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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  4720   Sun May 15 14:01:56 2011 kiwamuUpdateIOOwiring diagram for IP-POS

Here is a wiring diagram which shows how IP-POS (new official name is IB_POS) is connected.

Another thing we have to remember is : at some point we will also connect some more QPDs (e.g. POX, POY, AS, REFL and POP) in the same way.

They will also be acquired by the same slow machine : c1iscaux.


Quote from #4704

IP_POS is back. 

Hopefully I will make a simple wiring diagram such that we will never forget the connections.

  4721   Sun May 15 19:10:12 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCCalibration of actuators : BS, ITMX and ITMY

The AC response of the actuators on BS, ITMX and ITMY were re-measured by another technique.

Last time I estimated them by measuring the open-loop transfer functions, but this time the responses were measured in a more direct way.

The measured AC responses (60 Hz - 200 Hz) are :

      BS   = 1.643e-98 / f2  [m/counts] (corrected based on the plot below - Manasa)

     ITMX = 3.568e-9 / f2 [m/counts]

     ITMY = 3.542e-9 / f2 [m/counts]

Next : measurement of the PRM actuator response

(The technique) 

 This time a technique that Rana told me a week ago was used.

This technique allows us to directly measure the response of an actuator at high frequency without any loop corrections.

First of all, MICH has to be locked to keep MICH within the linear range of the error signal. So now MICH is a linear sensor to the mirror motions.

In the MICH control a steep low pass filter should be inserted in order to avoid unwanted effects from the control loop at the high frequencies.

For example I put a low pass filter composed of an elliptical filter whose cut-off frequency is at 50 Hz such that the control loop doesn't push the mirrors above the cut-off frequency.

Hence the error signal of MICH above 50 Hz directly corresponds to the motion of the mirrors including BS, ITMX and ITMY.

Taking a transfer function from an actuator to the MICH error signal directly gives the actuator response.

In my measurements MICH was locked by feeding the signal back to BS. The plot below is the expected open-loop transfer function for the MICH control.


You can see that the open loop TF suddenly drops above 50 Hz. The UGF was at about 20 Hz, confirmed by looking at the loop oscillation on DTT.



 In the technique the error signal has to be calibrated to [m]. This time AS55_Q was used and calibrated based on a peak-to-peak measurement.

The peak to peak value in the MICH error signal was 8 counts, which corresponds to the sensor efficiency of 4.72e+07 [counts/m].

Then I took transfer functions from each suspension (i.e. C1:SUS-XXX_LSC_EXC) to the error signal at AS55_Q over a frequency range from 60 Hz to 200Hz.

For the transfer function measurements I ran the swept sine on DTT to get the data. Note that the PD whitening filters were on.

The plot below is the results of the measurements together with the fitting lines.


In the fitting I excluded the data pints at 60 Hz, because their coherence was low due to the power line noise.

  4722   Sun May 15 19:55:15 2011 kiwamuUpdatePhotosETMY optical bench

Just for a record. This is the latest picture of the ETMY optical bench.

I will upload this picture on the wiki after the wiki gets up.


  4724   Mon May 16 10:05:02 2011 kiwamuUpdatePhotosRe:ETMY optical bench

You are right. We should change or rotate the mirror mount.

Actually when Suresh and I were putting the mirror we rotated the mount  by 90 deg such that the fat side of the mount is at left had side.

It was because the fat side had been clipping the oplev beam when the fat side is at right.

At that moment we were blocking the green beam to only see the faint IR beam with a sensor card, so we haven't checked the green beam.

Anyway the mount is apparently not good for the green beam.

Quote from #4723

I didn't notice it the other day when I was working on putting in the trans QPD, but do we need to switch the mirror mount for the first turning mirror of the IR trans beam, which the green transmits through to go into the cavity?  It seems like we've set ourselves up for potential clipping.


  4726   Mon May 16 11:47:59 2011 kiwamuUpdateASSc1ass update part II

The medm screen for c1ass started being modified to be more user-friendly.

The modification is still ongoing, but the goal is to make a screen which anyone can easily understand and play with.


Still to do : ( need a volunteer )

- Modification of the screens

- Commission the input beam and X-arm servos

- Make scripts for X-arm

- Measure the PZT mirrors' matrix for the translation and angle


Quote from #4709

Here the status of the dither alignment or c1ass:

Still to do:

- Commission the input beam and X-arm servos

- Make scripts for X-arm


  4729   Tue May 17 01:05:56 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCAsymmetry measurement prep : recentering works

I re-centered beams on several PDs and a camera including :



The most important one was AS55.

When I was locking each arm I found that the error signal from AS55 was very coupled to the angular motion of the arms.

I checked the beam on the AS55 RFPD and found the beam on the edge of the photo diode. This is possibly because Valera and I had been touching the input beam alignment.

At that time the DC signal from AS55 without aligning PRM and SRM was about 5 mV.

Adjusting the beam position by a steering mirror brought the DC signal up to 20 mV.

Then the lock of each arm became more stable.

  4731   Tue May 17 16:53:22 2011 kiwamuUpdateSUSoplev sign was wrong on ETMY

Last night I found that the sign of the oplev control of PITCH on ETMY was wrong. I flipped it to the correct sign.

We've been locking the Y arm by feeding a signal back to ITMY  because pushing ETMY somehow made the lock unstable in the angular motion.

After the correction of the oplev contol sign, I was able to keep the lock robustly by pushing ETMY.

  4734   Tue May 17 19:38:32 2011 kiwamuUpdateSUSwrong connection on 1X5

Today Steve was working around the 1X5 rack to strain relief the cable jungles and the jungle is now getting less jungle.

During the work he disconnected and reconnected some cables.

So for a doublecheck I checked all the suspensions to see if the suspensions are still healthy or not.

Aha, then I found a mistake.


See the pictures below. It's a very subtle difference. This wrong connection prevented MC1 and MC3 from damping.

wrong.png correct.png

  4742   Wed May 18 18:48:46 2011 kiwamuUpdateElectronicsidentification of RFPD interface cables

[Haixing / Kiwamu]

 As a part of the Wednesday's cabling work, we spent some times for identifying the RFPD interface cables.

The RFPD interface cables are made of a 15 pin flat cable, containing DC power conductors for the RFPDs and the DC signal path.

The list below is the status of the interface cables.


- - - - RFPD name, (cable status) - - - -

- REFL11 (identified and labeling done)

- REFL33 (identified and labeling done)

- REFL55 (identified and labeling done)

- REFL165 (no cable found)

- AS55 (identified and labeling done)

- AS165 (identified and labeling done)

- POP22/110 (identified and labeling done)

- POX11 (identified and labeling done)

- POY11 (identified and labeling done)

- POY55 (identified and labeling done)

We still have two cables which are not yet identified. Their heads are around the LSC rack and labeled 'unidentified'

  4747   Thu May 19 03:13:54 2011 kiwamuUpdateElectronicsREFL11 not working

I took REFL11 out from the AS table for a health check because it wasn't working properly.

The symptoms were :

   - a big offset of ~ -3 V on the RF output. No RF signals.

   - The DC output seemed to be okay. It's been sensitive to light.

I did a quick check and confirmed that +/- 5V were correctly supplied to the op-amps.

It looks that the last stage (MAX4107) is saturated for some reasons. Need more inspections.

At the moment the REFL11 RFPD is on the bench of the Jenne laser.


  4749   Thu May 19 16:46:20 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCc1lsc model : input channels rearanged

According to Suresh's LSC rack design I rearranged the input channels of the c1lsc model such that the analog signals and the ADC channels are nicely matched.

Also I updated the c1lsc model in the svn with a help from Joe. The picture below is a screen shot of the input channels in the model file after I edited it.


  4753   Fri May 20 03:01:17 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSClocking status

(PRMI locking)

Since REFL11 has gone I tried locking the PRMI with combination of REFL55 and AS55.

Without any pain the lock of PRMI was achieved successfully. AS55 was used to sense MICH and REFL55 was used for PRC.



Additionally I was modifying several scripts which are invoked from C1IFO_CONFIGURE.adl. Some details about the scripts will be uploaded on the wiki later.

An important thing is that now we are able to use the "restore" commands for the Y arm, X arm, Michelson and PRM locking.

The scripts will automatically acquire the lock of each DOF.  The image below is just a screen shot of the medm screen where you can call the scripts.



( Still to do)

   * PRM actuator response measurement

   * PRC noise budget

   * MICH-PRC actuator decoupling

  4754   Fri May 20 03:29:04 2011 kiwamuUpdateCDSBinary IO box on 1X5 : LEDs off

[Steve / Kiwamu]

 When Steve was working on the strain reliefs on 1X5 he found that some LEDs on the back side of the binary IO boxes were off.

There are 4 binary IO boxes and their power are directly supplied from Sorensens. According to the display of the Sorensens, the power are correctly generated.

Steve and I checked a picture of the boxes taken before he started working and we found it's been like this.

It might be just a problem of the LEDs or the fuses are blown, but anyway it needs an inspection.

Here is a picture of the back side of the boxes. You can see some LEDs are on and some are off.


  4757   Sat May 21 06:19:46 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI trial : no luck

I will try with POY55 that Koji prepared today.

  4759   Mon May 23 00:36:51 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI trial : sucess

Eventually the DRMI was locked.

I was struggling to find a good signal port for SRC over the weekend and finally found AS55_I worked somehow. I used :

   REFL11_I --> PRC

   AS55_Q   --> MICH

   AS55_I    --> SRC

A configuration script was prepared such that someone can try this configuration by clicking a button on the C1IFO_CONFIGURE.adl screen.

I don't think this signal extraction scheme is the best, but now we can find better signal ports by shaking each DOF and looking at each signal port.

More details will be reported in the morning.


I will try with POY55 that Koji prepared today.


  4760   Mon May 23 12:27:26 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI trial : details

(PRMI locking with slightly misaligned SRM)

 First I tried locking PRC and MICH with a little bit misaligned SRM. This condition allowed me to search for a good signal port for SRC.

In this locking, REFL11_I was used to lock PRC and AS55_Q was used for MICH. This is the same scheme as the current PRMI locking.

Since the alignment of SRM was close to the good alignment, I expected to see fringes from SRC in some signal ports (i.e. REFL55, POY55 and so on).

Sometimes a fringe of SRC disturbed AS55_Q and broke the MICH locking, so I had to carefully misalign SRM so that the SRC fringes are small enough to maintain the lock of MICH.


(Looking for a good signal port for SRC)

 After I locked the PRMI with slightly misaligned SRM, I started looking for a good signal port for SRC.

At the beginning I tried finding a good SRC port by shaking SRM at 100 Hz and looked at the power spectra of all the available LSC signals.

I was expecting to see a 100 Hz peak in the spectra, but this technique didn't work well because SRC wasn't within the linear range and hence didn't produce linear signals.

So I didn't see any strong signals at 100 Hz and finally gave up this technique.

Then I started looking for a PDH-like signal in time series and immediately found AS55_I showed large PDH-like signals.

So I started using the AS55_I for the SRC locking and eventually succeeded.


(Two tips for the DRMI locking)

During the locking of DRMI, I found two tips that made the locking quite smooth.

 - Triggered locking

   Since every LSC signal ports showed large signals from PRC somehow, feeding back the signals made the suspensions crazy.

   So I used triggered locking for the PRC and MICH locking to avoid unwanted kicks on BS and PRM.

   If  the DC of REFL goes above a certain level, the control of  PRC starts. Also if the DC of AS goes below a certain level the control of MICH starts.

  These triggers make the lock smoother.

 - Do not use resonant gain filters

  This is really a stupid tip. When I was trying to lock MICH, the lock became quite difficult for some reasons.

  It looked there was an oscillation at 3 Hz every time the MICH control started. It turned out that a 3 Hz resonant gain filter had been making it difficult.

  All the resonant gain filters should be off when a lock acquisition is taken place.

Quote from #4759

Eventually the DRMI was locked.

More details will be reported in the morning.


  4761   Mon May 23 14:28:23 2011 kiwamuConfigurationLSCPOY55 installed

Last Saturday the POY55 RFPD (see this entry) was installed on the ITMY optical bench for the trial of the DRMI locking.

Since the amount of the light coming into the diode is tiny, the DC monitor showed ~ 3 mV even when the PRC was locked to the carrier.

In order to amplify the tiny RF signal from the photo diode a ZHL amplifier was installed next to the RFPD. The RF amp is sitting on delrin posts for insulation from the table.


  4762   Mon May 23 18:10:41 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCf2p filters on PRM : not good

During the DRMI trial I noticed that the f2p filters on PRM is not quite effective (i.e. pushing PRM in POS direction makes misalignments).

I checked the f2p filters in an easy way. I pushed POS at 0.01 Hz with an amplitude of 1000 counts and looked at the oplev error signals with / without the f2p filters.

The picture below is a time series of the POS excitation, the oplev's PITCH and YAW error signals.

You can see there still is a big coupling from POS to YAW after the f2p filters were enabled. (Its supposed to be like this)

I will redo the f2p measurement on PRM.


  4797   Wed Jun 8 23:17:25 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCDRMI output matrix diagonalization

Approximately two weeks ago I diagonalized the LSC output matrix for the DRMI locking.

Since actuation on the position of BS changes not only MICH but also PRC and SRC, we needed to diagonalize the output matrix.


- What I did :

 (1) The DRMI was locked. At this point PRC, MICH and SRC was controlled by PRM, BS and SRC actuators respectively.

 (2) I injected excitation signal on C1:LSC-MICH_EXC by awg. The excitation was at about 200 Hz, which is above the UGF of all the LSC loops.

    At this point the excitation only shakes the position of BS.

 (3) I looked at spectra of REFL11_I, AS55_Q, AS55_I, that were used to sense PRC, MICH and SRC respectively.

   At the beginning I was able to see the peak due to the excitation in those spectra. This means BS shakes the other DOFs (i.e. PRC and SRC) as well as MICH.

 (4) To minimize the coupling from MICH to PRC (or SRC), I tuned a number on an element of the output matrix, which transfers the signal from MICH to PRM (or SRM).

   This business was done by looking at the peak on REFL11_I (or AS55_I) and minimizing it. Since this technique was too naive the tuning was done only in second decimal place.


  4799   Thu Jun 9 12:21:07 2011 kiwamuUpdatePSLRe : PMC needs help

Nulling the slow actuation offset fixed the issue. Now PMC is back to normal.


The reflected beam on the CCD was quite symmetric (it looked very TEM00 mode !) for some reasons, I somehow suspected the mode matching to PMC.

One possibility I thought of was the laser temperature because it could change the laser spatial mode.

So I looked at the slow actuation offset on the FSS screen and found it was at -4.0 which sounds somewhat big.

Then I zeroed the offset by the slider and relocked PMC.

Then the spatial pattern of the reflected beam became usual (i.e. junk light looking) and the transmitted light wet up to 0.83 which is normal.

Quote from #4798

The PMC is losing power.


  4801   Thu Jun 9 18:25:22 2011 kiwamuHowToCDSlook back a channel which doesn' exist any more

For some purposes I looked back the data of some channels which don't exist any more.  Here I explain how to do it.

If this method is not listed on the wiki, I will put this instruction on a wiki page.


(How to)

   (1) Edit an "ini" file which is not associated to the real-time control (e.g. IOP_SLOW.ini)

   (2) In the file, write a channel name which you are interested in. The channel name should be bracketed like the other existing channels.

               example:  [C1:LSC-REFL11_I_OUT_DAQ]

   (3) Define the data rate. If you want to look at the full data, write

              datarate = 2048

        just blow each channel name.

        Or if you want to look at only the trends, don't write anything.

   (4) Save the ini file and restart fb. If necessary hit "DAQ Reload" button on a C1:AAA_GDS_TP.adl screen to make the indicators green.

   (5) Now you should be able to look at the data for example by dataviewer.

   (6) After you finish the job, don't forget to clean up the sentences that you put in the ini file because it will always show up on the channel list on dtt and is just confusing.

        Also don't forget to restart fb to reflect the change.

  4802   Thu Jun 9 20:10:38 2011 kiwamuUpdateSUSETMY whitening filter : all off

I checked the state of the whitening filters for the ETMY shadow sensors.

Result : They've been OFF  (i.e. flat response).


(measurement and setup)

 I measured the transfer functions of the whitening board (D000210) by looking at the signal before and after the whitening stage.

 The whitening board handles five signals; UL, UR, LR, LL and SD, and there are five single-pin lemo outputs for each signal on the front panel.

A good thing on those lemo monitors is that their signals are monitored before the whitening stages.

Rana suggested me to use these signals for the denominator of the transfer functions and consider the sensor signals as excitation signals.

So I plugged those signals into extra ADC channels via an AA-board and measured the transfer functions.

In the measurement the coherence above 4 Hz was quite small while the suspension was freely swinging.

Therefore I had to excite the ETMY suspension by putting random noise in a frequency band from 5 Hz to 35 Hz to obtain better coherence.



 The response is flat over frequency range from ~ 0.2 Hz to ~40 Hz, see the plot below. 

According to the spectrum of each signal the measurements above 10 Hz are just disturbed by the ADC noise.

If the whitening filters are ON, a pole and zero are expected to appear at 30 Hz and 3 Hz respectively according to the schematic, but no such features.



  4806   Fri Jun 10 18:49:40 2011 kiwamuUpdateIOOIntensity Noise after the MC

Last night the relative intensity noise (RIN) of the beam after MC was measured.

It looks like the RIN is dominated by the motion of the MC mirrors, possibly the angular motions because we don't have any angular stabilization servos.

Suresh will estimate the contribution from the MC mirrors' angular motion to the RIN in order to see if this plot makes sense.



 The spectrum below 30 Hz seems to be dominated by the motion of the MC suspensions because it very resembles the spectra of those.

Above 30 Hz the spectrum becomes somehow flat, which I don't know why at the moment.

A rough estimation of the shot noise gave me a level of 10^{-9} RIN/sqrtHz, which is way below the measured spectrum.




 All of the suspended mirrors were intentionally misaligned except for the MC mirrors and PRM to avoid interference from the other optics.

In this setup it allows us to measure the intensity noise of the laser which is transmitted from MC.

The beam transmitted from MC is reflected by PRM and finally enters into the REFL11 RFPD.

The DC signal from the RFPD was acquired at C1:LSC-REFL_DC_DQ as the laser intensity.

As well as the RIN measurement I took a spectrum when the beam is blocked by a mechanical shutter on the PSL table.

This data contains the dark noise from REFL11 and circuit noise from the whitening, AA board and ADC. It is drawn in black in the plot.

The cut off at 15 Hz is possibly due to the digital unwhitening (two poles at 15 Hz and two zeros at 150 Hz) filter to correct the analog whitening filter.

  4824   Wed Jun 15 15:18:01 2011 kiwamuUpdateGeneralWednesday cleaning

[Jenne / Kiwamu]

We spent approximately an hour for the weekly Wednesday cleaning.

This time we moved onto an area where a desk and optics shelf reside along the Y arm.

We will continue cleaning up there in the next time too.

  4832   Fri Jun 17 16:05:07 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLLightWave out of MOPA box

[Suresh / Kiwamu]

 We did the following things :

   - Took the LightWave NPRO out from the MOPA box

   - Temporarily took out the laser controller which has been connected to the Y end laser.

   - Put the LightWave on AP table and plugged the laser controller and confirmed that it still emits a beam



[Things to be done]

   - measure the beam profiles and power

   - get a laser controller, which will be dedicated for this laser, from Peter King


[Background and Motivation]

 The PRC and SRC length have to be precisely measured before the vent.

In order to measure those absolute length we are going to use the Stochino technique, which requires another laser to scan the cavity profiles.

The LightWave NPRO laser in the MOPA box was chosen for the Stochino laser because it has a large PZT range of 5 MHz/V and hence allows us to measure a wider frequency range.

The laser in the MOPA box had been connected to home-made circuits, which are not handy to play with. So we decided to use the laser with the usual laser controller.

Peter King said he has a LightWave laser controller and he can hand it to us.

Until we get the controller from him we do some preparations with temporary use of the Y end laser controller.

  4835   Mon Jun 20 00:59:02 2011 kiwamuSummaryGeneralWeekly report
This is a summary for the week ending June 19th. Feel free to edit this entry.
(Number of elog entries = 27)

* Refinement of LSC screen
    -> Kissel buttons and some indicators were newly installed
    -> A script to autonatically generate kissel buttons was made

* New BIO installed on ETMY

* LightWave for ABSL
    -> taken out from the MOPA box and put on the AP table with temporary use of the Y end laser controller
* Shipping 2 RFPDs to LLO
* LEDs on the BIO for the vertex suspensions were blown
    -> fixed and re-installed. A test script will be prepared
* PEM AA board was fixed
* A plot of the MICH noise was produced for the first time
* Schnupp asymmetry measurement : Las = 3.64+/-0.32cm
* The photo diode on WFS2 has been replaced by YAG-444-4A
* SUS binary IO crates were taken out
* Fiber died
     ->C1LSC was unable to communicate to C1SUS. Installing a new copper Dolphine fixed the issue.
* SURF students came
  4840   Mon Jun 20 11:38:49 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLI-P curve of LightWave M126-1064-700

The I-P curve of the LightWave NPRO (M126-1064-700), which was taken out from the MOPA box, was measured. It looks healthy.

The output power can go up to about 1 W, but I guess we don't want it to run at a high power to avoid any further degradation since the laser is old.



 X-axis is the current read from the display of the controller. Y-axis is the output power, directly measured by Coherent PM10.

The measurement was done by changing the current from the controller.

Quote from #4832

 [Things to be done]

   - measure the beam profiles and power

   - get a laser controller, which will be dedicated for this laser, from Peter King

  4850   Tue Jun 21 20:35:50 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCa script to measure sensing matrix

Last night I was making a script which will measure the sensing matrix using the realtime LOCKIN module.

The script is a kind of expansion of Jamie's one, which measure the asymmetry, to more generic purpose.

It will shake a suspended optic of interest and measure the response of each sensor by observing the demodulated I and Q signals from the LOCKIN module.

I will continue working on this.


  (current status)

 - made a function that drives the LOCKIN oscillator and get the data from the I and Q outputs.

 - checked the function with the MICH configuration.

   ITMX, ITMY and BS were shaken at 100 Hz and at different time.

   Then the response of AS55_Q showed agreement with what I got before for the actuator calibration (see this entry).

   It means the function is working fine.

Attachment 1: elog.png
  4851   Tue Jun 21 23:29:41 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCsensing matrix measurement

I am now measuring the sensing matrix in the DRMI configuration.

A goal of tonight is to measure the sensing matrix as a test of the script.


The result will be updated later.

  4855   Wed Jun 22 15:24:10 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLgot a laser controller for LightWave

Peter King came over to the 40m with a laser controller and gave it to us.

We will test it out with the LightWave NPRO, which was used for MOPA.

Attachment 1: DSC_3150.JPG
Attachment 2: DSC_3153.JPG
  4857   Wed Jun 22 17:42:03 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCsensing matrix measurement

The sensing matrix was measured in the DRMI configuration for the first time.

The measurement was done by an automatic script and the realtime LOCKIN module built in the c1lsc model.

The resultant matrix is still too primitive, so I will do some further analysis.


(Measurement of sensing matrix)

 The quantities we want to measure are the transfer functions (TFs) from displacement (or change in optical phase) of each DOF to sensors in unit of [counts/m].

So essentially the measurement I did is the same as the usual TF measurement. The difference is that this measurement only takes TFs at a certain frequency, in this case 283 Hz.

 The measurement goes in the following order :

  (1) Lock DRMI

  (2) Shake an optic of interest longitudinally with an amplitude of 1000 counts at 283.103 Hz, where no prominent noise structures are present in any spectra of the sensor signals.

  (3) Put a notch filter at the same frequency of 283.103 Hz in each DOF (MICH, PRC and SRC) to avoid unwanted suppression due to the control loops.

       (This technique is essentially the same as this one, but this time the control loops are shut off only at a specific frequency )

       The notch filter I put has a depth of 60 dB and Q of 20. The filter eats the phase of ~10 deg at 200 Hz, which still allow servos to run with a high UGF up to 200Hz.

  (4) Take the output signal from a signal port of interest (i.e. REFL11_I, etc.,) and then put it into the realtime LOCKIN module.

  (5) Measure the resultant I and Q signals coming out from the LOCKIN module.

  (6) Repeat the procedure from (2) through (5) for each optic and sensor.



 Again, the resultant sensing matrix is still primitive, for example the optic-basis should be converted into the DOF basis.

The values listed in the matrix below is the absolute values obtained by operation of sqrt( I^2 + Q^2) plus the polarity according to the output from I and Q of LOCKIN.

Therefore they still contain the actuator response, which is not desired. i will calibrate them into [counts/m] later by using the calibration factor of the actuator responses.

All the raw data showed the relative phase between I and Q either ~ 127 deg or ~ -53 deg.

In my definition, the one has 127 deg is plus polarity and the one has -53 deg is minus polarity.

Technically speaking the polarity depends on the polarity of the actuator and also the direction of the actuator against the DOFs.

Without any excitation the absolute values fluctuated at about 10-4 - 10-5, so the excitation amplitude was big enough to observe the sensing matrix.

Though, I still need to estimate the statistical errors to make sure the SNR is reasonably big.



  Fig.1 Measured sensing matrix from optic to sensors.


(Things to be done)

  - convert the optic-basis (i.e. BS, ITMs, PRM and SRM) to the DOF-basis (i.e. MICH, PRC and SRC) so that the matrix is understandable from point of view of the interferometer control.

  - estimate the optimum demodulation phase for each DOF at each sensor port.

  - add some statistical flavors (e.g. error estimations and so on.)

  - edit the script such that it will keep watching the ADC overflows and the coherence to make sure the measurement goes well.

  - add some more signal ports (e.g. REFL55, POY55 and etc.)

  - compare with an Optickle model

Quote from #4851

The result will be updated later.


  4863   Thu Jun 23 05:22:51 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCPRMI locking : not stable enough

I was trying to measure the sensing matrix in the PRMI configuration, but basically gave up.

It is mainly because the lock of PRMI wasn't so stable and it didn't stay locked for more than a minute.

It looked like an angular motion fluctuated a lot around 1- 3 Hz. The beam spot on the AS camera moved a lot during the lock.

I have to figure out who is the bad suspension and why.

  4867   Thu Jun 23 21:34:21 2011 kiwamuUpdateCDSno foton on the CentOS machines

For some reasons foton's deafault sample rate is NOT correct when it runs on the CentOS machines.

It tries to setup the sample rate to be 2048 Hz instead of 16384 Hz until you specify the frequency.

To avoid an accidental change of the sample rate,

running foton on CentOS is forbidden until any further notifications.

Run foton only on Pianosa.


Additionally I added an alias sentence in cshrc.40m such that people can not run foron on CentOS (csh and tcsh, technically speaking).

Below is an example of raw output when I typed foron on a CentOs machine.

    DO NOT use foton on CentOS

  4871   Thu Jun 23 22:53:02 2011 kiwamuUpdateCDSran activateDQ.py

I found some DQ channels (e.g. SENSOE_UL and etc.) for C1SUS haven't been activated, so I ran activateDQ.py.

Then I restarted daqd on fb as usual. So far the DQ channels look working fine.

  4872   Thu Jun 23 22:59:45 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLI-P curve of LWE

 The I-P curve was measured again, but this time in a lower current range of 1.0-1.9 [A].

The plot below is the latest I-P curve.



Based on the measurement and some thoughts, I decided to run this laser at about 1.8 [A] which gives us a middle power of ~ 360 [mW].

In the 40m history, the laser had been driven at 2.4 [A] in years of approximately 2006-2009, so it's possible to run it at such a high power,

but on the other hand Steve suggested to run it with a smaller power such that the laser power doesn't degrade so fast.


  The laser controller handed from PK (#4855) was used in this measurement.

The nominal current was tuned to be 1.8 [A] by tuning a potentiometer on the laser head (see page.18 on the manual of LWE).

There was a huge bump around 1.4 [A] and sudden power drop at 1.48 [A] although I don't know the reason.

Quote from #4842

The old days the NPRO ( inside the MOPA ) was running ~1.7A  500 mW

  4874   Fri Jun 24 00:13:24 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLbeam profile measurement of LWE

The beam profile of the LWE (LightWave Electronics) NPRO was measured.

Mode matching telescopes will be designed and setup soon based on the result of the measurements.


Here is a plot of the measured beam profile.


 (some notes)

The measurement was done by using Kevin's power attenuation technique (#3030).

An window was put just after the NPRO and the reflected beam was sampled for the measurement to avoid the beam scan saturated.

  4884   Sat Jun 25 06:09:38 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCFriday locking

I was able to measure the sensing matrix in the PRMI configuration.

The results will be posted later.

  4885   Sun Jun 26 16:02:12 2011 kiwamuUpdateIOOFriday MC activity

[Rana / Kiwamu]

 Last Friday we did several things for MC :

   - aligned the incident beam to MC

   - increased the locking gain by 6 dB and modified the auto-locker script accordingly

   - improved the alignment of the beam on the MC_REFLPD photo diode



 In the beginning of the work, we wanted to know what RF frequency components are prominent in the reflection from MC.

Since the WFS circuits are capable for two RF notches, we wanted to determine which frequencies are appropriate for those notches.

So for the purpose we tried searching for unwanted RF components in the reflection.

However during the work, we found several things that needed to be fixed, so we spent most of the time for improving the MC locking.


(Some notes)

 - Alignments of the incident beam

At the beginning, the reflection from MC was about 2.2 in C1:IOO-REFLDC and the lock of MC had been frequently unlocked.

This situation of high reflection seemed to be related to a work done by Suresh (#4880).

Rana went to the PSL table and tweaked two input steering mirrors in the zig-zag path, and finally the reflection went down to ~ 0.8 in C1:IOO-REFLDC.

This work made the lock more robust.


 - Change of the locking gain

 After the alignment of the incident beam, we started looking at the time series of the MC_REFLPD signal with an oscilloscope as a start point.

What we found was a significant amount of 30 kHz components. This 30 kHz oscillation was thought be a loop oscillation, and indeed it was so.

We increased the loop gain by 6 dB and then the 30 kHz components disappeared successfully.

So the nominal locking gain of MC is now 11 dB in C1:IOO-MC_REFL_GAIN. The auto locker script was also modified accordingly.


- RF components in the MCREFL signal

After those improvements mentioned above, we started looking at the spectrum of the MCREFL PD using the spectrum analyzer HP8590.

The 29.5 MHz component was the biggest components in the spectrum. Ideally this 29.5 MHz signal should be zero when MC is locked.

One possible reason for this big 29.5 MHz signal was because the lock point was off from the resonant point.

We tweaked the offset in the MC lock path using a digital offset, C1:IOO-MC-REFL_OFFSET.

We found an offset point where the 29.5MHz signal went to the minimum, but didn't go to zero.


(works to be done)

So it needs some more works to investigate the cause of nonzero 29.5 MHz signal as well as investigation of what RF components should be notched out.

A good start point would be writing a GPIB interface script such that we can get the spectra from HP8590 without any pains.

  4890   Mon Jun 27 10:04:29 2011 kiwamuSummaryGeneralWeekly report

 Summary for the week ending June 26th.  (Number of elog entries = 53)

  A BIO installed on 1X2.
  A peak finding script was prepared for diagonalization of the OSEM input matrices
  The suspension readout coefficients were changed to have unit of [um] and [urad] in each signal.
    LWE NPRO controller was brought by Peter King.
    The I-P cuvre and beam profile was measured. Nominal current was chosen to 1.8 [A].
    The access tube between PSL and AS table was back in place.
   The REFL55 characterization was analyzed (impedance gain = 615 Ohm, shot noise intercept current = 1.59 mA )
- MC
   WFS1 check, the 29MHz resonance need to be adjusted.
   The MC locking gain was increased by 6 dB to avoid an oscillation at 30 kHz.
  The sensing matrices were measured in DRMI configuration and PRMI configuration
- Fiber experiment
   QPDY_PD was repositioned to accommodate the fiber stuff on the ETMY table.
   Succeeded in introducing the IR beam into the fiber coupler.
- TT characterization
    Th optic bench next to MC2 was cleaned up and leveled
- Vent list wiki page
   A wiki page was made for the vent detailed plan.
  A foton's malfunction was found. It can run correctly only on Pianosa.
  Some Dell machines were gone to Rod Luna
- 40m specfic safety training for the SURFs
  4898   Tue Jun 28 14:21:41 2011 kiwamuUpdateIOOsomething wrong ? : Power incident on REFL11 and REFL55

The measured change in the REFL DC power with and without PRM aligned seems unacceptably small.  Something wrong ?

The difference in the power with and without PRM aligned should be more than a factor of 300.

         [difference in power] = [single bounce from PRM] / [two times of transmission through PRM ]

                                          = (1-T) / T^2 ~ 310,

where T is the transmissivity of PRM and T = 5.5% is assumed in the calculation.

Also the reflectivity of MICH is assumed to be 1 for simplicity.

Quote from #4894

We now have (with the PRM misaligned):

REFL11:  Power incident = 7.60 mW ;  DC out = 0.330 V  => efficiency = 0.87 A/W

REFL55:  Power incident = 23 mW ;  DC out = 0.850 V  => efficiency = 0.74 A/W

and with the PRM aligned::

REFL11:  DC out = 0.35 V  => 8 mW is incident

REFL55: DC out = 0.975 V  => 26 mW is incident


  4899   Tue Jun 28 15:20:08 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCsensing matrix measurement in PRMI configuration

Here is the result of the measurement of the sensing matrix in the PRMI configuration.

If we believe the resultant matrix, it is somewhat different from what we expected from a finesse simulation (summary of simulated sensing matrix).



As a part of the DRMI test plan, we wanted to check the sensing matrices and consequently diagonalize the LSC input matrix.

The matrix of the DRMI configuration has been measured (#4857), but it was a bit too complicated as a start point.

So first in order to make sure we are doing a right measurement, we moved onto a simpler configuration, that is PRMI.



The technique I used was the same as before (#4857) except for the fact that SRM wasn't included this time.

   - PRC was locked to the carrier resonant point. The UGF of MICH and PRC were ~ 110 Hz and 200 Hz respectively.

   - Longitudinally shook BS, ITMs and PRM at 283.103 Hz with an amplitude of 1000 counts using the LOCKIN oscillator in C1LSC.

   - Took the I and Q phase signals from the LOCKIN outputs.

The table below is the raw data obtained from this measurement :



(Conversion of matrix)

 With the matrix shown above, we should be able to obtain the sensing matrix which gives the relation between displacements in each DOF to each signal port.

The measured matrix connects two vectors, that is,

       (signal port vector) = [Measured raw matrix] (SUS actuation vector),   -- eq.(1)


       (signal port vector) = (AS55_I, AS55_Q, REFL11_I, REFL11_Q)T   in unit of [counts],

    (SUS actuation vector) = (BS, ITMX, ITMY, PRM)T   in units of [counts].

Now we break the SUS actuation vector into two components,

       (SUS actuation vector [counts])  = (actuator response matrix [m/counts])-1 * (MICH, PRM [m] )^T   -- eq.(2)


       (actuator response matrix) =  2.05x10-13 * ( [1   ,  0.217, -0.216,   0  ],

                                                 [ 0.5,  0.109 -0.108, 0.862]  )  in unit of [m/counts]

These values are coming from the actuator calibration measurement.

In the bracket all the values are normalized such that BS has a response of 1 for MICH actuation.

Combining eq.(1) and (2) gives,

     (signal port vector) = (measured raw matrix) * (actuator response matrix)-1 * (MICH, PRM)T

And now we define the sensing matrix by

     (sensing matrix) = (measured raw matrix) * (actuator response matrix)-1

The sensing matrix must be 4x2 matrix.

For convenience I then converted the I and Q signals of each port into the absolute value and phase.

       ABS = sqrt((AAA_I)2 +(AAA_Q)2 ),

       PHASE = atan (AAA_Q / AAA_I),

where AAA is either AS55 or REFL11.


(Resultant matrix)

The table below is the resultant sensing matrix.

ABS represents the strength of the signals in unit of [cnts/m], and PHASE represents the demodulation phases in [deg].


There are several things which I noticed :

   - The demodulation phase of MICH=>AS55 and PRC=>REFL11 are close to 0 or 180 deg as we expected.

      This is a good sign that the measurement is not something crazy.

   - AS55 contains a big contribution from PRC with a separation angle of 152 deg in the demodulation phase.

     In AS55 the signal levels of MICH and PRC were the same order of magnitude but PRC is bigger by a factor of ~4.

     However the finesse simulation (see wiki page) shows a different separation angle of 57 deg and MICH is bigger by factor of ~6.

  - REFL11 is dominated by PRC. The PRC signal is bigger than MICH by a factor of ~100, which agrees with the finesse simulation.

    However the separation angle between PRC and MICH are different. The measurement said only 19 deg, but the simulation said ~ 90 deg.

  - Woops, I forgot to calibrate the outputs from the LOCKIN module.

    The whole values must be off by a certain factor due to the lack of the calibration , but fortunately it doesn't change the demodulation phases.

Quote from #4884

I was able to measure the sensing matrix in the PRMI configuration.

The results will be posted later.


  4910   Wed Jun 29 12:20:53 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCsensing matrix measurement in PRMI configuration

Of course I made a mistake in my calculation of the sensing matrix. I will figure out which point I mistook.

The MICH signal must have the demodulation phase of around 90 deg in AS55

because we had adjusted the demodulation phase such that the MICH signal mostly appears on AS55_Q.


Here is the result of the measurement of the sensing matrix in the PRMI configuration.


  4911   Wed Jun 29 13:56:42 2011 kiwamuUpdateGeneralminutes of 40m meeting
Attachment 1: meeting.graffle.pdf
meeting.graffle.pdf meeting.graffle.pdf
  4917   Thu Jun 30 03:26:40 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLstatus update

Status update of the absolute length (ABSL) measurement:

 - To accommodate the ABSL stuff, the AS path was relocated on the AP table.

     (In this evening Jenne was able to lock MICH with AS55, so it's working fine.)

 - On the AP table all of the necessary items, including the NPRO, a Faraday, some mirrors and etc., were in place

 - The mode matching was coarsely done. The Rayleigh range looked reasonably long.

 - Fine alignments will be done tomorrow

 - Also a picture of the setup will be uploaded in the morning.

  4923   Thu Jun 30 14:11:55 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLa photo of ABSL setup on the AP table

Here is a picture of the latest ABSL setup at the east part of the AP table.



(Some notes )

 - The ABSL laser is injected from the AP port.

  - A 90 % reflection BS was installed just after the NPRO, this is for sampling a 10% of the laser to the PSL table.

    However, I've just realized that this is not a nice way because the 10 % beam doesn't  go through the Faraday. Whoops.

 - A polarzser cell at the input side of the Faraday doesn't let any beam go through it for some reasons (broken ?).

    Therefore instead of having such a bad cell, a cube PBS was installed.

 -  A room was left on the table for the AS165 RFPD (green-dashed rectangular in the picture).

Quote from #4917

 - Also a picture of the setup will be uploaded in the morning.


  4925   Thu Jun 30 21:00:20 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLfine alignment done

(Just a quick report)

The fine alignment of the ABSL laser injection was successfully done.

I was able to see the DRMI fringings at the AS camera. The ABSL beam is injected from the AS port, therefore what I saw on the camera was the reflection back from the interferometer.


(Things to be done)

 -  A beat-note setup on the PSL table.

 - Refinement of the mode matching. The beam spot on the AS camera is a bit bigger, so I should more tightly focus the injected beam.

Quote from #4917

 - Fine alignments will be done tomorrow

  4936   Mon Jul 4 14:27:35 2011 kiwamuSummaryGeneralWeekly report

Summary of the week ending July 3rd.  Number of elog entries = 44 


   * The output TO_COIL matrix were simplified
   * Checked all the BO whitening switch => Only ITMY_UL didn't switch
   * All the DOF filters were normalized.
       => All the DOF filters are now ("3:0.0", "Cheby", "BounceRoll") 
       => The High pass should have 30Hz cut off ("30:0.0") ?
   * All the resonant peaks has been fit


   * MICH noise budget.
               => dominated by sensing noise.
   * The sensing matrix in the PRMI configuration was measured. 
               => The demodulation phase on AS55 seemed wrong. Need a doublecheck
   * A new screen, called C1LSC_OVERVIEW.adl, was released.

   * A channel name modification: "PRC" and "SRC" => "PRCL" and "SRCL" and etc.
   * The response of the LSC whitening filters were checked. 
                 => CH26 showed different phase response.

- MC work

 * Power budget on the AP table was made (in a high power situation).
REFL11 = 7.4 mW
REFL55 = 22 mW
        MCREFL = 114 mW
        WFS1   = 1.24 mW
        WFS2   = 2.7 mW
 * Measurement and adjustment of RFQPD response
         Resonance frequencies of WFS1 and WFS2 were adjusted. WFS1 and WFS2 were installed on the AP table
 * Started working on MCL path. 
         => needs some more CDS jobs to correctly assign ADC channels


 * Joe modified the automated scripts for producing model webviews


  * The alignment of the injection beam was done.

- Fiber experiment

 * A fiber was laid down from the ETMY table to the PSL table

- TT characterization

 * The mechanical stage for the horizontal displacement measurements is set up. 

- Configuration and other topics

      * Maglev stuff has gone to bridge lab.
      * Chris.W told us that the EPICS mutex issue can be solved by upgrading the EPICS version
      * All the PDs are stored in the east arm cabinet E4
      * Safety interlocks were connected to the ETMY laser and ABSL laser
      * Cshrc.40m was modified to make 32-bit machine happy
      * NDS2 buffer size on Mafalada had been too small and was increased somewhat such that we can still work for the SUS peak fit job
  4939   Tue Jul 5 16:09:54 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLsome photos for ABSL setup

Here I show two photos of the latest ABSL (ABSolute Length measurement) setup.


Figure.1 : A picture of the ABSL setup on the AP table.

  The setup has been a little bit modified from the before (#4923).

 As I said on the entry #4923, the way of sampling the ABSL laser wasn't so good because the beam, which didn't go through the faraday, was sampled.

In this latest configuration the laser is sampled after the faraday with a 90% beam splitter.

The transmitted light from the 90% BS (written in pink) is sent to the PSL table through the access tube which connects the AP and PSL table .



FIgure.2: A picture of the ABSL setup on the PSL table.

 The 10% sampled beam ( pink beam in the picture) eventually comes to the PSL table via the access tube (the hole on the left hand side of the picture).

Then the ABSL beam goes through a mode matching telescope, which consists of a combination of a concave and a convex lens.

The PSL laser (red line in the picture) is sampled from a point after the doubling crystal.

The beam is combined at a 50 % BS, which has been setup for several purposes( see for example #3759 and #4339 ) .

A fast response PD (~1 GHz) is used for the beat-note detection.

  4940   Tue Jul 5 17:38:46 2011 kiwamuUpdateABSLABSL laser frequency-locked

In this past weekend the ABSL laser was successfully frequency-locked to the PSL laser with a frequency offset of about 100 MHz.

In the current setup a mixer-based frequency discriminator is used for detection of the beat-note frequency.


Setup for frequency locking

 The diagram below shows the setup for the frequency locking.


  According to a brief check of the loop oscillation it implies that the UGF is around 40 kHz.
Of course I will measure the open-loop over a wide frequency range at some point.
The lock was quite robust and it was able to stay locked for more than an hour as far as I observed.
(Beat-note detection and its amplification)
 The fast RFPD, which is standing on the PSL table to detect the beat-note (see the picture on #4939), showed the signal level of -16 dBm.
Then the signal goes through the RF amplifier stage to have an appropriate power level at the mixer in the frequency detection stage.
Before the signal goes into the amp. stage I put a power splitter so that I can see a signal on a spectrum analyzer.
(Frequency detection)
 In the mixer-based frequency discriminator, the length difference between two coax. cable was chosen to be 1 m.
This length difference gives us a zero cross point (operation point) of ~100 MHz and linear range of ~ +/-100MHz, which can sufficiently cover the FSR of PRC: 22MHz.
(Control filter)
 After the signal goes through the freq. discriminator, a low noise amplifier, ITHACO 1201 was installed as a control filter.
The reason I chose ITHACO 1201 was that it has a larger output range than that of SR560.
ITHACO 1201 can go to +/- 15V, which means the ABSL laser should be able to track the frequency by about +/- 65 MHz without a thermal actuation.
Right now a single pole was put at 1 Hz for an easy lock.
The output from 1201 goes directly to the laser PZT, whose input is on the front panel of the laser controller.


Temperature setpoints

 During the work I found three temperature points, where we can observe the beat-note signal within a bandwidth of 1 GHz.
 Here is a summary of the temperature set points :
    PSL temperature = 31.71 deg
    ABSL temperature = 44.19 deg (not good),
                                       47.25 deg (chosen to be nominal set point),
                                       50. 23 deg
 The first one (44.19 deg) wasn't good because changing the temperature of the ABSL laser also changes the amplitude of the beat-note significantly.
In a worst case the signal completely disappeared when the ABSL laser was at a certain temperature close to 44.19 deg.
The other two temperature points seemed good. I eventually chose the second one (47.25 deg) for the nominal set point.
Note that the current readout has been 1.81 A on the laser controller.
  4943   Wed Jul 6 02:12:36 2011 kiwamuUpdateSUSRe : More normalization of all sus controllers

[Jenne / Rana/ Kiwamu]

 We found the 30 Hz high pass filters had lower gain than what they used to be at low frequcnies.

So we increased the gain of the high pass filters called '30:0.0'  by a factor of 10 to have the same gain as before.

Now all the suspension shows some kind of damping. Needs more optimizations, for example Q-adjustments for all the suspensions...

Quote from #4942

This is getting closer, but with the whitening left OFF and the cts2um filter also OFF, none of the suspensions are working correctly.


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