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ID Dateup Author Type Category Subject
  7949   Mon Jan 28 21:32:38 2013 jamieUpdateAlignmenttweaking of alignment into half PRC

[Koji, Jamie]

We tweaked up the alignment of the half PRC a bit.  Koji started by looking at the REFL and POP DC powers as a function of TT2 and PRM alignment. 
He found that the reflected beam for good PRC transmission was not well overlapped at REFL.  When the beam was well overlapped at REFL, there was clipping in the REFL path on the AS table.

We started by getting good overlap at REFL, and then went to the AS table to tweak up all the beams on the REFL pds and cameras.
This made the unlocked REFL DC about 40 count. This was about 10mV (=0.2mA) at the REFL55 PD.
This amazed Koji since we found the REFL DC (of the day) of 160 as the maximum of the day for a particular combination of the PRM Pitch and TT2 Pitch. So something wrong could be somewhere.

We then moved to the ITMX table where we cleaned up the POP path.  We noticed that the lens in the POP path is a little slow, so the beam is too big on the POP PD and on the POP camera (and on the camera pick-off mirror as well)
We moved the currently unused POP55 and POP22/110 RFPDs out of the way so we could move the POP RF PD and camera back closer to the focus.  Things are better, but we still need to get a better focus, particularly on the POP PD.

We found two irides on the oplev path. They are too big and one of these is too close to the POP beam. Since it does not make sense too to have two irides in vicinity, we pulled out that one from the post.

Other things we noticed:

  • The POP beam is definitely clipping in the vacuum, looks like on two sides.
  • We can probably get better layout on the POP table, so we're not hitting mirrors at oblique angles and can get beams on grid paths.

After the alignment work on the tables, we started locking the cavity. We already saw the improvement of the POPDC power from 1000 cnt to 2500 cnt without any realignment.
Once PRM is tweaked a little (0.01ish for pitch and yaw), the maximum POPDC of 6000 was achieved. But still the POP camera shows non-gaussian shape of the beam and the Faraday camera shows bright
scattering of the beam. It seems that the scattering at the Faraday is not from the main beam but the halo leaking from the cavity (i.e. unlocking of the cavity made the scattering disappeared)


Tomorrow Jenne and I will go into BS to tweak the alignment of the TEMP PRC flat mirror, and into ITMX to see if we can clean up the POP path.

  7950   Mon Jan 28 21:36:44 2013 tall guyFrogsGeneralsmall people on notice

If I catch anyone putting small booties into the large bootie bin, I will make said person eat small booties.

  7951   Tue Jan 29 10:50:02 2013 JenneUpdateLockingVideo of PRM-flat test cavity

 

I think Den accidentally edited and overwrote my entry, rather than replying, so I'm going to recreate it from memory:

I aligned the PRM-flat test cavity (although not as well as Jamie and Koji did later in the evening) and took some videos. Note that these may not be as relevant any more, since Jamie and Koji improved things after I left.

 

Also, before doing anything with the cavity, I tuned up the PMC since the pitch input alignment wasn't perfect (we were getting ~0.7 transmission), and also tuned up the MC alignment and remeasured the MC spot positions, to maintain a record.

  7952   Tue Jan 29 10:59:37 2013 lazy personFrogsGeneralbetter plan

 

 I propose we work around this problem with giant flip-flops.  These are in the vein of the take-off-your-shoes-and-put-on-Crocs, without the taking off your shoes part.  They're a little annoying on the sticky mats, but otherwise great.  They are also super easy to put on and take off without hands, so there's no excuse for wearing them around the control room. 

I propose we buy many pairs of the smalls in green (since we already have one green small...they are big on me, so should be just right for most people), and a few mediums in, say, blue, and a few larges in black, and then maybe a few extra larges in green for people with extraordinarily large feet (they only have 3 colors).  Then we can keep a few pairs of each by each door to the lab, and have no more tracking dirty control room filth into the lab.

  7953   Tue Jan 29 14:20:02 2013 KojiUpdateGeneralFiner rotation stage for optics characterization

A rotation stage has been ordered.

Newport Rotation Stage, 360° Coarse, 5° Fine Rotation, Micrometer  Newport 481-A
Newport Solid Insert for RSP-1T Rotation Stage Newport RSA-1TI
Newport Universal Mounting Plate, 2.56 in. x 2.56 in. x 0.5 in., 1/4-20 Thread  Newport UP-1A

Specification: Newport 481-A

  • Sensitivity: 15 arcsec
  • Graduations: 1 deg
  • Vernier: 5 arcmin
  • Fine travel range: 5 deg
  • With Micrometer
  7954   Tue Jan 29 14:34:42 2013 JenneUpdatePEMSecret Seis filters

 

The BLRMS have been bad again, since the computer crash of last week.  Finally getting around to looking into it, I discovered that there are filter banks that have the microns/sec calibration filters, which are not accessible from the sitemap.  I have added links to them for GUR1 and GUR2.  We need to make the PEM/BLRMS screens macro-expansion-y, so that I don't have to change each screen individually.

Anyhow, the BLRMS are back.

 

  7955   Tue Jan 29 15:16:18 2013 ManasaFrogsGeneraltrial run

 

 I would like to suggest a trial run on these....Ergomates and the cleanboot!

ErgoMatesFeatures.jpg

booties.jpg

REPLY by JCD:  Are these going to trap dirt and be impossible to clean though?  The nice thing about Crocs and the giant flip flops is that they are solid and if they get dirty you can do a quick wipedown, and they're good as new.

  7956   Tue Jan 29 18:40:20 2013 RijuUpdate Photodiode transimpedance

Today I have taken data for shot noise intercept current for PDA10CF. I will process the data and report.

Note: GPIB address changed, new command for AG4395A network/spectrum analyzer: ./netgpibdata.py -i 192.168.113.108 -d AG4395A -a 10 -f filename

  7957   Tue Jan 29 19:50:49 2013 JenneUpdateLockingBetter POP layout, no extra PRM motion with locked cavity

[Jenne, Jamie, Manasa]

Today's activities focused on getting the POP layout improved, so that we could get clean data for the mode scan measurement. 

As Jamie and Koji pointed out yesterday, the beam was still a little too big on the POP DC PD, and was falling off the diode when the beam moved a small amount.  We have fixed things so that the PD is now at the focus of the lens, and the camera is at a place where the beam takes up most of the area on the TVs.  The beam no longer falls off the PD with cavity fluctuations.  A key point of this work was also to use an extra 2" optic to steer the beam down the length of the POP table, and then do the 50/50 beam splitting later with a 1" optic.  The 1" BS that we had been using (including with the "real" POP beam) is too small.  We could not find a 2" 50/50 BS, so we opted to do the splitting closer to the focal point.  Also, the BS that was splitting the beam between the PD and the camera was a 33% reflector, but now is a 50/50 BS. When we put back the 'real' POP path, we need to consider using larger optics, or a faster lens. The POP path is now good, hopefully for the duration of the half cavity test.

After getting the POP path taken care of, and tweaking up the cavity alignment a little bit, the transmitted power on POP DC is ~22,000 counts, with occasional fluctuations as high as 25,000 counts. 

Jamie looked at the REFL path, and things look sensible there.  The unlocked REFL power is ~36 counts, and the locked power is ~20 counts.  I'm not sure what the 160 counts that Koji mentioned in his edits to elog 7949 is about.

I looked at the PRM oplev with the cavity locked and unlocked, and with today's alignment, there seems to be no difference in the amount of PRM motion when the cavity is locked vs unlocked. 

HalfPRCL_PRM-flatMirror_RefsAreLocked_OthersUnlocked.png

 It still looks like we might be seeing some clipping in the in-vac POP steering mirrors - we haven't gotten to them yet.

Jamie is currently modifying Yuta's mode scan analysis script to look at the data that we have of the cavity.

 


We need more 2" optics.  There are no mounted 2" spares in the various optic "graveyards" (which, PS, we should consolidate all into the cabinet with doors near the optics bench), and the options for boxes in the drawers is slim pickin's.  We have some S-pol stuff, but no Y1s or BS-50s for P-pol.  Since POP, POX, POY, IPANG, TRX and TRY all come out of the vacuum with large beams, we should have some options for these laying around for this kind occasional temporary thing.  We also need to choose, then purchase better 2" lenses for the pickoffs.

Attachment 1: HalfPRCL_PRM-flatMirror_RefsAreLocked_OthersUnlocked.pdf
HalfPRCL_PRM-flatMirror_RefsAreLocked_OthersUnlocked.pdf
  7958   Tue Jan 29 20:28:11 2013 ericqUpdateGeneralEarly work on Mirror Mounts

 [Q, Chloe]

Chloe has been to the lab twice to start up her investigations in acoustic noise coupling to mirrors. The general idea for the setup is a HeNe laser bouncing off a mirror and onto a QPD, whose signal provides a measure of beam displacement noise. The mirror will be mounted and excited in various ways to make quantitative conclusions about the quality of different mounting schemes.

We have set up the laser+mirror+QPD on the SP table, and collected data via SR560s->SR785, with the main aim of evaluating the suitability of this setup. The data we collected is not calibrated to any meaningful units (yet). For now, we are just using QPD volts.

Chloe collected data of vertical displacement noise for the following schemes: Terminated SR785 input, Terminated SR560 inputs, Laser centered directly onto the QPD, Laser shining on mirror centered on QPD, laser/mirror/qpd with some small desktop speakers producing white noise from http://www.simplynoise.com. Data shown below. 

early.pdf

 

 

  7959   Tue Jan 29 21:07:48 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRM coils need diagonalizing

 

 [Jenne, Jamie]

We tried actuating on PRM so that we go through fringes in a known, linear way.  We used C1:SUS-PRM_LSC_EXC and awggui.  It seems that we get a lot of angular motion when we actuate....we need to look into this tomorrow.

EDIT/UPDATE:  Last night we tried several combinations of frequency and amplitude, but just for an idea,  we were using 2Hz, 1000cts.  Using Kiwamu's calibration in elog 5583 for the PRM actuator of 2e-8/f^2 m/cts, this means that we were pushing ~5nm.  But when we pushed much harder (larger amplitude) than that, we saw angular fringing. 

  7960   Wed Jan 30 03:01:55 2013 KojiUpdateGeneralEarly work on Mirror Mounts

I can't believe that SR785 can have such a low input noise level (<1nV/rtHz). Review your calibration again.

It is also described in the manual that SR560 typically has the input noise level of 4nV/rtHz, although this number depends on which gain you use.

  7961   Wed Jan 30 11:16:32 2013 JenneUpdateLockingMode spacing calc

[Jenne, Jamie]

We did a few pen and paper calculations yesterday to confirm for ourselves that the half PRC should have nicely separated modes.  The half cavity is L=4.34m long, assuming flat mirror is 3.5 inches in front of BS.  That 3.5" is a guess, not a measurement.

Finesse

F = ( pi * sqrt(r1 * r2) ) / (1 - r1*r2) = 111.

Full width at half max

FWHM = c / (2 * L * F) = 311 kHz

FWHM in meters = FWHM * L/f = L*1064nm/c = 4.8 nm

Free spectral range

nu_fsr = F * FWHM = 34.5 MHz

Mode Spacing (eq 19.23 from Siegman)

omega = (n + m) * arccos(\pm sqrt(g1*g2)) / pi     *   (2*pi*c)/(2L)

For our half cavity, g1*g2 = 0.96

For the 01 or 10 modes, n+m = 1

omega = 13.7e6 rad/sec

mode spacing between 00 and 01 = 2.2 MHz

Thus, the modes should be well separated

=>  spacing is 2.2 MHz while FWHM is 0.311 MHz  (cavity fsr = 34.5 MHz)

 

EDIT JCD 31Jan2013:  Fixed mode spacing eqn to be diff between TEM00 mode and HOM, not plane wave and HOM.  Then fixed the factor of 2 error in the mode spacing numbers.

  7962   Wed Jan 30 11:18:31 2013 ManasaUpdateScatteringScattering setup

Quote:

 [Jan, Manasa]

We are trying to get some scattering measurements in the Y-arm cavity. We have removed one of  the viewport windows window covers of ETMY chamber and have installed cameras on a ring that clamps to the window. The window along with the ring attachment is covered with aluminium foil when not in use.

[Jan, Manasa]

To align the camera to see small angle scattering from the ITMY, we tried shooting a green laser pointer at the pickoff mirror that was installed in the ETMY chamber such that we hit the face of ITMY. But we concluded that to be a very bad way to align the camera because we have no means to reconfirm that the camera was exactly looking at the scattering from ITMY.

Since we are in air, we came up with a plan B. The plan is to temporarily install a mirror in the ITMY chamber to steer the beam from the laser pointer (installed on the POY table) through ITMY to the pickoff mirror at the ETMY end. This way, we can install the camera at the ETMY window and be sure we are looking at ITMY scattered light. 

  7963   Wed Jan 30 13:50:27 2013 JenneUpdateComputersc1iscex still down

[Koji, Jenne]

We noticed that the iscex computer is still down, but the IOP is (was) running.  When we sat down to look at it, c1x01 was 'breathing', had a non-zero CPU_METER time, and the error was 0x4000, which I've never seen before.  The fb connection was still red though.  Also, it is claiming that its sync source is 1pps, not TDS like it usually is. 

Since things were different, Koji restarted the 2 other models running on iscex, with no resulting change.  We then did a 'rtcds restart all', and the IOP is no longer breathing, and the error message has changed to 0xbad.  The sync source is still 1pps.

Moral of the story:  c1iscex is still down, but temporarily showed signs of life that we wanted to record.

  7964   Wed Jan 30 14:00:02 2013 CharlesUpdateISSISS Design and Prototyping

Attached are both the circuit diagram and the liso formatted *.fil for the main branch of the ISS, as well as the resulting transfer function when analyzed. Unfortunately, as noted in the file, not all of the elements are possible to analyze in liso, such as any type of op-amp with more than two inputs and one output (AD602 used in this design has 16 pins with two distinct amplifiers contained within).

I have begun prototyping this circuit on a breadboard.

Attachment 1: ISS.fil
## ISS Main Branch
##
## All circuit elements are named according to the circuit diagram 
## "D020241-D2.pdf" by R. Abbott.

# Stages are separated by empty lines and elements between stages are
# also separated by empty lines for easy file navigation
# Before the first stage there is a 'fully differentiable' op-amp
# that I believe serves to isolate the device from the power supply
# However, liso does not have the capability to analyze such an op-amp,
... 79 more lines ...
Attachment 2: ISS_Transfer_Function.png
ISS_Transfer_Function.png
Attachment 3: D020241-D2.pdf
D020241-D2.pdf D020241-D2.pdf D020241-D2.pdf
  7965   Wed Jan 30 14:37:01 2013 ZachUpdateISSISS Design and Prototyping

Quote:

Unfortunately, as noted in the file, not all of the elements are possible to analyze in liso, such as any type of op-amp with more than two inputs and one output (AD602 used in this design has 16 pins with two distinct amplifiers contained within).

Typically, you can still find a way to model the important parts of the stages that are not as simply added. In the case of the differential input stage, in particular, it is important to include it because it will usually set the input noise level of the circuit. In this case, the noise is the same as the second stage (U5) and it has a gain of 1, so there is essentially no difference (up to factors of sqrt(2) or 2).

You can edit the opamp.lib file and add in custom components. For the input stage, you can just pretend it is a simple non-inverting amplifier with the specified noise characteristics from the datasheet: un = 1.3n, uc = 50 Hz (see below).

For dual op amps, you can usually just model each part separately. For example, the OPA2604 is a dual op amp that is included in the opamp.lib and can be treated as a single one in a model.

Screen_Shot_2013-01-30_at_4.22.46_PM.png

 

  7966   Wed Jan 30 15:45:09 2013 ZachUpdateLockingMode spacing calc

Quote:

Thus, the modes should be well separated

=>  spacing is 4.3 MHz while FWHM is 0.311 MHz  (cavity fsr = 34.5 MHz)

Something looks fishy. I calculate a transverse mode spacing of 2.21 MHz---is there a factor of two missing somewhere in your analytical calculation?

delta_f = (1/2/pi) * w01 - w00 = (1/2/pi) * acos(±sqrt(0.96)) /pi *2 * pi * c /2 /L = 2.21 MHz

I guess that's still OK, but if you are using 11-MHz sidebands, there is a n+m=5 mode within one linewidth of resonance. Can you use 55?

-------------

May I suggest my arbcav() tool for things like this? I think it's pretty handy for just this sort of calculations. I'm actually hoping to revamp the I/O to make it much cleaner and more intuitive.

>> T = [0.055 20e-6];

>> L = [4.34 4.34];

>> RoC = [115.5 1e10];

>> theta = [0 0];

>> fmod = 11e6;

>> lambda = 1064e-9;

>> num_pts = 1000;

>> loss = 50e-6;

>> [fin,coefs,df] = arbcav(T,L,RoC,theta,fmod,loss,lambda,num_pts);

>> fmod = 55e6;

>> [fin,coefs,df] = arbcav(T,L,RoC,theta,fmod,loss,lambda,num_pts);

 

HOM11.png HOM55.png

  7967   Wed Jan 30 16:24:25 2013 ManasaFrogsGeneraltrial run

Quote:

 

REPLY by JCD:  Are these going to trap dirt and be impossible to clean though?  The nice thing about Crocs and the giant flip flops is that they are solid and if they get dirty you can do a quick wipedown, and they're good as new.

 The Cleanboot is washable and reusable!

  7968   Wed Jan 30 19:30:21 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPOP in-vac improved

Quote:

It still looks like we might be seeing some clipping in the in-vac POP steering mirrors - we haven't gotten to them yet.

 [Jenne, Jamie]

We fixed up, as best we can, the in-vac POP alignment.  We are entirely limited in yaw by the aperture size of the 2" 45deg mirror launching the beam out of the vacuum.  The main centroid of the beam is well centered, but the inflated weird part of the beam is totally clipped.  There's nothing we can do about it except use a much larger mirror, install a fast lens inside the chamber, or just fix the damn PRC.  I vote for the third option there.

How did we work our magic? 

We put a green laser pointer where the POP DC PD was, and injected it into the vacuum, just like we normally do.  However, this time, we made sure the green laser was centered on all of the out of vacuum mirrors, so that there was no real work to do once we turned off the laser pointer. We locked the cavity, and confirmed that we are well centered on all of the in and out of vacuum mirrors, and discovered our aperture problem with the last in-vac mirror.

Here is a snapshot of the POP camera:

HalfPRCL_PRM-flatMirror_POPtrans_30Jan2013.jpg

  7969   Wed Jan 30 19:34:17 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRM coils need diagonalizing

[Koji, Jamie, Jenne]

Koji did this, while we actuated on PRM in pos, and watched the oplev.  Empirically, he found the following values for the POS column of the output matrix:

UL = 1.020

UR = 0.990

LL = 1.000

LR = 0.970

SD = 0.000

(The nominal values are all +1, except for Side, which is 0). 

Actuation of PRM was through C1:SUS-PRM_LSC_EXC, f=0.1Hz, A=100 counts.

 

Ed by KA:
This means UL and UR are increased by 2% and UR and LR are decreased by 3%. More precisely UR should be 1.02*0.97.
This is just a quick hack which works only for the DC.

  7970   Thu Jan 31 10:23:39 2013 JamieUpdateComputersc1iscex still down

Quote:

[Koji, Jenne]

We noticed that the iscex computer is still down, but the IOP is (was) running.  When we sat down to look at it, c1x01 was 'breathing', had a non-zero CPU_METER time, and the error was 0x4000, which I've never seen before.  The fb connection was still red though.  Also, it is claiming that its sync source is 1pps, not TDS like it usually is. 

Since things were different, Koji restarted the 2 other models running on iscex, with no resulting change.  We then did a 'rtcds restart all', and the IOP is no longer breathing, and the error message has changed to 0xbad.  The sync source is still 1pps.

Moral of the story:  c1iscex is still down, but temporarily showed signs of life that we wanted to record.

There's definitely a timing issue with this machine.  I looked at it a bit yesterday.  I'll try to get to it by the end of the week.

  7971   Thu Jan 31 11:53:31 2013 ManasaUpdateScatteringScattering setup

Since we are in air, we came up with a plan B. The plan is to temporarily install a mirror in the ITMY chamber to steer the beam from the laser pointer (installed on the POY table) through ITMY to the pickoff mirror at the ETMY end. This way, we can install the camera at the ETMY window and be sure we are looking at ITMY scattered light. 

 [Jan,Manasa]

We executed plan B. We installed the green laser pointer on POY table and steered the beam  through ITMY to hit the pick off mirror at the ETM end by installing *temporary mirrors. The pick off mirror was adjusted in pitch and yaw to center the reflected beam on the viewport window. We have installed irides on the ring attached to the viewport window to direct the beam to the camera.

*Temporary mirrors were removed from the ITMY chamber after this alignment.

  7972   Thu Jan 31 12:44:42 2013 RijuUpdate Photodiode transimpedance

Today I collected the data for shot noise intercept current for MC REFL PD. I didn't get many data points at higher DC voltage of the photodiode, cause the incandescent bulbs get burnt at that level; two bulbs I have burnt today. I will process the data and report.

  7973   Thu Jan 31 14:30:50 2013 JenneUpdateLockingMode spacing calc

I have calculated (using Zach's sweet software) the expected mode content for the various possible PRCs that we can make. 

Also, Zach was right about the factor of 2.  I see now that I was calculating the mode spacing between a plane wave and a HOM, so the guoy phase had a factor of (n+m+1).  The right thing to do is to get the spacing between the 00 mode and HOMs, so the guoy phase just has (n+m).  Switching from n+m+1=2 to n+m=1, that fixes the factor of 2 problem.

 I attach my results as a pdf, since I'm listing out 5 configurations.  Each config has a cartoon, with a small (hard to read) HOM plot, and then at the end, each HOM plot is shown again, but larger.  Also, "TM" is the "test mirror", the flat G&H that we're using as the cavity end mirror.

Attachment 1: Half_PRC_Configs.pdf
Half_PRC_Configs.pdf Half_PRC_Configs.pdf Half_PRC_Configs.pdf Half_PRC_Configs.pdf Half_PRC_Configs.pdf Half_PRC_Configs.pdf Half_PRC_Configs.pdf Half_PRC_Configs.pdf
  7974   Thu Jan 31 14:46:05 2013 JenneUpdateRF SystemPhotodiode transimpedance

Quote:

Today I collected the data for shot noise intercept current for MC REFL PD. I didn't get many data points at higher DC voltage of the photodiode, cause the incandescent bulbs get burnt at that level; two bulbs I have burnt today. I will process the data and report.

 This work was done in-situ, so no optics on the AS table were moved.  The PSL shutter was blocked since the IR beam was not necessary, and would scatter off the bulb Riju put in front of the PD. 

  7975   Thu Jan 31 15:20:46 2013 ZachUpdateLockingMode spacing calc

I should mention that I just found a bug in how it treats odd-mirror-number cavities. For such cavities, HG modes with odd horizontal indices should receive an extra roundtrip phase of pi/2 (due to the rotation by the cavity). Because of a numbering convention issue, arbcav actually used to apply this phase shift to even-order modes. Essentially, the only difference is that the fundamental mode was shifted to anti-resonance. Everywhere else, there are modes at both corresponding locations in frequency space, and so it does not back a big difference in terms of cavity design.

Thanks to this IMC modeling we are doing at the workshop, I caught it! It has been fixed in the SVN.

Quote:

I have calculated (using Zach's sweet software) the expected mode content for the various possible PRCs that we can make. 

Also, Zach was right about the factor of 2.  I see now that I was calculating the mode spacing between a plane wave and a HOM, so the guoy phase had a factor of (n+m+1).  The right thing to do is to get the spacing between the 00 mode and HOMs, so the guoy phase just has (n+m).  Switching from n+m+1=2 to n+m=1, that fixes the factor of 2 problem.

 I attach my results as a pdf, since I'm listing out 5 configurations.  Each config has a cartoon, with a small (hard to read) HOM plot, and then at the end, each HOM plot is shown again, but larger.  Also, "TM" is the "test mirror", the flat G&H that we're using as the cavity end mirror.

 

  7976   Thu Jan 31 15:34:22 2013 RijuUpdateRF SystemPhotodiode transimpedance

Quote:

Quote:

Today I collected the data for shot noise intercept current for MC REFL PD. I didn't get many data points at higher DC voltage of the photodiode, cause the incandescent bulbs get burnt at that level; two bulbs I have burnt today. I will process the data and report.

 This work was done in-situ, so no optics on the AS table were moved.  The PSL shutter was blocked since the IR beam was not necessary, and would scatter off the bulb Riju put in front of the PD. 

 Thanks Jenne.

  7977   Thu Jan 31 15:56:38 2013 RijuUpdate Photodiode transimpedance

Summary: Measurement and plot of shot-noise-intercept-current for PDA10CF. 

Motivation:It is to measure the shot noise intercept current for PDA10CF.

Result: The final plot is attached here. The plot suggests that the value of shot-noise-intercept current is 0.21mA

Discussion:

The plot is for the measured data of Noise voltage (V/sqrt(Hz)) vs DCcurrent(A). The fitted plot to this measured data follows the noise equation

Vnoise = gdet* sqrt[ 2e (iDC+idet)] ,  where gdet= transimpedance of the PD in RF region as described in manual of PDA255 (i.e. 5e3 when it is not in High-impedance region).

To get an approximate idea of the shot noise intercept current, we may follow the same procedure described in 7946 

In the present case dark-noise is 4.3e-08 V/sqrt(Hz)

Therefore dark current(in2) ~dark noise voltage/RF transimpedance = 8.6pA/sqrt(Hz)

 

 

Therefore the approximate shot noise intercept current ~ (8.6/18)^2=0.22mA

This value matches well with the fitted data.

From PDA10CF manual, NEP=1.2e-11W/sqrt(Hz) and responsivity~0.9A/W. Therefore the noise current level will be ~10pA.

 

 

Attachment 1: shotnoiseinterceptpda10cf.pdf
shotnoiseinterceptpda10cf.pdf
  7978   Thu Jan 31 20:06:22 2013 EvanUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

[Jenne, Evan]

Tonight we made a non-folded cavity between the PRM and PR2 as follows. I put down two dog clamps to constrain the original position of the PR2 mount. I then loosened the dog clamps holding the mount to the table and nudged the mount until we saw a few reasonably well-aligned bounces in the cavity. I then dogged down the mount.

We played with the PRM and TT2 steering until we saw flashes of TEM00. However, the resonance is not clean so we couldn't lock.

Since we changed the PRM alignment, we had to redo the last bit of steering for the PRM oplev into the photodiode. We also put a few ND filters on the POP camera.

  7979   Thu Jan 31 22:14:11 2013 ranaSummaryASCOptics lit

 Gouy not Guoy:

http://www.rp-photonics.com/gouy_phase_shift.html

pronounced Goo-eee, with the emphasis on the second syllable.

  7980   Thu Jan 31 23:48:45 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

Wow! What's happened?

As the video showed good quality of resonances, I stopped by at the 40m on the way back home.

I looked at the error signals and found that they indicate high finesse and clear resonance of the sidebands.
The lock was immediate once the gain is set to be -0.004 (previous 0.05ish). This implies the optical gain is ~10 times larger than the previous configration.
The alignment was not easy as POPDC was saturated at ~27000I leave this as a daytime job.

As I misaligned the PRM, I could see that the lock hopped into the next higher order. i.e .from TEM00 to TEM01, from TEM01 to TEM02, etc
This means that the modes are closely located each other, but sufficiently separated to sustain each mode.

I definitely certify that cavity scans will give us meaningful information about the cavity.

  7981   Fri Feb 1 09:33:11 2013 JamieUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

I replaced the BS1 between the POPDC PD and the camera with a 98 reflector, and moved the 50 up before the BS to dump half the light.  Still saturating POPDC, but hopefully the ratio between POPDC and the camera should be better.  We just need to dump more of the power before we get there.  I'll come back to this after C&D if no one else has already gotten to it.

I don't know why I didn't pay more attention last night, but things look way WAY better.  The beams are much cleaner and the power level is much much higher.

  7982   Fri Feb 1 12:22:27 2013 ZachSummaryASCOptics lit

It's OK; even Siegman got it wrong---48 times.

RA: NO, stil not OK.

Quote:

 Gouy not Guoy:

http://www.rp-photonics.com/gouy_phase_shift.html

pronounced Goo-eee, with the emphasis on the second syllable.

 

  7983   Fri Feb 1 12:34:55 2013 JenneUpdatePSLToo much power injected into vacuum

I noticed (while relocking the MC after Jamie and I zeroed the LSC offsets) that the MC refl power was 4.8 V.  Usually we should be ~4.2, so I closed the PSL shutter and went in to measure the power.  We were injecting ~125mW or a little more.  I had adjusted the power the other day, and through yesterday, it looked fine, but overnight it looks like it drifted up.

  7984   Fri Feb 1 14:47:17 2013 RijuUpdate Photodiode transimpedance

 Summary: Measurement and plot of shot-noise-intercept-current for MC REFL PD. 

Motivation:It is to measure the shot noise intercept current for MC REFL PD.

 

Result: The final plot is attached here. The plot suggests that the value of shot-noise-intercept current is 0.041mA

Discussion:

 

The plot is for the measured data of Noise voltage (V/sqrt(Hz)) vs DCcurrent(A). The fitted plot to this measured data follows the noise equation

Vnoise = gdet* sqrt[ 2e (iDC+idet)] ,  where gdet= transimpedance of the PD in RF region as described in manual of PDA255 (i.e. 5e3 when it is not in High-impedance region).

To get an approximate idea of the shot noise intercept current, we may follow the same procedure described in 7946 

In the present case minimum noise value is 2.03e-08 V/sqrt(Hz)

Therefore dark current(in2) ~dark noise voltage/RF transimpedance = 4.06pA/sqrt(Hz)

Therefore the approximate shot noise intercept current value is (4/18)^2 ~ 0.049mA, which is close to the fitted value.

 

 ... hard to believe these numbers. Wrong DC transimpedance? (KA)

Attachment 1: shotnoiseinterceptmcreflpd.pdf
shotnoiseinterceptmcreflpd.pdf
  7985   Fri Feb 1 15:12:53 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

 After Jamie did all the work this morning on the POP table, I was able to get the cavity to lock.  It's not very stable until I engage the boost filters in the PRCL loop.  After locking, I tuned up the alignment a bit more.  Now we're taking mode scan data.  Look for results hopefully shortly after Journal Club!

  7986   Fri Feb 1 19:55:33 2013 JenneUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

[Jamie, Koji, Jenne]

We are looking at the mode scan data, and have some preliminary results!  We have data from when the cavity was aligned, when it was slightly misaligned in pitch, and slightly misaligned in yaw.

Inverting the equation for transverse mode spacing, we infer (for pitch misalignment) a cavity g-factor of 0.99, and from there (assuming the G&H mirror is flat and so has a g-factor of 1), we infer a PRM radius of curvature of 168 meters which is ~50% longer than we expected.

 

More results to come over the weekend from Jamie.

  7987   Fri Feb 1 23:12:42 2013 KojiUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

During the scanning we were riddled by the fact the PDH error and the transmission peaks do not happen simultaneously.

After a little investigation, it was found that "LP100^2" filter is left on in the POPDC filter.

Moreover, it was also found that the whitening filter switches for the POPDC does not switch the analog counterpart.

These were the culprit why we never saw accidental hitting of the max transmission by the peaks when the cavity was not locked.

 

I know that the most of the whitening filter in the RF paths were checked before (by Keiko?), but the similar failure still exists in the POX path.
We should check for the whitening filters in the DC path as well and fix everything at once. I can offer assistance on the fixing part.

  7988   Fri Feb 1 23:52:59 2013 ranaUpdateLockingPRM/PR2 cavity

 Very exciting result, if true. I suppose we should try to reconfirm this result by doing another phase map of PRM03.

Is it possible that PR2 is not flat? How would we test to see if the tip-tilt frame screw gives it a curvature? Perhaps we can check with COMSOL.

  7989   Sun Feb 3 13:20:02 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralHypothesis

Rana mentioned the possibility that the PR2 curvature makes the impact on the mode stability. Entry 7988
Here is the extended discussion.


Hypothesis:

The small but non-negligible curvatures of the TT mirrors made the recycling cavity unstable or nearly unstable.


Conclusion:

If the RoC of the TT mirrors are -600 m (convex), the cavity would be barely stable.
If the RoC of the TT mirrors are less than -550m, the horizontal modes start to be unstable.
Assumption that all of the TT mirrors are concave should be confirmed.


Fact (I): Cavity stability

- The folded PRMI showed the mode stability issue. (L=6.78m from Jenne's entry 7973)
- The folded PRM-PR2-PR3-flat mirror cavity also showed the similar mode issue. (L=4.34m)
- The unfolded PRM-PR2 cavity demonstrated stable cavity modes. (L=1.91m)

Fact (II): Incident angle

- PRM 0deg
- PR2 1.5deg
- PR3 41deg

Fact (III): Mirror curvature

- RoC of PRM (PRMU02): +122.1m (measured, concave), or +115.6m (measured by the vendor)
- RoC of G&H mirrors: -600m ~ -700m (measured, I suppose the negative number means convex) (Jenne's entry 7851)
  [Note that there is no measurement of the phase map for the PR2 mirror itself.]
- RoC of LaserOptik mirrors: -625m ~ -750m (measured, I suppose that the measurement shows the mirrors are convex.) (Jan's entry 7627 and 7638)

Let's assume that the TT mirrors are always convex and have a single number for the curvature radius, say RTT


Cavity mode calculation with Zach's arbcav

1) The unfolded PRM-PR2 cavity:

The cavity becomes unstable when 0 > RTT > -122m  (This is obvious from the g-factor calculation)
==> The measured RoC of the TT mirrors predicts the cavity is stable. (g=0.98, Transverse Mode Spacing 3.54MHz)

2) The folded PRM-PR2-PR3-flat mirror cavity:

The cavity becomes unstable when RTT < -550 m
==> The measured RoC of the TT mirrors (RTT ~ -600m) predicts the cavity is barely stable (g=0.997, TMS ~600kHz).

- The instability occurs much faster than the unfolded case.
- The horizontal mode hits unstable condition faster than the vertical mode.
- The astigmatism mainly comes from PR3.

3) The folded PRMI:

The cavity becomes unstable when RTT < -550 m
==> The measured RoC of the TT mirrors (RTT ~ -600m) predicts the cavity is barely stable. (g=0.995, TMS ~500kHz)

- The instability occurs with almost same condition as the case 2)

The calculation result for the PRMI with RTT of -600 m. The code was also attached.


Q&A:

Q. What is the difference between unfolded and folded?
A. For the unfolded case, the PR2 reflect the beam only once in a round-trip.
For the folded case, each TT mirror reflects the beam twice. Therefore the lens power by the mirror is doubled.

Q. Why the astigmatism mainly comes from PR3?
A. As the angle of incidence is much bigger than the others (41deg).

Q. Why the horizontal mode is more unstable than the vertical mode?
A. Off-axis reflection of a spherical mirror induces astigmatism. The effective curvature of the mirror in
the horizontal direction
is R / Cos(theta) (i.e. longer), while it is R Cos(theta) (i.e. shorter). Indeed, the vertical and horizontal ROCs are factor of 2 different
for the 45deg incidence.

Q. Why the stability criteria for the case 2) and 3) similar?
A. Probably, once the effective curvature of the PRM-PR2-PR3 becomes
negative when RTT < -550 m.

Q. You said the case 2 and 3 are barely stable. If the TMS is enough distant form the carrier, do we expect no problem?
A. Not really. As the cavity get close to the instability, the mode starts to be inflated and get highly astigmatic.
For the case 2), the waist radii are 5.0mm and 3.7mm for the horzontal and vertical, respectively.
For the case 3), they are 5.6mm and 4.1mm for the horzontal and vertical, respectively.
(Note: Nominally the waist radius is 3.1mm)

Q. What do you predict for the stability of the PRM-PR2-Flat_Mirror cavity?
A. It will be stable. The cavity is stable until
RTT becomes smaller than -240 m.

Q. If the TT mirrors are concave, will the cavity stable?
A. Yes. Particularly if PR3 is concave.

Q. Rana mentioned the possibility that the mirrors are deformed by too tight mounting of the mirror in a ring.
Does it impact the stability of the cavity?

A. Possible. If the curvature is marginal and the mounting emphasizes the curvature, it may meet the unstable condition.

Q. How can we avoid this instability issue?
A.
1. Use flatter mirrors or at least concave mirrors.

2. Smaller incident angle to avoid emphasis of the RoC in the horizontal direction
3. Use weaker squishing force for mounting of the mirrors
4. Flip the PR3 mirror in the mounting ring by accepting the compromise that the AR surface is in the cavity.

Attachment 1: mode_density_PRC.pdf
mode_density_PRC.pdf mode_density_PRC.pdf
Attachment 2: mode_density_PRC.zip
  7990   Mon Feb 4 10:45:51 2013 JamieSummaryGeneralrough analysis of aligned PRM-PR2 mode scan

Here's a sort of rough analysis of the aligned PRM-PR2 cavity mode scan.

On Friday we took some mode scan measurements of the PRM-PR2 cavity by pushing PRM (C1:SUS-PRM_LSC_EXT) with a 0.01 Hz, 300 count sine wave.  We looked at the transmitted power on the POP DC PD and the error signal on REFL11_I.

Below is a detail of the scan, chosen because the actuation was in its linear region and there were three relatively ok looking transmission peaks with nice PDH response curves:

scan-labeled.pdf

The vertical green lines on the bottom plot indicate the rough averaged separation of the 11 MHz side-band resonances from the carrier, at +- 0.0275 s.  If we take this for our calibration, we get roughly 400 MHz / second.

The three peaks in top plot have an average FWHM of 0.00381 s.  Given the calibration above, the average FWHM = ~1.52 MHz.

If we assume a cavity length of 1.91 m, FSR = 78.5 MHz.

Putting this together we get a finesse = ~51.6.

Analysis of misaligned mode scans to follow.

  7991   Mon Feb 4 11:10:59 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralrough analysis of aligned PRM-PR2 mode scan

The expected finesse is 100ish. How much can we beleive the measured number of 50?
From the number we need to assume PR2 has ~93% reflectivity.
This does not agree with my feeling that the cavity is overcoupled.
Another way is to reduce the reflectivity of the PRM but that is also unlikely from the data sheet.

The scan passed the peak in 4ms according to the fitting.
How do the analog and digital antialiasing filters affect this number?

  7992   Mon Feb 4 15:06:56 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralHypothesis

Quote:

Q. How can we avoid this instability issue?
A.
1. Use flatter mirrors or at least concave mirrors.

2. Smaller incident angle to avoid emphasis of the RoC in the horizontal direction
3. Use weaker squishing force for mounting of the mirrors
4. Flip the PR3 mirror in the mounting ring by accepting the compromise that the AR surface is in the cavity.

 Another possibility is to use a ring heater to correct the curvature. I talked a bit with Aidan about this.

  7993   Mon Feb 4 15:26:10 2013 JamieUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsNew "getdata" program to pull NDS channel data, including test points

I've added a new program called getdata (to scripts/general/getdata) that will conveniently pull arbitrary data from an NDS server, either DQ or online (ie. testpoints).

Start times and durations may be specified.  If past data is requested, you must of course be requesting DQ channels.  If no start time is specified, data will be pulled "online", in which case you can specify testpoints.

If an output directory is specified, the retrieved data will be stored in that directory in files named after the channels.  If an output directory is not specified, no output will be

Help usage:

 

controls@pianosa:~ 0$ /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/scripts/general/getdata --help
usage: getdata [-h] [-s START] [-d DURATION] [-o OUTDIR] channel [channel ...]

Pull online or DQ data from an NDS server. Use NDSSERVER environment variable
to specify host:port.

positional arguments:
  channel               Acquisition channel. Multiple channels may be
                        specified acquired at once.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -s START, --start START
                        GPS start time. If omitted, online data will be
                        fetched. When specified must also specify duration.
  -d DURATION, --duration DURATION
                        Length of data to acquire.
  -o OUTDIR, --outdir OUTDIR
                        Output directory. Data from each channel stored as
                        '.txt'. Any existing data files will be
                        automatically overwritten.
controls@pianosa:~ 0$ 

  7994   Mon Feb 4 19:33:19 2013 yutaSummaryGeneralrough analysis of aligned PRM-PR2 mode scan

[Jenne, Yuta]

We redid PRM-PR2 cavity scan because last one (elog #7990) was taken with the sampling frequency of 2 KHz. We have also done TMS measurement.

Method:
 1. Align input TTs and PRM to align PRM-PR2 cavity.
 2. Sweep cavity length using C1:SUS-PRM_LSC_EXC.
 3. Get data using Jamie's getdata and fitted peaks using /users/jrollins/modescan/prc-pr2_aligned/run.py
 4. Calculated cavity parameters

Results:
 Below is the figure containing peaks used to do the calculation.

3peakdata.png

 From 11 MHz sidebands, calibration factor is 462 +/- 22 MHz/sec (supposing linear scan around peaks)
 FWHM is 1.45 +/- 0.03 MHz.
 TMS is 2.64 +/- 0.05 MHz.
 Error bars are statistical errors of the average over 3 TEM00 peaks.

 If we believe cavity length L to be 1.91 m, FSR is 78.5 MHz.
 So, Finesse will be 54 +/- 1 and cavity g-factor will be 0.9944 +/- 0.0002. 0.9889 +/- 0.0004   (Edited by YM; see elog #8056)
 If we believe RoC of PRM is exactly +122.1 m, measured g-factor insists RoC of PR2 to be -187 +/- 4.
 If we believe RoC of PR2 is exactly -600 m, measured g-factor insists RoC of PRM to be 218 +/- 6.

Discussion:
 1. Finesse is too small (expected to be ~100). This time, data was taken 16 KHz. Cut-off frequency of the digital antialiasing filter is ~ 5 kHz (see /opt/rtcds/rtscore/release/src/fe/controller.c). FWHM is about 0.003 sec, so it should not effect much according to my simulation.

 2. I don't know why FWHM measurement from the last one is similar to this one. The last one was taken 2 KHz, this means anti-aliasing filter of 600 Hz. This should double FWHM.

 3. Oscilloscope measurement may clear anti-aliasing suspicion.

  7995   Mon Feb 4 19:48:32 2013 JamieSummaryGeneralarbcav recalc of PRC with correct ITM transmission

I noticed that Koji used a high reflector for the ITMs for his full PRC arbcav calculation. I just redo it here with the correct ITM transmission and RoC for completeness.

In this case the finesse is 95, instead of 121.

mode_density_PRC_2.pdf

mode_density_PRC_3.pdf

  7996   Mon Feb 4 22:46:03 2013 JamieSummaryGeneralarbcav for SRC with curved TTs

I ran Zach's arbcav on our SRC with curved TTs and the situation looks much worse than the PRC.

I used the following parameters

SRM: RoC = 142 m, T = 10%
ITM: RoC = 83.1e3 m, T = 1.4%
SRC length: 5.37 m

In this case, with TT RoC of -600, the combined cavity g-factor = 0.9986, and astigmatism from SR3 makes the cavity patently not stable.  You have to go up to an RoC of -710 before the cavity is just over the edge.

mode_density_SRC_3.pdfmode_density_SRC_2.pdf

 

  7997   Tue Feb 5 02:04:44 2013 yutaSummaryGeneralrough analysis of aligned PRM-PR2 mode scan

I redid PRM-PR2 cavity scan using oscilloscope to avoid anti-aliasing effect.
Measured Finesse was 104 +/- 1.

Method:
 1. Splitted POP DC output into three and plugged two into oscilloscope TDS 3034B. Ch1 and Ch2 was set to 1 V/div and 20 mV/div respectively to take the whole signal and higer resolution one at the same time (Koji's suggestion). Sampling frequency was 50 kHz. Sweeping time through FWHM was about 0.001 sec, which is slow enough.
 2. Took mode scan data from the oscilloscope via network.

Preliminary results:
 Below is the plot of the data for one TEM00 peak.
PRMPR2scan.png

 The data was taken twice.
 Measured FWHM was 0.764 MHz and 0.751 MHz. By taking the average, FWHM = 0.757 +/- 0.005 MHz.
 This gives you Finesse = 104 +/- 1, which is OK compared with the expectation.

What I need:
 I need better oscilloscope so that we can take longer data (~1 sec) with higher resolution (~0.004 V/count, ~50kHz).
 TDS 3034B can take data only for 10 ksamples, one channel by one!  I prefer Yokogawa DL750 or later.

  7998   Tue Feb 5 03:16:51 2013 KojiSummaryGeneralrough analysis of aligned PRM-PR2 mode scan

0.764 and 0.751 do not give us the stdev of 0.005.

I have never seen any Yokogawa in vicinity.

Quote:

 Measured FWHM was 0.764 MHz and 0.751 MHz. By taking the average, FWHM = 0.757 +/- 0.005 MHz.
 This gives you Finesse = 104 +/- 1, which is OK compared with the expectation.

What I need
 I need better oscilloscope so that we can take longer data (~1 sec) with higher resolution (~0.004 V/count, ~50kHz).
 TDS 3034B can take data only for 10 ksamples, one channel by one!  I prefer Yokogawa DL750 or later.

 

ELOG V3.1.3-