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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  3574   Wed Sep 15 01:58:28 2010 valeraUpdatePSLFSS locking

The RefCav is locked and aligned. I changed the fast gain sign by changing the jumper setting on the TTFSS board. The RefCav visibility is 70%. The FSS loop ugf is about 80 kHz (plot attached. there is 10 dB gain in the test point path. this is why the ugf is at 10 dB when measured using in1 and in2 spigots on the front of the board.)  with FSS common gain max out at 30 dB. There is about 250 mW coming out of the laser and 1 mW going to RefCav out of the back of the PMC. So the ugf can be made higher at full power. I have not made any changes to account for the PMC pole (the FSS is after the PMC now). The FSS fast gain was also maxed out at 30 dB to account for the factor of 5 smaller PZT actuation coefficient - it used to be 16 dB according to the (previous) snap shot. The RefCav TRANS PD and camera are aligned. I tuned up the phase of the error signal by putting cables in the LO and PD paths. The maximum response of the mixer output to the fast actuator sweep of the fringe was with about 2 feet of extra cable in the PD leg.

I am leaving the FSS unlocked for the night in case it will start oscillating as the phase margin is not good at this ugf.

Attachment 1: DSC_2510.JPG
DSC_2510.JPG
  3575   Wed Sep 15 03:08:26 2010 KojiUpdatePSLFSS locking

Brilliant! This is the VERY way how the things are to be conquered!

Quote:

The RefCav is locked and aligned. I changed the fast gain sign by changing the jumper setting on the TTFSS board. The RefCav visibility is 70%. The FSS loop ugf is about 80 kHz (plot attached)  with FSS common gain max out at 30 dB. There is about 50 mW coming out of the laser and a few mW going to RefCav out of the back of the PMC. So the ugf can be made higher at full power. I have not made any changes to account for the PMC pole (the FSS is after the PMC now). The FSS fast gain was also maxed out at 30 dB to account for the factor of 5 smaller PZT actuation coefficient - it used to be 16 dB according to the (previous) snap shot. The RefCav TRANS PD and camera are aligned. I tuned up the phase of the error signal by putting cables in the LO and PD paths. The maximum response of the mixer output to the fast actuator sweep of the fringe was with about 2 feet of extra cable in the PD leg.

I am leaving the FSS unlocked for the night in case it will start oscillating as the phase margin is not good at this ugf.

 

  3587   Sun Sep 19 18:52:52 2010 ranaConfigurationPSLNPRO SLOW servo settings updated for Innolight NPRO

Our new 2W Mephisto has a pretty zippy "SLOW" temperature input. Tuning the perl PID servo, I found that the best response came from setting

the "P" and "D" terms to zero. This is because the internal temperature stabilization servo has a fairly high UGF. In the attached

image you can see how the open loop step response looks (loop is open then the "KI" parameter is set to zero). The internal servo

really has too little damping. There is a 30% overshoot when it gets a temperature step. For this kind of servo Innolight would have done better

to back off on the gain until they got back some phase margin.

New SLOW parameters:

timestep = 1.9 s

KP = 0

KI = 0.035

KD = 0

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
Untitled.png
  3591   Mon Sep 20 17:10:10 2010 steveConfigurationPSL enclosure beam guides to IFO are installed

The PSL out  2" OD beam guide tube was cut  1.5" shorter to 13.5"

The 10" OD  0.25" wall Al tube was replaced by a  lighter, not anodized and thinner  wall 0.094" tube of 15.5" lenght, that is 0.75" shorter.

The new position of the PSL table made these cuts necessary.

  3603   Thu Sep 23 23:24:43 2010 rana, johnny, taraSummaryPSLAM modulate AOM to measure RefCav Thermo-Optic coefficient

Big Johnny and I hacked a function generator output into the cross-connect of the 80 MHz VCO driver so that we could modulate the

amplitude of the light going into the RefCav. The goal of this is to measure the coefficient between cavity power fluctuations and the

apparent length fluctuations. This is to see if the thermo-optic noise in coatings behaves like we expect.

 

To do this we disconnected the wire #2 (white wire) at the cross-connect for the 9-pin D-sub which powers the VCO driver. This is

called VCOMODLEVEL (on the schematic and the screen). In the box, this modulates the gain in the homemade high power Amp which

sends the actual VCO signal to the AOM.

 

This signal is filtered inside the box by 2 poles at 34 Hz. I injected a sine wave of 3 Vpp into this input. The mean value was 4.6 V. The

RCTRANSPD = 0.83 Vdc. We measure a a peak there of 1.5 mVrms. To measure the frequency peak we look in

the FSS_FAST signal from the VME interface card. With a 10 mHz linewidth, there's no peak in the data above the background. This signal

is basically a direct measure of the signal going to the NPRO PZT, so the calibration is 1.1 MHz/V.

 

We expect a coefficient of ~20 Hz/uW (input power fluctuations). We have ~1 mW into the RC, so we might expect a ~20 Hz frequency shift.

That would be a peak-height of 20 uV. In fact, we get an upper limit of 10 uV.


 Later, with more averaging, we get an upper limit of 1e-3 V/V which translates to 1e-3 * 1.1 MHz / 1 mW ~ 1 Hz/uW. This is substantially lower

than the numbers in most of the frequency stabilization papers. Perhaps, this cavity has a very low absorption?

  3610   Mon Sep 27 00:33:50 2010 ranaUpdatePSLHigh Voltage Driver added to TTFSS -> NPRO

We added the Thorlabs HV Driver in between the FSS and the NPRO today. The FSS is locking with it, but we haven't taken any loop gain measurements.

This box takes 0-10 V and puts out 0-150 V. I set up the FSS SLOW loop so that it now servos the output of FAST ot be at +5V instead of 0V. This is an OK

temporary solution. In the future, we should add an offset into the output of the FSS board so that the natural output is 0-10 V.

I am suspicious that the Thorlabs box has not got enough zip to give us a nice crossover and so we should make sure to measure its frequency response with a capacitive load.

  3618   Wed Sep 29 01:53:44 2010 ranaUpdatePSLpaths broken and VCO turned off

I found that several linux libraries have been moved around and disabled today. In particular, I see a bunch of new stuff in apps/linux/ and ezca tools are not working.

Who did this and why is there no ELOG ???

 

Also found that someone has pulled the power cable to the function generator I was using to set the VCO offset. This is the one on top of the Rb clocks. Why?? Why no elog? This is again a big waste of time.

  3640   Fri Oct 1 21:34:14 2010 rana, taraUpdatePSLHigh Voltage Driver added to TTFSS -> NPRO

Quote:

We added the Thorlabs HV Driver in between the FSS and the NPRO today. The FSS is locking with it, but we haven't taken any loop gain measurements.

This box takes 0-10 V and puts out 0-150 V. I set up the FSS SLOW loop so that it now servos the output of FAST ot be at +5V instead of 0V. This is an OK

temporary solution. In the future, we should add an offset into the output of the FSS board so that the natural output is 0-10 V.

I am suspicious that the Thorlabs box has not got enough zip to give us a nice crossover and so we should make sure to measure its frequency response with a capacitive load.

 

 We measured the Thorlabs HV Driver's TF today. It is quite flat from 1k to 10k before going up to 25 dB at 100k,

and the response does not change with the DC offset input.

 

The driver is used for driving the NPRO's PZT which requires higher voltage than that of the previous setup.

We need to understand how the driver might effect the FSS loop TF, and we want to make sure that the driver

will have the same response with DC input offset.

 

Setup

 

We used SR785 to measure the TF. Source ch was split by a T, one connected to Driver's input, another one connected to the reference (ch A). See fig2.

The driver output was split by another T. One output was connected to NPRO,

another was connected to a 1nF capacitor in a Pomona box, as a high pass filer (for high voltage), then to the response (ch B)

 The source input is  DC offset by 2V which corresponds to 38 V DC offset on the driver's output.

The capacitance of the PZT on the NPRO is 2.36 nF, as measured by LC meter.

 

 The result shows that the driver's TF is flat from 1k to 10k, and goes up at higher frequency, see fig1.

 

The next step is trying to roll of the gain at high frequency for PZT. A capacitor connected to ground might be used to roll off the frequency of the driver's output.

We will inspect the TF at higher frequency (above 100 kHz) as well.

            

Attachment 1: NPROTF.png
NPROTF.png
Attachment 2: 2010_10_01.png
2010_10_01.png
  3641   Mon Oct 4 06:47:46 2010 rana, taraUpdatePSLHigh Voltage Driver added to TTFSS -> NPRO

Inside the FSS box, the FAST path has a ~10 Hz pole made up from the 15k resistor and the 1 uF cap before the output connector.

This should be moved over to the output of the driver to make the driver happy - without yet measuring the high frequency response,

it looks like to me that its becoming unhappy with the purely capacitive load of the NPRO's PZT. This will require a little surgery inside

the FSS box, but its probably justified now that we know the Thorlabs box isn't completely horrible.

 

  3667   Thu Oct 7 14:39:50 2010 yutaUpdatePSLmeasured PMC's laser power-output relation

(Rana, Yuta)

Motivation:

 We wanted to see thermal effects on the PMC.

What I did yesterday:
 Changed the current of the NPRO from 2A to 0.8A and measured the power of the reflected/transmitted light from the PMC when locked.
 I also measured the power of the reflected light when PMC is not locked (It supposed to be proportional to the output power of the laser).

Result:
 Attached. Hmmmm......
 At several points of the laser current, I could'nt lock the PMC very well. The power of the reflected/transmitted light depend on the offset voltage of the PZT.
 When the laser power was weak(~<0.9A), the power of reflected/transmitted light changed periodically(~ several minutes).

Attachment 1: PMCreflect.png
PMCreflect.png
  3669   Thu Oct 7 15:05:46 2010 KojiUpdatePSLmeasured PMC's laser power-output relation

It was a bit difficult to comprehend the result.
Is it good? or bad? Have you seen the thermal effect? or not?

- Put linear lines to show the visibility of the cavity.

- Calibrate the incident power and make another plot to show the visibility (%) vs the incident power (W).

Quote:

(Rana, Yuta)

Motivation:

 We wanted to see thermal effects on the PMC.

What I did yesterday:
 Changed the current of the NPRO from 2A to 0.8A and measured the power of the reflected/transmitted light from the PMC when locked.
 I also measured the power of the reflected light when PMC is not locked (It supposed to be proportional to the output power of the laser).

Result:
 Attached. Hmmmm......
 At several points of the laser current, I could'nt lock the PMC very well. The power of the reflected/transmitted light depend on the offset voltage of the PZT.
 When the laser power was weak(~<0.9A), the power of reflected/transmitted light changed periodically(~ several minutes).

 

  3670   Thu Oct 7 15:21:51 2010 steveUpdatePSLRF filter for PMC

We got two small RF filter for the PMC from Valera  They are made by http://www.larkengineering.com/   "MC35.5-3-AB" sma, 29300-01

Attachment 1: 35.5MHZ.pdf
35.5MHZ.pdf
  3672   Thu Oct 7 16:34:06 2010 yutaUpdatePSLmeasured PMC's laser power-output relation

Result2:
 Attached is the visibility vs incident power(assuming output of the PD is proportional to the input laser power).
 Ideally, the graph should be flat. (In another words, attached graph in the elog #3667 shoud be linear.)
 But the visibility reduces with higher laser power in this graph. This is maybe because of the thermal effect. I'm thinking about how to confirm this.

 Quote:

It was a bit difficult to comprehend the result.
Is it good? or bad? Have you seen the thermal effect? or not?

- Put linear lines to show the visibility of the cavity.

- Calibrate the incident power and make another plot to show the visibility (%) vs the incident power (W).

Quote:

(Rana, Yuta)

Motivation:

 We wanted to see thermal effects on the PMC.

What I did yesterday:
 Changed the current of the NPRO from 2A to 0.8A and measured the power of the reflected/transmitted light from the PMC when locked.
 I also measured the power of the reflected light when PMC is not locked (It supposed to be proportional to the output power of the laser).

Result:
 Attached. Hmmmm......
 At several points of the laser current, I could'nt lock the PMC very well. The power of the reflected/transmitted light depend on the offset voltage of the PZT.
 When the laser power was weak(~<0.9A), the power of reflected/transmitted light changed periodically(~ several minutes).

 

 

Attachment 1: PMCvis.png
PMCvis.png
  3698   Tue Oct 12 16:35:17 2010 steveConfigurationPSLPSL output monitor in place

Innolight PSL laser is set to @2.1A , ~1.6W output ! Please scan out when finished! 

The output monitoring pick up window W2-LW-2-2050-UV-1064-45S is in place. IOO_ANG_OPD and IOO_POS_QPD roughly aligned.

The PMC alignment and/ or mode matching is bad. PMC reflected is 50%, throughput 600mW

Remember to block PSL output ! into IFO

 

  3709   Wed Oct 13 21:08:40 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLNPRO is still alive

 The NPRO at the PSL table still can generate 2W laser !  He is still alive.

  When I reduced the temperature to  25 deg, the output power increased to 2W successfully.

  As Steve wrote down in his last entry (see here), the NPRO output was at 1.6 W currently, which is supposed to be 2W.

We were suspicious about the laser crystal's temperature because the current temperature looks a bit high.

In fact the setpoint of the temperature was 45.9 deg instead of 25 deg that is the previous setpoint.

 

  3717   Thu Oct 14 12:53:29 2010 yutaUpdatePSLmesured PMC's visibility vs power relation

Background:
 I measured the PMC's visibility vs incident power relation last week to see the thermal effect, but I didn't calibrated the laser power(see elog #3672).
 So, I calibrated it on Oct 12.

Setup:

 Attachment #1
 The laser grade window PW-1025-UV-1064-45P had power reflectivity of about 0.5% in this setup.

What I did:
1. Calibrated the laser power(Attachment #2).
  To measure the laser power, I put the Ophir power meter at just in front of "PMC REFL PD".

2. For the calculation of the visibility K, I used the following formula;
 K= [1-(R1-R0)/(R2-R0)]*100
where R0, R1 and R2 are the PD outputs in voltage when laser is off, PMC locked and not locked respectively.

3. Plotted the visibility vs the incident power(Attachment #3).

Result:
 Attachment #2
  From the linear fit by least squares, the calibration turned out to be 1.12±0.07 mV/uW. The error of this value is calculated from assuming PD output error~1mV and laser power error~3uW for all measured value.
  The largest error was from the position and the angle of the power meter probe.

 Attachment #3
  I used the same data I took last week(see elog #3672), but better plot.
  I put the error bars for just several points. When the laser power is weak, the errors are large because of the cancellation error. When the laser power is high, the errors are estimated to be so small that you can't see it in the plot(~1%).
  At the several points, I couldn't lock the PMC well and  the power of the reflected light depended on the offset voltage of the PZT.
  The horizontal axis has about 6% error because of the calibration error.

Note:
 Now the condition is a bit different from this measurement(NPRO temperature changed, optics moved slightly), so the visibility may be changed.

Attachment 1: PMCsetup.png
PMCsetup.png
Attachment 2: PDcalib.png
PDcalib.png
Attachment 3: PMCreflect2.png
PMCreflect2.png
  3743   Tue Oct 19 22:37:28 2010 KojiUpdatePSLPSL table cleaning up

I cleaned up the scattered tools, optics, and mounts of the PSL table. I gathered those stuffs at the two coners.

At the end of the work I scanned the table with an IR viewer. (This is mandatory)
I put some beam block plates to kill weak stray beams.

One thing I like to call the attention is:

I found that some beam blocks were missing at around the PBSs just after the laser source.
Those PBSs tend to reject quite a lot of beam power
--- no matter how the HWPs/QWPs are arranged.

--- even at the backward side.
(remember that we have a faraday there.)

Particularly, there was no beam block at the forward rejection side of the first PBS where we dump the high power beam.

Be careful. 

  3747   Wed Oct 20 21:33:11 2010 KevinUpdatePSLQuarter Wave Plate Optimization

[Suresh and Kevin]

We placed the quarter wave plate in front of the 2W laser and moved the half wave plate forward. To make both wave plates fit, we had to rotate one of the clamps for the laser. We optimized the angles of both wave plates so that the power in the reflection from the PBS was minimized and the transmitted power through the faraday isolator was maximized. This was done with 2.1 A injection current and 38°C crystal temperature.

Next, I will make plots of the reflected power as a function of half wave plate angle for a few different quarter wave plate rotations.

  3755   Thu Oct 21 18:45:50 2010 KojiUpdatePSLFound the beat at 1064nm

[Koji Suresh]

We found the beat at 1064nm. T(PSL)=26.59deg, T(X-end)=31.15deg.

The X-end laser was moved to the PSL table.

The beating setup was quickly constructed with mode matching based on beam profile measurements by the IR cards.
We used the 1GHz BW PD, Newfocus #1611-FS-AC.

As soon as we swept the Xtal temp of the X-end laser, we found the strong beating.

  3756   Thu Oct 21 19:10:39 2010 AidanUpdatePSLFound the beat at 1064nm

Quote:

[Koji Suresh]

We found the beat at 1064nm. T(PSL)=26.59deg, T(X-end)=31.15deg.

The X-end laser was moved to the PSL table.

The beating setup was quickly constructed with mode matching based on beam profile measurements by the IR cards.
We used the 1GHz BW PD, Newfocus #1611-FS-AC.

As soon as we swept the Xtal temp of the X-end laser, we found the strong beating.

 

  3759   Fri Oct 22 01:23:13 2010 KojiUpdatePSLFound the beat at 1064nm

[Koji / Suresh]

We worked on the 1064 beating a bit more.

- First of all, FSS and FSS SLOW servo were disabled not to have variating Xtal temp for the PSL.

- The PSL Xtal temp (T_PSL) was scanned from 22deg-45deg while we search the Xtal temp (T_Xend) for the Xend laser to have the beat freq well low (f<30MHz).
The pumping current for each laser was I_PSL = 2.101 [A] and I_Xend = 2.000 [A]

For a certain T_PSL, we found multiple T_Xend because the freq of the laser is not a monotonic function of the Xtal temperature. (see the innolight manual).

T_Xend to give us the beating was categorized in the three sets as shown in the figure. The set on "curve2" is the steadiest one. (Use this!)
The trends were quite linear but the slope was slightly off from the unity.

- T_PSL was scanned to see the trend of the PMC output.

The PMC was sometimes locked to the mode with lower transmission (V_PMCT ~ 3.0V).
When T_PSL ~ 31deg we consistently locked the PMC at higer transmission (V_PMCT ~ 5.3V).

At the moment we decided the operating point of T_PSL = 32.25 deg, V_PMCT = 5.34, where we found the beat at T_Xend=38.28deg.

- We cleaned up the PSL table more than how it was. Returned the tools to their original places.
The X-end laser was shut down and was left on the PSL table.

NEXT:
Kiwamu can move the X-end laser to the Xend and realign it.
Then we should be able to see the green beating quite easily.

Attachment 1: 101021_beat.pdf
101021_beat.pdf
  3760   Fri Oct 22 03:37:56 2010 KevinUpdatePSLQuarter Wave Plate Measurements

[Koji and Kevin]

We measured the reflection from the PBS as a function of half wave plate rotation for five different quarter wave plate rotations. Before the measurement we reduced the laser current to 1 A, locked the PMC, and recorded 1.1 V transmitted through the PMC. During the measurements, the beam was blocked after the faraday isolator. After the measurements, we again locked the PMC and recorded 1.2 V transmitted. The current is now 2.1 A and both the PMC and reference cavities are locked.

I will post the details of the measurement tomorrow.

  3768   Sat Oct 23 02:25:49 2010 KevinUpdatePSLQuarter Wave Plate Measurements

Quote:

[Koji and Kevin]

We measured the reflection from the PBS as a function of half wave plate rotation for five different quarter wave plate rotations. Before the measurement we reduced the laser current to 1 A, locked the PMC, and recorded 1.1 V transmitted through the PMC. During the measurements, the beam was blocked after the faraday isolator. After the measurements, we again locked the PMC and recorded 1.2 V transmitted. The current is now 2.1 A and both the PMC and reference cavities are locked.

I will post the details of the measurement tomorrow.

I measured the reflected power from the PBS as a function of half wave plate rotation for five different quarter wave plate rotations.

The optimum angles that minimize the reflected power are 330° for the quarter wave plate and 268° for the half wave plate.

The following data was taken with 2.102 A laser current and 32.25° C crystal temperature.

For each of five quarter wave plate settings around the optimum value, I measured the reflected power from the PBS with an Ophir power meter. I measured the power as a function of half wave plate angle five times for each angle and averaged these values to calculate the mean and uncertainty for each of these angles. The Ophir started to drift when trying to measure relatively large amounts of power. (With approximately 1W reflected from the PBS, the power reading rapidly increased by several hundred mW.) So I could only take data near the minimum reflection accurately.

The data was fit to P = P0 + P1*sin^2(2pi/180*(t-t0)) with the angle t measured in degrees with the following results:

lambda/4 angle (°) t0 (°) P0 (mW) P1 (mW) chi^2/ndf V
318 261.56 ± 0.02 224.9 ± 0.5 2016 ± 5 0.98 0.900 ± 0.001
326 266.07 ± 0.01 178.5 ± 0.4 1998 ± 5 16.00 0.918 ± 0.001
330 268.00 ± 0.01 168.2 ± 0.3 2119 ± 5 1.33 0.926 ± 0.001
334 270.07 ± 0.02 174.5 ± 0.4 2083 ± 5 1.53 0.923 ± 0.001
342 273.49 ± 0.02 226.8 ± 0.5 1966 ± 5 1.41 0.897 ± 0.001

where V is the visibility V = 1- P_max/P_min. These fits are shown in attachment 1. We would like to understand better why we can only reduce the reflected light to ~150 mW. Ideally, we would have V = 1. I will redo these measurements with a different power meter that can measure up to 2 W and take data over a full period of the reflected power.

Attachment 1: fits.png
fits.png
  3776   Mon Oct 25 02:25:21 2010 KojiUpdatePSLQuarter Wave Plate Measurements

Q1. Suppose the laser beam has a certain (i.e. arbitrary) polarization state but contains only TEM00. Also suppose the PSB is perfect (reflect all S and transmit all P). What results do you expect from your expereiment?

Q2. Suppose the above condition but the PBS is not perfect (i.e. reflects most of S but also small leakage of P to the reflection port.) How are the expected results modified?

Q3. In reality, the laser may also contain some thing dirty (e.g. deporarization in the laser Xtal, higher order modes in a certain polarization but different from the TEM00's one, etc). What actually is the cause of 170mW rejection from the PBS? Can we improve the transmitted power through the PBS?

Q4. Why is the visibility for the lambda/4 with 330deg better than the one with 326deg? Yes, as I already explained to Kevin, I suppose it was caused by the lack of the data points in the wider angle ranges.

Quote:

I measured the reflected power from the PBS as a function of half wave plate rotation for five different quarter wave plate rotations.

The optimum angles that minimize the reflected power are 330° for the quarter wave plate and 268° for the half wave plate.

The following data was taken with 2.102 A laser current and 32.25° C crystal temperature.

For each of five quarter wave plate settings around the optimum value, I measured the reflected power from the PBS with an Ophir power meter. I measured the power as a function of half wave plate angle five times for each angle and averaged these values to calculate the mean and uncertainty for each of these angles. The Ophir started to drift when trying to measure relatively large amounts of power. (With approximately 1W reflected from the PBS, the power reading rapidly increased by several hundred mW.) So I could only take data near the minimum reflection accurately.

The data was fit to P = P0 + P1*sin^2(2pi/180*(t-t0)) with the angle t measured in degrees with the following results:

lambda/4 angle (°) t0 (°) P0 (mW) P1 (mW) chi^2/ndf V
318 261.56 ± 0.02 224.9 ± 0.5 2016 ± 5 0.98 0.900 ± 0.001
326 266.07 ± 0.01 178.5 ± 0.4 1998 ± 5 16.00 0.918 ± 0.001
330 268.00 ± 0.01 168.2 ± 0.3 2119 ± 5 1.33 0.926 ± 0.001
334 270.07 ± 0.02 174.5 ± 0.4 2083 ± 5 1.53 0.923 ± 0.001
342 273.49 ± 0.02 226.8 ± 0.5 1966 ± 5 1.41 0.897 ± 0.001

where V is the visibility V = 1- P_max/P_min. These fits are shown in attachment 1. We would like to understand better why we can only reduce the reflected light to ~150 mW. Ideally, we would have V = 1. I will redo these measurements with a different power meter that can measure up to 2 W and take data over a full period of the reflected power.

 

  3781   Tue Oct 26 00:45:08 2010 ranaUpdatePSLNew NPRO Diagnostic Wiring

Untitled.png

I copy section 6.2 into here to share with you all what the diagnostic capabilities of the new NPRO are. Its not a lot.

We'll need to record a sample of the NPRO output beam on a regular photodiode in order to get a real power monitor. My plan is to use a regular 25-pin Dsub and run it fron the NPRO controller over to the PSL rack and hijack the old MOPA monitoring channels (3113 and 3123 ADCs).

  3801   Wed Oct 27 21:51:29 2010 SureshUpdatePSLAttenuation of PSL NPRO removed

The laser power was attenuated to 40 mW yesterday for ensuring that the power built up within the MC does not damage the optics. 

This however stopped us from the doubling work and besides also reduced the power available for locking the PMC. 

Therefore, today the laser attenuation was removed and once again 500mW is available at the exit of the PMC .  

However the power sent to the MC has been reduced to 60mW by changing one of the mirrors in the zig-zag to a 33% beam splitter.  Though about 450mW is incident on the beam splitter the reflected beam is only about 55mW since the mirror reflectance is specified for P polarised light incident at 45deg while ours is S-polarised incident at less than 45deg.   The light transmitted through the beam splitter has been blocked by a beam dump.

 

 

  3802   Thu Oct 28 02:01:51 2010 KevinUpdatePSLFilter for 2W Laser

[Rana and Kevin]

I made a low pass filter for the piezo driver for the 2W laser that is now installed. The filter has a pole at 2.9 Hz. The transfer function is shown in attachment 1.

Attachment 2 shows the outside of the filter with the circuit diagram and attachment 2 shows the inside of the filter.

Attachment 1: tf.PDF
tf.PDF
Attachment 2: outside.jpg
outside.jpg
Attachment 3: inside.jpg
inside.jpg
  3818   Fri Oct 29 04:58:04 2010 KevinUpdatePSLPBS Optimization

[Koji and Kevin]

Since there was still a lot of power being reflected from the PBS before the Faraday rotator, I placed another PBS at the reflection from the first PBS to investigate the problem. If everything was ideal, we would expect the PBS to transmit P polarization and reflect S polarization. Thus, if the laser was entirely in the TEM00 mode, with the quarter and half wave plates we should be able to rotate the polarizations so that all of the power is transmitted through the PBS. In reality, some amount of P is reflected in addition to S reducing the power transmitted. (We are not sure what the PBS is since there are no markings on it but CVI says that their cubes should have less than 5% P reflection).

For the following measurements, the laser crystal temperature was 31.8° C, the current was 2.1 A, the half wave plate was at 267° and the quarter wave plate was at 330°. I first measured the power reflected from the first PBS then added the second PBS to this reflected light and measured the transmitted and reflected powers from this PBS with the following results:

reflection from first PBS 127 mW
reflection from second PBS 48 mW
transmission from second PBS 81 mW

This shows that approximately 81 mW of P polarization was being reflected from the first PBS and that there is approximately 48 mW of S polarization that could not be rotated into P with the two wave plates. Attachment 1 shows the shape of the reflected (S polarization) beam from the second PBS. This shows that the S polarization is not in TEM00 and can not be rotated by the wave plates. The transmitted P polarization is in TEM00.

We then rotated the first PBS (in yaw) to minimize the amount of P being reflected. Repeating the above measurement with the current alignment gives

reflection from first PBS 59 mW
reflection from second PBS 52 mW
transmission from second PBS 8.5 mW

Thus by rotating the cube to minimize the amount of P reflected, ~70 mW more power is transmitted through the cube. This adjustment moved the beam path slightly so Koji realigned the Faraday rotator and EOM. The PMC was then locked and the beam was realigned on the PMC. At 2.1 A, the transmission through the PMC is 6.55 V and the reflection is 178 mV. With the PMC unlocked, the reflection is 312 mV. This gives a visibility of 0.43.

Note by KA:
We realigned the beam toward the PMC at 1.0A at first so that we don't cook any parts. Once we get the TEM00 resonance, the steering mirrors were aligned to maximize the PMC transmission. Then the pumping current was increased to 2.1A.

  3819   Fri Oct 29 05:40:51 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLwideband EOM aligned : AM decreased by 24dB

At the PSL table I aligned the wideband EOM more carefully.

Amplitude modulation (AM) components in the main beam at 29.5MHz were successfully diminished by 24 dB. 

Last night when we were locking the MC, we noticed that the reflected light had AM which somewhat disturbes the Pound-Drever-Hall locking of the MC.

So I aligned the wideband EOM to reduce the AM components.

 


(method)

  In order to observe AMs I put a photodiode PDA255 whose bandwidth is 50MHz after the wideband EOM.

Before the PD I also put a convex lens together with a stack of ND filters and put a steering mirror to control the beam spot on the PD.

 EOMalign.png

First I aligned the EOM such that the DC voltage from the PD was maximized. This process corresponds to a coarse alignment.

And then I tried reducing a peak at 29.5MHz seen in the spectrum analyzer. 

 

(results)

At the beginning the AM peak in the spectrum analyzer was at about -48 dBm.

After the alignment of the EOM it went down below the PD's dark noise floor of -72 dBm.

I checked the alignment also with an IR viewer, it looks quite good.

  3825   Fri Oct 29 16:03:35 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLwideband EOM : installed the triple resonant box

 

 small_DSC_2654.jpg

The box is electrically isolated from the optical bench.

Underneath the box there are four rubber legs and two Delrin plates (black and white) on the top of the box. 

As everyone knows this box is a prototype, so I will make another nicer box with a PCB in this November.

  3856   Wed Nov 3 19:14:00 2010 ranaUpdatePSLPMC mode matching update

I moved the lens just before the PMC to check the mode matching landscape. The PMC trans went up from ~6.5 to ~6.8. That's 5% with ~1 hour of work.

As per the micrometer, this took ~7-8 mm of travel. Since there's so much power left in the HOMs, we we we will have to do a proper mode scan and re-calculate the solution.

The measured transmission is now ~610 mW. The power reflected from the PMC with it unlocked is ~1400 mW.

  3899   Thu Nov 11 18:05:55 2010 valeraUpdatePSLPMC mode matching at full laser power

 The PMC mode matching was initially done at low power ~150 mW. It was expected and found that at full power ~2 W (injection current 2.1 A) the mode matching got much worse:

the visibility degraded from 80% to 50% (1 - refl locked/refl unlocked) . The thermal lensing could be in the laser, EOM, or FI.

The first attached plot shows the scan of the beam after the EOM at low and full laser power. At full power the waist position is 10 mm after the turning mirror after the EOM and the waist size is 310 um.

The second plot shows the ABCD calculation for the mode matching solution.

I removed the MM lens PLCX-25.4-77.3-C and placed the PLCX-25.4-180.3-UV about 20 mm after the first PMC periscope mirror (the second mirror after the EOM).

The PMC visibility improved to 94% and the power through the PMC, as measured by the PMC transmission PD, went up by a factor of 2.

Attachment 1: scan.pdf
scan.pdf
Attachment 2: pmc2-abcd.png
pmc2-abcd.png
  3909   Fri Nov 12 13:12:55 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLincreased NPRO power

I maximized the laser power by rotating the HWP after the NPRO.

If someone works on the MC locking, one should decrease it again.

 

  3921   Mon Nov 15 14:36:37 2010 KojiUpdatePSLC1PSL rebooted?

Has C1PSL rebooted? Has burtrestore been forgotten? Even without elog?

We found some settings are wrong and the PMC has pretty low gain.

  3922   Mon Nov 15 14:42:01 2010 AidanUpdatePSLC1PSL rebooted?

Yeah. Joe and I rebooted c1psl a couple of times this morning. I didn't realize the burtrestore wasn't automatic.

 

Quote:

Has C1PSL rebooted? Has burtrestore been forgotten? Even without elog?

We found some settings are wrong and the PMC has pretty low gain.

 

  3924   Mon Nov 15 15:02:00 2010 KojiSummaryPSLpower measurements around the PMC

[Valera Yuta Kiwamu Koji]

Kiwamu burtrestored c1psl. We measured the power levels around the PMC.

With 2.1A current at the NPRO:

Pincident = 1.56W
Ptrans_main = 1.27W
Ptrans_green_path = .104W

==> Efficiency =88%

----

We limited  the MC incident power to ~50mW. This corresponds to the PMC trans of 0.65V.
(The PMC trans is 1.88V at the full power with the actual power of 132mW)

  3951   Thu Nov 18 23:45:18 2010 ranaConfigurationPSLPMC Refl Cam

Valera and Haixing and I installed a PMC REFL camera today. We stole the camera control box from the MC2 trans area (because I don't know why we need a camera there).

We installed it such that it is looking at the leak through of the last turning mirror before the PMC REFL RFPD. This beam was previously going into a Thorlabs razor blade dump.

There is no steering mirror to align into this camera; we just positioned the camera such that the REFL beam fills up the monitor. WE cable tied the cable to the table and the

output of the camera control box is piped into the control room correctly as PMCR. The "IMCR" quadrant is actually the PMCT beam. JoonHo is going to fix this promptly.

Also, I noticed how beautiful  the MC2 Simulink diagram is so I post it here for your viewing pleasure. We should take this as a reference and not produce any new diagrams which are less useful or beautiful or easy to understand.

Attachment 1: mc2_simulink.png
mc2_simulink.png
  4128   Sun Jan 9 15:50:55 2011 ranaHowToPSLSetting the PMC gain

Untitled.png

I ramped the PMC gain slider to find where it oscillates. It starts going bad at ~13 dB, so the new default gain is 7 dB to give us some margin for alignment improvements, etc.


I also fixed the TIME field in our MEDM screens by adding the following text to the C1IFO_STATE.db file which runs on c1iscaux:
grecord(stringin, "C0:TIM-PACIFIC_STRING")
{
    field(DESC, "Current time and date")
    field(DTYP, "EPICS IOC VAR")
    field(SCAN, "1 second")
    field(INP, "C1:FEC-34_TIME_STRING")
}

grecord(stringin, "C0:IFO-TIME_PACIFIC")
{
    field(DESC, "Current time and date")
    field(DTYP, "EPICS IOC VAR")
    field(SCAN, "1 second")
    field(INP, "C1:FEC-34_TIME_STRING")
}

This gets the time info from the c1ioo processor via channel access and gives it these mroe reasonable names. The first record is for backwards compatibility. The second record is a better name and we should use it in the future for all new screens. I had to reboot c1iscaux several times to figure out the right syntax, but its OK now. You have to reopen stale screens to get the field to refresh.

This avoids the previous idea of changing all of the MEDM screens.

  4137   Tue Jan 11 17:08:43 2011 SureshConfigurationPSLreplaced the pzt-steering mirror on PSL

[Rana, Jenne, Suresh]

Yesterday, We replaced the existing beam steering mirror and the PZT it was mounted on with a Gooch and Housego mirror (20ppm transmission at < 30deg incidence @1064nm) and a Polaris-K1 Newport steel mount. (JD)

We realigned the G&H mirror to get the MC flashing. 

We then had to reduce the gain in the servo circuit to accommodate the increased optical power going into MC. 

MC locked to PSL once again.

Note: 

      the old mirror stuck on the PZT has been removed.  The mirror had no markings and has been stored in the 'Unknown Optics' Box along the East Arm.

      The PZT has been stored in the PZT cabinet along with its 2in mirror mount.

  4223   Fri Jan 28 15:50:44 2011 JenneConfigurationPSLThe PSL has a name!

Back in the days when we were talking about getting a new 2W PSL, I was given naming rights by Rana for this new laser. 

Today, the 40m PSL was given its new name: Edwin.

Here he is, with his shiny new label:

EdwinTheLaser.jpg

  4258   Mon Feb 7 21:23:11 2011 ranaConfigurationPSLPSL FSS Temperature Sensor Interface box removed

I noticed that the RMTEMP channel was spiking myteriously when Kiwamu opened the PSL door. We found out that the LEMO connectors would intermittently short to the case and cause ~1 deg steps in the temeprature.

We have removed the case and examined it. Not only were the connections to the box intermittent, there was a cold solder joint inside on an unsecured flying add-on opamp. The whole thing is a giant hack.

PK was the last person to work on this box, but I'm sure that he wouldn't have left it in this state. Must be gremlins.

P2070555-1.JPG

The LEMO connectors on the front are the ones touching. The LT1021 is the badly soldered part.

  4301   Tue Feb 15 11:57:06 2011 steve, valeraConfigurationPSLPMC swap

 We swapped the PMC s/n 2677 for s/n lho006.

The table below summarizes the power levels before and after the PMC swap.

  old new
Ptrans 1.32 W 1.42 W
Transmission 85 % 91.5 %
Refl PDDC locked/unlocked 5.0 %  4.3 %
Loss 7-8 % 2-3 %
Leakage out of the back 10 mW 0.3 mW

 

- The power into the PMC (1.67 W) was measured with Scietech bolometer before the first steering PMC mirror. The leakage through the steering mirrors was measured with Ophir power meter to be 12+8 mW. There is also a lens between the mirrors which was not measured. 

- The power through the PMC was measured after the doubler pick off (105 mW), steering mirror (4 mW), and lens (not measured).

- The estimated reflection from four lens surfaces is 1-2% hence 1% uncertainty in the losses in the table.

- The beams into the PMC and on REFL PD were realigned. The beams downstream of the PMC are blocked as we did not realigned the PMC and doubler paths.

- The trans PD ND filters were removed. The VDC=1.28 V now.

- The NPRO current is 2.102 A

 

Atm 1 old

Atm2  new

Attachment 1: P1070421.JPG
P1070421.JPG
Attachment 2: P1070423.JPG
P1070423.JPG
  4350   Thu Feb 24 16:47:26 2011 steveConfigurationPSL shutter is back on the PSL output

Uniblitz mechanical shutter was placed into the beam path of the PSL output with razor beam trap. The output power was 1.39W at 2.08A

It is working from the MEDM screen "old map" C1IOO_Mech_Shutter.adl

Attachment 1: P1070441.JPG
P1070441.JPG
  4375   Thu Mar 3 20:30:03 2011 ranaSummaryPSLPMC Sweeps @ different input power levels to measure the Finesse

Its been well noted in the past that sweeping the PMC at high power leads to a distortion of the transmitted power curve. The explanation for this was coating absorption and thermo-elastic deformation of the front face of the mirrors.

Today, I did several sweeps of the PMC. I turned off its servo and tuned its PZT so that it was nearly resonating. Then I drove the NPRO via the HV driver (gain=15) with 0-150 V (its 1.1 MHz/V) to measure the PMC transmitted light. I adjusted the NPRO pump diode current from 2A on down to see if the curves have a power dependent width.

In the picasa web slideshow:

There are 3 significant differences between this measurement and the one by John linked above: its a new PMC (Rick says its the cleanest one around), the sweep is faster - since I'm using a scope instead of the ADC I feel free to drive the thing by ~70 MHz in one cycle. In principle, we could go faster, but I don't want to get into the region where we excite the PZT resonance. Doing ~100 MHz in ~30 ms should be OK. I think it may be that going this fast avoids some of the thermal distortion problems that John and others have seen in the past. On the next iteration, we should increase the modulation index for the 35.5 MHz sidebands so as to get a higher precision calibration of the sweep's range.

By eye I find that the FWHM from image #4 is 11 ms long. That corresponds to 300 mV on the input to the HV box and 15 V on the PZT and ~16.5 MHz of frequency shift. I think we expect a number more like 4-5 MHz; measurement suspicious.

  4417   Mon Mar 21 13:26:25 2011 KojiUpdatePSLPMC Trans/RFPDDC

PMC TRANS/REFL on MEDM showed red values for long time.
TRANS (a.k.a C1:PSL-PSL_TRANSPD) was the issue of the EPICS db.

REFL (a.k.a. C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC) was not physically connected.
There was an unknown BNC connected to the PMC DC output instead of dedicated SMA cable.
So they were swapped.

Now I run the following commands to change the EPICS thresholds:

ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_PMCTRANSPD.LOLO 0.8
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_PMCTRANSPD.LOW 0.85
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_PMCTRANSPD.HIGH 0.95
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_PMCTRANSPD.HIHI 1

ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC.HIHI 0.05
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC.HIGH 0.03
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC.LOW 0.0
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC.LOLO 0.0

As these commands only give us the tempolary fix, /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl/psl.db was accordingly modified for the permanent one.

grecord(ai,"C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC")
{
        field(DESC,"RFPDDC- RFPD DC output")
        field(DISV,"1")
        field(SCAN,".1 second")
        field(DTYP,"VMIVME-3113")
        field(INP,"#C0 S32 @")
        field(EGUF,"10")
        field(EGUL,"-10")
        field(EGU,"Volts")
        field(PREC,"3")
        field(LOPR,"-10")
        field(HOPR,"10")
        field(AOFF,"0")
        field(LINR,"LINEAR")
        field(LOW,"0.0")
        field(LSV,"MINOR")
        field(LOLO,"0.0")
        field(LLSV,"MAJOR")
        field(HIGH,"0.03")
        field(HSV,"MINOR")
        field(HIHI,"0.05")
        field(HSV,"MAJOR")
}

grecord(ai,"C1:PSL-PMC_PMCTRANSPD")
{
        field(DESC,"PMCTRANSPD- pre-modecleaner transmitted light")
        field(DISV,"1")
        field(SCAN,".1 second")
        field(DTYP,"VMIVME-3123")
        field(INP,"#C0 S10 @")
        field(EGUF,"10")
        field(EGUL,"-10")
        field(EGU,"volts")
        field(PREC,"3")
        field(LINR,"LINEAR")
        field(HOPR,"10")
        field(LOPR,"-10")
        field(AOFF,"0")
        field(LOW,"0.8")
        field(LSV,"MINOR")
        field(LOLO,"0.85")
        field(LLSV,"MAJOR")
        field(HIGH,"0.95")
        field(HSV,"MINOR")
        field(HIHI,"1.00")
        field(HSV,"MAJOR")
}

  4429   Wed Mar 23 09:48:20 2011 steveUpdatePSLPSL enclosure: gets new window & laser

Solid door, numbered 4 at south west corner of PSL enclosure was replaced by laser protective window.

The carpenter shop's Mark is making 4 more identical ones for the east side.

 

The Lightwave NPRO126 of 700mW was moved from the AP-table into the PSL-enclosure temporarily.

It's emergency shutdown switch can be seen at the center bottom picture

Attachment 1: P1070471.JPG
P1070471.JPG
  4452   Mon Mar 28 21:12:14 2011 JenneUpdatePSLNew PMC Base Riser Design

I (think) I have finished the new PMC base riser.  The eDrawing of it (so you can view it on any computer) has been uploaded to the PMC wiki page.

I also attach it here, for comments.

Attachment 1: PMC_riser.eprt
  4453   Mon Mar 28 22:56:14 2011 ranaUpdatePSLNew PMC Base Riser Design

Its going to need some kind of way to locate the PMC on the top. In the previous design, we had the 3 balls to decouple the body from the base. That design was flawed due to the roughness of the holes in the PMC body.

Also probably need some kind of relief on the bottom. Its possible that it would be OK like this, but I am unsure if the shop can maintain the flatness we want over the whole length and/or the flatness of any given (OLD) optical table over ~8". Its probably not a good idea to have to torque this (aluminum?) to make it conform to the optical table's shape.

  4454   Mon Mar 28 23:51:54 2011 JenneUpdatePSLNew PMC Base Riser Design

Quote:

Its going to need some kind of way to locate the PMC on the top. In the previous design, we had the 3 balls to decouple the body from the base. That design was flawed due to the roughness of the holes in the PMC body.

 Hmmm, so, this was just meant to be a riser that goes underneath the old PMC mount, to raise it from 3" beam height to 4" beam height.  I will make another one that is a complete mount, designed for 4" beam height.  Please hold........... .......... ....... ..... ... .

  4496   Thu Apr 7 11:38:56 2011 steveUpdatePSLenclosure windows on the east side of the PSL

The PSL enclosure now have 4 windows on each side. The bottom rail guides on the east side will be replaced by  one  U-channel for smoother, more gentle sliding.

Door position indicator- interlock switches are not wired yet.

Attachment 1: P1070538.JPG
P1070538.JPG
ELOG V3.1.3-