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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  6357   Mon Mar 5 17:07:58 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOrealigned MC

I have slightly shifted the MC beam pointing to relax the PZT1 PITCH. As a result the TRY value went to 0.97 in a first lock trial.

However another issue arose:

   The polarity for controlling the PZT1 PITCH seems to have flipped for some reason.

Since it is still sort of controllable, I am leaving it as it is.

If I remember correctly, sliding the PZT1 pitch value to the positive side brought the beam spot upward in the AS CCD. But now it moves in the opposite way.

Also the ASS feedback looks tending to push the PZT1 pitch to the wrong direction.

I am not 100 % sure if the polarity really flipped, but this is my current conclusion.

 

 

(MC pointing)

  1. Locked the Y arm and aligned ITMY and ETMY with the ASS servos such that the beam spot on each test mass is well centered on the test mass.
    • With this process the eigen axis of the Y arm cavity is well prepared.
  2. Checked the beam positions of the prompt reflection light and cavity leakage field in the AS CCD.
    • It looked the incident beam needed to go upward in the CCD view.
  3. Offloaded the MC WFS feedback values to the MC suspension DC biases in a manual way.
  4. Disabled the MC WFS servos. The MC transmitted light didn't become worse, which means the suspensions were well aligned to the input beam
  5. Changed the DC bias in the MC2 PITCH, to bring the beam spot upward. I changed the DC bias by ~ 0.1 or in the EPICS counts.
  6. Aligned the zig-zag steering mirrors on the PSL table to match the incident beam to the new MC eigen beam axis.
    • The transmitted DC light and reflected DC values went back to 27000 counts and 0.58 counts respectively without the WFS servos.
  7. Re-engaged the WFS servos.

Quote from #6351

PZT1 started railing in the pitch direction and because of this TRY doesn't go more than 0.7. I will leave it as it is for tonight.

Tomorrow I will shift the alignment of the MC to make the PZT1 happier. 

 

  6362   Tue Mar 6 01:35:03 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCMICH characterization

[Keiko / Kiwamu]

 Update on the MICH characterization:

  • The OSAs weren't so great because the 11 MHz sidebands were covered by the carrier's tail
    • It seemed that the frequency resolution depended on the mode matching. We will try improving the mode matching tomorrow.
  • The noise budget looked very bad
    • There were huge peaks at 1 Hz, 3 Hz, 16.5 Hz and 23 Hz. Something is crazy in the vertex suspensions.
    • Keiko will post the calibrated noise budget.
  • The MICH response at AS55Q was measured and we will calibrate it into watts / meter.

 

  6369   Wed Mar 7 04:08:48 2012 kiwamuUpdateSUSBS SIDE gain was too low

The BS SIDE damping gain seemed too low. The gain had been 5 while the rest of the suspensions had gains of 90-500.

I increased the gain and set it to be 80.

 

I did the "Q of 5" test by kicking the BS SIDE motion to find the right gain value.

However there was a big cross coupling, which was most likely a coupling from the SIDE actuator to the POS motion.

Due to the cross coupling, the Q of 5 test didn't really show a nice ring down time series. I just put a gain of 80 to let the Q value sort of 5.

I think we should diagonalize the out matrices for all the suspensions at some point.

  6378   Wed Mar 7 19:10:06 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCREFL OSA : how the signal look like

Just a quick report on the REFL OSA.

The attached plot below shows the raw signal from the REFL OSA which Keiko installed in this afternoon.

When the data was taken the beam on the REFL OSA was a direct reflection from PRM with the rest of the suspended mirrors misaligned.

One of the upper and lower 11 MHz sidebands is resolved (it is shown at 0.12 sec in the plot) while the other one is still covered by the carrier tail.

The 55 MHz upper and lower sidebands are well resolved (they are at 0.06 and 0.2 sec in the plot).

One of the oscilloscopes monitoring the OSA signals in the control room has a USB interface so that we can record the data into a USB flash memory and plot it like this.

OSArefl.png

Quote from #6375

 I swap an OSA at PSL and OSA at REFL. It was because the PSL-OSA had a better resolution, so we place this better one at REFL. The ND filter (ND3) which was on the way to REFL OSA was replaced by two BSs, because it was producing dirty multiple spots after transmitting.

 

  6382   Wed Mar 7 22:04:05 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCREFL OSA : how the signal look like

I was also wondering about the same thing, comparing with what Mirko obtained before with the same OSA ( #5519).

Quote from #6379

I'm puzzled why the 11MHz peak can be such high considering 1.7~2 times smaller the modulation depth.

 

  6386   Thu Mar 8 04:13:12 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCupdate on the locking activity

[Keiko / Kiwamu]

 Some updates on the locking activity:

  • Started summarizing the data of the Michelson lock in a wiki page:
  • Gradually moving on to the PRMI lock
    • The lock stays for reasonably a long time (~20 min or more)
    • POP22/110 demod signals seemed just ADC noise.
    • A first noise budget is in process
      • The glitches make the noise level worse above 40 Hz or so in both the MICH and PRCL budgets.
    • Sensing matrix will be measured tomorrow
    • The data will be also summarized in a wiki page
  6388   Thu Mar 8 23:37:03 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOdither Y arm dither script

I disabled the feedback to the PZT1 PITCH in the Y arm dithering scripts so that it won't push the beam away from the good point.

Currently one has to do a manual alignment only for the PZT PITCH but the rest of DOFs are still able to be automatically aligned with the script.

Quote from #6357

 The polarity for controlling the PZT1 PITCH seems to have flipped for some reason.

  6403   Tue Mar 13 07:04:55 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCevolution of the sensing matrix in PRMI as a function of time

The punch line is -- the sensing matrix still looks strange in the PRMI configuration.

 

I have been measuring the sensing matrix of the PRMI configuration because it didn't make sense (#6283).

One strange thing I have noticed before was that all the I-phase signals showed a weird behavior -- they fluctuate too much in time series.

Tonight I measured the sensing matrix again but this time I recorded them as a function of time using the realtime LOCKINs in the LSC front end.

The attached plots are the responses (optical gains) of PRCL and MICH in watts / meter at various sensors in time series.

I will explain some more details about how I measured and calibrated the data in another elog entry.

 

PRCL.png

 MICH.png

 

  6405   Tue Mar 13 16:40:06 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCevolution of the sensing matrix in PRMI as a function of time: details

Here I describe the measurement of the sensing matrix.

 

Motivations

  There were two reasons why I have been measuring the sensing matrix :

  1.  I wanted to know how much each element in the sensing matrix drifted as a function of time because the sensing matrix didn't agree with what Optickle predicted (#6283).
  2.  I needed to estimate the MICH responses in the 3f demodulated signals, so that I can decide which 3f signal I should use for holding MICH.

 I will report #2 later because it needs another careful noise estimation.

 

Measurement

 In order to measure the sensing matrix, the basic steps are something like this:

  1. Excite one of the DOF at a certain frequency, where a notch filter is applied in the LSC servos so that the servos won't suppress the excitation signal.
  2. Demodulate the LSC signals (e.g. C1:LSC-REFL11_I_ERR and etc.,) by the realtime LOCKINs (#6152) at the same frequency.
  3. Calibrate the obtained LOCKIN outputs to watts/meter.
In the actual measurement I choose the frequency of the excitation signal to be at 283.1 Hz,
at which any of the LSC servos don't have gains of more than 1 and there were no particular structures in the spectra.
For the amplitude of the excitation, I usually choose it to be 1000 - 2000 counts.
Because all the actuators have response functions of approximately 10-9 / f^2 meter/counts  (#5637), the actual displacement in the excited DOF should be about 10 pm level.
Therefore the excited displacements must be always in the linear ranges and also the amplitude in counts is reasonably smaller than the DAC range.
 

LOCKIN detection

The attached cartoon below shows how the LOCKIN system works for the MICH response measurement.
In the case of the PRCL response measurement, the setup is the same except that only PRM is shaken.
Here is some notes about the LOCKIN detection.
  • The LOCKIN oscillator excites ITMs differentially
    • In order to purely excites the MICH DOF, the actuation coefficients were precisely adjusted (#6398).
    • Currently ITMY has a gain of 1, and ITMX has a gain of -0.992 for the pure MICH excitation. Those numbers were put in the output matrix of the LOCKIN oscillator.
  • The demodulation phase of the LOCKIN system was adjusted to be -22 deg at the digital phase rotator.
    • This number maximizes the in-phase signals while the quadrature-phase signals give almost zero.
    • This number was adjusted when the simple MICH configuration was applied.
  • In the demodulations, the LO signals have amplitude of 100 counts to just make the demodulated signals readable numbers.

 

lockins_MICH.png

 

Calibration of the LOCKINs

  The calibration of the LOCKIN detectors is easy because all the processes takes place in the digital land, where we know all the parameters.
In this phase the goal is to calibrate the signals into counts / meter.
To calibrate the LOCKIN output signals, the following equation is used :
 
 [The obtained LOCKIN output in counts ] = H x ADOF x CLO x CEXC x 1/2  ,
 
 where H is the response of a sensor (e.g. AS55_I, AS55_Q and so on) against a particular DOF in unit of counts / m and this the quantity which we want to measure here,
ADOF is the actuator efficiency of the DOF at the excitation frequency in unit of m/counts,
CLO is the amplitude of the local oscillator signal for demodulating the sensor signals in unit of counts,
CEXC is the amplitude of the excitation signal in unit of counts,
the last 1/2 term comes from the fact there is a low pass filter in each demodulation path. 
Therefore once we measure the response of a sensor, dividing the obtained LOCKIN output by ADOF x CLO x CEXC x 1/2 gives the calibrated response in unit of counts/meter.
  ADOF are well known as they have been measured several times (#5637).
For the MICH actuator I assumed that AMICH = 2 x (ITMY response) since they are balanced through the actuation coefficients.
Note that a confirmation of this calibration has been done
when the configuration is in the simple Michelson, where we can easily estimate the response of a sensor by letting the MICH freely swing.
 

Calibration of the responses to watts/meter

  With the calibration process described above, we obtain the sensor responses in unit of counts/m.
 Then we need to do another calibration to make them into unit of W/m.
If we think about how the RFPD signal flows, we get the following gain chain.
 
[raw response in counts/m ] = Hopt x CADC x Ldemod x GWF x Ztrans x RPD
 
Hopt  is the optical gain at a sensor which we want to calibrate. It is in unit of W/m.
CADC  is the conversion factor of the ADCs and the value is CADC = 1638.4 counts/m because their resolution is 16 bit and the range is +/-20 V.
Ldemod is the conversion efficiency of the demodulation boards in unit of V/V. I used the values which Suresh measured yesterday (#6402).
GWF is the gain of the whitening filter in unit of V/V,
Ztrans is the transimpedance gain of an RFPD in unit of V/A and I used the values summarized in (the wiki),
and RPD is the responsivity of the photo diodes and I assumed RPD = 0.75 A/W for all the RFPDs.
 
Therefore the calibration can be done by dividing the raw response value by the entire gain chain of CADC x Ldemod x GWF x Ztrans x RPD.
 

Settings and parameters

  •  LSC RF demodulation phases
    •  AS55 = 17.05 deg (minimizing the PRCL sensitivity in the Q-phase)
    •  REFL11 = -41.05 deg (maximizing the PRCL sensitivity in the I-phase)
    • REFL33 = -25.85 deg (maximizing the PRCL sensitivity in the I-phase)
    • REFL55 = 4 deg (maximizing the PRCL sensitivity in the I-phase)
    • REFL165 = 39 deg (random number)
  •  Whitening filters
    • AS55 = 30 dB
    • REFL11 = 0 dB
    • REFL33 = 42 dB
    • REFL55 = 30 dB
    • REFL165 = 45 dB
  • MICH servo
    • AS55_Q for the sensor
    • G = -5 in the digital gain
    • FM2, FM3, FM5 and FM9 actiavted
    • UGF ~ 100 Hz
    • Feedback to ITMs differentially
  • PRCL servo
    • REFL33_I for the sensor
    • G = 1 in the digital gain
    • FM2, FM3, FM4, FM5 and FM9 activated
    • UGF ~ 100 Hz
    • Feedback to PRM

Quote from #6403

Tonight I measured the sensing matrix again but this time I recorded them as a function of time using the realtime LOCKINs in the LSC front end.

I will explain some more details about how I measured and calibrated the data in another elog entry.

  6406   Tue Mar 13 16:56:19 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCevolution of the sensing matrix in PRMI as a function of time

Next steps:

  • Compare the obtained sensing matrix with an Optickle model. Particularly I am interested in the absolute strengths in watts/meter
  • Noise estimation of the REFL33_Q as a MICH sensor to see if this sensor is usable for holding MICH.

Quote from #6403

Tonight I measured the sensing matrix again but this time I recorded them as a function of time using the realtime LOCKINs in the LSC front end.

The attached plots are the responses (optical gains) of PRCL and MICH in watts / meter at various sensors in time series.

  6407   Tue Mar 13 19:14:40 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCNoise estimatino in the REFL33Q as a MICH sensor

A feasibility study of the REFL33Q as a MICH sensor was coarsely performed from the point view of the noise performance.

The answer is that :

  the REFL33Q can be BARELY used as a MICH sensor in the PRMI configuration, but the noise level will be at only sub-nano meter level.

  Tonight I will try to use the REFL33Q to control the MICH DOF to see what happens.

 

(Background)

  I neeeeeeeed a 3f signal which is sensitive enough to hold the Michelson in the PRMI configuration so that I can test the single arm + PRMI configuration.
Based on the data I got in the sensing matrix measurement (#6403) I wanted to see how noises in the REFL33Q look like.
 

(Noise analysis)

  I did a coarse noise analysis for the REFL33Q signal as shown in the attached plot below while making some assumptions as follows.

  •  Optical gain for MICH = 0.8  W/m (#6403)
    • In the plot below, I plotted a unsuppressed MICH motion which had been measured the other day with a different sensor. This is for a comparison.
  •  Shot noise due to DC light on the REFL33 photo diode
    •  With a power of 5.0 mW (#6355)
    • Assume that the responsivity is 0.75 A/W, this DC light creates the shot noise in the photo current at a level of 35 pA/sqrtHz.
    • Then I estimated the contribution of this shot noise in terms of the MICH displacement by calibrating the number with the optical gain and responsivity.
    • It is estimated to be at 60 pm/sqrtHz
  • Dark current
    • I assumed that the dark current is 0.52 mA. (see the wiki)
    • In the same manner as that for the shot noise, the dark current is estimated to be at 20 pm/sqrtHz in terms of the displacement
  • Whitening filter input referred noise
    • I assumed that it is flat with a level of 54 nV/sqrtHz based on a rough measurement by looking at the spectrum of the LSC input signals.
    • The contribution was estimated by applying some gain corrections from the conversion efficiency of the demod board, transimpedance gain, responsivity and the optical gain.
    • This noise is currently the limiting factor over a frequency range from DC to 1 kHz.
  • ADC noise
    • I did the same thing as that for the whitening filter noise.
    • I assumed the noise level is at 6 uV/sqrtHz and it is flat (I know this not true particularly at mHz region the noise becomes bigger by some factors)
    • Then I applied the transfer function of the whitening filter to roll off the noise above 15 Hz.

 NB_REFL33.png

(Some thoughts)

  •   Obviously the limiting noises are that of ADC and the whitening filter.
    • These noise can be easily mitigated by installing an RF amplifier to amplify the RF signals from the REFL33Q RFPD.
    • Therefore this is not the real issue
  • The real issue is that the shot noise is already at a level of 60 pm/sqrtHz, and we can't suppress the MICH motion less than that.
    • In order to decrease it, one possibility is to increase the modulation depth. But it is already at the maximum.
    • If the REFL165 RFPD is healthy, it is supposed to give us a bigger MICH signal. But it didn't look healthy ... (#6403)
  6409   Wed Mar 14 03:34:44 2012 kiwamuUpdateSUSAdjustment of BS suspension output matrix : coupling from SIDE to POS

[Rana / Kiwamu]

 We put some elements in the BS output matrix to mitigate the actuator coupling from SIDE to POS.

As a result the degree of the coupling reduced by a factor of 2 or so.

Rana did the "Q of 5" test on the SIDE damping servo after putting the elements and set the gain to be 40.

 

The attached screen shot is the new elements that we put in the suspension output matrix.

Untitled.png

 

(How to)

  • Excite the SIDE motion by AWG at 3 Hz.
  • Monitor the POS signal in DTT
  • Try some numbers in the matrix elements until the peak at 3 Hz in the POS signal is minimized

Quote from #6369

The BS SIDE damping gain seemed too low. The gain had been 5 while the rest of the suspensions had gains of 90-500.

I increased the gain and set it to be 80.

 

I did the "Q of 5" test by kicking the BS SIDE motion to find the right gain value.

However there was a big cross coupling, which was most likely a coupling from the SIDE actuator to the POS motion.

Due to the cross coupling, the Q of 5 test didn't really show a nice ring down time series. I just put a gain of 80 to let the Q value sort of 5.

I think we should diagonalize the out matrices for all the suspensions at some point.

 

  6410   Wed Mar 14 04:03:37 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOPZT1 and associate extra works

As the PZT1 has not been functional, I have been aligning the Y arm to the input beam instead of aligning the beam to the Y arm.

It turned out that this procedure leads to two extra works everytime after alignments of the Y arm:

  1. The Y green beam must be always aligned to the Y arm
    • The amount of the misalignment was found to be relatively big compared with how it used to be.
  2. The PSL beat note setup must be always realigned because the Y green path is determined by the orientation of the Y arm.
    • In the past I didn't often realign the beat note path, but currently it needs to be pay more attentions.

Sad ..

Quote from #6357

   The polarity for controlling the PZT1 PITCH seems to have flipped for some reason.

 

  6411   Wed Mar 14 04:19:51 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCREFL33Q for MICH control : not good

 I tried the REFL33Q for controlling MICH in the PRMI configuration (#6407)

The result was --

 It was barely able to lock MICH in a short moment but didn't stay locked for more than 10 sec. Not good.

 

The attached screenshot below shows a moment when the PRMI was locked with REFL33I and REFL33Q for PRCL and MICH respectively.
Apparently the lock was destroyed after 10 sec or so and it was locked again.
Untitled.png

 

(Tricks)

 At the beginning I tried minimizing the PRCL signal in the Q phase by rotating the demodulation phase because the PRCL signal was always huge.
However it turned out that the rotation of the demodulation phase didn't completely eliminate the PRCL signal for some reason.
 
This could be some kind of imbalance in the electronics or somewhere between the I and Q signal paths.
So instead, I tried blending the I and Q signals by a linear combination through the LSC input matrix.
Then I was able to eliminate the PRCL signal.
I put a gain of -0.1 for the I signal and 1 for the Q signal to get the good blend when the demodulation phase was at -17.05 deg.
  6414   Wed Mar 14 13:16:50 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCA correction on Noise estimatino in the REFL33Q

A correction on the previous elog about the REFL33Q noise:

 Rana pointed out that the whitening filter's input referred noise should not be such high (I have estimated it to be at 54 nV/sqrtHz).
In fact the measurement was done in a condition where no laser is on the photo diode by closing the mechanical shutter at the PSL table.
Therefore the noise I called "whitening filter input referred noise" includes the voltage noise from the RFPD and it could have such a noise level.
So the noise curve drawn in the plot should be called "whitening filter + RFPD electronics noise".

Quote from #6407

A feasibility study of the REFL33Q as a MICH sensor was coarsely performed from the point view of the noise performance.

  • Whitening filter input referred noise
    • I assumed that it is flat with a level of 54 nV/sqrtHz based on a rough measurement by looking at the spectrum of the LSC input signals.
    • The contribution was estimated by applying some gain corrections from the conversion efficiency of the demod board, transimpedance gain, responsivity and the optical gain.
    • This noise is currently the limiting factor over a frequency range from DC to 1 kHz.

 

  6426   Fri Mar 16 16:03:03 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOMC alignment servo : put some offsets in the TRANS QPD signal

The MC alignment servo wasn't great in the last 1 hour or so as it kept disturbing the MC lock. It was found to be due to some offsets in the MC trans QPD signals.

I put some values to cancel the offsets and then the lock became stable.

This is a first aid. So we need to take a closer look at the QPD signals and also probably the spot position on the QPD.

 


The symptom was that every time the alignment servo was engaged, at the beginning the amount of the transmitted light went to 27000 counts, which is good.

However, then the amount of the transmitted light slowly decreased in a time scale of ~ 20 sec or so, ending up with destruction of the MC lock.

According to the time scale I suspected that the servos using the trans QPD signals were doing something bad because their control width had been designed to be slow and slower than the rest of the servo loops.

I switched off the servos, called C1:IOO-TRANS_PIT and C1:IOO-TRANS_YAW and found the MC stayed locked stably with 27000 counts of the transmitted light.

Leaving the trans QPD servos off, I zeroed the offsets and then switched them on. It worked.

 

The values below are the current offset that I put.

                C1:IOO-MC2_TRANS_PIT_OFFSET = -0.115203
                C1:IOO-MC2_TRANS_YAW_OFFSET = -0.0323576
 

  6436   Thu Mar 22 16:45:06 2012 kiwamuUpdateCDSc1scx and c1scy not properly running

It seems that neither c1scx nor c1scy is working properly as their ADC counts are showing digital-zeros.

However the IOPs, c1gcx and c1gcy look running fine, and also the IOPs seem successfully recognizing the ADCs according to dmesg.

Also there is one more confusing fact : c1scx and c1scy are synchronizing to the timing signal somehow.

I restarted the c1scx front end model to see if this helps, but unfortunately it didn't work.

As this is not the top priority concern for now, I am leaving them as they are now with the watchgods off.

(I may try hardware rebooting them in this evening)

Quote from #6434

The power was turned back on at 4pm It took some time for Suresh to restart the computers. We have damping but things are not perfect yet. Auto BURTH did not work well.

 

  6437   Thu Mar 22 17:35:59 2012 kiwamuUpdateLockingmode profiles of the POP and POX beams : not bright enough

I tried to measure the beam profiles at the POP and POX ports as Koji mentioned in his entry (#6421).

However it turned out that the beam powers were too small to be measured with our beam scan at those ports.

So I will move on to measurements at the REFL port as Rana suggested because the laser power is much larger than that of POP and POX.

(If the data of the POP and POX beam profiles turn out to be very necessary, we will do the razor blade technique with a more sensitive photo diode)

Quote from #6421

More precise analysis can be done with quantitative analysis of those two spots with Beamscan. This could happen tomorrow.

 

  6440   Fri Mar 23 01:59:59 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOREFL beam currently unavilable

[Suresh / Kiwamu]

Currently the REFL beam is bypassed by additional mirrors and blocked by a razor blade dump.

Therefore the signals associated with the REFL ports (e.g. REFL11, REFLDC and etc.) are unavailable.

Just be aware of it.

  6444   Mon Mar 26 15:15:16 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOexpected beam profile of PRM reflection

I have estimated how the mode profile of the PRM reflection should be, as shown in the plot blow.

A conclusion here is :

   we should be able to constrain the PRM curvature situation if measurements are precise and accurate enough with a level of less than ~ 100 um

 

In the calculation two cases are considered :

      (1) PRM has the correct curvature of  +122 m. This is shown as solid curves in the plot.

      (2) PRM has a wrong curvature of - 122 m (mirror is flipped) This is shown as dashed curves in the plot. 

expected_edit.png

The plot above shows beam radii of the PRM reflections for vertical and horizontal profiles in each case.
The x-axis is distance from PRM in meter and the y-axis is the beam radii in mm.
As for the initial beam parameter, I used the measured values (see the wiki), which are that of after the beam exits from the mode matching telescope and before it goes to PRM.
 
(1) If PRM has the correct curvature, the reflection after it passes MMT1 will have ~ 1.6 mm beam radii.
This is intuitively correct because the beam profiles should match to that of the MC exiting beam  (see the wiki), which has waist size of 1.5 - 1.6 mm if everything is perfect.
(2) When PRM is flipped, the beam starts converging at the beginning as PRM act as a convex mirror, resulting in smaller beam sizes after it comes out from the telescope.
Roughly speaking the waist sizes will be different by ~ 5 mm between those two cases, so our measurement should be more precise and accurate than this number.

Note:

 I have omitted the effect from the PRM thickness. Therefore PRM is dealt as just a curved reflector with RoC of +/- 122 m in the calculation.

 

  6445   Mon Mar 26 16:25:44 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOexpected v.s. measured beam profile of PRM reflection

[Suresh / Kiwamu]

 We did the 2nd round of the PRM reflection mode scan on Friday.

It seems that the PRM curvature maybe correct if we look at the vertical mode, however but the horizontal mode doesn't seem to agree with any of the expected lines.

In order to increase the reliability of the measurement, we need to confirm the beam profile of the incident beam by looking at the IP-POS beam.

Right now Suresh and Keiko are mode-scanning the IP-POS beam.

 

 


The plot below shows both the expected beam profiles (see the detail in #6444) and the actual data. 

PRMreflection.png

This plot is the same as one shown in the previous entry (#6444) with newly added actual data.
The errorbar in each data point is the standard deviation obtained by 100 times of averaging.
In this plot I made the error bars 10 times bigger in order to let them visible in the plot, so the actual deviation is much lesser than they appear.
 

(Discussion)

 The vertical profile (shown in red) seems to be close to the curve for the correct PRM case.
However the horizontal profile has a bigger waist size of about  2 mm.
While measuring the waist size Suresh and I have noticed that the rotational angle of the scan head affects the measurement by 10% or so.
Of course in each data point we tried making the incident beam normal to the scan head by rotating the scan head.
But this 10% is not big enough to explain the discrepancy in the horizontal mode.
There are some possible scenario which can distort the beam shape in the horizontal direction:
  • Clipping at some optics. (Since the beam shape looked very Gaussian, the amount of the clipping could be very slight ?)
  • Astigmatism at some optics. (Possibly in the telescope ?)

(Some distances)

DSC_4001_small.jpg
 

(Some notes)

We did the following things prior to the measurement.

  • Put a boost filter in the PRM_OLYAW to suppress the beam jitter below 1 Hz.
  • Checked the MC WFS servo loop although it looked healthy.

Quote from #6444

I have estimated how the mode profile of the PRM reflection should be, as shown in the plot blow.

A conclusion here is :

   we should be able to constrain the PRM curvature situation if measurements are precise and accurate enough with a level of less than ~ 100 um 

 

  6446   Mon Mar 26 18:04:43 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOmode scan at the REFL port

For those who are interested in the actual data, I attache the actual data in zip file together with a python plot code.

The distance was set such that the 1st steering mirror (the one at the very left in the previous cartoon diagram #6445 ) in the REFL path is positioned at zero.


mode_profile.png

 

- - - Fitting results (chi-square fitting done by gnuplot):

All values are in unit of meter

# PRM (v) (Last tree points are excluded as the beam were clipped at the aperture of the beam scan)

w0          = 0.0015114        +/- 2.192e-05    (1.451%)
z0           = -4.46073         +/- 0.05605      (1.256%)

# PRM (h)

w0           = 0.00212796       +/- 1.287e-05    (0.6049%)
z0           = -2.53079         +/- 0.1688       (6.668%)

# ITM (v) (Last two points are excluded as the beam were clipped at the aperture of the beam scan)

w0           = 0.00190696       +/- 4.964e-05    (2.603%)
z0           = -8.09908         +/- 0.1525       (1.882%)

# ITM (h)

w0           = 0.0032539        +/- 4.602e-05    (1.414%)
z0           = -1.89484         +/- 1.524        (80.42%)

 

Attachment 2: REFLmodescan.zip
  6450   Tue Mar 27 02:46:28 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOREFL beam available

The dump and some temporary mirrors were removed and now the REFL beam is available again.

I locked PRMI with REFL signals, it locked as usual.

Quote from #6440

Currently the REFL beam is bypassed by additional mirrors and blocked by a razor blade dump.

  6471   Fri Mar 30 10:20:51 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSClocking last night

I was trying to make the DRMI lock more robust.

Increasing the gains of the oplev on SRM helped a lot, but the lock is still not solid enough for measurements.

According to some line injection tests, the SRCL and MICH signals show up in AS55Q with almost the same amplitudes.

I tried to diagonalize the input matrix (particularly MICH-SRCL in AS55) based on the result of the line injection tests, but I ran out the time.

Work continues.

  6474   Sat Mar 31 08:01:07 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI measurement

I have measured the sensing matrix of the DRMI although the lock still doesn't stay for a long time.

As for the noise budget, it looks very tough as there are more glitches than that in the PRMI.

In this weekend I will take some more trials in the DRMI lock until I am satisfied.

  6488   Thu Apr 5 06:27:51 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCAS110 sideband monitor installed

[Jenne / Kiwamu]

 We have installed a broad band PD in the AS path in order to monitor the 110 MHz signal associated with the SRC.

The PD is currently connected to the POP110 demodulation board and it seems working fine.

I know this is confusing but right now the signal appears as "POP110" in the LSC front end model.

 


  • Installed a 50% BS at the AS path
    • The AS beam is split to two path - one goes to AS55 and the other goes to the OSA.
    • The new BS is installed on the way of the OSA branch therefore AS55 isn't affected by the new BS.
  • Installed a PDA10A
    • This is a silicon diode with a bandwidth of 150 MHz, and is fast enough to detect the 110 MHz signals.
    • The 110 MHz signal seems going up to approximately -40 dBm according to a coarse measurement with an RF spectrum analyzer.
    • Also a SMA-style high pass filter, HPF-100, was attached to the output to cut off unnecessary sidebands (e.g. 11, 22 MHz and etc.)
  • Put a long BNC cable, which goes from the PD to LSC rack.
    • The end of the cable at the LSC rack was directly connected to the POP110 demod board.
    • The actual POP110 signal path is currently terminated by a 50 Ohm load and therefore this signal  is unavailable.
  • Adjustment of the demodulation phase
    • The demod phase was adjusted to be 7 deg in the EPICS screen. This phase minimize the Q-signal.
    • Locking PRMI with sidebands resonating makes the AS110 signal ~ a few counts and this level is still noticeable.
    • Perhaps we may need to put an RF amplifier to get the signal bigger.
  6489   Thu Apr 5 07:19:16 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI locking

 I tried locking the DRMI to the signal-extraction condition with the new trigger by AS110.

A first thing I tried was : flipping the control sign of the SRCL while keeping the same control setups for the PRCL and MICH.

Occasionally the DRMI was "sort of" locked and hence I believe this setup must be a good starting point.

As a next step I will try some different gains and demodulation phase to make it more lockable.

 


(Time series)

DRMI_2012Apr4_edit.png

 The picture above is time series of some signals when the DRMI was barely locked.
The red arrows indicate the durations when the DRMI was sort of locked.
 (Green curve) REFLDC becoming a high value state, which indicates that the carrier is anti-resonant.
 (Red curve) ASDC becoming dark, which indicates the MICH is in the vicinity of the dark condition.
 (Brown curve) AS110 becoming a high value state, which means the 55 MHz sidebands got amplified by the SRCL.
 (Blue curve) POP22 becoming a high value state, which indicates that the 11 MHz sidebands are resonating in the PRC.
 
According to the measurement of AS110 when PRMI was locked (#6488), the AS110 signal went up to ~ 1 counts or so.
On the other hand when the DRMI was locked the AS110 went to up more than 10 counts as shown in the plot above.
Therefore at least some kind of signal amplification is happening for the 55 MHz sidebands in the SRC.
Looking at the AS CCD, I found that the beam looked like a TEM01 mode (two beam spots at top and bottom) every time when the DRMI was locked.
 
(settings)
  • REFL33I => PRCL  G = -0.2
  • AS55Q => MICH    G = -6
  • AS55I => SRCL     G = 1   (G = -50 for the signal recycling condition)
  • AS55 demod phase = 17 deg
  6506   Sat Apr 7 01:56:05 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCOSA signal in DRMI condition

It wasn't a dream or illusion -- I was locking the DRMI to the right condition last Wednesday (#6489).

Here is a snap shot of the AS-OSA signal taken today when the DRMI was locked with the same control settings (#6489).

The blue curve is data taken when the PRMI was locked for comparison.

You can see that both the upper and lower 55 MHz sideband are amplified by the SRC.

OSA.png

 

(Some notes)

Currently SRM is slightly misaligned such that the MICH optical gain at AS55Q doesn't increase so much with the presence of SRM.

With this condition I was able to acquire the lock more frequently than how it used to be on the Wednesday.

The next step is to gradually align SRM, to optimize the controls and to repeat this process several times until SRM is fully aligned.

Quote from #6489

A first thing I tried was : flipping the control sign of the SRCL while keeping the same control setups for the PRCL and MICH.

Occasionally the DRMI was "sort of" locked and hence I believe this setup must be a good starting point.

  6508   Sat Apr 7 06:58:34 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI lock : lost good alignment

Somehow I lost the good alignment, where the lock can be frequently acquired and hence I didn't go further ahead.

I will try locking the DRMI during the weekend again. My goal is to take time series when the DRMI is being locked and sensing matrix.

Quote from #6506

Currently SRM is slightly misaligned such that the MICH optical gain at AS55Q doesn't increase so much with the presence of SRM.

With this condition I was able to acquire the lock more frequently than how it used to be on the Wednesday.

The next step is to gradually align SRM, to optimize the controls and to repeat this process several times until SRM is fully aligned.

 

  6512   Mon Apr 9 18:18:14 2012 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI time series

Here is a time series when the DRMI is being locked.

You can see that the AS110 goes up because the SRCL is engaged and amplifies the 55 MHz sidebands.

 time_series1.png

  7534   Fri Oct 12 01:56:26 2012 kiwamuUpdateGeneralAlignment situation of interferometer

[Koji / Kiwamu]

 We have realigned the interferometer except the incident beam.

 The REFL beam is not coming out from the chamber and is likely hitting the holder of a mirror in the OMC chamber.

So we need to open the chamber again before trying to lock the recycled interferometers at some point.

 

--- What we did

  •  Ran the MC decenter script to check the spot positions.
    • MC3 YAW gave a - 5mm offset with an error of about the same level.
    • We didn't believe in this dither measurement.
  •  Checked the IP-POS and IP-ANG trends.
    • The trends looked stable over 10 days (with a 24 hours drift).
    • So we decided not to touch the MC suspensions.
  • Tried aligning PRM
  • Found that the beam on the REFL path was a fake beam
    • The position of this beam was not sensitive to the alignment of PRM or ITMs.
    • So certainly this is not the REFL beam.
    • The power of this unknown beam is about 7.8 mW
  • Let the PRM reflection beam go through the Faraday
    • This was done by looking at the hole of the Faraday though a view port of the IOO chamber with an IR viewer.
  • Aligned the rest of the interferometer (not including ETMs)
    • We used the aligned PRM as the alignment reference
    • Aligned ITMY such that the ITMY reflection overlaps with the PRM beam at the AS port.
    • Aligned the BS and SRM such that their associated beam overlap at the AS port
    • Aligned ITMX in the same way.
    • Note that the beam axis, defined by the BS, ITMX  and SRM, was not determined by this process. So we need to align it using the y-arm as a reference at some point.
    • After the alignment, the beam at the AS port still doesn't look clipped. Which is good.

 

---- things to be fixed

   - Align the steering mirrors in the faraday rejected beam path (requires vent)

   - SRM oplev (this is out of the QPD range)

   - ITMX oplev (out of the range too)

  8866   Thu Jul 18 01:10:00 2013 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingALS Y performance with the new whitening filter

 

Awesome !

  9051   Thu Aug 22 10:20:32 2013 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI Locked for 1+ minute!!!!!!

Wonderful ! I like the video -- the spatial mode looks pretty clean and much cleaner than what I observed in the old days.

  2631   Tue Feb 23 13:37:04 2010 kiwamu and steveConfigurationVACventing the 40m vac envelope

Kiwamu and Steve have started venting the 40m vacuum envelope.

Preparation:

centered oplevs at resonating cavities,

ITM references were set by green pointer from the ends by Koji,

closed  PSL shutter and placed manual block into beam path,

checked  jamnuts in locked positions on bellows,

turned  HV off at PZT-Jena "steering mirror" power supply and OMC HV ps

checked  particle counts,

switched oplev servos off,

set up N2 cylinder to start vent from 1e-6 Torr to 25 Torr,

have ~ 6 cylinders of instrument grade compressed air to bring envelope from 25 Torr to 760 Torr

 

All three cranes were wiped off today.

 

  2636   Tue Feb 23 19:07:43 2010 kiwamu and steveConfigurationVACvent is completed

Quote:

Kiwamu and Steve have started venting the 40m vacuum envelope.

Preparation:

centered oplevs at resonating cavities,

ITM references were set by green pointer from the ends by Koji,

closed  PSL shutter and placed manual block into beam path,

checked  jamnuts in locked positions on bellows,

turned  HV off at PZT-Jena "steering mirror" power supply and OMC HV ps

checked  particle counts,

switched oplev servos off,

set up N2 cylinder to start vent from 1e-6 Torr to 25 Torr,

have ~ 6 cylinders of instrument grade compressed air to bring envelope from 25 Torr to 760 Torr

 

All three cranes were wiped off today.

 

 Kiwamu has completed the vent.

Attachment 1: vent2010feb23.jpg
vent2010feb23.jpg
  2444   Tue Dec 22 11:23:51 2009 kiwamu, SteveUpdateIOOMC relocked

In this morning I found MC unlocked.

Steve restored the watchdogs before I found that.

Then I relocked MC and now MC is locked and working well.

The reflected DC power is ~0.38, which is usual number.

 

  2707   Wed Mar 24 04:22:51 2010 kiwamu, mattUpdateGreen Lockingtwo NPRO PLL

Now some pedestals, mirrors and lenses are left on the PSL table, since we are on the middle way to construct a PLL setup which employs two NPROs instead of use of PSL laser.

So Please Don't steal any of them.

  2712   Wed Mar 24 15:59:59 2010 kiwamu, mattUpdateGreen Lockingleave PLL locked

Matt checked it in this morning and he found it's been locked during the night.

 

 

  2706   Wed Mar 24 03:58:18 2010 kiwamu, matt, kojiUpdateGreen Lockingleave PLL locked

We are leaving the PLL as it is locked in order to see the long term stability. And we will check the results in early morning of tomorrow.

DO NOT disturb our PLL !!

  


(what we did)

After Mott left, Matt and I started to put feedback signals to the temperature control of NPRO.

During doing some trials Matt found that NPRO temperature control input has an input resistance of 10kOhm.

Then we put a flat filter ( just a voltage divider made by a resistor of ~300kOhm and the input impedance ) with a gain of 0.03 for the temperature control to inject a relatively small signal, and we could get the lock with the pzt feedback and it.

In addition, to obtain more stable lock we then also tried to put an integration filter which can have more gain below 0.5Hz.

After some iterations we finally made a right filter which is shown in the attached picture and succeeded in obtaining stable lock.

 

 

 

Attachment 1: DSC_1402.JPG
DSC_1402.JPG
  2714   Thu Mar 25 17:29:48 2010 kiwamu, mottUpdateGreen LockingPLL two NPROs

In this afternoon, Mott and I tried to find a beat note between two NPROs which are going to be set onto each end table for green locking.

At first time we could not find any beats. However Koji found that the current of innolight NPRO was set to half of the nominal.

Then we increased the current to the nominal of 2A, finally we succeeded in finding a beat note.

Now we are trying to lock the PLL.

P.S. we also succeeded in acquiring the lock

 

nominal setup
  innolight  lightwave
T [deg] 39.75 37.27
current [A] 2 2
laser power [mW] 950 700


  2462   Mon Dec 28 23:56:44 2009 kiwamu, ranaUpdateComputersadd the HILO drift channels to the burt

The HIGH and LOW channels are added into the burt request file "/target/c1losepics/autoBurt.req".

These values are used to colorize the alarm texts in the "C1DRIFT_MONITOR.adl" like a threshold. (the screenshot attached)

Hereafter these values will be automatically restored by the burt.  Happy !

Attachment 1: Screenshot_DRIFTMON.png
Screenshot_DRIFTMON.png
  2690   Sun Mar 21 20:08:20 2010 kiwamu, ranaUpdatePSLEOM wasit size

We are going to set the waist size to 0.1 mm for the beam going through the triple resonant EOM on a new PSL setup.

When we were drawing a new PSL diagram, we just needed to know the waist size at the EOM in order to think about mode matching.

waist.png

This figure shows the relation between the waist size and the spot size at the aperture of the EOM.

The x-axis is the waist size, the y-axis is the spot size. It is clear that there is a big clearance at 0.1 mm waist size. This is good.

Also it is good because the waist size is much above the damage threshold of the EO crystal (assuming 1W input).

The attached file is the python code for making this plot.

Attachment 2: waist.py.zip
  2464   Tue Dec 29 04:28:27 2009 kiwamu, rana, haixingUpdateCamerasNew Video Switch Installed

We have installed the new Video Matrix.

Its still in an intermediate state, so don't try to "fix" anything before Kiwamu and I get back onto it in the afternoon.

The status so far is that we have removed the old switch (it was a 256 input x 128 output !! mux)  and installed the new one in the same rack. We have hooked it up to the CDS network and have set up its matrix by using the web interface (i.e. NOT EPICS).


Along the way, we discovered that there is lack of impedance matching in the video all over the 40m. Video signals are RF and need to be treated that way. The PSL signals are T'd around and sent on 50 Ohm cables to high impedance monitor inputs.

We should eliminate any switches besides the new one (called Luciana) and control the PSL's Video Monitor from the main MUX interface. No more Rogue Video Switches.

 


Another couple of things we have found is about RCR camera.

(1) The long cable which connects the RCR camera box and the video matrix doesn't work. Although the signal is alive and we can see it by the local tv monitor nearby PSL.

(1) The reflected beam going to the camera is too weak to see in the monitor.  We found a strange polarized cube splitter in front of the camera. We should modify it sooner or later.

  2538   Thu Jan 21 11:08:30 2010 kiwamu, steveUpdateVACDry Pump replacement

 This morning I and Steve replaced  the dry fore pump of TP3, which is located under the y-arm.

After replacing it we confirmed vacuum normal condition. The fore line pressure of TP3 went down to 11 mTorr from 750 mTorr

  Attached picture is new pump after setup.

Attachment 1: DSCN0428.JPG
DSCN0428.JPG
  5261   Thu Aug 18 10:17:04 2011 kiwamu, steveUpdateSUSoplevs reestablished at Vertex

Kiwamu and Steve, from yesterday

PRM and BS oplev paths were relaid after setting 1/2 OSEM voltages. The incident beam on suspended optics are centered  within  ~ +- 2 mm

I noticed many unvected ss screws are used on the big Al table tops. The SS 1/4-20 screws

 used on the optical tables in vacuum MUST be VENTED!

Also, please use  SS clamps. Replace aluminum ones when you can. We have plenty baked ones.

 

 

  2676   Tue Mar 16 05:10:39 2010 kojiUpdateEnvironmentEarthquake, Mag 4.4

Some of the suspensions got watchdog tripped -> enabled -> damped.

The MC mirrors got slightly misaligned.

 

Attachment 1: 100316_MC_SUS.png
100316_MC_SUS.png
  2894   Fri May 7 11:21:49 2010 kojiUpdate40m UpgradingNew improved design for the 11MHz photodiode

How much is the width?

Quote:

 This should be better. It should also have larger resonance width.

 

  3577   Wed Sep 15 16:00:26 2010 koji, steveUpdateMOPA 

We removed the Lightwave MOPA Controller from 1X1 (south)  It was a real painfully messy job to pull out the umbilical.

Note: the umbilical is shading it plastic cover. It is functional but it has to be taken out side and cleaned. Do not remove it from it's plastic bag in a clean environment.

Now Joe has room for IOO chassy  in this rack.

We also removed the Minco temp controller and ref. cavity ion pump power supply.

 

  3578   Wed Sep 15 16:12:35 2010 koji, steveUpdateMOPAMOPA Controller is taken out of the PSL rack

We removed the Lightwave MOPA Controller, PA#102, NPRO206 power supply to make room for the IOO chassy at 1X1 (south) rack.

The umbilical cord was a real pain to take out. It is shading its plastic cover. The unused Minco was disconnected and removed.

The ref. cavity ion pump controller- power supply was temporarily taken out also.

Attachment 1: P1060843.JPG
P1060843.JPG
  3604   Fri Sep 24 00:56:35 2010 koji, taraUpdateElectronicstesting TTFSS

We found that a transistor was broken from yesterday spark too. We partially fixed TTFSS, and it should be enough for  testing purpose.

 

From yesterday test, we found that the RF amplifier for LO signal was broken. There was no spare at the electronic shop at Downs,

so we shorted the circuit for now.  Another part which was broken too was a transistor, Q3 PZT2222A, on D0901846.

It was removed and two connections, which are for Q3's 1 and 3 legs, are shorted. Now the voltages out from the regulators are back to normal.

 

We are checking a MAX333A switch, U6A on D0901894. it seems that the voltage that controls the switch disappears.

There might be a bad connection somewhere. This will be investigated next.

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