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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  13540   Fri Jan 12 16:01:27 2018 KojiConfigurationComputerssendmail troubles on nodus

I personally don't like the idea of having sendmail (or something similar like postfix) on a personal server as it requires a lot of maintenance cost (like security update, configuration, etc). If we can use external mail service (like gmail) via gmail API on python, that would easy our worry, I thought.

  13546   Sat Jan 13 03:20:55 2018 KojiConfigurationComputerssendmail troubles on nodus

I know it, and I don't like it. DokuWiki seems to allow us to use an external server for notification emails. That would be the way to go.

  13566   Mon Jan 22 12:48:48 2018 KojiSummaryGeneralBeat setup for aLIGO EOM test

I'm planning to construct a beat setup between the PSL and AUX beams. I am going to make it in the area shown in a blue square in the attached photo. This does not disturb Johannes' and PSL setups. The beams are obtained from the PBS reflection of the PSL and the dumped beam of the aux path (0th or 1st order beam of the AOM).

  13567   Mon Jan 22 20:54:58 2018 KojiSummaryGeneralAUX-PSL beat setup

The beat setup has been made on the PSL table. The BS and the PD were setup. The beat was found at 29.42degC and 50.58degC for the PSL and AUX crystal temperatures, respectively.
We are ready for the EOM test. I have instruments stacked around the PSL table. Please leave them as they are for a while. If you need to move them, please contact with me. Thanks.

A picked-off PSL after the main modulator was used as the PSL beam. This was already introduced close to the setup thanks to the previous 3f cancellation test ELOG 11029. The AUX beam was obtained from the transmission of 90% mirror. Both paths have S polarization. The beams are combined with a S-pol 50% BS. The combined beam is detected by a new focus 1GHz PD.

The PSL crystal temp (actual) was 50.58degC. The AUX crystal temp was swept upward and the string beat was found at 50.58degC. After a bit of alignment, the beat strength was -18dBm (at 700V/A RF transimpedance of NF1611) .

  13602   Fri Feb 2 22:47:00 2018 KojiSummaryGeneralAP1053: Packaging & Performance

I've packaged an AP1053 in a Thorlabs box. The gain and the input noise level were measured. It has the gain of ~10 and the input noise of ~0.6nV/rtHz@50MHz~200MHz.


AP1053 was soldered on Thorlabs' PCB EEAPB1 (forgot to take a picture). The corresponding chassis is Thorlabs' EEA17. There is a 0.1uF high-K ceramic cap between DC and GND pins. The power is supplied via a DC feedthru capacitor (Newark / Power Line Filter / 90F2268 / 5500pF) found in the WB EE shop. The power cable has a connector to make the long side of the wires detachable. Because I did not want to leave the RF signal path just mechanically touched, the SMA connectors were soldered to the PCB. As the housing has no access hole, I had to make it at one of the sides.

The gain of the unit was measured using the setup shown in the upper figure of Attachment 2. When the unit was energized, it drew the current of about 0.1A. The measued gain was compensated by the pick off ratio of the coupler (20dB). The gain was measured with the input power of -20, -10, 0, 10, and 15dBm. The measurement  result is shown in Attachment 3. The small signal gain was actually 10dB and showed slight degradation above 100MHz. At the input of 10dB some compression of the gain is already visible. It looks consistent with the specification of +26.0dBm output for 1dB compression above 50MHz and +24.0dBm output below 50MHz.

The noise level was characterized with the setup shown in the bottom figure of Attachment 3. The noise figure of the amplifier is supposed to be 1.5dB above 200MHz and 3.5dB below 200MHz. This is quite low and the output noise of AP1053 can not be measured directly by the analyzer. So, another LN amplifier (ZFL-500HLN) was stacked. The total gain of the system was measured in the same way as above. The measured noise level was ~0.7nV/rtHz between 50MHz and 200MHz. Considering the measurement noise level of the system, it is consistent with the input referred noise of 0.6nV/rtHz. I could not confirm the advertized noise figure of 1.5dB above 200MHz. The noise goes up below 50MHz. But still 2nV/rtHz at 3MHz. I'd say this is a very good performance.

  13603   Fri Feb 2 23:28:13 2018 KojiUpdateComputer Scripts / Programsnetgpib data missing / PROLOGIX yellow box (crocetta) not working

I could not understand why 'netgpibdata' scripts are missing in "scripts/general" folder on pianosa... Where did they go???

Also, I found that the PROLOGIX GPIB-LAN controller for crocetta ( is no longer working. I need to reconfigure it with "telnet"...

  13607   Mon Feb 5 18:04:35 2018 KojiUpdateComputer Scripts / Programsnetgpib data missing / PROLOGIX yellow box (crocetta) not working

crochetta was reconfigured to have It was confirmed that it can be used with netgpibdata.py

Configuration: I have connected my mac with the unit using an Apple USB-Ethernet adapter. The adapter was configured to have a manual IP of "netfinder.exe" was run to assign the IP addr to the unit. It seemed that NVRAM of the unit evaporated as it had the IP of Once it was configrued, it could be run with netgpibdata as usual.

  13622   Thu Feb 8 01:27:16 2018 KojiUpdateALSD990694 characterization / THD measurement plan

> So my question is - should we just cut the PCB trace and add this series resistance for the 4 ALS signal channels, and THEN measure the THD?



  13642   Tue Feb 20 13:59:30 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralModulation depth measurement for an aLIGO EOM

Last night I worked at the PSL table for the modulation depth measurement for an aLIGO EOM. Let me know if the IFO behavior is unusual.

What I did was:

  • Cranked up the HEPA speed to 100
  • Placed an aLIGO EOM in the AUX beat path (south side of the PSL laser). (It is still on the PSL table as of Feb 20, 2018)
  • Closed the PSL shutter
  • Turned off the main Marconi forr 11MHz. The freq and output power of this marconi have not been touched.
  • Turned off the freq generation unit
  • Worked on my measurement with the spectrum and network analyzers + aux marconi.
  • Turned down the HEPA speed to 30
  • Turned on the freq generation unit
  • Turned on the main Marconi
  • Opened the PSL shutter => IMC locked
  13650   Thu Feb 22 16:11:14 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralaLIGO EOM crystal replacement

aLIGO EOM crystal replacement

  • The entire operation has been performed at the south flow bench @40m.
  • We knew that the original crystal in the aLIGO EOM we are testing has some problem. This was replaced with a spare RTP crystal.
  • Once the housing was removed, it was obvious that the crystal has a crack (Attachment 1).
    It seemed that it was produced by either a mechanical stress or a thermally induced stress (e.g. soldering).
  • I wanted to make sure the new crystal is properly aligned interms of the crystal axis.
    The original crystal has the pencil marking at the top saying "Z" "12". The new (spare) crystal has "Z" and "11".
    So the new crystal was aligned in the same way as the original one. (Attachment 2)
  • I took an opportunity to measure the distribution of the electrode lengths (Attachment 3). The lengths are 14, 5, and 14mm, respectively.
  13652   Thu Feb 22 17:19:47 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralModulation depth measurement for an aLIGO EOM

aLIGO EOM test: Setup

  • The modulation signal was supplied from an aux Marconi.
  • Between the Marconi and the EOM, a 20dB coupler (ZFDC-20-5) was inserted. There the Marconi was connected to the output port, while the EOM was to the input port. This way, we can observe how much of the RF power is reflected back to Marconi.
  • The beat setup (40m ELOG 13567) was used for the measurement. The EOM was placed in the beam path of the beat setup in the PSL side.
  • To eliminate the modulation sidebands of 11MHz and 55MHz, the 40m Marconi and the freq generator were turned off (in this order).
  • The nominal amplitude of the carrier beat note was -15dBm ~ -16dBm.
  • The cable from the source to the EOM was ~3m. And the loss of this cable was ~0.4dB.


  • The EOM had three input ports. 
  1. 9MHz input - In reality, there was no matching circuit.
  2. Center port - matched at 24.1MHz and 118.3MHz. 24.1MHz port has no amplification (just matching), and 118.3MHz is resonant.
  3. 45.5MHz port - resonantly matched at 45.5MHz
  • The Marconi output power was set to be +13dBm. For the 45MHz measurement, 20dB attenuator is inserted right next to the Marconi so that the VSWR seen from the Marconi was improbed. (Marconi did not like the full reflection of unmatched circuit and shutdown due to the protection function.)
  • The amplitude ratios between the sidebands and the carrier were multiplied by a factor of 2, to obtain the modulaiton depths. ( BesselJ(1,m)/BesselJ(0,m) ~ m/2 )
  • The result is found in Attachment 2.
    • The center port showed the modulation response of 0.7mrad/V and 15mrad/V for 24.1MHz and 118.3MHz, respectively. This suggests that the amplification factor for 118.3MHz is ~x21.
    • The VSWR of the center port is below 1.5 at the target frequencies. That's as tuned in Downs and has not been changed by the crystal replace.
    • The 45MHz port has the modulation response of 0.034mrad/V. This later tuned out that the amplification of ~x19. The circuit is well matched at the resonant frequency.
  • The linearity was checked with the 45MHz port (Attachment 3). The input power (idrectly connected to the EOM without 20dB attn) was varied between -17dBm to +13dBm. There was no sign of non linearity.
  • The modulation response at 24MHz was compared at various input ports. (Attachment 4)
    • The input signal was amplified tobe 23dBm by ZHL-3A for better sideband visibility. The actual amplifier output was ~30dBm, and a 6dB ATTN was used to improve the VSWR to protect the amplifier.
    • The 9MHz port showed 3.6mrad/V and 1.8mrad/V with the port unterminated and terminated, respectively. This factor of two difference is as expected.
      This 1.8mrad/V is roughly x2.6 higher compared to the one of the matched 24/118MHz port. This is close number to the ratio of the plate sizes (14mm/5mm = 2.8).
    • With the current condition, the 9MHz (unterminated), 9MHz (terminated), 24/118MHz, and 45MHz ports requires 22dBm, 27dBm, 36dBm, and 21dBm to realize the current modulation depth of 0.014 at 24MHz.
    • Comparing this matched 9MHz performance, the amplification of the 45MHz port at 45MHz was determined to be ~x19.
  • Considering these results, the modulation response of the center port at 24MHz seems too low. We don't want to supply 36dBm for the 0.014rad modulation (nominal number for H1).
    Here are some thoughts:
    • Use the 45MHz or 9MHz port for 24MHz modulation. Probably the unit is unmatched but, we can come up with the idea to improve the VSWR at 24MHz somehow?
    • Redistribute the plate length to have better modulation at 24MHz. Can we achieve sufficient modulation capability with the frequency of the long and short ports swapped? We hope that we don't need to start over the matching of the 24/118MHz again because the capacitances of the ports are almost the same.
  13720   Fri Mar 30 03:23:50 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralaLIGO EOM work

I have been working on the aux beat setup on the PSL table between 9PM-3AM.

This work involved:

- Turning off the main marconi
- Turning off the freq generation unit (incl IMC modulation)
- Closing the PSL shutter

After the work, these were reverted and the IMC and both arms have been locked.

  13725   Mon Apr 2 15:14:21 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralModulation depth measurement for an aLIGO EOM

The new matching circuit was tested.


f_nominal  f_actual  response    required mod.  drivng power
 [MHz]      [MHz]    [mrad/V]     [rad]         needed [dBm]
  9.1       9.1        55         0.22      =>   22
118.3     118.2        16         0.01      =>    6

 45.5      45.4        45         0.28      =>   25
 24.1       N/A         2.1       0.014     =>   27


- 9.1MHz and 118.3MHz: They are just fine.

- 24.1MHz: Definitely better (>x3) than the previous trial to combine 118MHz & 24MHz.
  We got about the same modulation with the 50Ohm terminated bare crystal (for the port1).
  So, this is sort of the best we can do for the 24.1MHz with the current approach.
  The driving power of 27dBm is required at 24.1MHz

- About the 45MHz
  - The driving power of 27dBm is required at 24.1MHz
  - The maximum driving power with the AM stabilized driver is 23dBm, nominally to say.
  - I wonder how we can reduce resistance (and capacitance) of the 45MHz further...?
  - I also wonder if the IFO can be locked with reduced modulation (0.28 rad->0.2 rad)
  - Can the driver max power be boosted a bit? (i.e. adding an attenuator in the RF power detection path)


  13730   Thu Apr 5 12:13:18 2018 KojiUpdateIOOCoil driver noise

Why is MC2 LR so different from the others???

  13772   Thu Apr 19 20:41:09 2018 KojiConfigurationGeneralAux Laser LD dying? (AS port laser injection)

I suspect that the LD of the aux laser is dying.
- The max power we obtain from this laser (700mW NPRO) is 33mW. Yes, 33mW. (See attachment 1)
- The intensity noise is likely to be relaxation oscillation and the frequency is so low as the pump power is low. When the ADJ is adjusted to 0, the peak moved even lower. (Attachment 2, compare purple and red)
- What the NE (noise eater) doing? Almost nothing. I suspect the ISS gain is too low because of the low output power. (Attachment 2, compare green and red)

  13818   Sat May 5 20:30:21 2018 KojiUpdatePSLModulation depth measurement for the 3IFO aLIGO EOM and aftermath

Caution: Because of this work and my negligence, the RF output of the main Marconi for the IFO modulation is probably off. The amplifier (freq gen. box) was turned on. Therefore, we need to turn the Marconi on for the IFO locking.

I worked on my EOM m easurement using the beat setup. As there was the aux injection electronics, I performed my measurement having tried not to disturb the aux setup. The aux Marconi, the splitted PD output, and an open channel of the oscilloscope were used for my purpose. I have brought the RF spectrum analyzer from the control room. I think I have restored all the electronics back as before. I have re-aligned the beat setup after the EOM removed. Note that the aux NPRO, which had been on, was turned off to save the remaining life of the laser diode.

  13819   Sat May 5 22:32:07 2018 KojiUpdatePSLModulation depth measurement for the 3IFO aLIGO EOM

The 3IFO EOM was formerly tuned as the H2 EOM, so the resonant frequencies are different from the nominal aLIGO ones.

PORT1: 8.628MHz / 101 +/- 6 mrad_pk/V_pk
PORT2: 24.082MHz / 41.2 +/- 0.7 mrad_pk/V_pk
PORT3: 43.332MHz / 62.2 +/- 4 mrad_pk/V_pk

9MHz modulation is about x2.4 better than the one installed at LHO.
24MHz modulation is about x14 better. (This is OK as the new 24MHz is not configured to be resonant.)
45MHz modulation is about x1.4 better.

  13842   Tue May 15 10:42:14 2018 KojiUpdatePSLModulation depth measurement for the 3IFO aLIGO EOM and aftermath

The marconi RF output was turned on and thus the RF generator condition was restored to the nominal state on Friday 11th.

  13904   Thu May 31 17:47:12 2018 KojiUpdateComputersmegatron process cleaning up

megatron had full of zombie medm processes due to some of the screenshot scripts.

I also found that apache2 is running on megatron without any configuration. I just disable it by

sudo update-rc.d apache2 disable

  13905   Thu May 31 19:51:06 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralWiFi router firmware update / rebooting

The model of our martian wifi router (NETGEAR R6400) was found in the FBI router list to be rebooted asociated with the malware "VPNFilter" issue.

I checked the attached devices and found bunch of (legit) devices blocked to access the wifi router. This is not an immediate problem as most of the packets do not go through the wifi router. But potentially a problem in some cases like Wifi enables GPIB adapters. So I marked them to be "allowed".

In this opprtunity, I have updated the firmware of the wifi router and this naturally involved rebooting of the device.


  13906   Thu May 31 22:59:27 2018 KojiConfigurationComputersShorewall on nodus

[Jonathan Koji]

Shorewall (http://shorewall.net/), a tool to configure iptables, was installed on nodus.
The description about shorewall setting on nodus can be found here: https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/NodusShorewallSetting

NDS (31200) on megatoron is not enabled outside of the firewall yet.

  13910   Fri Jun 1 21:47:23 2018 KojiFrogsGeneralTouch screen manipulation of the IFO

[Koji Gautam]

We talked about touch interface of medm. We realized that android (and iOS) has vnc clients. I just installed VNC viewer on my phone and connected to my mac. Typing is tricky but I managed to get into pianosa, then launched sitemap. We could unlock/lock the IMC by screen touch!

Basically we can connect to one of the laptops (or control machines) from a tablet (either android or ipad). It'd be better to put both in a same network. It'd be great if we have a tablet case with a keyboard so that we can type without blocking the screen.

  13923   Wed Jun 6 17:22:23 2018 KojiBureaucracyGeneralSalvaged junk from yend

While Keerthana and johannes were working at the end, I made a little cleaning at the yend. I salvaged large amount of hardware inclding optics, optomechanics. We all together should work on returning them to appropriate locations.

  13929   Thu Jun 7 20:21:15 2018 KojiUpdateComputer Scripts / Programs/cvs/cds Backup in danger

Local backup on chiara seems not working since Nov 19, 2017.

2017-11-18 07:00:01,504 INFO       Updating backup image of /cvs/cds
2017-11-18 07:03:00,113 INFO       Backup rsync job ran successfully, transferred 1954 files.
2017-11-19 07:00:02,564 INFO       Updating backup image of /cvs/cds
2017-11-19 07:00:02,592 ERROR      External drive not mounted!!!

  13936   Sun Jun 10 03:46:38 2018 KojiUpdateIOOWFS HEAD SW confusion

I was checking on the slow machine channels and found something I could not understand.

On the IOO WFS HEAD screen, there are two sets of 4 switches (magenta rectangles in Attachment 1) labeled 2/4/8/16dB.
But as far as I could confirm with the WFS demod (D980233) and WFS head (D980012) drawings, they are the gain (attenuation) switches for the individual segments.
Their epics variable names are "C1:IOO-WFS1_SEG1_ATTEN", "C1:IOO-WFS1_SEG2_ATTEN", etc...

I confirmed the switches are alive (effective), and they are not all ON or OFF. I wonder what is the real situation there...

  13944   Mon Jun 11 22:05:03 2018 KojiUpdateelogComparison of the analytical and finesse values of TMS and FSR.

> The percentage error which I found out =[(analytical value - finesse value)/analytical value]*100

Yes, I this does not give us 0.70%

(3.893408 - 3.8863685)/3.893408 *100 = 0.18%

But any way, go for the fitting.

  13946   Mon Jun 11 22:46:24 2018 KojiUpdateIOOWFS HEAD SW confusion

The unfortunate discovery today was that the attenuator switches on the IMC WFS heads are actually assigned to individual segments, and they are active. That means that we have been running the WFS with an uneven gain setting. The attached PDFs show that the signals with the attenuators on and off all at the same time, while the WFS servo output was frozen. A more annoying feature is that when some of the attenuators are on, this does not lower the gain completely. I mean that the attenuated channels show some reduction of the gain, but that is not the level of reduction we see when all attenuators are turned on. This RF could come from some internal RF coupling or some similar effect.

Moreover, the demodulation phases are quite off for most of the segments.

So far, the WFS is running with this uneven attenuation. We take time to characterize the gain and retune the demod phases and input matrices.

  13975   Sat Jun 16 01:25:29 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralPRC modescan attempt

The PRC FSR is, of course, very close to twice of our f1 moudlation frequency (11MHz x 2 = 22MHz) .

I still don't understand what response the measurement is looking for. I understood the idea of using the subcarrier as a stablized carrier to the PRC with a certain freq offset from the main carrier. I suppose what was swept was the AOM modulation frequency (i.e. modulation frequency of the AM applied to the subcarrier). If that is the case, the subcarrier seemed fixed at an arbitorary frequency (i.e. 50MHz) away from the carrier. If one of the AM sidebands hits the PRC resonance (i.e. 22, 44, 66MHz away from the main carrier), you still have the other sideband reflected back to the AS. Then the RF signal at the AS is still dominated by this reflected sideband. I feel that the phase modulation is rather suitable for this purpose.

If you are talking about ~MHz AM modulation by the AOM and scanning the PLL frequency from 1MHz to 60MHz, the story is different. And this should involve demodulation of the AS signal at the AM modulation frequency. But I still don't understand why we don't use phase modulation, which gives us the PDH type signal at the reflection (i.e. AS) port...


  13977   Sun Jun 17 14:20:35 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralChiara new USB 4TB DIsk

I have connected a 4TB disk to chiara via a USB-SATA adapter. This disk has been recognized as /dev/sde. A GUID Partition Table (GPT), not MBR was made with gdisk to make a partition with the size beyond 2TB.
I tried to use "dd" to copy /home/cds (/dev/sdb1) to /dev/sde1, but failed. The copy was done (taking ~12h) and the partition was not recognized as a complete filesystem.

So I decided to use rsync instead.

sudo mkfs -t ext4 /dev/sde1
sudo mkdir /media/usb4g
sudo mount -t ext4 -o rw /dev/sde1 /media/usb4g
sudo rsync -a --progress /home/cds/ /media/usb4g

14:33 Copied     33G/1831G
14:38 Copied     36G/1831G
17:02 Copied   365G/1831G (~2.2GB/min)
01:18 Copied 1449G/1831G (~2.2GB/min)
04:36 Completed
> sent 1907955222607 bytes  received 126124609 bytes  37010956.31 bytes/sec
> total size is 1907271994803  speedup is 1.00

  13980   Mon Jun 18 12:07:03 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralChiara new USB 4TB DIsk

The initial local backup with rsync was done. Now the new 4TB disk is (supposed to be) automatically mounted at boot as /media/40mBackup so that we can run the daily backup on this disk. (<- This was confirmed by "sudomount -a")

controls@chiara|~> sudo blkid
/dev/sde1: UUID="92dc7073-bf4d-4c58-8052-63129ff5755b" TYPE="ext4"

controls@chiara|~> cat /etc/fstab


UUID=92dc7073-bf4d-4c58-8052-63129ff5755b   /media/40mBackup    ext4    defaults    0   0

Here I've used UUID rather than the device name "/dev/sde1" because the device name can get altered depending on the order of the usb connection.

This new disk is just a bare HDD drive sitting on the top of the chassis. We eventually want to accommodate this disk in the chassis so that we can recover the function only with the modification of /etc/fstab.  We need to wait for a next chance to have chiara down. In fact, when we can isolate chiara, we want to use this disk as the main disk and install another 4TB disk as a backup.

  13983   Mon Jun 18 16:57:54 2018 KojiUpdatePSLOptics on AS table

Of course, many (but no all) of the optics were custom-ordered back in ~2000.

  13997   Thu Jun 21 14:57:59 2018 KojiSummaryGeneralA summary of the Tip-TIlt Mirror Holder design changes

> 2. Weighted screw rod at the bottom for tilting the mirror-holder:

Too long. The design of the holder should be check with the entire assembly.
We should be able to make it compact if we heavier weights.
How are these weights fixed on the shaft?
Also can we have options for smaller weights for the case we don't need such a range?
Note the mass of the weights.

> 3. Set-screws on both side of wire clamp to adjust its horizontal position:

How much is the range of the clamp motion limited by the slot for the side screws and the slot for the protrusion? Are they matched?
Can you show us the design of the slot made on the mirror holder?


Where is the center of mass (CoM) for the entire mirror holder assy and how much is the height gap between the CoM and the wire release points. Can you do this with 3/8" and 1/2" fused silica mirrors?

  14011   Sat Jun 23 20:54:35 2018 KojiUpdateAUXFirst Coherent AUX Scan of PRC Using AM Sidebands

How much was the osc freq of the marconi? And then how much was the resulting freq offset between PSL and AUX?

Are we supposed to see two dips with the separation of an FSR? Or four dips (you have two sidebands)?

And the distance between the dips (28MHz-ish?) seems too large to be the FSR (22MHz-ish).
cf https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/IFO_Modeling/RC_lengths

  14015   Mon Jun 25 21:14:08 2018 KojiSummaryGeneralRe: A summary of the Tip-TIlt Mirror Holder design changes

- Do we need this much of extended range of the clamp location? How much range will we need if we use either 3/8 or 1/4 inch mirrors?
- This slot on the mirror holder ring is not machinable.

About the CoM height
- Include the angle adjustment screw and adjust the wire releasing point to have comparable pitch resonant freq to the SOS suspension.


  14026   Wed Jun 27 19:37:16 2018 KojiConfigurationComputersNew NAT router installed

[Larry, Koji]

We replaced the NAT router between martian and the campus net. We have the administrative web page available for the NAT router, but it is accessible from inside (=martian) as expected.

We changed the IP address registration of nodus for the internet so that the packets to nodus is directed to the NAT router. Then the NAT router forwards the packets to actual nodus only for the allowed ports. Because of this change of the IP we had a few confusions. First of all, martian net, which relies on chiara for DNS resolution. The 40m wifi router seemed to have internal DNS cache and required to reboot to make the IP change effective.

The WAN side cable of nodus was removed.

We needed to run "sudo rndc flush" to force chiara's bind9 to refresh the cache. We also needed to restart httpd ("sudo systemctl restart httpd") on nodus to make the port 8081 work properly. 

So far, ssh (22), web services (30889), and elog (8081, 8080) were tested. We also need to test megatron NDS port forwarding and rsync for nodus, too.

Finally I turned off the firewall rules of shorewall on nodus as it is no longer necessary.

More details are found on the wiki page. https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/FirewallSetting

  14067   Fri Jul 13 17:13:45 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralVent objectives and prep

Notice: I removed these 75Ohm video cables.

  14069   Fri Jul 13 20:36:33 2018 KojiSummaryGeneralIn vac/In air heater wiring

I went to the Y-end and took more photos of the cable stand. These revealed that in-vac pin #13 is connected to the shield of the cable (P.2). This in-vac pin #13 corresponds to  in-air pin #1. So in the end, we bunch the pins in the following order.

In Air In Vac
Pin #2-7 Pin #12-7
Pin #8-13 Pin #6-1
Pin #14-19 Pin #25-20
Pin #20-25 Pin #19-14


  14073   Mon Jul 16 15:07:19 2018 KojiSummaryVACOven C vent

[Steve Koji]

- Attachment1: Removed the thermal cap. Checked the temperature of the oven. It was totally cold.

- Attachment2: Confirmed the RGA section was isolated. The pumps for the RGA was left running.

- Attachment3: Closed the main valve. The pumps for the main volume was left running.

- Attachment4: Started removing the rid. This did not change the gause readings as they were isolated from the venting main volume.

- Attachment5: Opened the rid. Took the components out on a UHV foil bag. The rid was replaced but loosely held by a few screws with the old gasket, just to protect the frange and the volume from rough dusts.

  14074   Mon Jul 16 18:12:00 2018 KojiUpdateVACAdding a manual gate valve between TP1 and V1/VM2

[Steve Koji]

We are in the process of adding a manual gate valve between TP1 (Osaka Maglev) and the other gate valves (I suppose V1 and VM2).
The work is still on going and we will continue to work on this tomorrow. Because this section is isolated from the main volume, this work does not hold off the possible rough pumping tomorrow morning.

The motivation of this work is as follows:
- Since TP2 failed, the main vacuum volume has been pumped down by TP1 and TP3. However TP3 is not capable to handle the large pressure difference at the early stage of the turbo pumping. This cause TP3 to have excessive heating or even thermal shutdown.
- The remedy is to put a gate valve between TPs and the main vacuum to limit the amount of gas flowing into the TPs. This indeed slows down the pumping speed of turbo, but this is not the dominant part of the pumping time.

Actual work:
- Comfirmed TP1 is isolated.
- Unscrewed the flange of TP1.
- Remove TP1. This required to lift up TP1 with some shim as the nuts interferes with the TP1 body. (Attachment1, 2, 3)
- Now remove 10inch flange adapter. (Attachment4)
Attach 10"-8" adapter and 8" rotational sleeve. (Attachment5)

  14077   Tue Jul 17 12:55:45 2018 KojiSummaryGeneralStarted pumping

[Steve, Koji, Gautam]

We started pumping down at ~12:15PM.

Vent finalization ~ YEND

  • The table leveling was way off. This was adjusted by the balancing weight. (Attachment 1~3)
  • The alignment of ETMY was not too much off. Just aligned it with the oplev spot on MEDM and this already made the green flashing.
  • The Green TEM00 was maximized with ITMY and ETMY. This made the PSL IR flashing.
  • The heater wires were checked. I found that one of the heater wires was touching the optical table via the cable shield. This is because the upper pins were shifted to the left side (Attachment 4&5). The pins were shifted and now all 4 cables are isolated form the table. I also checked the mutual resistance between the 4 terminals. They were measured to be isolated except two pairs that showed 4.4 Ohms and 4.0 Ohms (Attachment 6)
  • The tools were removed from the chamber. The Y arm was still flashing.
  • We closed the ETMY door.

Vent finalization ~ Vertex

  • Found the ITMX stuck. Gautam came in and showed us his black magic to release the optic...
  • This allowed us to align X arm. The green flash was found and the TEM00 flash was seen. This allowed us to see the PSL IR flash at the X end.
  • PRM Refl was aligned. SRM was aligned with the oplev.
  • The beam on the AS port was checked. The AS beam came out from the window.
  • Closed the OMC chamber.


  • Started pumping with RP1 and RP3. (~12:15PM)

  14080   Tue Jul 17 22:25:41 2018 KojiSummaryVACpumpdown 81 at 6 hrs


  • Opened VM2 to pump down the RGA section with TP1
  • Stopped rotary roughing pumps
    • Manually closed RV1
    • Closed V3
    • Stopped RP1 and RP3
    • Vented the RP hose

The P1 pressure is 380mTorr. I allowed Gautam to use the full PSL power (~1W).

  14084   Wed Jul 18 23:43:50 2018 KojiUpdateGeneralVent 80 recovery

Is the reflector too close to the beam and causing clipping?


For unknown reasons, the Y arm ASS does not maximize TRY. So we are in the unfortunate situation of neither arm having a working ASS servo. To be worked on later.

  14092   Fri Jul 20 22:51:28 2018 KojiUpdateIOOIMC WFS path alignment

IMC WFS tuning

- IMC was aligned manually to have maximum output and also spot at the center of the end QPD.
- The IMC WFS spots were aligned to be the center of the WFS QPDs.
- With the good alignment, WFS RF offset and MC2 QPD offsets were tuned via the scripts.

  14093   Fri Jul 20 22:53:15 2018 KojiUpdateASSAttempt to resurrect Yarm ASS

[Koji Gautam]

We managed to realize stable ASS configuration for Yarm. The transmission of 1.06~1.07 was recovered by introducing intentional beam spot offset in the horizontal direction towards the opposite side of the elliptic reflector. The end table optics were adjusted to have the spots about the center of the mirrors, lenses, and PDs/QPDs.


- The Y arm was manually aligned with a given input axis. The transmission was ~0.8.
- Then, TT2 was moved in yaw such that it introduced the horizontal beam shift at the end. By moving the spot to the opposite side of the reflector. The transmission ~0.95 was obtained after patient alignment work.

- Went to the end table and checked the spots. The beam was not at the center of the last 1" lens for the Trans PDs. The beam steering was adjusted to have the spot nicely going through the lens and the mirrors. This made the transmission level to be ~1.05.

- The beam centering on the Trans PD was checked and adjusted.
- The beam centering on the RF BBPD for the arm scan was checked. The spot was too big for that PD. The lens was slightly moved away from the PD to make the spot on the BBPD small. Now the PD saw the plateu when the steering was scanned (i.e. the spot is small enough).

- With the Y arm locked with MC2, the servo gain needs to be 0.012 instead of nominal 0.015 with ETMY to prevent from servo oscilating.

ASS tuning

- First of all, only the bottom 4 loops out of total 8 loops were tuned. They are the servos for the beam alignment with regard to the caivty. The linearity and the zero crossings were checked with regard to the reference alignment. All of these 4 showed offsets that causes the servo running away. Don't know the reason of this offset, but it is freq dependent. Therefore the dither freqs were tuned to make the offset zeroed, and tuned the demod phases there. This kept the transmission as high as the reference (~1.05)

- This allowed us to play with the spot position a bit by tuning the caivty alignment. In the end, the transmission of ~1.08 was obtained. Using this alignment, A2L offset for ETMY Yaw was determined to be +17 (to make the error signal -17). This offset produces almost a beam radius (5mm) shifted on the end mirror towards the opposite direction of the reflector.

- The nominal servo setting made the spot servo running away. Gautam pointed out that this could be a gain hierarchy problem (i.e. the spot servos are too fast). We ended up reducing the gain of the servo from 1.0 to 0.3 to make the spot servo stable.

- All the ASS setting was stored in a new snap file "script/ASS/ASS-DITEHR_ON.snap". The previous snap was saved to "script/ASS/ASS_DITHER_ON_preVent201807.snap". This did not save the exc gains of the oscillators. Therefore "DITHER_ASS_ON.py" was modified to have the new exc gains (CLKGAIN). The old values are stored in the comments in this script.

Overall this is not an ideal situation as we don't know what is the actually cause of the offsets in the dither error signals. We expect to correct the beam clipping and the suspension sooner or later. Therefore, we will come back to the ASS again once the other issues are corrected.

  14096   Sat Jul 21 14:03:19 2018 KojiSummaryThermal CompensationY arm locking

Ah. With MC2 feedback, we have about 3 times smaller "optical gain" for the ASS A2L. We have same dither, same actuator, but we need only 1/3 actuation of the MC2 compared to the ETMY case.
We had to reduce the ASS spot servo from 1 to 0.3 to make is stable, so this means that the ASS is really merginally stable.

  14112   Sun Jul 29 00:59:54 2018 KojiUpdateElectronicsCharacterization of Transimpedance Amplifier

You have this measurement problem when the IF bandwidth is larger than the measurement frequency. I suspect the IF bandwidth is 30kHz.

  14118   Mon Jul 30 18:19:03 2018 KojiUpdateSUSTrillium interface box was fixed and reinstalled

The trillium interface box was removed from the rack.

The problem was the incorrect use of an under-spec TVS (Transient Voltage Suppression) diodes (~ semiconductor fuse) for the protection circuit.
The TVS diodes we had had the breakdown voltages lower than the supplied voltages of +/-20V. This over-voltage eventually caused the catastrophic breakdown of one of the diodes.

I don't find any particular reason to have these diodes during the laboratory use of the interface. Therefore, I've removed the TVS diodes and left them unreplaced. The circuit was tested on the bench and returned to the rack. All the cables are hooked up, and now the BRLMs look as usual.


- The board version was found to be D1000749-v2

- There was an obvious sign of burning or thermal history around the components D17 and D14. The solder of the D17 was so brittle that just a finger touch was enough to remove the component.

- These D components are TVS diodes (Transient Voltage Suppression Diodes) manufactured by Littelfuse Inc. It is sort of a surge/overvoltage protector to protect rest of the circuit to be exposed to excess voltage. The specified component for D17/D14 was 5.0SMMDJ20A with reverse standoff voltage (~operating voltage) of 20V and the breakdown voltage of 22.20V(min)~24.50V(max). However, the spec sheet told that the marking of the proper component must be "5BEW" rather than "DEM," which is visible on the component. Some search revealed that the used component was SMDJ15A, which has the breakdown voltage of 16.70V~18.50V. This spec is way too low compared to the supplied voltage of +/-20V.

  14121   Wed Aug 1 16:23:48 2018 KojiSummaryComputersTransition of the main NFS disk on chiara

[Gautam Koji]

Taking the opportunity to shutdown c1ioo for adding a DAC card, we shutdown chiara and worked on moving of the main disk to the bigger home.

We shutdown most of the martian machines including the control machines, megatron, optimus, and nodus.

- Before shutting down chiara, we ran rsync to make the 4TB disk (used to be teh backup) and /cvs/cds synced.

sudo rsync -a --progress /home/cds/ /media/40mBackup

- Modified /etc/fstab

proc            /proc           proc    nodev,noexec,nosuid 0       0
# / was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=972db769-4020-4b74-b943-9b868c26043a /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0       1
# swap was on /dev/sda5 during installation
UUID=a3f5d977-72d7-47c9-a059-38633d16413e none            swap    sw              0       0
UUID="90a5c98a-22fb-4685-9c17-77ed07a5e000"    /media/40mBackup       ext4      defaults,relatime,commit=60       0         0
#fb:/frames      /frames nfs     ro,bg

UUID=92dc7073-bf4d-4c58-8052-63129ff5755b   /home/cds    ext4    defaults,relatime,commit=60    0   0

- Shutdown chiara. Put the 4TB disk in the chassis. We also installed a new disk (but later it turned out that it only has 2TB...)

- Restart the mahcine. This already made the 4TB disk mounted as /cvs/cds .

- Restart bind9 with DHCP for the diskless clients (cf. https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/CDS/How_to_join_martian)

sudo service bind9 restart
sudo service isc-dhcp-server restart

- Looks like /etc/resolv.conf is automatically overwritten by a tool or something everytime we restart the machine!? I still don't know how to avoid this. (cf.  https://www.ctrl.blog/entry/resolvconf-tutorial). But at least for today we manually wrote /etc/resolv.conf

controls@chiara|backup> cat /etc/resolv.conf
# Dynamic
resolv.conf(5) file for
glibc resolver(3) generated by resolvconf(8)

search martian

  14138   Mon Aug 6 09:42:10 2018 KojiSummaryComputersTransition of the main NFS disk on chiara

Follow up:

- At least it was confirmed that the local backup (4TB->2TB) is regularly running every morning.

- The 2TB disk was used up to 95%. To ease the size of the remaining space, I have further compressed the burt snapshot folders. (~2016). This released another 150GB. The 2TB is currently used up to  87%.


Filesystem      1K-blocks       Used  Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sdc1      3845709644 1731391748 1918967020  48% /home/cds
/dev/sdd1      2113786796 1886162780  120249888  95% /media/40mBackup


Filesystem      1K-blocks       Used  Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sdc1      3845709644 1731706744 1918652024  48% /home/cds
/dev/sdd1      2113786796 1728124828  278287840  87% /media/40mBackup


  14144   Tue Aug 7 23:06:30 2018 KojiUpdatePSLEOM measuement preparation

I was preparing for the aLIGO EOM measuement to be carried out tomorrow afternoon.

I did a few modifications to the PLL setup.

  • The freq mixier in the PLL setup was replaced with ZP3 (level 7) from ZAD-6
  • The PLL gain was reduced from 3.10 to 2.80 to prevent servo oscillation
  • The main PSL marconi is connected to the PLL mixier and providing fixed 200MHz 8dBm.
  • The main PSL modulation is off.

Tomorrow I am going to modulate the EOM with the AUX Marconi via an amplifier (probably)

Automated scripts (AGinit.py and AGmeas.py) are in /users/koji/scripts

I will revert the setup once the measurement is done tomorrow.

ELOG V3.1.3-