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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  7811   Tue Dec 11 19:51:36 2012 KojiUpdatePSLPMC gain was too low / EPICS alerting value for PMC updated

[Ayaka, Koji]

Ayaka pointed out that the PMC has too low unity gain frequency. We checked the history of "C1:PSL-PMC_GAIN"
and found that the gain was minimum from the Friday night. It was returned to nominal gain of 10.

The PMC screen had the gain status indicator always red. This was because C1:PSL-STAT_PMC_NOM_GAIN was 2 instead of 10.
This was fixed by the following command.

ezcawrite C1:PSL-STAT_PMC_NOM_GAIN 10

This will be recorded by the snapshot in an hour.

Another annoying false alerm on the PMC screen was the PMC transmission monitor.
In order to fix this, the following commands were executed.


Also the corresponding EPICS database (/cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl/psl.db) has been updated accordingly.

  7827   Fri Dec 14 02:52:32 2012 KojiUpdateSUSTT angle of incidence

At least, we don't want to use Al-coated mirrors. We should use multilayer dielectric mirrors.

  7845   Mon Dec 17 22:42:27 2012 KojiSummaryGeneralThe projector lamp ended its life?

i just heard a rather large exploding sound in the control room.
I tried to locate the source and found the projector is not illuminating the wall anymore.
There is a slight smell of burning, but nothing is smoking.

Probably the lamp ended its life.

Rana and I just talked about the projector life time an hour ago! It must have been hearing!

  7847   Tue Dec 18 00:45:19 2012 KojiSummaryGeneralThe projector lamp ended its life?

...Nah. The projector is pretty new (t<1yr) and this is the first time to have the lamp busted after the installation last year in Jan.

We just should purchase two bulbs.

  7860   Wed Dec 19 21:35:33 2012 KojiSummaryGeneralFirst Contact Training with Margot

[Koji, Steve]

First Contact Training with Margot

  7871   Wed Jan 2 06:52:50 2013 KojiUpdateSUSTT in vac DB25 pin swapping

[Koji, Rana, Nic, Steve]

I recalled that we used an optical lever to check if the TT is moving or not.
We used a laser pointer on a tripod, which was prepared by Steve.

I should also note that we stepped back the eddy current dampers from the magnets
in order to enhance the motion of the suspension. They should be restored in the end.

The mini-D connectors on the OSEMs are loosened so that we can plug the cables in.
This requires a specific metric allen key
that is stored in a clean tool box with an aluminum foil.

  7885   Wed Jan 9 13:34:34 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralThe projector lamp ended its life?

[Koji, Manasa]

- A new projector lamp installed.

- The old lamp lasted 8751 "equivalent lamp hours".

- The old lamp was found being shattered inside. It contains mercury.
So next time you hear the explosion sound of the lamp, establish the ventilation of the room and escape for an hour.

  7894   Fri Jan 11 19:12:20 2013 KojiUpdateAlignmentTT2 connections

Was the connection between the feedthrough (atmosphere side) and the connector on the optical table confirmed to be OK?

We had a similar situation for the TT1. We found that we were using the wrong feedthrough connector (see TT1 elog).

  7908   Wed Jan 16 19:08:51 2013 KojiSummaryIOONoise budget for MC

I missed the point.
Do you mean that we can measure the coating thermal noise of the ref cav at the 40m as the IMC is quiet enough?

  7918   Fri Jan 18 12:08:08 2013 KojiUpdateLockingDust?



My question is, could a few scattering centers cause the behavior that we are seeing?


  7927   Tue Jan 22 19:51:52 2013 KojiUpdate Photodiode transimpedance

- The data should be plotted in a log-log scale.
- The data points were only taken in the high current region.

- The plot may suggest that the amplifier saturate at the RF.

PDA255 has the nomial transimpedance gain of 10^4 Ohm.
The DC current of 10^-3 gives the output of 10V.
This plot may tell that the saturation starts even at the 1/10 of the full DC range.

The plot doesn't have many points below 0.1mA.
Consult with my plots for the similar measurements.
The measured points are logarithmically spaced. Use the same technique.

- It is also very unknown that how the noise level is calculated. No info is supplied in the plot or the elogs.

  7932   Wed Jan 23 20:24:05 2013 KojiUpdateGeneralLaseroptik mirror - SN6

Got confused (even after I talked with Manasa).

The plot shows the number ~0.01 or less at 45deg. But the number is the text does not match with the plot.

Please use the logarithmic scale for the vertical axis.
And more points between 35 to 50 deg please (like ~1deg spacing)

Don't we have the data sheet from the coater? Can we request it?

  7941   Thu Jan 24 16:23:24 2013 KojiUpdateGeneralLaseroptik mirror - SN6

The mirror T is completely out of spec. We should find or request the data sheet of the mirror.

> We should consider buying a better rotation stage

I'm already on it

  7953   Tue Jan 29 14:20:02 2013 KojiUpdateGeneralFiner rotation stage for optics characterization

A rotation stage has been ordered.

Newport Rotation Stage, 360° Coarse, 5° Fine Rotation, Micrometer  Newport 481-A
Newport Solid Insert for RSP-1T Rotation Stage Newport RSA-1TI
Newport Universal Mounting Plate, 2.56 in. x 2.56 in. x 0.5 in., 1/4-20 Thread  Newport UP-1A

Specification: Newport 481-A

  • Sensitivity: 15 arcsec
  • Graduations: 1 deg
  • Vernier: 5 arcmin
  • Fine travel range: 5 deg
  • With Micrometer
  7960   Wed Jan 30 03:01:55 2013 KojiUpdateGeneralEarly work on Mirror Mounts

I can't believe that SR785 can have such a low input noise level (<1nV/rtHz). Review your calibration again.

It is also described in the manual that SR560 typically has the input noise level of 4nV/rtHz, although this number depends on which gain you use.

  7980   Thu Jan 31 23:48:45 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

Wow! What's happened?

As the video showed good quality of resonances, I stopped by at the 40m on the way back home.

I looked at the error signals and found that they indicate high finesse and clear resonance of the sidebands.
The lock was immediate once the gain is set to be -0.004 (previous 0.05ish). This implies the optical gain is ~10 times larger than the previous configration.
The alignment was not easy as POPDC was saturated at ~27000I leave this as a daytime job.

As I misaligned the PRM, I could see that the lock hopped into the next higher order. i.e .from TEM00 to TEM01, from TEM01 to TEM02, etc
This means that the modes are closely located each other, but sufficiently separated to sustain each mode.

I definitely certify that cavity scans will give us meaningful information about the cavity.

  7987   Fri Feb 1 23:12:42 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

During the scanning we were riddled by the fact the PDH error and the transmission peaks do not happen simultaneously.

After a little investigation, it was found that "LP100^2" filter is left on in the POPDC filter.

Moreover, it was also found that the whitening filter switches for the POPDC does not switch the analog counterpart.

These were the culprit why we never saw accidental hitting of the max transmission by the peaks when the cavity was not locked.


I know that the most of the whitening filter in the RF paths were checked before (by Keiko?), but the similar failure still exists in the POX path.
We should check for the whitening filters in the DC path as well and fix everything at once. I can offer assistance on the fixing part.

  7989   Sun Feb 3 13:20:02 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralHypothesis

Rana mentioned the possibility that the PR2 curvature makes the impact on the mode stability. Entry 7988
Here is the extended discussion.


The small but non-negligible curvatures of the TT mirrors made the recycling cavity unstable or nearly unstable.


If the RoC of the TT mirrors are -600 m (convex), the cavity would be barely stable.
If the RoC of the TT mirrors are less than -550m, the horizontal modes start to be unstable.
Assumption that all of the TT mirrors are concave should be confirmed.

Fact (I): Cavity stability

- The folded PRMI showed the mode stability issue. (L=6.78m from Jenne's entry 7973)
- The folded PRM-PR2-PR3-flat mirror cavity also showed the similar mode issue. (L=4.34m)
- The unfolded PRM-PR2 cavity demonstrated stable cavity modes. (L=1.91m)

Fact (II): Incident angle

- PRM 0deg
- PR2 1.5deg
- PR3 41deg

Fact (III): Mirror curvature

- RoC of PRM (PRMU02): +122.1m (measured, concave), or +115.6m (measured by the vendor)
- RoC of G&H mirrors: -600m ~ -700m (measured, I suppose the negative number means convex) (Jenne's entry 7851)
  [Note that there is no measurement of the phase map for the PR2 mirror itself.]
- RoC of LaserOptik mirrors: -625m ~ -750m (measured, I suppose that the measurement shows the mirrors are convex.) (Jan's entry 7627 and 7638)

Let's assume that the TT mirrors are always convex and have a single number for the curvature radius, say RTT

Cavity mode calculation with Zach's arbcav

1) The unfolded PRM-PR2 cavity:

The cavity becomes unstable when 0 > RTT > -122m  (This is obvious from the g-factor calculation)
==> The measured RoC of the TT mirrors predicts the cavity is stable. (g=0.98, Transverse Mode Spacing 3.54MHz)

2) The folded PRM-PR2-PR3-flat mirror cavity:

The cavity becomes unstable when RTT < -550 m
==> The measured RoC of the TT mirrors (RTT ~ -600m) predicts the cavity is barely stable (g=0.997, TMS ~600kHz).

- The instability occurs much faster than the unfolded case.
- The horizontal mode hits unstable condition faster than the vertical mode.
- The astigmatism mainly comes from PR3.

3) The folded PRMI:

The cavity becomes unstable when RTT < -550 m
==> The measured RoC of the TT mirrors (RTT ~ -600m) predicts the cavity is barely stable. (g=0.995, TMS ~500kHz)

- The instability occurs with almost same condition as the case 2)

The calculation result for the PRMI with RTT of -600 m. The code was also attached.


Q. What is the difference between unfolded and folded?
A. For the unfolded case, the PR2 reflect the beam only once in a round-trip.
For the folded case, each TT mirror reflects the beam twice. Therefore the lens power by the mirror is doubled.

Q. Why the astigmatism mainly comes from PR3?
A. As the angle of incidence is much bigger than the others (41deg).

Q. Why the horizontal mode is more unstable than the vertical mode?
A. Off-axis reflection of a spherical mirror induces astigmatism. The effective curvature of the mirror in
the horizontal direction
is R / Cos(theta) (i.e. longer), while it is R Cos(theta) (i.e. shorter). Indeed, the vertical and horizontal ROCs are factor of 2 different
for the 45deg incidence.

Q. Why the stability criteria for the case 2) and 3) similar?
A. Probably, once the effective curvature of the PRM-PR2-PR3 becomes
negative when RTT < -550 m.

Q. You said the case 2 and 3 are barely stable. If the TMS is enough distant form the carrier, do we expect no problem?
A. Not really. As the cavity get close to the instability, the mode starts to be inflated and get highly astigmatic.
For the case 2), the waist radii are 5.0mm and 3.7mm for the horzontal and vertical, respectively.
For the case 3), they are 5.6mm and 4.1mm for the horzontal and vertical, respectively.
(Note: Nominally the waist radius is 3.1mm)

Q. What do you predict for the stability of the PRM-PR2-Flat_Mirror cavity?
A. It will be stable. The cavity is stable until
RTT becomes smaller than -240 m.

Q. If the TT mirrors are concave, will the cavity stable?
A. Yes. Particularly if PR3 is concave.

Q. Rana mentioned the possibility that the mirrors are deformed by too tight mounting of the mirror in a ring.
Does it impact the stability of the cavity?

A. Possible. If the curvature is marginal and the mounting emphasizes the curvature, it may meet the unstable condition.

Q. How can we avoid this instability issue?
1. Use flatter mirrors or at least concave mirrors.

2. Smaller incident angle to avoid emphasis of the RoC in the horizontal direction
3. Use weaker squishing force for mounting of the mirrors
4. Flip the PR3 mirror in the mounting ring by accepting the compromise that the AR surface is in the cavity.

  7991   Mon Feb 4 11:10:59 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralrough analysis of aligned PRM-PR2 mode scan

The expected finesse is 100ish. How much can we beleive the measured number of 50?
From the number we need to assume PR2 has ~93% reflectivity.
This does not agree with my feeling that the cavity is overcoupled.
Another way is to reduce the reflectivity of the PRM but that is also unlikely from the data sheet.

The scan passed the peak in 4ms according to the fitting.
How do the analog and digital antialiasing filters affect this number?

  7992   Mon Feb 4 15:06:56 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralHypothesis


Q. How can we avoid this instability issue?
1. Use flatter mirrors or at least concave mirrors.

2. Smaller incident angle to avoid emphasis of the RoC in the horizontal direction
3. Use weaker squishing force for mounting of the mirrors
4. Flip the PR3 mirror in the mounting ring by accepting the compromise that the AR surface is in the cavity.

 Another possibility is to use a ring heater to correct the curvature. I talked a bit with Aidan about this.

  7998   Tue Feb 5 03:16:51 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralrough analysis of aligned PRM-PR2 mode scan

0.764 and 0.751 do not give us the stdev of 0.005.

I have never seen any Yokogawa in vicinity.


 Measured FWHM was 0.764 MHz and 0.751 MHz. By taking the average, FWHM = 0.757 +/- 0.005 MHz.
 This gives you Finesse = 104 +/- 1, which is OK compared with the expectation.

What I need
 I need better oscilloscope so that we can take longer data (~1 sec) with higher resolution (~0.004 V/count, ~50kHz).
 TDS 3034B can take data only for 10 ksamples, one channel by one!  I prefer Yokogawa DL750 or later.


  8002   Tue Feb 5 11:30:19 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralrough analysis of aligned PRM-PR2 mode scan

Makes sense. I mixed up n and n-1

Probability function: X = (x1 + x2 + ... + xn)/n, where xi = xavg +/- dx

Xavg = xavg*n/n = xavg

dXavg^2 = n*dx^2/n^2
=> dXavg = dx/sqrt(n)

Xavg +/- dXavg = xavg +/- dx/sqrt(n)

  8025   Thu Feb 7 17:10:11 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralPRC/arm mode matching calculations


I left out the current situation (PR2/3 with -600 RoC) and the case where only PR3 is flipped, since those are both unstable according to a la mode.

This surprises me. I am curious to know the reason why we can't make the cavity stable by flipping the PR3 as PR3 was supposed to have more lensing effect than PR2 according to my statement.

  8031   Fri Feb 8 02:38:04 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRMI work

I feel it's too hasty to use the PRMI.
I support the idea of the half-PRC test, to make an apple-to-apple comparison.

Make haste slowly.

  8042   Fri Feb 8 19:39:02 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRMI work

It seems that the cavity trans looks much better than before. Cool.

At least the optical gain is ~x5 of the previous value. This means what we did was something good.

Looking forward to seeing the further analysis of the caivty...

  8044   Fri Feb 8 20:27:56 2013 KojiUpdateRF SystemMC REFL Photodiode transimpedance

The comment itself was added by me.
The difference between the previous and new measurements should be described by Riju.

In the entry 7984, the description has several PDs mixed up. The measurement was done with the MCREFL PD.
But the DC transimpedance of the thorlabs PD (5e3) was used, according to the text.
I first wonder if this is only a mistake not in the calculation but only in the elog due to a sloppy copy-and-paste.
But the resulting shot-noise-intercept current was 50uA, which is way too small
compared with a realistic value of 0.1~1mA. I have never seen such a good value with
C30642 at the resonant freq ~30MHz. That's why I said "hard to believe". I guessed this wrong
DC transimpedance was actually used for the calculation. 

You may wonder why this 50uA is unreasonable number.
Basically this is just my feeling and probably is same as Rana's feeling.
But "my feeling" can't be a scientific explanation. Here is some estimation.

Looking at my note in 2010:
https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/40m_Library (Comparisons of the PD circuits by KA)

The expected shot noise intercept current (idc) is

idc = 2 kB T / (e Rres),

where Rres is the impedance of the resonant circuit at the resonant freq.

This Rres is expressed as

Rres = 1/(4 pi^2 fres^2 Cd^2 Rs),

where Cd and Rs are the capacitance and series resistance of the diode.

If we input realistic numbers,

Cd = 100pF
Rs = 10 Ohm
fres = 30MHz

We obtain, Rres ~ 300Ohm, and idc = 0.2mA

In other words, Rs needs to be 2~3Ohm in order to have idc = 50uA.
This is too small from the previous measurements.
Test Results for C30642 LSC Diode Elements by Rich Abbott

  8046   Fri Feb 8 22:49:31 2013 KojiUpdateOpticsG&H - AR Reflectivity

How about to measure the AR reflectivity at larger (but small) angles the extrapolate the function to smaller angle,
or estimate an upper limit?

The spot separation is

D = 2 d Tan(\phi) Cos(\theta), where \phi = ArcSin(Sin(\theta) * n)

D = 2 d Tan(\phi) Cos(\theta), where \phi = ArcSin(Sin(\theta) / n)         (<== correction by Manasa's entry)

\theta is the angle of incidence. For a small \theta, D is propotional to \theta.

So If you double the incident angle, the beam separation will be doubled,
while the reflectivity is an even function of the incident angle (i.e. the lowest order is quadratic).

I am not sure until how much larger angle you can use the quadratic function rather than a quartic function.
But thinking about the difficulty you have, it might be worth to try.

  8050   Sat Feb 9 11:25:35 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPR2-flipped half-PRC mode scan

Don't  Shouldn't you apply a small misalignment to the input beam? Isn't that why the peak for the 1st-order is such small?


 1. Aligned half-PRC using input TT1 and TT2 by maximizing POP DC during lock. It was not so easy because POP DC fluctuates much at ~ 3 Hz with amplitude of ~ 30 % of the maximum value because of the beam motion (movie on  elog #8039).

 2. Unlocked half-PRC and took POP DC and PRC error signal data;

> /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/general/getdata -d 1 -o /users/yuta/scripts/PRCmodescan C1:LSC-POPDC_OUT C1:LSC-REFL11_I_ERR

  Ran again and again until I get sufficiently linear swing through upper/lower sidebands.


  8060   Mon Feb 11 17:54:02 2013 KojiSummaryOpticsCurvature radii of the G&H/LaserOptik mirrors

I, by chance, found  that my windows partition has Vision32 installed.
So I run my usual curvature characterization for the TT phasemaps.

They are found under this link
https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:30889/40m_phasemap/40m_TT/(requires: LVC credentials)

asc/ (ascii files) --> .asc files are saved in Wyko ascii format.
bmp/ (screen shots of Vision32)
mat/ (Matlab scripts and results)
opd/ (Raw binary files)

Estimated radius of curvature

Mirror / RoC from Vision32 / RoC from KA's matlab code
G&H "A" 0864 / -527.5 m / -505.2 m
G&H "B" 0884 / -710.2 m / -683.6 m
LaserOptik SN1 / -688.0 m / -652.7 m
LaserOptik SN2 / -605.2 m / -572.6 m
LaserOptik SN3 / -656.7 m / -635.0 m
LaserOptik SN4 / -607.5 m / -574.6 m
LaserOptik SN5 / -624.8 m / -594.3 m
LaserOptik SN6 / -658.5 m / -630.2 m

The aperture for the RoC in Vision32 seems a bit larger than the one I have used in the code (10mm in dia.)
This could be the cause of the systematic difference of the RoCs between these, as most of our mirrors
has weaker convex curvature for larger aperture, as seen in the figure. (i.e. outer area is more concave
after the subtration of the curvature)

I did not see any structure like Newton's ring which was observed from the data converted with SXMimage. Why???

  8079   Wed Feb 13 19:30:45 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralpossible explanations to oval REFL beam

>> "What has changed since:"

Recently the REFL path has been rearranged after I touched it just before Thanksgiving.
(This entry)

If the lenses on the optical table is way too much tilted, this astigmatism happens.
This is frequently observed as you can find it on the POP path right now.

Also the beam could be off-centered on the lens.

I am not sure the astigmatism is added on the in-air table, but just in case
you should check the table before you put much effort to the in-vacuum work.

  8089   Fri Feb 15 16:09:19 2013 KojiUpdateGeneralbeam traps ready to be installed

For the hexagonal one, insert one of the glass plate only half. Use a 1"x.5" piece if exists.

For the diamond one, you don't need the forth glass piece.


  8100   Mon Feb 18 21:43:05 2013 KojiUpdateAlignmentPOP path set up but AS55 is broken

I undertook the investigation of the AS55 PD. I found the PD is not broken.

I tested the PD on the PD test bench and it works just fine.

I attatched the characterization result as there has been no detailed investigation of this PD as far as I remember.

The transimpedance gain at 55MHz is 420Ohm, and the shotnoise intercept current is 4.3mA.

  8104   Tue Feb 19 05:42:28 2013 KojiUpdateElectronicsPOP path set up but AS55 is broken

10010 Ohm for POP55 vs 50 Ohm for AS55 (cf. http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/4763)

I wonder if you used an LED flash light, which emits no IR.

  8106   Tue Feb 19 08:42:31 2013 KojiUpdateVACETMX door open

[Steve, Yuta, Koji]

The ETMX heavy door was removed.

  8134   Thu Feb 21 21:12:42 2013 KojiUpdateVACpumpdown at 230 Torr

[Rana, Yuta, Koji]

21:05 at the pressure of 10torr
V3 closed. RV1 manually closed. RPs were turned off. And the bellows between RV1 and the rughing pumps are disconnected.

  8144   Sat Feb 23 14:04:07 2013 KojiUpdateComputersapache retarted (Re: linux1 dead, then undead)

apache has been restarted.
How to: search "apache" on the 40m wiki


I had to reboot nodus to get it recovered


  8156   Mon Feb 25 13:01:39 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralQuick, compact, and independent tasks

- IMC PDH demodulation phase adjustment

- Permanent setup for green transmission DC PDs  on the PSL table

  8166   Tue Feb 26 02:04:51 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRMI locked

One of the biggest issues we had was that any Q signals (i.e. the quadrature where PRCL is absent.) of REFL11/33/55/(165) haven't been consistent each other.
i.e. We never had reliable lock of MICH with REFL_any_Q, regardless of the resonant condition. This is definitely one of the things to be tried in order to prepare for the full lock.

We don't trust any demodulation phases of any PDs any more as the previous PRC mode (or say, absence of the stable mode) was unreasonable to determine any of the demodulation phases.

I remember that the POP DC saturates at 27000. You may need to reduce the gain switch again.

The AS OSA and/or POP BBPD would be useful for the sideband PR gain estimation.

  8187   Wed Feb 27 18:01:46 2013 KojiUpdate Photodiode transimpedance

How much is the exact resonant frequency?

And what's the unit of the plot? The resonant "transimpedance" in the unit of Ohm can not be ~100.

  8198   Thu Feb 28 03:41:31 2013 KojiUpdateLSCPR gain ~ 25 from PRMI carrier lock

This is how the carrier lock PRMI should look like.

- There is more room to improve the differential ITM alignment to make the dark port more dark, then you will gain more PRG

- The AS spot is definitely clipped.

  8239   Wed Mar 6 09:44:29 2013 KojiUpdateLSCPRMI locking for g-factor measurement

- What about normalizing POPDC to indicate the carrier recycling gain?

- When you align the PMC, confirm FSS SLOW DC is around zero. Some region of the slow thermal actuation makes the laser source emit at multiple frequencies. In the case, the cavity visibility get worse.

- Do you guys think we can determine if the TT is longitudinally quiet enough? Is there any comparison between the simple Michelson and the PRC motion in m/rtHz?

  8247   Wed Mar 6 22:11:19 2013 KojiUpdateElectronicsPOX whitening was fine all along

At the time you, den and I worked together, we could not lock the X-arm on TEM00 with the FM1s of the POX11 on.
We could lock the arm only on the higher order mode but he gain was low. Once we turned off the FM1s, we immediately
locked the cavity on TEM00.

Don't you have the direct measurement of the TF with FM1 on and off?

  8251   Thu Mar 7 16:55:28 2013 KojiUpdateLockingErudite discussion on PRMI locking

PRMI for the sidebands may have different situation. Investigate our wiki to find our the simulation result.

Also I'm not confident how much is the modulation depth at 55MHz is.

  8264   Sat Mar 9 19:29:27 2013 KojiUpdatePSLModulation depth

Last night I measured the modulation depth of the MC incident beam.


The beam is taken from one of the  PO beam at the wedge plate before the IMC.
After removing the knife edge to dump this beam, the beam is sent to the west side
of the PSL table and put into the OSA cavity.
[The beam dump was returned after the measurement.]

I had some confusion and after all I use the OSA labeled as AS OSA rather than the one on the PSL table.
[The AS OSA was returned to the AP table.]

The transmission was detected by PDA255 and filtered by ITHACO 1201 preamp with G=10, no HPF, 30kHz LPF.
It was confirmed that the peak amplitudes are not reduced by the LPF filter. The resulting time series
was recorded by an oscilloscope.

Three measurements have been taken. The 11MHz peaks are offset by the carrier peak. They appropriately
removed. The ratio of the sideband and carrier peaks is converted to the modulation depth using the following formula.

P_sb / P_ca = [J1(m)/J0(m)]^2


The modulation depth for the 11MHz: 0.190 +/- 0.003

The modulation depth for the 55MHz: 0.2564 +/- 0.0003

The three scans showed very similar numbers. That's why the statistical error is such small.
I don't think the systematic error is not such good.

This number is much different form the previous meaurement by Mirko.

http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/5519 m=0.14 (11MHz) & 0.17 (55MHz)
but the measured voltages and the modulatio depths are inconsistent.

http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/5462 m=0.17 (11MHz) & 0.19 (55MHz)

Probably the modulation depths should be checked by the IMC again.
However, it is certain that the 55MHz modulation exists, and even larger than the 11MHz one.

The next is to confirm that the modulation frequency is matched with the IMC FSR.
It is to make sure that the modulation is transmitted to the main IFO without attenuation.

  8265   Sun Mar 10 13:29:29 2013 KojiHowToIOOHow to calculate the accumulated round-trip Gouy phase

How to calculate the accumulated round-trip Gouy phase (and namely the transverse mode spacing) of a general cavity
only from the round-trip ABCD matrix


  8301   Fri Mar 15 15:26:13 2013 KojiUpdateGreen LockingYarm ALS laser is funny / dying

I took a look at the laser. It is probably the LD TEC (DTEC) failure.
As the temperature of the LD (DTMP) gradually deviated from 25degCish,
the DTEC voltage also went up from 2Vish to 2.1, 2.2... 

When DTEC reaches 3V, it stopped lasing. This cools the diode a bit, and
it start lasing but repeat the above process.

I am not sure which of the head and controller has the issue.

The situation did not improve much by reducing the pumping current (ADJ: -15).

BTW, Turning on/off the noise eater did not change the situation.

I think the head/controller set should be sent out to JDSU and find how they will say.

  8306   Mon Mar 18 13:10:19 2013 KojiBureaucracyAuxiliary lockingYend table upgrade - go fetch NPRO from ATF

1) Annalisa is going to start  working on mode profiling and beat note search for the old MOPA NPRO.

2) In the meantime, Manasa is working on the end table items. This will be reviewed by KA in the afternoon.

The laser at ATF is moved to the 40m when the status of 1) and 2) is determined by KA to be reasonable.

We also make the beat note measurement for the ATF laser too.

  8323   Thu Mar 21 10:19:28 2013 KojiUpdateLockingFinding the beat note

Give us more info on the elog:
What PD are you using? How much power the beams on the recombining BS are? What kind of BS is it?
How are you looking for the beat note? (on the scope? or spectrum analyzer?)
What was the scanned temp range?

Three points to be checked:

- Polarization

- Alignment

- Temperature

  8332   Fri Mar 22 19:46:29 2013 KojiSummaryLSCDiode impedance test result

I've tested Perkin-Elmer InGaAs PDs at OMC Lab.

- The diode impedances were measured with the impedance measurement kit. Reverse bias of 5V was used.

- Diode characteristics were measured between 10MHz and 100MHz.

- 4-digit numbers are SN marked on the can

- Ls and Rs are the series inductance and resistance

- Cd is the junction capacitance.

- i.e. Series LCR circuit o--[Cd]--[Ls]--[Rs]--o

C30665GH, Ls ~ 1nH

0782 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.3Ohm, Cd=219.9pF
1139 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=9.9Ohm, Cd=214.3pF
0793 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.5Ohm, Cd=212.8pF

C30642G, Ls ~ 12nH

2484 EG&G, Rs=12.0Ohm, Cd=99.1pF
2487 EG&G, Rs=14.2Ohm, Cd=109.1pF
2475 EG&G glass crack, Rs=13.5Ohm, Cd=91.6pF
6367 ?, Rs=9.99Ohm, Cd=134.7pF
1559 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.37Ohm, Cd=94.5pF
1564 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=7.73Ohm, Cd=94.5pF
1565 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.22Ohm, Cd=95.6pF
1566 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.25Ohm, Cd=94.9pF
1568 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=7.83Ohm, Cd=94.9pF
1575 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.32Ohm, Cd=100.5pF

C30641GH, Perkin Elmer, Ls ~ 12nH

8983 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.19Ohm, Cd=25.8pF
8984 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.39Ohm, Cd=25.7pF
8985 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.60Ohm, Cd=25.2pF
8996 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.02Ohm, Cd=25.7pF
8997 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.35Ohm, Cd=25.8pF
8998 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=7.89Ohm, Cd=25.5pF
9000 Perkin-Elmer, Rs=8.17Ohm, Cd=25.7pF


Note:  Calculated Ls&Rs of straight wires
  1mm Au wire with dia. 10um -> 1nH, 0.3 Ohm
20mm BeCu wire with dia. 460um -> 18nH, 0.01 Ohm

  8349   Tue Mar 26 01:40:49 2013 KojiUpdateIOOTuning MC length/FSR

I'm still waiting for the follow-up analysis of the modulation freq tuning.

ELOG V3.1.3-