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ID Date Author Type Categorydown Subject
  4240   Wed Feb 2 12:55:34 2011 KojiSummaryGreen LockingFreq fluctuation measured by the freq divider and Rana's analog PFD

I found that some flakiness of the beat signals comes from the RF components for the beat detection.
They are touching the racks in an indefinite way. If we move the components the output of the analog PFD
goes crazy.

Once Kiwamu is back I will ask him to clean up all of the green setting in an appropriate way.

 

  4248   Fri Feb 4 11:10:27 2011 SureshUpdateGreen LockingVCO PLL Frequency noise

This measurement pertains to the BL2002 VCO PLL unit.

 

Our goal is to measure the frequency fluctuations introduced by the VCO. 

 

First the VCO calibration was checked.  It is -1.75 MHz per volt.  The calibration data is below:

VCO_calibration.png

 

 

 

Next we measured the Transfer function between points A and B  in the diagram below using the Stanford Research System's SR785.  This measurement was done with loop opened just after the 1.9MHz LPF and with the loop closed.

VCO_PLL_Servo.png

 

The TF[open] / TF [closed ] gave the total gain in the loop.  As shown below:

VCO_Transfer_Functions.png

Green curve is the Transfer Function with the loop open and the red with that of the loop closed.

Gain Shown below is the quotient TF[open]/TF[closed]

 

VCO_Gain.png

 

 c) As can be seen from the graph above the loop gain is >>1 over 0.1 to 300Hz.  And hence the frequency noise of the VCO is just the product of the voltage noise and the VCO calibration factor over this range,

d) the noise power at the point B was measured and multiplied by the VCO calibration  factor to yield dF(rms)/rtHz:

VCO_PLL_Freq_Noise.png

The green line with dots are the data

The blue line is the rms frequency fluctuation.

This corresponds to a arm length fluctuation of about 20pm.

 

 

  4259   Tue Feb 8 10:23:02 2011 AidanSummaryGreen LockingDigital Frequency Discriminator - reference

 

Here's the reference for the self-reference frequency detection idea. See Figure 2.

http://www.phys.hawaii.edu/~anita/new/papers/militaryHandbook/mixers.pdf

  4260   Tue Feb 8 13:26:11 2011 AidanSummaryGreen LockingTemperature dependence of phase change of green on reflection

 I did a quick back of the envelope calculation of the expected green phase change on reflection from the aLIGO ITM.

The phase change per nm, K1 = delta phi/delta Lambda, around 532nm is ~1.5 degrees/nm (from the LMA data) [this number is approximately 100x smaller at 1064nm]

I assumed that very small changes in the thickness of the coating appear equivalent to shifting the spectra for reflection/transmission/phase-change-on-reflection up or down by delta lambda, where

delta Lambda/Lambda = delta h/h

where h is the total thickness of the coating and delta h is the change in the thickness of the coating.

Assume that delta h/h = alpha deltaT, where alpha is the coefficient of thermal expansion and delta T is the change in temperature. (approximately 1K)

Then delta phi = K1* Lambda * alpha * delta T = 1.5 degrees/nm * 532nm * 10^-5 K^-1 * 1.0 K =  8 * 10^-3 degrees.

Assume that 360 degree phase change corresponds to one FSR.

Therefore, the frequency shift due to temperature change in the coating = 8*10^-3/360 * FSR = 2.2 *10^-5 * FSR.

Therefore, the expected frequency shift per degree temperature change = 2.2*10^-5 * FSR [Hz/K]

  4261   Tue Feb 8 15:22:13 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingnew electronics rack at X end

 Yesterday I moved the whole green electronics stuff, which had been sitting on the floor at the X end,  into a new electronics rack.

The rack now is placed under the cable rail close to the ETMX chamber.

DSC_2861_ss.png

  4267   Thu Feb 10 00:23:25 2011 JenneUpdateGreen LockingGreen TRX DC PD installed on PSL

Using a stray beam that is generated as the transmitted green beam from the Xarm goes through the viewport to the PSL table, I installed a fast lens (because I was constrained for space) and a Thorlabs PDA36 photodiode on the PSL table.

The BNC cable runs along the edge of the PSL table, up the corner hole with the huge bundle of cables, and over to IOO_ADC_0. It's channel 3 on the simulink model, which means that it is plugged into connector #4.

With the green resonating TEM00, I have ~1.4V output from the photodiode, as seen on a voltmeter. This corresponds to ~1500 counts on the MEDM screen.

 

Note to self:  Switch to a ~1cm diode with a boatload of gain (either from the 40m or Bridge), and use transmission through a steering mirror of the actual beat note path, not the jittery viewport pickoff.  Want RIN noise level to be about 1e-5, only care about below ~100Hz so don't need broadband.

  4268   Thu Feb 10 05:06:35 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingbeat noise : a little bit better, and 1Hz peak from amplitude noise coupling

 I repeated the same measurement as that Koji did before (see here) with the mixer-based frequency discriminator.

The frequency fluctuation of the beat note is now 50 kHz in rms integrated down to 0.1 Hz, which is a bit better than before.

However there still is the same undesired structure in the spectrum below 10 Hz.

 

 Screen_shot_2011-02-10_at_4.01.43.png

Fig.1 power spectra of the green beat note fluctuation in terms of frequency fluctuation.

   Red curves were taken when the IR was locked to the MC, and the green was locked to the X arm.

Blue curves were taken when both the IR and the green were locked to the X arm.

Black curve was also the one taken when the IR and the green were locked to the X arm, but showing the lower noise level.

I have no idea what exactly was going on when I took the black curve, but this noise level sometimes showed up.

The discrepancy may come from a kind of calibration error although I kept using the same calibration factor to convert the data from count to frequency.

Need more investigations.

 


 Additionally Koji and I took the coherence between the beat fluctuation and the transmitted lights of both the IR and the green.

It showed a strong coherence at 1 Hz, which is one of the dominant noise of the beat note.

This probably indicates that the 1 Hz peak is produced by a coupling from amplitude fluctuation.

Screen_shot_2011-02-10_at_4.52.13.png

 For monitoring the green transmitted light, I used the Jenne's PD (see here)

  4278   Sun Feb 13 15:02:23 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingX arm beam offcentering has been measured

The amounts of the X arm's beam off-centering have been measured by the A2L technique.

So now we are able to start aligning the IR beam axis in a quantitative way.

 

(motivation)

 Since we saw big residual motions at 1 Hz, 16 Hz on both the green beat note signal and the IR PDH signal (see #4268 and #4211),

we are suspecting that these noise come from an angle to length coupling.

In order to minimize the angle to length coupling, one thing we can do is to bring the beam spots to the center of ITMX and ETMX more precisely.

To do it, we have to quantitatively know how well the beam spots are on the center of the optics. Therefore I started measuring the amount of the beam off-centering.

 

(method)

 The A2L technique was used to measure the off-centering with the real-time lockin system, which has been recently embedded in the real-time code by Joe (see #4265).

The idea is the same as Yuta did before (see #3863).

But this time the excitation signal from the real-time oscillator was injected directly to the coil matrix on either ITMX or ETMX, at 18.13 Hz with the amplitude of about 400 cnt.

When the IR laser stays locked to the X arm, the LSC feedback signal is demodulated with the oscillator signal.

This demodulated signal gives the amount of the off-centering.

For this purpose I modified Yuta's A2L script such that we can use it also for the X arm.

 

(results)

 I obtained the following values:

     - ETMX

         PIT  = -1.61 mm

         YAW =  -0.918 mm

    - ITMX

         PIT = -3.76 mm

        YAW = -2.24 mm

I used the same calibration factor as that of Koji calculated (see #3020) for MC, in order to convert the results from the coil gain to the off-centering.

These values are consistent with the spots appearing on the CCD monitors.

 misposition.png

  4324   Fri Feb 18 15:05:49 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingtransfer function of angle to beat note (length)

[Koji and Kiwamu]

 We took transfer functions (TF) from the angle excitations at ETMX and ITMX to the green beat note signal (i.e. angle to length TF).

It turned out that the coupling from ETMX_PIT is quite large.

I wonder how f2p of the ETMX changes this coupling. We'll see.

 

a2l_TF.png

 

The plot above shows a set of the transfer functions from the angle excitation to the green beat note.

Note that the y-axis has not been calibrated, it is just a unit of counts/counts.

You can see that the TF from ETMX_PIT to the beat (red cruve) is larger than the others by about a factor of 10 over most of the frequency range.

This means that any PIT motions on ETMX can be coupled into the green beat signal somewhat over the wide frequency range.

It looks having a resonance at 1.5 Hz, but we don't exactly know why.

At that time the coil gains on only ITMX were tuned by applying f2p filters, but ETMX wasn't because of a technical reason coming from epics.

 

- - - - measurement conditions

  * PSL laser was locked to X arm by feeding back the IR PDH signal to MC2.

  * the green laser was locked to Xarm as usual.

  * took the green beat note signal (approximately 0 dBm) into Rana's MFD with the cable length of about  6 m.

  * the output from the MFD was connected to XARM_COARSE channel without a whitening filter.

  * excitation signal was injected into either ASC_PIT or ASC_YAW. The excitation was Gaussian noise with frequency band of 10 Hz and amplitude of 300 counts.

  * only ITMY had the f2p filters, which balance the coil gains all over the frequency.

 

  4341   Wed Feb 23 04:56:59 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingnoise curve update

New noise spectra of the green locking have been updated.

The plot below shows the in-loop noise spectra when the beat signal was fedback to ETMX.

The rms noise integrated from 0.1 Hz to 100 Hz went down to approximately 2 kHz.

noise_suprresion.png

The red curve was taken when the beat was controlled only by a combination of some poles sand zeros on the digital filter banks. The UGF was at 40Hz.

This curve is basically the same as that Koji took few weeks ago (see here). Apparently the rms was dominated by the peaks at 16 Hz and 3 Hz.

The blue curve was taken when the same filter plus two resonant gain filters (at 16.5 Hz and 3.15 Hz) were applied. The UGF was also at 40Hz.

Due to the resonant gain filter at 16.5 Hz, the phase margin became less, and it started oscillating at the UGF as shown in the plot.

  4351   Thu Feb 24 17:42:00 2011 AidanUpdateGreen Locking15% of end laser sideband power transmitted through cavity

I did a quick calculation to determine the amount of sideband transmission through the FP cavity.

The modulation frequency of the end PDH is 216kHz. The FSR of the cavity is about 3.9MHz. So the sidebands pick up about 0.17 radians extra phase on one round trip in the cavity compared to the carrier.

The ITM reflectance is r_ITM^2 = 98.5% of power, the ETM reflection is r_ETM^2 = 95%.

So the percentage of sideband power reflected from the cavity is R_SB = r_ITM*r_ETM*(exp(i*0.17) - 1)^2 / (1 - r_ETM*r_ITM exp(i*0.17) )^2 = 0.85 = 85%

So about 15% of the sideband power is transmitted through the cavity. The ratio of the sideband and carrier amplitudes at the ETM is 0.05

So, on the vertex PD, the power of the 80MHz +/-200kHz sidebands should be around sqrt(0.15)*0.05 = 0.02 = 2% of the 80MHz beatnote.

Once we get the green and IR locked to the arm again, we're going to look for the sidebands around the beatnote.

 

 

  4352   Thu Feb 24 18:21:24 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingin-loop and out-of-loop measurements

Two different measurement have been performed for a test of the green locking last night.

Everything is getting better. yes. yes.

green_lock_setup.png

 


[ measurement 1 : IR locking]

The X arm was locked by using the IR PDH signal as usual (#4239#4268) .

The in-loop signal at from the IR path and the out-of-loop signal at from the green beat note path were measured.

measurement1.png

Let us look at the purple curve. This is an out-of-loop measurement by looking at the green beat note fluctuation.

The rms down to 0.1 Hz used to be something like 60 kHz (see here), but now it went down to approximately 2 kHz. Good.

This rms corresponds to displacement of about 260 pm of the X arm. This is barely within the line width. The line width is about 1 nm.

 

 


[ measurement 2 : green locking]

The motion of the X arm was suppressed by using the green beat signal and feeding it back to ETMX.

After engaging the ALS servo, I brought the cavity length to the resonance by changing the feedback offset from epics.

Then took the spectra of the in-loop signal at the beat path and the out-of-loop signal at the IR PDH path.

 

 Here is a time series of TRX after I brought it to the resonance.

TRX_REFL11.png

TRX was hovering around at the maximum power, which is 144 counts.

measurement2.png

Since I put one more 10:1 filter to suppress the noise around 3 Hz, the rms of the in-loop beat spectrum went to about 1 kHz, which used to be 2 kHz (see #4341).

But the out-of-loop (IR PDH signal) showed bigger noise by a factor of 2 approximately over frequency range of from 2 Hz to 2 Hz. The resultant rms is 2.7 kHz.

The rms is primarily dominated by a peak at 22 Hz (roll mode ?).

I calibrated the IR PDH signal by taking the peak to peak signal assuming the finesse of the cavity is 450 for IR. May need a cooler calibration.

  4353   Thu Feb 24 19:59:25 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingwhitening filter for ALS

I forgot to mention about the whitening filter for the ALS digital control system.

As usual I used a whitening filter to have a good SNR against ADC noise, but this time our whitening scheme is little bit different from the usual our systems.

I used two ADC channels for one signal and put a digital summing point  and digital filters to keep good SNR over the frequency range of interest.

It's been working fine but it's still primitive, so I will study more about how to optimize this scheme.


ACDC.png

     The diagram above shows our scheme for the signal whitening.

Basically the SNR at DC is bad when we use only a whitening filter as shown on the bottom part of the diagram because the signal is quite tiny at DC.

On the other hand if we take raw signal into ADC as 'DC path'  shown above, the SNR is better at DC but not good at intermediate frequencies (30 mHz - 1kHz).

So the idea to keep the good SNR over the frequency range of interest is to combine these 'DC path' and 'AC path' in a clever way.

     In our case, the 'DC path' signal is not as good as the 'AC path' signal above 30 mHz, so we cut off those high frequency signals by using a digital low pass filter.

In addition to it, I put a gain of 1000 in order to match the relative gain difference between 'DC path' and 'AC path'.

Then the resultant signal after the summing point keeps the good SNR with a flat transfer function up to 1 kHz. 

Quote:

Two different measurement have been performed for a test of the green locking last night.

Everything is getting better. yes. yes.

  4354   Thu Feb 24 21:46:30 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockinginstalled a summing box

In this past weekend I replaced a summing amplifier for the end green PDH locking by a home-made summing circuit box in order to increase the control range.

It's been working well so far.

However due to this circuit box, the demodulation phase of the PDH locking is now somewhat different from the past, so we have to readjust it at some point.

 

(background)

    At the X end station, the voltage going to the NPRO PZT had been limited up +/- 4 V because of the summing amplifier : SR560.

Therefore the laser was following the cavity motion only up to ~ +/- 4 MHz, which is not wide enough. (it's okay for night time)

So we decided to put a passive circuit instead of SR560 to have a wider range.

 

(summing box)

   We made a passive summing circuit and put it into a Pomona box.

The circuit diagram is shown below. Note that we assume the capacitance of the 1W Innolight has the same capacitance as that of the PSL Innolight (see #3640).

summing_box.png

The feedback signal from a PDH box goes into the feedback input of the circuit.

Then the signal will be low passed with the corner frequency of 200 kHz because of the combination of RC (where R is 681 Ohm and C is capacitance of the PZT).

Because of this low pass filter, we don't drive the PZT unnecessarily at high frequency.

On the other hand the modulation signal from a function generator goes into the other input and will be high passed by 50 pF mica capacitor with the corner frequency of 200 kHz.

This high pass filter will cut off noise coming from the function generator at low frequency.

In addition to it, the 50 pF capacitor gives a sufficient amount of attenuation for the modulation because we don't want have too big modulation depth.

 

Here is a plot for the expected transfer functions.

You can see that the modulation transfer function (blue curve) has non-zero phase at 216 kHz, which is our modulation frequency.

transfer_func.png
 

 

  4361   Sat Feb 26 02:33:16 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingsidebands on beatnote

The power ratio of the beatnote signal vs. the 216kHz sideband has been measured.

The measured ratio was -55 dB, which is smaller by about 20 dB than Aidan's estimation.

To confirm this fact we should check the modulation depth of the end PDH somehow.

 

The below is a picture showing the sidebands around the beatnote locked at 66.45 MHz.

Other than the +/-216 kHz sidebands, we can see some funny peaks at +/- 50 kHz and +/-150 kHz

I wonder if they come from the servo oscillation of the MC servo whose UGF is at 24 kHz.  We can check it by unlocking the MC.

beat_note.png

Quote: #4351 by Aidan

So, on the vertex PD, the power of the 80MHz +/-200kHz sidebands should be around sqrt(0.15)*0.05 = 0.02 = 2% of the 80MHz beatnote.

Once we get the green and IR locked to the arm again, we're going to look for the sidebands around the beatnote.

  4362   Sun Feb 27 09:43:59 2011 AidanUpdateGreen Lockingsidebands on beatnote

Can we set up a fiber-PD on the end table to look at the beat between the "end laser IR beam" and the "PSL IR beam fiber-transmitted end beam"? 

We should see the same thing on that PD that we see on the green PD (plus any fiber noise and I'm not really sure how much that'll be off the top of my head). If we unlock the lasers from the arm cavity then the free-running noise of the lasers wrt to each other will probably swamp the 50kHz and 150kHz signals. Maybe we could lock the end laser to the free-running PSL by demodulating the beat note signal from the fiber-PD and then we could look for the extra sidebands in the IN-LOOP signal. Then we could progressively lock the PSL to the MC and arm cavity and see if the sidebands appear on the fiber-PD at some point in that process. 

It's possible that the 216kHz drive of the PZT on the Innolight is somehow driving up some sub-harmonics in the crystal. I think this is unlikely though: if you look at Mott's measurements of the Innolight PZT response, there are no significant PM resonances at 50 or 150kHz.

 

Quote:

Other than the +/-216 kHz sidebands, we can see some funny peaks at +/- 50 kHz and +/-150 kHz.

 

Quote: #4351 by Aidan

So, on the vertex PD, the power of the 80MHz +/-200kHz sidebands should be around sqrt(0.15)*0.05 = 0.02 = 2% of the 80MHz beatnote.

Once we get the green and IR locked to the arm again, we're going to look for the sidebands around the beatnote.

 

  4363   Sun Feb 27 13:09:56 2011 ranaUpdateGreen Lockingsidebands on beatnote

When Koji and I were massaging the MC, we noticed that the oscillations were at 48.5 kHz. They were pretty huge and are probably what you're seeing on the beat. My guess is that they are the PZT resonances of the PSL 2W NPRO; we need to put a notch in the FSS box - it still has the notch from the old NPRO.

  4367   Wed Mar 2 16:51:53 2011 steveConfigurationGreen Lockingmech shutter in place at the south end

I moved old POX shutter from ITMY optical table to the south end. MEDM POX mechanical shutter screen is now closing the green beam  injection into the Y arm.

I kluged in a 40m long bnc cable that Alberto left on the floor for control. It is labelled POX-sht  This is a temporary set up.

  4368   Wed Mar 2 17:19:58 2011 AidanConfigurationGreen LockingMoved PDH PD on end table

As previously noted, there are multiple beams coming back from the ETM surface onto the PDH PD on the end table. They are spread out in a vertical pattern. All the spots swing together (as the ETM moves?).

I moved the PDH Green PD on the end table so that it was further away from the Faraday and I added an iris in between the Faraday and the PD. Now only the principle reflection from the ETM is incident on the PD. See attached photos. In order to sneak past the neighbouring optics, I had to steer the beam down a bit, so the PD is now lower than it previously was.

Just FYI: the angle between the returning beams is about 5 or 6 mrad at the PD. Before the beams get to the PD they go through a telescope that de-magnifies the beam by about 5 or 6 times. This implies that the angle between adjacent returning beams from the ETM is around 1 mrad at the ETM.

This does make the position of the spot on the PD more susceptible to the alignment of the ETM - we should use a short focal length lens and image the ETM plane onto the PD.

 

First image - overview of table

Second image - the three returning beams immediately before the IRIS

Third image - a close up of the IRIS and PDH PD. 

 

 

 

Attachment 1: P1000223-a.jpg
P1000223-a.jpg
Attachment 2: P1000218.jpg
P1000218.jpg
Attachment 3: P1000224.jpg
P1000224.jpg
  4369   Wed Mar 2 18:08:43 2011 AidanUpdateGreen LockingGhost beams on green

Kiwamu and I noticed that there is a ghost beam on the green beam going into the ETM. What we see is some interference fringes on the edge of the transmission of the green beam through the dichroic beam splitter (DCBS). If we look at the reflection from the dichroic beam splitter these are much more pronounced.

The spacing of the fringes (about 2 per 10mm) indicates an angle between the fields of around 0.1 mrad.

We were able to cause significant motion of the fringes by pushing on the knobs of the steering mirrors that steer the beam into the DCBS. A rough calculation of the derivative of optical path difference between the ghost and the primary beam as a function of input angle gives about 15 microns per mrad. What filtering the effect the arm cavity will have on the ghost beam is not immediately clear, but the numbers shouldn't be too difficult to determine.

 

Attachment 1: Ghost_Beam_at_ETM_DCBS.pdf
Ghost_Beam_at_ETM_DCBS.pdf
  4372   Thu Mar 3 00:12:52 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingplan
Tomorrow's tasks
  - Auto noise budget (Jamie)
  - Demodulation phase adjustment (Kate)
  - Auto alignment for green (Joe/Kiwamu)
  - ADC connection for the X end green REFL_DC ( )
  - remote local boost for the X end green ( )
  - TDS stuff (Joe)
  - check harmonic distortions on the RF distribution box (Larisa/Koji)
  - connect the X end mechanical shutter to c1auxex (Steve)
  4373   Thu Mar 3 07:25:24 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingscrewed up the end PDH box

 I somehow screwed up the PDH box at the X end station. 

Right now it's not working, so I am going to check and fix it today.

 

 In the last evening I found that one of the gain stages on the PDH box wasn't fully functional.

So I started investigating it and I though it was going to finish soon, but actually it wasn't so easy.

 

  The PDH box has several gain stages. So an input signal goes through a buffer, a filter, a boost and an output buffer stages sequentially.

The boost stage is supposed to have gain of 10, but I found it didn't have such gain.

In fact the gain was something like -30dB which is pretty small. Plus this boost stage was imposing an wired bump on the transfer function around 50 kHz.

I checked the voltages on some components around the boost stage and confirmed there were no strange voltage.

Then I suspected that the op-amp : LF356 had been broken for some reason. So I replaced it by LT1792 to see if it fixes the issue.

Indeed it did make it functional. However after few minutes of the replacement, it went back to the same bad condition.

I have no idea about what was going on at that time. Anyway it needs more careful investigations.

 

  I temporarily put a jumper cable on the board to skip this stage, but now the PDH lock is not healthy at all.

  4376   Fri Mar 4 03:31:35 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingA first noise budget

I made a noise budget for the ALS noise measurement that I did a week ago (see #4352).

I am going to post some details about this plot later because I am now too sleepy.

noise_budget.png

  4379   Fri Mar 4 18:06:34 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingnoise budget : differential noise

Here I explain how I estimate the contribution from the differential noise shown in the plot on my last entry (#4376) .

 

(background)

 According to the measurement done about a week ago, there is a broadband noise in the green beatnote path when both Green and IR are locked to the X arm.

The noise can be found on the first plot on this entry (#4352) drawn in purple. We call it differential noise.

However, remember, the thing we care is the noise appearing in the IR PDH port when the ALS standard configuration is applied (i.e. taking the beatnote and feeding it back to ETMX).

So we have to somehow convert the noise to that in terms of the ALS configuration.

In the ALS configuration, since the loop topology is slightly different from that when the differential noise was measured, we have to apply a transfer function to properly estimate the contribution.

 

(How to estimate)

 It's not so difficult to calculate the contribution from the differential noise under some reasonable assumptions.

Let us assume that the MC servo and the end PDH servo have a higher UGF than the ALS, and assume their gains are sufficiently big.

Then those assumptions allow us to simplify the control loop to like the diagram below:

servos.png

 Since we saw the differential noise from the beatnote path, I inject the noise after the frequency comparison in this model.

Eventually the noise is going to propagate to the f_IR_PDH port by multiplying by G/(1+G), where G is the open loop transfer function of the ALS.

The plot below shows the open loop transfer function which I used and the resultant G/(1+G).
 

open_loop_TF.png

In the curve of G/(1+G), you can see there is a broad bump with the gain of more than 1,  approximately from 20 Hz to 60 Hz.

Because of this bump, the resultant contribution from the differential noise at this region is now prominent as shown in the plot on the last entry (#4376).

Quote: #4376

I made a noise budget for the ALS noise measurement that I did a week ago (see #4352).

I am going to post some details about this plot later

 

  4382   Mon Mar 7 18:20:01 2011 kiwamuSummaryGreen Lockingplans
This week's goal is to investigate the source of the differential noise and to lower it.
 
Plans for tonight
 - realign GREEN_TRANS PD at the PSL table
 - update the noise budget
 - take spectrum of the differential noise
 - investigate a noise coupling to the differential noise especially from the intensity noise
 - update the noise budget again
 
Plans for this week :
 - Auto alignment scripts for green (Kiwamu)
 - connect the end REFL_DC  to an ADC (Kiwamu)
 - make an active phase rotation circuit for the end PDH (undergrads)
 - bounce-roll notches (Suresh)
 - optimization of the suspensions including the input matrices and the Q-values (Jenne)
 - optimization of MFSS (Koji/Rana/Larisa)
 - rewire the mechanical shutter on the 1X9 binary outputs (Steve)

 

  4383   Tue Mar 8 06:29:06 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingIntensity noise setup

[Jenne, Chris, Kiwamu]

 A photo diode and an AOM driver have been newly setup on the PSL table to measure the intensity noise coupling to the beat note signal.

We tried taking a transfer function from the PD to the beat, but the SNR wasn't sufficient on the PD. So we didn't get reasonable data.

 

(what we did)

  - put a DCPD after the doubling crystal on the PSL table. The PD is sitting after the Y1 mirror, which has been used for picking off the undesired IR beam.

  - installed the AOM driver (the AOM itself had been already in place)

  - injected some signals onto the AOM to see if we can see an intensity fluctuation on the PD as well as the beat signal

 

(intensity noise)

  In order to have better SNR for the intensity measurement, we put an AC coupled SR560 with the gain of 100 just before the ADCs.

When a single frequency signal was applied from a Stanford Research's function generator to the AOM, we could clearly see a peak at the doubled frequency of the injected signal.

Also a peak at the same frequency was found on the beat note signal as well.

But when random noise was injected from the same function generator, the random noise looked below the ADC noise.

Jenne adjusted the output voltage from the PD to about 1 V to avoid a saturation in the analog path, but later we realized that the ADC counts was marely ~ 20 counts.

So we will check the ADC tomorrow. Hopefully we will get a good SNR.

  4385   Tue Mar 8 15:20:31 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingdifferential noise on Mar.8th

differential_noise20110308.png

Noise below 10 Hz became larger again compared with the data before (see here #4352)

Note that the Y-axis is in MHz.

  4387   Tue Mar 8 15:33:09 2011 kiwamuSummaryGreen Lockingplan on Mar.8th
Today's goal is to measure the contribution from the intensity noise to the beatnote.
 
Plans for today
  - check the ADC for the DCPD that Jenne installed yesterday
  - adjust RF power on the AOM
  - take spectrum of the differential noise and measure the coupling from the intensity noise
  - update the noise budget

Quote: from #4382
This week's goal is to investigate the source of the differential noise and to lower it.

 

  4389   Wed Mar 9 04:46:13 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingmore intensity noise measurement

 

Here is a diagram for our intensity noise coupling measurement.

intensity_setup.png

 

The below is a plot for the intensity noise on the DCPD. (I forgot to take a spectra of the PD dark noise)

For some reason, the RIN spectrum becomes sometimes noisier and sometimes quieter. Note that after 10 pm it's been in the quiet state for most of the time.

An interesting thing is that the structure below 3 Hz looks like excited by motion of the MC when it's in the louder state.

IntensityNoise.png

Quote: from #4383

A photo diode and an AOM driver have been newly setup on the PSL table to measure the intensity noise coupling to the beat note signal.

We tried taking a transfer function from the PD to the beat, but the SNR wasn't sufficient on the PD. So we didn't get reasonable data.

  4392   Wed Mar 9 18:17:11 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingIntensity noise coupling

Here is a new plot for the differential noise measurement. I plot a noise contribution from the intensity noise (brown curve).

If we believe this data, the differential noise is NOT dominated by the intensity noise of the PSL.

diff_noise.png

 


(intensity noise coupling measurement)

 Here is a plot for the transfer functions (TFs) from the intensity noise DCPD to the beat signal.

IN_TF.png

   In principle these TFs tell us how much intensity noise are contributed into the differential noise.

When I measured the spectra shown above, the frequency offset of the beatnote was at about 8 MHz from the zero cross point.

Keeping the same lock, I measured the transfer function (red curve) by using the swept sine technique on DTT. The setup for this measurement is depicted on the last entry (#4389).

Then I made the spectra above by multiplying the intensity spectrum by this TF.

  Later I measured another transfer function when the beatnote was at about 2 MHz from the zero cross point.

According to this measurement, our MFD gets insensitive to the intensity noise as the beat offset goes close to the zero cross point. This is consistent with what we expected.

  4397   Thu Mar 10 14:06:54 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingIntensity noise limits the beatnote sensitivity

We are limited by the intensity noise of the X arm transmitted green light.

Since the intensity noise from the PSL wasn't big enough to explain the differential noise (#4392), so this time I measured the noise contribution from the X arm transmitted light.
diff_noise_Mar8.png

 


(coupling measurement)

  IN_TF_complete.png

  I performed the same intensity noise coupling measurement, but this time between the DC signal of the beatnote RFPD and the beatnote signal.

 While measuring it, I excited the intensity of the PSL laser by using the same AOM like I did yesterday. This AM cause the observable intensity noise on the beatnote RFPD.

With the excited AM, we can pretend to have an excited AM on the green transmitted light from the X arm, of course assuming the intensity noise coupling from the PSL is less.

  4398   Thu Mar 10 14:22:58 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingIntensity noise limits the beatnote sensitivity

The next steps we should do are :

    - to investigate a cause of the intensity fluctuation
          * end green laser
          * suspensions' angular motions
          * doublecheck the RIN contribution if it's from the PSL or the X arm in the beatnote RFPD to make sure the RIN is dominated by the X arm transmitted light
  
    - to think about how to make the system insensitive to the intensity noise
          - bring the beat frequency to the zero cross point of the MFDs ?
          - PLL ?

Quote:

We are limited by the intensity noise of the X arm transmitted green light.

  4399   Thu Mar 10 14:29:05 2011 KojiUpdateGreen LockingIntensity noise limits the beatnote sensitivity

We can modify the freq divider circuit to make it a comparator.

Quote:

The next steps we should do are :

    - to investigate a cause of the intensity fluctuation
          * end green laser
          * suspensions' angular motions
          * doublecheck the RIN contribution if it's from the PSL or the X arm in the beatnote RFPD to make sure the RIN is dominated by the X arm transmitted light
  
    - to think about how to make the system insensitive to the intensity noise
          - bring the beat frequency to the zero cross point of the MFDs ?
          - PLL ?

Quote:

We are limited by the intensity noise of the X arm transmitted green light.

 

  4400   Thu Mar 10 14:30:53 2011 ranaUpdateGreen LockingIntensity noise limits the beatnote sensitivity

There are 3 standard techniques to reduce this effect:

1) Stabilize the end laser by sensing the green light coming into the PSL before recombination and feeding back with SR560 (this is the only one that you should try at first).

2) Moving to the center of the MFD fringe via ETM steps.

3) Auto-alignment of the beam to the arm.

  4401   Thu Mar 10 16:00:53 2011 Aidan, JoeUpdateGreen LockingIntensity stabilization loop using beatnote DC.

Aidan: Joe and I have added a channel that takes the DC output from the vertex beatnote PD and sends it, via RFM, to a DAC at the ETMX end. Immediately before the output is a filter C1GCX_AMP_CTRL. The output of the DAC is connected to the CURRENT LASER DIODE modulation input on the back of the Innolight driver. This will modulate the current by 0.1A/V input.

We should be able to modulate the green laser on the end now and stabilize the intensity of the amplitude on the beatnote PD at the vertex. (In this configuration, the ampltiude noise of the PSL laser will be injected onto the end laser - we may want to revisit that).

Joe's comments on model change:

I added a RFM connection at the output of the C1:GCV-XARM_BEAT_DC filter in the c1gcv model.  The RFM connection is called: C1:GCV-SCX_ETMX_AMP_CTRL.

This RFM connection goes to the c1scx model and into Kiwamu's GCX box, which uses top_names.  There's a filter inside called AMP_CTRL, so the full filter name is C1:GCX-AMP_CTRL.  The output then goes to the 7th DAC output.

Photos:

  1. NPRO CURRENT CTRL plugged into DAC channel 7
  2. You can actually see it's channel 7 in this image
  3. The other end plugged into the back of the Innolight driver
  4. Schematic of the setup
  5. Updated C1ALS_OVERVIEW MEDM screen (I don't know why the field in the background turned orange - maybe it's coming into a long dry summer?)

 

Quote:

There are 3 standard techniques to reduce this effect:

1) Stabilize the end laser by sensing the green light coming into the PSL before recombination and feeding back with SR560 (this is the only one that you should try at first).

 

The reason that I chose this PD is that, apparently, the green light coming from the cavity is clipped when it is picked off for its DC PD.

Attachment 1: P1000313.jpg
P1000313.jpg
Attachment 2: P1000314.jpg
P1000314.jpg
Attachment 3: P1000315.jpg
P1000315.jpg
Attachment 4: GREEN_ISS_LOOP.pdf
GREEN_ISS_LOOP.pdf
Attachment 5: Screenshot-C1ALS_OVERVIEW.adl.png
Screenshot-C1ALS_OVERVIEW.adl.png
  4403   Thu Mar 10 21:45:34 2011 ranaUpdateGreen LockingIntensity stabilization loop using beatnote DC.

Ridiculous and hacky. Digital stabilization removed as well as the old "leave a pile of equipment on a stool" strategy.

We used a a BNC cable to send a pickoff of the beam before the recombination to the end via an SR560.

  4411   Fri Mar 18 12:22:04 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingY arm plan for today

 Prior to the works on the Y end setup I propose to perform the temperature scan business like Koji and Suresh did before (see this entry).

This business will allow us to easily find a beatnote at 532nm after the installation on the Y end.

 I guess the right persons for this work are Bryan and Suresh.

Bryan will have a safety guidance from Steve in this after noon. So after that they can start working on it.

 

/* - - - coarse plan - - - */

* remove Alberto's laser from the AS table

* setup Alberto's laser on the PSL table

* put some stuff such as lenses, mirrors and etc. (Use the IR beam picked off after the doubling crystal for the main laser source)

* mode matching

* measurement

 

Which laser are we going to use,  Alberto's laser or MOPA laser ?

  4413   Fri Mar 18 16:06:30 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingRe: Y arm plan for today

We use Alberto's laser for the Y end Green Locking.

Quote:

 Which laser are we going to use,  Alberto's laser or MOPA laser ?

 

  4414   Fri Mar 18 16:31:11 2011 Suresh UpdateGreen LockingRe: Y arm plan for today

The reason for using Alberto's laser is that some amount of work has already gone into characterising its phase noise.  Ref elog entry 2788

  4416   Fri Mar 18 17:55:58 2011 SureshConfigurationGreen LockingWork Plan for Y-end Aux laser installation

A rough time-table and the various tasks are given below:

Note:  700mW NPRO sitting on AP table (Model No: 126-1064-700, Sl No. 415)  = Alberto's laser

 

 

Y-arm Aux laser installation
 1

Temperature dependence of frequency of Alberto's laser:

 a) Shifting Alberto's Laser (AL) to the PSL table and setting up a beat frequency measurement between AL and PSL

 b) Determining the frequency vs Temperature curve for the AL

Mar 21st to 25th Bryan and Suresh
2 Re-positioning the Input beam onto the IP-ANG-PD and realigning the X-arm Mar 21st to 25th Kiwamu and his 'team'  :-)
3

Repositioning the optics on the Y-end  table and relocating Alberto's laser ( at this point it will be rechiristened as Y-End-NPRO )

Mar 27th - 28th
Bryan and Suresh
4 Maximising the doubling effiiciency and obtaining the PD and QPD signals into the CDS Mar 29th - Apr 1st "
5 Aligning the Y-end green to pass through the Y-arm and locking the green to the Y arm Apr 3 - 8th "
6 Aligning the IR beam to the Y- arm and locking the Y arm to the IR Apr 10 - 15 "

 

  4419   Mon Mar 21 16:49:11 2011 kiwamuSummaryGreen Lockingplan for this week

- Plan for this week

  * Intensity stabilization for the end green laser (Matt / Kiwamu)

  * Hand off the servo from Green to Red (Matt / Kiwamu)

  * Y end green locking (Suresh / Bryan) (rough schedule)

  * Reconnect the X end mechanical shutter to 1X9 (Kiwamu)

  * Connect the end DCPD signal to a DAC (done)

  * Make a LPF in a Pomona box for the temperature (Larisa)

  * Clean up and finalize the X end setup (Kiwamu)

  * Make a item lists for electronics. Order the electronics. (Aidan / Kiwamu)

  4420   Mon Mar 21 18:34:10 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingadded a new ADC channel on 1X9

I added a new ADC channel for a DC signal from the X end green PD.

It is called C1:GCX-REFL_DC and connected to adc_0_1, which is the second channel of ADC_0.

 

By the way, when I tried connecting it to an ADC I found that most of the channels on the AA board on 1X9 were not working.

Since the outputs form the board are too small the circuits may have benn broken. See the picture below.

In addition to that  I realized that the signal from the PDH box for the temperature actuation is limited by +/- 2V due to the range of this AA board.

In fact the signal is frequently saturated due to this small voltage range.

We have to enlarge the range of this AA board like Valera did before for the suspensions (see this entry).

aa_board_1X9.jpg

  4421   Tue Mar 22 00:01:25 2011 kiwamuSummaryGreen Lockingplan for daytime tasks

Some tasks for the daytime tomorrow.

  * Beam profile measurements of the Y end laser  (Suresh / Bryan)

  * Taking care of CDS and the simulated plant (Jamie / Joe)

  * Reconnect the X end mechanical shutter to 1X9 (Kiwamu)

  * LPF for the X end temperature feedback (Larisa)

  4422   Tue Mar 22 00:03:29 2011 BryanConfigurationGreen LockingPSL vs Y arm laser temperature pairing

 OK. Today we did the same type of measurement for the Y arm laser as was done for the X arm laser here: http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/3759 

And attached here is a preliminary plot of the outcome - oddities with adding on the fitted equations, but they go as follows

(Red)    T_yarm = 1.4435*T_PSL - 14.6222

(Blue)    T_yarm = 1.4223*T_PSL - 10.9818

(Green) T_yarm = 1.3719*T_PSL - 6.3917


 

 PSL_vs_Y_arm_Temperatures.png

It's a bit of a messy plot - should tidy it up later...

  4423   Tue Mar 22 00:23:20 2011 JenneConfigurationGreen LockingPSL vs Y arm laser temperature pairing

Quote:

 OK. Today we did the same type of measurement for the Y arm laser as was done for the X arm laser here: http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/3759 

And attached here is a preliminary plot of the outcome - oddities with adding on the fitted equations, but they go as follows

(Red)    T_yarm = 1.4435*T_PSL - 14.6222

(Blue)    T_yarm = 1.4223*T_PSL - 10.9818

(Green) T_yarm = 1.3719*T_PSL - 6.3917

 

 It's a bit of a messy plot - should tidy it up later...

 I'm going to take the easy question - What are the pink data points??

  4424   Tue Mar 22 16:39:51 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingcomaprator installed : 80 pm residual displacement

 A comparator has been installed before the MFDs (mixer-based frequency discriminator) to eliminate the effect from the amplitude fluctuation (i.e. intensity noise).

As a result we reached an rms displacement of 580 Hz or 80 pm.

 

(differential noise measurement)

noise_curve20110322.png

  Here is the resultant plot of the usual differential noise measurement.

The measurement has been done when the both green and red lasers were locked to the X arm.

In the blue curve I used only MFD. In the black curve I used the combination of the comparator and the MFD.

Noise below 3 Hz become lower by a factor of about 4, resulting in a better rms integrated from 40 Hz.

Note that the blue and the black curve were taken while I kept the same lock.

A calibration was done by injecting a peak at 311 Hz with an amplitude of 200 cnt on the ETMX_SUS_POS path.

 

(installation)

  Yesterday Koji modified his comparator circuit such that we can take a signal after it goes thorough the comparator.

The function of this comparator is to convert a sinusoidal signal to a square wave signal so that the amplitude fluctuation doesn't affect the frequency detection in the MFD.

I installed it and put the beat-note signal to it. Then the output signal from the comparator box is connected to the MFDs.

The input power for the comparator circuit has been reduced to -5 dBm so that it doesn't exceeds the maximum power rate.

  4425   Tue Mar 22 19:03:45 2011 BryanConfigurationGreen LockingPSL vs Y arm laser temperature pairing

Quote:

 I'm going to take the easy question - What are the pink data points??

And I'm going to answer the easy question - they're additional beat frequency temperature pair positions which seem to correspond to additional lines of beat frequencies other than the three highlighted, but that we didn't feel we had enough data points to make it worthwhile fitting a curve.

It's still not entirely clear where the multiple lines come from though - we think they're due to the lasers starting to run multi-mode, but still need a bit of thought on that one to be sure...

  4426   Wed Mar 23 00:51:47 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingplan for tomorrow

  - Plan for tomorrow

    * Video cable session (I need ETMY_TRNAS) (team)

    * Characterization of the Y end laser  (Bryan / Suresh)

    * LPF for the X end laser temperature control (Larisa)

    * Frequency Divider  (Matt)

    * X end mechanical shutter (Kiwamu)

  4427   Wed Mar 23 05:11:08 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen Lockingservo handig off

Succeeded in handing off the servo from the green to the red.

stripTransit_edit.png

 

 


(noise performance)

 This time we found that the fluctuation in the IR signals became lesser as the gain of the ALS servo increased.

Therefore I increased the UGF from 40 Hz to 180 Hz to have less noise in the IR PDH signal.

Here is a preliminary plot for today's noise spectra.

noise_curve20110322_hUGF.png

The blue curve is the ALS in-loop spectrum, that corresponds to the beat fluctuation.

The red curve is an out-of-loop spectrum taken by measuring the IR PDH signal.

Since the UGF is at about 180 Hz the rms is integrated from 200 Hz.

The residual displacement noise in the IR PDH signal is now 1.2 kHz in rms.

I am going to analyze this residual noise by comparing with the differential noise that I took yesterday (see the last entry ).

  4428   Wed Mar 23 08:50:36 2011 AidanUpdateGreen Lockingservo handig off

Nicely done!

 

Quote:

Succeeded in handing off the servo from the green to the red.

stripTransit_edit.png

 

 

 

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green-to-red.jpg
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