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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  8477   Tue Apr 23 16:17:45 2013 DenUpdatePEMseismometer isolation kit in place

Quote:

 

 The carpenter shop finished the installation of the 3 granite bases.Rapid Set Cement All high strength non-shrink grout was used.

 Compressive strength  3000 PSI at 1 hour and 9000 PSI at day 28 The janitor is still cleaning up after them at the south end.

The  soft silicon gas kits are working well with the SS can.  Den is making  the adaptor plate drawing for the feedthrough.

 To put everything in one place I add a final drawing of the base to this elog.

 Next time we continue with wiring and putting temperature and pressure sensors inside the box. Connector support plate drawing is attached. We'll have sensors inside the kit with STS-2 or Trillium as their connector is small enough (19 pin vs 26 pin for Guralps) that we can put an additional 4 pin lemo connecor (2 pins for each sensor). I think EGG.0B.304.CLL is good for this application. Temperature and pressure sensor we can by from omega.

Attachment 1: Base.pdf.pdf
Base.pdf.pdf
Attachment 2: ConnectorPlate.pdf
ConnectorPlate.pdf
  9300   Sun Oct 27 19:19:42 2013 DenUpdatePEMSeismometer status

Quote:

 

Is there anything else that I'm forgetting??  Please reply with thoughts.

 

 I attach the drawings for Guralp and T-240/STS-2 connector plates. Drawings contain all information about the screws, O-rings and connectors.

Basically, box mounting receptacle for seismometer cable is attached to the connector plate with 6-32 screws. Inside cable should be ~ 1m long and connect the plate with seismometer.

For T-240 realization we have an additional LEMO connector for temperature and pressure monitoring inside the station. We should buy sensors and plug them into some machine with slow controls.

LEMO connector has 9 pins. 4 will be used for temperature and pressure sensors and spare 5 can be used for future ideas.

Also I think it might be better to put two T-240 into isolation stations.

TrilliumPlate.PDF

GuralpPlate-1_final.pdf

 

  9456   Thu Dec 12 00:47:45 2013 DenUpdateLSClocking activity

Jenne, Den

Today we worked on PRM angular servos and Y-arm ALS stabilization.

In the current PRMI angular control configuration two servos simultaneously drive PRM - oplev and POP ASC. We considered 2 ways to redesign this topology:

  • once lock is acquired, turn on POP ASC servo that corrects oplev error signal
  • turn off PRM oplev and turn on POP ASC  servo

The first option requires model rewiring so we started from the second one. We had to redesign POP ASC pitch and yaw servos for this because PRM TF has changed. Attached is servo OLTF.

This method worked out well and once PRMI is locked we turned off oplev servo with ramp of 0.5 sec and enable ASC POP servo with ramp of 1 sec.

Once PRMI was locked and ASC running we have turned off PRM angular local damping that presumably prevents us from bringing arms into resonance due to IR coupling to shadow sensors.

PRMI was stable using only ASC POP servo and we moved on to ALS. We found Y-arm beatnote and enabled control to ETMY.

Cavity was stabilized but not robust - we were loosing IR in a minute because green relocked to 01 mode with transmission equal to more than half of 00 mode. This is probably due to angle to length coupling of ETMY.

We were also loosing IMC during cavity stabilization. We made MCL servo and will tune it tomorrow looking at the arm spectrum as an OOL sensor.

Attachment 1: POP_ASC.pdf
POP_ASC.pdf
  9465   Fri Dec 13 13:28:07 2013 DenUpdateLSCarm calibration template

I have calibrated ETMX and ETMY actuators and added a template armSpectra.xml into /users/Templates directory.

Template shows control and error signals of both arms. Procedure is standard: calibrate control to meters and match error based on UGF measurement. XARM UGF: 200 Hz, YARM UGF 210 Hz.

Noise level at high frequencies (>100 Hz) for YARM is 3*10-15 and is factor of 3 better then for XARM. Servo gains are in the same ratio. I think there is less light on POX than on POY RF PD because I checked phase rotation and analog gain. I assume transimpedances are the same.

Attachment 1: armsCal.pdf
armsCal.pdf
  9468   Fri Dec 13 18:03:00 2013 DenUpdateIOOcommon mode servo

Quote:

Well, let's see how the CM servo can handle this.
The key point here is that we have enough data to start the design of the CM servo.

 It seems to me that current design of the common mode servo is already fine. Attached plots show common mode open and closed loop transfer function.

Frequency response of the servo is taken from the document D040180. I assumed coupled cavity pole to be ~100 Hz.

The only question is if our EOM has enough range. Boost 2 increases noise injection by 10 dB in the frequency range 20-50 kHz. Boost 3 has even higher factor.

Attachment 1: CM_OL.pdf
CM_OL.pdf
Attachment 2: CM_CL.pdf
CM_CL.pdf
  9469   Fri Dec 13 19:33:56 2013 DenUpdateASCETM X,Y QPDs

I have modified/compiled/installed/restarted c1scx and c1scy models to include arm transmission QPDs in angular controls.

For initial test I have wired normalized QPD pitch and yaw outputs to ASC input of ETMs. This was done to keep the signals inside the model.

QPD signals are summed with ASS dither lines and control. So do not forget to turn off QPD output before turning on dither alignment.

Medm screens were made and put to medm/c1sc{x,y}/master directory. Access from sitemap is QPDs -> ETM{ X,Y} QPD

  9471   Sat Dec 14 02:51:47 2013 DenUpdateLSClocking activity

I had a look on x,y arms stabilization using ALS. Input green beam was misaligned and I was loosing 00 every few minutes. I vent on the floor and realigned green beams.

YARM alignemt was smooth - transmission increased from 0.4 to 0.85 with PSL shutter off.

XARM was tough. Steering mirrors did not have any derivatives when transmission power was 0.5. I walked the beam with piezos but got only 0.55. It seems that the input beam is mismatched to the cavity. When the transmission was 1 last time? Does anyone have a model of the xend table to compute mode matching?

Input green alignent was improved and I could keep arms stabilized for periods of ~30min - 1 hour. Still not forever.

I noticed that ALS_XARM and ALS_YARM servos have limiters of 6000 and control signal had high frequency components that were not rolled off as shown on the plot "ETMY_DRIVE". I have added a low pass filter that reduced RMS by factor of 5 and took 7 degrees of phase at UGF=150 Hz. Now margin is 33 degrees.

Then I excited ETMY longitudinally at 100 Hz and measured first and second harmonics of the YARM RIN. I got total DC offset of 0.3 nm. This means significant length coupling to RIN. First of all, "scan arm" script does not tune the offset very precise. I guess it looks at DC power, checks when cavity passes through symmetrical points of the resonance and takes the average. It is also useful to look at POX/POY and confirm that average is 0. Plot "ALS_RIN" shows comparison of YARM power fluctuations when it is locked using IR and stabilized using ALS. By manually correcting the offset I could reduce length coupling into RIN, coherence was ~0.1.

Cavity RMS motion also couples length to RIN. Plot "ALS_IR" shows YARM error signal. I also looked at POY signal (LSC-YARM_IN1) as an OOL sensor. At low frequencies POY sees only IMC length fluctuations converted to frequency. I have engaged MCL path and ALS error and LSC error signals overlaped. Cavity RMS motion is measured to be 200 pm.

Attachment 1: ETMY_DRIVE.pdf
ETMY_DRIVE.pdf
Attachment 2: ALS_RIN.pdf
ALS_RIN.pdf
Attachment 3: ALS_IR.pdf
ALS_IR.pdf
  9473   Sat Dec 14 13:46:54 2013 DenUpdateIOOlow bandwidth MCL loop

Last time we designed MCL loop with UGF ~ 30 Hz and I think, it was hard to lock the arm because of large frequency noise injected to IFO.

This time I made a low bandwidth MCL loop with UGF=8 Hz. MCL error RMS is suppressed by factor of 10 and arms lock fine.

Attached plots show MCL OL, MCL error suppression and frequency noise injection to arms.

It is interesting that spectrum of arms increases below 1 Hz meaning that IMC sensing noise dominates in this range.

I did not include the loop into the IMC autolocker. I think it is necessary to turn it on only during day time activity and when beatnote is moving too much during arm stabilization.

Attachment 1: MCL_OL.pdf
MCL_OL.pdf
Attachment 2: MCL_ERR.pdf
MCL_ERR.pdf
Attachment 3: MCL_ARMS.pdf
MCL_ARMS.pdf
Attachment 4: MCL_MEDM.png
MCL_MEDM.png
  9474   Sat Dec 14 14:21:46 2013 DenUpdateLSCcommon mode servo

Quote:

 

 These seem like pretty terrible loop shapes. Can you give us a plot with the breakdown of several of the TFs and some .m file?

Attached is matlab code that I used

 % IMC OL
G = zpk(-2*pi*8964, 2*pi*[-10; -10; -10; -1000; -274000], db2mag(242.5)) * ...
    tf([1 0.8*1.55e+05 3.1806e+10], 1);

% CARM PATH
CARM = G/(1+G);

% Common mode boosts
BOOST = zpk(-2*pi*4000, -2*pi*40, 1);
BOOST1 = zpk(-2*pi*20000, -2*pi*1000, 1);
BOOST2 = zpk(-2*pi*20000, -2*pi*1000, 1);
BOOST3 = zpk(-2*pi*4500, -2*pi*300, 1);

% Coupled cavity pole
CCPole = zpk([], -2*pi*100, 2*pi*100);

% Servo gain
Gain = db2mag(43);

% CARM OL with boosts
H = CARM * CCPole * BOOST * Gain;
H1 = H * BOOST1;
H2 = H1 * BOOST2;
H3 = H2 * BOOST3;

% Plot
% bode(H, H1, H2, H3, 2*pi*logspace(3, 5, 10000));
% bode(1/(1+H), 1/(1+H1), 1/(1+H2), 1/(1+H3), 2*pi*logspace(3, 5, 10000));

  9475   Sun Dec 15 03:13:15 2013 DenUpdateLSCattempt to reduce carm offset

X,Y arms were stabilized using ALS and moved 5 nm from the resonance, PRMI was locked on sideband using REFL165 I&Q. POP angular servo was running; PRMI RIN was good (~2-3%)

During slow offset reduction I was sweeping MICH, PRCL and POP servos for instabilities due to possible optical gain variations, loops were fine.

I could reduce offset down to ~200 pm and then lost lock due to 60 Hz oscillations as shown on the attached plot "arm_offset"

Arms were stabilized with RMS comparable to the offset and power in arms was fluctuating from 3 to 45.

60 Hz line most probably comes from MICH. RMS is dominated by the power lines and is ~ 1 nm as seen on the plot "PRMI_CAL". I think this is too much but we need to do simulations.

Attachment 1: ARM_OFFSET.pdf
ARM_OFFSET.pdf
Attachment 2: PRMI_CAL.pdf
PRMI_CAL.pdf
  9478   Mon Dec 16 02:20:49 2013 DenUpdateLSCMICH rms is improved

When PRMI is locked on REFL 165 I&Q signals MICH rms is dominated by the 60 Hz line and harmonics. It comes from demodulation board.

To increase SNR ZFL-100 LN amplifier (+23.5dB) was installed in LSC analog rack. MICH 60 Hz and harmonics are improved as shown on the plot "mich_err"

I have also added a few resg at low frequencies. MICH rms is not 3*10-10. In Optickle I simulated power dependence in PRC and ARMs on MICH motion. Plot is attached.

 I think we need to stabilize MICH even more, down to ~3*10-11 . We can think about increasing RF amplifier gain, modulation index and power on BB PD.

CARM offset reduction was a little better today due to improved MICH RMS. Power in arms increases up to 15 and than starts to oscillate up to 70 and then PRMI looses lock.

Tomorrow we need to discuss where to put RF amplifier. Current design has several drawbacks:

  • DC power for the amplifier is wired from a custom (not rack based) +15V power supply that was already inside the lsc rack and used for other ZFL-100LN
  • BNC cables are used because I could not find any long SMA cables
  • we would like gain of ~40 dB instead of 23.5 dB
Attachment 1: MICH_ERR.pdf
MICH_ERR.pdf
Attachment 2: DC_power.pdf
DC_power.pdf
Attachment 3: ARM_OFFSET.pdf
ARM_OFFSET.pdf
  9480   Tue Dec 17 02:10:29 2013 DenUpdateLSClocking activity

Koji, Den

Some results and conclusions from tonight:

PRC macroscopic length is detuned. We measured REFL phases in carrier and sideband configurations - they are different by ~45 degrees for both 11 and 55 MHz sidebands. Additional measurement with phase locked lasers is required.

We got stable lock of PRMI+2arms with CARM offset of ~200 pm. We think this is the point when we should transition to 1/sqrt(TR) signals. We plan to rewire LSC model and also test CM servo with 1 arm during the day.

POP ASC OL shape changes when we reduce CARM offset probably due to normalization by sum inside the PD. Servo gets almost useless when PRMI power fluctuates by a factor of few.

SMA cables were made and installed for the REFL165 RF amplifier in lsc rack.

  9485   Wed Dec 18 03:29:48 2013 DenUpdateLSCyarm locked on mc

As a CM slow path test I locked free swinging yarm by actuating on MC length with bandwidth of 200 Hz. Crossover with AO is not stable so far.

I used xarm as an ool frequency noise sensor. MC2 violin mode is at 645 Hz, I have added a notch filter to LSC-MC2 bank.

Attachment 1: MC_ARM.pdf
MC_ARM.pdf
  9492   Thu Dec 19 03:29:34 2013 DenUpdateLSCCM servo test using yarm is complete

Koji, Den

Procedure:

  • lock yarm on IR, wire POY to CM input
  • transition arm to CM length path by actuating on IMC
  • increase AO gain for a stable crossover
  • engage CM boosts

Result:

  • arm can be kept on resonance and even acquired on MC2
  • stable length / AO crossover is achieved
  • high bandwidth loop can not be engaged because POY signal is too noisy and EOM is running out of range

We spent some time tuning CM slow servo such that fast path would be stable in the AO gain range -32db -> 29dB (UGF=20kHz) when all boosts are turned off and common gain is 25dB. Current filters that we use for locking are not good enough - AO can not be engaged due to oscillations around 1kHz. This is clearly seen from slow path closed loop transfer function. I will attach servo shapes tomorrow.

Attached plot "EOM" shows EOM rms voltage while changing AO gain from -10dB to 4dB. For UGF of 20kHz we need AO gain of 29dB.

It seems we can start using CM servo for CARM offset but the sensor should be at least factor of 30 better than POY. Add another factor of 10 if we would like to use BOOST 2 and BOOST 3.

Attachment 1: EOM.png
EOM.png
  9499   Fri Dec 20 01:24:11 2013 DenUpdateLSChigh bandwidth loop achieved for yarm

Koji, Den

CM Servo with POY11 successfully engaged. UGF: ~15kHz.


Tonight we decided to repeat one arm locking using high-bandwidth CM servo. We low-passed AO signal to avoid saturations of the EOM. We tried different configurations that compromise between noise and loop phase margin and ended up with a pole at 30kHz. SR560 is used as a low-pass filter.

Another problem that we faced was big (~2.6V) electronic offset at the input of 40:4000 BOOST. Once engaged, cavity would be kicked out of lock. We calibrated this offset to be almost half linewidth of the cavity (~300pm). To avoid lock loss during engaging the boost we increased common mode gain to maximum (31 dB).

Measured OL is attached. UGF is 15kHz, phase margin is 60 degrees. We have also simulated evolution of loop shape during bringing AO path. Plot is attached.

The final procedure is

  • set common gain up to 31dB, AO gain to 8dB, MC IN2 gain 10dB, CM offset 0.7V
  • lock arm with CM slow path with bandwidth of 200 Hz
  • enable AO path, gradually increase slow and fast gains by 12 dB
  • enable boost
Attachment 1: CM_OL_meas.pdf
CM_OL_meas.pdf
Attachment 2: cm_ol_sim.pdf
cm_ol_sim.pdf
Attachment 3: CM_slow_fast_cross.pdf
CM_slow_fast_cross.pdf
  9606   Wed Feb 5 20:41:57 2014 DenUpdateLSCcalibrated spetra from OAF test

We did online adaptive filtering test with IMC and arms 1 year ago (log 7771). In the 40m presentations I can still see the plot with uncalibrated control spectra that was attached to that log. Now it the time to attach the calibrated one.

Template is in the /users/den/oaf

Attachment 1: oaf_cal.pdf
oaf_cal.pdf
  7659   Thu Nov 1 20:20:33 2012 Den, AyakaUpdateWienerFilteringacoustic noise in PMC

We've subtracted acoustic noise from PMC using 1 EM 172 microphone. We applied a 10 Hz high-pass filter to PMC length signal and 100,200,300:30,30 to whiten the signal.We used ~10 minutes of data at 2048 Hz as we did not see much coherence at higher frequencies.

We were able to subtract acoustic noise from PMC length in the frequency range 10-700 Hz. In the range 30-50 Hz error signal is less by a factor of 10 then target signal.

psd.pngcoh.png

  7716   Thu Nov 15 21:52:48 2012 Den, AyakaUpdateGreen Lockingyarm locked

We aligned and locked Y arm for green:

  • installed camera on PSL to monitor green transmission
  • aligned green path on the ETMY table to see the beam on the PSL camera
  • misaligned ETMY and aligned ITMY to see reflected beam on REFL PD
  • installed green transmission PD on PSL
  • aligned ETMY and locked YARM to 00 mode

I've switched error channel cable to output monitor. Whitening filter is need for scattering measurements.

   etmyf.png  yarm.png

  7720   Sat Nov 17 03:30:13 2012 Den, AyakaUpdateAlignmentred in arms

We aligned accurately 00 green in yarm, changed voltage on PZT2 to see red flashing at TRY at the normalized level 0.2-0.3. The plan was to lock yarm using POY11 and green from other side, maximize red TRY by adjusting PZT2. But POY11 does not go out of the vacuum, so we adjusted TRY by flashing. 2 DOFs of PZT2 is not enough to match 4 DOFs of red beam so we adjusted both PZT2 and cavity mirrors. TRY flashing is 0.5-0.6 and green is still locking to 00 though its transmission is not maximized. We'll fix it later by adjusting input green beam.

Next we wanted to get red beam on TRX PD. Beam steering was done by BS only. We misaligned BS in pitch and excited BS angle motion by 1000 counts. We could see red beam moving on the wall of ETMX chamber. We moved it to ETMX mirror frame, estimated position of the mirror center and moved BS to this position. The beam should be approximately in the middle. For now we can not see red beam on the camera at ETMX table, more work is needed.

  7772   Sat Dec 1 00:24:37 2012 Den, AyakaUpdateAlignmentBS chamber

Today at 11:13 AM the stack of invacuum BS table was kicked and IFO misaligned. We adjusted PZT2 voltage by ~20 V in yaw such that IPPOS was restored. Then we could lock arms.

push.png

  7798   Fri Dec 7 19:24:43 2012 Den, AyakaUpdateSUSoplevs as acoustic and seismic noise couplers at high frequencies

We've provided acoustic excitation using speakers on the AS table and saw that PSD of YARM feedback signal increased in the frequency range 50 - 100 Hz. Meanwhile, XARM feedback signal did not change. Moreover, YARM noise is much higher at these frequencies compared to XARM.

The problem was with YARM oplev servos. Both ITMY and ETMY produced noise to YARM length. ITMY oplev signal had a huge resonance at 55 Hz. We measured coherence with accelerometers, it was 0.8. It turned out that one of the mirror mounts was not fixed in the oplev path. When we fixed it, noise has gone.

Note: speakers were on AS table but mirror mounts could steel feel it on ITMY table.

IMG_0111.JPG         YARM.png

Then we had a look on ETMY table. We saw a mirror on suspiciously long mirror mount that was used in the ETMY oplev path. We slightly kicked long mount with a small screwdriver and YARM control signal went up with resonance at 100 Hz.

IMG_0112.JPG        ETMY_olreso_copy.png

  7761   Thu Nov 29 00:15:13 2012 Den, KojiUpdateIOOMC WFS work

Quote:

The instability started about 48hour ago, that means my work on the AP table did not 
made immediate trouble. But it does not mean anything.

For now, the WFS outputs are off. More work is needed to find what's wrong.

 

 The problem was caused by low reflectivity of the mirror that splits MC reflected beam into two: first goes to trash, second - to WFS. Power before the mirror was 100mW, reflected beam that goes to WFS was 0.3mW. Using dataviewer we learnt that the beam intensity was ~5 times more in the past.

This happened because the mirror position was adjusted a few days ago. Its reflection depends on the angle of incidence and amount of light to WFS was significantly reduced. We could either increase the angle of incidence or use two mirrors with high reflectivity instead of this with high transmission.

We've chosen the second variant not to confuse anyone in future with non-45 degrees angles. We are now using one mirror with reflectivity 98% to direct most power to the trash while other 2% are directed using the second mirror to WFS path. We now have 0.7 mW on WFS1 and 1.3 mW on WFS2.

Then we adjusted WFS 

  • blocked the beam and run scripts/MC/WFS/WFS_FilterBank_offsets to calculate offsets in the WFS servo
  • aligned MC and centered beams on WFS 1 and 2
  • provided excitation to MC1 at 5 Hz (400 counts) and adjusted I&Q phase rotation
  • adjusted the gain and changed it in MC autolocker (reduced from 0.25 to 0.15 as we now have more power of WFS as before)

We were able to close the loops. The phase margin is too low though, we need to improve feedback filters.

DSC_4942.JPG

Attachment 1: wfs_fb.pdf
wfs_fb.pdf wfs_fb.pdf wfs_fb.pdf wfs_fb.pdf wfs_fb.pdf wfs_fb.pdf
  6007   Fri Nov 25 18:45:31 2011 Den, RanaSummarySUSExcess Noise in Digital Filtering

We are now trying to understand why the coherence between SUS-X_SUSPOS_IN1 and SUS-X_SUSPOS_OUT is lost below 1 Hz for X = MC1, MC2, MC3, BS, ITMX, ITMY, ETMX, ETMY, SRM. It is OKEY only for PRM but the different filteres are used there. For PRM - 30:0.0 and Bounce Roll, for all others - 30:0.0 and Cheby. The transfer functions between these two signals plotted in foton and fft tools are also not the same.

If we switch off all the filters between these 2 signals, than the coherence is one. If one of the filters is switched on, everything is also fine. But if there are several present, than they filter the signal in unexpected way.

Moreover it seems that the coherence is dependent on the input signal. The coherence is better with local dumping than without.

Attachment 1: FiltNoise.png
FiltNoise.png
  13840   Mon May 14 08:55:40 2018 Dennis CoyneHowToSEIpreparation of load cell measurement at ETMX

follow up email from Dennis 5-13-2018. The last line agrees with the numbers in elog13821.

Hi Steve & Gautam,

I've made some measurements of the spare (damaged) 40m bellows. Unfortunately neither of our coordinate measurement arms are currently set up (and I couldn't find an appropriate micrometer or caliper), so I could not (yet) directly measure the thickness. However from the other dimensional measurements, and a measurement of the axial stiffness (100 lb/in), and calculations (from the Standards of the Expansion Joint Manufacturers Association (EJMA), 6th ed., 1993) I infer a thickness of 0.010 inch in . This is close to a value of 0.012 in used by MDC Vacuum for bellows of about this size.

I calculate that the maximum allowable torsional rotation is 1.3 mrad. This corresponds to a differential height, across the 32 in span between support points, of 0.041 in.

In addition using the EJMA formulas I find that one can laterally displace the bellows by 0.50 inch (assuming a simultaneous axial displacement of 0.25 inch, but no torsion), but no more than ~200 times. I might be good to stay well below this limit, say no more than ~0.25 inch (6 mm).

If interested I've uploaded my calculations as a file associated with the bellows drawing at D990577-A/v1.

BTW in some notes that I was given (by either Larry Jones or Alan Weinstein) related to the 40m Stacis units, I see a sketch from Steve dated 3/2000 faxed to TMC which indicates 1200 lbs on each of two Stacis units and 2400 on the third Stacis.

  12997   Wed May 17 18:08:45 2017 DhruvaUpdateOptical LeversBeam Profiling Setup

Andrew and I set up the razor blade beam profiling experiment for He-Ne lasers on the "SP" table.  Once I receive the laser safety training, I will make power measurements and fit it to an erfc curve from which I will calculate the gaussian profile of the beam. I'm attaching some pictures of the setup. 

Least count of the micrometer - 2 microns 

Laser  : Lumentum 22037130:1103P

Photodetector : Thor Labs PDA100A

Attachment 1: 1.jpg
1.jpg
Attachment 2: 2.jpg
2.jpg
Attachment 3: 3.jpg
3.jpg
Attachment 4: 4.jpg
4.jpg
Attachment 5: 5.jpg
5.jpg
  13002   Mon May 22 10:53:02 2017 DhruvaUpdateOptical LeversBeam Profiling Results

 

Quote:

Andrew and I set up the razor blade beam profiling experiment for He-Ne lasers on the "SP" table.  Once I receive the laser safety training, I will make power measurements and fit it to an erfc curve from which I will calculate the gaussian profile of the beam. I'm attaching some pictures of the setup. 

Least count of the micrometer - 2 microns 

Laser  : Lumentum 22037130:1103P

Photodetector : Thor Labs PDA100A

I had measured the y-profile of the beam of Friday at 5 axial locations and fit them to an erfc function using the lsqcurvefit function of MATLAB. 

The results were as follows - 

z(cm)    w (in)

4          0.0131

10        0.0132

15        0.0137

20       0.0139

25        0.0147

I left w in inches in the intensity plots as MATLAB gave more accurate fits for those values.

I converted these to S.I while making the spot-size vs z plot and the corresponding values in microns were 

332.74, 335.28, 347.98, 353.06, 373.38.

On fitting these values to the formula for the spot size of a Gaussian beam, the beam waist came out to be 330.54 microns and the location of the beam waist was at z=-2cm, where z=0 marks the head of the laser. 

 

TO-DO : Measure the spot size of the beam at more axial points to obtain a better fit. 

              Measure the x-profile of the beam. 

              Analyse the error in the spot sizes and corresponding error in the beam waist. 

 

 

Attachment 1: spot_size_.pdf
spot_size_.pdf
Attachment 2: z_25.pdf
z_25.pdf
Attachment 3: z_20.pdf
z_20.pdf
Attachment 4: z_15.pdf
z_15.pdf
Attachment 5: z_10.pdf
z_10.pdf
Attachment 6: z_4.pdf
z_4.pdf
  13006   Tue May 23 10:27:24 2017 DhruvaUpdateOptical LeversBeam Profiling Results

I have attempted to calculate the instrument error (micrometer least count) using the values of the spot size obtained by the least squares fitting method. This error is large towards the centre of the beam as the power varies significantly between adjecent markings of the micrometer. Using the new values of error obtained, I used the chi-square fitting minimisation method to further optimise the waist size. 

The modified values are - 

z(cm)    w (in)

4         0.0134

10        0.0135

15        0.0140

20        0.0142

25        0.0150

 

And the revised values for the beam waist and location are 338.63 microns and -2.65 cm respectively. 

I will now try to use the chi-square stastitic to estimate the error in spot size. 

Attachment 1: z_25_chisq.pdf
z_25_chisq.pdf
Attachment 2: z_20_chisq.pdf
z_20_chisq.pdf
Attachment 3: z_15_chisq.pdf
z_15_chisq.pdf
Attachment 4: z_10_chisq.pdf
z_10_chisq.pdf
Attachment 5: z_4_chisq.pdf
z_4_chisq.pdf
Attachment 6: spotsize.pdf
spotsize.pdf
  13021   Tue May 30 18:31:54 2017 DhruvaUpdateOptical LeversBeam Profiling Results

​Updates in the He-Ne beam profiling experiment. 

  1. I've made intensity profile plots at two more points on the z-axis. The additition of this plots hasn't affected the earlier obtained beam waist significantly. 
  2. I have added other sources of error, such as the statisitical fluctuations on the oscilloscope(which is small compared to the least count error of the micrometer) and the least count of the z-axis scale.
  3. I have also calculated the error in the parameters obtained by fiiting by calculating the covariance matrix using the jacobian returned by the lsqcurvefit function in MATLAB. 
  4. I have also added horizontal error bars to all plots. 
  5. All plots are now in S.I. units 

 

 

Attachment 1: plots.pdf
plots.pdf plots.pdf plots.pdf plots.pdf plots.pdf plots.pdf plots.pdf
Attachment 2: spot_size_y.pdf
spot_size_y.pdf
  13053   Thu Jun 8 12:43:42 2017 DhruvaUpdateOptical LeversBeam Profiling Results

 

Quote:

​Updates in the He-Ne beam profiling experiment. ​

New and improved plots for the He-Ne profiling experiment 

Font size has been increased to 30. 

The plots are maximum size (Following Rana's advice, I saved the plots as eps files(maximized) and converted them to pdf later).

There is a shaded region around the trendline that represents the parameter error. 

Function that I fit my data to (should have mentioned this in my earlier elog entries) 

P = \dfrac{P_0}{2}\Bigg[1+erf\Big(\dfrac{\sqrt2(X-X_0)}{w}\Big) \Bigg]

Description of my error analysis -

1. I have assumed a 20% deviation from markings in the micrometer error. 

2. Using the error in the micrometer, I have calculated the propogated error in the beam power :

\delta P = \sqrt{\dfrac{2}{\pi}}{P_0}\dfrac{\delta x}{w}\exp\Bigg({\frac{-2(X-X_0)^2}{w^2}}\Bigg)

I added this error to the stastistical error due to the fluctuation of the oscilloscope reading to obtain the total error in power. 

3. I found the Fisher Matrix by numerically differentiating the function at different data points P_b with respect to the parameters p_i =  P_0, X_0 and w.

F_{ij} = \sum_{b} {\frac{\partial P_b}{\partial p_i}\frac{\partial P_b}{\partial p_j}}\frac{1}{\sigma^2_b}

I then found the covariance matrix by inverting the Fisher Matrix and found the error in spot size estimation. 

EDIT : Residuals added to plots and all axes made equal 

Attachment 1: profile.pdf
profile.pdf profile.pdf profile.pdf profile.pdf profile.pdf profile.pdf profile.pdf
  229   Wed Jan 9 20:29:47 2008 DmassAoGTMICoffee Carafe
If you have been using the coffee machine in the 40m, you may have noticed small brown flecks in your coffee mug. The carafe in the 40m has accumulated a layer of what is presumed to be old dried up coffee. When a small amount of water is swirled around in the bottom, flecks of the brown layer come off. Pictures below are of the inside of the carafe.

But does it provide adequate protection from 1064 light?
Attachment 1: DSC_0363.JPG
DSC_0363.JPG
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DSC_0365.JPG
Attachment 3: DSC_0368.JPG
DSC_0368.JPG
  279   Mon Jan 28 12:42:48 2008 DmassBureaucracyTMICoffee
There is tea in the coffee carafe @ the 40m. It is sitting as though it were fresh coffee. There is also nothing on the post it.
  382   Fri Mar 14 16:56:03 2008 DmassBureaucracyComputersNew 40m control machine.
I priced out a new control machine from Dell and had Steve buy it.

GigE cards (jumbo packet capable) will be coming seperately.

Specs:
Quad core (2+GHz)
4 Gigs @ 800MHz RAM
24" LCD
low end video card (Nvidia 8300 - analog + digital output for dual head config)

No floppy drive on this one (yet?)
  792   Mon Aug 4 16:20:20 2008 DmassConfigurationPhotosITMX magnet position relative to OSEMS
We have vented, and taken the following pics of the magnets to document their position before we ruin everything.
Attachment 1: DSC_0151.JPG
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Attachment 2: DSC_0150.JPG
DSC_0150.JPG
  1589   Fri May 15 14:05:14 2009 DmassHowToComputersHow To: Crash the Elog

The Elog started crashing last night. It turns out I was the culprit, and whenever I tried to upload a certain 500kb .png picture, it would die. It has happened both when choosing "upload" of a picture, and when choosing "submit" after successfully uploading a picture. Both culprits were ~500kb .png files.

  1724   Wed Jul 8 18:46:56 2009 DmassAoGElectronicsBeam Scan Funky

The beam scan (which has been living in the bridge subbasement for a bit now) is in a state of imperfection.

I noticed that:

  • The waist reading seems to change by not insignificant amounts as you move the spot across the head, even for just small perturbations about the center.
  • None of the features which require two slits seem to be working (unsure if this is software or hardware related)

I took some pictures to try and illuminate the situation - The inverted images are included to make it easier to see the flecks (?) in the slits

I am not sure how to figure out if any bit of the scan is/has been fried.

 

Pending further investigation, enjoy large error bars in your scan measurements!

 

PICTURES OF BOTH SLITS ON THE BEAMSCAN HEAD:

Attachment 1: beamscanhead3.png
beamscanhead3.png
Attachment 2: beamscanhead6.png
beamscanhead6.png
  1766   Tue Jul 21 01:11:30 2009 DmassAoGComputersAlarms going off

I came into the 40m to sign things out briefly then swiftly return them, and the alarms were going off on op540m at 1am.

 

The cat and donkey? were making much noise.

  3118   Fri Jun 25 01:28:33 2010 DmassHowToSVNSVN woes

I am trying to get an actual complete install of the 40m svn on my machine. It keeps stopping at the same point:

I do a

svn checkout --username svn40m https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:30889/svn /Users/dmass/svn

A blah blah blah many files

...

A    /Users/dmass/svn/trunk/medm/c1/lsc/C1LSC_ComMode.adl.28oct06
svn: In directory '/Users/dmass/svn/trunk/medm/c1/lsc'
svn: Can't copy '/Users/dmass/svn/trunk/medm/c1/lsc/.svn/tmp/text-base/C1LSC_MENU.adl.svn-base' to '/Users/dmass/svn/trunk/medm/c1/lsc/.svn/tmp/C1LSC_MENU.adl.tmp.tmp': No such file or directory

I believe I have always had this error come up when trying to do a full svn install. Any illumination is welcome.

 

 

  3194   Mon Jul 12 12:16:50 2010 DmassHowToCOMSOL TipsIntrusions (Negative Extrusions)

 An entry on the 40m wiki page might serve you better, and be easier to sift through once all is said and done

  3204   Tue Jul 13 11:20:07 2010 DmassUpdateGreen LockingSHG on PSL table : optimum temeprature

 

 It seems like you might inherit an offset by using step (3) b/c of the temperature gradient between the crystal and the sensing point. Depending on how large this gradient is you could increase the linear coupling from temperature to intensity noise from zero to a significant number. Phase noise should not be effected.

SInce these things (ovens) are so low time constant, shouldn't we

  1. Lock to a temperature
  2. Let the oven equilibrate for however long - a few tau maybe - my oven has a time constant of 60 sec, don't know if this is fast or slow compared to that
  3. Measure P_532/P_1064
  4. Change the setpoint
  5. Go back to step 1
  3225   Wed Jul 14 20:15:04 2010 DmassBureaucracyCamerasIR Olympus

I borrowed the Olympus and forgot to leave a note - I should have it for at most a day. dmassey@ligo if you need it urgently

  3262   Wed Jul 21 19:11:18 2010 DmassUpdateGreen Lockinglocked

What did you use to filter the 2f components from your error signal? A homemade low pass or what?

 


Kiwamu:

I am using a homemade low pass filter.

It's just a RC passive LPF with the input impedance of 50 Ohm.

  3325   Thu Jul 29 21:13:39 2010 DmassUpdateGreen Lockingwaist positon of Gaussian beam in PPKTP crystals

Quote:

The mode profile of Gaussian beams in our PPKTP crystals was calculated.

I confirmed that the Rayleigh range of the incoming beam (1064 nm) and that of the outgoing beam (532 nm) is the same.

And it turned out that the waist postion for the incoming beam and the outgoing beam should be different by 13.4 mm toward the direction of propagation.

These facts will help us making optical layouts precisely for our green locking.


(detail)

The result is shown in the attached figure, which is essentially the same as the previous one (see the entry).

The horizontal axis is the length of the propagation direction, the vertical axis is the waist size of Gaussian beams.

Here I put x=0 as the entering surface of the crystal, and x=30 mm as the other surface.

The red and green solid curve represent the incoming beam and the outgoing beam respectively. They are supposed to  propagate in free space.

And the dashed curve represents the beams inside the crystal.

A trick in this calculation is that: we can assume that  the waist size of 532 nm is equal to that of 1064 nm divided by sqrt(2) . 

If you want to know about this treatment in detail,  you can find some descriptions in this paper;

"Third-harmonic generation by use of focused Gaussian beams in an optical super lattice" J.Opt.Soc.Am.B 20,360 (2003)"

If I understand your elog, you are just calculating the the offset in position space that you get by having a refractive index.

Did you end up changing the mode matching so that the rayleigh range (which changes with refractive index) was confocally focused inside the crystal (e.g. Zr = 15 mm?

 

  3328   Fri Jul 30 00:02:15 2010 DmassUpdateGreen Lockingwaist positon of Gaussian beam in PPKTP crystals

Quote:

- As you said, I just calculated the waist position in the crystal because the speed of light changes in a medium and eventually the waist position also changes.

- Yes, I did. Once you get a beam with the right waist size, you just put your crystal at the waist position with the offset.

  In fact you don't have to think about the rayleigh range inside of the crystal because what we care is the waist size and it doesn't change.

Quote:

 If I understand your elog, you are just calculating the the offset in position space that you get by having a refractive index.

Did you end up changing the mode matching so that the rayleigh range (which changes with refractive index) was confocally focused inside the crystal (e.g. Zr = 15 mm?

 I thought we cared about satisfying the confocal focusing parameter, that is to say we want to set Zr = 2L_crystal. If Zr changes inside the crystal, this is the number we care about..isn't it NOT the waist size, but the rayleigh range we care about? I am not entirely sure what youre response is saying you did...

  1. Calculate Zr = pi * wo^2/(lamba/n)
  2. Do mode matching to get this wo in free space
  3. Calculate the offset you need to move the oven by using n
  4. Move hte ovens

OR

  1. Calculate Zr = pi*wo^2/(lamba)
  2. Do mode matching to get this in free space
  3. Calculate the offset you need to move your ovens using n
  4. Move your ovens

I guess the waist size would also let me know - are you using 69 um or 53 um waist size?

  3384   Sat Aug 7 21:09:59 2010 DmassConfigurationComputer Scripts / ProgramseLog changes

I made some changes to the elog on nodus:

  • Made a backup of /cvs/cds/caltech/elog/elog-2.7.5/elogd.cfg called elogd.cfg.bk.20100407 in the same directory
  • Added a folder: /cvs/cds/caltech/elog/elog-2.7.5/logbooks/EAGER_Lab
  • Restarted the elog daemon via the start-elog-nodus script in the elog-2.7.5 directory

I saw that the current version of the elog seems to be in the svn, so tried to svn the changes from nodus via ssh, but got this message:

"svn: This client is too old to work with working copy '/cvs/cds/caltech/elog/elog-2.7.5'; please get a newer Subversion client."

I feel I should svn this but don't want to *&#@ the svn/elog up.

For now I will leave it alone and ask a question: Is the folder /cvs/cds/caltech/elog/elog-2.7.5/ under SVN control? Is it also under CVS control?

 

TL;DR:  New tab added to elog.

 

  3420   Fri Aug 13 13:11:30 2010 DmassUpdateelogrestarted

Quote:

Quote:

 script

 More of the same. 

Who is putting weird figures into the elog?!?!  I haven't checked lately, but this is what usually crashes the elog.  It's been happening a lot lately, and it might be the .pdf's. 

Let's play a new game.  We'll call this game "Everyone only use .png files for the next week" Ready? GO!

Do we know what causes the crashes for definite? Let's give the whole knowledge gathering a shot. Surfs welcome to post. Please follow the format and keep it brief. P.S. if the elog stops responding or hangs while you're trying to edit a post or write a post, you may have crashed it.

Person

  • Crashes

Dmass

  • I have crashed the elog with downsized jpegs (~300-900kB).
  • I see jpegs on the front page of the 40m (which seem to have not crashed it?)
  • I have posted pdf's with and without png thumbnails (associated automatically via the Mac program preview) without problem.

 

Edit this post to add your own experience using the above format

  3533   Tue Sep 7 14:42:02 2010 DmassConfigurationelogelog restarted

elog crashed on an upload. restarted and it worked fine with the same file.

  3538   Tue Sep 7 22:21:47 2010 DmassConfigurationelogelog restarted

Quote:

elog crashed on an upload. restarted and it worked fine with the same file.

 Again. Resubmitted an old entry with just text changes. Elog hung for 5 min +.

  3740   Tue Oct 19 00:24:07 2010 DmassOmnistructureElectronicsMassive restocking of the 40m

I had a number of delinquent items on the sign out list from the 40m. I returned about half, and ordered replacements for most of the other half.

I put the photodiodes on the SP table, and the 560 on the electronics  bench.

  5217   Fri Aug 12 20:33:57 2011 DmassSummaryPSLNPRO PDH-Locked to Ref Cav

To aid Jenny's valiant attempt to finish her SURF project, I did some things with the front end system over the last couple days, largely tricking Jamie into doing things for me lest I ruin the 40m RCG system. Several tribulations have been omitted.

We stole a channel in the frontend, in the proccess:

  1. Modified the C1GFD simulink model (now analog) to be "ADC -> TMP -> DAC" where TMP is a filter bank
    • C1GFD_TMP.adl (in /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/medm/c1gfd) is the relevant part which connects the ADC to the DAC in the frontend
  2. Confirmed that the ADC was working by putting a signal in and seeing it in the frontend
  3. Could not get a signal out of the anti aliasing board
  4. Looked sad until Kiwamu found a breakout board for the SCSI cable coming from the DAC
  5. Used SR560 to buffer DAC output
    • drove a triangle wave with AWG into the TMP EXC channel (100 counts 1 Hz) and looked at it after the ~25 ft of BNC cable running between the DAC and the NRPO driver
    • wave looked funny (not like a triangle wave), maybe the DAC is not meant to push a signal so far, so added buffer
  6. Took the control signal going to the fast input of the NPRO driver (using the 500 Ohm SR560 output - see Jenny's diagram) and put it into the anti aliasing board of the ADC
  7. Added switchable integrator to filter bank with Foton
    • I couldn't get the names to display in the filter bank, so I looked sad again
    • Jamie and Koji both poked at the "no name displayed" problem but had no conclusions, so I decided to ignore it
    • I confirm that when the two filters were toggled "on" that the transfer function was as expected: simple integrator with a unity gain at ~10mHz - agrees with what Foton's Bode Plot tool says it should be (see attached DTT plot)
  8. I got Jamie to manually add the two epics channels from the TMP model to the appropriate .ini file so they would be recorded
    • C1:GFD-TMP_OUTPUT  (16 Hz)
    • C1:GFD-TMP_INMON    (16 Hz)
  9. RefCav heater servo seems to still be set up, so we can use existing channels:
    • C1:PSL-FSS_RCPID_SETPOINT (temp setpoint - will do +/-1C steps about 35 C)
    • C1:PSL-FSS_MINCOMEAS (In loop temp sensor - in C)
    • C1:PSL-FSS_RCTEMP (out of loop temp sensor - in C)
    • C1:PSL-FSS_TIDALSET (Voltage to heater - rails @ +/- 2V)
  10.  Closed loop on the control signal for the NPRO driver with an integrator, saw error signal go to zero
    • Turned up gain a little bit, saw some oscillations, then turned gain down to stop them, final gain = 2
  11. Left system on for Jenny to come in and do step responses
Attachment 1: TMP_INT_TF.pdf
TMP_INT_TF.pdf
  5304   Thu Aug 25 17:40:07 2011 DmassUpdateComputer Scripts / Programselog broke, fixed

elog died b/c someone somewhere did something which may or may not have been innocuous. I ran the script in /cvs/cds/caltech/elog to restart the elog (thrice).

 

I have now banned Warren from clicking on the elog from home

ELOG V3.1.3-