40m QIL Cryo_Lab CTN SUS_Lab TCS_Lab OMC_Lab CRIME_Lab FEA ENG_Labs OptContFac Mariner WBEEShop
  40m Log, Page 117 of 339  Not logged in ELOG logo
ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  1963   Tue Sep 1 13:52:06 2009 steveConfigurationGeneralPOX rfpd is back & needs alignment


I removed POX rfpd to see how it is mounted on its base. It is here on the work bench just in case someone wants to use it the IFO over the week end.

 I put POX back to it's place with markers. The pd was removed from it's base so it is for sure misaligned.

  1965   Thu Sep 3 11:20:26 2009 steveUpdateGeneralelectrical ground in place


I was told yesterday, that on Friday the construction people accidentally ripped out one of the 40m soil ground.....AND HOW MANY MORE ARE THERE? nobody knows.

It was ~8 ft long and 0.5" diameter buried in the ground. There is no drawing found to identify this exact building ground. They promised to replace this on Wednesday with a 10 ft long and 0.75" diameter.

The  the wall will be resealed where the conduit enters  the  north west corner of the IFO room 104


There should be no concern about safety because the 40m building main ground is connected to the CES Mezzanine step-down transformer.

 Atm1 is showing ground bus under N-breaker panel in 40m IFO room north-west corner.

The second ground bus is visible farther down south under M-breaker panel.

Atm2 is the new ground that will be connected to ground bus-N

  1980   Wed Sep 9 10:13:31 2009 steveBureaucracyGeneralthe use of FAX machine, scanner & toaster


 You said that the use of FAXST was forbidden for phds and graduate students. I had to swear on the promise of not ever buying an other FAXST

  2044   Fri Oct 2 17:00:06 2009 AlbertoUpdateGeneral40m Update - Requirements on the 5x Frequency Multiplier

Here's the gist of the requirements on the 5x frequency multiplier for the upgrade (see attachemnt - despite the preview down here in the elog, they're 3 pages).

An extended version is available on the wiki.

A more complete document is under work and will soon be available on the wiki as well.

  2070   Thu Oct 8 20:18:56 2009 KojiSummaryGeneralArm cavity loss

Last night (Oct 07), I ran armLoss script in order to obtain the latest numbers for the arm cavity loss.
Here is the summary

<<X arm>>
Measured arm reflectivity R_cav:
0.875 +/- 0.005
Estimated round trip loss L_RT: 157ppm +/- 8ppm
Estimated finesse F: 1213+/-2
Data Points: 34

<<Y arm>>
Measured arm reflectivity R_cav:
0.869 +/- 0.006
Estimated round trip loss L_RT: 166ppm +/- 8ppm
Estimated finesse F: 1211+/-2
Data Points: 26








TE=10ppm, LE=L_RT/2, RE=1-TE-LE
tE=Sqrt(TE), rE=Sqrt(RE)

TF=0.005, LF=L_RT/2, RF=1-TF-LF
tF=Sqrt(TF), rF=Sqrt(RF)

rcav = -rF +(tF^2 rE)/(1-rF rE)
R_cav = rcav^2

F = pi Sqrt(rF rE)/(1-rF rE)


  2071   Thu Oct 8 21:32:59 2009 KojiSummaryGeneralRecycling cavity loss

I looked at the data of the day before yesterday (Oct 06) to know how much is the recycling gain.

X arm: (TRX_PRecycled) / (TRX_PRMmisaligned) * T_PRM = 83.1/0.943*0.07 = 6.17
Y arm: (TRX_PRecycled) / (TRX_PRMmisaligned) * T_PRM = 99.2/1.017*0.07 = 6.83

==> G_PR = 6.5 +/- 0.5     (oh...this estimation is so bad...)

From the recycling gain and the arm cavity reflectance, one can get the loss in the recycling cavity.

G_PR = T_PRM  / (1-Sqrt(R_PRM * (1-L_PRC)*R_cav))^2

==> loss in the recycling cavity L_PRC: 0.009+/-0.009
       (About 1% loss is likely in the recycling cavity)


<<X arm>>
Measured arm reflectivity R_cav: 0.875 +/- 0.005
Estimated round trip loss L_RT: 157ppm +/- 8ppm
Estimated finesse F: 1213+/-2

<<Y arm>>
Measured arm reflectivity R_cav:
0.869 +/- 0.006
Estimated round trip loss L_RT: 166ppm +/- 8ppm
Estimated finesse F: 1211+/-2


  2091   Wed Oct 14 15:48:26 2009 MottHowToGeneralPhase Noise measurement

I have gotten the hang of the procedure for measuring phase noise on the AOMs. 

Koji suggested I right up a short guide (wiki page?) on how to do this. 

I will finish up here, then go measure the AOMs at the other lab (may have to be tomorrow, after laser safety), and then write up the instructions.

  2103   Fri Oct 16 12:40:59 2009 KojiConfigurationGeneralSome questions

Some questions came arise to me:

A. How the green injection system should be? How the handing off between 532 and 1064 should be?

This is not new, though. It would be worth reminding.

B. Do we still need PMC if we use 2W innolight?

Innolight has low intensity noise at the detection freq. Also the spacial mode is clean.

C. Do we still need frequency prestabilization by RC?

Is the stabilization of the laser freq by the MC not enough?
What is the relationship with the green?

  2108   Sun Oct 18 15:46:08 2009 AlbertoConfigurationGeneralAntique, unused QPD removed from the AS table

Inspecting the AS table to make an inventory of the photodiodes in use around the interferometer, I found a mysterious photodetector hiding behind PD1 (AS166).

It turned out the detector was an old type of QPD from the Squeezing Experiment a few years ago.

We removed the box and the cable to which it was connected from the table. We stored it in the optics cabinet along the X arm.

  2117   Mon Oct 19 13:00:53 2009 MottUpdateGeneralPhase Noise Measurement

Here is the result for the measurement of the phase noise.  We used the marconi function generator and compared it with an Isomet AOM driver (model 232A-1), so this is really a measure of the relative phase between them.  We used a 5x gain and a frequency response of 13 Hz/V for the modulation.  In all the attached plots, the blue is the data and the red is the measurement limit (as determined by the noise in the SRS785).  Also note that the units on the yaxis of the Phase noise plot are incorrect, they should be dB/Sqrt(Hz), I will fix this and edit as soon as possible.

  2140   Sun Oct 25 14:29:45 2009 haixing, kiwamuConfigurationGeneralSR785 spectrum analyzer

In this morning, we have disconnected SR785 which was in front of 1X2 rack, to measure a Hall sensor noise.

After a while, we put back SR785 and re-connected as it has been.

But the display setup might have been changed a little bit.


  2149   Tue Oct 27 15:55:04 2009 KojiUpdateGeneralISS injection work / HEPA is on

I was working on the ISS excitation to take TFs.

I used ISS IL excitation, stealing from a small box on the floor for the OMC.

All the configuration was restored except that the HEPA is on.

  2166   Sun Nov 1 17:58:44 2009 JenneUpdateGeneralUpdate on Video Switch

The current update on the Chameleon video switch is: no progress.

I connected the old laptop that Rob/Steve acquired via RS-232 serial to the back of the video switch.  I'm using P2, the same serial port that the C1AUX computer was connected to just in case there's something good about P2 vs. P1. 

I used HyperTerminal to (try to) talk to the switch.  Settings were:  COM1, bits per second = 9600, data bits = 8, parity = none, stop bits = 1, flow control = none.  I can successfully send/get back responses to the basic commands, I (inquiry as to the type of equipment), and H (help - spits out the list of acceptable commands).  But when I try to do an actual command to do some video switching, everything hangs.  The front panel's rolling display (which just echos the company name) stops, then starts up again after ~20sec.  The hyperterminal display doesn't change.  I get neither the "DONE" answerback, which would indicate that the command executed successfully, nor do I get the "ERROR" answerback, which would indicate that something is wrong.  It just hangs.  If I disconnect, and restart the connection, and instead of trying a real command, but instead just send 'blahblahblah', then it will answerback 'ERROR' the first time, and then if I try to send another garbage message, everything hangs again.  So, I can sort of talk to the video switch, but I can't make it do anything yet.

I'm leaving the laptop connected instead of C1AUX, since the video EPICS screen doesn't work anyway for now.  If you want to start up the connection, either input the settings quoted above, or open "40m Video", which should have these connection settings saved in HyperTerminal.

  2180   Thu Nov 5 16:24:40 2009 JenneUpdateGeneralDrill Press is down for the count

The on/off switch for the drill press is broken.  Replacement parts should be here tomorrow. 

  2202   Fri Nov 6 23:02:44 2009 HaixingUpdateGeneralSR785 Spectrum Analyzer

I am using SR785 Spectrum Analyzer now and also tomorrow. 
I will put it back on Sunday. If anyone needs it during the weekend,
please just take it and I can reset it by myself later. Thanks.

  2203   Sat Nov 7 23:50:45 2009 HaixingUpdateGeneralOpen-loop transfer function of the magnetic levitation system

I measured the open-loop transfer function of the magnetic levitation system.

The schematic block diagram for this measurement is the following:


I injected a signal at a level of 20mV between two preamplifiers, and the corresponding open-loop

transfer function is given by B/A.  I took a picture of the resulting measurement, because

I encountered some difficulties to save the data to the computer via the wireless network.

The bode plots for the transfer function shown on the screen is the following:



I am puzzled with the zero near 10 Hz. I think it should come from the mechanical response function, because there is no zero in the transfer functions

of the preamplifer and the coil itself. I am not sure at the moment.

The corresponding configuration of the levitated magnet is


  2218   Mon Nov 9 15:21:37 2009 JenneUpdateGeneralDrill Press is down for the count


The on/off switch for the drill press is broken.  Replacement parts should be here tomorrow. 

 Drill press is all better now.  A spare switch is in the top drawer with the drill bits.

  2245   Wed Nov 11 21:30:20 2009 HaixingUpdateGeneralmagnetic levitation modelling files uploaded to svn

I have created a directory under the svn. The link is https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:30889/svn/trunk/docs/haixing

In the directory, there are three folders are related to the magnetic levitation.


The experimental data is in the "experiment_data".


The comsol numerical modelling files are in "mag_levi_comsol_modelling" which contains "1x1 magnets",

"4x4 magnets" and "16x16 magnets" sub-folders where detailed modelling results are included.The mathematica

notebooks in those folders are used to produce the plots I posted on the wiki page.


The "mag_levi_feedback" contains the Simulink modelling of the feedback loop. To generate the plot for the

open-loop transfer function. One needs to ruc the "mag_lev.m" file.




  2275   Mon Nov 16 15:58:02 2009 josephbConfigurationGeneralAdded Gige camera to AP table, added some screens

I placed a GC750 gige camera looking at a pickoff of the AS port, basically next to the analog camera, on the AP table.

I've modified the main sitemap to include a CAM button, for the digital cameras.  There's a half done screen associated with it.  At the moment, it reports on the X and Y center of mass calculation, the exposure setting, and displays a little graph with a dot indicating the COM of mass location.  Currently this screen is associated a GC750 camera looking at pickoff of the AS port.  I'm having some issues with getting shell scripts to run from it, as well as a slider having limits other than 0 and 0.

  2284   Tue Nov 17 21:09:17 2009 Jenne, ranaUpdateGeneralLittle Thorlabs Photodiode

[Rana, Jenne]

We opened up the little Thorlabs battery operated PD to see what was inside.  Rana took some pictures, and I drew a schematic (attached).  It's just a diode, biased with a battery (albeit a crazy 22.5V battery).

Comment by KA: PD is Hamamatsu S1223-01 Si PIN diode.

What a crazy battery. The main point is that it looks like this can be used for reasonable purposes: uses a load resistor on the BNC connector and you can use some pre-amp (e.g. Busby box or SR560) to have a low noise PD readout. You can also use the SR560 in its A-B mode as an 'opamp'. Ground the A input and the use a pole at 1 Hz and make the Output go into the B input through some large series resistor. The BNC from the PD gets Teed into the B input as well.

Then this becomes a transimpedance circuit readout of the diode, using the current noise of the SR560 as the limit.

  2362   Mon Dec 7 19:02:22 2009 MottUpdateGeneralReflectivity Measurements

I have made some measurements of the R value for some coatings we are interested in.  The plots have statistical error bars from repeated measurements, but I would suspect that these do not dominate the noise, and would guess these should be trusted to plus or minus 5% or so.  They still should give some indication of how useful these coatings will be for the green light.  I plan to measure for the ITM as soon as possible, but with the venting and finals this may not be until late this week.


EDIT (12/9/09): I fixed the label on the y axis of the plots, and changed them to png format.

  2392   Thu Dec 10 18:27:48 2009 MottUpdateGeneralUpdated R & T Measurements

Attached are updated plots of the T&R Measurements for a variety of mirrors, and diagrams for the setup used to make the measurements.

T is plotted for the 1064 nm measurement, since these mirrors are highly reflective at 1064, and either R or R&T are plotted for the 532 nm measurement, depending on how larger the R signal is.

As with the previous set of plots, the error bars here are purely statistical, and there are certainly other sources of error not accounted for in these plots.  In general, the T measurement was quite stable, and the additional errors
are probably not enormous, perhaps a few percent.

The mirrors are:







  2401   Fri Dec 11 17:36:37 2009 kiwamuUpdateGeneralIFO restoring plan

Alberto, Jenne, Kiwamu


We together will lead the IFO restoring and the following is our plan.

- - - - -|- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

#.0     |  measuring the free swinging spectra                     (weekend by kiwamu)   DONE

#.1     |  turn ON the PZTs for steering mirror and so on.         (Dec.14 Mon.) DONE

#. 1            |    lock around PSL  DONE

#.2     |  deal with mechanical shutter                            (Dec.14 Mon.)DONE

#.3     |  lock MCs                                                (Dec.14 Mon.)DONE

#.4     |  align the IFO                                           (Dec.15 Tue.)DONE

#.5     |  lock full IFO                                           (Dec.15 Tue.)DONE

- - - - -|- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Thank you.

  2415   Mon Dec 14 19:33:04 2009 AlbertoUpdateGeneralArm Cavity Poles measured again after cleaning the optics last week

Last week we vented and we cleaned the main optics of the arm cavities.

I measured the frequency of the cavity poles for both the arm cavities to see how they changed (see previous elog entry 2226). These the results:

fp_X = 1616 +/- 14 Hz

fp_Y = 1590 +/- 4 Hz

The error is the statistical error that I got with the Matlab NonLinearLeastSquare fitting function.
I calculated the cavity pole frequencies by measuring the transfer function between a photodiode located at the end of the arms (either X or Y) and another photodiode placed after the mode cleaner. Both diodes where Thorlabs PDA255.
(Last time, I had measured that the pair of diode had a flat calibration).
With the SR785 I measured the transfer function by exciting the OMC_ISS_EXC input cable.
For both arms I set to 1V the excitation amplitude. I repeated the measurements for different excitation amplitudes without observing any changes.
I then fitted the data with the NonLinearLeastSquare function of matlab. The script I wrote to do that is attached to this entry in a compressed file.
The files also contains the PDF with the output plots and the data from both set of measurements performed before and after the cleaning.
The data is commented in a file called measurements.log.
In the end I disabled again the test switch on the ISS MEDM screen.
I disconnected the excitation cable from the OMC_ISS_EXC input cable.
I removed the photodiode that measured the Mode Cleaner transmission from the PSL clearing the way for the beam to get back to its path to the RFAM photodiode.
  2416   Mon Dec 14 22:32:56 2009 KojiUpdateGeneralArm cavity loss ~ result

I like to ask someone to review the calculation on the wiki.

In the calculation, the round trip loss and the front mirror T are the unknown variables.
The end mirror T of 10ppm was assumed. (End mirror T)+(Round trip loss) is almost invariant, and T_end does not change the other results much.

Arm cavity loss measurement (Dec. 14, 2009)

X Arm:
  • Arm visibility (given): 0.897 +/- 0.005 (20 pts) (2.5%UP!!)
  • Cut off freq (given): 1616 +/- 14 [Hz] (2.1%UP!!)
  • Finesse (derived): 1206 +/- 10 (2.1%UP!!)
  • Round Trip loss (estimated): 127 +/- 6 [ppm] (28%DOWN!!)
  • Front Mirror T (estimated): 0.00506 +/- 0.00004
Y Arm:
  • Arm visibility (given): 0.893 +/- 0.004 (20 pts) (2.1%UP!!)
  • Cut off freq (given): 1590 +/- 4 [Hz] (8.2%UP!!)
  • Finesse (derived): 1220 +/- 3 (8.2%UP!!)
  • Round Trip loss (estimated): 131 +/- 6 [ppm] (37%DOWN!!)
  • Front Mirror T (estimated): 0.00500 +/- 0.00001 

Previous measurement (Oct 07, 2009 & Nov 10, 2009)

X Arm:  

  • Arm visibility (given): 0.875 +/- 0.005 (34 pts)
  • Cut off freq (given): 1650 +/- 70 [Hz]
  • Finesse (derived): 1181 +/- 50
  • Round Trip loss (estimated): 162 +/- 10 [ppm]
  • Front Mirror T (estimated): 0.0051 +/- 0.0002

Y Arm: 

  • Arm visibility (given): 0.869 +/- 0.006 (26 pts)
  • Cut off freq (given): 1720 +/- 70 [Hz]
  • Finesse (derived): 1128 +/- 46
  • Round Trip loss (estimated): 179 +/- 12 [ppm]
  • Front Mirror T (estimated): 0.0054 +/- 0.0002
  2418   Tue Dec 15 05:29:31 2009 AlbertoUpdateGeneralArm Cavity Poles measured again after cleaning the optics last week


 The Y arm cavity pole moved down by 130 Hz, whereas the X arm moved by only 34 Hz. I wonder if that is because Kiwamu spent much more time on cleaning ITMY than on any other optic.

  2419   Tue Dec 15 17:16:22 2009 KojiUpdateGeneralTable distance measurements

During the vent we have tried to measure the distances of the optical tables for BS-ITMX and BS-ITMY.
We need to take into account the difference between the AutoCAD drawing and the reality.

X direction distance of the table center for BS and ITMX:
84.086" (= 2135.8mm)
(This is 84.0000" in AutoCAD drawing)

Y direction distance of the table center for BS and ITMX:
83.9685" (= 2132.8mm)
(This is 83.5397" in AutoCAD drawing)

We used two scales attached each other in order to measure the distance of the certain holes on the tables.

We got more numbers that were estimated from several separated measurements.
I think they were not so accurate, but just as a record, I also put the figure as an attachment 2.

  2446   Tue Dec 22 15:49:31 2009 kiwamuUpdateGenerale-log restarted

I found the e-log has been down around 3:40pm, then I restarted the e-log. Now it's working.


  2452   Sat Dec 26 19:22:13 2009 KojiSummaryGeneralMode coupling of two astigmatic beams

In this note, amplitude and power couplings of two astigmatic (0,0)-th order gaussian modes are calculated.

  2467   Wed Dec 30 10:58:48 2009 AlbertoUpdateGeneralAll watchdogs tripped this morning

This morning I found all the watchdogs had tripped during the night.

I restored them all.

I can't damp ITMX. I noticed that its driving matrix is all 1s and -1s as the the right values had been lost in some previous burtrestoring.

  2468   Wed Dec 30 18:01:03 2009 Alberto, RanaUpdateGeneralAll watchdogs tripped this morning


This morning I found all the watchdogs had tripped during the night.

I restored them all.

I can't damp ITMX. I noticed that its driving matrix is all 1s and -1s as the the right values had been lost in some previous burtrestoring.


Rana fixed the problem. He found that the side damping was saturating. He lowered the gain a little for a while, waited for the the damping to slow down the optic and then he brought the gain back where it was.

He also upadted the MEDM screen snapshot.

  2470   Wed Dec 30 22:17:07 2009 kiwamuUpdateGeneralCamera input and monitor output

The input channels of the cameras and the output channels for the monitors are summarized on the wiki.

The channel table on the wiki is very helpful when you want to make a change in the video matrix.

thank you.

  2474   Mon Jan 4 17:26:01 2010 MottUpdateGeneralT & R plots for Y1 and Y1S mirrors

The most up-to-date T and R plots for the Y1 and Y1S mirrors, as well as a T measurement for the ETM, can be found on:



  2499   Sun Jan 10 23:22:56 2010 JenneSummaryGeneralScattering Measurements of 35W Beam Dumps

On Friday, Rana and I measured the scatter coming from the 35W beam dumps.

(These are the ones with big aluminum heat sinks on the back that kind of look like little robots with 2 legs...inside the horn is a piece of polished silicon at Brewster's Angle.)



For the measurement, we used the Scatterometer setup at the 40m on the small optical table near MC2. 

We used a frequency of 1743 Hz for the Chopper, and this was also used as the reference frequency for the SR830 Lock-In Amplifier. 

The settings on the Lock-In were as follows:

Input A


AC coupled

Floating input

"Low Noise"

Time Constant = 1sec

'Scope reading Output A, Output A set to 'Display', and A's display set to "R" (as in magnitude).

Sensitivity changed throughout the experiment, so that's quoted for each measurement.



White Paper Calibration - white paper placed just in front of Beam Dump.  Sensitivity = 500microVolts.  Reading on 'scope = 7V

Laser Shuttered.  Sensitivity = 500microVolts. 'scope reading = 9mV.

Black Glass at Beam Dump location.  Sensitivity = 500microVolts.  Reading on 'scope = 142mV.   (DON'T touch the glass....measure the same setup with different sensitivity)

Black Glass at Beam Dump location (Not Touched since prev. measurement). Sensitivity = 10microVolts. Reading on 'scope = 6.8V

Laser Shuttered. Sensitivity = 10microVolts. 'scope Reading = 14mV +/- 10mV (lots of fluctuation).

Black Glass Wedge Dump at Beam Dump location. Sensitivity = 10microVolts. 'scope = 100mV.

Beam Dump with original shiny front plate. Sensitivity = 10microVolts.  'scope railing at 11V

Beam Dump with front plate removed. Sensitivity = 10microVolts. 'scope reading = 770mV

Beam Dump, no front plate, but horn's opening surrounded by 2 pieces of Black Glass (one per side ~1cm opening), BG is NOT flush with the opening...it's at an angle relative to where the front plate was.  Sensitivity = 10microV. 'scope = 160mV +/- 20mV.

Beam Dump, no front plate, only 1 piece of Black Glass. Sensitivity = 10microV. 'scope reading = 260mV.

Beam Dump, no front plate, 2 pieces of Black Glass, normal incidence (the BG is flush with where the front plate would have been). Sensitivity = 10microV. 'Scope reading = ~600mV



Using our calibration numbers (Black Glass measured at 2 different sensitivities, not touching the setup between the measurements), we can find the calibration between our 2 different sets of measurements (at 500microV and 10microV), to compare our Beam Dump with regular white paper. 

BG at 500uV was 142mV.  BG at 10uV was 6.8V.    6.8V/0.142V = 47.9 

So the white paper, which was measured at 500uV sensitivity, would have been (7V * 47.9) = 335 V in 10uV sensitivity units. 

This is compared to the BG wedge dump at 10uV sensitivity of 100mV, and the Beam Dump reading of 770mV, and the Beam Dump with-black-glass-at-the-opening reading of 160mV.

So our Silicon/Steel horn dump is ~8x worse than a Black Glass wedge and (335 / 0.77) = 435x better than white paper.

We used regular white paper as a calibration because it has a Lambertian reflectance. For some general idea of how to do these kinds of scatter measurements, you can look at this MZ doc.

Assuming that our white paper had a BRDF of (1/pi)/steradian, we can estimate some numbers for our setup:

Sensitivity (signal with the laser shuttered) = (0.02 / 335 / pi) = 2 x 10^-5 / sr.   This is ~3x worse than the best black glass surfaces.

Our wedge = (0.1 / 335 / pi) = 1 x 10^-4 / sr.  Needs a wipe.

Our Silicon-Steel Horn = (0.75 / 335 / pi) = 7 x 10^-4 / steradian.

Our measurements were all made at a small angle since we are interested in scatter back along the incoming beam. We were using a 1" lens to collect the scatter onto a PDA55. The distance from the beam to the center of the lens was ~2" and the detector's lens was ~20" from the front of the horn. So that's an incident angle of ~3 deg.


* It seems that any front plate other than Black Glass is probably worse than just having no front plate at all.

* If we put in a front plate, it shouldn't be normal to the incident beam.  Black Glass at normal incidence was almost at the same level as having no front plate. So if we're going to bother with a front plate, it should be about 30deg or 40deg from where the original front plate was.

* No front plate on the Dump is about 7x a Black Glass wedge dump.

* The silicon looks like it might have some dust on it (as well as the rest of the inside of the horn).  We should clean everything.  (Maybe with deionized nitrogen?)

* We should remeasure the Beam Dump using polished steel at a small (30-40deg) angle as the front plate. 



 * Photos taken with the Olympus camera, which has its IR blocker removed.

* In the photo you can see that we have a lot of reflection off of the horn on the side opposite from the silicon.

* The 2nd picture is of the scatterometer setup.

  2500   Mon Jan 11 09:18:44 2010 AlbertoUpdateGeneralMeasurement running

I'm working on the AbsL experiment. A measurement which involved the PRC locked is running at the moment.

Please make sure of not interfering with the interferometer until it is done. Thank you.

  2507   Tue Jan 12 09:14:52 2010 steveSummaryGeneralScattering Measurements of 35W Beam Dumps


 What was the power level, polarization and beam size at beam trap?

  2568   Wed Feb 3 11:13:15 2010 steveConfigurationGeneralplaned power outage for Sat. Feb 20

The electrical shop has to connect the new power transformer at CES. This means we will have no AC power for ~8 hrs on Saturday, February 20

Is this date good for us to power down ALL equipment in the lab?

Rana:  Yes

  2585   Wed Feb 10 16:27:47 2010 steveConfigurationGeneral IFO beam heights

IN VACUUM beam heights are ALL 5.5"  This is measured from the top of the optical table to the center of all TMs, mirrors and other optical components. This beam is ~36" above the floor.

PSL (inside of enclosure) main-output  beam: PMC, MZ, RC and ISS  are at 3" heights. IOO Angle & Position, MC-Trans and RFAM qpds are at 4"

ALL OTHER beam heights at atmosphere and  different ISCT (interferrometer sensing, control optical table)s are at 4"



  2612   Thu Feb 18 10:10:43 2010 steveConfigurationGeneral480 V AC power turned off

Only the 40m cranes are running on 480VAC The electricians are rewiring this transformer on the mezzanine so it was shut down.

I tested all three cranes before the 480V power was turned off. The last thing to do with the cranes to wipe them down before use.

It will happen on next Tuesday morning.

  2617   Fri Feb 19 13:28:44 2010 KojiUpdateGeneralPrep for Power Supply Stop

- ETMX/ETMY oplev paths renewed. The nominal gain for ETMY YAW was reversed as a steering mirror has been put.
- Oplevs/QPDs cenrtered except for the MCT QPD.
- SUS snapshots updated
- QPD/Aligment screenshots taken

40m Wiki: Preparation for power supply stop

  2620   Sun Feb 21 17:44:35 2010 ranaUpdateGeneralPrep for Power Supply Stop
  • Turned on the RAID attached to linux1 (its our /cvs/cds disk)
  • Turned on linux1 (it needed a keyboard and monitor in order to be happy - no fsck required)
  • Turned on nodus (and started ELOG) + all the control room machines
  • Turned on B/W monitors
  • Untaped fridge

  • Found several things OFF which were not listed in the Wiki...
  • Turned ON the 2 big isolation transformers (next to Steve's desk and under the printer). These supply all of the CDS racks inside.
  • ~75% of the power strips were OFF in the CDS racks ?? I turned on as many as I could find (except the OMC).
  • Switched on and keyed on all of the FE and SLOW crates in no particular order. Some of the fans sound bad, but otherwise OK.
  • Turned on all of the Sorensens that are labeled.
  • Turned ON the linear supplies close to the LSC rack.
  • ON the Marconis - set them according to the labels on them (probably out-dated).
  • After restoring power to the PSL enclosure (via the Isolation Transformer under the printer) turned the Variac ON and HEPA on full speed.
  • Plugged in the PSs for the video quads. Restored the Video MUX settings - looks like we forgot to save the correct settings for this guy...


1) Turned on the chiller, then the MOPA, then the RC's Heater power supply.
2) Shutter is open, laser is lasing, PMC is locked.
3) RC temperature is slowly rising. Will probably be thermalized by tomorrow.

Sun Feb 21 20:04:17 2010
Framebuilder is not mounting its RAID frames - in fact, it doesn't mount anything because the mountall command is failing on the RAID with the frames. The Jetstor RAID is also not responding to ping. Looks like the JetStor RAID which has all of our frames is still on the old 131 network, Joe.
  2621   Mon Feb 22 07:25:58 2010 ranaUpdateGeneralPrep for Power Supply Stop

Autoburts have not been working since the network changeover last Thursday.

Last snapshot was around noon on Feb 11...  

It turns out this happened when the IP address got switched from 131.... to 192.... Here's the horrible little piece of perl code which was failing:

$command = "/usr/sbin/ifconfig -a > $temp";

   open(TEMP,$temp) || die "Cannot open file $temp\n";
   $site = "undefined";
   # this is a horrible way to determine site location                                                   
   while ($line = <TEMP>) {
     if ($line =~ /10\.1\./) {
       $site = "lho";
     } elsif ($line =~ /10\.100\./) {
       $site = "llo";
     } elsif ($line =~ /192\.168\./) {
       $site = "40m";
   if ($site eq "undefined") {
     die "Cannot Determine Which LIGO Observatory this is\n";

I've now put in the correct numbers for the 40m...and its now working as before. I also re-remembered how the autoburt works:

1) op340m has a line in its crontab to run /cvs/cds/caltech/burt/autoburt/burt.cron (I've changed this to now run at 7 minutes after the hour instead of at the start of the hour).

2) burt.cron runs /cvs/cds/scripts/autoburt.pl (it was using a perl from 1999 to run this - I've now changed it to use the perl 5.8 from 2002 which was already in the path).

3) autoburt.pl looks through every directory in 'target' and tries to do a burt of its .req file.

Oh, and it looks like Joe has fixed the bug where only op440m could ssh into op340m by editing the host.allow or host.deny file (+1 point for Joe).

But he forgot to elog it (-1 point for Joe).®

  2622   Mon Feb 22 09:45:34 2010 josephbUpdateGeneralPrep for Power Supply Stop


Autoburts have not been working since the network changeover last Thursday.

Last snapshot was around noon on Feb 11...  

It turns out this happened when the IP address got switched from 131.... to 192.... Here's the horrible little piece of perl code which was failing:

$command = "/usr/sbin/ifconfig -a > $temp";

   open(TEMP,$temp) || die "Cannot open file $temp\n";
   $site = "undefined";
   # this is a horrible way to determine site location                                                   
   while ($line = <TEMP>) {
     if ($line =~ /10\.1\./) {
       $site = "lho";
     } elsif ($line =~ /10\.100\./) {
       $site = "llo";
     } elsif ($line =~ /192\.168\./) {
       $site = "40m";
   if ($site eq "undefined") {
     die "Cannot Determine Which LIGO Observatory this is\n";

I've now put in the correct numbers for the 40m...and its now working as before. I also re-remembered how the autoburt works:

1) op340m has a line in its crontab to run /cvs/cds/caltech/burt/autoburt/burt.cron (I've changed this to now run at 7 minutes after the hour instead of at the start of the hour).

2) burt.cron runs /cvs/cds/scripts/autoburt.pl (it was using a perl from 1999 to run this - I've now changed it to use the perl 5.8 from 2002 which was already in the path).

3) autoburt.pl looks through every directory in 'target' and tries to do a burt of its .req file.

Oh, and it looks like Joe has fixed the bug where only op440m could ssh into op340m by editing the host.allow or host.deny file (+1 point for Joe).

But he forgot to elog it (-1 point for Joe).®

I knew there was going to be a script somewhere with a hard coded IP address.  My fault for missing it.  However, in regards to the removal of op340m's host.deny file, I did elog it here.  Item number 5.

  2625   Mon Feb 22 11:42:48 2010 KojiUpdateGeneralPrep for Power Supply Stop

Turned on the power supply for the oplev lasers.
Turned on the power of the aux NPRO.
Turned on some of the Sorensen at 1X1.
Fixed the thermal output to round -4.0.
Locked PMC / MZ.

Waiting for the computers recovering.

  2630   Tue Feb 23 06:47:57 2010 KojiUpdateGeneralIFO situations / low power MC lock

Work on 22nd Monday:

[MC recovery]

- Tried to lock MC after the computer recovery by Joe.
- A lot of higher modes. I can touch the input periscope or the MC mirrors.
- First tried to align the MC mirrors. MC1 was aligned against the MC REFL PD. MC2/3 was aligned to maximize the transmitted power.
- After the alignment, I got the MC Trans Sum ~8V. Also I saw the flashing of the arm cavities. I decided to take this alignment although the beam looks little bit clipped by the faraday.

[IFO alignment recovery]

- Aligned the arms for TEM00 manually.
- Arm alignment script seems not working now. This could come from the move of the end QPDs
- PRMI/DRMI were aligned. All alignment values saved.

[Low power MC]

[Optical config]

- I fixed the MCT CCD camera. It is quite useful to align the MC.

- Inserted HWP+Cube PBS+HWP combo in the MC incident path.
- First HWP and PBS adjust the light power. The second HWP is fixed at 342deg such that it restores the poralization to S.
- The incident power was measured by the SCIENTECH power meter. Offset of 3mW was subtracted in the table below.

HWP1 angle P_MC_incident comment
126deg 1.03W Max
100 0.39  
90 0.098 Low power max
85 0.021 Low power nominal

- HWP1 85deg is the nominal.

- I needed to touch the steering mirror (indicated by the picture) to obtain TEM00.
  The alignment of the HWPs and the cube PBS didn't change the mode. Thermal lense of the cube?

- I could not lock the MC with the incident power below 100mW. So the BS in the MC REFL path was replaced by a total reflector (Y1-45S).
- This increased the power on the MC REFL PD x10 of the previous. NOW WE ARE CONSTRAINED BETWEEN 81deg~90deg. DON'T ROTATE FURTHER!
- The original BS was stored on the AP table as shown in the picture.
- This total reflector disabled the MC WFS QPDs. We can't use them.

[Lock of the MC with 20mW incident]
- Disable the MC autolocker.
- Disable the MC WFS.
- Run
- Turn on the MCL servo.
- Set the MCL gain to 1.5 (it was nominally 0.3 for the high power)
- Just wait until lock.

[Gain boost after the lock] ...If you like to have more gain
- There was almost no room to increase the MCL gain.
- MC_REFL_GAIN can be increased from +6dB to +20dB
  ezcawrite "C1:IOO-MC_REFL_GAIN" 20
- MC_VCO_GAIN can be increased from -3dB to +2dB
  ezcawrite "C1:IOO-MC_VCO_GAIN" 2
- Crank the FSS gains
  ezcawrite C1:PSL-FSS_MGAIN `ezcaread -n C1:PSL-STAT_FSS_NOM_C_GAIN`
  ezcawrite C1:PSL-FSS_FASTGAIN `ezcaread -n C1:PSL-STAT_FSS_NOM_F_GAIN`

[If lock is lost]
- Run

  2632   Tue Feb 23 14:56:24 2010 steveUpdateGeneralETMX optical table mass

Our janitor dropped one 48" long  fluorescent tube on the top cover of ETMX-isct. This accident made glasses fly all over the place.

He cleaned up nicely, but please beware of small glass pieces around ETMX chamber.

We did not clean up on the table in order to reserve oplev and green ITMX pointing alignment.

Plot below shows that the alignment was not effected.



  2639   Thu Feb 25 11:21:06 2010 KojiUpdateGeneralTanks opened

[Steve, Bob, Joe, Zach, Alberto, Kiwamu, Koji]

We opened the OMC-IMC access connector, ITMX North door, and ITMY West door.
We worked from 9:30-11:00.
The work was quite smooth thanks to the nice preparation of Steve as usual.

Thank the team for the great work!


  2643   Fri Feb 26 11:48:36 2010 KojiUpdateGeneralMC incident beam shift

Last night I worked on the MC incident beam such that we can hit the center of the MC mirrors.

Steve and I checked the incident beam on MC1. We found the beam is ~5mm south.
This was not too critical but it is better to be realigned. I moved the steering mirror on the OMC
table (in vac). We kept the MC resonated. After the maximization of the resonance, I realigned the
MC1 and MC3 such that the resonance in dominated by TEM00.

Jenne, Kiwamu, and I then closed the light door on to the OMC/IMC.

I will make more detailed entry with photos in order to explain what and how I did.

  2645   Sun Feb 28 16:45:05 2010 ranaSummaryGeneralPower ON Recovery
  1. Turned ON the RAID above linux1.
  2. Hooked up a monitor and keyboard and then turned ON linux1.
  3. After linux1 booted, turned ON nodus - then restarted apache and elog on it using the wiki instructions.
  4. Turned on all of the control room workstatiions, tuned Pandora to Johnny Cash, started the auto package updater on Rosalba (517 packages).
  5. Started the startStrip script on op540m.
  6. turned on RAID for frames - wait for it to say 'SATA', then turn on daqctrl and then fb40m and then daqawg and then dcuepics
  7. turned on all the crates for FEs, Sorensens, Kepcos for LSC, op340m, mafalda was already on
  8. fb40m again doesn't mount the RAID again!
  9. I turned on fb40m2 and that fixes the problem. The fb40m /etc/vfstab points to, not the JetStor IP address.
  10. I plugged in the Video Switch - its power cord was disconnected.
  11. FEs still timing out saying 'no response from EPICS', but Alberto is now here.

Sun Feb 28 18:23:09 2010

Hi. This is Alberto. Its Sun Feb 28 19:23:09 2010

  1. Turned on c1dcuepics, c0daqctrl and c0daqawg. c0daqawg had a "bad"status on the daqdetail medm screen. The FEs still don't come up.
  2. Rebooted c1dcuepics and power cycled c0daqctrl and c0daqawg. The problem is still there.
  3. Turned on c1omc. Problem solved.
  4. Rebooted c1dcuepics and power cycled c0daqctrl and c0daqawg. c0daqawg now good. The FE are coming up.
  5. Plugged in the laser for ETMY's oplev
  6. Turned on the laser of ETMX's oplev from its key.

 Monday, March 1, 9:00 2010 Steve turns on PSL-REF cavity ion pump HV at 1Y1

  2664   Tue Mar 9 09:32:31 2010 KojiSummaryGeneralWideband measurement of Fast PZT response

I have measured a wideband response of the fast PZT in the LWE NPRO 700mW in the Alberto's setup.
This is a basic measurement to determine how much phase modulation we can obtain by actuating the fast PZT,
primarily for the green locking experiment.


  • Above 200kHz, there are many resonances that screws up the phase.
  • Modulation of 0.1rad can be easily obtained even at 10MHz if the modulation frequency is scanned.
  • Change of the laser frequency in DC was observed depending on the modulation frequency.
    i.e. At the resonance the laser frequency escaped from the RF spectrum analyzer.
    This may induced by the heat dissipation in the PZT causing the temperature change of the crystal.
  • Some concerns: Is there any undesired AM by the PZT modulation?



1. Locked the PLL of for the PSL-NPRO beating at 20MHz.

2. Added the modulation signal to the NPRO PZT input.
I used the output of the network analyzer sweeping from 100kHz to 1MHz.

3. Measured the transfer function from the modulation input to the PLL error signal.
The PLL error is sensitive to the phase fluctuation of the laser. Found that the first resonance is at 200kHz.
The TF is not valid below 3kHz where the PLL suppresses the modulation.

4. Single frequency modulation: Disconnected the PLL setup.
Plug Marconi into the fast PZT input and modulate it at various frequencies.
Observing with the RF spectrum analyzer, I could see strong modulation below 1MHz.
It turned out later that the TF measurement missed the narrow peaks of the resonances due to the poor freq resolution.

Also the modulation depth varies frequency by frequency because of the resonances.
Scanned the frequency to have local maximum of the modulation depth. Adjusted the
modulation amplitude such that the carrier is suppressed
(J0(m)=0 i.e. m~2.4). As I could not obtain
the carrier suppression at above 1MHz, the height of the carrier and the sidebands were measured.

The modulation frequency was swept from 100kHz to 10MHz.

5. Calibration. The TF measured has been calibrated using the modulation depth obtained at 100Hz,
where the resonance does not affect the response yet.

The responce of the PZT was ~10MHz/V below 30kHz. Looks not so strange although this valure is
little bit high from the spec (2MHz/V), and still higher than my previous experience at TAMA (5MHz/V).
Note that this calibration does not effect to the modulation depth of the single freq measurement as they are independent.

ELOG V3.1.3-