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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  4605   Tue May 3 04:09:53 2011 KojiUpdateLSCREFL55 PD update

[Rana, Koji]

REFL55 was modified. The noise level confirmed. The PD is now ready to be installed.


Kevin's measurement report told us that something was wrong with REFL55 PD. The transimpedance looked OK, but the noise level was terrible (equivalent to the shotnoise of 14mA DC current).

Rana and I looked at the circuit, and cleaned up the circuit, by removing unnecessary 11MHz notch, 1k shunt resister, and so on.

I made a quick characterization of the PD.

First page:

The transimpedance ws measured as a function of the frequency. The resonance was tuned at 55MHz. The notch was tuned at 110MHz in order to reject the second harmonics. The transimpedance was ~540V/A at 55MHz. (For the calibration, I believed the DC transimpedance of 50V/A and 10000V/A for the DC paths of this PD and #1611, respectively, as well as the RF impedance (700V/A0 of #1611.

Second page:

Output noise levels were measured with various amount of photocurrent using white light from a light bulb. The measurement was perforemed well above the noise level of the measurement instruments.

Third page:

The measured output noise levels were converted into the equivalent current noise on the PD. The dark noise level agrees with the shot noise level of 1.5mA (i.e. 22pA/rtHz). In deed, the noise level went up x~1.5 when the photocurrent is ~1.4mA.

  4607   Tue May 3 10:21:25 2011 KojiUpdateLSCdaytime tasks

I think the installation of the PD DC signals are quite important. What to do
1) Connect the DC signals to the right top whitening board (be aware that there may be the modification of the whitening circuit).
2) Reconfigure the LSC model such that the DC signal is passed to the right channels (modify the left top part of the model)


Daytime tasks :

 - PRM & BS oplev (Steve)

 - LSC binary outputs (Joe/Jamie)

 - installation of the REFL55 RFPD (Suresh/Jamie)

 - Adjustment of demodulation phases (Kiwamu)

 - Bounce-Roll filters on BS and PRM (Suresh/Joe)

 - Suspension diagnostic using the free-swinging spectra (Leo)

 - PMC alignment (Jenne/Koji)


  4610   Tue May 3 11:49:03 2011 KojiUpdateLSCdaytime tasks

Done. C1:PSL-PMC_PMCTRANSPD was improved from ~0.75 to 0.87.


- PMC alignment (Jenne/Koji)


  4632   Thu May 5 04:38:20 2011 KojiSummaryLSCComparison between S3399 and FFD-100

Comparison between Hamamatsu S3399 and Perkin Elmer FFD-100

These are the candidates for the BB PD for the green beat detection as well as aLIGO BB PD for 532nm/1064nm.

FFD-100 seems the good candidate.


Basic difference between S3399 and FFD-100

- S3399 Si PIN diode: 3mm dia., max bias = 30V, Cd=20pF

- FFD-100 Si PIN diode: 2.5mm dia., max bias = 100V, Cd=7pF


The circuit at the page 1 was used for the amplifier.

- FFD-100 showed 5dB (= x1.8) larger responsivity for 1064nm compared with S3399. (Plot not shown. Confirmed on the analyzer.)

- -3dB BW: S3399 180MHz, FFD-100 250MHz for 100V_bias. For 30V bias, they are similar.

  4639   Thu May 5 14:40:14 2011 KojiUpdateLSCMI locking : calibration of BS and ITMs actuators

I've got confused

1) Are these the DC responses of the coils? If that is true, we need to specify the resonant frequency of each suspension to get the AC response.

2) Are these the AC responses well above the resonant freqs? In that case, The responses should be x.xxx / f^2 [m/counts]


The open loop transfer functions of the Michelson locking have been measured.

The purpose of this excise is to calibrate the coil-magnet actuators on BS and ITMs.

The estimated actuation coefficients are :

 BS = 3.69e-08 [m/counts]
 ITMX = 8.89e-09 [m/counts]
 ITMY = 9.22e-09 [m/counts]

  4648   Thu May 5 20:47:41 2011 KojiUpdatePSLPMC aligned

The PMC exhibited the reduction of the transmission, so it was aligned.

The misalignment was not the angle of the beam but the translation of the beam in the vertical direction
as I had no improvement by moving the pitch of one mirror and had to move those two differentially.

This will give us the information what is moving by the temperature fluctuation or whatever.

  4649   Fri May 6 01:27:12 2011 KojiSummaryGeneralaLIGO BBPD / Green PD investigation

Minicircuits ERA-5SM was used for the RF amp of the BBPD. This amp is promising as a replacement of Teledyne Cougar AP389
as ERA-5SM gave us the best performance so far among the BBPDs I have ever tested for the aLIGO BBPD/Green.

The -3dB bandwidth of ~200MHz and the noise floor at the shotnoise level of 0.7mA DC current were obtained.

1. Introduction

The aLIGO BBPD candidate (LIGO Document D1002969-v7) employs Teledyne Cougar AP389 as an RF amplifier.
This PD design utilizes the 50Ohm termination of the RF amp as a transimpedance resistance at RF freq.

However, it turned out that the bandwidth of the transimpedance gets rather low when we use AP389, as seen in the attachment2.
The amplifier itself is broadband upto 250MHz (the transfer function was confirmed with 50Ohm source).
The reason is not understood but AP389 seems dislike current source. Rich suggested use of S-parameter measurement
to construct better model of the curcuit.

On the other hand, the RF amplifiers from Minicircuits (coaxial type like ZFL-1000LN+), in general, exhibit better compatibility with PDs.
If you open the amplifier case, you find ERA or MAR type monolithic amplifiers are used.

So the question is if we can replace AP389 by any of ERA or MAR.

2. Requirement for the RF amp

- The large gain of the RF amp is preffered as far as the output does not get saturated.

- The amplifier should be low noise so that we can detect shot noise (~1mA).

- The freq range of the useful signal is from 9MHz to 160MHz.

The advanced LIGO BBPD is supposed to be able to receive 50mW of IR or 15mW of 532nm. This approximately corresponds to
5mA of DC photocurrent if we assume FFD-100 for the photodiode. At the best (or worst) case, this 5mA has 100% intensity modulation.
If this current is converted to the votage through the 50Ohm input termination of the RF amp, we receive -2dBm of RF signal at maximum.

This gives us a dilemma. if the amp is low noise but the maximum output power is small, we can not put large amount of light
on the PD. If the amp has a high max output power (and a high gain), but the amp is not low noise, the PD has narrow power range
where we can observe the shotnoise above the electronics noise.

What we need is powerful, high gain, and low noise RF amplifier!

Teledyne Cougar AP389 was almost an ideal candidate before it shows unideal behavior with the PD.
Among Minicircuits ERA and MAR series, ERA-5 (or ERA-5SM) is the most compatible amplifier.

AP389 ERA-5
Freq Range 10-250MHz DC-4GHz
Gain >24.5dB 20dBtyp
Output power (1dB compression)
23dBm 18.4dBm
IP3 36dBm 33dBm
Noise Figure <3.3dB 3.5dB

Considering the difference of the gain, they are quite similar for our purpose. Both can handle upto -2dBm,
which is just the right amount for the possible maximum power we get from the 5mA of photocurrent.

3. Test circuit with ERA-5SM

A test circuit has been built (p.1 attachment #1) on a single sided prototype board. 

First, the transfer function was measured with FFD-100. With the bias 100V (max) the -3dB bandwidth of ~200MHz was observed.
This decreases down to 75MHz if the bias is 25V, which is the voltage supplied by the aLIGO BBPD circuit. The transimpedance
at the plateau was ~400Ohm.

Next, S3399 was tested with the circuit. With the bias 25V and 30V (max) the -3dB bandwidth of ~200MHz was obtained although
the responsivity of S3399 (i.e. A/W) at 1064nm is about factor of 2 smaller than that of FFD-100.

The noise levels were measured. There are many sprious peaks (possibly by unideal hand made board and insufficient power supply bypassing?).
Othewise, the floor level shows 0.7mA shotnoise level.

  4658   Sat May 7 12:57:54 2011 KojiSummaryGeneralaLIGO BBPD / Green PD investigation

The RF amplifier of the prototype BBPD has been replaced from ERA-5SM to MAR-6SM.
The bandwidth is kept (~200MHz for S3399 with 30V_bias), and the noise level got better
while the maximum handling power was reduced.

MAR-6SM is a monolithic amplifier from Minicircuits. It is similar to ERA-5SM but has lower noise
and the lower output power.

AP389 ERA-5 MAR-6
Freq Range 10-250MHz DC-4GHz DC-2GHz
Gain >24.5dB 20dBtyp 21.8dBtyp
Output power (1dB comp.)
+23dBm +18.4dBm +3.7dBm
IP3 36dBm 33dBm 18.1dBm
Noise Figure <3.3dB 3.5dB 2.3dB

The noise floor corresponds to the shotnoise of the 0.4mA DC current.
Now the mess below 50MHz and between 90-110MHz should be cleaned up.
They are consistently present no matter how I change the PD/RF amp (ERA<->MAR)/bias voltage.

I should test the circuit with a different board and enhanced power/bias supply bypassing.

Discussion on the RF power (with M. Evans)

- Assume 5mA is the maximum RF (~50mW for 1064nm, ~15mW for 532nm). This is already plenty in terms of the amount of the light.

- 100% intenisty modulation for 5mA across 50Ohm induces -2dBm RF power input for the amplifier.

- Assume if we use MAR-6 for the preamplifier. The max input power is about -18dBm.
  This corresponds to 16% intensity modulation. It may be OK, if we have too strong intensity modulation, we can limit the power
  down to 0.8mA in the worst case. The shot noise will still be above the noise level.

- In the most of the applications, the RF power is rather small. (i.e. 40m green beat note would expected to be -31dBm on the RF amp input at the higherst, -50dBm in practice)
So probably we need more gain. If we can add 10-12dB more gain, that would be useful.

- What is the requirement for the power amplifier?

  • Gain: 10~12dB
  • Output (1dBcomp): +3dBm +Gain (13dBm~15dBm)
  • Noise level / Noise Figure: 3nV/rtHz or NF=14dB
    The output of MAR-6 has the votage level of ~7nV/rtHz. If we bring the power amplifier with input noise of ~3nV/rtHz,
    we can surppress the degradation of the input equivalent noise to the level of 10%. This corresponds to N.F. of 14dB.

Search result for Freq Range 10-200MHz / Max Gain 14dB / Max NF 15dB / Min Power Out 13dBm
GVA-81 is available at the 40m. ERA-4SM, ERA-6SM, HELA-10D are available at Downs.

Model Name Frequency [MHz] DC Power Case Style Price
Low High Current [mA] Volt [V]
ERA-4 DC 4000 65 4.5 VV105
ERA-4SM DC 4000 65 4.5 WW107
ERA-4XSM DC 4000 65 4.5 WW107
ERA-6 DC 4000 70 5 VV105
ERA-6SM DC 4000 70 5 WW107
GALI-6 DC 4000 70 5 DF782
GVA-81+ DC 7000 112 5 DF782
HELA-10C 5 450 525 12 CM624
HELA-10D 8 300 525 12 CM624

Freq Range DC-6GHz DC-4GHz DC-4GHz DC-4GHz
Gain 10.5dB 13.7dB 12.6dB 12.2dB
Output power (1dB comp.)
+19dBm +17.5dBm +17.1dBm +18.2dBm
IP3 42dBm 36dBm 36.5dBm 35.5dBm
Noise Figure 7.3dB 4dB 4.4dB 4.5dB


Conversion between nV/rtHz and NF (in the 50Ohm system)

SN1: Connect signal source (50Ohm output) to a 50Ohm load.
Power ratio between the noise and the signal

SN1 = (4 k T (R/2)) / (S/2)^2

SN2: Connect signal source (50Ohm output) to an RF amp.
Only the voltage noise was considered.

SN2 = (4 k T (R/2) + Vn^2) / (S/2)^2

10 Log10(SN2/SN1) = 10. Log10(1 + 2.42 (Vn / 1nVrtHz)^2)

Vn: 0 nVrtHz ==> 0dB
Vn: 0.5 nVrtHz ==> 2dB
Vn: 1 nVrtHz ==> 5dB
Vn: 2 nVrtHz ==> 10dB
Vn: 3 nVrtHz ==> 13.5dB

  4676   Tue May 10 09:05:49 2011 KojiUpdateGeneralaLIGO BBPD / Green PD investigation

BBPD update

- The BBPD circuit has been constructed on the aLIGO BBPD board

- It still keeps 200MHz BW with FDD-100 Si PD for the 100V bias.

- The noise spectrum has been cleaned up a lot more. It shows the noise level of the 0.4mA shotnoise between 9-85MHz.
The noise at 160MHz is the noise level of the 1mA shotnoise.

Some of the noise peaks at around 97MHz came from the bias voltage.

What to do next

- Confirmation of the performance with the original aLIGO BB PD configuration.

- Notch filter for 9MHz (for aLIGO).

- Implementation of a power amplifier. (issues: power supply and heat removal)

  4716   Sat May 14 14:12:16 2011 KojiUpdateRF SystemDC power supply on RF distribution box has been replaced.

Key points of the power supply installation

  • We followed the grounding configuration for KEPCO except for the signal ground connection
  • AC power supply has been obtained from the local power strip. This also provides chassis earthing (for safety)
  • The chassis is connected to the shieldin of the DC supply cable. The other end should be isolated.
  • The low voltage side of Sorensen's DC outputs are connected in order to share the same reference  level.
  • The ground level is provided from the cross connect. The cable is connected between the cross connect ground to the sorencen.
    Unlike the KEPCO case, this cable does not have the current return, but just is to define the voltage level of those Sorensens.
  • New AC&DC cables have been nicely strain-relieved.


[Steve, Koji, Suresh]

   We shifted two Sorensen power supplies from the Auxiliary rack next to 1X2 to 1Y2.  And have installed them there (pic below).  The local ground reference was picked up from the racks ground reference.  A shielded cable with two twisted pairs was used to make a new power cable for the RF rack.  Since we are using three of the four conductors (+18,+28 and ground), one of them is not connected to anything.  This situation can be improved in a future iteration when, for example, we might wish to relocate the Sorensens to a different rack.

   We are still working on changing the power supply to the RF source.  Will complete this early next week


  4717   Sat May 14 14:50:21 2011 KojiUpdateLSC1Y2 5V Blown Fuse found -> Fixed

Incidentally, a blown fuse on 5V line at 1Y2 rack was found during the intallation of Sorensens.
The fuse (5A 125V) has been replaced and fixed.

When I plugged the fuse in, I heard some sound like relays were switched. Are there any relays in the LSC rack?

It was a 9th fuse from the top as seen in the picture.

  4727   Mon May 16 15:46:05 2011 KojiUpdateGeneraloptical layout viewable on the online version of autocad

I have made my own AutoCAD WS account and put the latest 40m layout.
AutoCAD WS is a free cloud service which enable us to browse/edit the DWG files.

You can view/play/print it from the following link even without making the account.


If you make your account you can actually save it although the editing capability is somewhat limited.

- It needs the Flash plug-in and Internet connection.
- I think Safari is the most stable platform on Mac. (i.e. I had some malfunctions with Firefox and Chrome)

  4738   Wed May 18 15:54:50 2011 KojiUpdateRF SystemDC power supplies for the RF generation box in place

[Koji, Steve]

DC power supplies for the RF generation box are now in place. They are the top two of the 6 Sorensens in the OMC short rack next to 1X2.

We made the connections as we did for the RF distribution box, the power supplies labele, and the cables strain-relieved.

The power supply is not yet connected to the actual RF generation box. This should be done by Suresh or someone with the supervision of him.

We have two +18V supply on the short OMC rack, in total. One is for the RF source, the other is for the OMC PZTs, whitening, etc.
This is to avoid unnecessary ground loop
although the grounding situation of the OMC side is not known to me.

  4756   Fri May 20 11:37:44 2011 KojiUpdateElectronicsREFL11 fixed (REFL11 not working)

- Found the inductor which shunts the positive input of MAX4107 was not touching the ground.
This left the positive input level undetermined at DC. This was why MAX had been saturated.
The PCB has a cut, so it was surprising once the circuit worked.

- Resoldered the inductor to the ground. This made the circuit responding to the intensity-modulated beam.

- But the resonances and the notches were totally off, and the 200MHz oscillation has resurrected.

- Attached 40Ohm+22pF network between the neg-input of MAX and the gnd. This solved the oscillation.

- Made the tuning and the characterizations. The PD is on Kiwamu's desk and ready to go.

More to come later

I took REFL11 out from the AS table for a health check because it wasn't working properly.

The symptoms were :

   - a big offset of ~ -3 V on the RF output. No RF signals.

   - The DC output seemed to be okay. It's been sensitive to light.

I did a quick check and confirmed that +/- 5V were correctly supplied to the op-amps.

It looks that the last stage (MAX4107) is saturated for some reasons. Need more inspections.

At the moment the REFL11 RFPD is on the bench of the Jenne laser.


  4758   Sat May 21 17:02:38 2011 KojiUpdateElectronicsAlberto's 11MHz was modified to POP55MHz

- Resonant at 55MHz. The transimpedance is 258Ohm. That is about half of REFL55 (don't know why).

- 11MHz&110MHz notch

- The 200MHz oscillation of MAX4106 was damped by the same recipe as REFL11.



  4763   Mon May 23 18:16:42 2011 KojiConfigurationLSCPOY55 installed

The DC Transimpedance of POP55 was increased from 50 Ohm to 10010 Ohm. There is the offset of 46mV. This should be cancelled in the CDS.


Last Saturday the POY55 RFPD (see this entry) was installed on the ITMY optical bench for the trial of the DRMI locking.

Since the amount of the light coming into the diode is tiny, the DC monitor showed ~ 3 mV even when the PRC was locked to the carrier.

In order to amplify the tiny RF signal from the photo diode a ZHL amplifier was installed next to the RFPD. The RF amp is sitting on delrin posts for insulation from the table.


  4778   Wed Jun 1 21:56:43 2011 KojiUpdateGeneralaLIGO BBPD / Green PD final result

Here is the conclusive result for the circuit configuration for aLIGO BBPD and 40m Green PD.

- Use Mini-circuits MAR-6SM for the RF preamplifier. The 50Ohm input impedance is used for the RF transimpedance.
  The maximum output is ~4dBm.

- Use Mini-circuits GALI-6 for the RF middle power amp. The gain is 12dB and the amplifier is linear up to +17dBm. i.e. This is still linear at the maximum output level of MAR-6SM.

- The total RF transimpedance is ~2k. The DC transimpedance is also 2k.

- The bandwidth is 80MHz with FFD100 and internal 25V bias. When S3399 is used, the bandwdith goes up to 180MHz
although the responsivity of FFD100 at 1064nm is better than S3399 by a factor of 1.5. At the 40m we will use S3399 for the green BB PD.

- By adding an LC network next to the PD, one of the unnecessary signal can be notched out.
As an example, 9MHz notch was placed for the FFD100 case.

- Noise level: ~10pA/rtHz as a floor noise level at around 30MHz. This corresponds to the equivalent dark current of 0.4mA.

Matt has finished the PCB layout. We will order small first batches, and stuff it for the test. Some of these will be the 40m green PD.

  4782   Thu Jun 2 23:10:10 2011 KojiUpdateElectronicsREFL11 test results (Re: REFL11 fixed)

The full characterization of REFL11 is found in the PDF.

Resonance at 11.062MHz
Q of 15.5, transimpedance 4.1kOhm
shotnoise intercept current = 0.12mA (i.e. current noise of 6pA/rtHz)

Notch at 22.181MHz
Q of 28.0, transimpedance 23 Ohm

Notch at 55.589MHz
Q of 38.3, transimpedance 56 Ohm


  4783   Fri Jun 3 14:27:32 2011 KojiUpdateElectronicsPOP55 test results

The full characterization of POP55 is found in the PDF.

Resonance at 54.49MHz
Q of 2.5, transimpedance 241Ohm
shotnoise intercept current = 4.2mA (i.e. current noise of 37pA/rtHz)

Notch at 11.23MHz
Q of 2.4, transimpedance 6.2 Ohm

Notch at 110.80MHz
Q of 53.8, transimpedance 13.03 Ohm


  4787   Mon Jun 6 16:44:34 2011 KojiUpdateElectronicsPOY11 tested

The full characterization of POY11 is found in the PDF.

Resonance at 11.03MHz
Q of 7.6, transimpedance 1.98kOhm
shotnoise intercept current = 0.17mA (i.e. current noise of 7pA/rtHz)

Notch at 21.99MHz
Q of 56.2, transimpedance 35.51 Ohm

Notch at 55.20MHz
Q of 48.5, transimpedance 37.5 Ohm


  4805   Fri Jun 10 14:50:37 2011 KojiUpdateLSCNew LSC code installed

[Koji Jamie]

The new c1lsc code has been installed. The LSC screens have also been updated (except for ASS screen).

The major changes are:

1. Naming of the RFPD channels. Now the PD signals were named like:

REFL11_I_IN1, REFL11_I_IN2, REFL11_I_OUT ....

instead of REFL11I_blah

2. NREFL11, etc has been removed. We now have the official error signals
named like


We can't use the name "REFL11_I" for the error signal as this name is
occupied by the name of the filter module.

  4813   Tue Jun 14 03:15:29 2011 KojiHowToComputer Scripts / ProgramsKissel Button Generator

I have made a python script to generate the button designed by Jeff Kissel for his ISI screen.

It is currently located at the following location:
but should be relocated to somewhere appropriate.
It also uses fragmented medm files named "MATRIX*.adl_parts".

# Jamie, could you suggest the right place?

The parameters are assigned at the beggining of the script.
This script print the result to stdout. So you need to redirect the output into a file.

> ./generate_KisselButton.py >tmp.adl

The script should be modified such that it accepts the command line options.
It needs more python learning for me.

# Number of the column
mat_h = 20;

# Number of the row
mat_v = 10;

# horizontal pixel size of the rectangular display for each matrix element
button_width = 8;

# vertical pixel size of the rectangular display for each matrix element
button_height = 8;

replace_dict = {
# Title
# Path of the MEDM file to be open by clicking the button
# The channel name of the matrix element
# ($V and $H are replaced to the numbers i.e. "_3_4")


  4820   Wed Jun 15 00:50:11 2011 KojiHowToComputer Scripts / ProgramsKissel Button Generator

Now the Kissel-button generator takes the command line arguments and options.
The script is fully documented by the usage message of the script itself.
It still needs the external supporting files "MATRIX*.adl_parts".

Now the LSC screen has these buttons for the input and output matrices.
The command lines to generate those buttons are listed at the end of this entry as the examples.


>./generate_KisselButton.py -h
generate_KisselButton.py [options]  end_row end_column matrix_ch_name

This generates an MEDM screen of a button with the style designed by
Jeff Kissel for his ISI screens. This button has a display of a matrix
elements. If the matrix element is non-zero it glows in green. Otherwise
its color is dark. Usually the button created by this script
is to be copy-pasted to other screens.

Three arguments have to be given:
  end_row         the number of the row at the end
  end_column      the number of the column at the end
  matrix_ch_name  the channel name of the matrix to be monitored
                  e.g. give C1:LSC-OUTPUT_MTRX for C1:LSC-OUTPUT_MTRX_1_1, ...

There are options prepared in order to control the parameters of the button.

generate_KisselButton.py 6 6 C1:LSC-OUTPUT_MTRX
      6x6 matrix for C1:LSC-OUTPUT_MTRX

  -h, --help          show this help message and exit
  --sr=START_ROW      specify the starting row number for the button array.
                      [default: 1]
  --sc=START_COLUMN   specify the starting column number for the button array.
                      [default: 1]
  --bw=BUTTON_WIDTH   specify the pixel width of the small button. [default:
  --bh=BUTTON_HEIGHT  specify the pixel height of the small button. [default:
  --dl=DISPLAY_LABEL  specify the button label. [default: channel name]
  --sn=SCREEN_NAME    specify the file name of the screen opened when one
                      click the button. The relative or absolute path can be
                      included. [default: a name guessed from the channel
                      name. e.g. C1LSC_OUTPUT_MTRX.adl for C1:LSC-OUTPUT_MTRX]

>./generate_KisselButton.py --bw=3 --bh=4 --dl="RFPD InMTRX" 16 8 C1:LSC-PD_DOF_MTRX > rfpd_mtrx.adl

>./generate_KisselButton.py --sc=21 --bw=6 --bh=4 --dl="DCPD InMTRX" 27 8 C1:LSC-PD_DOF_MTRX > dcpd_mtrx.adl

>./generate_KisselButton.py --bw=4 --bh=4 --dl="Trig MTRX" 11 8 C1:LSC-TRIG_MTRX > trig_mtrx.adl

>./generate_KisselButton.py --bw=4 --bh=4 --dl="Out MTRX" 9 10 C1:LSC-OUTPUT_MTRX > output_mtrx.adl

  4826   Thu Jun 16 00:39:08 2011 KojiUpdatePEMPEM AA Board has been diagnosed and fixed

As seen in the photo, the board has a strange bulge on the board,
the color of the internal line around the bulge got darkened.

I don't trust this board any more. We should switch to the alternative one.


Steve will re-install the board in the rack in the morning.


  4827   Thu Jun 16 00:43:36 2011 KojiUpdateSUSVertex SUS Binary Output Boxes were turned off / need investigation

- I was investigating the SUS whitening issue.

- I could not find any suspension which can handle the input whitening switch correctly.

- I went to 1X5 rack and found that both of the two binary output boxes were turned off.
As far as I know they are pulling up the lines which are switched by the open collector outputs.

- I tried to turn on the switch. Immediately I noticed the power lamps did not work. So I need an isolated setup to investigate the situation.

- The cables are labelled. I will ask steve to remove the boxes from the rack.

  4829   Thu Jun 16 23:19:09 2011 KojiUpdateSUSVertex SUS Binary Output Boxes removed

[Jamie, Koji]

- We found the reason why some of the LEDs had no light. It was because the LEDs were blown as they were directly connected to the power supply.
The LEDs are presumably designed to be connected to a 5V supply (with internal current-limiting resistor of ~500Ohm). The too much current
with the 15V (~30mA) made the LED blown, or the life-time of them shorter.

- Jamie removed all of the BO modules and I put 800Ohm additional resister such that the resultant current is to be 12mA.
The LEDs were tested and are fine now.

- The four BO boxes for C1SUS were restored on the rack. I personally got confused what should be connected where
even though I had labeled for BO0 and BO1. I just have connected CH1-16 for BO0. The power supplies have been connected only to BO0 and BO1.

- I tested the whitening of PRM UL sensor by exciting PRM UL sensor. The transfer function told us that the pendulum response can be seen
up to 10-15Hz. When the whitening is on, I could see the change of the transfer function in that freq band. This is good.
So the main reason why I could not see theis was that the power supply for the BOs were not turned on.

- I suppose Jamie/Joe will restore all of the BO boxes on the racks tomorrow. I am going to make a test script for checking the PD whitenings.

  4834   Fri Jun 17 23:20:05 2011 KojiUpdateLSCSome updates of the LSC screen

Some updates of the LSC screen

- Signal amplitude monitor for the PD signals (--> glows red for more than 1000)

- Kissel Buttons for the main matrices

- Trigger display at the output of the DOF filters

- Signal amplitude monitor for the SUS LSC output (--> glows red for more than 10000)


ADC Over flow monitor is showing some unknown numbers (as ADCs are handled by IOPs).
I asked Joe for the investigation (and consideration for the policies)

  4841   Mon Jun 20 13:48:25 2011 KojiUpdateABSLI-P curve of LightWave M126-1064-700

Hmm. Was the current within the operating range? (i.e. Is it a 700mW laser or a 1W one?)

You can obtain the nominal operating current from the old EPICS values (or some elog entries).

Note that NPROs are designed to be healthy only at around the nominal pumping power
(i.e. thermal gradient, and thermal lensing of the crystal, etc.)


Be aware that this laser should be used under the old SOP. So the appropriate interlocking is mandatory.

And probably we need to modify the SOP such that it reflects the latest situation.


The I-P curve of the LightWave NPRO, which was taken out from the MOPA box, was measured. It looks healthy.

The output power can go up to about 1 W, but I guess we don't want it to run at a high power to avoid any further degradation since the laser is old.

  4873   Thu Jun 23 23:54:29 2011 KojiOmnistructureEnvironmentWe are saved

Sonali, Ishwita, and another anonymous SURF saved the long-lasted water shortage of the 40m

  4905   Wed Jun 29 00:35:36 2011 KojiUpdateLSCnew LSC overview screen 80% done

New LSC screen is 80% completed.

It is now accessible from the LSC menu of "sitemap".

Most of the part in the screen is clickable such that it launches another screen depending on the location of the click.


The bottom part of the screen still need some work.

RFPD screen is temporary

LSC control screen is also temporary

DAC overflow indicators are still broken.

Channel assignment of the whitening filters are arbitrary so far.


  4912   Wed Jun 29 14:43:12 2011 KojiUpdateLSCLSC model updated

LSC model has been updated and running,

- Now the power and signal recycling cavity lengths are named "PRCL" and "SRCL" in stead of three letter names without "L".

- Names for the trigger monitor were fixed. They are now "C1:LSC-DARM_TRIG_MON", etc., instead of "...NORM"

- Channel order of the DC signals for PDDC_MTRX and TRIG_MTRX were changed.

It was "TRX, TRY, REFL, AS, POP, POX, POY" but now "AS, REFL, POP, POX, POY, TRX, TRY".

We should change the locking script to accomodate these changes.

  4915   Thu Jun 30 00:58:19 2011 KojiSummaryLSCLSC whitening filter test

[Jenne, Koji]

We have tested the LSC whitening filters. In summary, they show the transfer functions mostly as expected (15Hz zerox2, 150Hz pole x2).
Only CH26 (related to the slow channel "C1:LSC-PD9_I2_WhiteGain. VAL NMS", which has PD10I label in MEDM) showed different
phase response. Could it be an anti aliasing filter bypassed???

The 32 transfer functions obtained will be fit and summarized by the ZPK parameters.


The CDS system was used in order to get the transfer functions
- For this purpose, three filter modules ("LSC-XXX_I", "LSC-XXX_Q", "LSC-XXX_DC") were added to c1lsc
in order to allow us to access to the unused ADC channels. Those filter modules have terminated outputs.
The model was built and installed. FB was restarted in order to accomodate the new channels.

- Borrow a channel from ETMY UL coil output mon. Drag the cable from the ETMY rack to the LSC analog rack.
- Use 7 BNC Ts to split the signal in to 8 SMA cables.
- Put those 8 signals into each whitening filter module.

- The excitation signal was injected to C1:SUS-ETMY_ULCOIL_EXC by AWGGUI.
- The transfer functions were measured by DTT.
- The excitation signal was filtered by the filter zpk([150;150],[15;15],1,"n")
   so that the whitened output get flat so as to ensure the S/N of the measurement.

- For the switching, we have connected the CONTEC Binary Output Test board to the BIO adapter module
   in stead of the flat cable from the BIO card. This allow us to switch the individual channels manually.

- The whitening filters of 7 channels were turned on, while the last one is left turned off.
- We believe that the transfer functions are flat and equivalent if the filters are turned off.
- Use the "off" channel as the reference and measure the transfer functions of the other channels.
- This removes the effect of the anti imaging filter at ETMY.

- Once the measurement of the 7 channels are done, switch the role of the channels and take the transfer function for the remaining one channel.


- We found the following channel assignment

  • The ADC channels and the PDs. This was known and just a confirmation. 
  • The ADC channels and the WF filter on MEDM (and name of the slow channel)

- We found that the binary IO cable at the back of the whitening filter module for ADC CH00-CH07 were not connected properly.
This was because the pins of the backplane connector were bent. We fixed the pins and the connector has been properly inserted.

- CH26 (related to the slow channel "C1:LSC-PD9_I2_WhiteGain. VAL NMS", which has PD10I label in MEDM) showed different
phase response from the others although the amplitude response is identical.

Summary of the channel assignment (THEY ARE OBSOLETE - SEPT 20, 2011)

ADC                    Whitening Filter
CH  PD                 name in medm   related slow channel name for gain
00  POY11I             PD1I           C1:LSC-ASPD1_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
01  POY11Q             PD1Q          
02  POX11I             PD2I           C1:LSC-SPD1_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
03  POX11Q             PD2Q           C1:LSC-SPD1_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
04  REFL11I            PD3I           C1:LSC-POB1_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
05  REFL11Q            PD3Q           C1:LSC-POB1_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
06  AS11I              PD4I           C1:LSC-ASPD2_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
07  AS11Q              PD4Q           C1:LSC-ASPD2_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
08  AS55I              AS55_I         C1:LSC-ASPD1DC_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
09  AS55Q              AS55_Q         C1:LSC-SPD1DC_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
10  REFL55I            PD3_DC         C1:LSC-POB1DC_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
11  REFL55Q            PD4_DC         C1:LSC-PD4DC_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
12  POP55I             PD5_DC         C1:LSC-PD5DC_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
13  POP55Q             PD7_DC         C1:LSC-PD7DC_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
14  REFL165I           PD9_DC         C1:LSC-PD9DC_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
15  REFL165Q           PD11_DC        C1:LSC-PD11DC_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
16  NC (named XXX_I)   PD5I           C1:LSC-SPD2_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
17  NC (named XXX_Q)   PD5Q           C1:LSC-SPD2_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
18  AS165I             PD6I           C1:LSC-SPD3_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
19  AS165Q             PD6Q           C1:LSC-SPD3_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
20  REFL33I            PD7I           C1:LSC-POB2_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
21  REFL33Q            PD7Q
           C1:LSC-POB2_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
22  POP22I             PD8I
           C1:LSC-ASPD3_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
23  POP22Q             PD8Q
           C1:LSC-ASPD3_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
24  POP110I            PD9I
           C1:LSC-PD9_I1_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
25  POP110Q            PD9Q
           C1:LSC-PD9_Q1_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
26  NC (named XXX_DC)  PD10I
          C1:LSC-PD9_I2_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
27  POPDC              PD10Q
          C1:LSC-PD9_Q2_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
28  POYDC              PD11I
          C1:LSC-PD11_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
29  POXDC              PD11Q
          C1:LSC-PD11_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
30  REFLDC             PD12I
          C1:LSC-PD12_I_WhiteGain. VAL NMS
31  ASDC               ASDC
           C1:LSC-PD12_Q_WhiteGain. VAL NMS

  4970   Fri Jul 15 01:11:21 2011 KojiSummarySUSPhotosensor Head Lessons

Rotate the PDs and the LED so that you can put them as close as possible.
This is to increase the sensitivity of the sensor. Think why the closer the better.

  5003   Wed Jul 20 18:44:54 2011 KojiSummarySUSWeekly Summary

Find Frank and ask him about those components.

  5064   Sat Jul 30 00:33:33 2011 KojiUpdatePSLABSL Laser crystal temp left largely excited & left unattended for more than 3hours

I found that the ref cav trans CCD view was blinking with 30-50 fringe amplitudes. This meant the laser freq was swinging ~50GHz.

I checked the ABSL laser and the SG out of a lock-in amplifier was connected to the slow input.

This was shaking the laser temp from 29degC to 46degC. This was the cause of the fringe swinging.
This big excitation changing the output power too as the temp was changed across it mode-hop region.

I have disconnected the excitation from the laser no matter how useful experiments were took place as there was no e-log entry about this.

I need the explanations

1. Why our precious laser is exposed to such a large swing of temperature?

2. Why the excitation is left like that without any attendance?

3. Why there was no elogging about this activity?

  5086   Mon Aug 1 23:26:32 2011 KojiUpdateLSCREFL33 PD

Old MZ PD (InGaAs 2mm, @29.5MHz) has been modified for REFL33.
There has been no choice for the 11MHz notch other than putting it on the RF preamp
as the notch in parellel to the diode eats the RF transimpedance at 33MHz.

I wait for judgement of Rana if the notch at the MAX4107 feedback is acceptable or not.


  5101   Wed Aug 3 02:20:33 2011 KojiUpdateLSCREFL165 PD

REFL165 PD has been made from the old 166MHz PD.
As the required inductance was ~10nF level, the stray inductance of the circuit pattern was significant.
So, I am not so confident with the circuit functionality before the optical transfer function test.

I will test REFL33 and REFL165 with the Jenne laser to see how they work.



  5108   Wed Aug 3 12:37:57 2011 KojiSummarySUSWeekly Summary

I vote for making an adapter plate between the sliding plate and the bottom base.


This morning, I realized that the current set-up of the horizontal shaker does not allow for the TT to be securely mounted. I was going to change the drill holes in the horizontal slider base (1 inch pitch). Jamie has suggested that it is better to make a pair of holes in the base larger. The circled holes are the ones that will be expanded to a 0.26" diameter so that I can mount the mirror securely to the horizontal slider base. There is a concern that a bit of the TT suspension base will hang over the edge of the horizontal sliding plate. We are not sure if this will cause problems with shaking the mirror evenly. Suggestions/advice are appreciated.


  5112   Wed Aug 3 22:22:47 2011 KojiUpdateLSCREFL165 PD

This REFL165 was good in terms of RF, but I forgot to make the DC path functioning.

I will try some ideas to fix this tomorrow.

  5113   Wed Aug 3 22:31:38 2011 KojiUpdateLSCREFL33 PD

REFL33 is ready for the installation

Characterization results of REFL33 is found in the PDF attachment.

Resonance at 33.18MHz
Q of 6.0, transimpedance 2.14kOhm
shotnoise intercept current = 0.52mA (i.e. current noise of 13pA/rtHz)

Notch at 10.97MHz
Q of 22.34, transimpedance 16.2 Ohm

Notch at 55.60MHz
Q of 42.45, transimpedance 33.5 Ohm


  5117   Thu Aug 4 09:42:19 2011 KojiUpdateABSLABSL Laser shutter closed

The shutter of the ABSL laser is closed for the vent work.

  5121   Fri Aug 5 04:03:16 2011 KojiUpdateLSCREFL165 PD

REFL165 PD was made and tested. The characterization results are in the PDF file.

Resonance at 166.12MHz
Q of 7.3, transimpedance 667Ohm (Series Resistance = Z/Q2 = 2.5Ohm)
shotnoise intercept current = 4.3mA (i.e. current noise of 36pA/rtHz) 

As the circuit pattern had ~10nH level strain inductance, some technique was needed.

  • The diode was pushed in so as to reduce the lengths of the legs as short as possible.
  • The inductor for the resonant circuit has been located as close to the photodiode as possible
  • The other side of the inductor was needed to be bypassed by a large (0.1uF) capacitor, as the original circuit pattern (D1-L5-C33//R22) was too skinny and long.
  • C32 is also moved next to the diode.
  • The path of the photo current circuit was made thicker by Cu tapes.

Now the size of the loop for the resonant circuit is comparable with the size of SOIC-8 opamp.
(Left-Top corner of the photo)

This improved the resonant gain by factor of 8.5dB at the test with TEST INPUT. (Analyzer photo)

There is no tunable component.
The resonant freq was adjusted by a parallel inductance (270nH) to the main inductor (15nH).



  5155   Tue Aug 9 15:14:46 2011 KojiUpdateGeneralin-vac work plan today

This morning Kiwamu and I have aligned the MC. Kiwamu aligned the last steering (on the OMC table) to recover the touch last week.
Then I have aligned the MC with MC1 and MC3 as the last steering did not help to get TEM00.


C1:SUS-MC1_PIT_COMM = 2.6587
C1:SUS-MC1_YAW_COMM = 2.7471
C1:SUS-MC2_PIT_COMM = 3.486
C1:SUS-MC2_YAW_COMM = -1.1592
C1:SUS-MC3_PIT_COMM = -1.876
C1:SUS-MC3_YAW_COMM = 1.2829


C1:SUS-MC1_PIT_COMM = 2.7596
C1:SUS-MC1_YAW_COMM = 2.6627

C1:SUS-MC2_PIT_COMM = 3.486
C1:SUS-MC2_YAW_COMM = -1.1592
C1:SUS-MC3_PIT_COMM = -1.697
C1:SUS-MC3_YAW_COMM = 1.2901


We will move on to the vertex region today.

The goal of the vertex region work is to get the pick-off beams out the chambers, including POX/Y and POP.

The work will be in parallel to the ETM woks.

The first step will be : lock and align MC with the IR beam.


  5163   Wed Aug 10 01:40:40 2011 KojiUpdateSUSETMY exploration

[Rana Koji Jenne Jamie]

- The situation of the ETMY suspension is improved.
- The damping servos except for Pitch are now functional.
- We intentionally turned off the damping servos for the matrix measurements.

- Opened the light door of the ETMY chamber.

- We set up the CDS SUS lockin:

        Excite UL/UR/LL/LR equally [by setting the output matrix (1, 1, 1, 1, 0)] at 3.12Hz with 2000 cnts
        Put the OSEM PD outputs into lockin one by one. For the image rejection, 0.1Hz 4th order LPF has been used though we like to use a faster settling LPF.

- Found only UL was responding to the excitation. After fitzing with the cables and connectors, it was found that the DAC card was loose from the bus.
  By pushing the card the responses have been back. [Note we had the reboot of c1iscey almost at the same time.]

- Checked the response in the I channel of the lockin.
        UL -8ish / UR +7ish / LR +5ish / LL +2ish

- Tweaked LL sensor to get better response ==> in vain. Decided to move the lower OSEM plate for the better positioning of the LR/LL.
- Got reasonable (+5ish) response for LL.

- Confirmed that the POS/YAW/SIDE damping works with positive gains. PITCH did not work with the negative gain (but that could be a good sign.)

- Let the suspension freely swinging for a while (~30min). Checked the side/pos separation. They are not perfect but seemed diagonalizable.

- Closed the light door.

- Jenne will make a better kick/free-swing test later.

  5192   Thu Aug 11 14:32:12 2011 KojiSummarySUSPhotosensor Head Calibration Curve for TT Frame

The entry was quite confusing owing to many misleading wordings.

- The PS2 should be calibrated "as is". (i.e. should be calibrated with the frame)

- The previous calibrations with the highly reflective surface were 0.32V/mm and 0.26V/mm, respectively.
  This time you have 0.10V/mm (with an undescribed surface). The ratio is not 32 but 3.2.

- The DC output of PS2 on the shaking setup was 2.5V. The DC output seen in the plot is 3.5V-ish.
This suggests the possibiliteies:
1) The surface has slightly higher reflectivity than the frame
2) The estimation of the distance between the frame and the PS2 during the TF measurement was not accurate.

- The word "DC coupling level" is misleading. I guess you mean the DC value of the vbration isolation transfer function
  of the suspension.


I have re-calibrated the photosensor I used to measure the displacements of the TT frame (what I call "Photosensor 2").

As before, the linear region is about 15.2mm to 25.4mm. It is characterized by the slope -0.0996 V/mm (-0.1 V/mm). Recall that photosensor 1 (used to measure mirror displacements) has a calibration slope of -3.2V/mm. The ratio of the two slopes (3.2/0.1 = 32). We should thus expect the DC coupling level to be 32? This is not what we have for the DC coupling levels in our data (2.5 for flexibly-supported, fully-assembled TT (with EDC, with bar), 4.2 for EDC without bar, 3.2 for rigid EDC without bar, 3.2 for no EDC, with bar, 3.2 for no EDC without bar) . I think I may need to do my calibration plot for the photosensor at the frame?



  5198   Thu Aug 11 18:30:40 2011 KojiUpdateSUSITMY OSEM adjustment

[Jamie, Koji]

ITMX OSEMs were adjusted so as to have the right DC numbers and the more uniform response to POS excitation.

It is waiting for the free-swinging test.

- ITMX was moved from its position to the north side of the table.

- The table was rebalanced.

- We found that the output of the LR OSEM has an excess noise compared with the other OSEMs.
We tried to swap the LR and SD OSEMs, but the SD OSEM (placed at the LR magnet) showed
the same excess noise at around 10-50Hz.

- We found that one of the EQ stops was touching the mirror. By removing this friction, all of the OSEMs
come to show similar power spectra. Good!

 - Then we started to use LOCKIN technique to measure the sensitivity of the OSEMs to the POS excitation.

Originally the response of the OSEMs was as follows
UL 3.4 UR 4.3 
LL 0    LR 2.5   

After the adjustment of the DC values, final values became as follows
UL 3.9 UR 4.4
LL 3.9  LR 3.2

- We decided to close the light door.

  5224   Sat Aug 13 19:08:01 2011 KojiSummarySUSTT Optimization Curves

What are the parameters you are using? As you have the drawings of the components, you can calculate the masses of the objects.


Reducing the ECD resonance from 10Hz->6Hz looks nice.

The resonant freq of the ECDs are not (fully) determined by the gravitational energy but have the contribution of the elastic energy of the wire.

Q1: How much is the res freq of the ECDs if the freq is completely determined by the grav energy? (i.e. the case of using much thinner wires)

Q2: How thin should the wires be?

  5226   Sat Aug 13 21:48:17 2011 KojiSummarySUSTT Optimization Curves

1) Drawing has the dimensions => You can calculate the volume => You can calculate the mass
Complicated structure can be ignored. We need a rough estimation.

2) Your restoring force can have two terms:
- one comes from the spring constant k
- the other from the gravity


  5336   Fri Sep 2 15:56:32 2011 KojiUpdateIOOtriple resonant box : ready to install

What are the reflected RF powers for those frequencies? 
Is the 29.5MHz more problem than the 55MHz, considering the required modulation depth?


  5431   Fri Sep 16 11:15:12 2011 KojiUpdateIOOPZT1 situation

[Koji Kiwamu]

- We have checked the situation of the broken Piezo Jenna PZT (called PZT1)

- Tested PZT1 by applying a dc voltage on the cables. Found that pitch and yaw reasonably moving and the motions are well separated each other.
  The pitch requires +20V to set the IPPOS spot on the QPD center.

- Made a high-voltage (actually middle voltage) amp to convert +/-10V EPICS control signal into -5 to +30V PZTout. It is working on the prototype board and will be put into the actual setup soon.


- The Piezo Jenna driver box has 4 modules. From the left-hand side, the HV module, Yaw controller, Pitch controller, and Ben abbot's connector converter.

- We checked the voltage on Ben's converter board. (Photo1)
  It turned out that the red cable is the one have the driving voltage while the others stays zero.

- We hooked a 30V DC power supply between the red cable and the shield which is actually connected to the board ground.

- Applying +/-10V, we confirmed the strain gauge is reacting. If we actuated the pitch cable, we only saw the pitch strain gauge reacted. Same situation for yaw too.

- Kiwamu went to IPPOS QPD to see the spot position, while I change the voltage. We found that applying +20V to the pitch cable aligns the spot on the QPD center.


- I started to make a small amplifier boards which converts +/-10V EPICS signals into -5V to +30V PZT outs.

- The OPAMP is OPA452 which can deal with the supply voltages upto +/-40V. We will supply +/-30V. The noninerting amp has the gain of +2.

- It uses a 15V zener diode to produce -15V reference voltage from -30V. This results the output voltage swing from -5V to +35V.
The actual maximum output is +30V because of the supply voltage.

- On the circut test bench, I have applied +/-5V sinusoidal to the input and successfully obtained +5V to +25V swing.

- The board will be put on Ben's board today.

ELOG V3.1.3-