I forgot that I had already done some investigation into recovering the PRFPMI lock after my work on the RF source. I don't really have any ideas on how to explain (or more importantly, resolve) the poor seperation of MICH and PRCL sensed in our 3f (but also 1f) photodiodes, see full thread here. Anyone have any ideas? I don't think my analysis (=code) of the sensing matrix can be blamed - in DTT, just looking the spectra of the _ERR_DQ channels for the various photodiodes while a ssingle frequency line is driving the PRM/BS suspension, there is no digital demod phase that decouples the MICH/PRCL peak in any of the REFL port photodiode spectra.
On Friday evening we checked out a few more things, somewhat overlapping with previous tests. All tests done with PRMI on carrier lock (REFL11_I -> PRC, AS55_Q-> MICH):
unrelated note: Donatella the Workstation was ~3 minutes ahead of the FE machines (you can look at the C0:TIM-PACIFIC_STRING on many of the MEDM screens for a rough simulacrum). When the workstation time is so far off, DTT doesn't work right (has errors like test timed out, or other blah blah). I installed NTP on donatella and started the service per SL7 rules. Since we want to migrate all the workstations to Debian (following the party line), lets not futz with this too much.
gautam, 1 Mar 1600: In case I'm being dumb, I attach the screen grab comparing dark offset to the single bounce off PRM, to estimate the RAM contribution. The other signals are there just to show that the ITMs are sufficiently misaligned. The PRCL PDH fringe is usually ~12000 cts in REFL11, ~5000cts in REFL55, and so the RAM offset is <0.1% of the horn-to-horn PDH fringe.
P.S. I know generally PNGs in the elog are frowned upon. But with so many points, the vector PDF export by NDS (i) is several megabytes in size and (ii) excruciatingly slow. I'm proposing a decimation filter for the export function of ndscope - but until then, I claim plotting with "rasterized=True" and saving to PDF and exporting to PNG are equivalent, since both yield a rasterized graphic.
I looked into this a bit more and crossed off some of the points Rana listed. In order to use REFL 55 as a sensor, I had to fix the frequent saturations seen in the MICH signals, at the nominal (flat) whitening gain of +18 dB. The light level on the REFL55 photodiode (13 mW), its transimpedance (400 ohm), and this +18dB (~ x8) gain, cannot explain signal saturation (0.7A/W * 400 V/A * 8 ~ 2.2kV/W, and the PRCL PDH fringe should be ~1 MW/m, so the PDH fringe across the 4nm linewidth of the PRC should only be a couple of volts). Could be some weird effect of the quad LT1125. Anyway, the fix that has worked in the past, and also this time, is detailed here. Note that the anomalously high noise of the REFL55_Q channel in particular remains a problem. After taking care of that, I did the following:
Rana also suggested checking if the digital demod phase that senses MICH in REFL55_Q changes from free-swinging Michelson (PRM misaligned), to PRMI aligned - we can quantify any macroscopic length mismatch in the PRC length using this measurement. I couldn't see any MICH signal in REFL55_Q with the PRM misaligned and the Michelson fringing. Could be that +18dB is insufficient whitening gain, but I ran out of time this afternoon, so I'll check later. But not sure if the double attenuation by the PRM makes this impossible.
The PRM violin filter seems very suboptimal - the gain peaking shows up in the MICH OLTF, presumably due to the MICH-->PRM LSC output matrix. I plot the one used for the BS in comparison in Attachment #1, seems much more reasonable. Why does the PRM need so many notches? Is this meant to cover some violin modes of PR2/PR3 as well? Do we really need that? Are the PR2/PR3 violin modes really so close in frequency to that for the 3" SOS? I suppose it could be since the suspension wire is thinner and the mass is lighter, and the two effects nearly cancel, but we don't actuate on PR2/PR3? According to the earlier elog in this thread, this particular filter wasn't deemed offensive and was left on.
Indeed, as shown in Attachment #2, I can realize a much healthier UGF for the MICH loop with just a single frequency notch (black reference trace) rather than using the existing "PRvio1,2" filter (FM2), (live red trace). The PR violins are eating so much phase at ~600 Hz.
We turned off many excessive violin mode bandstop filters in the LSC.
agreed, seems excessive. I always prefer bandstop over notch in case the eigenfrequency wanders, but the bandstop could be made to be just a few Hz wide.
There were multiple problems with the REFL55 demod board. I fixed them and re-installed the board. The TFs and noise measured on the bench now look more like what is expected from a noise model. The noise in-situ also looked good. After this work, my settings for the PRMI sideband lock don't work anymore so I probably have to tweak things a bit, will look into it tomorrow.
After this work, I measured that the orthogonality was poor. I confirmed on the bench that the PQW-2-90 was busted, pin 2 (0 degree output) showed a sensible signal half of the input, but pin 6 had far too small an output and the phase difference was more like 45 degrees and not 90 degrees. I can't find any spares of this part in the lab - however, we do have the equivalent part used in the aLIGO demodulator. Koji has kindly agreed to do the replacement (it requires a bit of jumper wiring action because the pin mapping between the two parts isn't exactly identical - in fact, the circuit schematic uses a transformer to do the splitting, but at some unknown point in time, the change to the minicircuits part was made. Anyway, until this is restored, I defer the PRMI sideband locking.
- First ran burtgooey as last time.
- Installed pyepics on base environment of donatella
- Clicked on ON in the drop down of "! More Scripts" below "! Scripts XARM" in C1ASS.adl
- Clicked on "Freeze Outputs" in the same menu after some time.
- Noticed that the sensing and output matrix of ASS on XARM and YARM look very different. The reason probably is because the YARM outputs have 4 TT1/2 P/Y dof instead of BS P/Y on the XARM. What are these TT1/2?
(Probably, unrelated but MC Unlocked and kept on trying to lock for about 10 minutes attaining the lock eventually.)
- From scripts/XARM we ran lockXarm.py from outside any conda environment using python command.
- Weirdly, we see that YARM is locked??? But XARM is not. Maybe this script is old.
- C1:LSC-TRY-OUTPUT went to around 0.75 (units unknown) while C1:LSC-TRX-OUTPUT is fluctuating around 0 only.
POY11 Spectrum measurement when YARM is locked:
- Created our own template as we couldn't find an existing one in users/Templates.
- Template file and data in Attachment 2.
- It is interesting to see most of the noise is in I quadrature with most noise in 10 to 100 Hz.
- Given the ARM is supposed to be much calmer than MC, this noise should be mostly due to the mode cleaner noise.
- We are not sure what units C1:LSC-POY11_I_ERR_DQ have, so Y scale is shown with out units.
Trying to lock Green YEND laser to YARM:
- We opened the Green Y shutter.
- We ensured that when temperature slider og green Y is moved up, the beatnote goes up.
- ARM was POY locked from previous step.
- Ran script scripts/YARM/Lock_ALS_YARM.py from outside any conda environment using python command.
- This locked green laser but unlocked the YARM POY.
Things moving around:
- Last step must have made all the suspension controls unstable.
- We see PRM and SRM QPDs moving a lot.
- Then we did burt restore to /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/burt/autoburt/today/08:19/*.snap to go back to the state before we started changing things today.
[Paco left for vaccine appointment]
- However the unstable state didn't change from restore. I see a lot of movement in ITMX/Y. PRM and BS also now. Movement in WFS1 and MC2T as well.
- I closed PSL shutter as well to hopefully disengage any loops that are still running unstably.
- But at this point, it seems that the optics are just oscillating and need time to come back to rest. Hopefully we din't cause too much harm today :(.
My guess on what happened:
Gautam came in and noted that the optics damping watchdogs had been tripped by a >5 magnitude earthquake somewhere off the coast of Australia. So, under guided assistance, we manually damped the optics using following:
Gautum also noticed that MC autolocker got turned OFF by me (Anchal), we turned it back on and MC engaged the lock again. All good, no harm done.
A new hybrid splitter (DQS-10-100) was installed. As the amplification of the final stage is sufficient for the input level of 3dBm, I have bypassed the input amplification (Attachment 1). One of the mixer was desoldered to check the power level. With a 1dB ATTN, the output of the last ERA-5 was +17.8dBm (Attachment 2). (The mixer was resoldered.)
With LO3dBm. RF0dBm, and delta_f = 30Hz, the output Vpp of 340mV and the phase difference is 88.93deg. (Attachment 3/4, the traces were averaged)
0 dBm ~ 0.63 Vpp. I guess there is ~4dB total loss (3dB from splitter and 1dB from total excess loss above theoretical from various components) between the SMA input and each RF input of the JMS-1-H mixer, which has an advertised conversion loss of ~6dB. So the RF input to each mixer, for 0dBm to the front panel SMA is ~-4dBm (=0.4 Vpp), and the I/F output is 0.34Vpp. So the conversion loss is only ~-1.5 dB? Seems really low? I assume the 0.34 Vpp is at the input to the preamp? If it's after the preamp, then the numbers still don't add up, because with the nominal 6dB conversion loss, the output. should be ~2Vpp? I will check it later.
Missed to note: The IF test was done at TP7 and TP6 using pomona clips i.e. brefore the preamp.
I don't have a good explanation why, but I too measured similar numbers to what Koji measured. The overall conversion gain for this board (including the +20dB gain from the daughter board) was measured to be ~5.3 V/V on the bench, and ~16000 cts/V in the CDS system (100Hz offset from the LO frequency). It would appear that the effective JMS-1-H conversion loss is <2dB. Seems fishy, but I can't find anything else obviously wrong with the circuit (e.g. a pre-amp for the RF signal that I missed, there is none).
I also attach the result of the measured noise at the outputs of the daughter board (i.e. what is digitized by the ADC), see Attachment #2. Apart from the usual forest of lines of unknown origin, there is still a significant excess above the voltage noise of the OP27, which is expected to be the dominant noise source in this configuration. Neverthelesss, considering that we have only 40dB of whitening gain, it is not expected that we see this noise directly in the digitized signal (above the ADC noise of ~1uV/rtHz). Note that the measured noise today, particularly for the Q channel, is significantly lower than before the changes were made.
Now that the REFL55 signal chain is capable of providing balanced, orthogonal readout of the two quadratures, I was able to recover the 1f SB resonant lock pretty easily. Ran sensing lines for ~5mins, still looks weird. But I didn't try to optimize anything / do other checks (e.g. actuate MICH using ITMs instead of BS) tonight, and I'm craving the Blueberry pie Rana left me. Will continue to do more systematic tests in the next days.
To my dismay, I found today that somebody had changed the oscillator frequencies for the sensing matrix infrastructure we have. The change happened 2 days and 2 hours ago (I write this at ~1230 on Saturday, 3/6), i.e. ~1030am on Thursday. According to the elog, this is when Anchal and Paco were working on the interferometer, but I can find no mention of these settings being changed. Not cool guys 😒 .
This was relatively easy to track down but I don't know what else may have been messed with. I don't understand how anything that was documented in the elog can lead to this weird doubling of the frequencies.
I have now restored the correct settings. The "sensing matrix" I posted last night is obviously useless.
I was also reminded today of the poor reliability of the LSC whitening electronics. Basically, there may be hidden saturations in all the channels that have a large DC value (e.g. the photodiode DC mon channels) due to the poor design of the cascaded gain stages. I was thinking about using the REFL DC channel to estimate the mode-matching into the PRC, but this has a couple of problems. Electronically, there may be some signal distortion due to the aforementioned problem. But in addition, optically, the estimation of mode-matching into the PRC by comparing REFL DC levels in single bounce off the PRM and the PRMI locked has the problem that the mode-matching is degenerate with the intra-cavity loss, which is of the same order as the mode mismatch (a percent or two I claiM). If Koji or someone else can implement the fix suggested by Hartmut for all the LSC whitening channels, that'd give us more faith in the signals. It may be less work than just replacing all the whitening filters with a better design (e.g. the aLIGO ISC whitening filter which implements the cascaded gain stages using single OP27s and more importantly has a 1 kohm series resistance with the input to the op amp (so the preceeding stage never has to drive > 10V/1kohms ~10mA of DC current) would presumably reduce distortion.
I understand this mst be frustrating for you. But we did not change these settings, knowingly atleast. We have documented all the things we did there. The only thing I can think of which could possibly change any of those channels are the scripts that we ran that are mentioned and the burt restore that we did on all channels (which wasn't really necessary). We promise to be more vigilant of changes that occur when we are present in future.
There are still many mysteries remaining - e.g. the MICH-->PRCL contribution still can't be nulled. But for now, I have the settings that keep the PRMI locked fairly robustly with REFL55I/Q or REFL165I/Q (I quadrature for PRCL, Q for MICH in both cases), see Attachment #1 and Attachment #2 respectively. For the 1f locking, the REFL55 digital demod phase was fine-tuned to minimize the frequency noise (generated by driving MC2) coupling to the Michelson readout (as the Michelson is supposed to be immune) - the coupling was measured to be ~60dB larger at the PRCL error point than MICH. There was still nearly unity coherence between my MC2 drive and the MICH error point demodulated at the drive frequency, but I was not able to null it any better than this. With the PRMI (ETMs misaligned) locked on the 1f signals, I measured Attachment #1 and used it to determine the demod phase that would best enable REFL165_I to be a PRCL sensor. Rana thinks that if there is some subtle effect in the marginally stable PRC, we would not see it unless we do a mode scan (time consuming to set up and execute). So I'm just going to push on with the PRFPMI locking - let's see if the clean arm mode forces a clean TEM00 mode to be resonant in the PRC, and if that can sort out the lack of orthogonality between MICH/PRCL in the 1f sensors (after all, we only care about the 3f signals in as much as they allow us to lock the interferometer). I'll try the PRMI with arms on ALS tomorrow eve.
I have no idea what to make of how the single frequency lines I am driving in MICH and PRCL show up in REFL11 and REFL33 - the signals are apparently completely degenerate (in optical quadrature). How this is possible even though the PRMI remains stably locked, POP22/POP110/AS110 report stable sideband buildup is not clear to me.
The interferometer can nearly be locked again. I was unable to fully hand off control from ALS-->RF, I suspect I may be using the wrong sign on the AO path (or some such other sub-optimal CM board settings). I'll hook up the SR785 and take some TFs tomorrow, that should give more insight into what's what. With the arms held off resonance, the PRMI acquires lock nearly instantly (REFL165 I for PRCL, REFL165 Q for MICH), and can stay locked nearly indefinitely, which is what I need so I can get the RF lock going. However the sensing matrix (for vertex DoFs, arms held off resonance) still makes no sense to me. The MICH loop has ~50 Hz UGF and the PRCL loop ~150 Hz. I think the MICH loop shape can be optimized a little for better low frequency suppression, but this isn't the show-stopper at the moment. For record-keeping, the ALS performance was excellent and other subsystems were nominal tonight.
In preparation for later today evening. The TT alignment wasn't visibly disturbed.
Pity really, I was hoping to make it much further tonight. I think I'll have to go back to the high BW POX/POY lock, and also check out the conversion efficiency / noise of the daughter board on the REFL11 demod board. Compared to before my work on the RF source, the demod phase for the PRMI lock using REFL11 as an error signal has basically necessitated a change of the digital demod phase by 180 degrees - so I made the appropriate polarity changes in the CM_SLOW and AO paths (the assumption is that CARM in REFL11 would require the same change in digital demod phase, and I think this is a reasonable assumption - indeed, with the arm powers somewhat stable ~100, if I look at the PDH signal in REFL11 I and Q, it does seem to show up largely in the I quadrature (pre digital phase rotation). Anyway, with so many weird effects (wonky PRM suspension, strange PRMI sensing etc etc, who knows what's going on. This will take a systematic effort.
I defer the electronics characterization for the daytime (if I feel like I need it tomorrow I'll do it, else. Koji has said he can do it on Friday).
I was unable to fully hand off control from ALS-->RF, I suspect I may be using the wrong sign on the AO path (or some such other sub-optimal CM board settings). I'll hook up the SR785 and take some TFs tomorrow, that should give more insight into what's what.
There is some evidence of weird saturation but the gain balancing (0.8dB) and orthogonality (~89 deg) for the daughter board on the REFL11 demod board that generates the AO path error signal seem reasonable. This board would probably benefit from the AD797-->Op27 and thick-film-->thin film swap but i don't think this is to blame for being unable to execute the RF transition.
I repeated the high bandwidth POY locking experiment.
One thing I am not sure is - when looking at the in-loop error point spectra, the Y-arm error point did not get suppressed to the CM board's sensing noise floor - I would have thought that with the huge amount of gain at ~16 Hz, the usual structure we see in the spectra between 10-30Hz would be completely squished. Need to think about if this is signalling something wrong, because the loop TF measurements seemed as expected to me.
1020pm: plots uploaded. As I made the plot of the spectrum, I realized that I don't have the calibration for the Y-arm error point into displacement noise units, so it's in unphysical units for now. But I think the comment about the hump around 16 Hz not being crushed to some sort of flat electronics noise floor. For the TF plots, when the loop gain is high, this IN1/IN2 technique isn't the best (due to saturation issues) but I don't think there's anything controversial about getting the UGF this way, and the fact that the phase evolves as expected when the various gains are cranked up / boosts enabled makes me think that the CM board is itself just fine.
10am 12 March: i realized that the "Y-arm error point" plotted below is not the true error point - that would be the input to the CM board (before boosts etc), which we don't monitor digitally. The spectra are plotted for the CM_SLOW input which already has some transfer function applied to it. In the past, I routed the LEMO "MON" connector on the demod board to the CM board input, and hence, had the usual SMA outputs from the demod board going to the digital system. I hypothesize that plotting the spectra for that signal would have showed this expected suppression to the electronics noise floor.
In summary, on the basis of this test, I don't see any red flags with the CM board.
I may want to use the delay line phase shifter in 1Y2 to allow remote actuation of the REFL11 demod phase (for the AO path, not the low bandwidth one). I had this working last Feb, but today, I am unable to remotely change the delay. @Koji, it would be great if you could fix this the next time you are in the lab - I bet it's a busted latch IC or some such thing. I did the non-invasive tests - cable is connected, control bits are changing (at least according to the CDS BIO indicators) and the switch controlling remote/local switching is set correctly. The local switching works just fine.
In the meantime, I will keep trying - I am unconvinced we really need the delay line.
Attachment #1 - proof that the lock is RF only (A paths are ALS, B paths are RF).
Attachment #2 - CARM OLTF.
Some tuning can be done, the circulating power can be made ~twice as high with some ASC. The vertex is still on 3f control. I didn't get any major characterization done tonight but it's nice to be back here, a year on i guess.
I'm going to remove REFL11 demod for the noise check/circuit improvement.
First I checked the noise levels and the transfer functions of the daughterboard preamp were checked. The CH-1 of the SR785 seemed funky (I can't comprehensively tell yet how it was), so the measurement maybe unreliable.
For the replacement of AD797, I tested OP27 and TLE2027. TLE2027 is similar to OP27, but slightly faster, less noisy, and better in various aspects.
The replacement of the AD797 and whatever-film resistors with LTE2027 and thin-film Rs were straightforward for the I phase channel, while the stabilization of the Q phase channel was a struggle (no matter I used OP27 or TLE2027). It seems that the 1st stage has some kind of instability and I suffered from 3Hz comb up to ~kHz. But the scope didn't show obvious 3Hz noise.
After a quite bit of struggle, I could tame this strange noise by adjusting the feedback capacitor of the 1st stage. The final transfer functions and the noise levels were measured. (To be analyzed later)
Now the REFL11 LO cable was replaced from the soft low noise audio coax (Belden 9239) to jacketed solder-soaked coax cable (Belden 1671J - RG405 compatible). The original cable indicated the delay of -34.3deg (@11MHz, 8.64ns) and the loss of 0.189dB.
I took 80-inch 1671J cable and measured the delay to be ~40deg. The length was adjusted using this number and the resulting cable indicated the delay of -34.0deg (@11MHz, 8.57ns) and the loss of 0.117dB.
The REFL11 demod module was restored and the cabling around REFL11 and AS110 were restored, tightened, and checked.
I've removed the PD mon cables from the NI RF switch. The open ports were plugged with 50Ohm temirnators.
While Koji is working on the REFL 11 demod board, I took the opportunity to investigate the non-remote-controllability of the delay line in 1Y2, since the TTs have already been disturbed. Here is what I found today.
So it would seem something is not quite right with this BIO card. The c1lsc expansion chassis, in which this card sits, is notoriously finicky, and this delay line isn't very high priority, so I am deferring more invasive investigation to the next time the system crashes.
* I forgot we have the nice PCB Contec tester board with LEDs - the only downside is that this board has D37 connectors on both ends whereas the delay line wants a D25, necessitating some custom ribbon cable action. But maybe there is a way to use this.
As part of this work, I was in various sensitive areas (1Y3, chiara rack, FE test stand etc) but as far as I can tell, all systems are nominal.
I need to think a little bit about the ASC commissioning strategy. On the positive side
Things to think about:
Attachment 1: Transfer Functions
The original circuit had a gain of ~20 and the phase delay of ~1deg at 10kHz, while the new CH-I and CH-Q have a phase delay of 3 deg and 2 deg, respectively.
Attachment 2: Output Noise Levels
The AD797 circuit had higher noise at low frequency and better noise levels at high frequency. Each TLE2027 circuit was tuned to eliminate the instability and shows a better noise level compared to the low-frequency spectrum of the AD797 version.
RXA: AD797 , all hail the op-amps ending with 27 !
From Finesse simulation (and also analytic calcs), the expected PRCL optical gain is ~1 MW/m (there is a large uncertainty, let's say a factor of 5, because of unknown losses e.g. PRC, Faraday, steering mirrors, splitting fractions on the AP table between the REFL photodiodes). From the same simulation, the MICH optical gain in the Q-phase signal is expected to be a factor of ~10 smaller. I measured the REFL55 RF transimpedance to be ~400 ohms in June last year, which was already a little lower than the previous number I found on the wiki (Koji's?) of 615 ohms. So we expect, across the ~3nm PRCL linewidth, a PDH horn-to-horn voltage of ~1 V (equivalently, the optical gain in units of V/m for PRCL is ~0.3 GV/m).
In the measurement, the MICH gain is indeed ~x10 smaller than the PRCL gain. However, the measured optical gain (~0.1GV/m, but this is after the x10 gain of the daughter board) is ~10 times smaller than what is expected (after accounting for the various splitting fractions on the AS table between REFL photodiodes). We've established that the modulation depth isn't to blame I think. I will check (i) REFL55 transimpedance, (ii) cable loss between AP table and 1Y2 and (iii) is the beam well centered on the REFL55 photodiode.
Basically, with the 400ohm transimpedance gain, we should be running with a whitening gain of 0dB before digitization as we expect a signal of O(1V). We are currently running at +18dB.
Then I put the RF signal directly into the scope and saw that the 55 MHz signal is ~30 mVpp into 50 Ohms. I waited a few minutes with triggering to make sure I was getting the largest flashes. Why is the optical/RF signal so puny? This is ~100x smaller than I think we want...its OK to saturate the RF stuff a little during lock acquisition as long as the loop can suppress it so that the RMS is < 3 dBm in the steady state.
I did all these checks today.
I will check (i) REFL55 transimpedance, (ii) cable loss between AP table and 1Y2 and (iii) is the beam well centered on the REFL55 photodiode.
So it would seem that there is nothing wrong with the sensing electronics. I also think we can rule out any funkiness with the modulation depths since they have been confirmed with multiple different measurements.
One thing I checked was the splitting ratios on the AP table. Jenne's diagram is still accurate (assuming the components are labelled correctly). Let's assume 0.8 W makes it through the IMC to the PRM - then, I would expect, according to the linked diagram, 0.8 W * 0.8 * (1-5.637e-2) * 0.8 * 0.1 * 0.5 * 0.9 ~ 22 mW to make it onto the REFL55 PD. With the PRM aligned and the beam centered on the PD (using DC monitor but I also looked through an IR viewer, looked pretty well centered), I measured 500 mV DC level. Assuming 50 ohm DC transimpedance, that's 500 / 50 / 0.8 ~ 12.5 mW of power on this photodiode, which while is consistent with what's annotated on Jenne's diagram, is ~50% off from expectation. Is the uncertainty in the Faraday transmission and IMC transmission enough to account for this large deviation?
If we want more optical gain, we'd have to put more light on this PD. I suppose we could have ~10x the power since that's what is on IMC REFL when the MC is unlocked? If we want x100 increase in optical gain, we'd also have to increase the transimpedance by 10. I'll double check the simulation but I"m inclined to believe that the sensing electronics are not to blame.
Unconnected to this work but I feel like I'm flying blind without the wall StripTool traces so I restored them on zita (ran /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/general/startStrip.sh).
I used the Valera technique to measure the Schnupp asymmetry to be , see Attachment #1. The data points are points, and the zero crossing is estimated using a linear fit. I repeated the measurement 3 times for each arm to see if I get consistent results - seems like I do. Subtle effects like possible differential detuning of each arm cavity (since the measurement is done one arm at a time) are not included in the error analysis, but I think it's not controversial to say that our Schnupp asymmetry has not changed by a huge amount from past measurements. Jamie set a pretty high bar with his plot which I've tried to live up to.
For my note-taking:
If I missed any of the tests we discussed, please add them here.
I thought I'd get started on some of the tests tonight. But I found that this problem had resurfaced. I don't know what's so special about the REFL55 photodiode - as far as I can tell, other photodiodes at the REFL port are running with comparable light incident on it, similar flat whitening gain, etc etc. The whitening electronics are known to be horrible because they use the quad LT1125 - but why is only this channel problematic? To describe the problem in detail:
I request Koji to look into this, time permitting, tomorrow. In slightly longer term, we cannot run the IFO like this - the frequency of occurrence is much too high and the "fix" seems random to me, why should sweeping the whitening gain fix the problem? There was some suggestion of cutting the PCB trace and putting a resistor to limit the current draw on the preceeding stage, but this PCB is ancient and I believe some traces are buried in internal layers. At the same time, I am guessing it's too much work to completely replace the whitening electronics with the aLIGO style units. Anyone have any bright ideas?
Anyway, I managed to lock the PRMI (ETMs misaligned) using REFL165I/Q. Then, instead of using the BS as the MICH actuator, I used the two ITMs (equal magnitude, opposite sign in the LSC output matrix).
I didn't get around to running any of the other tests tonight, will continue tomorrow.
Update Mar 26: Attachments #2 and #3 show that there is clearly something wrong with the whitening electronics associated with REFL55 channels - with the PSL shutter closed (so the only "signal" being digitized should be the electronics noise at the input of the whitening stage), the I and Q channels don't show similar profiles, and moreover, are not consistent (the two screenshots are from two separate sweeps). I don't know what to make of the parts of the sweep that don't show the expected "steps". Until ndscope gets a log-scaled y-axis option, we have to live with the poor visualization of the gain steps which are dB (rather than linearly) spaced. For this particular case, StripTool isn't an option either because the Q channel as a negative offset, and I opted agains futzing with the cabling at 1Y2 to give a small fixed positive voltage instead. I will emphasize that on Friday, this problem was not present, because the gain balance of the I and Q channels was good to within 1dB.
I repeated the usual whitening board characterization test of:
Attachment #1 suggests that the steps are equal (3dB) in size, but note that the "Q" channel shows only ~half the response of the I channel. The drive is derived from a channel of an unused AI+dewhite board in 1Y2, split with a BNC Tee, and fed to the two inputs on the whitening filter. The impedance is expected to be the same on each channel, and so each channel should see the same signal, but I see a large asymmetry. All of this checked out a couple of weeks ago (since we saw ellipses and not circles) so not sure what changed in the meantime, or if this is symptomatic of some deeper problem.
Usually, doing this and then restoring the cabling returns the signal levels of REFL55 to nominal levels. Today it did not - at the nominal whitening gain setting of +18dB flat gain, when the PRMI is fringing, the REFL55 inputs are frequently reporting ADC overflows. Needless to say, all my attempts today evening to transition the length control of the vertex from REFL165 to REFL55 failed.
I suppose we could try shifting the channels to (physical) Ch5 and Ch6 which were formerly used to digitize the ALS DFD outputs and are currently unused (from Ch3, Ch4) on this whitening filter and see if that improves the situation, but this will require a recompile of the RTCDS model and consequent CDS bootfest, which I'm not willing to undertake today. If anyone decides to do this test, let's also take the opportunity to debug the BIO switching for the delay line.
I wanted to put my optomechanical instability hypothesis to the test. So I decided to cut the input power to the IMC by ~half and try locking the PRFPMI. However, this did not improve the stability of the buildup in the arm cavities, while the control was solely on the ALS error signal.
Basically, with some tweaks to loop gains, it worked, see Attachment #1. Note that the lower right axis shows the IMC transmission and is ~7500 cts, vs the nominal ~15,000 cts.
Cutting the input power did not have the effect I hoped it would. Basically, I was hoping to zero the optical CARM offset while the IFO was entirely under ALS control, and have the arm transmission be stable (or at least, stay in the linear regime of REFL11). However, the observation was that the IFO did the usual "buzzing" in and out of the linear regime. Right now, this is not at all a problem - once the IR error signal is blended in, and DC control authority is transferred to that signal, the lock acquisition can proceed just fine. And I guess it is cool that we can lock the IFO at ~half the input power, something to keep in mind when we have the remote controlled waveplate, maybe we always want to lock at the lowest power possible such that optomechanical transients are not a problem.
I also don't think this test directly disputes my claim that the residual CARM noise when the arm cavities are under purely ALS control is smaller than the CARM linewidth.
What does this mean for my hypothesis? I still think it is valid, maybe the power has to be cut even further for the optomechanics to not be a problem. In Finesse (see Attachment #2), with 0.3 W input power to the back of the PRM, and with best guesses for the 40m optical losses in the PRC and arms, I still see that considerable phase can be eaten up due to the optomechanical resonance around ~100 Hz, which is where the digital CARM loop UGF is. So I guess it isn't entirely unreasonable that the instability didn't go away?
After this work, I undid all the changes I made for the low power lock test. I confirmed that IMC locking, POX/POY locking, and the dither alignment systems all function as expected after I reverted the system.
Since it seems like the entire electronics chain has no obvious failure, I decided to compensate for the apparent increased optical gain by turning the flat whitening gain down from +18dB to 0dB. Then, after some fiddling around with alignment, settings etc, I was able to lock the PRMI once again, with the ETMs misaligned, using REFL55_I to sense PRCL, and REFL55_Q to sense MICH. Some sensing matrices attached. Some notes:
So there is clearly something funky with the nominal MICH actuation scheme (MICH suspension, PRM suspension or both), which we should get to the bottom of before trying any low noise locking. I think using the ITMs as the MICH actuator in the full lock will not be a good low nosie strategy, as we would then be "polluting" all our suspended optics with our control loops, which seems highly suboptimal for technical noise sources like coil driver noise etc.
Tried locking the arms
Did the WFS step response test on IMC in between while waiting for help. See 16094.
Back to trying arm locking
PMC got unlocked
t Both arms were locked simply by using IFO > Configure > ! (YARM) > Restore YARM. I had to use ASS to improve the TRX/TRY to ~0.95.
I measured C1:LSC-XARM_IN1_DQ and C1:LSC-YARM_IN1_DQ while injecting band limited noise in C1:IOO-WFS1_PIT_EXC using uniform noise with amplitude 1000 along with filter defined by string: cheby1("BandPass",4,1,80,100). I calibrated the control arms signals by 2.44 nm/cts calibration factor directly picked up from 13984.
For the duration of this test, all LIMIT switches in the WFS loops were switched OFF.
I do not see any affect on the arm control signal power spectrums with or without the noise injection. Attachement 1 shows the PSD along with PSD of the injection site IN2 signal. I must be doing something wrong, so would like feedback before I go further.
This is the actuator calibration. For the error point calibration, you have to look at the filter in the calibration model. I think it's something like 8e-13m/ct for POX and similar for POY.
I calibrated the control arms signals by 2.44 nm/cts calibration factor directly picked up from 13984.
WFS1 noise injection
C1:LSC-XARM_IN1_DQ / C1:LSC-YARM_IN1_DQ
C1:SUS-ETMX_LSC_OUT_DQ / C1:SUS-ETMY_LSC_OUT_DQ
C1:SUS-MC1_**COIL_OUT / C1:SUS-MC2_**COIL_OUT / C1:SUS-MC3_**COIL_OUT
C1:IOO-WFS1_PIT_ERR / C1:IOO-WFS1_YAW_ERR
** denotes [UL, UR, LL, LR]; the output coils.
Rana came and helped us figure us where to inject the noise. Following are the characteristics of the test we did:
Attachment 1 shows a screenshot with awggui and diaggui screens displaying the signal in both angular and longitudinal channels.
Attachment 2 shows the analogous screenshot for MC2.
We redid the WFS noise injection test and have compiled some results on noise contribution in arm cavity noise and IMC frequency noise due to angular noise of IMC.
Attachment 1: Shows the calibrated noise contribution from MC1 ASCPIT OUT to ARM cavity length noise and IMC frequency noise.
We today measured the calibration factors for XARM_OUT and YARM_OUT in nm/cts and replotted our results from 16117 with the correct frequency dependence.
Calibration of XARM_OUT and YARM_OUT
Inferring noise contributions to arm cavities:
Edit Mon May 10 18:31:52 2021
See corrections in 16129.
A few corrections to last analysis:
Attached is the control loop diagram when main laser is locked to IMC and a single arm (XARM) is locked to the transmitted light from IMC.
Today we went through LSC locking mechanics with Gautam and as a "Hello World" example, worked on locking michelson cavity.
We characterized the loop OLTF, found the UGF to be 90 Hz and measured the noise at error and control points.
gautam: one aim of this work was to demonstrate that the "Lock Michelson (dark)" script call from the IFOconfigure screen worked - it did, reliably, after the setting changes mentioned above.
I worked in Yend station, trying to get the ETMY QPD to work properly. When I started, only one (quadrant #3) of the 4 quadrants were seeing any lights. By just changing the beam splitter that reflects some light off to the QPD, I was able to get some amount of light in quadrant #2. However, no amount of steering would show any light in any other quadrants.
The only reason I could think of is that the incoming beam gets partially clipped as it seems to be hitting the beam splitter near the top edge. So for this to work properly, a mirror upstream needs to be adjusted which would change the alignment of TRX photodiode. Without the light on TRX photodiode, there is no lock and there is no light. So one can't steer this beam without lossing lock.
I tried one trick, in which, I changed the YARM lock trigger to POY DC signal. I got it to work to get the lock going even when TRY was covered by a beam finder card. However, this lock was still bit finicky and would loose lock very frequently. It didn't seem worth it to potentially break the YARM locking system for ETMY QPD before running this by anyone and this late in evening. So I reset everything to how it was (except the beam splitter that reflects light to EMTY QPD. That now has equal ligth falling on quadrant #2 and #3.
The settings I temporarily changed were:
All these were reverted back to there previous values manually at the end.