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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  8053   Sun Feb 10 18:00:13 2013 yutaSummaryLSCPR2-flipped half-PRC spectra/OLTF

To compare with future PRMI locking, I measured spectra of POPDC and feedback signal. I also measured openloop transfer function of half-PRC locking.
Beam spot motion was at ~ 2.4 Hz, not 3.3 Hz.

  Below is uncalibrated spectra of POPDC and LSC feedback signal (C1:LSC-PRM_OUT).

  Below is openloop transfer function of the half-PRC locking loop. UGF is ~ 120 Hz and phase margin is ~ 45 deg. This agrees with the expected curve.

  Data was taken when half-PRC was locked using REFL11_I as error signal and actuating on PRM.


  For comparison, POPDC when PRMI was locked in July 2012: elog #6954 and PRCL openloop transfer function: elog #6950.

  Peak in the spectra of POPDC and feedback signal was at ~ 3.3 Hz in July 2012 PRMI, but it is now at ~ 2.4 Hz in half-PRC. The peak also got broader.
  Is it because of the change in the resonant frequency of the BS-PRM stack? How much the load on BS-PRM changed?
  Or is it because of the change in the resonant frequency of PR2/PR3?

  Phase margin is less now because of gain boost ~ 5 Hz and resonant gain at 24 Hz.

  8054   Mon Feb 11 12:49:54 2013 JenneSummaryLSCResonant freq change - why? (and passive TT mode freqs)


  Is it because of the change in the resonant frequency of the BS-PRM stack? How much the load on BS-PRM changed?
  Or is it because of the change in the resonant frequency of PR2/PR3

I claim that neither of those things is plausible.  We took out 1 PZT, and put in 1 active TT onto the BS table.  There is no way the resonant frequency changed by an appreciable amount due to that switch.

I don't think that it is the resonant frequency of the TTs either.  Here, I collate the data that we have on the resonant frequencies of our tip tilts.  It appears that in elog 3425 I recorded results for TTs 2 and 3, but in elog 3447 I just noted that the measurements had been done, and never put them into the elog.  Ooops.

Resonant frequency and Q of modes of passive tip tilts. 

  Vertical Yaw Pos Side
TT1 f0=20, Q=18 f0=1.89, Q=3.8 f0=1.85, Q=2 f0=1.75, Q=3.2
TT2 f0=24, Q=7.8 f0=1.89, Q=2.2 f0=1.75, no Q meas f0=1.8, Q=4.5
TT3 f0=20, Q=34 f0=1.96, Q="low" f0=1.72, Q=3.3 f0=1.85, Q=6
TT4 f0=21, Q=14 f0=1.88, Q=2.3 f0=1.72, Q=1.4 f0=1.85, Q=1.9
TT5 f0=20, Q=22.7 no measurement f0=1.79, Q=1.8 f0=1.78, Q=3.5

Notes:  "Serial Number" of TTs here is based on the SN of the top suspension point block.  This does not give info about which TT is where.  Pitch modes were all too low of Q to be measured, although we tried.

Tip tilt mode measurements were taken with a HeNe and PD shadow sensor setup - the TT's optic holder ring was partially obscuring the beam.

  8095   Sat Feb 16 19:23:17 2013 yutaUpdateLSCPR2 flipped PRMI locked

It is my pleasure to announce that the first lock of PR2 flipped PRMI was succeeded.

POP looks very nice. TEM00 and not wobbling.
We need more I/Q phase and gain/filter adjustment and characterization soon.

Some more details:
  MICH error signal: AS55_Q_ERR (using POP55 PD; phase rotation angle 70 deg)
  PRCL error signal: REFL11_I_ERR (phase rotation angle 80 deg)
  MICH feedback: BS (MICH_GAIN = -60)
  PRCL feedback: PRM (PRCL_GAIN = -0.5)

  8143   Sat Feb 23 07:14:58 2013 yutaUpdateLSCcan't lock Y arm

I tried to align and lock Y arm for the first time after pumping.
But I couldn't lock Y arm for more than ~1 sec. Why?

What I did:
  1. Centered IPANG/IPPOS using input TT1/TT2.

  2. Restored ITMY/ETMY slider values when it was aligned before pumping. I saw tiny flashes in TRY PD at this point.

  3. Replaced Ygreen REFL camera with ETMYT camera to see transmitted beam mode.

  4. Used TT1/TT2 and ITMY/ETMY to get ~ 0.4 peak in normalized TRY PD output (C1:LSC_TRY_OUT).

  5. Centered POY beam on POY11 PD.

  6. Changed I/Q mixing angle (C1:LSC-POY11_PHASE_R) from -61 deg to -16 deg to get good PDH signal in I_ERR (attached).

  7. Ran LSCoffsets script (now on LSC_OVERVIEW screen) to adjust PD offsets.

  8. Tried to lock Yarm with different gains, but failed. When lock is acquired, TRY fluctuates ~50 % and unlocks suddenly.

What I found:
  1. There was some OFFSETs left turned on in suspension screens. Don't leave them on!! They change alignment of the optics. I will leave it on until we complete Yarm alignment.

  2. C1:SUS-(ITMY|ETMY)_ASC(PIT|YAW) was kept oscillating the optic since Dec 17, 2013. I think this is from interrupted ASS script. Your script should restore everything when interrupted!

  - Beamspot on ITMY looks off-centered. Maybe A2L is causing unstable lock?
  - Maybe F2A is causing unstable lock?
  - More alignment?
  - FSS related? crontab related?

Attachment 1: TRYPOY.png
  8145   Sat Feb 23 14:52:03 2013 JenneUpdateLSCETMYT camera back to normal


 3. Replaced Ygreen REFL camera with ETMYT camera to see transmitted beam mode.

The camera that Yuta means in his elog from last night/this morning is the scattering camera at the Yend.  The reason (I think) that he had to do this is that Manasa and Jan took the cable for the ETMYT camera, and were using it for their scattering camera.  They mention in elog 8072 that they installed a camera, but they didn't say anything about having taken the ETMYT cable.  This is the kind of thing that is useful to elog!

Anyhow, I have removed the Watec that belongs with the scattering setup, that Yuta borrowed, and put it back on the scattering table-on-a-pedestal. I then realigned the usual ETMYT camera (that Yuta moved out of the way to install the borrowed Watec), and put the ETMYT cable back to its usual place, connected to the Sony camera's box on the floor.

tl;dr: ETMYT camera is back to original state.

EDIT later:  I put the Watec back, since it is more sensitive to IR, so now we have a Watec in the regular ETMYT place.

  8149   Sat Feb 23 16:54:24 2013 JenneUpdateLSCcan't lock Y arm

I'm not sure that Yuta had found the real Yarm flashes last night.  When I came in today, the Yarm would flash.  However I found that the SRM was aligned, and if I misaligned it, the Yarm flashes would disappear.  So somehow the beam getting into the cavity was related to the reflection off of the SRM.

Later, I moved the TTs, leaving ITMY and ETMY alone, after having misaligned SRM (and ITMX) and I found flashes.  This wasn't ideal though, since the beam was much, much too high on IPANG (beam was half falling off the top of the lens, although yaw was pretty good).  That was also when I changed out the ETMYT camera the first time around.  The flashes on the new camera were visible, but much dimmer than with the Watec.

I tried locking the Yarm in this state, but I could never achieve a lock, even momentarily.  It almost seemed like I wasn't sending actuation signal out to the coils, although signal appeared all the way through the chain until the LSC signal summed with the local damping signal.  I also switched the LSC output matrix to try actuating on the ITM, but I was also not able to lock then.  I have switched it back to have Yarm actuate on ETMY.  I could see a nice PDH signal on POY, and nice flashes on TRY, but no lock at all.  The trigger was triggering, but still no catching of the lock.  I'm not really sure what's up.

After playing with a non-locking, poorly aligned Yarm, I started over by recentering the beam on IPPOS and IPANG using the TTs, but have not been able to get flashing in the cavity again.  After much fitzing around, I put the Watec back at ETMYT, in hopes that we can see flashes again at some point, since it's more sensitive than the old Sony.  Still no flashes though.

I have to leave, but Yuta and Manasa are here, and so I'm leaving the IFO in their custody.

  8150   Sat Feb 23 17:14:59 2013 yutaUpdateLSCcan't lock Y arm

Jenne found that;
  0. If all mirrors are "aligned," Yarm flashes.
  1. If SRM is misaligned, Yarm doesn't flash.
  2. If BS is misaligned, Yarm doesn't flash.
  3. If ITMX is misaligned, Yarm still flashes.

So, my hypothesis from this is that I was playing with " TT1 -> TT2 -> ITMY -> BS -> SRM -> BS -> Yarm "  configuration last night.
This hypothesis can explain;
  1. Why I could not get TRY peak more than 0.5 (additional BS reflection makes incident power to Yarm less).
  2. Why I had to change POY11 I/Q mixing angle by ~ 45 deg (because EOM to Yarm length changed).
  3. Why I couldn't lock Yarm stably (additional reflection by BS and SRM made too much beam jitter?).

We are now trying to get "real" Yarm flash.

  8183   Wed Feb 27 14:39:59 2013 AnnalisaUpdateLSCFibre laid for RFPD audio

 [Annalisa, Jenne, Rana, Steve]

We installed the fibres on cable trays the 1Y2 and the Control Room.

Still to do: find a power supply for the Fiboxes and plug everything in.

  8184   Wed Feb 27 14:53:02 2013 SteveUpdateLSCwhat is the Fibox ?

Fibox FBAI-M 20bit units were connected with multimode fibre.  This pair of fiber is not protected in the cable tray.

  8192   Wed Feb 27 20:50:41 2013 ManasaUpdateLSC22/110MHz path for POP

[Yuta, Manasa]

Modified POP path.

1. Removed temporary POP DC and the BS 50 (elog)
2. Introduced a 95% BS after the POP steering mirrors (95% of the signal goes to PD10CF used for POP22 and 5% goes to POP camera)
3. Output of PD10CF goes to the LSC rack through POP110 heliax cable.
4. The PD output at the LSC rack  goes through a DC block to separate DC from RF.


We could not find a power supply slot for the amplifiers on the LSC rack. We had to put a temporary power supply in contradiction to our 'no temporary power supply' policy.

  8196   Thu Feb 28 02:43:49 2013 yutaUpdateLSCsome qualitative evidence of PRMI sideband lock

[Manasa, Yuta]

Since we have setup POP22 PD now(elog #8192), we could confirm that sideband power builds up when PRMI is sideband locked.

  Here's some plot of PRC intra-cavity powers and MICH,PRCL error signals. As you can see from POP22, we locked at the peak of 11MHz sideband. There was oscillation at ~500 Hz, but we couldn't optimize the gain yet.

  Here's 30 sec movie of AS, POP, REFL when acquiring (and losing) PRMI sideband lock. It was pretty hard to take a movie because it locks pretty seldom (~1 lock / 10 min).

Locking details:
  For MICH lock, we used ITMs instead of BS for reducing coupling between PRCL.
  Also, AS55 phase rotation angle was coarsely optimized by minimizing MICH signal in I.
  For PRCL lock, we used REFL55_I_ERR instead of REFL33_I_ERR. It had better PDH signal and we coarsely optimized phase rotation angle by minimizing PRCL PDH signal in Q.

 == PRMI sideband ==
  MICH: AS55_Q_ERR, AS55_PHASE_R = -12 deg,  MICH_GAIN = -0.1, feedback to ITMX(-1),ITMY(+1)
  PRCL: REFL55_I_ERR, REFL55_PHASE_R = 70 deg, PRCL_GAIN = -15, feedback to PRM

  We set POP22_PHASE_R = -170 deg by minimizing Q.

 - We tried to use REFL55_Q_ERR to lock MICH, but couldn't. It looks like REFL error signals are bad.
 - We tried to use POP22_I_ERR to trigger PRCL lock, but it didn't work.

  8197   Thu Feb 28 03:25:27 2013 yutaUpdateLSCPR gain ~ 25 from PRMI carrier lock

[Manasa, Yuta]

We locked PRMI in carrier. Measured power recycling gain was ~25.


  Here's some plot of PRC intra-cavity powers and MICH,PRCL error signals. As you can see from POPDC, cavity buildup was about 400, which means power recycling gain was ~25. Power recyling gain is fluctuating up to ~45 during lock. We need some gain normalization or something.


  Here's 30 sec movie of AS, POP, REFL when acquiring PRMI carrier lock. Although there's oscillation when acquiring lock, beam spot motion is less and stable compared with the past(before flipping PR2).

Locking details:
 == PRMI carrier ==
  MICH: AS55_Q_ERR, AS55_PHASE_R = -12 deg,  MICH_GAIN = -0.1, feedback to ITMX(-1),ITMY(+1)
  PRCL: REFL55_I_ERR, REFL55_PHASE_R = 70 deg, PRCL_GAIN = 5, feedback to PRM

  - Better filters and gains for stable lock
  - Kakeru method to measure g-factor (see elog around #1434)
  - OSA to measure g-factor

  8198   Thu Feb 28 03:41:31 2013 KojiUpdateLSCPR gain ~ 25 from PRMI carrier lock

This is how the carrier lock PRMI should look like.

- There is more room to improve the differential ITM alignment to make the dark port more dark, then you will gain more PRG

- The AS spot is definitely clipped.

  8203   Fri Mar 1 01:17:06 2013 JenneUpdateLSCXarm oscillation

There is an oscillation in the Xarm at 631Hz, which is not in the Yarm.  There is a small peak in POY11_I at this frequency, but only when the Xarm is locked.  If the Xarm unlocks, the peak disappears from POY.  The peak is 3 orders of magnitude larger in POX than in POY, and 4 orders of magnitude larger than the POY noise when this peak is not present.  In the plot, I have turned off the POY whitening, so that its situation is the same as POX (we still need to fix POX whitening switching).  Dark noise (MC unlocked) is the same for both PDs.


  8208   Fri Mar 1 16:58:37 2013 yutaUpdateLSCXarm oscillation stopped

POX11 oscillation at 630 Hz was stopped by installing 630 Hz resonant gain to LSC_XARM.
After few hours, oscillation stopped. So I removed the resonant gain.
Our guess is that 630 Hz peak is some violin mode or something, and it was excited somehow, and didn't stopped for very long time because of its high Q. It coupled into POY11 somehow (scattering, electronics, etc).

Attachment 1: POX11_630Hz.png
  8210   Sat Mar 2 00:09:31 2013 ranaUpdateLSCXarm oscillation stopped

  Don't use resonant gain - it can lead to a loop instability since it makes the loop have 3 UGFs.

Just use a elliptic bandstop filter at this harmonic frequency separately for each test mass. There are many detailed examples of this in elog entries from Rob and I over the past ~10 years. This bandstop should get clicked on automatically after lock acquisition.

  8212   Sat Mar 2 05:53:15 2013 yutaUpdateLSCstable lock of PRMI

I tuned alignment, gains and filters to achieve stable lock of PRMI.
It now locks quite stably with UGF of ~100 Hz. Measured power recycling gain at maximum is ~ 25.

Locking details:
  == PRMI carrier ==
  MICH: AS55_Q_ERR, AS55_PHASE_R = -12 deg,  MICH_GAIN = -1, feedback to ITMX(-1),ITMY(+1)
  PRCL: REFL55_I_ERR, REFL55_PHASE_R = 70 deg, PRCL_GAIN = 0.3, feedback to PRM

  MICH servo is always on. PRCL loop turns on by trigger using POP DC. Boost filters and resonant gains turn on by triggers using POP DC.
  Gain normalization was not used.

Openloop transferfunctions:

  MICH: UGF ~90 Hz, phase margin ~40 deg
  PRCL: UGF ~100 Hz, phase margin ~50 deg (cf. Fitted gain was same as half-PRC: elog #8053)

Power recycling gain:

  POP DC when unlocked is 6, when locked is 2200-2500, and when dark is 0. So, power recycling gain is ~ 22 to 25. Value without any loss in PRMI is 45 (elog #6947). Alignment was pretty critical to achieve this recycling gain and stable lock.
  There was oscillation at 630 Hz when locked, which is similar to the one we saw in POX11 (elog #8203).


AS(top left), POP(top right), REFL(bottom left), and ETMYT(bottom right). ETMY was mis-aligned, but you can see the beam at ETMYT after PRMI was carrier locked.

MICH/PRCL coupling:

  I measured "sensing matrix" of PRMI by tickling PRM/ITMs/BS at 8.5 Hz and measuring 8.5 Hz peak height of AS55_Q, REFL55_I spectra during PRMI lock (attached is an example measurement of PRM). Below table is the result. AS55_Q has ~5% of sensitivity to PRCL compared with MICH. Also, BS introduces REFL55_I signal considerably. And also, there seems to be an imbalance in actuation efficiency between ITMX and ITMY.

actuation AS55_Q_ERR   REFL55_I_ERR
ITMX      +11.4        +0.80
ITMY      +33.0        +1.06
BS        +50.8        +1.90
PRM       - 0.7        +1.05

AS clipping:
  AS was clipped inside the vaccuum the other day(elog #8198). So, I tried to avoid AS clipping by aligning BS this morning. But it turned out that avoiding AS clipping by BS makes ITMX beam centering worse. Maybe we should center the beam on Yarm first next week.

 - calculate expected PRMI recycling gain with loss, PR2 filpped
 - beam centering on the arms
    - IPANG, IPPOS, Y green, X green
    - PRMI g-factor measurement

Attachment 3: PRMtoAS55REFL55.png
  8213   Sat Mar 2 14:52:02 2013 ranaUpdateLSCstable lock of PRMI

  Whereas the sensing matrix coefficients for ITMX/ITMY in REFL_I indicate an actuation imbalance, the disparity in the ITMX/ITMY to AS_Q elements does not. However, they do indicate why there is a PRM to AS_Q coupling at all.

I would recommend setting up the triggering so that the REFL & AS whitening is turned on AFTER lock acquisition and using a frequency of ~100-300 Hz for the sensing matrix measurement to fix these issues.

  8215   Sun Mar 3 22:16:46 2013 JenneUpdateLSCLSC whitening triggering started

[Jenne, Annalisa]

We have started working on writing the c-code to parse the LSC input matrix, to see which PD is used for what degree of freedom, and to output a trigger for the PD.  The code is in ..../isc/c1/src, and there is a little block in the LSC code to the left of the triggering stuff.  Right now, the output of the c-code just goes to some temporary EPICS channels, so that we can see if things are working before we actually implement it.  At this time, there is no change to how the LSC model runs.

I can't figure out a bug in my c-code though.  Right now it's all commented out, so that the LSC model would start, but if I try to sum all of the elements in an array, the model compiles fine, but it won't start running.  I'm going to ask Jamie about it tomorrow.  I have a less-tidy backup plan if we can't get this figured out.

If I have time on the IFO to check that this works tomorrow, I expect another few hours of work (2?  3?), and then we'll have whitening filter triggering.

  8217   Mon Mar 4 09:55:33 2013 ranaUpdateLSCLSC whitening triggering started

  How about posting a logic flow diagram? Is the idea to trigger only on the power signals to determine the lock state? Is the hysteresis going to be done in the same way as the main filter bank triggers?

  8230   Tue Mar 5 06:27:14 2013 yutaUpdateLSCintra-cavity power dependence on mirror misalignment

I measured intra-cavity power dependance on mirror misalignment.
Intra-cavity power of PRC in PRMI degrates roughly 20 % when there's 0.5 mrad 5 urad misalignment. (edited by YM)
Currently, PRMI lock is not so stable, so it is hard to do this measurement and error bars are huge.

Measurement method:
  0. Align the cavity and lock.
  1. Misalign one optic and measure oplev output value and intra-cavity power.
  2. Also, dither the optic in pitch or yaw in 8.5 Hz and get demodulated amplitudes at 8.5 Hz of oplev output and intra-cavity power using tdsdmd.
  3. Misalign the optic again and do the same things.

  1. gives intra-cavity power dependence on mirror misalignment directly, but 2. should give better S/N because of dithering.

  /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/dither/dithergfactor.py does these things, and ./plotgfactor.py plots the result.
  They work quite well, but it should be made better so that

  - it checks if the cavity is locked
  - automatically change the oplev calibration factor for each optic
  - automatically adjusts the region and modulation amplitude
  - read data with better error evaluation


PRMI alignment:
  Y green looks like it drifted quite a lot somehow. If we start aligning Yarm to Y green, we get AS and POP beam at different spot on camera compared with last week. Also, TRY and TRX only goes as high as ~0.7. Since we have A2L now (elog #8229), let's start using Yarm spot positions as input pointing reference.

PRMI locking details:
  Same as in elog #8212, but I changed gains in the lock acquisition mode.

  == PRMI carrier ==
  MICH: AS55_Q_ERR, AS55_PHASE_R = -12 deg,  MICH_GAIN = -0.2, feedback to ITMX(-1),ITMY(+1)
  PRCL: REFL55_I_ERR, REFL55_PHASE_R = 70 deg, PRCL_GAIN = 1.0, feedback to PRM

  I made gainx5 in LSC_MICH filter bank so that it increases the overall gain when locked by trigger.
  I also made gainx0.3 in LSC_PRCL filter bank so that it reduces the overall gain when locked by trigger.

Result for PRC in PRMI:
  For PRMI, I couldn't done dithering method because dithering takes time to measure and I could not hold PRMI locking during the measurement.
  Below is the result when reading just the DC values. Mirror angle is calibrated by oplev (elog #8221). Error bars are huge because of beam motion mainly in yaw.

PRM in pitch: PRM_PIT_20130305a.png    PRM in yaw:PRM_YAW_20130305b.png

Results for the arms:
  For the arms, I could do both in DC and dithering. Below are the results, but ITMs misalignments are not calibrated because we don't have calibrated oplev yet.
  Results for the arms can be used to verify this method because we know g-factors of the arms from mode scan.

ITMX in yaw: ITMX_YAW_20130305.png    ITMY in yaw: ITMY_YAW_20130305.png

By the way:
  I found C1:SUS-ITMY_LSC_GAIN is somehow set to be 2.895 recently. I think this should be 1.0. Maybe this is why we had actuation imbalance in ITMs(elog #8212).

 - more stable lock
 - calibrate ITM oplevs to apply this method to the arms
 - derive g-factor from these measurements
 - measure PRM angular motion spectra using calibrated oplev

  8234   Tue Mar 5 18:36:27 2013 JenneUpdateLSCLSC whitening triggering started

More effort at debugging the LSC whitening. 

Today I tried moving things over to the c1tst model, which runs on the y-end computer, but I crashed c1iscey.  I rebuilt the TST model to a known good state, then cycled the power on c1iscey, and the computer came back up fine. 

I have now backed off and am just writing the code inside a little wrapper script, so that I can just compile and test the code completely independent from the realtime system.  Then once I get all the bugs out, I can try again installing on the actual system.

Still, there are no changes to the functionality of the c1lsc model.  There will not be until I get the c-code for matrix parsing debugged.

The logic, in non-diagram form (I'll make a diagram, but so you can read without waiting):

*** C-code

* Inputs is an array of degree of freedom triggers, the same schmidt triggers used for main LSC locking. (This means it also uses the same thresholds as main triggers.  Side note, now that the WAIT command (see below) works, I want to change the filter module triggers to use the same main trigger, and then just wait a specified time before turning on.)

* Parse the LSC input matrix (internal to the c-code).

     * This tells you which photodiode is being used to control which degree of freedom.

* Multiply rows of the LSC input matrix by the degree of freedom triggers (the same trigger as the main LSC triggers, which is a schmidt trigger).

     * This gives a matrix, where non-zero elements indicate that a photodiode is supposed to be used for a degree of freedom, AND that DoF has been triggered (is locked or has flashed).

* Sum along the columns of the matrix.

     * If a column has a non-zero element, that means that that PD quadrature is used, and has been triggered (by any DoF).

* Apply OR to I and Q quadratures of each PD. 

      * Since the phase rotation happens after whitening and dewhitening, if either I_ERR or Q_ERR is requested (used and triggered), we need to turn on the whitening for both channels.  I am hopeful that this doesn't cause problems for cases when we want to use both quadratures of a PD to control 2 degrees of freedom, but I haven't yet put much thought into it.  COMMENTS WELCOME on this point.

*  Output of c-block is array of PD triggers.  So if either AS11I or AS11Q is triggered, output a "1" for the first element, which corresponds to AS11, etc.

*** LSC model

* Give GoTo/From flag for each DoF trigger to the mux of inputs.

* Go through c-code

* Demux outputs into GoTo/From flags, one per PD (one flag for AS11, one for AS55, and one for ASDC...DC elements count separately, even though they're derived from the same physical PD).

* For each PD, trigger flag goes through WAIT c-code

   * This allows you to define a wait time, in seconds, with an EPICS variable. 

   * Starts counting the wait time as soon as it receives a "1".  Resets counter each time it receives a "0".

    * Output of wait function is ANDed with the current (non-delayed) trigger.

         * This allows for cavity to flash, but if it's not still locked after the wait time, don't actually flip any switches.

* Use delayed ANDed trigger to flip the FM1 switch on both the I and Q filterbank for that PD.

  8235   Tue Mar 5 23:00:08 2013 yutaUpdateLSCYarm and PRC g-factor from misalignment measurement

I fitted intra-cavity power dependance on mirror misalignment plot with parabola to get the g-factor.

  Y arm (tangential) g = 0.44 +0.01 -0.01  (measured value before was 0.3765 +/- 0.003 elog #6938)
  PRC (sagittal)       g = 0.97 +0.01 -0.04 (expected value is 0.939 elog #8068)
  PRC (tangential)   g = 0.96 +0.02 -0.05 (expected value is 0.966 elog #8068)

Error bars are just statistical errors from the fitting. Estimated systematic error is ~0.04 (or more).
Here, I assumed PR2/PR3 to be flat to make the calculation simple. I assumed PRC to be curved PRM - flat ITM cavity, and Y arm to be curved ETMY - flat ITMY cavity.

g-factor calculation:
  Intra-cavity power decrease can be written as

dP/P = (dx/w0)**2 + (dt/a0)**2

where dx and dt are translation and tilt of the beam axis introduced by mirror misalignment. w0 is waist size and a0 is divergence angle (= lamb/(pi*w0)).

  When considering a flat-curved cavity with cavity length L, dx and dt can be expressed as;

(dx)    1  ( L*g     L ) (a2)
(  ) = --- (           )*(  )
(dt)   1-g ( -(1-g)  0 ) (a1)

using misalignments of mirrors(a1,a2). Here, mirror1 is curved, and mirror2 is flat. See Kakeru document /users/OLD/kakeru/oplev_calibration/oplev.pdf for derivation.

  So, power decrease by flat mirror misalignment can be expressed as

dP/P = pi*L/lamb * g/(1-g)/sqrt(g*(1-g)) * a2**2

  For curved mirror is

dP/P = pi*L/lamb * 1/(1-g)/sqrt(g*(1-g)) * a1**2

  We can derive g-factor by measuring dP dependance on a1/a2.

  My script lives in /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/dither/gfactormeasurement/plotgfactor.py.
  It least fitts data with parabola (scipy.optimize.leastsq) and gets g-factor value from bisection (scipy.optimize.bisect).

  Below are the plots of fitted curves.


Systematic effect:
  [oplev calibration] We noticed QPD rotation when calibration oplevs (elog #8232). ~5 deg of rotation makes 10% of systematic error to the oplev calibration and this introduces ~0.04 of error to g-factor values. This

  [oplev linear range] Oplev linear range is ~100 urad, so this is OK.

  [assumption of flat PR2/PR3] Result here doesn't tell you g-factor of PRM itself, but some "effective g-factor" of PRM/PR2/PR3 combination. We can compare with FINESSE result.

  [intra-cavity power drift] If there's significant intra-cavity power drift during the measurement, if effects parabola fitting. We can make this affect small by sweeping the mirror alignment in both direction and take average.

By the way:
  I kept getting PRC g-factor of something like 0.999999 because I had power normalization mistake in my calculation. My script worked for Yarm because TRY is already normalized.
  Also, I was multiplying the oplev calibration factor wrong last night (see elog #8230).

  - Compare with FINESSE result.
  - Is this g-factor enough? Is this presicion enough? Calculate from mirror angluar motion.
  - More stable lock of PRMI.
  - Try dithering method to measure g-factor to check consistency and also to study systematic effect.

  8237   Wed Mar 6 02:46:20 2013 ManasaUpdateLSCPRMI locking for g-factor measurement

 [Yuta, Manasa]

PRMI alignment procedure for carrier locking has been kept the same except that a couple of issues that have persisted are now taken care of.

We were able to keep PRMI locked for over a minute (POPDC measures 2200) .

1. Trigger levels to MICH and PRCL for PRMI locking have been changed
Whenever we enabled LSC controls to lock PRMI, ITMY moves haphazard if PRM is not aligned. This is because of the low trigger levels of POPDC which keeps MICH triggered all the time while we align PRM. Increasing POPDC trigger (Upper level : 1000 and Lower level:20) for both MICH and PRCL solved this problem and resulted in a more stable ITMY. Also this has stabilized locking greatly if the alignment is fair enough.

Quoting Yuta's elog "  I found C1:SUS-ITMY_LSC_GAIN is somehow set to be 2.895 recently. I think this should be 1.0. Maybe this is why we had actuation imbalance in ITMs(elog #8212)."
This has been reset to 1.0 and it has not affected PRMI locking.


1. Filter module (FM1) on PRCL and MICH show significant delay while enabling and disabling.

2. I tried to fix PMC alignment (PMC trans was 0.76). I was not able to get PMC trans more than 0.79.
PMC has been this way since yesterday.

3. MICH is still bright when locked (ASDC_OUT reads 0.08 for dark and 2.0 for bright). We suspect it is because of the AS55_I error offset that persists even after running LSCoffsets script.

4. PRMI shows some dither at 3Hz when locked.

  8239   Wed Mar 6 09:44:29 2013 KojiUpdateLSCPRMI locking for g-factor measurement

- What about normalizing POPDC to indicate the carrier recycling gain?

- When you align the PMC, confirm FSS SLOW DC is around zero. Some region of the slow thermal actuation makes the laser source emit at multiple frequencies. In the case, the cavity visibility get worse.

- Do you guys think we can determine if the TT is longitudinally quiet enough? Is there any comparison between the simple Michelson and the PRC motion in m/rtHz?

  8242   Wed Mar 6 18:14:33 2013 ManasaSummaryLSCCalibration of BS, ITMX and ITMY actuators

[Yuta, Manasa]

Measured actuator response between 50Hz and 200 Hz in (m/counts).

BS     = (20.7 +/- 0.1)    x 10 -9 / f2

ITMX = (4.70 +/- 0.02) 
x 10 -9/ f2

ITMY = (4.66 +/- 0.02)
x 10 -9/ f2

Actuator response differs by 30% for all the 3 mirrors from the previous measurements made by Kiwamu in 2011.

Calibration of BS, ITMX and ITMY actuators

We calibrated the actuators using the same technique as in Kiwamu's elog.

A) Measure MICH error

1. Locked Y-arm and X-arm looking at TRY and TRX.
2. Misaligned ETMs
3. Measured  MICH error using ASDC and AS55_Q err (MICH_OFFSET = 20 - to compensate for offset in AS_Qerr which exists even after resetting LSC offsets)


B) Open loop transfer function for MICH control

1. Measured the transfer function between C1:LSC-MICH_IN1 and C1:LSC-MICH_IN2 by exciting on  C1:LSC-MICH_EXC.
MICH filter modules used for measurements(0:1 , 2000:1, ELP50). ELP50 used so that actuation signals above 50 Hz are not suppressed.


C) Calibration of BS/ ITMX/ ITMY actuators

1. Measured transfer function between actuation channels on BS/ ITMX/ ITMY and C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR.


  8248   Thu Mar 7 01:43:35 2013 yutaUpdateLSCcalibrated MI differential length spectra

Free swing MI differential length is 86 nm RMS and residual length when locked is 0.045 nm RMS(in-loop).
Looks very quiet. Comparison with PRMI is the next step.

Openloop transfer function:
  OLTF of simple MI lock using AS55_Q_ERR as error signal and ITMs as actuators is below.
  UGF ~ 90 Hz, phase margin ~ 40deg
  I added 16 Hz resonant gain to suppress bounce mode.

MI differential length spectra:
  Below. Calibration was done using calibrated AS55_Q_ERR and actuator response(elog #8242)

  Expected free swing is calculated using

x_free = (1+G)/G * A * fb

where G is openloop transfer function, A is actuator response, fb is feedback signal(C1:LSC_ITMX/Y_IN1) spectrum. I used A as simple pendulum with resonant frequency at 1 Hz, Q = 5. Since free swing RMS is dominated by this resonance, RMS depends on this Q assumption.

  8255   Fri Mar 8 02:17:04 2013 yutaUpdateLSCcalibration of PRM actuator

[Manasa, Yuta]

We measured AC response of PRM actuator using PRM-ITMY cavity.
Result is

PRM:  (19.6 +/- 0.3) x 10^{-9} (Hz/f)^2 m/counts

It is almost the same as in 2011 (elog #5583). We took the same procedure as what Kiwamu did.

What we did:
  1. Aligned PRMI in usual procedure, mis-aligned ITMX and locked PRM-ITMY cavity using REFL55_Q_ERR. POP DC was about 18 when locked.

  2. Made UGF of PRM-ITMY cavity lock at 10 Hz and introduced elliptic LPF at 50 Hz(OLTF below).

  3. Measured transfer function from C1:LSC_ITMY_EXC to C1:LSC_REFL55_Q_ERR. Dividing this by ITMY actuator response(measured in elog #8242) gives calibration of REFL55_Q.

  4. Measured transfer function from C1:LSC_PRM_EXC to C1:LSC_REFL55_Q_ERR to calibrate PRM actuator.

  Calibration factor for REFL55_Q for PRM-ITMY cavity was (1.37 +/- 0.02) x 10^9 counts/m (plot below). Error is mainly from statistical error of the average.

  Measured AC response (50-200 Hz) of PRM is below.

  - Measure free-run length spectrum of PRM-ITMY cavity and compare with MICH free-run.

  8256   Fri Mar 8 03:07:19 2013 yutaUpdateLSCcalibrated PRM-ITMY length spectra

Measured free swing PRM-ITMY length was 230 nm RMS.
MI differential length was 85 nm RMS(elog #8248). This tells you that PR2, PR3 are not so noisy compared with usual suspensions.

Openloop transfer function:
  OLTF of PRM-ITMY cavity lock using REFL55_Q_ERR as error signal and PRM as actuator is below.
  UGF ~ 120 Hz, phase margin ~ 50 deg.
  Somehow, phase delay was 460 usec, which is smaller than the empirical value 550 usec.

PRM-ITMY length spectra:
  Below. Calibration was done using calibrated REFL55_Q_ERR and actuator response(elog #8255).

  8332   Fri Mar 22 19:46:29 2013 KojiSummaryLSCDiode impedance test result

I've tested Perkin-Elmer InGaAs PDs at OMC Lab.

- The diode impedances were measured with the impedance measurement kit. Reverse bias of 5V was used.

- Diode characteristics were measured between 10MHz and 100MHz.

- 4-digit numbers are SN marked on the can

- Ls and Rs are the series inductance and resistance

- Cd is the junction capacitance.

- i.e. Series LCR circuit o--[Cd]--[Ls]--[Rs]--o

C30665GH, Ls ~ 1nH

0782 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.3Ohm, Cd=219.9pF
1139 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=9.9Ohm, Cd=214.3pF
0793 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.5Ohm, Cd=212.8pF

C30642G, Ls ~ 12nH

2484 EG&G, Rs=12.0Ohm, Cd=99.1pF
2487 EG&G, Rs=14.2Ohm, Cd=109.1pF
2475 EG&G glass crack, Rs=13.5Ohm, Cd=91.6pF
6367 ?, Rs=9.99Ohm, Cd=134.7pF
1559 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.37Ohm, Cd=94.5pF
1564 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=7.73Ohm, Cd=94.5pF
1565 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.22Ohm, Cd=95.6pF
1566 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.25Ohm, Cd=94.9pF
1568 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=7.83Ohm, Cd=94.9pF
1575 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.32Ohm, Cd=100.5pF

C30641GH, Perkin Elmer, Ls ~ 12nH

8983 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.19Ohm, Cd=25.8pF
8984 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.39Ohm, Cd=25.7pF
8985 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.60Ohm, Cd=25.2pF
8996 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.02Ohm, Cd=25.7pF
8997 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.35Ohm, Cd=25.8pF
8998 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=7.89Ohm, Cd=25.5pF
9000 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.17Ohm, Cd=25.7pF


Note:  Calculated Ls&Rs of straight wires
  1mm Au wire with dia. 10um -> 1nH, 0.3 Ohm
20mm BeCu wire with dia. 460um -> 18nH, 0.01 Ohm

  8375   Fri Mar 29 19:23:49 2013 Gabriele, JenneFrogsLSCAnalog whitening filter of REFL55 not switching

We discovered that the analog whitening filter of the REFL55_I board is not switching when we operate the button on the user interface. We checked with the Stanford analyzer that the transfer function always correspond to the whitening on.

The digital one is actually switching. We decided to keep the digital de-whitening on to compensate for the analog one. Otherwise we get a very bad shape of the PDH signal. Sorry Rana...

  8376   Fri Mar 29 19:56:02 2013 GabrieleMetaphysicsLSCLock of PRMI on sidebands

I finally managed to get long stretches of PRMI lock, up to many minutes. The lock is not yest very stable, it seems to me that we are limited by some yaw oscillation that I could not trace down. The oscillation is very well visible on POP.

Presently, PRCL is controlled with REFL55_I, while MICH is controlled with AS55_Q. This configuration is maybe not optimal from the point of view of phase noise couplings, but at least it works quite well. I believe that the limit on the length of locks is given by the angular oscillation. I attach to this entry few plots showing some of the lock stretches. The alignment is not optimal, as visible from a quite large TEM01 mode at the dark port.

Here are the parameters I used:

MICH gain -10   PRCL gain -0.1

Normalization of both error signal on POP22_I with factor 0.004

Triggering on POP22: in at 100, out at 20 for both MICH and PRCL.

POP55 demodulation phase -9

MICH and PRCL control signal limits at 2000 counts


There is a high frequency (628 Hz) oscillation going on when locked (very annoying on the speakers...), but reducing the gain made the lock less stable. I could go down to MICH=-1.5 and PRCL=-0.02, still being able to acquire the lock. But the oscillation was still there. I suspect that it is not due to the loops, but maybe some resonance of the suspension or payload (violin mode?). There is still some room for fine tuning...

Lock is acquired without problems and maintained for minutes.

Have a nice week-end!

Attachment 1: lock_prmi5.pdf
Attachment 2: lock_prmi6.pdf
Attachment 3: lock_prmi7.pdf
Attachment 4: oscillation.pdf
Attachment 5: lock_prmi8.pdf
  8377   Fri Mar 29 19:58:24 2013 Gabriele, JenneFrogsLSCAnalog whitening filter of REFL55 not switching


We discovered that the analog whitening filter of the REFL55_I board is not switching when we operate the button on the user interface. We checked with the Stanford analyzer that the transfer function always correspond to the whitening on.

The digital one is actually switching. We decided to keep the digital de-whitening on to compensate for the analog one. Otherwise we get a very bad shape of the PDH signal. Sorry Rana...

 I forgot to say that the analog gain of the REFL55 channels has been reduced to 9db

  8378   Sun Mar 31 17:26:32 2013 ranaUpdateLSCLock of PRMI on sidebands


 Our first move has to be fixing the whitening switching for REFL55. That's the configuration we need to start and then move onto REFL165 to get to FPPRMI.

  8379   Mon Apr 1 09:05:09 2013 Jenne, GabrieleConfigurationLSCPOP22 configuration

On Friday we modified the POP22 set up: now the PD output goes to a bias tee. The DC output goes to the ADC board, while the RF output goes to an amplifier (Mini-circuits ZFL-1000LN+), to a band pass filter at 21.4 MHz and then to the ADC

  8380   Mon Apr 1 09:25:35 2013 JenneMetaphysicsLSCLock of PRMI on sidebands

[Gabriele, Jenne]

I put a notch in FM10 for both MICH and PRCL at 628Hz, to try to prevent us from exciting the mode that Gabriele saw on Friday.  Since those filter banks were all full, I have removed an ELP50 (ellip("LowPass",4,1,40,50)).  I write it down here, so we can put it back if so desired.

  8383   Mon Apr 1 16:24:09 2013 JamieFrogsLSCPD whitening switching fixed (loose connection at break-out box)


We discovered that the analog whitening filter of the REFL55_I board is not switching when we operate the button on the user interface. We checked with the Stanford analyzer that the transfer function always correspond to the whitening on.

This turned out to just be a loose connection of the ribbon cable from Contec board in the LSC IO chassis at the BIO break-out box.  The DSUB connector at the break-out box was not strain relieved!  I reseated the connector and strain relieved it and now everything is switching fine.



I wonder if we'll ever learn to strain relieve...

  8387   Tue Apr 2 10:22:37 2013 Rana, Gabriele, JenneUpdateLSCPRMI lock

We locked the PRMI, this time really on the sidebands, using the two REFL55 signals.

Here are the parameters: triggering on POP22_I in at 140, out at 20. No normalization. MICH gain -0.15, PRCL gain 0.1

It seems that the lock is not very stable. It seems likely to come from some large angular motion of one of the mirrors. We'll need to calibrate the optical lever signals to understand which one is moving too much.


Attachment 1: lock_prmi_sb.pdf
  8388   Tue Apr 2 11:08:16 2013 KojiUpdateLSCPRMI lock

> The two REFL55 signals

Wow! It's a good news.
I think this is our first ever lock of PRMI with the REFL I/Q signals.

We kept having difficulty to obtain MICH from the REFL beam.

Next time could you make calibration of REFL55 MICH and AS55 MICH and compare the ratio with any simulation?

  8397   Tue Apr 2 23:14:02 2013 ranaUpdateLSC22/110MHz path for POP


We could not find a power supply slot for the amplifiers on the LSC rack. We had to put a temporary power supply in contradiction to our 'no temporary power supply' policy.

 After 1 month, its hard to imagine that this could not have been fixed by putting in a proper fuse and fuse block. I will remove this tomorrow if I still find it this way in the bottom of the rack.

There are also 2 Sorensen switching supplies in the bottom of the LSC rack (with all of our sensitive demod boards). These should also be moved over to the old 'digital' LSC rack tomorrow for the post meeting lab cleanup.

Use fuse blocks with fuses with appropriate ampacity.

  8401   Wed Apr 3 14:46:17 2013 GabrieleSummaryLSCError signal simulation in PRMI

Here is a summary of a simulation of the error signal behavior in the PRMI configuration. The main parameters are:
L_PRC = 6.7538 m
Schnup = 0.0342 m
fmod1 = 11.065399e6 Hz
fmod2 = 5 * fmod1


These two plots shows the response of the POP22 and POP110 signals (in almost arbitrary units) to a PRCL sweep around the resonance. The splitting of the 55 sideband peaks is well visible in the second plot. It is due to the fact that the 55MHz sidebands are not perfectly matched to the PRC length


The same thing when sweeping MICH. The peaks are wider and it is not possible to see the splitting.


These are the error signals (REFL11_I/Q and REFL_55_I/Q) as a function of the PRCL (left) and MICH (right) sweep. Here the demodulation phases are not properly tuned. This is just to show that when the phase is wrong, you can get multiple zero crossings (in this case only in the Q signals, but in general also in I) close to resonance.


If the phases are tuned in order to maximize the slope of the I signals with respect to PRCL, one gets these "optimized phase" responses. It is that the phase does not correspond to the one that makes the PRCL peak to peak signal small in Q. The Q signals are indeed flat around resonance for a PRCL motion, but they deviate quite a lot from zero when moving more far from resonance. Moreover, both the REFL_55 error signals (I for PRCL and Q for MICH) are crossing again zero at two additional positions, but those are quite far from the resonance point.


These plots just show the PRCL and MICH error signals together with the POP22 and POP110 signals, to give an idea of the level of triggering that might be needed to be inside the linear range. It seems that if we trigger on POP22 when using the REFL55 signal we loose a bit of linear range, but not that much.


If you reached this point it means you're really interested in this topic, or maybe you have nothing better to do... However, this plot shows the effect of linearization of the error signal, obtained dividing them by the proper POP22/110 signal. The linear range is increased, but unfortunately for the 55 signals, the additional zero crossing I was mentioning before creates two sharp features. Those are however quite outside the triggering region, so they should not be harmful.

Attachment 1: prmi_michsweep_pop22.png
Attachment 2: prmi_michsweep_pop110.png
  8411   Thu Apr 4 10:12:55 2013 GabrieleSummaryLSCPOP22 and POP110

I had a look at the POP110 signal, with the PRMI flashing.

1) The LSCoffset script does not zero any more POP22_I_ERR offset. I did it by hand

2) The gain of POP22 is changed a lot, as well as the sign: now sidebands are resonant when POP22_I is negative

3) POP110 seems to deliver good signals. The plot attached shows that when we cross the sideband resonance, there is a clear splitting of the peak. If we rely on the simulations I posted in entry 8401, the full width at half height of the POP_22 peak is of the order of 5 nm. Using this as a calibration, we find a splitting of the order of 7 nm, which is not far from the simulated one (5 nm)

Attachment 1: pop110_2.pdf
  8412   Thu Apr 4 10:32:42 2013 GabrieleSummaryLSCREFL55 error signals

The attached plot shows that also the behaviour of the REFL11 and 55 signals is qualitatively equal to the simulation outcome.

Attachment 1: prmi_refl_signals.pdf
  8413   Thu Apr 4 10:46:54 2013 KojiSummaryLSCREFL55 error signals

Beautiful double peaks. I don't see the triple zero-crossings. Is this because you adjusted the phase correctly (as predicted)?

Don't you want to have a positive number for POP22? Should we set the demod phase in the configuration script for the positive POP22, shouldn't we?

  8462   Thu Apr 18 19:54:11 2013 JenneUpdateLSCLSC whitening triggering working

I have implemented automatic triggered switching of the analog whitening (and digital dewhitening). 

The trigger is the same as the degree of freedom trigger.  On the LSC RFPD screen there is a space to enter the amount of time (in seconds) you would like to wait between receiving a trigger and actually having the whitening filter switch. 

The trigger logic is as follows: 

* For each column of the LSC input matrix (e.g. AS11 I), check if there is a non-zero element.  If there is a non-zero element (indicating that we are using that PD as the error signal for a degree of freedom), check if the corresponding DoF has been triggered.  Repeat for all columns of the matrix. 

* If either the I or the Q signal from a single PD is being used, send a trigger in the direction of the PD signal conditioning / phase rotation blocks.  (Since the whitening happens before the phase rotation, we want to have the whitening state be the same for both the I and Q signals coming from the demod boards.

* Before actually changing the whitening state, wait for the amount of time indicated on the RFPD overview screen.

* Switch the digital dewhitening.  If the digital dewhitening is on, send a bit over to the binary I/O to switch the analog whitening on.




This required changing the LSC RF_PD library part so that you can send the trigger to the filter bank from outside that part..  This part is in use by all LSC models, so I'll make sure the LLO people are aware of this change before I commit it to the svn.



While I was working on the LSC model, I also put in a wait between the time that the filter module trigger is received, and when it actually switches the filter modules.  So far, this time is defined for a whole filter bank (so all filters for a given DoF still switch at the same time).  If I need to go back and make the timing individual for each filter module, I can do that.  This new EPICS variable (the WAIT) defaults to zero seconds, so the functionality will not change for anyone who uses this part.


These changes also require 2 pieces of c-code:  {userapps}/cds/common/src/wait.c and {userapps}/isc/c1/src/inmtrxparse.c

  8491   Thu Apr 25 10:19:10 2013 KojiSummaryLSCLocking activity on Apr 24th

Last night I worked on the several locking configurations:

General preparations / AS table inspection

- The AS beam looked clipped. I went to the AP table and confirmed this is a clipping in the chamber.
  This may be fixed by the invacuum PZTs.

Modulation frequency tuning

RFPD Mon of the MC demodulator was check with the RF analyzer. Minimized the 25.8MHz (=55.3-29.5MHz) peak by changing the marconi freq.
This changed the modulation freq from 11.066147MHz to 11.066134MHz. This corresponds to the change of the MC round-trip length from
27.090952m to 27.090984m (32um longer).

Michelson tests

- I wonder why I could not see good Michelson signal at REFL ports.

- I roughly aligned the Michelson. On the AP table, the RF analyzer was connected to the REFL11 RF output.
  By using "MAX HOLD" function of the analyzer, I determined that the maximum output of the 11.07MHz peak
  was -61.5dBm.

- I went to the demodboard rack. I injected -61dBm from DS345 into the RFEL11 demodboard. This produced
  clean sinusoidal wave with the amplitude of 4 count. The whitening gain was 0dB.

- The output from the PD cable was -64.0dBm. So there is ~2.5dB loss in the cable. Despite this noise, the demodulation
  system should be sufficiently low noise. i.e. the issue is optical

- The Michelson was locked with AS55Q. And the REFL11 error signals were checked.Fringe like feature was there.
  This suggested the scattering from the misaligned PRM. The PRM was further misaligned. Then some reasonable
  (yet still noisy) Michelson signal appeared. (Usual misaligned PRM is not at the right place)

  Q. How much scattering noise (spurious cavity between PRM and the input optics) do we have when the PRM is aligned?
  Q. Where should we put the glass beam dumps in the input optics?
  Q. Can we prepare "safe" misaligned place for the PRM with the beam dump?

- The Michelson was locked with REFL11Q. From the transfer function measurement, the gain difference between AS55Q (whitening gain 24dB)
  and REFL11Q was 32dB. The whitening gain was 0dB. In fact I could not lock the Michelson with the whitening gain 33dB (saturation???)
  The element in the Input matrix was 1, The gain of the servo was +100. BS was actuated.

Coupled cavity tests

- At least REFL11 is producing reasonable signals. So what about the other REFL ports? The Michelson signals in the other frequencies
  were invisible. So I decided to use three-mirror coupled cavity with the loss PRC.

- Aligned X arm, Misaligned ETMX, ITMY. Aligned PRM.

- Locked the PRM-ITMX cavity with REFL11 and REFL33.

- Aligned ETMX. If I use REFL11I for the PRC locking, I could not lock the coupled cavity. But I could with REFL33I.
  This is somewhat familiar to me as this is the usual feature of the 3f signal.

- The coupled cavity could be locked "forever". To realize this I needed to tweak the normalization factor from 1.0 to 1.6.
  Q. How does the coupled cavity change the response of the cavity? Can we compensate it by something?
  Q. Measure open loop transfer functions to check if there is any issue in the servo shapes.

- Transmission during the lock is 3.2 while the nominal TRX with PRM misaligned was 0.93.
  This corresponds to power recycling gain of 0.17.

 - X arm:

    - Source: POX11I, phase 79.5 deg, whitening gain 36dB
    - Input matrix: POX11I->1.0->XARM, Normalization TRX*1.60
    - XARM servo gain +0.8, actuation ETMX
    - XARM trigger 0.25 up, 0.05 down. XARM Filter trigger untouched.

- PRC: (sideband locking)
    - Source: REFL33I, phase -34.05 deg, whitening gain 30dB
    - Input matrix: REFL33I->1.0->PRCL, Normalization None
    - PRCL servo gain +4.0, actuation PRM
    - PRCL trigger None

- Same test for the Y arm. At the moment ETMY did not have the OPLEV.
  Same level of transmission (~3.3)

 - Y arm:

    - Source: POY11I, phase -61.00 deg, whitening gain 36dB
    - Input matrix: POY11I->1.0->YARM, Normalization TRX*2.1
    - YARM servo gain +0.25, actuation ETMX
    - YARM trigger 0.25 up, 0.05 down. YARM Filter trigger untouched.

- PRC: (sideband locking)
    - same as above

Sideband PRMI attempt

    - Now I got some kind of confidence on the REFL33 signal.
    - So I tried to get any stable setup for sb PRMI, then to find any reasonable MICH signals anywhere else than AS55Q.
    - With REFL33I(PRCL) & AS55Q(MICH), I got maximum ~10sec lock. It regularly locked. It was enough long to check
      the spectrum on DTT. But it was not enough long to find anything about the MICH signals at the REFL ports.

    - I tried REFL33Q for MICH. The lock was even shorter but could lock for 1~2 sec.

    Q. What is the cause of the lock loss? I did not see too much angluar fluctuation. The actuation was also quiet (below 10000).

- PRCL: (sideband locking)
    - Same as above except for
      - the PRCL servo gain +0.05, No limitter at the servo output.
      - Trigger POP22I (low pass filtered by LP10) 20 up, 3 down

    - AS55Q -24.125 24dB -> x1.0 -> MICH -0.7, No limitter -> ITMX/Y differential
    - REFL33Q -34.05dB -> x2.0 -> MICH same as above
    - For both case, trigger POP22I (low pass filtered by LP10) 20 up, 3 down


At this point Jenne came back from dinner. Explained what I did and handed over the IFO.

  8498   Fri Apr 26 20:43:51 2013 JenneUpdateLSCRemeasuring the Schnupp asymmetry

[Jenne, Annalisa, with guidance from Koji]

We took data to remeasure the Schnupp asymmetry, using the Valera method that Jamie described in elog 4821

1  First, we locked the arms each with their PO(X,Y) signals, to get the alignment of each arm. 

2.  Then, we locked the Xarm with AS55I (Yarm optics, and PRM very misaligned, more than the misalign script).  Since AS55 was saturating, I changed the analog gain from 24dB to 21dB. (After work was completed, the analog gain was put back to the nominal 24dB for both I&Q.)

3.  We set up the Lockin similar to Jamie's description, with a few differences.  We used the same f = 103.1313, but used ampl=10cts.  Sin and cos gain were each 100.  We changed the lowpass filter from 0.1Hz to 0.05Hz (so each measurement had a settling time of at least 20sec).  We were using LSC-Lockin4, so the Lockin matrix was set so Lockin4 was reading from AS55Q, and the LSC output matrix was such that we were actuating on the ETM (X, then Y when we switched arms later).

4.  By hand, we roughly found the zero crossing of the lockin-q output (which corresponded also to zero of the lockin-I, since this is the place where all of the PDH signal was in AS55I, and the lockin was reading AS55Q). 

5.  We took points separated by 0.2 degrees, plus and minus 1 degree from the zero-crossing phase we had found (i.e., for the Xarm, we roughly found the zero crossing at -14.39 deg, so took data from -15.39 to -13.39degrees).  For each phase, we took 5 measurements (using ezcaread), at least 20 seconds apart.  After moving the phase, we waited at least ~40 seconds (watching the lockin outputs on striptool, they had completely settled after 30 or 40 seconds).

6.  We then repeated steps 2, 4 and 5 for the Y arm.  The lockin setup didn't change, except that now we actuate on ETMY.

We did a quick estimate calculation, from our rough zero-crossings to get a rough measurement of the Schnupp asymmetry.  DeltaPhi = (-14.39 -   -19.79) = 5.40 . This gives us (using F_sideband = 5*11066134, the current 11MHz marconi freq) a rough Schnupp asymmetry of 4 cm. 

Analysis to follow.

EDIT, JCD:  The Xarm gain at this time was -0.160, and the Yarm gain was -0.170

  8500   Sat Apr 27 00:21:06 2013 KojiUpdateLSCLocking activity on Apr 26th

When I talked with Den via phone, he recommended to use the trigger and normalization with POP110I.
So I decided to try this approach. Also I investigated how the REFL33 signals are useful.

I could find the state where the PRMI(sb) locks regularly, although the lock is ~1min at most.

whitening gain 30dB, -14.0deg (finely tuned in lock)
-> x1.0 -> Triggered by POP110I (20up, 1down)
-> Normalized by POP110I x0.04
-> Gain 0.2~0.12 FM3, 4, 5, 6 always on, no triggered FMs
-> PRM

whitening gain 30dB, -14.0deg (finely tuned in lock)
-> x1.0 -> Triggered by POP110I (20up, 1down)
-> Normalized by POP110I x0.04
-> Gain -20 FM4, 5 always on, no triggered FM
-> ITMX (-1.0) and ITMY (+1.0)

I needed to tune the phase very precisely to reach this state. Also the alignment of the michelson and PRM
was very crtiical to acquire the lock.

Later in the same night I was plagued by PRM alignment drift. It seems that the PRM alignment is bistable or
slightly drifting in pitch. I had to align PRM continuously. When the PRMI is locked, the alignment fluctuation
was mainly in yaw. This was as people commented before.

Attachment 1: Screenshot.png
  8501   Sat Apr 27 00:29:40 2013 KojiUpdateLSCLSCoffset script fixed

Prior to the locking trials...

scripts/LSC/LSCoffset script had behaved peculiarly:

This script spawns LSC/offset3 in order to remove the dark offset from the channels.
How ever the offsets had been nulled every other PDs
(i.e. The offsets REFL11 I&Q were nulled.
The offsets REFL33 I&Q had been left untouched
The offset REFL55 I&Q had been nulled
and so on.)

I found that the script run many instances of "offset3" scripts in background.
It seemed that tdsavg did not like too many averaging channels at once.

So the "&"s in the LSCoffsets were removed and now the script runs much more slowly,
but works for all of the PDs listed.

I think I have never seen the offsets in REFL33 and REFL165 nulled down to this level before.

  8508   Mon Apr 29 22:13:41 2013 KojiUpdateLSCLocking with ASDC

Today the locking was not as easy as that was last Friday.
So I tried something new. Today Rana talked about the ASDC locking with POPDC normalization.
This technique was tried. (This is somewhat similar to DC readout.)

Signal source: REFL33I / Normalization POP110I x 0.04 / Trigger POP110I 20up 3down, otherwise  untouched from Friday locking
Servo: input matrix 1.00 -> PRCL Servo FM3/4/5/6 Always ON G=+0.06
Actuator: output matrix 1.00 -> PRM

Signal source: ASDC Offset -109.5 (nominal of the day -49.5) / Normalization POPDC x 1.00 / Trigger POP110I 20up 3down
Servo: input matrix 1.00 -> MICH Servo FM5 Always On G=+10000
ActuaroL output matrix -1.00 -> ITMX / +1.00 -> ITMY


- POP110I was ~120 during the lock (cf 170 on Friday). So there is some small leakage from the dark port.

- Lock was easier when FM4 of the MICH loop was turned off.

- During the lock horizontal motion of the intracavity mode was visible as usual.


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