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ID Date Author Type Categoryup Subject
  3801   Wed Oct 27 21:51:29 2010 SureshUpdatePSLAttenuation of PSL NPRO removed

The laser power was attenuated to 40 mW yesterday for ensuring that the power built up within the MC does not damage the optics. 

This however stopped us from the doubling work and besides also reduced the power available for locking the PMC. 

Therefore, today the laser attenuation was removed and once again 500mW is available at the exit of the PMC .  

However the power sent to the MC has been reduced to 60mW by changing one of the mirrors in the zig-zag to a 33% beam splitter.  Though about 450mW is incident on the beam splitter the reflected beam is only about 55mW since the mirror reflectance is specified for P polarised light incident at 45deg while ours is S-polarised incident at less than 45deg.   The light transmitted through the beam splitter has been blocked by a beam dump.



  3802   Thu Oct 28 02:01:51 2010 KevinUpdatePSLFilter for 2W Laser

[Rana and Kevin]

I made a low pass filter for the piezo driver for the 2W laser that is now installed. The filter has a pole at 2.9 Hz. The transfer function is shown in attachment 1.

Attachment 2 shows the outside of the filter with the circuit diagram and attachment 2 shows the inside of the filter.

Attachment 1: tf.PDF
Attachment 2: outside.jpg
Attachment 3: inside.jpg
  3818   Fri Oct 29 04:58:04 2010 KevinUpdatePSLPBS Optimization

[Koji and Kevin]

Since there was still a lot of power being reflected from the PBS before the Faraday rotator, I placed another PBS at the reflection from the first PBS to investigate the problem. If everything was ideal, we would expect the PBS to transmit P polarization and reflect S polarization. Thus, if the laser was entirely in the TEM00 mode, with the quarter and half wave plates we should be able to rotate the polarizations so that all of the power is transmitted through the PBS. In reality, some amount of P is reflected in addition to S reducing the power transmitted. (We are not sure what the PBS is since there are no markings on it but CVI says that their cubes should have less than 5% P reflection).

For the following measurements, the laser crystal temperature was 31.8° C, the current was 2.1 A, the half wave plate was at 267° and the quarter wave plate was at 330°. I first measured the power reflected from the first PBS then added the second PBS to this reflected light and measured the transmitted and reflected powers from this PBS with the following results:

reflection from first PBS 127 mW
reflection from second PBS 48 mW
transmission from second PBS 81 mW

This shows that approximately 81 mW of P polarization was being reflected from the first PBS and that there is approximately 48 mW of S polarization that could not be rotated into P with the two wave plates. Attachment 1 shows the shape of the reflected (S polarization) beam from the second PBS. This shows that the S polarization is not in TEM00 and can not be rotated by the wave plates. The transmitted P polarization is in TEM00.

We then rotated the first PBS (in yaw) to minimize the amount of P being reflected. Repeating the above measurement with the current alignment gives

reflection from first PBS 59 mW
reflection from second PBS 52 mW
transmission from second PBS 8.5 mW

Thus by rotating the cube to minimize the amount of P reflected, ~70 mW more power is transmitted through the cube. This adjustment moved the beam path slightly so Koji realigned the Faraday rotator and EOM. The PMC was then locked and the beam was realigned on the PMC. At 2.1 A, the transmission through the PMC is 6.55 V and the reflection is 178 mV. With the PMC unlocked, the reflection is 312 mV. This gives a visibility of 0.43.

Note by KA:
We realigned the beam toward the PMC at 1.0A at first so that we don't cook any parts. Once we get the TEM00 resonance, the steering mirrors were aligned to maximize the PMC transmission. Then the pumping current was increased to 2.1A.

  3819   Fri Oct 29 05:40:51 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLwideband EOM aligned : AM decreased by 24dB

At the PSL table I aligned the wideband EOM more carefully.

Amplitude modulation (AM) components in the main beam at 29.5MHz were successfully diminished by 24 dB. 

Last night when we were locking the MC, we noticed that the reflected light had AM which somewhat disturbes the Pound-Drever-Hall locking of the MC.

So I aligned the wideband EOM to reduce the AM components.



  In order to observe AMs I put a photodiode PDA255 whose bandwidth is 50MHz after the wideband EOM.

Before the PD I also put a convex lens together with a stack of ND filters and put a steering mirror to control the beam spot on the PD.


First I aligned the EOM such that the DC voltage from the PD was maximized. This process corresponds to a coarse alignment.

And then I tried reducing a peak at 29.5MHz seen in the spectrum analyzer. 



At the beginning the AM peak in the spectrum analyzer was at about -48 dBm.

After the alignment of the EOM it went down below the PD's dark noise floor of -72 dBm.

I checked the alignment also with an IR viewer, it looks quite good.

  3825   Fri Oct 29 16:03:35 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLwideband EOM : installed the triple resonant box



The box is electrically isolated from the optical bench.

Underneath the box there are four rubber legs and two Delrin plates (black and white) on the top of the box. 

As everyone knows this box is a prototype, so I will make another nicer box with a PCB in this November.

  3856   Wed Nov 3 19:14:00 2010 ranaUpdatePSLPMC mode matching update

I moved the lens just before the PMC to check the mode matching landscape. The PMC trans went up from ~6.5 to ~6.8. That's 5% with ~1 hour of work.

As per the micrometer, this took ~7-8 mm of travel. Since there's so much power left in the HOMs, we we we will have to do a proper mode scan and re-calculate the solution.

The measured transmission is now ~610 mW. The power reflected from the PMC with it unlocked is ~1400 mW.

  3899   Thu Nov 11 18:05:55 2010 valeraUpdatePSLPMC mode matching at full laser power

 The PMC mode matching was initially done at low power ~150 mW. It was expected and found that at full power ~2 W (injection current 2.1 A) the mode matching got much worse:

the visibility degraded from 80% to 50% (1 - refl locked/refl unlocked) . The thermal lensing could be in the laser, EOM, or FI.

The first attached plot shows the scan of the beam after the EOM at low and full laser power. At full power the waist position is 10 mm after the turning mirror after the EOM and the waist size is 310 um.

The second plot shows the ABCD calculation for the mode matching solution.

I removed the MM lens PLCX-25.4-77.3-C and placed the PLCX-25.4-180.3-UV about 20 mm after the first PMC periscope mirror (the second mirror after the EOM).

The PMC visibility improved to 94% and the power through the PMC, as measured by the PMC transmission PD, went up by a factor of 2.

Attachment 1: scan.pdf
Attachment 2: pmc2-abcd.png
  3909   Fri Nov 12 13:12:55 2010 kiwamuUpdatePSLincreased NPRO power

I maximized the laser power by rotating the HWP after the NPRO.

If someone works on the MC locking, one should decrease it again.


  3921   Mon Nov 15 14:36:37 2010 KojiUpdatePSLC1PSL rebooted?

Has C1PSL rebooted? Has burtrestore been forgotten? Even without elog?

We found some settings are wrong and the PMC has pretty low gain.

  3922   Mon Nov 15 14:42:01 2010 AidanUpdatePSLC1PSL rebooted?

Yeah. Joe and I rebooted c1psl a couple of times this morning. I didn't realize the burtrestore wasn't automatic.



Has C1PSL rebooted? Has burtrestore been forgotten? Even without elog?

We found some settings are wrong and the PMC has pretty low gain.


  3924   Mon Nov 15 15:02:00 2010 KojiSummaryPSLpower measurements around the PMC

[Valera Yuta Kiwamu Koji]

Kiwamu burtrestored c1psl. We measured the power levels around the PMC.

With 2.1A current at the NPRO:

Pincident = 1.56W
Ptrans_main = 1.27W
Ptrans_green_path = .104W

==> Efficiency =88%


We limited  the MC incident power to ~50mW. This corresponds to the PMC trans of 0.65V.
(The PMC trans is 1.88V at the full power with the actual power of 132mW)

  3951   Thu Nov 18 23:45:18 2010 ranaConfigurationPSLPMC Refl Cam

Valera and Haixing and I installed a PMC REFL camera today. We stole the camera control box from the MC2 trans area (because I don't know why we need a camera there).

We installed it such that it is looking at the leak through of the last turning mirror before the PMC REFL RFPD. This beam was previously going into a Thorlabs razor blade dump.

There is no steering mirror to align into this camera; we just positioned the camera such that the REFL beam fills up the monitor. WE cable tied the cable to the table and the

output of the camera control box is piped into the control room correctly as PMCR. The "IMCR" quadrant is actually the PMCT beam. JoonHo is going to fix this promptly.

Also, I noticed how beautiful  the MC2 Simulink diagram is so I post it here for your viewing pleasure. We should take this as a reference and not produce any new diagrams which are less useful or beautiful or easy to understand.

Attachment 1: mc2_simulink.png
  4128   Sun Jan 9 15:50:55 2011 ranaHowToPSLSetting the PMC gain


I ramped the PMC gain slider to find where it oscillates. It starts going bad at ~13 dB, so the new default gain is 7 dB to give us some margin for alignment improvements, etc.

I also fixed the TIME field in our MEDM screens by adding the following text to the C1IFO_STATE.db file which runs on c1iscaux:
grecord(stringin, "C0:TIM-PACIFIC_STRING")
    field(DESC, "Current time and date")
    field(DTYP, "EPICS IOC VAR")
    field(SCAN, "1 second")
    field(INP, "C1:FEC-34_TIME_STRING")

grecord(stringin, "C0:IFO-TIME_PACIFIC")
    field(DESC, "Current time and date")
    field(DTYP, "EPICS IOC VAR")
    field(SCAN, "1 second")
    field(INP, "C1:FEC-34_TIME_STRING")

This gets the time info from the c1ioo processor via channel access and gives it these mroe reasonable names. The first record is for backwards compatibility. The second record is a better name and we should use it in the future for all new screens. I had to reboot c1iscaux several times to figure out the right syntax, but its OK now. You have to reopen stale screens to get the field to refresh.

This avoids the previous idea of changing all of the MEDM screens.

  4137   Tue Jan 11 17:08:43 2011 SureshConfigurationPSLreplaced the pzt-steering mirror on PSL

[Rana, Jenne, Suresh]

Yesterday, We replaced the existing beam steering mirror and the PZT it was mounted on with a Gooch and Housego mirror (20ppm transmission at < 30deg incidence @1064nm) and a Polaris-K1 Newport steel mount. (JD)

We realigned the G&H mirror to get the MC flashing. 

We then had to reduce the gain in the servo circuit to accommodate the increased optical power going into MC. 

MC locked to PSL once again.


      the old mirror stuck on the PZT has been removed.  The mirror had no markings and has been stored in the 'Unknown Optics' Box along the East Arm.

      The PZT has been stored in the PZT cabinet along with its 2in mirror mount.

  4223   Fri Jan 28 15:50:44 2011 JenneConfigurationPSLThe PSL has a name!

Back in the days when we were talking about getting a new 2W PSL, I was given naming rights by Rana for this new laser. 

Today, the 40m PSL was given its new name: Edwin.

Here he is, with his shiny new label:


  4258   Mon Feb 7 21:23:11 2011 ranaConfigurationPSLPSL FSS Temperature Sensor Interface box removed

I noticed that the RMTEMP channel was spiking myteriously when Kiwamu opened the PSL door. We found out that the LEMO connectors would intermittently short to the case and cause ~1 deg steps in the temeprature.

We have removed the case and examined it. Not only were the connections to the box intermittent, there was a cold solder joint inside on an unsecured flying add-on opamp. The whole thing is a giant hack.

PK was the last person to work on this box, but I'm sure that he wouldn't have left it in this state. Must be gremlins.


The LEMO connectors on the front are the ones touching. The LT1021 is the badly soldered part.

  4301   Tue Feb 15 11:57:06 2011 steve, valeraConfigurationPSLPMC swap

 We swapped the PMC s/n 2677 for s/n lho006.

The table below summarizes the power levels before and after the PMC swap.

  old new
Ptrans 1.32 W 1.42 W
Transmission 85 % 91.5 %
Refl PDDC locked/unlocked 5.0 %  4.3 %
Loss 7-8 % 2-3 %
Leakage out of the back 10 mW 0.3 mW


- The power into the PMC (1.67 W) was measured with Scietech bolometer before the first steering PMC mirror. The leakage through the steering mirrors was measured with Ophir power meter to be 12+8 mW. There is also a lens between the mirrors which was not measured. 

- The power through the PMC was measured after the doubler pick off (105 mW), steering mirror (4 mW), and lens (not measured).

- The estimated reflection from four lens surfaces is 1-2% hence 1% uncertainty in the losses in the table.

- The beams into the PMC and on REFL PD were realigned. The beams downstream of the PMC are blocked as we did not realigned the PMC and doubler paths.

- The trans PD ND filters were removed. The VDC=1.28 V now.

- The NPRO current is 2.102 A


Atm 1 old

Atm2  new

Attachment 1: P1070421.JPG
Attachment 2: P1070423.JPG
  4350   Thu Feb 24 16:47:26 2011 steveConfigurationPSL shutter is back on the PSL output

Uniblitz mechanical shutter was placed into the beam path of the PSL output with razor beam trap. The output power was 1.39W at 2.08A

It is working from the MEDM screen "old map" C1IOO_Mech_Shutter.adl

Attachment 1: P1070441.JPG
  4375   Thu Mar 3 20:30:03 2011 ranaSummaryPSLPMC Sweeps @ different input power levels to measure the Finesse

Its been well noted in the past that sweeping the PMC at high power leads to a distortion of the transmitted power curve. The explanation for this was coating absorption and thermo-elastic deformation of the front face of the mirrors.

Today, I did several sweeps of the PMC. I turned off its servo and tuned its PZT so that it was nearly resonating. Then I drove the NPRO via the HV driver (gain=15) with 0-150 V (its 1.1 MHz/V) to measure the PMC transmitted light. I adjusted the NPRO pump diode current from 2A on down to see if the curves have a power dependent width.

In the picasa web slideshow:

There are 3 significant differences between this measurement and the one by John linked above: its a new PMC (Rick says its the cleanest one around), the sweep is faster - since I'm using a scope instead of the ADC I feel free to drive the thing by ~70 MHz in one cycle. In principle, we could go faster, but I don't want to get into the region where we excite the PZT resonance. Doing ~100 MHz in ~30 ms should be OK. I think it may be that going this fast avoids some of the thermal distortion problems that John and others have seen in the past. On the next iteration, we should increase the modulation index for the 35.5 MHz sidebands so as to get a higher precision calibration of the sweep's range.

By eye I find that the FWHM from image #4 is 11 ms long. That corresponds to 300 mV on the input to the HV box and 15 V on the PZT and ~16.5 MHz of frequency shift. I think we expect a number more like 4-5 MHz; measurement suspicious.

  4417   Mon Mar 21 13:26:25 2011 KojiUpdatePSLPMC Trans/RFPDDC

PMC TRANS/REFL on MEDM showed red values for long time.
TRANS (a.k.a C1:PSL-PSL_TRANSPD) was the issue of the EPICS db.

REFL (a.k.a. C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC) was not physically connected.
There was an unknown BNC connected to the PMC DC output instead of dedicated SMA cable.
So they were swapped.

Now I run the following commands to change the EPICS thresholds:

ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_PMCTRANSPD.LOW 0.85

ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC.HIHI 0.05
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC.HIGH 0.03
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC.LOW 0.0
ezcawrite C1:PSL-PMC_RFPDDC.LOLO 0.0

As these commands only give us the tempolary fix, /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1psl/psl.db was accordingly modified for the permanent one.

        field(DESC,"RFPDDC- RFPD DC output")
        field(SCAN,".1 second")
        field(INP,"#C0 S32 @")

        field(DESC,"PMCTRANSPD- pre-modecleaner transmitted light")
        field(SCAN,".1 second")
        field(INP,"#C0 S10 @")

  4429   Wed Mar 23 09:48:20 2011 steveUpdatePSLPSL enclosure: gets new window & laser

Solid door, numbered 4 at south west corner of PSL enclosure was replaced by laser protective window.

The carpenter shop's Mark is making 4 more identical ones for the east side.


The Lightwave NPRO126 of 700mW was moved from the AP-table into the PSL-enclosure temporarily.

It's emergency shutdown switch can be seen at the center bottom picture

Attachment 1: P1070471.JPG
  4452   Mon Mar 28 21:12:14 2011 JenneUpdatePSLNew PMC Base Riser Design

I (think) I have finished the new PMC base riser.  The eDrawing of it (so you can view it on any computer) has been uploaded to the PMC wiki page.

I also attach it here, for comments.

Attachment 1: PMC_riser.eprt
  4453   Mon Mar 28 22:56:14 2011 ranaUpdatePSLNew PMC Base Riser Design

Its going to need some kind of way to locate the PMC on the top. In the previous design, we had the 3 balls to decouple the body from the base. That design was flawed due to the roughness of the holes in the PMC body.

Also probably need some kind of relief on the bottom. Its possible that it would be OK like this, but I am unsure if the shop can maintain the flatness we want over the whole length and/or the flatness of any given (OLD) optical table over ~8". Its probably not a good idea to have to torque this (aluminum?) to make it conform to the optical table's shape.

  4454   Mon Mar 28 23:51:54 2011 JenneUpdatePSLNew PMC Base Riser Design


Its going to need some kind of way to locate the PMC on the top. In the previous design, we had the 3 balls to decouple the body from the base. That design was flawed due to the roughness of the holes in the PMC body.

 Hmmm, so, this was just meant to be a riser that goes underneath the old PMC mount, to raise it from 3" beam height to 4" beam height.  I will make another one that is a complete mount, designed for 4" beam height.  Please hold........... .......... ....... ..... ... .

  4496   Thu Apr 7 11:38:56 2011 steveUpdatePSLenclosure windows on the east side of the PSL

The PSL enclosure now have 4 windows on each side. The bottom rail guides on the east side will be replaced by  one  U-channel for smoother, more gentle sliding.

Door position indicator- interlock switches are not wired yet.

Attachment 1: P1070538.JPG
  4633   Thu May 5 10:19:22 2011 steveUpdatePSLPSL-FSS_RMTEMP is back

Valera and I installed the the temp sensor and the interface box that Rana fixed. This may help with diagnosing the PSL drift.

Attachment 1: P1070637.JPG
  4635   Thu May 5 13:12:06 2011 JenneUpdatePSLTemperature drift, trying to shield PMC with foil

eeek.  I've been running around all day, so this is an incomplete elog.  I'll fill in more stuff in the next hour or so, but just to let people know what's going on:

[Valera, Jenne]

Valera noticed that lots of things in and around the PSL table are drifting with temperature.  This is why he and Steve installed a temp sensor on the table earlier today.


Since the alignment into the PMC, and also the alignment downstream of the PMC have been drifting in angle, we supposed that it might be the PMC itself which is changing somehow with temperature.  We don't have a good idea of how exactly it is sensitive to temperature, but we're working on figuring it out.

Round 1 of testing:  We put a foil hat over the PMC to shield it from the HEPA air blowing directly down on top of it.  I made sure that the foil is also covering the PZT and the metal ring at the end of the PMC, because this could potentially be the problem (metal is usually more temperature sensitive than glass, or the PZT itself could be changing, either of which could make the end mirror twist, and change the alignment of the PMC).  We'll see later if this did anything useful or not. 

I have photos of the aluminum foil setup, which I will post later when I get back to the lab after teaching. 


  4641   Thu May 5 15:05:06 2011 steveUpdatePSLPSL-FSS_RMTEMP is not back


Valera and I installed the the temp sensor and the interface box that Rana fixed. This may help with diagnosing the PSL drift.

 I was wrong. Rana did not fix the interface box. I removed the interface box and turned down the HEPA flow  from 100 to 20% on the Variac.

Attachment 1: rtnfxd.jpg
  4648   Thu May 5 20:47:41 2011 KojiUpdatePSLPMC aligned

The PMC exhibited the reduction of the transmission, so it was aligned.

The misalignment was not the angle of the beam but the translation of the beam in the vertical direction
as I had no improvement by moving the pitch of one mirror and had to move those two differentially.

This will give us the information what is moving by the temperature fluctuation or whatever.

  4662   Sun May 8 22:59:40 2011 ranaUpdatePSLPSL reference cavity temperature box modifications

I looked at the PSL temperature box. It started out as D980400-B-C. Then it was revised by Peter King as per the LHO mods E020247.

There are some more things to do to it to make it useful for us:

  1. R3, 4, 7, 8, 12, & 13 should be changed from 1k to 0 Ohms, I think. I cannot figure out their purpose.
  2. All resistors should be made metal-film. Right now, its kind of a mish-mash.
  3. The active filter U6B has a corner frequency of ~50 Hz. This seems not useful for keeping the 4116 DAC noise out of the temperature. We should lower this to ~30 mHz to take advantage of the stability of the LT1021 which was put in.

** Frank reminds me that we don't use the TIdal or VME external inputs anymore since we moved to the EPICS/Perl PID control. So all we have to do is make sure these inputs are hardware disabled/disconnected.

  4663   Mon May 9 09:37:51 2011 valeraUpdatePSLPSL and MC trends

The attached plot shows 7 day trends of the MC and PMC power levels, PSL QPDs, and temperature. The MC stayed locked for ~40 hours over the weekend. The temperature swings were somewhat smaller over the past couple of days but one should remember to turn the PSL HEPA down after working on the table. Steve turned the HEPA flow from 100% down to 20% on Thursday and posted the reminder signs on the PSL enclosure.

Attachment 1: pslmcdrift2.pdf
  4666   Mon May 9 15:21:36 2011 josephbUpdatePSLFixed channel names for PSL QPDs, fixed saturation, changed signs

[Valera, Joe]

Software Changes:

First we changed all the C1:IOO-QPD_*_* channels to C1:PSL-QPD_*_* channels in the /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iool0/c1ioo.db file, as well as the /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/chans/daq/C0EDCU.ini file.  We then rebooted the frame builder via "telnet fb 8087" and then "shutdown".

This change breaks continuity for these channels prior to today.

The C1:PSL-QPD_POS_HOR and C1:PSL-QPD_POS_VERT channels were found to be backwards as well.  So we modified the /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iool0/c1ioo.db file to switch them.

Lastly, we changed the ASLO and AOFF values for the C1:PSL-QPD_POS_SUM and the C1:PSL-QPD_ANG_SUM so as to provide positive numbers.  This was done by flipping the sign for each entry.

ASLO went from 0.004883 to -0.004883, and AOFF when from -10 to 10 for both channels.

Hardware Changes:

The C1:PSL-QPD_ANG_SUM channel had been saturated at -10V.  Valera reduced the power on the QPD to drop it to about 4V by placing an ND attenuator in the ANG QPD path.

  4672   Mon May 9 20:30:20 2011 ranaUpdatePSLPSL reference cavity temperature box modifications

I re-installed the box (@ ~8:15) after reflowing some of the solder joints. I will observe it over night and then remove the 1K resistors. Attached is a 8 hour minute-trend.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  4677   Tue May 10 10:06:23 2011 josephbUpdatePSLFixed channel names for PSL QPDs, fixed saturation, changed signs

I added calculation entries to the /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iool0/c1ioo.db file which are named C1:IOO-QPD_*_*, as the channels were originally named.  These calculation channels have the identical data to the C1:PSL-QPD_*_* channels.  I then added the channels to the C0EDCU.ini file, so as to once again have continuity for the channels, in addition to having the newer, better named channels.

The c1iool0 machine ("telnet c1iool0", "reboot") and the framebuilder process ("telnet fb 8087", "shutdown") were both restarted after these changes.

These channels were brought up in dataviewer and compared.  The approriate channels were identical.


[Valera, Joe]

Software Changes:

First we changed all the C1:IOO-QPD_*_* channels to C1:PSL-QPD_*_* channels in the /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1iool0/c1ioo.db file, as well as the /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/chans/daq/C0EDCU.ini file.  We then rebooted the frame builder via "telnet fb 8087" and then "shutdown".

This change breaks continuity for these channels prior to today.


  4678   Tue May 10 11:14:44 2011 steveUpdatePSLPSL-QPD_ANG qpd optimized

Valera and I placed F 572.7 mm lens ~15 cm away  from the ang  qpd (in the same mount with ND filter) so that two qpds see different combination of ang and pos motion - there was no lenses prior to this change. The beam diameter is reduced to ~half .

Attachment 1: qpdangl.jpg
  4681   Tue May 10 20:57:05 2011 ranaUpdatePSLPSL reference cavity temperature box modifications : after 24 hours still OK


I re-installed the box (@ ~8:15) after reflowing some of the solder joints. I will observe it over night and then remove the 1K resistors. Attached is a 8 hour minute-trend.

 I compared this 24 hour trend with the one from this day exactly one year ago. Seems the same, so now I can make the resistor change.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  4697   Thu May 12 00:59:45 2011 ryan, ranaUpdatePSLReturn of the PSL temperature box

The PSL temperature box has returned to service, with some circuit modifications. The 1k resistors on all the temp. sensor inputs (R3, R4, R7, R8, R12, R12) were changed to 0 Ohm. Also, the 10k resistors R26, R28, R29, and R30 were changed to 10.2k metal film. The DCC document will be updated shortly. There is now an offset in the MINCOMEAS channel compared to the others, which will be corrected in the morning after looking at the overnight trend.

  4798   Thu Jun 9 10:38:30 2011 steveUpdatePSLPMC needs help

The PMC is losing power.

Attachment 1: pmcnothp.jpg
  4799   Thu Jun 9 12:21:07 2011 kiwamuUpdatePSLRe : PMC needs help

Nulling the slow actuation offset fixed the issue. Now PMC is back to normal.


The reflected beam on the CCD was quite symmetric (it looked very TEM00 mode !) for some reasons, I somehow suspected the mode matching to PMC.

One possibility I thought of was the laser temperature because it could change the laser spatial mode.

So I looked at the slow actuation offset on the FSS screen and found it was at -4.0 which sounds somewhat big.

Then I zeroed the offset by the slider and relocked PMC.

Then the spatial pattern of the reflected beam became usual (i.e. junk light looking) and the transmitted light wet up to 0.83 which is normal.

Quote from #4798

The PMC is losing power.


  4817   Tue Jun 14 16:38:31 2011 JamieUpdatePSLTweaked input pointing to PMC

The PMC trans power was a little low (0.77V or so).  I tweaked up the input pointing and now we're getting about 0.875V transmitted.

  4865   Thu Jun 23 10:17:49 2011 steveUpdatePSLAP table is open to PSL again

Access to the north side of the PSL table is blocked by the    8" beam guard. This opens the beam pathways between them.

Attachment 1: P1070911.JPG
Attachment 2: P1070910.JPG
  4870   Thu Jun 23 22:39:34 2011 JenneUpdatePSLPMC found unlocked

I found the PMC unlocked.  Koji noticed that the FSS Slow Actuator Adjust was railed at the positive end of the slider.  I set it close to zero, and relocked the PMC.  The FSS slow loop servo is doing its thing, and the PMC and MC are now locked. 

  4880   Fri Jun 24 21:21:46 2011 SureshUpdatePSLPlaced labels on the zig-zag mirrors on PSL table

I put labels on the pair of beam steering mirrors which are at the output end of the PSL table.  I had changed one of these mirrors (elog) and Jenne had changed the other (elog).  This was at about 3PM today

I just learned from Kiwamu that this has messed up the MC alignment.


  4980   Sun Jul 17 18:23:23 2011 JenneUpdatePSLFound the PMC unlocked

It was unlocked since ~4:30am.  No idea why.  It's relocked so I can try round N of measuring the PRC length.

Attachment 1: PMCunlocked_17July2011.png
  4985   Mon Jul 18 21:06:32 2011 PSL Table GuardianOmnistructurePSLDon't leave the PSL table open, unattended!!!!!!!!!!!!11111

I found the PSL table left open, and unattended again. 

As far as I know, Jamie and Jenne (working on the LSC rack, so no lasers / optics work involved) have been the only ones in the IFO room for several hours now. 

I'm going to start taking laser keys, or finding other suitable punishments.  Like a day of lab cleanup chores or something.  Seriously, don't leave the PSL table open if you're not actively working on it.

  5043   Wed Jul 27 10:10:12 2011 steveUpdatePSLlocking status

 80 days: PMC is drifting

Attachment 1: 80dpmcMC.jpg
  5057   Thu Jul 28 19:49:12 2011 SonaliUpdatePSLPMC trans beam aligned.

Kiwamu and I aligned the PMC transmitted beam the incident beam going to PMC today.

I learnt how to lock the PMC using the digital controls.

  5064   Sat Jul 30 00:33:33 2011 KojiUpdatePSLABSL Laser crystal temp left largely excited & left unattended for more than 3hours

I found that the ref cav trans CCD view was blinking with 30-50 fringe amplitudes. This meant the laser freq was swinging ~50GHz.

I checked the ABSL laser and the SG out of a lock-in amplifier was connected to the slow input.

This was shaking the laser temp from 29degC to 46degC. This was the cause of the fringe swinging.
This big excitation changing the output power too as the temp was changed across it mode-hop region.

I have disconnected the excitation from the laser no matter how useful experiments were took place as there was no e-log entry about this.

I need the explanations

1. Why our precious laser is exposed to such a large swing of temperature?

2. Why the excitation is left like that without any attendance?

3. Why there was no elogging about this activity?

  5065   Sat Jul 30 02:47:43 2011 ranaUpdatePSLABSL Laser crystal temp left largely excited & left unattended for more than 3hours

 Hmm. Should have only been +/- 1 GHz. Some setting got changed apparently...

This is a part of the RefCav temperature measurement setup. You'll get an elog from Jenny very soon.

  5069   Sat Jul 30 10:01:35 2011 JennyUpdatePSLPSL table work

I've been working on the PSL table to put together a setup so that I can measure the reference cavity's response to a temperature step increase at the can surrounding it. My first step was to mode match the beam coming from the AP table to the cavity.

I implemented my mode matching solution. I ended up using a different one from the one I last elogged about. Here is the solution I used:

Two lenses: f = 1016.7.6 mm at -0.96 m and f = 687.5 mm at -0.658 m. (I set my origin at the polarizing beam splitter--the spot where I want my beam to match the beam coming from the PMC, so all waists are behind that point). Below is what it should look like.


What I did on the table:

  • Before placing lenses I aligned the beam and added a 1/2-wave plate between the two polarizing beam splitters to change the polarization of the beam from S to P.
  • I aligned the beam so that it reflected off of the cavity opening (monitoring the reflected power with a photodetector connected to an oscilloscope and tweaking the alignment to maximize the reflected signal). 
  • I then placed the lenses at -0.93 and -0.64 mm because the exact spots were blocked by optics being used in another setup.
  • I reasoned that since the fitting for the initial waist is so uncertain, the lens position being off by a few cm will not produce the dominating source of error. I am now driving the laser frequency using a lock-in as a function generator to drive the laser temperature at ~1 Hz. I'm then monitoring the power transmitted by the reference cavity with a camera connected to a TV monitor. I will use this setup to improve my mode matching.

Here's a picture of the PSL table with the lenses and mirror I added. The beam is redirected by a mirror and then a polarizing beam splitter. Past the beam splitter is another lens (f=286.5 mm), which was already in place from the mode matching of the beam from the PMC to the reference cavity.


Here is a block diagram of my intended experimental setup:


I am going to try to lock the laser to the cavity given my preliminary mode matching and then go back and improve it later. My next step is to find a frequency range for dithering the voltage sent to the PZT. To do this I will:

  • Measure the transfer function (amplitude response) of the PZT using a photodiode. The power outputted by the laser varies with driving frequency.
  • Find a frequency region in which the amplitude response is low.
Attachment 3: LIGO_block_diagram.png
ELOG V3.1.3-