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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  277   Sun Jan 27 13:13:21 2008 tobinMetaphysicsGeneraldeparture
It's been grand. Thanks for having me!

GWAVES IN '08!

Sugar napoleons may be forwarded to T. F., c/o LLO, P.O. Box 940, Livingston, LA 70754-0940.
  288   Thu Jan 31 12:39:14 2008 JohnConfigurationGeneralY arm test mass cameras
I've adjusted the test mass cameras on the y arm to make the beam injected through ETMY more visible.
  328   Thu Feb 21 18:29:28 2008 JohnSummaryGeneralHP Network Analyser Analyzer
The HP 4195A network analyser may be broken, measurements below 150MHz are not reliable. Above 150MHz everything looks normal. This may be caused by a problem with its output (the one you'd use as an excitation) which is varying in amplitude in a strange way.

Analyzer
  377   Thu Mar 13 18:20:29 2008 JohnUpdateGeneralNew Focus 4003 EOM 29.489MHz
I measured the modulation index as a function of drive power using an OSA. Agrees well with spec of 0.2 rad/V.
  395   Sun Mar 23 00:43:08 2008 mevansHowToGeneralOnline Adaptive Filtering
I wrote a short document about the OAF running on the ASS. Since there is no BURT setup, I put a script in /cvs/cds/caltech/scripts to help with setting initial parameters: upass.
  409   Wed Apr 2 15:03:51 2008 steveUpdateGeneralreflectivity of black glass
The reflectivity of black glass, shade 12 was supplied by Donald O'Shea
of Emerald Glass Inc., Westlake, OH 44145

The reflectivity of this glass was measured as shown

Old 1064 nm Crysta Laser with poor beam quality was the source.
  417   Mon Apr 7 18:58:49 2008 steveUpdateGeneralreflectivity of SS304
The reflectivity of stainless steel 304 super polished # 8 was measured the same way as elog entry 409

The reflectivity: 74 +- 1 % from incident angle 10 to 80 degrees
  446   Thu Apr 24 23:50:10 2008 ranaUpdateGeneralSyringes in George the Freezer
There are some packets of syringes in the freezer which are labeled as belonging to an S. Waldman.
Thu Apr 24 23:48:55 2008

Be careful of them, don't give them out to the undergrads, and just generally leave them alone. I
will consult with the proper authorities about it.
  478   Thu May 15 10:40:21 2008 steveHowToGeneralLisa Goggin, PhD
Lisa Goggin successfully defended her thesis on May, 13 2008

"A Search For Gravitational Waves from Perturbed Black Hole Ringdowns in Ligo Data"

She started out as a surf student in the 40m.

Congratulation!
  483   Fri May 16 17:27:55 2008 AndreyOmnistructureGeneralToilets are broken, do not use them !!!

Both toilets in 40-meter were constantly flushing, the leaking water was on the floor inside of the restrooms, so

BOTH RESTROOMS ARE CLOSED TILL MONDAY


I have heard the constant loud sound of flushing water, opened the door, and was unpleasantly surprised because all the floor was under the layer of water and the toilets were constantly flushing. I called security at X5000, a plumber came in and told that a team of plumbers needs to repair the flushing system after the weekend. The plumber today just shut off the flushing water, wiped off the floor and told not to use the restrooms in the weekend. We should expect a team of plumbers on Monday.

Sinks are working, so you can wash your hands.
  494   Fri May 23 21:21:52 2008 CarynSummaryGeneralfiltering mode cleaner with wiener filter
I tried filtering some saved MC_L data (from Mon May19 4:30pm) with multiple MISO filters of different orders, with various sampling rates, at different times. Plotted the max rms error (where error is signal minus signal-estimate). 2min of data (around Mon May19 4:30pm) were used to calculate each filter. And each filter was applied to data at later times to see how well it performed as time progressed. Plots are attached. There appears to have been a disturbance during the 3rd hour. Rana pointed out perhaps it would be better to use data from the evening rather than during the day.
  546   Thu Jun 19 20:22:03 2008 ranaUpdateGeneralFE Computer Status
I called Rolf (@LLO) who called Alex (@MIT) who suggested that we power cycle every crate
with an RFM connection as we did before (twice in the past year).

Rob and I followed Yoichi around the lab as he turned off and on everything. There
was no special order; he started at the Y-end and worked his way into the corner and
finishing at the X-End. Along the way we also reset the 2 RFM switches around fb0.

This cured the EPICS problem; the FEs could now boot and received the EPICS data.

However, there are still some residual channel hopping-ish issues which Rob and Yoichi are
now working on.
  551   Sun Jun 22 21:38:49 2008 robHowToGeneralIFO CONFIGURE

Now that we're getting back into locking, it's nice to have a stable alignment of the interferometer.
Thus, after you're done with your experiment using subsets of the interferometer (such as a single arm),

please use the IFO_CONFIGURE screen, and click "Restore last Auto-Alignment" in the yellow "Full IFO" section.

If you don't know what this means/how to do this, you shouldn't be using the interferometer on your own.
  555   Mon Jun 23 21:51:19 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralArm Cavity Length Measurement
We measured the arm cavity lengths sweeping the ETM mirror position and looking at the reflected demodulated output. We excited the mirror by a sine wave of 0.2 Hz and amplitude of 30000 counts. From the time series of the occurrences of the resonances of the sidebands and of the carrier we evaluated the free spectral range of the cavities and thus the lengths. The details of the procedure are explained in the attached document. As discussed in it, for each cavity we obtain two possible values of the length depending on which of the sideband resonances is that corresponding to the upper sideband and which corresponds to the lower one instead. The numbers are:
Lx=(38.30 +/- 0.08)m / (38.45 +/- 0.08)m
Ly=(38.16 +/- 0.08)m / (38.70 +/- 0.08)m

Since the difference between the two possibilities is quite large, we should be able to decide which one is correct by somehow measuring directly the cavity length. We want to try it tomorrow by a tape meter.


Alberto and Koji
  556   Tue Jun 24 10:24:43 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ Cavity Swing Measurement (2)
At the entry 555, Alberto reported the results of the cavity length measurement using cavity sweeping.
As expected, each result inevitably has an ambiguity depending on which resonance do we take as an upper sideband.

In order to exclude this ambiguity Steve and Koji performed a primitive non-optical measurement using a tape and photos:
This morning Steve and Koji did tape measurements to know the lengths between the ITM/ETM chambers.
Yesterday, Koji took photos of the optical tables in vacuum to know the actual positions of the suspensions.

The results are shown in the figures attached. From those non-optical measurements the lengths of the X/Y arm are known to be 38.48+-0.03 / 38.67+-/0.03 [m].

Then, we could exclude the shorter lengths of the values in the entry 555. i.e. The Y arm is longer than the X arm about 0.2 m.

These approximate lengths will be used in the further precise measurements which use precise scans of the FSR frequencies.
  561   Wed Jun 25 00:35:40 2008 KojiSummaryGeneralOptical Layout on the AP table
I have visited the AP table in order to investigate where we are going to put the optical setup for the abs. length meas.
I have attached the PNG and PDF files to share the optical layout. It is not complete. Any comments or corrections are welcome.
  567   Wed Jun 25 13:38:22 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ Placement of the 700mW NPRO on the AP table
This morning I have put the 700mW NPRO on the AP table for the abs length measurement.

The RF amplifier was moved (the cables were not changed). I cleaned up some cable arrangements. I was keen not to disturb any of the other optical path. Even so, please let me know if any suspicious behaviour is found on the AP table.
  570   Thu Jun 26 01:08:22 2008 ranaConfigurationGeneralAlarm Handler Revived
I have revived the Alarm Handler by turning it on on op540m and adjusting the levels of
several of the alarming channels to not alarm (like laser power). The alarm levels are now
set to something reasonable and people should start actually paying attention to them.

I also removed the EO Shutter and Stacis alarm stuff since we don't use them.

To really get in and edit it, you have to close the Alarm Handler and edit the file
in /cvs/cds/caltech/alh/. It allows you to add/subtract useful channels and put in
guidance information.

If the alarm handler beeps about something, don't just close it or silence it, Steve. Just
fix it somehow (either set the threshold better or find the real cause).
  574   Thu Jun 26 14:06:00 2008 MashaUpdateGeneral500mW INNOLIGHT NPRO info
Below is the placement of 500mW INNOLIGHT NPRO mephisto laser. It is set up on the Symmetric Port table.
  590   Sun Jun 29 02:33:28 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ Optical setup (I)
I have constructed the beam injection optics for the abs length measurement.

The injection beam was coarsely aligned to the interferometer. The reflected beam from SRM was already seen at AS CCD.
I have attached the optical configration for this measurement and the optics layout at the AP table.

I am going to go to LHO for three weeks. During the absence Alberto tunes the mode matching and the alignment of the interferometer.

In the process of making this report, I noticed that one of the iris apertures is about disturbing the beam for OMCR CCD. I will check this before I go to Hanford. Also an RF spectrum analyzer is at the AP table. I try to return this near the PSL on Monday morning.

Attachment 1: Optical configuration for the abs length measurement.
1) One of the arms is locked to the PSL beam by the main control system (red).
2) A laser beam is injected from the AS port (blue). This laser essentially has different frequency from that of PSL.
3) The injected beam and the outgoing PSL beam appear at the output of the faraday in the injection system.
4) They beat each other at the frequency difference of those two lasers.
5) A PLL is used to lock the frequency difference to a local oscillator (LO).
6) The LO frequency is swept at around 3.87MHz, that is the approximate FSR frequency of the arm cavity.
7) If the LO frequency hits the FSR within the resonant width, the beating also appears at the transmitted light as the injected beam also becomes resonant to the arm cavity.
8) Amplitude of the beating at the transmitted light is measured by a RF spectrum analyzer as a function of the LO frequency. We get the FSR frequency (= the arm cavity length) from the top of the resonance.

Attachment 2: Optics at the AP table for the laser injection
700mW NPRO, laser source. vertically polarized.
Periscope, to raise the beam 1 inch to make the beam at the 4 inch elevation.
INJ_SM1/INJ_SM2, steering mirrors to align the injection beam to the IFO beam.
HWP1, half wave plate to make the beam to the farady horiz-polarized. nominal 42deg on the readout.
FI, Faraday isolator for protection of the NPRO from the returning light, for obtaining the returning light.
HWP2, to make the beam from the Faraday horiz-polarized. nominal 357deg on the readout.
MM_Lens, f=125mm to match the laser mode to the IFO beam.
SM1/SM2, steering mirrors to align the IFO beam to the Farady Isolator.
IRIS1/IRIS2, for the coarse alignment of the injection beam.
FLIP, flipper mount to turn on/off the injection optics.

Alignment procedure of the injection system
0) Ignite NPRO several hours before the experiment so that the laser frequency can be stable.
1) Turn up FLIP. Close the shutter of NPRO.
2) Adjust SM1/SM2 so that the ifo beam can appear at the output of FI.
3) Adjust height and position of IRIS1/IRIS2 with regard to the ifo beam so that the ifo beam goes through IRIS1/IRIS2 even when they are closed.
4) Turn down FLIP. Open the shutter of NPRO.
5) Adjust INJ_SM1/INJ_SM2 so that the injection beam can go through IRIS1/IRIS2 even when they are closed.
6) At this time, it is expected that the reflection of the injection beam from SRM appears at AS CCD, if SRM is aligned.
7) Adjust INJ_SM1/INJ_SM2 so that the injection beam at AS CCD can overlap to the IFO beam.
8) Confirm the beam at the output of the FI also overlaps.
---- We are here ----
9) Change the ifo configuration to the X or Y arm only.
10) Scan the crystal temperature of the 700mW NPRO in order to try to have the beating of the two beams at the PD. AS OSA may be useful to obtain the beating.
11) Once the beating is obtained, adjust INJ_SM1/INJ_SM2 such that the beating amplitude is maximized.
  599   Mon Jun 30 05:33:38 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ Optical setup (II)
o The position of the iris was adjusted so as not to disturub the beam for OMCR CCD.

o The RF spectrum analyzer was returned to the place of the network analyzer.


Quote:

In the process of making this report, I noticed that one of the iris apertures is about disturbing the beam for OMCR CCD. I will check this before I go to Hanford. Also an RF spectrum analyzer is at the AP table. I try to return this near the PSL on Monday morning.
  613   Tue Jul 1 12:51:34 2008 JohnSummaryGeneralIFO alignment
Rana, Rob, Yoichi, John

The recent computer problems and MZ work had disturbed the alignment of the interferometer.

We adjusted the MC alignment back to nominal positions using old OSEM values. We then walked
the input beam to match the MC. Coupling into the interferometer has increased noticeably.
The rest of the IFO was then aligned to the new input beam.

Proceeding to full IFO locking we were able to engage the AO path and hand off CARM to SPOBDC.
Arm powers got up to 4.

If the new alignment proves successful we will centre all QPDs etc so we can easily return to
this state.
  619   Tue Jul 1 21:54:05 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralRe: Abs. Length Meas. setup
I tried to look for the beating in the signal from the PD but I couldn't find. I had the temperature of the laser initially set to 40deg and then slowly increased by one degree. The manual of the laser says the frequency should change by several GHz. The problem is then that our PD is limited to no more than 30Mhz.

Although the two beams seem to overlap quite well, we might still need a better matching of the injected beam.


Alberto


Quote:
o The position of the iris was adjusted so as not to disturub the beam for OMCR CCD.

o The RF spectrum analyzer was returned to the place of the network analyzer.


Quote:

In the process of making this report, I noticed that one of the iris apertures is about disturbing the beam for OMCR CCD. I will check this before I go to Hanford. Also an RF spectrum analyzer is at the AP table. I try to return this near the PSL on Monday morning.
  621   Wed Jul 2 06:46:05 2008 AlbertoConfigurationGeneralNPRO on to warm up
This morning I turned on the NPRO on the AP table so that it can warm up for a few hours before I start using it today.
The flipping mirror is down so no beam is injected in to the IFO.


Alberto
  624   Wed Jul 2 15:14:42 2008 steveUpdateGeneraladded beam traps
I placed baked razor beam trap after INJ_SM1 and flipper in the injection path on the AP table


Quote:
I have constructed the beam injection optics for the abs length measurement.

The injection beam was coarsely aligned to the interferometer. The reflected beam from SRM was already seen at AS CCD.
I have attached the optical configration for this measurement and the optics layout at the AP table.

I am going to go to LHO for three weeks. During the absence Alberto tunes the mode matching and the alignment of the interferometer.

In the process of making this report, I noticed that one of the iris apertures is about disturbing the beam for OMCR CCD. I will check this before I go to Hanford. Also an RF spectrum analyzer is at the AP table. I try to return this near the PSL on Monday morning.

Attachment 1: Optical configuration for the abs length measurement.
1) One of the arms is locked to the PSL beam by the main control system (red).
2) A laser beam is injected from the AS port (blue). This laser essentially has different frequency from that of PSL.
3) The injected beam and the outgoing PSL beam appear at the output of the faraday in the injection system.
4) They beat each other at the frequency difference of those two lasers.
5) A PLL is used to lock the frequency difference to a local oscillator (LO).
6) The LO frequency is swept at around 3.87MHz, that is the approximate FSR frequency of the arm cavity.
7) If the LO frequency hits the FSR within the resonant width, the beating also appears at the transmitted light as the injected beam also becomes resonant to the arm cavity.
8) Amplitude of the beating at the transmitted light is measured by a RF spectrum analyzer as a function of the LO frequency. We get the FSR frequency (= the arm cavity length) from the top of the resonance.

Attachment 2: Optics at the AP table for the laser injection
700mW NPRO, laser source. vertically polarized.
Periscope, to raise the beam 1 inch to make the beam at the 4 inch elevation.
INJ_SM1/INJ_SM2, steering mirrors to align the injection beam to the IFO beam.
HWP1, half wave plate to make the beam to the farady horiz-polarized. nominal 42deg on the readout.
FI, Faraday isolator for protection of the NPRO from the returning light, for obtaining the returning light.
HWP2, to make the beam from the Faraday horiz-polarized. nominal 357deg on the readout.
MM_Lens, f=125mm to match the laser mode to the IFO beam.
SM1/SM2, steering mirrors to align the IFO beam to the Farady Isolator.
IRIS1/IRIS2, for the coarse alignment of the injection beam.
FLIP, flipper mount to turn on/off the injection optics.

Alignment procedure of the injection system
0) Ignite NPRO several hours before the experiment so that the laser frequency can be stable.
1) Turn up FLIP. Close the shutter of NPRO.
2) Adjust SM1/SM2 so that the ifo beam can appear at the output of FI.
3) Adjust height and position of IRIS1/IRIS2 with regard to the ifo beam so that the ifo beam goes through IRIS1/IRIS2 even when they are closed.
4) Turn down FLIP. Open the shutter of NPRO.
5) Adjust INJ_SM1/INJ_SM2 so that the injection beam can go through IRIS1/IRIS2 even when they are closed.
6) At this time, it is expected that the reflection of the injection beam from SRM appears at AS CCD, if SRM is aligned.
7) Adjust INJ_SM1/INJ_SM2 so that the injection beam at AS CCD can overlap to the IFO beam.
8) Confirm the beam at the output of the FI also overlaps.
---- We are here ----
9) Change the ifo configuration to the X or Y arm only.
10) Scan the crystal temperature of the 700mW NPRO in order to try to have the beating of the two beams at the PD. AS OSA may be useful to obtain the beating.
11) Once the beating is obtained, adjust INJ_SM1/INJ_SM2 such that the beating amplitude is maximized.
  627   Wed Jul 2 19:15:52 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralStatus of the alignment of the NPRO beam for the Absolute Length Measurement
Today I've tried to bring the frequency of the NPRO laser close enough to that of the IFO beam so that the beat between the two beams can be at a detectable frequency for the photodiode. The way I've been changing the frequency is by the NPRO's temperature control on its driver.

Looking at the signal from the AS OSA should enable us to monitor the direction in which the frequency is changing. Every time the resonances of the IFO beam and of the NPRO beam overlap, we know that the frequencies of the two beams are some FSR of the OSA away from each other. At the overlapping of the resonances, if the difference of frequency is within the detectable range of the photodiode, we should see a peak in the network/spectrum analyzer.

This way turned out not very easy in practice because from the AS OSA one can hardly distinguish the resonances of the primary beam from those of the secondary beam. The cause is mainly the flashing of the IFO beam at the AS port which produces a pattern of resonances of different amplitude. Also for some reason, triggering the output signal from the OSA at the oscilloscope doesn't work very well.

However, even if we didn't have these problems, I think that the two beams are not very well aligned, at least not anymore. I'm attaching some pictures from the AS port. The bright spot on the left is the NPRO beam and the one in the center which flashes is the IFO beam. We probably need some more work in the alignment of the NRPO beam.
  628   Thu Jul 3 11:53:30 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralStatus of the alignment of the NPRO beam for the Absolute Length Measurement
The method itself looked fine.

Use of the one arm configuration will make the work easier as constant power at the AS port is obtained.
How much is the FSR of the OSA?

Apparently the alignment is not good any more as Alberto pointed. Everytime you touch the flipper you'd better to adjust it. Then, if necessary, adjust the injection steerings.

If the PSL beam is blocked, only the injection beam appears at the optical ports. The spot is obtained at the AS port and the SY port (REFL) at the same time. I recommend to confirm the transmittion to the SY port too by the CDD, the card, and whatever. Note that this may be difficult because this will have the beam power of below 1 mW.


Quote:
Alberto> Today I've tried to bring the frequency of the NPRO laser ...
  633   Thu Jul 3 16:57:23 2008 JohnSummaryGeneralFSS_RMTEMP
The FSS room temp alarm has been beeping a lot recently. I altered the FSS_RMTEMP alarm levels using the
same method as Rana.

The alarm is still souding so, at least by my calculations, it must be colder than usual.
  634   Thu Jul 3 18:48:09 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralBeats of the two lasers in the absolute length measurement observed
I adjusted the alignment of the flipper mirror as suggested by Koji making the two beam spots match. I also aligned all the IFO mirrors (ITMs, PRM, SRM, ETMs) to have more power for the IFO signal at the AS port. When I did that I could see the beats at the AS OSA. Then I explored the range of temperature of the NPRO from 35deg (C) to 51.2807deg and at that point I could observe a peak corresponding to the beat at about 10MHz on the network analyzer. The peak tends to drift because the laser takes probably a longer time to actually thermalize and it moves very rapidly changing the temperature of the laser.
  635   Thu Jul 3 22:54:45 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralBeats of the two lasers in the absolute length measurement observed
Great! Conguraturation! I wish if I could see it! It's nice if you can put the photo or anything of the RF spectrum analyzer.

Next step:
o You can try to maximize the beat amplitude by the tuning of the Injection steering mirrors.

o At the south end of the SP table, I prepared a frequency mixer. You can put the beat signal into the RF input, and an oscillator (which you can bring from somewhere) to the LO input in order to obtain the error signal of the PLL. Put the IF output of the mixer in a SR560, and please try to lock it by a simple 6db/oct (1st order) LPF of the SR560. For the actuator you can use the fast-pzt input of the NPRO.


Quote:
Then I explored the range of temperature of the NPRO from 35deg (C) to 51.2807deg and at that point I could observe a peak corresponding to the beat at about 10MHz on the network analyzer.
  637   Mon Jul 7 11:22:02 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralBeats of the two lasers in the absolute length measurement observed
I didn't post a screenshot from the RF SA because I had troubles with the interface with the computer (unfortunately the network SA cannot export the data either).

There is problem with the PLL circuit. The signal, beside the beat, also contains peaks at 33, 66 and 99 MHz, so we should think about filtering those out.


Quote:
Great! Conguraturation! I wish if I could see it! It's nice if you can put the photo or anything of the RF spectrum analyzer.

Next step:
o You can try to maximize the beat amplitude by the tuning of the Injection steering mirrors.

o At the south end of the SP table, I prepared a frequency mixer. You can put the beat signal into the RF input, and an oscillator (which you can bring from somewhere) to the LO input in order to obtain the error signal of the PLL. Put the IF output of the mixer in a SR560, and please try to lock it by a simple 6db/oct (1st order) LPF of the SR560. For the actuator you can use the fast-pzt input of the NPRO.


Quote:
Then I explored the range of temperature of the NPRO from 35deg (C) to 51.2807deg and at that point I could observe a peak corresponding to the beat at about 10MHz on the network analyzer.
  638   Mon Jul 7 13:06:38 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralBeats of the two lasers in the absolute length measurement observed
One may need an RF filter after the mixer. I expect the SR560 does work for this purpose.
If it does not, a passive LPF can be used.


Quote:
I didn't post a screenshot from the RF SA because I had troubles with the interface with the computer (unfortunately the network SA cannot export the data).

There's is problem with the PLL circuit. The signal, beside the beat, also contains peaks at 33, 66 and 99 MHz, so we should think about filtering those out, correct?
  643   Mon Jul 7 19:15:38 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralOptics alignement on the ABS length experiment
Today I started setting up the PLL instruments to lock the frequency of the NPRO beam to the IFO beam. with no need of a new alignment after the weekend I was able to see the beat again, although this time I found at a different temperature of the NPRO laser of about 54 degrees (vs 51 of the last time).
I've got the Marconi as local oscillator (LO), the mixer Koji suggetsed, the SR560 and a 5 MHz low pass filter to cut the 33, 66 and 99 MHz present in the output signal from the PD. The filter worked well and I was able to single out only the beat resonance from the power spectrum.
In the attempt to enhance the amplitude of the beat, as Koji suggested, I tried to work on the alignment of the steering mirrors. While I was doing that, for some reason the pre-modecleaner lost the alignment and I had to ask John to help me lock it again. during the process I lost the old alignment but at the end I got a new one, apparently (from the camera) even better than the other. Although after that the beats were gone. Actually after the lock-in of the PMC the IFO beam didn't look as good as before, so it might be also for that reason.

I'll try again tomorrow, after that probably tonight Rob is going to reset the alignments of the interferometers.
  650   Tue Jul 8 21:58:22 2008 albertoUpdateGeneralSecondaty beam aligned to the IFO beam again
Yesterday the alignment of the secondary beam to the IFO was completely lost and today I had to realign all the optics before I was able to match the two spots again. I had to reset the height of the irises and I had also to replace mirror M1 with one with a larger angular motion. Eventually I obtained the beat again. Working on the optics table I inadvertently misaligned the OSA but I didn't make in time to bring it back before the night shift people came. I'll work on that tomorrow morning.
  653   Wed Jul 9 17:58:19 2008 JohnSummaryGeneralIlluminator alarms
This morning some time was wasted on alignment due to the illuminators.

I added the illuminators to the alarm handler. They will give a RED alarm whenever
they are turned on. You can find the alarms in 40M->Misc->Illuminators.

To do this I edited the Illuminators.db file and restarted c1aux by telneting and typing Ctl-X.
I then added the groups and channels to 40M.alhConfig.
  656   Thu Jul 10 19:12:07 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs cavity length measurement experiment
Yesterday morning, when I started, I found the IFO beam on a different position and the beam spot at the AS port looked very deformed. The overlapping with the secondary beam was not good enough to observe the beats anymore. Restoring the alignments of the interferometers did not work because, as John found out later, some of the photodiodes had offsets and gain which made the restore script ineffective. After resetting the parameters, we had to align every mirror of the interferometers and save the configuration twice. The second times was because on the first time the alignment had been done with the illuminators on. To avoid that in the future, John wrote an alarm to warn about the status of the lights.

After that we fixed the IFO beam, I had to realign the optics in the table to match the secondary beam to the IFO beam. I got the two beam overlapping and, even though the NPRO spot looked distorted, I could observe again some signal of the beat. To do that it was also necessary to have all the interferometer mirrors aligned so that we had more power from the ifo beam although it also made the spot flash. Ideally, to avoid the flashing (which we would also impede the PLL to work) we should work with the interferometer locked. Since that doesn't seem actually possible, we should just keep one of the ITM aligned and improve the beam matching so that we can observe the beats even with less power.

Today I spent the day trying to improve the alignement of the optics to observe the beats with only the ITM aligned, resetting the alignment of both beams with the ireses, with the Farady and all the rest. It was a rather long and tiring process but I think I'm close to the target and maybe tomorrow.
  664   Sun Jul 13 22:39:16 2008 JohnSummaryGeneralEdited medm screens
I've edited the FSS and PMC screens so that red boxes are shown around the appropriate slider if a gain or offset is not within the limits defined in C1PSL_SETTINGS_SET.adl

With the current setting of 0 V the FSS input offset is red. According to the settings screen the nominal value is 0.3 +/- 0.050. Are there any objections to editing the nominal value?

I changed the LockMC screen so that red boxes are not shown when the up/down scripts are not running; when they are active you should see a green box.
  668   Mon Jul 14 19:15:43 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs cavity length measurement experiment
Lately I've been dealing with the alignment of the interferometer to have a good beam spot at the AS port. Today the alignment script kept failing because of computer problems (failure of the frame builder) and also because the IFO was probably too far from the range where the automatic alignment works.

An other problem I keep having with the alignment of the optics on the AP table is with multiple reflection beams of the NPRO beam at the Farady.
Although I believe that now the two beams are quite well aligned, I don't see any reflection of the secondary beam from the IFO anymore.

It's like the more I try to improve the alignment, the worse I get from the beam matching. I'll keep working on this.
  669   Mon Jul 14 21:34:10 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralabs cavity length measurement experiment

Quote:
Lately I've been dealing with the alignment of the interferometer to have a good beam spot at the AS port. Today the alignment script kept failing because of computer problems (failure of the frame builder) and also because the IFO was probably too far from the range where the automatic alignment works.

An other problem I keep having with the alignment of the optics on the AP table is with multiple reflection beams of the NPRO beam at the Farady.
Although I believe that now the two beams are quite well aligned, I don't see any reflection of the secondary beam from the IFO anymore.

It's like the more I try to improve the alignment, the worse I get from the beam matching. I'll keep working on this.


Realigning the OSA I also had to move a little bit the mirror that reflects the IFO beam of at the AS port in order to raise the beam height. This had the effect of changing the position of the AS spot on the camera and on the monitors.

Tonight with John, we made sure that the AS beam was still aligned to the PD.
  674   Tue Jul 15 12:23:22 2008 JenneUpdateGeneralMC2 Watchdog tripped
Alberto, Jenne

Mode Cleaner was unlocked. We checked, and found that MC2's watchdog was tripped. It didn't look like anything bad was going on, so we turned the optic back on, and tried to relock the MC. It looks like the Mode Cleaner is now locked, but the lock bit on the LockMC screen is still red. I don't know what's up.
  683   Wed Jul 16 16:59:07 2008 AlbertoUpdateGeneralAligment
I think the two beams are aligned again - they both pass the Faraday, they match at the irises and all along the optical path on the AP table. Although the NPRO beam does not show up at the AS port.
  687   Thu Jul 17 00:59:18 2008 JenneSummaryGeneralFunny signal coming out of VCO
While working on calibrating the MC_F signal, Rana and I noticed a funny signal coming out of the VCO. We expect the output to be a nice sine wave at about 80MHz. What we see is the 80MHz signal plus higher harmonics. The reason behind the craziness is to be determined. For now, here's what the signal looks like, in both time and frequency domains.

The first plot is a regular screen capture of a 'scope. The second is the output of the SR spectrum analyzer, as seen on a 'scope screen. The leftmost tall peak is the 80MHz peak, and the others are the harmonics.
  706   Mon Jul 21 11:54:00 2008 JenneUpdateGeneralMC Servo Board
I pulled the MC Servo Board again, to check the components that are on the board, and compare them with the schematics. The filters that I'm interested in on the Fast Path haven't been changed. The high pass filters on the Fast Path have been changed.
Component      Schematic      Actual
---------      ---------      ------
C140           10u            open
C144           10u            open
C149           open           a gray Cap.  value unknown
C141           10u            open
C145           10u            open
R97            1.58K          0
R99            open           1130
R103           open           1130
R100           open           0
R104           100            1130
R98            1.58K          open
R109           367            365

Board is back in, and MC locks.
  727   Wed Jul 23 21:48:30 2008 robConfigurationGeneralrestore IFO when you're done with it

when you are done with the IFO, please click "Restore last auto-alignment" on the yellow IFO portion of the C1IFO_CONFIGURE.adl screen. Failure to comply will be interpreted as antagonism toward the lock acquisition effort and will be met with excoriation.
  738   Fri Jul 25 10:48:13 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ Realignment / beating / PLL trial
Alberto and Koji

o We worked for the abs length measurement setup on Thursday night.
o At the last of the work Koji left the 40m lab at 2AM. "Last autoalignment" was restored. The flipper for the 
inj beam was down. The shutter for the NPRO was closed.

----
o The alignment of the injection beam (NPRO) was re-adjusted.
o The laser crystal temp (LT) of the NPRO was scanned.
o After a long struggle the beat was found at about LT=61deg(!). I think this is almost at the maximum temp 
for the NPRO. Note that this is not the diode temp, and therefore it will not damage the laser as far as the 
TEC for the crystal works.

o Only the X arm was aligned.
o The alignment of the injection beam was adjusted such that the beating amplitude got maximum.
o At the faraday of the NPRO, we had 2.4V_DC and 1.8V_DC with and without the inj beam, respectively. The 
beating amplitude was 200mVpp (at around 2.4V).
o With a simple calculation, the mode overlapping of tghe injection beam is only 0.0023. Ahhh. It is too weak. 
In the modematching or something must be wrong. 
o The position of the mode matching lens was tweaked a little. It did not help to increase the beat ampitude. 
Even worse. (The lens was restored and the values above was obatined with the latest setting.) 

o Then tried to build a PLL. It locks easily. 
  - Put the beat signal into the mixer RF input.
  - Connect 10dBm @1MHz-10MHz from the marconi oscillator to the LO input. The supposed nominal LO level was 
not checked so far. Just used 10dBm.
  - The IF output was connected to an SR560 with 10Hz LPF (6dB/oct) with G=500 or so.We don't need to care 
about the sign.
  - The output of the SR560 was connected to FAST PZT input of the NPRO.
o The problem was that there was strong intermodulations because of 33MHz. No LPFwas used before the mixer. 
Because of this spourious modulations, the PLL servo locks at the local zero crossings. These will be solved 
next time. 

o Eventually left the 40m lab at 2AM. "Last autoalignment" was restored. The flipper for the inj beam was 
down. The shutter for the NPRO was closed.
  748   Mon Jul 28 15:54:04 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ More on the beat / the PLL setup
Alberto and Koji,

Last Friday evening, Koji found that the power adj setting (indicated by ADJ) of the NPRO was somehow set to be 
ADJ=-45 and yielded the output power of about 200mW instead of 700mW. This is not good because too small pump power 
varies thermal conditions of the crystal such as thermal lensing, thermal gradient, and os on. The ADJ setting and the 
crystal temperature had been restored to ADJ=0 and LT=~48deg (nominal of the controller), respectively.

Today we tried the quest of the beating again and the above power setting helped a lot! The beating was immediately 
found at LT=48.55deg that is very close to the laser's nominal temp. Also the beating got significantly bigger. 
After the alignment adjustment 50%-intenisity modulated signal was obtained. From the power calculation it was 
estimated that the power coupling of the injected beam is to be 12%~13%. This not so good yet, but something which we 
can work.

This time the modulation structure of the PSL beam was clearly observed. I could obtain the beating of the injection 
beam with the carrier, the upper/lower sidebands of the 33MHz and 166MHz modulations, and the 2nd order of the 
33MHz. They were beautiful as if working with an OSA. Very nice.

In reality, those additional intenisty modulations as well as the residual 33MHz signal from the main IFO are 
disturbing for the PLL to be locked at the proper frequency. So, now Alberto is working on a passive LPF with 
notch at 33MHz. The design was already done. This allows us to work up to 20MHz and at the same time, provides 
60dB attenuation at 33MHz (in principle). Very cool.

Koji, on the other hand, continued to work with the PLL servo with some ready-made passive filters. Owing to the 
fillters, the error signal was cleaner and the PLL was locked at the proper frequency. The PLL setup is as attatched. 
Sideband rejection filter will be replaced to Alberto's one. The photo is the display of the RF spectrum analyzer with 
beat locked at 8MHz.

So the next step, we try to find the resonances of the arm cavity with the injection beam once the IFO comes back.

At the last of the experiment "Last autoalignment" was restored, the flipper for the 
inj beam was down, and the shutter for the NPRO was closed.
  774   Thu Jul 31 10:24:32 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralIFO status
Last night I used the Y-arm for the abs length measurement. The Yarm was aligned by the script.
I left the ifo with the Yarm locked as it is the only meaningful configuration so far.
  776   Thu Jul 31 11:19:30 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ Resonance search trial
Last night, I tried to find the resonance of Yarm by sweeping the frequency of the injection beam.

A strong beat was present at LT_NPRO=48.7856[C_deg], the power coupling of the injection beam was estimated to be 35%. 
(Vmax_beat = 1.060[V], Vmin_beat = 0.460[V], Vno_inject = 0.664[V])

The Yarm was locked and the alignment script was executed. The PLL between the PSL beam and the injection beam was 
somehow locked.

I tried to scan the freq offset (f_PLL) at around 3.88MHz first, then at around 15.52MHz. They are supporsed to be the 
first and fourth FSR of the Yarm cavity. The Yarm transmitted power (DC) was observed to find the resonance of the 
injection beam. It would have been better to use the RF power, but so far I didnot have the RF PD prepared at the end 
transmission. I just used the DC power.

I think I saw the increase of the transmitted power by 10%, at f_PLL = 15.517 +/- 0.003 [MHz]. This corresponds to the 
arm cavity length of 38.640 +/- 0.007 [m]. The previous measurement was not so bad!

Y-arm length
e-log             length [m]
-----------------------
556(2008-Jun-24)  38.70    +/- 0.08    Cavity swinging measurement
556(2008-Jun-24)  38.67    +/- 0.03    tape & photo
This              38.640   +/- 0.007

However, I had difficulties to have more precise measurement mainly because of two reasons:
o The PLL servo is too naive, and the freqency stability of the inj beam is not enough.
  The injected beam should have the linewidth (=freq stability) narrower than the cavity linewidth.

o The PLL servo may experience change of the transfer function at around the resonance. The PLL works the other 
frequencies. However, close to the resonance, it starts to be unstable.

So the next stuffs we should do is 
o Build the PLL just using the incident beams to the ifo, not by the reflected beams.
o Build sophisticated servo to have better frequency stability.
o RF PD at the transmission.

Left the lab with Yarm locked, flipper down, shutter for the NPRO closed.
  782   Sat Aug 2 12:53:43 2008 KojiUpdateGeneralAbs. Len. Meas. ~ New PLL at the PSL table
Report of the work last night:
The new heterodyne interferometer on the PSL table was built.
The length of the Yarm cavity was measured with better precision.

-------------
Yarm is locked. The injection beam was aligned. The beat was there at around LT=48.9 [C_deg] of the NPRO.

The new PLL setup on the PSL table has been built. The two beams from the MC incident beam and the injection beam are
mode-matched with lenses. I measured the Rayleigh ranges of the beams by a sensor card and my eyes, and then placed
appropriate lenses so that they can have 5~6 [m] Rayleigh range. They looks a bit too thick but just ok for an inch
optics. The new PLL setup shows ~70% intensity modulation which is enormous. The servo is still SR560-based so far.

Now the PLL has no singular frequency within its range. I could sweep the 4th FSR of the cavity with 500Hz interval. I
was still observing at the transmitted DC.

At each freqency from 15.51MHz to 15.52MHz, a timeseries data of the Yarm transmitted was recorded at sampling of 32Hz for 10
seconds. The figure shows the averaged values of the transmitted DC with errors. An increase of the transmitted power by
3-4% was found. If we consider the resonance is at f_PLL = 15.515 +/- 0.0005 [MHz], this indicates the
arm cavity length of 38.6455 +/- 0.0012 [m].
Y-arm length
e-log    length [m]
-----------------------------
556      38.70   +/- 0.08   Cavity swinging measurement
556      38.67   +/- 0.03   tape & photo
776      38.640  +/- 0.007  Beam injection, poor PLL, Transmitted DC
this     38.6455 +/- 0.0012 Beam injection, independent PLL, Transmitted DC
-----------------------------

NEXT STEPS:
o RF detection at the transmitted
o Better PLL: PLL stability (in-loop / out-of-loop)
o Measurement for the 1st~3rd FSR
o Reproducibility of the measurement
o Higher order mode search
o Check the acuuracy and presicion of the Marconi
  783   Sat Aug 2 13:07:23 2008 KojiConfigurationGeneralThe AP table cleaned
During the construction of the independent PLL I cleaned up some of the unused optics from the AP table. Essentially this should be harmless as they had already been isolated from any beam. They were related to Go's squeezing project and Osamu's MC Transmitted beam measurement.

Nevertherless, if you find any problem on the signals at the AP table (when the ifo returns), I am the person to be blamed.

I am going to update the table layout later next week.
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