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ID Date Author Typeup Category Subject
  8021   Thu Feb 7 10:35:35 2013 yutaUpdateGeneralStore optics in respective cabinets

I'm not the one who opened the ITMX table yesterday, but thanks for reminding me.
I put POP DC oscilloscope and its cables back.

Also, I relocked PMC and MC. It was unlocked since last night.

  8023   Thu Feb 7 14:10:25 2013 ManasaUpdateOpticsLaserOptik - AR Reflectivity - Bad data

Reflectivity of AR surface of LaserOptik (SN6)


The first step measurements of R for AR surface. I am not convinced with the data....because the power meter is a lame detector for this measurement.

I'm repeating the measurements again with PDs. But below is the log R plot for AR surface.

R percentage

6000ppm @ 42 deg
3560ppm @ 44 deg
7880ppm @ 46 deg
4690ppm @ 48 deg



  8024   Thu Feb 7 15:46:42 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPR2 flipped

More correctly, a different G&H mirror (which we have a phase map for) was put into the PR2 TT, backwards.

Order of operations:

* Retrieve flat test G&H from BS chamber.  Put 4th dog clamp back on BS optic's base.

* Remove flat G&H from the DLC mount, put the original BS that was in that mount back.  Notes:  That BS had been stored in the G&H's clean optic box.  The DLC mount is engraved with the info for that BS, so it makes sense to put it back.  The DLC mount with BS is now back in a clean storage box.

* Remove PR2 TT from ITMX chamber.

* Remove suspension mounting block from TT frame, lay out flat, magnets up, on lint-free cloth on top of foil.

* Remove former PR2 G&H optic.

* Put what was the flat G&H test optic into the PR2 optic holder, with AR surface at the front.

* Put PR2 suspension block back onto TT frame.

* Put PR2 assembly back in the chamber, solidly against the placement reference blocks that Evan put in last Thursday.

* Close up, clean up, put labels on all the boxes so we know what optic is where.


Why the switcho-changeo?  We have a phase map for the G&H that is the new PR2, and a measured RoC of -706m, surface rms of 8.7nm.  Now, we can measure the former PR2 and see how it compares to our estimate of the RoC from the cavity measurements we've taken recently.

  8026   Thu Feb 7 17:24:13 2013 SteveUpdateSAFETYfire extinguishers checked

The fire department weighted and pressure checked our units today. Surprisingly they found one powder filled can. We can only use HALON  gas in the lab.


  8027   Thu Feb 7 19:24:57 2013 RijuUpdate Photodiode transimpedance

 Summary: Measurement and plot of shot-noise-intercept-current for MC REFL PD. 

Motivation:It is to measure the shot noise intercept current for MC REFL PD.


Result: The final plot is attached here. The plot suggests that the value of shot-noise-intercept current is 1.9mA



The plot is for the measured data of Noise voltage (V/sqrt(Hz)) vs DCcurrent(A). The fitted plot to this measured data follows the noise equation

Vnoise = gdet* sqrt[ 2e (iDC+idet)] ,  where gdet= transimpedance of the PD in RF region ~600

To get an approximate idea of the shot noise intercept current, we may follow the same procedure described in 7946 

In the present case minimum noise value is 1.46e-08 V/sqrt(Hz)

Therefore dark current(in2) ~dark noise voltage/RF transimpedance ~25pA/sqrt(Hz)

Therefore the approximate shot noise intercept current value is (25/18)^2 ~ 1.92mA, which matches well to the fitted value.



Attachment 1: reflshotnoise.pdf
  8028   Thu Feb 7 19:25:22 2013 yutaUpdateCDSC1ALS filters reloaded

Filters for C1ALS were all gone. So, I copied /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/chans/C1GCV.txt and renamed it as C1ALS.txt.

I also fixed links in the medm screens; C1ALS.adl and C1ALS_COMPACT.adl.
I'm not sure what happened to C1SC{X,Y} screens.


I decided to rename the c1gcv model to be c1als.  This is in an ongoing effort to rename all the ALS stuff as ALS, and get rid of the various GC{V,X,Y} named stuff.


The above has been done.  Still todo:

  • FIX SCRIPTS!  There are almost certainly scripts that point to GC{V,X,Y} channels.  Those will have to be fixed as we come across them.
  • Fix the c1sc{x,y}/master/C1SC{X,Y}_GC{X,Y}_SLOW.adl screens.  I need to figure out a more consistent place for those screens.
  • Fix the C1ALS_COMPACT screen
  • ???



  8030   Fri Feb 8 02:12:14 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRMI work

[Jenne, Yuta]

Lots of work, no solid conclusions yet.  In-vac, we aligned MICH and the PRM.  Out of vac, we got beam on AS and REFL paths.  We can lock MICH, but we're not as happy with PRCL.


In-vac alignment: 

To get the beam centered on TT2 in yaw, Koji helped us out and moved TT1 with the sliders a little bit. Then to get the beam centered on PRM and PR2, Koji moved the TT2 sliders a little bit.

Yuta and I then moved PR2 forward a few mm, to keep the optical path length of the PRC approximately (within ~1mm, hopefully) the same as always.  After my PR2 optic swapping earlier, the pitch alignment was no longer good.  I loosened the screws holding the wire clamp to the optic holder, and tapped it back and forth until the alignment was good.  Of course, the screw-tightening / pitch-checking is a stochastic process, but eventually we got it.  A small amount of yaw adjustment by twisting the PR2 TT was also done, but not much was needed.

Beam was a little off in pitch at ITMY, so Yuta poked the top of PR3, and that one single poke was perfect, and the beam was very nicely centered on the ITMY target.  Beam was getting through BS target just fine.  We checked at ITMX, and the beam looked pretty centered, although we didn't put in a target.  We didn't do anything to BS while we were in-vac, since it was already good.

We aligned the ITMs so that their beams were retroreflecting back to the BS.  After this, we saw nice MICH fringes.

We aligned the PRM so that its beam was retroreflecting.

We checked that we were getting REFL and AS beams out of the vacuum, which we were (a small amount of adjustment was done to AS path steering mirrors).

AS table alignment:

We did a bit of tweaking of the REFL path, and lots of small stuff to the AS path. 

The AS beam was coming out of vac at a slightly different place in yaw, so we moved the first out of vac AS steering mirror so the beam hit the center, rather than ~1/3 of the way to the edge.  We then aligned the beam through the lens, to the camera, and to AS55.  Most significantly, we removed the BS that was just before AS55.  This was sending beam to a dump, but it is in place to send beam over to AS110, once we get back to real locking.  We measured ~30 microwatts of power going to the AS55 PD, while MICH fringes were fringing.

The REFL path didn't need much, although we had never been going through the center of the HWP and PBS that are used to reduce the power before going to the PDs, so we translated them a millimeter or two.

We see signal on dataviewer for all of the channels that we're interested in....AS55 I&Q, ASDC, REFL11 I&Q, REFLDC (which comes from REFL55). 


Locking MICH was very easy, after we rotated the phase of AS55 to get all the good MICH signal in the Q phase.  Part of the criteria for this was that the AS55_Q_ERR signal should cross zero when ASDC went to 0.  This was done very coarsely, so we need to do it properly, but it was enough to get us locked.  We changed the phase from 24.5 to 90 deg.

PRCL has been more of a challenge, although we're still working on it.

On the back face of the Faraday, we see the michelson fringes, but they are not getting through the Faraday's aperture.  This implies that we have a poorly aligned michelson, in that the interference between the returning beams from the ITMs is happening at a different place than the original beam splitting.  Yuta is working on getting a better MICH right now.  EDIT, 10 minutes later....   This seems to be fixed, and the MICH fringes enter the back aperture of the FI, but there is still the PRM refl problem (next paragraph).

Also, when we get the most bright REFL beam, we see that there is some very obvious clipping in the back of the Faraday aperture, and this is matched by a clipped-looking REFL beam on the AS table.  We must understand what we have done wrong, such that when the beam is actually going through the Faraday, we see a much dimmer beam.  It's possible that there is some clipping happening at that time with the in-vac REFL path....we need to check this.  It's not a clipping problem on the AS table - I checked, and the beams are still reasonably  well centered on all of the mirrors.

We think that the MICH / REFL beam problems may be that the input pointing is close, but not perfect.  We have not confirmed today that the beam is centered on ETMY.  We should do this as part of our final alignment procedure before putting on doors.

Plans for tomorrow:

Get POP aligned, especially the camera, so we can see what our intracavity mode really looks like in the PRC.  This is probably (in part, at least) due to our having moved PR2 around, so the transmitted beams aren't in exactly the same place.

We think that it's more useful in the short term to check out the PRC, and since the clipping problem with the REFL beam is likely an imperfect input pointing, we want to use the other measured G&H mirror, and do another half-PRC test, with the test mirror in front of the BS.  This requires much less perfection in the input pointing, so it should be very quick to set up.

Confirm that PRM oplev is still aligned (turn laser back on first).

Plans for next week:

Perfect the input pointing, by checking the beam position at ETMY.  Recheck all corner alignment.

Try again locking PRMI in air.  First, confirm ITM and BS oplevs are all aligned.

  8031   Fri Feb 8 02:38:04 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRMI work

I feel it's too hasty to use the PRMI.
I support the idea of the half-PRC test, to make an apple-to-apple comparison.

Make haste slowly.

  8032   Fri Feb 8 11:01:18 2013 JamieUpdateLockingPRMI work

I completely agree with Koji.  We definitely should have locked the half PRC first.  We were all set up for that.  Why go through all this work to align MICH when we haven't confirmed with the half PRC that the flipping is helping us?  The first rule of debugging is to only make one change at a time.  We have measurements from the half PRC, so we could have made a direct comparison with those to see how things have changed.  If we jump the gun we're going to end up wasting more time when we have to back-track.

Also, we never talked about moving PR2 to adjust optical path length, although I can understand why we would think that should be done.  My calculations were all done assuming the free-space separation between PRM/PR2 and PR2/PR3 were unchanged.  It's possible changing the position is better, but again, it's more work and it changes multiple things at one.  I can redo my calculations for this new scenario, but we need to update our drawings with this new configuration.  Please note precisely where PR2 has moved to.

We should have just flipped PR2 and that's it.  Then we could have run the exact same measurements we had previously.  Only then, once we understood this new simple cavity, should we have done further adjustments.

  8034   Fri Feb 8 12:39:32 2013 yutaUpdateLockingPRMI work

Half-PRC at this time already have two changes from the previous half-PRC; PR2 replaced/flipped and different TM before BS.
PRMI has only one change from the previous PRMI; PR2 replaced/flipped.
This is why I wanted to try PRMI first. But we now recognized that MI alignment (including REFL and AS alignment) is tough without using the arms, I agree that we should try half-PRC first.

I don't exactly know what the situation in the Jamie's calculation, but to make the optical path length the same before and after flipping, PR2 holder have to move about n*t, where n is the substrate refractive index and t is the thickness of the mirror, towards PRM/PR3.


The first rule of debugging is to only make one change at a time.

Also, we never talked about moving PR2 to adjust optical path length,

  8036   Fri Feb 8 12:43:26 2013 yutaUpdateComputersvideocapture.py now supports movie capturing

I updated /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/general/videoscripts.py so that it supports movie capturing. It saves captured images (bmp) and movies (mp4) in /users/sensoray/SensorayCaptures/ directory.
I also updated /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/pylibs/pyndslib.py because /usr/bin/lalapps_tconvert is not working and now /usr/bin/tconvert works.
However, tconvert doesn't run on ottavia, so I need Jamie to fix it.

videocapture.py -h:
    videocapture.py [cameraname] [options]

Example usage:
    videocapture.py MC2F -s 320x240 -t off
       (Camptures image of MC2F with the size of 320x240, without timestamp on the image. MUST RUN ON PIANOSA!)
    videocapture.py AS -m 10
       (Camptures 10 sec movie of AS with the size of 720x480. MUST RUN ON PIANOSA!)

  -h, --help          show this help message and exit
  -s SIZE             specify image size [default: 720x480]
  -t TIMESTAMP_ONOFF  timestamp on or off [default: on]
  -m MOVLENGTH        specity movie length (in sec; takes movie if specified) [default: 0]

  8037   Fri Feb 8 15:53:48 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRMI work


I completely agree with Koji.  We definitely should have locked the half PRC first.  We were all set up for that. 

 I reminded Jamie this morning that we were not, in fact, set up yesterday for a half PRC.  I had extracted what was the flat test mirror, to put in as PR2.  The test mirror was the better of the 2 G&Hs that we had measurements for, so I had used it as the flat test mirror, but then also wanted it to be the more permanent PR2.  After doing the PR2 flip, the IFO was naturally all aligned for PRMI, which is part of why we just did that.

Anyhow, Jamie used his tallness to put the other measured G&H mirror into the mount, and put that in front of the BS.  He aligned things such that he saw fringes in the half PRC. 

I then aligned POP onto the camera, and onto the PD.  Yuta is confirming that we're maximally on the REFL PDs.

We're starting locking in 5 min.

  8038   Fri Feb 8 17:15:56 2013 JenneUpdateRF SystemMC REFL Photodiode transimpedance

This measurement was done already about a week ago, in elog 7984.  Can you please describe why the numbers for the last measurement were not believable, and what was done differently this time?

  8039   Fri Feb 8 17:41:34 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRMI work


 [Yuta, Jenne]

After much tweaking of the alignment using TT1, TT2 and PRM sliders, we were able to get a TEM00 mode locked with the half PRC!

PRCL gain is -0.010

FM4, 5 are always on.  FM2,3,6 (boosts and stack res-gains) are triggered to come on after the cavity is locked.

We see a little clipping of POPDC, even though there are 2 BSs in the beam path, to dump 50% and then 67% of the beam.  But it's not so much that we can't align. 

REFLDC goes from 28.5 to 24.5, so we don't have great visibility.

Please watch our awesome video of the cavity, where we demonstrate that the half cavity is stable:

The cavity is flashing for the 1st 15 sec, then locks.  Upper right is REFL, Lower right is POP, Upper left is back of the Faraday, Lower left is MC2F.   Note that we definitely see some not so beautiful modes flashing, but most of that is due to the half cavity length and thus greater degeneracy of modes.  Jamie is posting a HOM plot presently.


The beam is moving way more than it should be.  Right now the PRM oplev is not coming out of the vacuum, since the flat test mirror mount is obstructing it.  However, as we saw with other half-cavity tests, turning on the PRM oplev helps, but does not completely eliminate the beam motion.  We should consider putting oplevs on one of the passive TTs, at least temporarily, so we know what kind of motion is coming from where.

  8042   Fri Feb 8 19:39:02 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRMI work

It seems that the cavity trans looks much better than before. Cool.

At least the optical gain is ~x5 of the previous value. This means what we did was something good.

Looking forward to seeing the further analysis of the caivty...

  8043   Fri Feb 8 20:05:15 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRMI work

I fixed up the POP path so that there is no clipping, so that Yuta can take a cavity mode scan.

  8044   Fri Feb 8 20:27:56 2013 KojiUpdateRF SystemMC REFL Photodiode transimpedance

The comment itself was added by me.
The difference between the previous and new measurements should be described by Riju.

In the entry 7984, the description has several PDs mixed up. The measurement was done with the MCREFL PD.
But the DC transimpedance of the thorlabs PD (5e3) was used, according to the text.
I first wonder if this is only a mistake not in the calculation but only in the elog due to a sloppy copy-and-paste.
But the resulting shot-noise-intercept current was 50uA, which is way too small
compared with a realistic value of 0.1~1mA. I have never seen such a good value with
C30642 at the resonant freq ~30MHz. That's why I said "hard to believe". I guessed this wrong
DC transimpedance was actually used for the calculation. 

You may wonder why this 50uA is unreasonable number.
Basically this is just my feeling and probably is same as Rana's feeling.
But "my feeling" can't be a scientific explanation. Here is some estimation.

Looking at my note in 2010:
https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/40m_Library (Comparisons of the PD circuits by KA)

The expected shot noise intercept current (idc) is

idc = 2 kB T / (e Rres),

where Rres is the impedance of the resonant circuit at the resonant freq.

This Rres is expressed as

Rres = 1/(4 pi^2 fres^2 Cd^2 Rs),

where Cd and Rs are the capacitance and series resistance of the diode.

If we input realistic numbers,

Cd = 100pF
Rs = 10 Ohm
fres = 30MHz

We obtain, Rres ~ 300Ohm, and idc = 0.2mA

In other words, Rs needs to be 2~3Ohm in order to have idc = 50uA.
This is too small from the previous measurements.
Test Results for C30642 LSC Diode Elements by Rich Abbott

  8045   Fri Feb 8 21:14:52 2013 ManasaUpdateOpticsG&H - AR Reflectivity

 Hours of struggle and still no data 

I tried to measure the AR reflectivity and the loss due to flipping of G&H mirrors

 With almost no wedge angle, separating the AR reflected beam from the HR reflected beam seems to need more tricks.


The separation between the 2 reflected rays is expected 0.8mm. After using a lens along the incident beam, this distance was still not enough to be separable by an iris.

The first trick: I could find a prism and tried to refract the beams at the edge of the prism...but the edges weren't that sharp to separate the beams (Infact I thought an axicon would do the job better..but I think we don't have any of those).

Next from the bag of tricks: I installed a camera to see if the spots can actually be resolved.

The camera image shows the 2 sets of focal spots; bright set to the left corresponding to HR reflected beam and the other from the AR surface. I expect the ghost images to arise from the 15 arcsec wedge of the mirror. I tried to mask one of the sets using a razor blade to see if I can separate them and get some data using a PD. But, it so turns out that even the blade edge is not sharp enough to separate them.

If there are any more intelligent ideas...go ahead and suggest! 



  8046   Fri Feb 8 22:49:31 2013 KojiUpdateOpticsG&H - AR Reflectivity

How about to measure the AR reflectivity at larger (but small) angles the extrapolate the function to smaller angle,
or estimate an upper limit?

The spot separation is

D = 2 d Tan(\phi) Cos(\theta), where \phi = ArcSin(Sin(\theta) * n)

D = 2 d Tan(\phi) Cos(\theta), where \phi = ArcSin(Sin(\theta) / n)         (<== correction by Manasa's entry)

\theta is the angle of incidence. For a small \theta, D is propotional to \theta.

So If you double the incident angle, the beam separation will be doubled,
while the reflectivity is an even function of the incident angle (i.e. the lowest order is quadratic).

I am not sure until how much larger angle you can use the quadratic function rather than a quartic function.
But thinking about the difficulty you have, it might be worth to try.

  8047   Fri Feb 8 23:04:40 2013 ManasaUpdateOpticsG&H - AR Reflectivity


D = 2 d Tan(\phi) Cos(\theta), where \phi = ArcSin(Sin(\theta) * n)

\theta is the angle of incidence. For a small \theta, D is propotional to \theta.

n1Sin(\theta1) = n2 Sin(\theta2)

So it should be

\phi = ArcSin(Sin(\theta) / n 

I did check the reflected images for larger angles of incidence, about 20 deg and visibly (on the IR card) I did not see much change in the separation. But I will check it with the camera again to confirm on that.

  8049   Fri Feb 8 23:59:42 2013 yutaUpdateLockingPR2-flipped half-PRC mode scan

I did mode scan of PR2-flipped half-PRC to see if it behaves as we expect.
Measured finesse was 107 +/- 5 and g-factor is 0.98997 +/- 0.00006.
g-factor is 0.9800 +/- 0.0001.  (Edited by YM; see elog #8056)

Finesse tells you that we didn't get large loss from flipped PR2.
Since we have convex TM in front of BS, PRC will be more stable than this half-PRC.

 1. Aligned half-PRC using input TT1 and TT2 by maximizing POP DC during lock. It was not so easy because POP DC fluctuates much at ~ 3 Hz with amplitude of ~ 30 % of the maximum value because of the beam motion (movie on  elog #8039).

 2. Unlocked half-PRC and took POP DC and PRC error signal data;

> /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/general/getdata -d 1 -o /users/yuta/scripts/PRCmodescan C1:LSC-POPDC_OUT C1:LSC-REFL11_I_ERR

  Ran again and again until I get sufficiently linear swing through upper/lower sidebands.

 3. Ran modescan analyzing scripts (elog #8012).

 Below is the plot of POP DC and PRCL error signal (REFL11_I).

 By averaging 5 sets of peaks around TEM00;

Time between TEM00 and sideband  0.0347989  pm  0.00292257322372  sec
Calibration factor is  317.995971137  pm  26.7067783894  MHz/sec
FSR is  34.5383016129  MHz
FWHM is  0.323979022488  pm  0.0145486106353  MHz
TMS is  1.55827297374  pm  0.00439737672808  MHz
Finesse is  106.606598624  pm  4.78727876459
Cavity g-factor is  0.989971692098  pm  5.65040851566e-05
Cavity g-factor is  0.980043951156  pm  0.000111874889586

 Measured finesse is similar to measured PRM-PR2 cavity finesse(108 +/- 3, see elog #8012). This means loss from flipped PR2 and beam path from PR2 to TM is small.

 I'm a little suspicious about measured g-factor because it is hard to tell which peak is which from the mode scan data. Since half-PRC was not aligned well, high HOMs may contribute to POP DC. Astigmatism also splits HOM peaks.

 PRC 3 Hz beam motion was there for long time (see, for example, elog #6954). BS is unlikely to be the cause because we see this motion in half-PRC, too.
 Also, beam spot motion was not obvious in the PRM-PR2 cavity. My hypothesis is; stack resonance at 3 Hz makes PR2/PR3 angular motion and folding by PR2/PR3 makes the beam spot motion.

Next things to do:
 * PRC g-factor
   - Calculate expected half-PRC g-factor with real measured curvatures, with error bar obtained from RoC error and length error (JAMIE)
   - Calculate expected PRC g-factor using measured half-PRC g-factor (JAMIE)
 * PRC 3 Hz beam motion
   - Do we have space to put oplevs for PR2/PR3?
   - Can we fix PR2/PR3 temporarily?
   - Align incident beam, BS, REFL, AS, and MI using arms as reference
   - lock PRMI
   - PRC mode scan

  8050   Sat Feb 9 11:25:35 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPR2-flipped half-PRC mode scan

Don't  Shouldn't you apply a small misalignment to the input beam? Isn't that why the peak for the 1st-order is such small?


 1. Aligned half-PRC using input TT1 and TT2 by maximizing POP DC during lock. It was not so easy because POP DC fluctuates much at ~ 3 Hz with amplitude of ~ 30 % of the maximum value because of the beam motion (movie on  elog #8039).

 2. Unlocked half-PRC and took POP DC and PRC error signal data;

> /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/general/getdata -d 1 -o /users/yuta/scripts/PRCmodescan C1:LSC-POPDC_OUT C1:LSC-REFL11_I_ERR

  Ran again and again until I get sufficiently linear swing through upper/lower sidebands.


  8051   Sat Feb 9 19:34:34 2013 ranaUpdateOpticsG&H - AR Reflectivity


 Use the trick I suggested:

Focus the beam so that the beam size at the detector is smaller than the beam separation. Use math to calculate the beam size and choose the lens size and position. You should be able to achieve a waist size of < 0.1 mm for the reflected beam.

  8052   Sun Feb 10 17:30:39 2013 yutaUpdateLockingPR2-flipped half-PRC mode scan

I redid half-PRC mode scan by applying mislignment to PRM.
Half-PRC's sagittal g-factor is 0.9837 +/- 0.0006 and tangential g-factor is 0.9929 +/- 0.0005.
sagittal g-factor is 0.968 +/- 0.001 and tangential g-factor is 0.986 +/- 0.001. (Edited by YM; see elog #8056)

 1. Same as elog #8049, but with small misalignment to PRM.

 2. Algined half-PRC, and misaligned PRM in pitch to get sagittal g-factor.

 3. Restored pitch alignment and misaligned PRM in yaw to get tangential g-factor.

 Below left is the plot of POP DC and PRCL error signal (REFL11_I) when PRM is misaligned in pitch. Below left is the same plot when misaliged in yaw.
left:modescan_pitmisalign.png    right:modescan_yawmisalign.png

 By averaging 5 sets of peaks around TEM00, I get sagittal/tangential g-factors written above.

  The fact that tangential g-factor is larger than sagittal g-factor comes from astigmatism mainly from PR3. Effective PR3 curvature is

sagittal Re = R/cos(theta) = -930 m
tangential Re = R*cos(theta) = -530 m   (where R = -700 m , theta = 41 deg)

so, PR3 is more convex in tangential plane and this makes half-PRC close to unstable. This is opposite of Jamie's calculation(elog #8022). I'm confused.

  I first thought I don't need to misalign PRM because alignment was not so good - it was hard to align when beam motion is large. Also, this motion makes angular misalignment, so I thought free swinging is enough to make higher order modes. However, misaligning PRM intentionally made it easier to resolve higher order modes. I could even distinguish (10,01) and (20,11,02), as you can see from the plot.

  We have to compare with expected g-factor before moving on to PRMI.

  8055   Mon Feb 11 13:07:17 2013 Max HortonUpdateSummary PagesFixed A Calendar Bug

Understanding the Code:  Documented more functions in summary_pages.py.  Since it is very difficult and slow to understand what is going on, it might be best to just start trying to factor out the code into multiple files, and understand how the code works from there.

Crontab:  Started learning how the program is called by cron / what cron is, so that I can fix the problem that forces data to only be displayed up until 6PM.

Calendars:  One of the problems with the page is that the calendars on the left column didn't have any of the months of 2013 in them.

I identified the incorrect block of code as:

Original Code:
  # loop over months
  while t < e:
     if t.month < startday.month or t >= endday:
      ptable[t.year].append(calendar_link(t, firstweekday, tab=tab, run=run))

    # increment by month
    # Move forward day by day, until a new month is reached.
    m = t.month
    while t.month == m:
      t = t + d

    # Ensure that y still represents the current year.
    if t.year > y:
      y = t.year
      ptable[y] = []

The problem is that the months between the startday and endday aren't being treated properly.

Modified Code:
  # loop over months
  while t < e:
    if (t.month < startday.month and t.year <= startday.year) or t >= endday:
      ptable[t.year].append(calendar_link(t, firstweekday, tab=tab, run=run))

    # increment by month
    # Move forward day by day, until a new month is reached.
    m = t.month
    while t.month == m:
      t = t + d

    # Ensure that y still represents the current year.
    if t.year > y:
      y = t.year
      ptable[y] = []

After this change, the calendars display the year of 2013, as desired.

  8056   Mon Feb 11 13:15:16 2013 yutaUpdateLockingPR2-flipped half-PRC mode scan

I found a mistake in my code (thanks Jamie!).
I forgot to square the g-factor.
I corrected the following elogs;

PRM-PR2 cavity
  elog #7994 : g-factor will be 0.9889 +/- 0.0004
  elog #8012 : g-factor is 0.988812630228 pm 0.000453751681357

half-PRC g-factor
  elog #8040 : g-factor is 0.9800 +/- 0.0001
  elog #8052 : sagittal g-factor is 0.968 +/- 0.001 and tangential g-factor is 0.986 +/- 0.001

I checked that I was correct in July 2012 (elog #6922)

Cavity g-factor formula:
  gm = ( cos(pi*nu_TMS/nu_FSR) )**2

  8057   Mon Feb 11 16:16:27 2013 SteveUpdateVAC55 days at atmoshere

CP Stat 100  sheet-covers were replaced by clean ones on open chambers BS, ITMX, ITMY and ETMY this morning.

Try to fold the sheets such way that the clean side is facing each other, so they do not accumulate dust.


Attachment 1: atm55d.png
  8058   Mon Feb 11 16:29:33 2013 JenneUpdateLockingTemp oplev for PR2; ITMX temporarily has no oplev

[Yuta, Jenne]

In an effort to see what is going on with the beam spot motion, and to investigate whether or not it might be caused by passive TT motion, Yuta and I installed some oplev mirrors in-vac, to make a PR2 oplev.

Yuta did not move either of the in-vac oplev mirrors that are for ITMX.  Instead, he took the incident red beam as it was, and put a spare in-vac oplev mirror there.  Then he used another spare oplev mirror to get the beam out, and on to the one out-of-vac steering mirror before the QPD.  I then steered the out of vac mirror to center the beam on the QPD.

This means (1) that ITMX cannot have an oplev right now, although the HeNe was off anyway, and (2) that as soon as we take these spare oplev mirrors out, we should immediately have ITMX oplev back (may need to steer out of vac mirror to get beam onto QPD).

Yuta is currently taking measurements to see if PR2 motion has high coherence with the intracavity motion.

  8061   Mon Feb 11 18:39:10 2013 ChloeUpdateGeneralPictures of Circuitry in Photodiode

I am going to be making measurements to find the optical mounts with the least noise. I am using a quadrature photodiode to record intensity of laser light. These are pictures of the circuitry inside (both sides). I will be designing/making some circuitry on a breadboard in the next few days in order to add and subtract the signals to have pitch and yaw outputs.

Attachment 1: IMG_0327.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_0329.JPG
  8062   Mon Feb 11 18:44:34 2013 JamieUpdateComputerspasswerdz changed


Be Prepared


Password for nodus and all control room workstations has been changed.  Look for new one in usual place.

We will try to change the password on all the RTS machines soon.  For the moment, though, they remain with the old passwerd.

  8063   Mon Feb 11 19:55:47 2013 ManasaUpdateOpticsG&H - AR Reflectivity


I adjusted the focal length of the focusing lens and reduced the beam size enough to mask with the razor blade edge while looking at the camera and then making measurements using PD.

I am still not satisfied with this data because the R of the HR surface measured after flipping seems totally unbelievable (at around 0.45).

G&H AR reflectivity

R percentage

11 ppm @4 deg
19.8 ppm @6 deg
20 ppm @ 8 deg
30 ppm @ 20 deg

  8064   Mon Feb 11 21:03:15 2013 yutaUpdateLockingPR2-flipped half-PRC mode scan

To estimate the systematic effects to the g-factor measurement, I changed how to analyze the data in multiple ways.
From the estimation, I get the following g-factors for half-PRC;
  tangential: 0.986 +/- 0.001(stat.) +/- 0.008(sys.)
    sagittal: 0.968 +/- 0.001(stat.) +/- 0.003(sys.)

The a la mode/arbcav calculation is not so far from the measurement(elog #8059). So, mirror curvatures and lengths are not far from what we expect.

  Method I used to analyze the mode scan data is as follows;

  1. Use the spacing between upper sideband and lower sideband to calibrate the data.
  2. Measure the position of 00, 1st, 2nd and 3rd mode.
  3. Used the following formula to get TMS

  nu_TMS = sum((n_i-n)*(nu_i-nu)) / sum((n_i-n)^2)

  where n_i is the order of transverse mode, n is average of n_i's, nu_i is the frequency if i-th order mode and nu is average of nu_i's. This is just a linear fitting.

  But since it is hard to resolve where the higher order mode is, it is maybe better to use only 00, 1st, and 2nd mode. Also, since cavity sweep is not linear enough, it is maybe better to use spacing between 00 and lower sideband (sideband closer to HOMs) to calibrate the data. Changing the analysis will give us information about the effect of peak choosing and linearity.

How the result differ:
  Below are the plots of order of tranverse mode vs measured relative frequency difference from 00 mode. 5 plots on left are when PRM is misaligned in pitch and right are same in yaw. From the plot, you can see using 3rd order mode tend to give larger TMS. Did I picked the wrong one??
left:modespacing_pit.png    right:modespacing_yaw.png

  Below table is the result when I changed the analyzing method;

PRM misaligned in pitch
  calibration    how many HOMs    measured g-factor
  upper-lower    up to 3rd    0.968
  upper-lower    up to 2nd    0.974
  upper-lower    up to 1st    0.975
  00-lower       up to 3rd    0.952
  00-lower       up to 2nd    0.962
  00-lower       up to 1st    0.963

PRM misaligned in yaw
  calibration    how many HOMs    measured g-factor
  upper-lower    up to 3rd    0.986
  upper-lower    up to 2nd    0.989
  upper-lower    up to 1st    0.991
  00-lower       up to 3rd    0.964
  00-lower       up to 2nd    0.988
  00-lower       up to 1st    0.991

  Using 00-lower calibration tend to give us smaller g-factor. Using less higer order-mode tend to give us higher g-factor.
  By taking standard deviation of these, I roughly estimated the systematic error as above.

  I think it is OK to move on to PRMI now.
  But I wonder how much astigmatism is needed to get this measurement data. If astigmatism is not so crazy, it's OK. But if it's not, I think it is better to do more measurement like PRM-PR2-TM cavity.

  8065   Tue Feb 12 00:14:00 2013 yutaUpdateLockingPRM coil balancing

We tried to lock half-PRC tonight, but we couldn't. Why?? I could lock yesterday.
It locks for ~ 1 sec, but it beam spot motion freaks out mainly in yaw.
I tried to balance PRM coils, but oplev beam was clipped by MMT1......

What I did:
  1. Found elog #5392 and found F2P_LOCKIN.py

  2. Modified F2P_LOCKIN.py because LOCKIN channel names are some how changed like this;


  3. Running

/opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/SUS/F2P_LOCKIN.py -o PRM

  should adjust (UL|UR|LR|LL)COIL_GAINs by putting some gain imbalance and shaking the mirror in different frequencies. It uses LOCKIN to OL(PIT|YAW).

  4. Since there was no PRM oplev beam coming out from the vacuum, I quickly looked into BS-PRM chamber. Oplev beam was clipped by MMT1. If I adjust PRM slider values to avoid clipping, the beam will be clipped by mirrors on oplev table. What happened to the PRM oplev?

  5. I also made bunch of /opt/rtcds/userapps/trunk/sus/c1/medm/templates/SUS_SINGLE_LOCKIN(1|2)_DEMOD_(I|Q|SIG).adl because there were missing screens.

 We need to restore the PRM oplev and balance the coils. See, also, elog #7679

  8066   Tue Feb 12 00:50:08 2013 yutaUpdateLockingPR2 oplev spectra

I wanted to see if PR2 motion makes PRC beam motion or not, using temporary oplev to PR2.
I could not measure the coherence between beam motion and PR2 motion, because I couldn't lock half-PRC today.
But I took spectra of PR2 oplev anyway.


  Below are the spectra of PR2 oplev outputs (taken using C1:SUS-ITMX_OL(PIT|YAW)_IN1). Bottom plot is POP DC during half-PRC locked yesterday.

  We see bump in PR2 oplev output at ~ 2-3 Hz. But we cannot say this is a evidence for PR2 motion making PRC beam motion because no coherence measurement was done. Also, oplev might be just seeing the ITMX stack motion.

  Resonant frequency of TTs measured were at ~ 1.8-1.9 Hz (elog #8054), but we cannot clearly see these peaks in oplev outputs. Did resonant frequency shifted because of different damping condition?

  8067   Tue Feb 12 17:26:31 2013 ChloeUpdate QPD circuitry to test mount vibrations

 I spent awhile today reading about op-amps and understanding what would be necessary to design a circuit which would directly give pitch and yaw of the QPD I am using. After getting an idea of what signals would be summed or subtracted, I opened up the QPD to take better pictures than last time (sorry, the pictures were blurry last time and I didn't realize). It turns out some of the connections have been broken inside the QPD, which would explain why we saw an unchanging signal in Ch2 on the oscilloscope yesterday when trying to test the laser setup. 

I found a couple other QPDs, which I will be using to help understand the circuit (and what is going on). I will be trying to use the same QPD box since it has banana cable and BNC cable adapters, which is helpful to have in the lab. Once I have concluded what the circuitry is like and designed electronics to add and subtract signals, I will build and mount all the circuits within the box (more sturdily than last time) so as to have a quality way of measuring the mount vibrations when I get there. 

  8070   Tue Feb 12 20:42:36 2013 JamieUpdateAlignmentIFO alignment in prep for in-air PRMI

Yuta, Manasa, Jamie, Jenne, Steve, Rana

Starting this morning, we removed the temporary half PRC mirror in front of BS and started to align the IFO in prep for an in-air lock of the PRMI.

This morning, using the new awesome steerable active input TTs, Jenne and I centred the beam on PRM, PR2/3, BS, ITMY and ETMY.

After lunch, Yuta and Manasa aligned the Y ARM, by looking at the multi-pass beam.  The X-end door was still on, so they roughly aligned to the X ARM by centring on ITMX with BS.  They then got fringes at the BS, and tweaked the ITMs and PRM to get full fringes at BS.

We're currently stuck because the REFL beam appears to be clipped coming out of the faraday, even though the retro-reflected beam from PRM is cleanly going through the faraday output aperture.  The best guess at the moment is that the beam is leaving MC at an angle, so the retro-reflected beam is coming out of the faraday at an angle.  We did not center spots on MC mirrors before we started the alignment procedure today.  That was dumb.

We may be ok to do our PRMI characterization with the clipped REFL, though, then we can fix everything right before we close up.  We're going to need to go back to touch up alignment before we close up anyway (we need to get PR2 centered).

Yuta and Manasa are finishing up now by making sure the AS and REFL beams are cleanly existing onto the AS table.

Tomorrow we will set up the PRM oplev, and start to look at the in-air PRMI.  Hopefully we can be ready to close up by the end of the week.

  8071   Tue Feb 12 20:57:47 2013 JenneUpdateAlignmentIFO alignment in prep for in-air PRMI

We should check MC spot positions to see what they are. 

Also, I'm not thrilled about the idea of a clipped REFL beam.  Haven't we played that game before, and decided it's a crappy game?  Can we recenter the MC, and recover quickly with TT1? 


  8072   Tue Feb 12 23:22:14 2013 ManasaUpdateScatteringScattering setup


 [Jan, Manasa]

We installed a camera at the ETMY end to look at the scattering pickoff from the ITMY. We were able to see the whole of the beam tube. We need to meditate on where to assemble the camera and use appropriate lenses to narrow the field of view such that we avoid looking at scattering from other sources inside the chamber.

  8073   Tue Feb 12 23:24:17 2013 yutaUpdateAlignmentIFO alignment in prep for in-air PRMI

[Manasa, Yuta]

Lot's of alignment work, still no AS beam. REFL is clipped by Faraday output aperture......
Our guess is that this is because
we skipped MC centering.

Alignment procedure we took:
 1. AM work: Aligned input beam using TT1/TT2
   such that the beam hits ETMY and ITMY at the center.

 2. Coarsely aligned ITMY
   such that the ITMY retro-reflected beam hits BS at the center.

 3. Aligned ETMY (we didn't actually move ITMY)
   such that Y arm flashes.
   This tells you that ITMY is aligned well to the incident beam.

 4. Aligned BS
   such that the beam hits ITMX at the center.

 5. Aligned ITMX
   such that the ITMX retro-reflected beam hits BS at the center.
   At this point, we saw MI fringes at AS port.

 6. Fine alignment of ITMX:
   MI reflected beam was not overlapping in front of BS after it was reflected by PRM.
   We used this longer REFL path to tune alignment of ITMX to ITMY reflected beam.
   We saw MI fringe at REFL port coming out of the chamber, but it was clipped.

 7. Aligned PRM
   by looking at REFL beam from PRM on the back face of Faraday (video FI_BACK).
   We fine tuned the alignment such that PRM retro-relfected beam hits BS at the center and REFL beam from PRM overlaps with the MI fringes at the back face of Faraday.

 8. Clipping of REFL at the Faraday output aperture:
   We confirmed that the shape of the REFL beam from PRM was OK at the back face of Faraday. But some how, it was clipped at the output aperture. So, REFL beam coming out of the chamber is clipped now.

 9. Tried to get AS beam out of the chamber:
   We tweaked steering mirrors after SRM to get AS beam out of the chamber. But, we lost the AS beam between the very last folding mirrors (OMPO and OM6) in the OMC chamber......

 1. Why clipping at the Faraday output aperture?
   In principle, if PRM reflects the incident beam at normal incidence, it should pass the Faraday unclipped. But it's not!
   Our guess is that the incident beam does not go well centered through the apertures of the Faraday. I think we have to do MC centering to get good pointing to the Faraday.
   We also see that MI fringe at the back face of the Faraday is at the edge of its aperture, after all of these alignment work (we even used Y arm!). This tells you that some thing is wrong.

 2. Why did you guys lose the AS beam?
   AS beam is too weak after reflecting off of OMPO. The beam was neither visible on IR cards nor IR viewers. The beam is weaker than usual because PMC transmission is ~0.7 and MC REFL is getting high (~ 0.7). We didn't want to realign MC after all of this work today.

Tomorrow (my suggestion):
  1. Align PMC (for higher power).
  2. MC centering.
  3. Input beam steering using TTs and redo the same alignment procedure (it shouldn't take longer than today).
      ==> Center beam on PR2  (Added by Manasa)
  4. Maybe we should better check PRM reflection at REFL port after the Faraday, before doing the full alignment work.
  5. Align AS, REFL, POP PDs/cameras.
  6. Setup PRM/BS/ITMX/ITMY oplevs.
  7. Balance the coils on these mirrors.
  8. Lock PRMI.

What needs to be done before pumping down:
  1. PRMI characterization: PR gain and g-factor
   How can we do the g-factor measurement? Use additional laser? Kakeru method (elog #1434; we need to calibrate mirror tilt to do this)?
  2. Glitch study in PRMI locking. If still glitchy, we have to do something. How is beam spot motion? (elog #6953)
  3. Fine alignment of the flipped PR2.
  4. Fine alignment of IFO using both arms.

  8075   Wed Feb 13 09:28:56 2013 SteveUpdateOpticsG&H - HR plots


 Gooch & Housego optics order specification from 03-13-2010

Side 1: HR Reflectivity >99.99 % at 1064 nm for 0-45 degrees for S & P polarization

Side 2: AR coat R <0.15

The HR coating scans uploaded to 40mwiki / Aux optics today

  8076   Wed Feb 13 14:21:19 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRC cavity gains


With 1500ppm loss on both PR2 and PR3, 150ppm arm cavity loss:

We get a PRC gain for the CARRIER (non-flipped folding) of 21, and PRC gain (flipped folding) of 20.  This is a 4.7% loss of carrier buildup.

We get a PRC gain for the SIDEBANDS (non-flipped folding) of 69, and PRC gain (flipped folding) of 62.  This is an 8.8% loss of sideband buildup.

 With a PR2 loss of 896ppm (from the plot on the wiki), but no loss from PR3 because we didn't flip it, and the same 150ppm round trip arm cavity loss, I get:

Carrier gain = 21.0

Sideband gain = 66.7

(No loss case, with an extra sig-fig, so you can see that the numbers are different:  Carrier = 21.4, Sideband = 68.8 .)

So, this is 1.6% loss of carrier buildup and 3.1% loss of sideband buildup.  Moral of the story - G&H's measured AR reflectivity is less than Rana's guess, and we didn't flip PR3, so we should have even less of a power recycling gain effect than previously calculated.

  8077   Wed Feb 13 16:31:08 2013 JenneUpdatePSLPMC pitch input tuned, MC yaw input tuned

[Jenne, Yuta]

I looked at PMCR camera on the MC1 tv, and tweaked up the beam going into the PMC - it only needed a little bit of pitch.

Yuta and I measured the MC spots, determined (consistent with my measurements this morning) that they were only off in yaw.  We touched the 2nd steering mirror in the zigzag on the PSL table in yaw a small amount (top of knob away from me), realigned the MC, and things were good.  The plot is zoomed in to show only measurements taken today.  2 in the morning, before anything in the IFO room was touched.  1 this afternoon after tweaking PMC.  1st attempt at PSL beam tweaking was successful, 2nd measurement confirms it wasn't a fluke.


  8081   Wed Feb 13 22:09:26 2013 JenneUpdateAlignmentREFL is not clipped

We need to calculate whether this level of astigmatism is expected from the new active TT mirrors, but I claim that the beam is not clipped.

As proof, I provide a video (PS, why did it take me so long to be converted to using video capture??).  I'm just showing the REFL camera, so the REFL beam as seen out on the AS table.  I am moving PRM only.  I can move lots in pitch before I start clipping anywhere.  I have less range in yaw, but I still have space to move around.  This is not how a clipped beam behaves.  The clipping that I see after moving a ways is coincident with clipping seen by the camera looking at the back of the Faraday.  i.e. the first clipping that happens is at the aperture of the Faraday, as the REFL beam enters the FI.  

Also, I'm no longer convinced entirely that the beam entering the Faraday is a nice circle.  I didn't check that very carefully earlier, so I'd like to re-look at the return beam coming from TT1, when the PRM is misaligned such that the return beam is not overlapped with the input beam.  If the beam was circular going into the Faraday, I should have as much range in yaw as I do in pitch.  You can see in the movie that this isn't true.  I'm voting with the "astigmatism caused by non-flat active TT mirrors" camp. 

  8083   Thu Feb 14 08:29:41 2013 SteveUpdateIOOlow MC1 OSEM voltage

MC1 -  LR, LL, UL & UR  OSEMs should be adjusted to get  1.2V

Attachment 1: Feb14_2013.png
  8087   Fri Feb 15 09:58:49 2013 SteveUpdateGeneralbeam traps ready to be installed

Black-green glass traps are ready for light in vacuum. I can assemble more if needed. These three sizes are available.

Attachment 1: IMG_0083.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_0084.JPG
  8088   Fri Feb 15 15:21:07 2013 JamieUpdateComputersc1iscex IO-chassis dead

I appears that the c1iscex IO-chassis is either dead or in a very bad state.  The PCIe interface card in the IO-chassis is showing four red lights, where it's supposed to be showing a dozen or so green lights.  Obviously this is going to prevent anything from running.

We've had power issues with this chassis before, so possibly that's what we're running into now.  I'll pull the chassis and diagnose asap.


  8089   Fri Feb 15 16:09:19 2013 KojiUpdateGeneralbeam traps ready to be installed

For the hexagonal one, insert one of the glass plate only half. Use a 1"x.5" piece if exists.

For the diamond one, you don't need the forth glass piece.


Attachment 1: HexBeamDump.pdf
Attachment 2: DiamondBeamDump2in.pdf
  8090   Fri Feb 15 17:11:13 2013 ChloeUpdate QPD circuit pictures

 I took better pictures of the circuits of the QPD and spent a couple of hours with a multimeter trying to figure out how all the connections worked. I will continue to do so and analyze the circuits over the weekend to try to understand what is going on. I also have an old SURF report that Eric sent me that is similar to the design I was planning to use to sum the pitch and yaw signals. I will try and look at this over the weekend. 

Attachment 1: IMG_0337.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_0338.JPG
  8091   Fri Feb 15 20:07:28 2013 yutaUpdateAlignmentPOP path set up but AS55 is broken

[Manasa, Yuta]

We set up POP camera and POPDC PD, and centered REFL PDs.
We also tried to center AS55 PD, but AS55 seems to be broken.

What we did:
 1. POP path alignment:
   Shot green laser pointer from ITMX table at where POPDC PD was sitting and centered green beam at optics in the POP path. Steered POPM1/M2 mirrors in the ITMX chamber to make green laser overlap with the PRM-PR2 beam as far as I can reach from ITMX chamber. We removed some ND filters and a BS for attenuating POP beam because POP power was somehow so low. Currently, POP is pick-off of the beam which goes from PRM to PR2.

 2. POP camera and PD:
   We first used camera to find the beam at where POPDC PD was sitting because it is much easier to find focused beam. Put an iris in front of the camera, and put POP DC behind it. Steered a mirror in front of PD to maximize DC output.

 3. REFL PDs:
   Steered mirrors in the REFL path to center the beam and maximized DC outputs, as usual.

 4. AS55:
   AS55 was not responding very much to the flashlight nor AS beam. C1:LSC-ASDC_OUT looked funny. By swapping the ribbon cables of AS55, REFL55, and REFL165, I confirmed that AS55 PD itself is broken. Not the ribbon cable nor PD circuit at LSC rack. I don't know what happened. AS55 was working on Feb 8 (elog #8030).

  We aligned PRMI coarsely. POP(right above) looks much better than before. REFL (left below) still looks elliptic, but ellipticity differs with the position on the camera. Some astigmatism is happening somewhere. AS (right below) looks pretty nice with MI aligned.

  1. Fix AS55? Or replace it with POP55 PD, which is currently unused.
  2. Confirm we are getting the right error signals or not, and lock PRMI.

  8092   Fri Feb 15 21:22:29 2013 yutaUpdateElectronicsAS55 replaced with POP55 PD

I temporarily replaced AS55 PD with PD labeled "POP55(POY55)".
I think POP55 is working because I could lock MI with this PD using AS55_Q_ERR as an error signal. I rotated I/Q phase (C1:LSC-AS55_PHASE_R) to 70 deg by minimizing ASDC during MI lock.

POP55 PD was freely sitting on the ITMX table.
I will leave AS55 PD at free space of the AP table. Someone, please look into it.

ELOG V3.1.3-