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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  4711   Fri May 13 01:51:56 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemRF Status update

I have posted the attached RF status update and 1Y2 rack layout to the svn.

Attachment 1: 1Y2_Rack_Layout.pdf
Attachment 2: RF_Work_Status.pdf
  4714   Fri May 13 22:45:37 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemThe full set of 8 Demod boards is ready for testing

We have Completed the hardware changes to the full set of 8 demod boards.  The last one completed today is AS11.  I have collected the info on all the demod boards available so far in the table below.  As we measure the actual phase and amplitude unbalance we will expand this table to include new info.

The set of 8 demod boards
Demod Board S. No. Power Splitter Frequency range of splitter (MHz) Phase unbalance from datasheet (deg) Amplitude Unbalance from datasheet (dB)
AS11 121 PSCQ-2-51W 5 to 50 87.49 0.1
REFL11 021 PSCQ-2-51W 5 to 50 87.49 0.1
POY11 119 PSCQ-2-32 3.2 to 32 87.58 0.05
AS55 029 PSCQ-2-51W 5 to 50 no info no info
REFL55 118 PQW-2-90 30 to 90 90.14 0.92
POY11 119 PSCQ-2-32 3.2 to 32 87.58 0.05
POY22 020 PSCQ-2-32 3.2 to 32 90.26 0.02
POY110 120 PSCQ--120 80 to 120 90.88 0.58


  4715   Fri May 13 23:04:58 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemDC power supply on RF distribution box has been replaced.

[Steve, Koji, Suresh]

   We shifted two Sorensen power supplies from the Auxiliary rack next to 1X2 to 1Y2.  And have installed them there (pic below).  The local ground reference was picked up from the racks ground reference.  A shielded cable with two twisted pairs was used to make a new power cable for the RF rack.  Since we are using three of the four conductors (+18,+28 and ground), one of them is not connected to anything.  This situation can be improved in a future iteration when, for example, we might wish to relocate the Sorensens to a different rack.

   We are still working on changing the power supply to the RF source.  Will complete this early next week


  4736   Wed May 18 07:13:00 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemDemod board measurements

I measured the amplitude and phase imbalances of the demod boards which have been modified.  This is just a basic health check.  We hope to use the script that Kiwamu is developing for a more accurate test.  The script can also use these measurements as a sanity check.  POP110  requires some further attention. 



The RF distribution box outputs corresponding to the demod board (eg. AS55_LO --> AS55_demod) were used as LO sources.  The RF signal was generated with a Marconi and held a kHz away from the LO frequency.  The amplitude and phase unbalance were measured with SR785.  The RF Power meter was used to check the LO power in each case.



Attachment 1: Demod_Board_measurements.png
  4737   Wed May 18 07:18:15 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemPOY55_Demod board Hardware change completed

The ~350 Hz noted in the elog below was traced to an RF modulation of the 11 MHz sideband.  This modulation was set up in the Marconi which is currently supplying the 11 MHz local oscillator signal to the RF source.  lt was used during the MC length study completed last week by Valera and Ryan.  The frequency measured was 322 Hz.

As we do not require this any longer, I have switched off this modulation.




The Demod board with S. No. 022 (being used earlier as REFL11) has been modified.  It now has SCLF-65 as its input LP filter on the PD input line and a PQW-2-90 power splitter.  The unit functioning okay (I and Q signals are 90 deg apart.

The loss of Q output was traced to a possible loose solder joint and we now have both the I and Q signals after resoldering all components in the vicinity of U7 (Ref Schematic of D990511)

There is a strong oscillation around 350Hz present on I and Q signals of both REFL55_Demod and POY55_Demod.  Don't know the source. 

We have run out of power splitters to continue with the Demod board modification. We do not currently have an AS11_Demod board.  All the others are in place and ready for the I<->Q phase angle measurement.

In summary we now have the following Demod boards in place:

[ REFL11, POY11, REFL55, AS55, POY55, POY22, POY110]_Demod



  4739   Wed May 18 16:52:23 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemCables for AS11 PD are in place

[Larisa, Suresh]

All the cables needed for the AS11 PD are in place... the heliax cable runs from the AS table to the PSL rack.  The LO and RF cables to demod board as well as the I and Q cables into the LSC Whitening board are connected.

The cables get rather densely packed when the LSC Whitening filter sits between the PD Interface Board and the LSC AA filter board.  This makes it difficult to access the SMA connectors on the LSC whitening filter.  So we shifted the LSC Whitening and AA Filter boards one slot to the right.  The LSC rack looks like this just now.  We have also shifted the binary cables at the back of the Eurocart by one slot so the same cables are associated with the cards.




  4740   Wed May 18 17:06:39 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemDC power supplies for the RF generation box in place


I have checked the voltages on the connector.  They are okay and I have plugged in the Sorensen power into the RF Source.  The ground reference for the Sorensens comes from the 1X2 Rack ground reference lines on the south side of the rack. 

I looked for the OMC ground reference. Could not find one on either of the the OMC half racks.


[Koji, Steve]

DC power supplies for the RF generation box are now in place. They are the top two of the 6 Sorensens in the OMC short rack next to 1X2.

We made the connections as we did for the RF distribution box, the power supplies labele, and the cables strain-relieved.

The power supply is not yet connected to the actual RF generation box. This should be done by Suresh or someone with the supervision of him.

We have two +18V supply on the short OMC rack, in total. One is for the RF source, the other is for the OMC PZTs, whitening, etc.
This is to avoid unnecessary ground loop
although the grounding situation of the OMC side is not known to me.


  4751   Thu May 19 19:41:17 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemDAQ channel Assignments for RF PDs

[Kiwamu, Suresh]

In trying to keep the wiring of the LSC rack as neat as possible, we came up with the following channel assignments of the RF PD signals. 

PDI = PD Interface, The PD Interface D-type connectors (#1 to #12) are numbered:  Top -> Bottom and Left -> Right in ascending order. 

The Analog channels on the LSC Whitening Filter boards are numbered similarly, 1 to 32 in four sets.


  4755   Fri May 20 05:41:22 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemDemod board measurements

The POP110 board which had the large Amplitude and Phase unbalances was examined today.  It turned out that there was some stray solder which had connected the Sum port of the PSCQ-2-120 splitter to its body (ground).  After I removed that the amplitude unbalance was 0.3dB however the phase was 105deg.  The phase reduced to 90 deg only if the power on the splitter is around 19 dBm.  So removed the AT1 (10dB attenuator) and the phase unbalance dropped to 91 deg.  However this is not a sustainable solution as the ERA-5 max output is about 19.5 dBm.

As this is a side band power monitor (and not a length sensing RFPD), we can make do with a poorer phase.  I will therefore replace the AT1 and adjust the residual phase with cable delay lines.  


I measured the amplitude and phase imbalances of the demod boards which have been modified.  This is just a basic health check.  We hope to use the script that Kiwamu is developing for a more accurate test.  The script can also use these measurements as a sanity check.  POP110  requires some further attention. 



The RF distribution box outputs corresponding to the demod board (eg. AS55_LO --> AS55_demod) were used as LO sources.  The RF signal was generated with a Marconi and held a kHz away from the LO frequency.  The amplitude and phase unbalance were measured with SR785.  The RF Power meter was used to check the LO power in each case.




  4819   Wed Jun 15 00:49:34 2011 SureshUpdateIOOWFS2 has been fixed.


The WFS2 sensor head had a damaged Quadrant PIN diode (YAG-444-4A).  This has been replaced by a   YAG-444-4AH  which has a responsivity of 0.5 A/W. 

P6150121.JPG     P6150124.JPG

The responsivity of each quadrant was measured at normal incidence.  A diagram of the set up with the relevant power levels is attached.  The precision of these measurement is about 5% .  Largely because the power levels measured are sensitive to the position of the laser beam on the power meter sensor head (Ophir with ND filter mask taken off).  Putting the mask back on did not solve this problem.

The incident power was 0.491mW  of which about 0.026mW was reflected from the face of the QPD.  The beam was repositioned on the QPD to measure the response of each quadrant.  In each case the beam was positioned to obtain maximum DC output voltage from the relevant quadrant.  A small amount of spill over was seen in the other quadrants.  The measurements are given below

WFS2 DC output measurements (mV)
  Position 1 Position 2 Position 3 Position 4 Dark
Q1 244 6.7 5.4 6.9 4
Q2 5.9 238 8.4 5 5
Q3 9 6.6 236 7.3 6
Q4 7.5 7 7 252 7


To measure these DC outputs of from the sensor-head a breakout board for the 25-pin D-type connector was used as in the previous measurements.  The results are given below


WFS2 Quantum Efficiency measurement

  DC out (mV)



Quantum Efficiency (%)
Q1 238 0.52 0.60
Q2 233 0.50 0.59
Q3 230 0.50 0.58
Q4 244 0.53 0.61


The measured responsivity agrees with the specification from the manufacturer.  It is to be noted that the previous QPD is reported to have a slightly smaller responsivity 0.4 A/W at 1064 nm.  The data sheet is attached. 

Since the new QPD may have a slightly different capacitance the RF transfer function of the WFS2 needs to be examined to verify the location of the resonances. 



[Larisa and Jenne]

A few weeks ago (on the 28th of January) I had tried to measure the quantum efficiency of one quadrant of the WFS as a function of angle.  However, Rana pointed out that I was a spaz, and had forgotten to put a lens in front of the laser.  Why I forgot when doing the measurement as a function of angle, but I had remembered while doing it at normal incidence for all of the quadrants, who knows?

Anyhow, Larisa measured the quantum efficiency today.  She used WFS2, quadrant 1 (totally oil-free), since that was easier than WFS1.  She also used the Jenne Laser (with a lens), since it's more stable and less crappy than the CrystaLasers.  We put a 50 Ohm terminator on the RF input of the Jenne Laser, since we weren't doing a swept sine measurement.  Again, the Ophir power meter was used to measure the power incident on the diode, and the reflected power, and the difference between them was used as the power absorbed by the diode for the quantum efficiency measurement.  A voltmeter was used to measure the output of the diode, and then converted to current as in the quote below. 

Still on the to-do list:  Replace the WFS2 diode.  See if we have one around, otherwise order one.  Align beams onto WFS so we can turn on the servo.

QE = (h*c)/(lambda*e) * (I/P)

Where I = (Volts from Pin1 to GND)/2 /500ohms
P = Power from laser - power reflected from diode.
h, c, e are the natural constants, and lambda is 1064nm.
Also, I/P = Responsivity

Larissa is going to put her data and plots into the elog shortly....


Quantum Efficiency Measurement:

I refer to Jamie's LHO elog for the equation governing quantum efficiency of photodiodes: LHO 2 Sept 2009

The information I gathered for each quadrant of each WFS was: [1] Power of light incident on PD (measured with the Ophir power meter), [2] Power of light reflected off the PD (since this light doesn't get absorbed, it's not part of the QE), and [3] the photo current output by the PD (To get this, I measured the voltage out of the DC path that is meant to go to EPICS, and backed out what the current is, based on the schematic, attached). 

I found a nifty 25 pin Dsub breakout board, that you can put in like a cable extension, and you can use clip doodles to look at any of the pins on the cable.  Since this was a PD activity, and I didn't want to die from the 100V bias, I covered all of the pins I wasn't going to use with electrical tape.  After turning down the 100V Kepco that supplies the WFS bias, I stuck the breakout board in the WFS.  Since I was able to measure the voltage at the output of the DC path, if you look at the schematic, I needed to divide this by 2 (to undo the 2nd op amp's gain of 2), and then convert to current using the 499 Ohm resistor, R66 in the 1st DC path.  

I did all 4 quadrants of WFS1 using a 532nm laser pointer, just to make sure that I had my measurement procedure under control, since silicon PDs are nice and sensitive to green.  I got an average QE of ~65% for green, which is not too far off the spec of 70% that Suresh found.

I then did all 8 WFS quadrants using the 1064nm CrystaLaser #2, and got an average QE of ~62% for 1064 (58% if I exclude 2 of the quadrants....see below).  Statistics, and whatever else is needed can wait for tomorrow.

Problem with 2 quadrants of WFS2?

While doing all of this, I noticed that quadrants 3 and 4 of WFS2 seem to be different than all the rest.  You can see this on the MEDM screens in that all 6 other quadrants, when there is no light, read about -0.2, whereas the 2 funny quadrants read positive values.  This might be okay, because they both respond to light, in some kind of proportion to the amount of light on them.  I ended up getting QE of ~72% for both of these quadrants, which doesn't make a whole lot of sense since the spec for green is 70%, and silicon is supposed to be less good for infrared than green.  Anyhow, we'll have to meditate on this.  We should also see if we have a trend, to check how long they have been funny.



Attachment 2: SensorsBrochure-p12.pdf
  4845   Mon Jun 20 18:36:49 2011 SureshUpdateLSCREFL55 PD update

[Suresh, Koji]

   I used a matlab code written by Koji to analyse the transimpedance and current noise data  of REFL55.  The details are in the attached pdf file.

Resonance is at 55.28 MHz:

Q of 4.5, Transimpedance of 615 Ohms

shot noise intercept current = 1.59 mA

current noise =21 pA/rtHz


Notch at 110.78 MHz:

Q of 54.8 Transimpedance of 14.68 Ohms.











[Rana, Koji]

REFL55 was modified. The noise level confirmed. The PD is now ready to be installed.


Kevin's measurement report told us that something was wrong with REFL55 PD. The transimpedance looked OK, but the noise level was terrible (equivalent to the shotnoise of 14mA DC current).

Rana and I looked at the circuit, and cleaned up the circuit, by removing unnecessary 11MHz notch, 1k shunt resister, and so on.

I made a quick characterization of the PD.

First page:

The transimpedance ws measured as a function of the frequency. The resonance was tuned at 55MHz. The notch was tuned at 110MHz in order to reject the second harmonics. The transimpedance was ~540V/A at 55MHz. (For the calibration, I believed the DC transimpedance of 50V/A and 10000V/A for the DC paths of this PD and #1611, respectively, as well as the RF impedance (700V/A0 of #1611.

Second page:

Output noise levels were measured with various amount of photocurrent using white light from a light bulb. The measurement was perforemed well above the noise level of the measurement instruments.

Third page:

The measured output noise levels were converted into the equivalent current noise on the PD. The dark noise level agrees with the shot noise level of 1.5mA (i.e. 22pA/rtHz). In deed, the noise level went up x~1.5 when the photocurrent is ~1.4mA.


Attachment 1: REFL55_response.pdf
  4848   Tue Jun 21 19:10:29 2011 SureshUpdateEnvironmentETMY end table

[Suresh, Sonali]

There were small pieces of glass, remnants of a fluorescent tube, which were lying around on the ETMY end table for a while now.  We picked up the larger pieces by hand and used the HEPA filtered vacuum cleaner to pick up the remaining glass and dust on the table. 

  4849   Tue Jun 21 19:54:33 2011 SureshUpdateGreen LockingLightWave NPRO power supply shifted to ETMY end table

The Lightwave NPRO power supply which is being shared between the AS table and the ETMY table has been shifted back to the ETMY table

The current to the laser is set at 1.5A.  The laser output is 200mW at this current level.

  4860   Wed Jun 22 18:51:47 2011 SureshUpdateIOOWFS2 RF response

I have shifted the Jenne laser back to the small table where we do RF PD characterisation (RFPD table).  I found several 25pin D-type connector cables, connected them in tandem and am using that to power the WFS2 sensor head at the RFPD table. 

The set up is ready for looking at the RF response of the  WFS sensors.  Will continue tonight.


  4880   Fri Jun 24 21:21:46 2011 SureshUpdatePSLPlaced labels on the zig-zag mirrors on PSL table

I put labels on the pair of beam steering mirrors which are at the output end of the PSL table.  I had changed one of these mirrors (elog) and Jenne had changed the other (elog).  This was at about 3PM today

I just learned from Kiwamu that this has messed up the MC alignment.


  4883   Sat Jun 25 04:40:43 2011 SureshUpdateASCWFS1 Transimpedance measurement

WFS1 Transimpedance

The attached plots show the location of the ~29.5 MHz pole and the 59 MHz notch for each quadrant of the WFS1 Sensor head.


WFS1 Pole (MHz) Z(Ohms) Notch (MHz) Z(Ohms)
Q1 28.89 598 60.38 0.83
Q2 29.20 513 57.70 0.57
Q3 29.63 681 59.63 0.89
Q4 28.89 609 58.13 0.78


As may be seen from the above table, these frequencies will need to be adjusted in some cases.

From the plots we can see that, when there is no attenuation set on the attenuator AT65-0263 (ref D990249-A),  the MAX4107  oscillations are seen in Q2,Q3,Q4 quadrants at around 200 MHz.  

Rana suggested, from his previous encounter with this circuit, that the solution is to remove the second MAX4106 and the attenuator on the RF line to avoid this oscillation.



A look at the circuit board shows that some of the inductors have not been mounted.  That explains the presence of only one notch though the schematic shows two. 

P6250224.JPG         P6250223.JPG

  4894   Tue Jun 28 07:46:54 2011 SureshUpdateIOOPower incident on REFL11 and REFL55

I measured the power incident on REFL11 and REFL55.  Steve was concerned that it is too high.  If we consider this elog the incident power levels were REFL11: 30 mW and REFL55: 87 mW. (assuming efficiency of ~ 0.8 A/W @1064nm for the C30642 PD).  However, currently there is a combination of Polarising BS and Half-waveplate with which we have attenuated the power incident on the REFL PDs.  We now have (with the PRM misaligned):

REFL11:  Power incident = 7.60 mW ;  DC out = 0.330 V  => efficiency = 0.87 A/W

REFL55:  Power incident = 23 mW ;  DC out = 0.850 V  => efficiency = 0.74 A/W

and with the PRM aligned::

REFL11:  DC out = 0.35 V  => 8 mW is incident

REFL55: DC out = 0.975 V  => 26 mW is incident

These power levels may go up further when everything is working well.

The max rated photo-current is 100mA => max power 125mW @0.8 A/W.


  4895   Tue Jun 28 09:50:03 2011 SureshUpdateIOOWFS2 RF response

The WFS2  Transimpedance has been measured to determine if it also suffers from the same 200MHz oscillations seen in WFS1 sensor head

The attached plots (pdf attached) show that the 29.5 MHz peak needs tweaking in Q2 and Q1 seems to have a much lower transimpedance than other quadrants.  The table below summarises the resonances and notches of the ckt


WFS2 Pole(MHz) Z(Ohms) Notch (MHz) Z(Ohms)
Q1 29.63 576 59.25 0.76
Q2 28.5 862 59.0 1.41
Q3 29.8 766 59.25 1.05
Q4 29.8 704 59.0 1.09


The peak at 10MHz is much sharper than the similar peak at 13MHz in the case of WFS1.  Is this a matter for some concern? 

The 200MHz oscillation once again exists in Q2, Q3 and Q4.  This sensor head will also require the same treatment as WFS1.





I have shifted the Jenne laser back to the small table where we do RF PD characterisation (RFPD table).  I found several 25pin D-type connector cables, connected them in tandem and am using that to power the WFS2 sensor head at the RFPD table. 

The set up is ready for looking at the RF response of the  WFS sensors.  Will continue tonight.



Attachment 1: WFS2_transimpedance.pdf
WFS2_transimpedance.pdf WFS2_transimpedance.pdf WFS2_transimpedance.pdf WFS2_transimpedance.pdf
  4919   Thu Jun 30 07:42:48 2011 SureshUpdateIOOAP Table Power levels

I measured the power in various beams on the AP table to check and see if any beam is having too much power. 

I am uploading two pics one is in the "high power state" and the other is the "low power state".   High power in the MC REFL PD occurs when the MC is unlocked.  In addition the WFS also will see this  hike in power. We wish to make sure that in either state the power levels do not exceed the max power that the PDs can tolerate.



Low Power state: MC locked, PRM not aligned.                                                   High Power state: MC unlocked,  PRM aligned.


AS-lowP_state.pdf             AS-highP_state.pdf

  4920   Thu Jun 30 08:18:08 2011 SureshUpdateIOOThe resonances and notches on WFS1 have been tuned.

As noted before the  resonances had to be tuned to the 29.5 MHz ( or rather 29.485 MHz to match with the Wenzel) and notches to twice that frequency (58.97 MHz). 

I tuned these frequencies and remeasured the transimpedance curves .  These are in the attached pdf file. 

Some notes.

1) The variable inductances on the PCB have a ferrite core which is actually ferrite powder compacted around an iron screw.  The screw serves to provide the adjustability.  However, being iron, it seems to have rusted and so the cores are stuck.  So several of the cores splintered when I tried to adjust the frequencies.

2) The WFS1 had a finger print/smudge on the face of the PD.  I drag wiped it with methanol to get rid of it.


WFS1 is ready to go on the table.  I am going to work on WFS2 today.


Attachment 1: WFS1_tuned.pdf
WFS1_tuned.pdf WFS1_tuned.pdf WFS1_tuned.pdf WFS1_tuned.pdf
  4927   Fri Jul 1 07:01:23 2011 SureshUpdateIOOWFS2 resonances and installation

This was the WFS whose photodiode was repaced as the old one was found to be damaged. 

I retuned the resonances and the notches of all the quadrant and have attached a pdf file of my measurements.


Some notes:

a)  The variable inductor on WFS2Q2 quadrant may need to be changed. The ferrite code has come of the solinoid and is just held in place due to friction..  It may be easily disturbed.    So though i chose to leave it in place for now,  it will need to be replace in case the Q3 misbahaves..

b) In general the frequencies have shifted a bit when I closed the lid of tne WFS sensor head.


WFS1 and 2 have been installed on the AP table and are functional. I am shifting attention to the software.


Attachment 1: WFS2new.pdf
WFS2new.pdf WFS2new.pdf WFS2new.pdf WFS2new.pdf
  4954   Thu Jul 7 14:27:16 2011 SureshUpdateIOOsomething wrong ? : Power incident on REFL11 and REFL55

Just tying up a loose end.  The next day Kiwamu and I checked to see what the trouble was.  We concluded that the PRM had not moved during my measurement though I had 'Misaligned' it from the medm screen.  So all the power levels measured here were with the PRM aligned.  The power level change was subsequently measured and e-logged


The measured change in the REFL DC power with and without PRM aligned seems unacceptably small.  Something wrong ?

The difference in the power with and without PRM aligned should be more than a factor of 300.

         [difference in power] = [single bounce from PRM] / [two times of transmission through PRM ]

                                          = (1-T) / T^2 ~ 310,

where T is the transmissivity of PRM and T = 5.5% is assumed in the calculation.

Also the reflectivity of MICH is assumed to be 1 for simplicity.

Quote from #4894

We now have (with the PRM misaligned):

REFL11:  Power incident = 7.60 mW ;  DC out = 0.330 V  => efficiency = 0.87 A/W

REFL55:  Power incident = 23 mW ;  DC out = 0.850 V  => efficiency = 0.74 A/W

and with the PRM aligned::

REFL11:  DC out = 0.35 V  => 8 mW is incident

REFL55: DC out = 0.975 V  => 26 mW is incident



  4957   Fri Jul 8 19:50:19 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemLSC rack channel assignment

[Jamie, Suresh]

   We looked at the ADC channel assignments in the LSC model and wanted to make sure that the LSC rack wiring and the LSC model are in agreement with each other.  So the plan is to wire the rack as shown below.  I will also post this file on svn so that we can keep it updated in case there are changes.




  4990   Tue Jul 19 13:45:22 2011 SureshUpdateSAFETYPainful Voltage Regulator and Circuit-Testing Lessons

There is should be a few IDC connectors in the lab (and some ribbon cable) using which you can proceed with the testing of the circuit, if you prefer.  If not we can get them from our ever helpful electronics division at Downs.  In any case there is no need to lose time waiting for parts to arrive.


  4994   Wed Jul 20 06:17:04 2011 SureshUpdateGreen LockingY-end green laser power issues

The Y-end green beam power is 0.47 mW.

While aligning the Y-end aux laser light into the fiber we noticed that the green power out of the doubling crystal was in microwatts.  I checked to see what was the trouble and found that the oven was cold as the temperature controller had been disabled.  I enabled it and scanned the temperature to maximise the green output.  Yet the power is less than 10% of that at the X end (7mW).

To verify I checked the power of various beams on the Y-end table.  They are listed below in the picture


The green beam power is proportional to the square of the IR incident power and this explains the drop in green power by a factor of (210/730)^2  thus making 7 mW -->  0.5 mW.  However we may be able to double the power at the Y-arm oven if the uncoated lenses in the IR path are exchaned for coated ones. 


The green beam injection into the Y-arm cavity also needs to be cleaned up as noted here.  As seen in the picture below two of the mirrors which launch the beam into the arm cavity need to be fixed as well.


  4995   Wed Jul 20 06:36:39 2011 SureshUpdateIOOWFS1 and 2 gains

Gains of individual quadrants in both the WFS

As a simple check of the gains on all the quadrants I hooked up the AM (Jenne) laser to put FM modulated light on to the WFS heads and observed the FM modulation frequency , 105 Hz, show up on a power spectrum of the RF outputs.   The plots below show the peak at 105Hz in all the quadrants.




However I should have put in AM modulation rather FM modulation.  I will do that using the digital system today.  The first version above was done wth a Marconi driving the AM laser modulation.



  4996   Wed Jul 20 06:52:01 2011 SureshUpdateLSCABSL - PSL beat lock

The ABSL locking setup to the PSL is down. 

According the plan, I started to use the IR beam dumped after the doubling crystal for the IR beat lock (Sonali's project).  The beat lock was disturbed when I shifted some clamps to make way for a few mirrors.  So I set about fixing the beat lock.  I reobtained the lock but noticed that the net beam power reaching the Newfocus 1611 detector was around 15mW.  10mW from the ABSL and 5mW from PSL.

This is much too high as the maximum allowed on 1611 is 2mW. 

I therefore started to adjust the power levels by using  Y1-1064-45S mirrors at non-45 deg angles.  However Rana pointed out that this would lead to amplitude noise due to the mirror vibrations.  I then switched to using beam splitters as pick offs.   This is better than using neutral density filters since the back scatter is lower this way.

David wanted some of the ABSL beam for his SURF student.  So I changed the mirror after beam expanding telescope on the ABSL route to provide this power.  We also installed a pair of half wave plates and a PBS to allow us smooth power level control on this beam.

The beat lock setup is now down and needs to be completed for PRCL and SRCL measurements.



  5009   Wed Jul 20 23:31:44 2011 SureshUpdateIOOMC Trans QPD is down


The mode cleaner is not locking because the MC Trans QPD signal is not present.  There is light on the QPD when the MC flashes and its position has not shifted.  The cable is plugged in well into the sensor head.  The signal cable is labled "MC2 Opt Lever"  and it arrives on the 1X4 rack along with other Optical Lever cables. Pressing the connector in did not solve the problem.


  5021   Sat Jul 23 02:24:10 2011 SureshUpdateIOOrestarted the frame builder

I restarted the fb twice during the last 15mins.   This was after I added test points into the C1IOO/WFS1.mdl and C1IOO/WFS2.mdl.

  5041   Wed Jul 27 08:59:10 2011 SureshUpdateLSClocking status

 I had to realign PSL beam into the MC in order to reobtain the MC lock.  We lost lock at sometime around 8:30 AM on Tuesday.  See attached trend data for MC_RFPD_DCMON. 

The is the second time this week that I had to do this when we were unable to obtain the MC lock.  On both occassions the zig-zag at the end of the PSL table was tweaked to minimise the MC_RFPD_DCMON.


 We have been using the MC as a Beam Axis Reference.  And therefore we are adjusting the PSL beam to maximise coupling into MC.  However if MC's beam axis has shifted, then would it not be best to use the pzt's to re-obtain coupling into the arm cavities? 

Quote from #5040

Beam axis:

 I guess that the beam axis has changed a lot to the horizontal direction.
The beam spots on the REFL and AS camera looked off-centered by a size of the spot.
The beam axis has to be well-aligned before the vent.

  5042   Wed Jul 27 10:04:29 2011 SureshUpdateIOOWFS transfer function measurements

This is part of the WFS activity.  So far I have completed the following tasks:

1)  I fixed the MEDM screens up to a point where they can be used for locking.  There are still some buttons which invoke non-existing screens and some blank fields.  But the basic filter banks and input  and output matrices are fixed.

2) I copied all the old filter banks into the new screens both in the WFS head and in the WFS Master, where the servo filters are located.  The I and Q filter banks in the WFS heads have been switched on.

3) I <=> Q phase settings in the WFS head for each quadrant:  We have assumed that the I and Q are orthogonal so D=90 for all cases.  I set the R phase to minimise the signal in all the Q lines.  So the signal is largely in the I phase.  I used Sine Response feature in DTT while supplying an excitation signal to MC2_ASCPIT_EXC.  At times I used the YAW instead of PIT if I did not get enough coherence.  This was set manually by watching the Q phase signal and minimising that by adjusting the R angle.  It was in general possible to get this correct to a deg.   There are several old scripts to do this in the MC/WFS but they do not work since most of them are based on the ezlockin or ezcademod functions.    I will try to fix the ezWFS1phase and ezWFS2phase scripts to automate this.  Some channel names have to be changed in these.

4) I measured the transfer function between the mirror motions [(MC1, MC2, MC3) x (PIT, YAW)] and the sensor DoF [(WFS1, WFS2) x (PIT, YAW)].  The measurements are reported below.  The plan is to invert this matrix and use it as the Out_Matrix.


I list here the various steps I took in making this measurement.

a) Set the DC offsets on the individual quadrants to zero using an old script (which I updated with the new channel names).  The script is called McWFS_dc_offsets and is located in the $scripts$/MC/WFS directory.   Note that before doing this the PSL shutter was closed.  This script sets a basic EPICS parameter called AOFF for each channel.  These are listed in cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iool0 .

b) Then the PSL beam into the MC was steered to optimise coupling into MC (described in my earlier post today).  This is because we use the input beam as a reference while setting up the WFS.

c) Unlock the MC and center the directly reflected beam from the MC on the WFS.  We use the DC monitors on the C1IOO_WFS_QPD.adl screen to center the spot on the WFS head. 

d) Then used the WFSoffsets script to set the offsets in the I and Q filter banks to zero.  This script uses the ezcaservo to look at the OUT16 channels and zeroes them by setting an appropriate offset.  I took care to switch off all slow filters in the I and Q filter banks before this operation was carried out .  Only the 60Hz comb filter was on.

e) Opened the PSL shutter and relocked the MC

f) Then I measured the transfer co-efs by oscillating the optic (exciting a specific degree of freedom) and observing the response in the WFS sensor degrees of freedom.   These are tabulated above.


   I plan to use this matrix and prepare the Output matix and then close the WFS servo loops. 



  5066   Sat Jul 30 05:11:45 2011 SureshUpdateGreen LockingY- end table clean-up

The optics on the Y-end table which required to be moved have been repositioned.  Please see the attached pic for details.

The green beam is not yet aligned to the cavity. That is my next task.


  5115   Thu Aug 4 01:49:08 2011 SureshUpdateIOOMC is locked

I measured the power transmitted from the PSL to the MC. It is 19mW.

The MC is now locked.  The MC Autolocker script cannot be used now since the tigger conditions are not met.  It has been disabled on the C1IOO-LOCK_MC screen.  The boost switch also is set to zero.  Increasing the boost results in MC unlocking. 

The C1:IOO-MC_RFPC_DCMON was going from 1.4 (MC Unlocked) to 0.66 (MC_locked).  I thought we ought to have a factor of ten drop in this since under high power conditions we used to have a drop of about 5.6 to 0.6.   So I adjusted the zig-zag at the end of the PSL table to improve the alignment.  It now goes from 1.4 to 0.13 when the MC is locked.   The lock is also much more stable now.  It still does not tolerate any boost though.

I checked to make sure that the beam centering on MC_REFL PD is optimal since I touched the zig-zag.  The RFPD output is now 0.7V (MC unlocked).  This matches well with the fact that we used to have 3.5V on it with the MC unlocked.  And we have cut the down the power incident on this by a factor of 5.  Because 1W -> 20mW at the PSL table  and 10% BS -> 100% Y1-...



  5130   Sat Aug 6 03:10:05 2011 SureshSummaryGeneralSummary of today's in-vacuum work

The table below gives the OSEM positions as seen on the slow chanels C1:SUS-ETMX_{UL,UR,LL,LR,SD}PDMon


Note that the side OSEM has the fast channel (OUTPUT) available and we used that to locate it.

When we began work the OSEMs were photographed so that we have a record of their locations till now.  It was difficult to get accurate estimate of the magnet offset inside the OSEM we could not see the screen on the camera while clicking.  We then took some pictures after finishing the work. These are given below


          Before_osem_adj.JPG         After_osem_adjustment.JPG


The picture of the left is from before OSEMs were moved. It can be seen that OSEMs are rotated to make sure that the magnets avoid touching the teflon sheets which hold the shadow sensors.  The picture on the right shows the positions of the OSEMs after we adjusted their positions.  This time we kept the teflon sheets vertical as shown to minimise the coupling between the Side and Axial directions.

We needed to reposition them once again after we moved the tower to the center of the table.

Pictures with more detail will be posted to the wiki later.





  5132   Sun Aug 7 11:10:54 2011 SureshSummaryGeneralOSEM positioning


This OSEM placement is just the OPPOSITE of what the proper placement is.

Usually, we want to put them in so that the LED beam is vertical. This makes the OSEM immune to the optic's vertical mode.

The orientation with the horizontal LED beam makes the immunity to the side mode better, but may spoil the vertical.

In reality, neither of these assumptions is quite right. The LED beam doesn't come out straight. That's why Osamu and I found that we have to put in some custom orientations.

Also, the magnet gluings relative to the OSEM bracket centers are not perfectly aligned. So...I am saying that the OSEMs have to be oriented empirically to reduce the couplings which we want to reduce.


 Kiwamu suggested that since the side resonance is at a lower frequency than the bounce (~17Hz)  we ought to worry about the side more than the bounce.  If this is okay we can reposition the OSEMs to minimise this coupling. 

More over, in the current position, the OSEM s will not sense the side motion!!  So we definitely need to reposition them.  Sorry! I was being a spatz. 

  5146   Tue Aug 9 01:35:45 2011 SureshUpdateSUSETMX Side Sensor slow channel down for a long time

The slow signal from the side sensor on ETMX was last seen in action sometime in May 2010!  And then the frame builder has no data for a while on this channel.  After that the channel shows some bistability starting Sept 2010 but has not been working.  The fast channel of this sensor  (C1:SUS-ETMX_SDSEN_OUTPUT) does work so the sensor is working.  Probably is a loose contact... needs to be fixed.

ETMX-SDSEN_trend1.png         ETMX_SDSEN_trend2.png


  5150   Tue Aug 9 02:44:32 2011 SureshUpdateSUSETMX free swinging data

I switched off damping to the ETMX and used a reduced version of freeswing-all.csh script (called freeswing-ETMX.csh) to set it swinging.    After about an hour I used the saved template ETMX/2008.08.06.xml to obtain the following plot.



There is something defintely wrong with the side sensor.  It might be the electronics as it also has this problem with it slow channel readings (my previous elog today).



  5167   Wed Aug 10 11:22:55 2011 SureshUpdateIOOMC A2L alignment

[Kiwamu, Suresh]

We attempted to minimise the A2L coupling in the MC mirrors (centering the beam spot on the actuation node on each optic).  While it was easy to minimise the coupling in the pitch for all the three optics and yaw of MC2, the yaw alignment of MC1 and MC3 proved to be difficult.  For one the adjustment required was quite large, so much so that PSL alignment into the MC is often lost during this adujstment.  We had to align the PSL coupling several times in order to proceed.   And the MC settles into a new position when the MC-PSL servo loop was disturbed by random denizens in the lab.  Requiring us to start over again.

Kiwamu wrote a script to measure the MC(optic)(Pitch/yaw) -> Lockin(#1 to #6) matrix.  Inverting this matrix gave us the linear combination of the offsets to put on the MC# PIT/YAW  inorder to minimise a specific Lockin output.  However the cross couplings were not completely eliminated.  This made it very hard to predict what a given set of offsets were going to do to the Lockin outputs.

Net result:  the spots are centered in vertical direction (pitch) but not in the horizontal (yaw)

Day time tasks have started so I am quitting now.

  5182   Thu Aug 11 04:45:07 2011 SureshUpdateIOOAligning the 1064nm beam with the in-vacuum pzt's

[Kiwamu, Suresh]

We worked on the beam path from MC to BS this evening. 

After the beam spots on MC1 and MC3 were close to the actuation nodes (<1mm away) we checked the beam position on the Faraday Isolator (FI) to make sure that it is passing through both the input and output apertures without clipping.  The beam is slightly displaced (by about half a beam diameter) downwards at the input of the FI.  The picture below is a screen shot from the MC1 monitor while Kiwamu held an IR card in front of the FI.



We then proceeded to check the beam position on various optical elements downstream.  But first we levelled the BS table and checked to see if the reflection from PJ1 (1st Piezo) is landing on the MMT1 properly.  It was and we did not make any adjustment to PJ1.  However the reflection from MMT1 was not centered on MMT2.  We adjusted the MMT1 to center the beam on it.  We then adjusted MMT2 to center the beam on PJ2.  At this point we noticed that the spot on IPPO (pick off window)  was off towards the right edge.  When we centered the beam on this it missed the center of the PRM.  In order to decide what needs to be moved, we adjusted PJ2 such that the beam hits the PR2, bounces back to PR3, and becomes co-incident with the green beam from X-arm on the BS.  Under this condition the beam is not in the center of PRM and nor is it centered on IPPO.  In fact it is being clipped at the edge of the IPPO. 

It is clear that both IPPO and the PRM need to be moved.  To be sure that the beam is centered on PR2 we plan to open the ITMX chamber tomorrow.

  5199   Thu Aug 11 19:01:45 2011 SureshUpdateSUSITMX given a kick to start it freeswing' but to no avail.

We started an ITMX freeswing run at this time

Thu Aug 11 18:58:59 PDT 2011

 But the optic did not repond to the kick.  It is possible that the earthquake stops are close to the face and/or rear of the optic and prevent it from oscillating.  We will check again and see what is up in a few hours.



  5266   Fri Aug 19 01:15:22 2011 SureshUpdateSUSFreeSwing all optics

I ran "freeswing all" at Fri Aug 19 01:09:28 PDT 2011 (997776583)  and "opticshutdown"  as well.


  5267   Fri Aug 19 01:46:06 2011 SureshUpdateGeneralIFO alignment

[Keiko, Jamie, Kiwamu, Anamaria,

We followed the procedure that we laid-out in our elog of yesterday.  We completed the first six steps and we now have the y-arm well aligned to the green beam which passes through the center of of both ETMY and ITMY. 

The IR beam was steered with the PZTs to coincide with the green beam.  The BS was adjusted to see IR beam scatter on a target placed near the center of the ETMX.  And then the AS IR beam was steered to the AS camera by adjusting several components along OM path ( we touched OM1, OM2, OM3, OM4, OM5, OMPO and OM6).  We then looked for IR fringes in the AS port from the Y-arm. But no luck there.  We need to realign the IR beam into the Y-arm cavity axis using the pzts.

We aligned ITMX and PRM to get power recycled Michelson fringes at the AS.


  5277   Mon Aug 22 16:28:44 2011 SureshUpdateGeneralSRM tower shifted on Friday

[Kiwamu, Suresh]   This is a belated elog entry from last Friday night + Saturday morning! 

    We shifted the SRM tower across the beam and away from the door by about 5mm. 

                  After the input beam from MC was aligned to the Y-arm,  Kiwamu noticed that the AS beam was being clipped and that the correction had to start from SRM onwards as the beam had become offcentered on the SRM.  So we shifted the SRM tower by about 5mm away from the door and transverse to the beam and rotated it by a few degrees to center the OSEM offsets.  After this we aligned all optics along the AS beam path to extract the AS beam from the chamber.    We then aligned each optic in the vertex so that their beams overlap at the AS port with the reflection from ITMY.  Then we aligned BS to center the beam on ETMX and then looked for flashes from the Y arm.

      At this point Kiwamu checked and found that the input beam from the MC had shifted.  It was landing on the ITMY about 5mm below the center.  And (inexplicably) it was still centered on ETMY!  The Y- green which traced the cavity axis (since this was still flashing) was not coincident with the IR beam.   So all the work we did in aligning the AS beam and the vertex optics work was lost..... and had to be done again.



  5283   Tue Aug 23 02:03:04 2011 SureshUpdateIOOMC realigned and spot positions recentered

After the MC1 and MC3 OSEMs were  repositioned  MC had to be realigned and the beam spots had to be recentered on the actuation nodes.  

To do that I had to change the input beam direction into the MC  and the coil offsets.   

I also measured the resultant spot positions

spot positions in mm (MC1,2,3 pit MC1,2,3 yaw):
    0.1354   -0.2522   -0.1383   -1.0893    0.7122   -1.5587



The MC1 and MC3 yaw can be improved further after the chambers are closed and evacuated.  The PZT adjustments needed to realign the input beam pointing are quite small and should not pose a problem.



  5305   Thu Aug 25 17:57:35 2011 SureshUpdateSUSBroken UL magnet on ITMX


Dmass just reminded me that the usual procedure is to bake the optics after the last gluing, before putting them into the chambers.  Does anyone have opinions on this? 

On the one hand, it's probably safer to do a vacuum bake, just to be sure.  On the other hand, even if we could use one of the ovens immediately, it's a 48 hour bake, plus cool down time.  But they're working on aLIGO cables, and might not have an oven for us for a while.  Thoughts?

I think we should follow the established procedure in full, even though it will cost us a few more days.  I dont think we should consider the vacuum bake as something "optional".  If the glue has any volatile components they could be deposited on the optic resulting in a change in the coating and consequently optical loss in the arm cavity.



  5313   Sat Aug 27 20:38:17 2011 SureshUpdateIOOLight is back on WFS

[Valera, Suresh]

   We wanted to continue the work with WFS servo loops.  As the current optical paths on the AP table do not send any light to the WFS, I changed a mirror to a 98% window and a window to a mirror to send about 0.25mW of light towards the WFS.   The MC locking is unaffected by this change.   The autolocker works fine.

   When the power to the MC is increased, these will have to be replaced or else the WFS will burn.

  5315   Sun Aug 28 22:49:40 2011 SureshUpdateCDSfb down

I recompiled c1ioo after making some changes and restarted fb. (about 9:45 - 10PM PDT)  But it failed to restart.  It responds to ping, but does not allow a ssh or telnet. The screen output is:

allegra:~>ssh fb
ssh: connect to host fb port 22: Connection refused
allegra:~>telnet fb 8087
telnet: connect to address Connection refused
telnet: Unable to connect to remote host: Connection refused

Nor am I able to connect to c1ioo either....



  5321   Mon Aug 29 19:14:31 2011 SureshUpdateIOOWFS phase adjustments

[Valera, Suresh]

1) To see if there are significant dark-offsets on the WFS sensors we closed the PSL shutter and found that the offsets are in the 1% range.  We decided to ignore them for now.

2) To center the MC_REFL beam on the WFS we opened the PSL shutter, unlocked the MC and then centered the DC_PIT and DC_YAW signals in the C1IOO_WFS_QPD screen.

3) We then looked at the power spectrum of the I and Q signals from WFS1 to see if the spectrum looked okay and found that some of the quadrants looked very different from others.  The reason was traced to incorrect Comb60 filters.   After correcting these filters we adjusted the R phase angle in the WFS1_SETTINGS screen to suppress the 1Hz natural oscillation signal in the Q channels of all the four quadrants.  We repeated this process for WFS2

4) To see if the relative phase of all four quadrants was correct we first drove the MC_length and tried to check the phase of the response on each quadrant.  However the response was very weak as the signal was suppressed by the MC servo.  Increasing the drive made the PMC lock unstable.  So we introduced a 6Hz, 50mVpp signal from an SR785 into the MC_servo (Input2) and with this we were able to excite a significant response in the WFS without affecting the PMC servo.    By looking at the time series of the signals from the quadrants we set the R phase angle in WFS_Settings such that all the quadrants showed the same phase response to the MC_length modulation. 

     Using the larger response were were able to further tweak the R angle to supress the Q channels to about 1% of the I phase signals.

5)  I then edited the c1ioo.mdl so that we can use the six lockins just as they are used in MC_ASS.  However we can now set elements of the SEN_DMD_MATRX (sensor demod matrix) to select any of the MCL, WFS PIT and YAW channels (or a linear combination of them) for demodulation.  The change is shown below.  While compiling and model on C1IOO FE machine there were problems which eventually led to the FB crash.




  5327   Tue Aug 30 17:31:55 2011 SureshUpdateIOOC1IOO model reverted and fb restarted

I reverted the C1IOO model to the last working version and restarted the fb at this time..Tue Aug 30 17:28:38 PDT 2011

  5344   Tue Sep 6 17:43:01 2011 SureshUpdateIOOFree Swing ITMY started

Free swing of ITMY started at

Tue Sep  6 17:41:43 PDT 2011


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