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ID Date Author Type Category Subjectup
  4048   Mon Dec 13 21:03:30 2010 KevinUpdateElectronicsRF Photodiode Characterizations

[Koji, Jenne, Kevin]

Jenne worked on fixing REFL11 last week (see elog 4034) and was able to measure an electrical transfer function. Today, I tried to measure an optical transfer function but REFL11 is still not responding to any optical input. I tried shining both the laser and a flashlight on the PD but could not get any DC voltage.

I also completed the characterizations of POX. I redid the optical transfer function and shot noise measurements. I also took a time series of the RF output from the PD when it was powered on with no light. This measurement shows oscillations at about 225 MHz. I also measured the spectrum with no light which also shows the oscillations at 225 MHz and smaller oscillations at ~455 MHz.

The plots can be found at http://lhocds.ligo-wa.caltech.edu:8000/40m/Electronics/POX?action=show.

  4051   Tue Dec 14 04:14:53 2010 ranaUpdateElectronicsRF Photodiode Characterizations

This is looking better, but the fit data for the TF should be plotted along with the data. The data should be made up of points and the fit a line.

For the fit, we should have the Q of the main resonance as well as the peak height of the main resonance and the values of the gain at the notch frequencies.

Also the peak as well as the notches should have the frequencies fit for and labeled. In principle, you can make the plot on the wiki have all of the data. Then in the end we can print the plot in a small size and glue it to the PD's backside.

  4503   Fri Apr 8 01:05:45 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemRF Source Harmonics

 

 The measured power levels of the RF source harmonics are given below:

 

 

We are considering inclusion of bandpass filters centered on 11 and 55 MHz  to suppress the harmonics and meet the requirements specified in Alberto's thesis (page 88).

 

Attachment 1: RF_Source_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf
RF_Source_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf RF_Source_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf RF_Source_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf RF_Source_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf
  4557   Fri Apr 22 09:05:53 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemRF Source Harmonics
As seen in the previous measurement the first harmonic of both the 11 MHz and 55 MHz outputs are about 30dB
higher than desired.  In an attempt to attenuate these and higher harmonics I introduced SBP-10.7 filters into
the 11MHz outputs and SLP-50 filters into the 55 MHz outputs.
Then I measured the height of the harmonics again and found that they were suppressed as expected.  Now harmonic
at 22 MHz is 58dB lower than the 11 MHz fundamental.  And the 110 MHz is lower by 55 dB compared to the 55 MHz
fundamental.  None of the higher harmonics are seen => they are below 70dB

SLP-50 has an insertion loss(IL) of 4.65 dB and Return Loss(RL) of 3dB.  It would be better to use SBP-60
(IL=1.4 dB and RL=23dB)

The filter on the 11 MHz lines is okay. The SBP-10.7 has IL=0.6 dB and RL=23 dB.
  4559   Fri Apr 22 10:28:22 2011 ranaUpdateRF SystemRF Source Harmonics
You should be able to resolve the other harmonics by decreasing the IF BW or RBW on the analyzer. Even though
they're OK, its useful to have the final measurement of all of them in some kinds of physical units (like dBm, but
not dBm/Hz or dB or dBcubits).
  4628   Wed May 4 15:39:32 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemRF Source Harmonics


I have measured the RF source harmonics in dBm using the HP 8591E spectrum analyser. There is a small discrepancy (< 1 dBm) in the value of RF power shown by the power meter and the HP8591E. This is probably due to the loss of calibration over time.

Initial problem I faced was that when we try to measure the weak harmonics, many below -50dBm we have to choose a small band as advised by Rana. However due to the large amplitide of the fundamental typically around 15dBm or so, the preamp on the spectrum analyser becomes saturated and nonlinear. This gives rise spurious harmonics not present in the source but are rather an aritifact of measurement. The power in harmonics to avoid this I used filters to selectively attenuate the fundamental component (11 or 55 MHz) and then measure the weak harmonics.

However the filters proved difficult to use, because over their stop-band they do not have an input impedance of 50 Ohm. As a result they produce unreliable power measurements for those frequency components which are within the stop band.

To get around this problem I used a suitable attenuator so that even when the internal attenuation is decreased the preamp does not saturate

All the measurements are recorded in the attached document. Pages 4 and 5 give the reliable measurements with the attenuator.

Notes:
1) At times we can see the 29.5 MHz component reflected back from the triple resonant EOM driver.
2) In the 29.5 MHz source output there is a forest of peaks around 100 MHz, which disappear after passing through the AM stabiliser. This suggests that they are associated with AM modulation and have been removed by the stabilizer. But I did not check this further.










Quote:
You should be able tosd resolve the other harmonics by decreasing the IF BW or RBW on the analyzer. Even though
they're OK, its useful to have the final measurement of all of them in some kinds of physical units (like dBm, but
not dBm/Hz or dB or dBcubits).
Attachment 1: RF_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf
RF_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf RF_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf RF_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf RF_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf RF_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf RF_Harmonics_Sheet1.pdf
  4657   Sat May 7 10:59:11 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemRF Source filters changed

 

The SLP-50 filters which were on the 55 MHz lines have been replaced with the SBP-60.  Their respective characteristics are given below:

 

at 55MHz Insertion loss (dB) Return Loss (dB)
SLP-50 4.65 1.5
SBP-60 1.36 23

 

SBP-60 has lower insertion loss and higher return loss.  

This may however change the phase of I and Q in the demod boards and they will therefore need to be readjusted.  Currently the output power level of 55 MHz demod is at 2dBm, whereas it ought to be at 6dBm.   I have not yet corrected that.  Once that is completed Kiwamu will adjust the phases.

 I shifted the temperature sensor to a new location.  See the photograph below.  I noticed that the higher temperature is reached on the side where there are two RF Amps.  So it would be better to check the temperature of that  area and make sure that it remains well below 65 deg.  The operating maxium is 65deg C

 

Here is a picture of the new RF source layout.

RF_Source_Schematic.png

And here is a photograph of it

RF_Source.jpg

 

  4578   Thu Apr 28 06:46:30 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemRF Source installed

RF Source box has been mounted in the 1X2 rack. 

P4280064.JPG

 

Heliax cables have been directly attached to the box and anchored on the side of the 1X2 rack.  Here is a list of Helix cables which have been connected so far.

 

Cables old name New name From -> To
1 133 MHz 11 Mhz Demod 1X2 to 1Y2 rack
2 199 MHz 55 MHz Demod 1X2 to 1Y2 rack
3 166 EOM 11 MHz EOM 1X2 to PSL table
4 33 EOM 55 MHz EOM 1X2 to PSL table
5 REFL 33 AS11 AS table to 1Y2

 

  4558   Fri Apr 22 09:25:43 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemRF Source: Temperature sensor relocated

RF Amp operating temperature

Earlier measurement reported by Alberto in LIGO-T10004-61-v1 based on the LM34 temperature sensor were lower than that shown by placing a calibrated thermocouple sensor directly on the heat sink by about 5deg C. The difference probably arose because the LM34 was located on a separate free-hanging copper sheet attached to the RF Amp by a single screw, resulting in a gradient across the copper strip.   I tried to move the LM34 which was glued down, but broke the leads in the process.  I then replaced it with another one mounted much closer to the heat sink and held it down with a copper-strip clamp.  There is no glue involved and there is heatsink compound between the flat surface of the LM34 and the heatsink.  Picture attached. 

  The picture also shows the new filters which have been put in place to reduce the harmonics.  Note that the SBP-10.7 which was to go on the 11 MHz Demod output is located much farther upsteam due to space constraints.

P4220056.JPG

  4711   Fri May 13 01:51:56 2011 SureshUpdateRF SystemRF Status update

I have posted the attached RF status update and 1Y2 rack layout to the svn.

Attachment 1: 1Y2_Rack_Layout.pdf
1Y2_Rack_Layout.pdf
Attachment 2: RF_Work_Status.pdf
RF_Work_Status.pdf
  8979   Wed Aug 7 15:51:53 2013 Alex ColeConfigurationElectronicsRF Switch Change

For the photodetector frequency response project, our new RF Switch Chassis (NI pxie-1071) arrived today. I took the switches out of the old chassis (Note for future generations: you have to yank pretty darn hard) and put them in the new chassis, which I mounted in rack 1Y1 as pictured. 

The point of this new chassis is that its controller is compatible with our control room computer setup. We will be able to switch the chassis using TCP/IP or telnet, aiding in our automation of the measurement of photodetector frequency response.

Attachment 1: photo_(2).JPG
photo_(2).JPG
  3532   Tue Sep 7 13:31:49 2010 AlbertoUpdateElectronicsRF System - Frequency Distribution Box - Priority Plan

We need a distribution unit in the LSC rack to: 1) collect the demod signals coming from the Frequency Generation Box 2) adjust the power level 3) generate 2nd harmonics (for POP) 4) distribute the demod signals to the single demodulation boards.

The base line plan is the following:

Visio-RFsystem_plan_distributiont.png

The box can be build up gradually, but the priority goes to these parts:

 RFsystem_plant_distribution_priority.png

I need help for this work. I know exactly how to do it, I just don't have the time to do it all by myself.

 Besides the Distribution Box, the demodulation part of the upgrade would still require two steps:

1) upgrade the Band Pass Filters of the demodulation boards (I have all the parts)

2) cabling from the distribution box to the demod board (one-afternoon kind of job)

  4459   Wed Mar 30 02:55:02 2011 SureshConfigurationElectronicsRF System : Status and Plans

I have prepared several diagrams outlining the current state of the RF System.

These are uploaded into the svn40m here  and will be kept uptodate as we complete various parts of the task.  These plans have taken into account

the new priorities of the LSC (set out by Koji here )

We (Koji, Kiwamu and I) took stock of the RF cables which we have inherited from the earlier RF system and have made new plans for them.

I took stock of the filters purchased for the modifying the demod boards.  We have pretty much everything we need so I will start modifying the boards right away.   The following table summarises the modifications

 

PD freq # of PDs

LP Filter (U5)

  Demod board

Qty available Inline HP filter Qty available
11 MHz 5 SCLF-10.75 7 - -
22 MHz 1 SCLF-21.4 3 - -
33 MHz 2 SCLF-36 3 SHP-25 1
55 MHz 3 SCLF-65 4 SHP-50 2
110 MHz 1 SCLF-135 3 SHP-100 1
165MHz 3 SCLF-190 1 SHP-150 1

We seem to have a spare SHP-175.  I was wondering where that is supposed to go. 

This is the status and tentative schedule for completing the various tasks.  I have put the dates based on priority and state of the hardware.

 

The RF Cable layout plans are drawn on top of a Lab Layout.  The various subsystems are drawn (not to scale) on separate layers.  The graffle files are located here  .  I thought they might come in handy for others as well.

 

 

  13329   Sun Sep 24 20:47:15 2017 ranaUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsRF TF Uncertainties

I have made several changes to Craig's script for better pythonism. Its more robust with different libraries and syntaxes and makes a tarball by default (w/o a command line flag). These kinds of general util scripts will be going into a general use folder in the git.ligo.org/40m/ team area so that it can be used throughout the LSC.

I don't think we need/want a coherence calculation, so I have not included it. Usually, we use coherence to estimate the uncertainty, and here we are just plotting it directly from the dist of the sweeps so coherence seems superfluous.

Attachment 1: TFAG4395A_21-09-2017_115547_FourSquare.pdf
TFAG4395A_21-09-2017_115547_FourSquare.pdf
Attachment 2: TFAG4395A_21-09-2017_115547.tgz
  173   Thu Dec 6 15:21:59 2007 albertoFrogsElectronicsRF Transfer Function of Stiff Aluminum Wires
Transfer function of 3cm long Aluminum wires and of 3cm stranded wires
Attachment 1: TF_3cm_stiff_wires.amplitude.png
TF_3cm_stiff_wires.amplitude.png
Attachment 2: DSC_0225compressed.JPG
DSC_0225compressed.JPG
Attachment 3: TF_3cm_stranded_wires.amplitude.png
TF_3cm_stranded_wires.amplitude.png
  6837   Wed Jun 20 01:02:20 2012 JamieUpdateGreen LockingRF amp removed from X arm ALS setup

I very badly forgot to log about this in the crush of surfs.

I removed Koji's proto-beatbox RF comparator amp from the X arm ALS setup.  I was investigating hacking it onto one of the discriminator channels in the new beatbox, now that Yuta/Koji's Yuta/Koji's phase tracker is making the coarse beatbox path obsolete.  Upon further reflection we decided to just go ahead and stuff the beatbox board for the X arm, and use the proto-beatbox to test some faster ECL comparators.  This will be done first thing in the morning.

In the meantime the old amp is in my cymac mess on the far left of the electronics bench.

  11101   Thu Mar 5 11:18:28 2015 manasaUpdateGeneralRF amplifier box

I pulled out the RF amplifier box from the IOO rack and swapped the amplifiers for FOL beat frequency amplification. The earlier gain of 62dB (ZFL500LN + ZFL500LN) was reduced to 40dB gain (ZFL500LN+ZFL2AD).

I also swapped one of the broken sma cables that was connecting the two amplifiers with a good one. Front ports of the module were relabeled and the box was put back on the rack.

During the course of this work, I had to turn OFF the green BBPDs on the PSL table to protect them and they have been powered up after putting the module back.

Quote:

As Koji found one of the spare channels of the ALS/FOL RF amplifier box nonfunctional yesterday, I pulled it out to fix it. I found that one of the sma cables did not conduct.

It was replaced with a new cable from Koji. Also, I rearranged the ports to be consistent across the box, and re-labeled with the gains I observed. 

It has been reinstalled, and the Y frequency counter that is using one of the channels shows a steady beat freq.

I cannot test the amplitude of the green X beat at this time, as Koji is on the PSL table with the PSL shutter closed, and is using the control room spectrum analyzer. However, the dataviewer trace for the fine_phase_out_Hz looks like free swinging cavity motion, so its probably ok.

 

  10964   Mon Feb 2 16:58:56 2015 manasaUpdateGeneralRF amplifier for ALS

Today I was around the IOO rack.

I shutdown the power to the beat PDs on the PSL table and disconnected the D sub 3w3 connector that was powering the RF amplifier panel on the IOO rack.

I moved the RF amplifier from the panel to a box that can go on the rack. The box will also hold the RF amplifiers that will be used for FOL. I have not completed putting in all the amplifiers. But the RF amplifier for ALS is in place and the box has been installed on the IOO rack for locking tonight. The power supply to the green beat PDs has been switched ON.

I took the out of loop noise measurements for ALS X and Y and the attachment is the screenshot of it (X and Y have rms of ~300Hz and ~400Hz).

I had to touch the Y end steering mirrors for green to get maximum GTRY before making thes measurments.

Attachment 1: ALSXY_outLoop.png
ALSXY_outLoop.png
  10970   Tue Feb 3 16:43:48 2015 manasaUpdateGeneralRF amplifier for ALS

I pulled out the RF amplifier box from the IOO rack again and added the new RF amplifiers for FOL. 

I replaced one of the decoupling capacitors of the ALS beat note RF amplifier ; the poloproylene capacitor with a ceramic capacitor (0.1uF) .

After putting back the box, I confirmed that we had a beat note. I did not get a chance to measure the ALS noise after putting back the box because the IFO was already occupied.

I will post a detailed elog of the components in the RF amplifier box once I am done with it (hopefully tomorrow)!

  10977   Wed Feb 4 21:05:24 2015 manasaUpdateGeneralRF amplifier for ALS

The components of the RF amplifier box are in place. The RF amplifier box has been mounted on the IOO rack and the front panel connections have been labeled. Attached is the photo of how things look in the inside for future reference.

Sometime in the next few days the box will be pulled out to replace the panel mount SMA barrels in the front with insulated ones.

Attachment 1: RFampBox.png
RFampBox.png
  11026   Fri Feb 13 19:41:13 2015 ericqUpdateGeneralRF amplifier for ALS

As Koji found one of the spare channels of the ALS/FOL RF amplifier box nonfunctional yesterday, I pulled it out to fix it. I found that one of the sma cables did not conduct.

It was replaced with a new cable from Koji. Also, I rearranged the ports to be consistent across the box, and re-labeled with the gains I observed. 

It has been reinstalled, and the Y frequency counter that is using one of the channels shows a steady beat freq.

I cannot test the amplitude of the green X beat at this time, as Koji is on the PSL table with the PSL shutter closed, and is using the control room spectrum analyzer. However, the dataviewer trace for the fine_phase_out_Hz looks like free swinging cavity motion, so its probably ok.

  11027   Sat Feb 14 00:42:02 2015 KojiUpdateGeneralRF amplifier for ALS

The RF analyzer was returned to the control room. There are two beat notes from X/Y confirmed.

I locked the arms and aligned them with ASS.

When the end greens are locked at TEM00, X/Y beat amplitudes were ~33dBm and ~17dBm. respectively.
I don't judge if they are OK or not, as I don't recall the nominal values.

  4479   Thu Mar 31 20:37:10 2011 AidanSummaryGreen LockingRF amplitude source

 I gutted one of the $2 red laser pointers to build a laser source whose amplitude we could modulate at RF frequencies. Basically, I cut off the bulk of the housing from the pointer and soldered a BNC connection into the two terminals that the 2x 1.5V batteries were connected to. When I applied 3V across this BNC connector the diode still worked. So far so good.

Next I added a bias tee to the input. I put 3V across the DC input of the bias tee and added a -3dBm signal into the RF port of the tee. The laser beam was incident on a PDA100A (bandwidth of 1.7MHz) and, sure enough, Kiwamu and I could see a flat response in the amplitude at a given drive frequency out to around 1.7MHz.

We should check the response on a faster PD to see how fast the laser diode is, but we should be able to use this now to check the RF response of the green beat note PD. 

TO DO:

1. Add some capacitors across the DC input of the bias tee.

2. Do something about the switch on the laser diode.

3. Attach some labels to the laser that specify what is the required DC voltage and the maximum acceptable RF modulation amplitude.

Attachment 1: P1000543.jpg
P1000543.jpg
Attachment 2: P1000544.jpg
P1000544.jpg
Attachment 3: P1000545.jpg
P1000545.jpg
  2059   Tue Oct 6 20:09:50 2009 JenneOmnistructureEnvironmentRF area is clean!

I spent part of the afternoon cleaning up the area next to the Mode Cleaner where we keep all of our RF stuff:  Attenuators, BNC/SMA/LEMO adapters, Mini-Circuits items, and all sorts of other things which are useful while looking at our electronics/RF stuff.

We got another set of "Lyon" drawers, which aided in the organization process....Bob ordered 2, so we now have a 'spare' drawer set if anyone can think of something else to organize (unless this was premeditated for optics or something else?).

As you can see in the picture, (1) it's no longer a total disaster over there, and (2) some of the drawers have sub-divisions to make it faster and easier to find what you're looking for.  Please help out by putting things away in their proper place, and adding more labels or dividers to the drawers if there's something else which needs a 'spot'.

Attachment 1: DSC_0894.JPG
DSC_0894.JPG
  2060   Tue Oct 6 23:39:54 2009 KojiOmnistructureEnvironmentRF area is clean!

Awesome.

I propose that anyone who tries to do this kind of thoroughgoing cleaning should make an e-mail to call everyone available to join just for some hours
because every member has a responsibility to keep the lab organized.

And we have the list of things to do: Electronics (now it is halfway) / Cables / Optics / Screws / Tools ...

Quote:

I spent part of the afternoon cleaning up the area next to the Mode Cleaner where we keep all of our RF stuff:  Attenuators, BNC/SMA/LEMO adapters, Mini-Circuits items, and all sorts of other things which are useful while looking at our electronics/RF stuff.

We got another set of "Lyon" drawers, which aided in the organization process....Bob ordered 2, so we now have a 'spare' drawer set if anyone can think of something else to organize (unless this was premeditated for optics or something else?).

As you can see in the picture, (1) it's no longer a total disaster over there, and (2) some of the drawers have sub-divisions to make it faster and easier to find what you're looking for.  Please help out by putting things away in their proper place, and adding more labels or dividers to the drawers if there's something else which needs a 'spot'.

 

  10128   Thu Jul 3 16:28:38 2014 NichinUpdateElectronicsRF cables installed

 [ Nichin, Eric G]

RF cables have been installed between deomodulator output PD RF MON and the RF switch for the following PDs:

 REFL33, AS55, REFL55,REFL165,REFL11,POX11,POP22

The cables are labelled on both ends and have been run on the overhead tray.

The cabling looks neat on 1Y2, but not so much in 1Y1(RF switch). I will better organize them later.

There were quite a few more demodulator units labelled with PD names. Do any of them need to be included in the automated frequency response measurement system? Please let me know so that I can include them to the RF switch and check them for proper illumination, which i will do for all the above PDs next week.

Test run:

I tested the RF switch selection code and then the data acquisition code for the NWAG4395A network analyzer and they both seemed to work fine. I selected the channel to which AS55 is hooked up to and then remotely got its transfer function.

There is quite some noise in the system as the plot shows. Especially the phase. Maybe my driving power was a bit too low. Have to figure out the reason behind this.

Further work:

  • Make sure all the PDs are properly illuminated.
  • Create a DC voltage reading's database for all PDs.
  • Canonical plots for each PD to compare with the current data.
  • Implement a script to fit the transfer function and extract required information about the PD.

 

 

 

Attachment 1: AS55_03-07-2014_162634.pdf
AS55_03-07-2014_162634.pdf
  10142   Mon Jul 7 16:52:02 2014 manasaUpdateElectronicsRF cables need to be rerouted

The RF cables have been routed incorrectly. The cables run to the module from the front of the rack. We cannot close the doors to the racks if they are to remain this way.

I have asked Nichin to reroute the cables properly.

  10082   Fri Jun 20 16:36:44 2014 NichinUpdateElectronicsRF cables removed

 [Nichin, Eric G]

As mentioned in Elog 10062, we found RF cables running between demodulators in rack 1Y2 and RF switch in 1Y1 to have bad SMA connectors (No shield / bad soldering / no caps).

we pulled out all the cables belonging to PD frequency response measurement system , 8 in total, and all of them about 5.5m in length.

Their labels read :

REFL33, REFL11, REFL55, AS55, POX11, REFL165, POP22 and POP110. 

All of them are now sitting inside a plastic box in the contorl room.

On another note, instead of fixing all the cables ourselves, Steve and Eric G decided to order custom made RF cables from Pasternack as professionally soldered cables are worth it. We have placed an order for 2 cables (RG405-550CM) to check out  and test them before we order all of the cables.

  10145   Mon Jul 7 18:38:27 2014 NichinUpdateElectronicsRF cables rerouted

Quote:

The RF cables have been routed incorrectly. The cables run to the module from the front of the rack. We cannot close the doors to the racks if they are to remain this way.

I have asked Nichin to reroute the cables properly.

RF cables have been rerouted from the side of the rack, under the supervising eye of Manasa.

I moved the red ladder from near 1X4 to 1Y1 and back again.

Current list of RF cables:

REFL11, REFL33, REFL55, REFL165,

AS55

POX11

POP22

POY11

I have not connected them to the RF switch yet. ( until I figure out how to get both the switches working properly)

Attachment 1: 1.png
1.png
Attachment 2: 2.png
2.png
  10147   Mon Jul 7 22:07:29 2014 ranaUpdateElectronicsRF cables rerouted

This Red Ladder movement also probably included some bumping of the MC2 stack (be more careful when working in the lab). Around 5 PM today, the MC lost lock.

When I came in later, I found that the MC was flashing the TEM17,9 mode and had been misaligned like this for ~1 hour. I looked through the MC SUS sensor trends and moved MC2 back to its old position to get the locking back. I disabled the WFS, tweaked the TEM00 mode alignment using only MC2 sliders, and then re-enabled WFS. Its been OK for the past 5 hours.

Attachment 1: Untitled.pdf
Untitled.pdf
  10202   Tue Jul 15 12:36:17 2014 NichinUpdateElectronicsRF cables rerouted

Quote:

 

I have not connected them to the RF switch yet. ( until I figure out how to get both the switches working properly)

 I went into the lab and connected the RF cables to the Mux. Will take measurements for each PD henceforth.

  4505   Fri Apr 8 20:43:46 2011 kiwamuSummaryIOORF combiner + resonant box : impedance and reflection coefficient

 The input impedance of the resonant box was measured when an RF combiner was attached to the box.

Indeed the combiner makes the impedance more 50 Ohm and reduces the reflection.

 

**** measurement conditions ****

* The output of box, where the EOM will be connected,  was open so that the box tries resonating with a parasitic capacitor instead of the real EOM.

* ZFSC-3-13, a 3-way combiner from mini circuit, was used.

* The S-port of the combiner was directly attached to the box with a short connector (~ 30 mm).

* Port 1 and 2 are terminated by 50 Ohm.

* The input impedance was measured on port 3 with AG4395A net work analyzer.

* Reflection coefficient 'Gamma' were calculated from the measured impedance 'Z' by using an equation Gamma = (50-Z)/(50+Z).

imp_refl.png

The resonances are found at 11, 29 and 73 MHz (55 MHz resonance was shifted to 73 MHz because of no EOM).

Note that the resonances are at frequencies where the notches appear in the reflection coefficient plot.

Don't be confused by a peak at 70 MHz in the impedance. This is an extra resonance due to a leakage inductance from the transformer in the circuit.

Quote: from #4504

An RF combiner should be included in the triple resonant box because it eases impedance mismatching and hence lowers undesired RF reflections.

  4504   Fri Apr 8 19:43:03 2011 kiwamuSummaryIOORF combiner eases impedance mismatching

An RF combiner should be included in the triple resonant box because it eases impedance mismatching and hence lowers undesired RF reflections.

Therefore we should use three cables to send the RF signals to the box and then combine them in the box.

 

(RF combiner)

 With proper terminations an RF combiner shows 50 Ohm input impedance.

But it still shows nearly 50 Ohm input impedance even if the source port is not properly terminated (i.e. non 50 Ohm termination).

This means any bad impedance mismatching on the source port can be somewhat brought close to 50 Ohm by a combiner.

  The amount of deviation from 50 Ohm in the input impedance depends on the circuit configuration of  the combiner as well as the termination impedance.

For example a resistive 3-way splitter shows 40 Ohm when the source port is shorten and the other ports are terminated with 50 Ohm.

Also it shows 62.5 Ohm when the source port is open and the other ports are terminated with 50 Ohm.

In this way an RF combiner eases  impedance mismatching on the source port.

 

(RF signal transfer at the 40m)

 According to the prototype test of the resonant box it will most likely have a non-50 Ohm input impedance at each modulation freqeucy.

If we install the resonant box apart from the combiner it will create RF reflections due to the mismatch (Case 1 in the diagram below)

The reflection creates standing waves which may excite higher harmonics and in the worst case it damages the RF sources.

 To reduce such a reflection one thing we can do is to install the combiner as a part of the resonant box (Case 2).

It will reduce the amount of the mismatching in the input impedance of the resonant circuit and results less reflections.

A rule we should remember is that a cable always needs to be impedance matched.

 

modulationBox.png

  4517   Tue Apr 12 18:15:07 2011 kiwamuSummaryIOORF combiner is more like attenuator

I realized that my impedance matching theory on an RF combiner was wrong !

In fact an RF combiner behaves more like an attenuator according to a reflection measurement that I did today.

A 3-way combiner reduces power of an input signal by a factor of 4.8 dB because it can be also considered as a 3-way splitter.

So it is just a lossy component or in other words it is just an attenuator.

 

(reflection measurement)

To check my speculation that I posted on #4504 I measured reflection coefficients for both cases.

In the measurement I used a heliax cable, which goes from 1X2 rack to the PSL table with a length of about 10 m. Note that this is the cable that had been used as '33 MHz EOM'.

At the input of the heliax cable it was connected to a direction coupler to pick off reflections and the reflected signal was sampled in AG4395A.

The other end of the cable (output side of the cable) was basically connected to the resonant box.

Then I did a reflection measurement for both cases as drawn in this entry (see #4504).

  - case 1 -  the combiner was inserted at the input side of the heliax cable.

  - case 2 - the combiner was directly attached to the resonant box

On the combiner, ZFSC-3-13, the port 1 and 2 were terminated with 50 Ohm, therefore the port 3 was used as an input and the source port is the output.

Here is a resultant plot of the reflection measurements.

reflection_test.png

Note that whole data are calibrated so that it gives 0 dB when the output side of the heliax is open.

There are two things we can notice from this plot:

 (1) The reflection coefficient at the resonant frequencies (where notches appear) are the same for both cases.

 (2) Over the measured frequency range the reflections were attenuated by a factor of about 9.6 dB , which is twice as large as the insertion loss of the combiner.

These facts basically indicates that  the RF combiner behaves as a 4.8 dB attenuator.

Hence the location of the combiner doesn't change the situation in terms of RF reflections.

Quote from #4505

 The input impedance of the resonant box was measured when an RF combiner was attached to the box.

Indeed the combiner makes the impedance more 50 Ohm and reduces the reflection.

 

 

  655   Thu Jul 10 14:59:01 2008 robUpdateLockingRF common mode at zero offset
rob, john, yoichi

Last night we succeeded in reducing the CARM offset to zero.

We handed off control of the common mode servo from PO-DC to POX-I.

We pushed the common mode servo bandwidth to ~19kHz. Without the boosts, it had ~80 degs of phase margin. Didn't measure it after engaging the boosts (Boost + 1 superboost). Trying to engage the second superboost stage broke the lock.

The process is fully scripted, and the script worked all the way through several times.

The DARM ugf was ~200Hz. The RSE peak could clearly be seen. No optical spring, as expected (we're locking in anti-spring mode).

Engaging test mass de-whitening filters did not work (broke the lock).

I'm attaching a lock control sequence diagram and a trend of the arm power during a scripted up-sequence. I think the script can be sped up significantly (especially the long ramp period).

Up next:

Calibrated DARM spectrum
Noise hunting (start with dewhites)
DC - Readout
Lock to the springy side.
Attachment 1: lock_control_sequence_worked.png
lock_control_sequence_worked.png
Attachment 2: trendpowerbuild.png
trendpowerbuild.png
  661   Fri Jul 11 23:55:25 2008 alanUpdateLockingRF common mode at zero offset

Quote:
rob, john, yoichi

Last night we succeeded in reducing the CARM offset to zero.



Congratulations! Well done! I look forward to hearing the details and further progress!
  10919   Mon Jan 19 11:03:32 2015 manasaUpdateGeneralRF connections to adder

RF connections to the beat note adder on the IOO rack have been undone and it should be good to proceed with any locking attempts.

Quote:

I was around the PSL table and the X end table today.

X end table:

I was at the X end table making some distance measurements for the telescope to the fiber coupler. I have NOT moved anything as yet.

PSL table:

I wanted to get some data to look at the beat note frequency discrepancy between the green and IR. 

I tried making measurements using the spectrum analyzer at the PSL table but the MC was getting unlocked quite often with PSL enclosure open and HEPA on high. 

So I switched off the power supplies to the RFPDs (3 of them) on the PSL table and disconnected the Xmon input to the adder (at the IOO rack) which brings the green beat note signals to the conrol room. I connected the fiber RFPD output to the adder and took a bunch of measurements of the green and IR beat notes from the spectrum analyzer in the control room. I have NOT undone this setup assuming there are no locking plans for tonight and I will come back tomorrow. 

If anyone is planning to do some locking in the meantime, you can undo the connections keeping in mind to turn off the power to the RFPDs before you do so.

P.S. I walked in this morning to PSL FSS slow actuator at 0.89 and brought it down to zero before making measurements.
I also touched the steering mirrors that are part of the Y green beat note alignment while looking at the amplitude of the RF signal on the spectrum analyzer.

 

  5744   Wed Oct 26 23:03:03 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCRF distribution box : two more 55MHz available

The RF distribution box has been modified so that it generates two more 55 MHz LO signals.

After the modification I put the box back in place.

Then I checked the MICH and YARM locking quickly as a working test of the distribution box and it is working fine so far.

I will update the diagram of the RF distribution box (#4342) tomorrow.

 

(Motivation)

  Since we newly installed POP55 (#5743) an LO signal was needed for the demodulation.

However the RF distribution box didn't have any extra LO outputs.

Therefore we had to make a modification on the RF distribution box so that we can have a 55MHz LO signal for POP55.

Eventually I made two more 55MHz outputs including one spare.

 

(Modification)

The box actually had two extra output SMAs which had been just feed-thru connectors on the front panel without any signals going through.

In the box the modules consist of two categories; the 11MHz system and 55MHz system. I modified only a part of the 55MHz system.

The modification was done in this way:

  * split two branches of 55MHz into four branches by installing two new power splitters (ZMSC-2-1).

  * made and installed some SMA cables whose length were adjusted to be nicely fit in the box.

  * readjustment of the RF levels to 0-2 dBm at the outputs by replacing some attenuators.

  * checked the signals if all of them were happily coming out or not.

Also I found that the POX11 and POY11 demod boards were connected to the whitening filters in a wrong way.

The I and Q signals were in a wrong order. So I corrected them so that the upper inputs in the whitening filter is always the I signal.

 

(RF levels on 55MHz LO outputs)

Since the demod board requires a certain level of the RF signal as as LO, the LO signals have to be 0-2 dBm.

Here are the RF level in each 55MHz output after the adjustment of the level.

     AS55 =  0.76 dBm

     REFL55 = 0.76 dBm

     POP55 = 0.79 dBm

     spare = 0.83 dBm

Those numbers were measured by an oscilloscope and the oscilloscope was configured to measure the rms with the input impedance matched to 50Ohm.

In the measurement I used the actual input seed 55MHz signal from the RF generation box to drive the distribution box.

  5746   Thu Oct 27 16:09:37 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCRF distribution box : two more 55MHz available

The diagram of the RF distribution box has been updated according to the modification ( #5744).

Both pdf and graffle files are available on the 40m svn : https://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:30889/svn/trunk/suresh/40m_RF_upgrade/

Here shows the latest version of the diagram.

RF_Distribution_Box.png

Quote from #5744

I will update the diagram of the RF distribution box (#4342) tomorrow.

  9095   Mon Sep 2 16:46:32 2013 JenneUpdateElectronicsRF distribution box is on the bench

I have pulled the RF distribution box out of the rack, so I can look at it, and modify it to have 2 110 MHz spigots. I'm going to make the mods as in elog 9072.

Before I pulled the distribution box, I turned off the RF Generation Box, so don't be surprised that the MC will not lock.  I have terminated the cables that bring the 11 and 55 MHz signals from the generation box to the distribution box, so if someone does turn on the generation box, there won't be bad reflections.

To get the box out, in addition to unplugging all of the cables that go to the distribution box, I had to disconnect 2 of the ADC ribbon cables from the top row of RFPD demod / whitening / ADC boards, since they were in the way.  Everything is labeled, so it should be easy to put back together.

Note to Future Jenne:  Past Jenne put the screws needed for those ADC cables and to hold the box in the rack, in the plastic box that is on the floor in front of the LSC rack. 

Also, I measured the 110 MHz port before I pulled the board, so I would know what my "before" looked like.  I was using the 300MHz 'scope's measurement functions, so these are in volts, not dBm.  Amplitude = 1.33V, RMS = 456 mV, freq = 109.4-111.9 MHz

  9563   Tue Jan 21 19:41:59 2014 JenneUpdateElectronicsRF distribution box power button fail

Rana, Gabriele and I are trying to measure the FSR of the PRC (elog about that later), and we turned off the power to the RF generation box so that we could switch cables at the EOM combiner.  However, as in elog 9101, the power button won't latch when we try to turn the power back on.  All 3 of us tried, to no avail.  For our measurement, poor Gabriele is standing holding the button pushed in, so that we can have some RF sidebands. 

Tomorrow, we'll have to pull the RF generation box, and put in a better switch.

  9566   Wed Jan 22 16:36:45 2014 ericqUpdateElectronicsRF distribution box power button fail

Quote:

Rana, Gabriele and I are trying to measure the FSR of the PRC (elog about that later), and we turned off the power to the RF generation box so that we could switch cables at the EOM combiner.  However, as in elog 9101, the power button won't latch when we try to turn the power back on.  All 3 of us tried, to no avail.  For our measurement, poor Gabriele is standing holding the button pushed in, so that we can have some RF sidebands. 

Tomorrow, we'll have to pull the RF generation box, and put in a better switch.

I replaced the stupid broken fancy button with a simple sturdy switch. I had to file out the hole in the chassis a bit, but the switch is pressed in tightly and securely. I put the box back in the rack, but the power cable was coming directly from the power supplies with no fuses. The box was drawing ~.9 and 1.5 Amps from two supplies, so I put 2A fuses on both. Plugged everything back in, and the mode cleaner locks, so it looks like all is well.

RXA: When its so close, I prefer to size it up by 1 step. Please change to 5A fuses. Otherwise, we may blow them from power glitches.

Q: 5A fuses have been swapped in

  9096   Mon Sep 2 18:06:21 2013 JenneUpdateElectronicsRF distribution box: 110 MHz LO options

After scrounging for parts, and opening up the box, I have modified my proposal to the following:

RF_distribution_box_proposed_modifications.pdf

Note that the freq multiplier is supposed to take, at maximum, 15 dBm.  The reason I put the 5 dB attenuator, then an amplifier, then another attenuator is that I don't know of / can't find easily a 10 dB amplifier with the usual case type on the MiniCircuits site.  (If anyone knows of one off the top of their head, that would be handy.  Then I'd remove the attenuator between the multiplier and the amplifier, and make the 10 dB attenuator a 5 dB.)

Anyhow, the ZFL-500HLN can only output 16 dBm of power, and I don't think I have space for another ZHL-2 (which can output up to 26 dBm) inside the box, so I put an attenuator before, as well as after, the amplifier. 

I think I have space inside the box for all the bits and pieces I'll need, although to do things correctly, I need to drill holes in the teflon mounting plate to mount the amplifier and splitter.

0902131751.jpg

I also think that I have space on the front panel to put another isolated SMA feedthrough.

0902131751a.jpg

I have, on my desk, all the parts (except for mounting screws, and cables between things) to make these modifications to the distribution box. 

  9099   Tue Sep 3 21:08:13 2013 JenneUpdateElectronicsRF distribution box: 110 MHz LO options

The RF distribution box is still on the bench, so again, don't be surprised that the MC doesn't lock.

I have completed my modifications as proposed in elog 9096, but I want to do a couple of quickie tests in the morning before I declare it ready for service.

  9101   Wed Sep 4 16:06:40 2013 JenneUpdateElectronicsRF distribution box: Reinstalled

I have reinstalled the RF distribution box, as well put in the AS110 demod board.  I plugged everything back in, and turned it all on.

The switch on the distribution box may be starting to fail.  When I was turning the box on, I could depress the button, and see the blue glow, but it wouldn't catch, so when I removed my finger, the glow went away.  I was afraid that I'd have to pull the box, but after a few more button toggles, I got it to stay on.  I'm leaving it for now, but we should remember that this may be a problem.

I will look at the phases of all the PDs, but none should need changing except POP 110.  Every other PD has the exact same cables as before.

  9106   Wed Sep 4 21:44:54 2013 Not JenneUpdateElectronicsRF distribution box: Reinstalled

Temporary fix for the switch: give a bit of oil to the button

Permanent fix: buy better switches.

  4010   Fri Dec 3 15:56:50 2010 Joonho, Jenne.SummaryElectronicsRF distribution unit plan

The last time(Moonday) Jenne and I worked on the RF distribution unit's structure.

We are making RF distribution unit for RF upgrade which is designed by Alberto.

 

Rana, Koji, Jenne suggested a better design for RF Distribution unit.

So Jenne and I gathered information of parts and decided what parts will be used with specific numbers.

Specific circuit is shown in the attached picture.

 

Any suggestion would be really appreciated.

Attachment 1: RFsystem_plant_VISIO2.png
RFsystem_plant_VISIO2.png
  3976   Tue Nov 23 11:32:03 2010 JoonhoSummaryElectronicsRF distribution unit.

The last time(Friday) I made an arrangement for RF distribution unit.

I am making RF distribution unit for RF upgrade which is designed by Alberto.

 

To reduce a noise from loose connection,

I tried to make the number of hard connect as much as possible while reducing the number of connection via wire.

This is why I put splitters right next to the front pannel so that the connection between pannel plugs and splitters could be made of hard joints.

I attached the arrangement that I made on the last Friday.

 

Next time, I will drill the teflon(the supporting plate) for assembly.

Any suggestion would be really appreciated.

Attachment 1: Frequency_Distribution_Unit_Arrangement.jpg
Frequency_Distribution_Unit_Arrangement.jpg
  15343   Fri May 22 01:43:18 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsRF electronics trouble

To test a hypothesis, I have left the PSL shutter closed. I notice significant glitches in the dark electronics offsets on all the 11 MHz photodiode I/Q demodulated input channels, which appear coherent. These are non-negligible in magnitude - for now they are uncalibrated in cts, but for an estimate, the POX11 channel shows a shift of ~20 cts (~200uV at the input to the whitening board), while the PDH fringe is ~200 cts pk2pk. A first look is in Attachment #1. The fact that it's in all the 11 MHz channels makes me suspect something in the RF chain, maybe some amplifier? I'll open the shutter tomorrow.

Attachment 1: RFPDglitches.png
RFPDglitches.png
  7447   Thu Sep 27 16:26:11 2012 SteveUpdateLSCRF fibre protection in cable trays

Quote:

Jenne, Mike and I installed all of the post holders we could today including: REFL11, REFL33, REFL55, AS55, MCRef, POX11 and POP55.  We did not install AS110, POY or REFL165 because there are interferences that will require moving stuff around. We also did not mount POP22 because it is a peely wally ThorLabs PD that will be replaced by a strong, straight and right thinking LIGO PD in the fullness of time.  We did move it out of the way however which is no more than it deserves. Next step this afternoon Mike and I will install all of the telescopes and launching hardware.  Then with the help of Steve we will begin routing the fibers.  The 1x16 splitter module will be here by next Monday, the laser by the following Friday and then we will light up the fibers. 

 I'm proposing split loom tubing that would run in the cable tray  to protect the fibers  inside of it.  This tubing diameter in the cable tray can be 1.5-2"  and out of the tray 0.75"

 

ELOG V3.1.3-