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ID Date Author Type Category Subject
  16235   Thu Jul 1 16:45:25 2021 YehonathanUpdateBHDSOS assembly

The bonding test passed - the weight still hangs from the dumbell. Unfortunately, I broke the bond trying to release the assembly from the bracket. I made another batch of 6 dumbell+magnet.

I used some of the leftover epoxy to bond an assembly from the previous batch to a bracket so I can test it.

  16234   Thu Jul 1 11:37:50 2021 PacoUpdateGeneralrestarted c0rga

Physically rebooted c0rga workstation after failing to ssh into it (even as it was able to ping into it...) the RGA seems to be off though. The last log with data on it appears to date back to 2020 Nov 10, but reasonable spectra don't appear until before 11-05 logs. Gautam verified that the RGA was intentionally turned off then.

  16233   Thu Jul 1 10:34:51 2021 Paco, AnchalSummaryLSCETMY QPD fixed

Paco worked on alignign the beam splitter to get light on the ETMY QPD and was successful in centering it without any other changes in the settings.

  16232   Wed Jun 30 18:44:11 2021 AnchalSummaryLSCTried fixing ETMY QPD

I worked in Yend station, trying to get the ETMY QPD to work properly. When I started, only one (quadrant #3) of the 4 quadrants were seeing any lights. By just changing the beam splitter that reflects some light off to the QPD, I was able to get some amount of light in quadrant #2. However, no amount of steering would show any light in any other quadrants.

The only reason I could think of is that the incoming beam gets partially clipped as it seems to be hitting the beam splitter near the top edge. So for this to work properly, a mirror upstream needs to be adjusted which would change the alignment of TRX photodiode. Without the light on TRX photodiode, there is no lock and there is no light. So one can't steer this beam without lossing lock.

I tried one trick, in which, I changed the YARM lock trigger to POY DC signal. I got it to work to get the lock going even when TRY was covered by a beam finder card. However, this lock was still bit finicky and would loose lock very frequently. It didn't seem worth it to potentially break the YARM locking system for ETMY QPD before running this by anyone and this late in evening. So I reset everything to how it was (except the beam splitter that reflects light to EMTY QPD. That now has equal ligth falling on quadrant #2 and #3.

The settings I temporarily changed were:

  • C1:LSC-TRIG_MTRX_7_10 changed from 0 to -1 (uses POY DC as trigger)
  • C1:LSC-TRIG_MTRX_7_13 changed from 1 to 0 (stops using TRY DC as trigger)
  • C1:LSC-YARM_TRIG_THRESH_ON changed from 0.3 to -22
  • C1:LSC-YARM_TRIG_THRESH_OFF changed from 0.1 to -23.6
  • C1:LSC-YARM_FM_TRIG_THRESH_ON changed from 0.5 to -22
  • C1:LSC-YARM_FM_TRIG_THRESH_OFF changed from 0.1 to -23.6

All these were reverted back to there previous values manually at the end.

 

  16231   Wed Jun 30 15:31:35 2021 AnchalSummaryOptical LeversCentered optical levers on ITMY, BS, PRM and ETMY

When both arms were locked, we found that ITMY optical lever was very off-center. This seems to have happened after the c1susaux rebooting we did in June 17th. I opened the ITMY table and realigned the OPLev beam to the center when the arm was locked. I repeated this process for BS, PRM and ETMY. I did PRM because I've known that we have been keeping its OpLev off. The reason was clear once I opened the table. The oplev reflection beam was hitting the PD box instead of the PD. After correcting, I was able to swithc on PRM opLev loops and saw normal functioning.

  16230   Wed Jun 30 14:09:26 2021 Ian MacMillanUpdateCDSSUS simPlant model

I have looked at my code from the previous plot of the transfer function and realized that there is a slight error that must be fixed before we can analyze the difference between the theoretical transfer function and the measured transfer function.

The theoretical transfer function, which was generated from Photon has approximately 1000 data points while the measured one has about 120. There are no points between the two datasets that have the same frequency values, so they are not directly comparable. In order to compare them I must infer the data between the points. In the previous post [16195] I expanded the measured dataset. In other words: I filled in the space between points linearly so that I could compare the two data sets. Using this code:

#make values for the comparison
tck_mag = splrep(tst_f, tst_mag) # get bspline representation given (x,y) values
gen_mag = splev(sim_f, tck_mag) # generate intermediate values
dif_mag=[]
for x in range(len(gen_mag)):
    dif_mag.append(gen_mag[x]-sim_mag[x]) # measured minus predicted

tck_ph = splrep(tst_f, tst_ph) # get bspline representation given (x,y) values
gen_ph = splev(sim_f, tck_ph) # generate intermediate values
dif_ph=[]
for x in range(len(gen_ph)):
    dif_ph.append(gen_ph[x]-sim_ph[x])

At points like a sharp peak where the measured data set was sparse compared to the peak, the difference would see the difference between the intermediate “measured” values and the theoretical ones, which would make the difference much higher than it really was.

To fix this I changed the code to generate the intermediate values for the theoretical data set. Using the code here:

tck_mag = splrep(sim_f, sim_mag) # get bspline representation given (x,y) values
gen_mag = splev(tst_f, tck_mag) # generate intermediate values
dif_mag=[]
for x in range(len(tst_mag)):
    dif_mag.append(tst_mag[x]-gen_mag[x])#measured minus predicted

tck_ph = splrep(sim_f, sim_ph) # get bspline representation given (x,y) values
gen_ph = splev(tst_f, tck_ph) # generate intermediate values
dif_ph=[]
for x in range(len(tst_ph)):
    dif_ph.append(tst_ph[x]-gen_ph[x])

Because this dataset has far more values (about 10 times more) the previous problem is not such an issue. In addition, there is never an inferred measured value used. That makes it more representative of the true accuracy of the real transfer function.

This is an update to a previous plot, so I am still using the same data just changing the way it is coded. This plot/data does not have a Q of 1000. That plot will be in a later post along with the error estimation that we talked about in this week’s meeting.

The new plot is shown below in attachment 1. Data and code are contained in attachment 2

Attachment 1: SingleSusPlantTF.pdf
SingleSusPlantTF.pdf
Attachment 2: Plant_TF_Test.zip
  16229   Tue Jun 29 20:45:52 2021 YehonathanUpdateBHDSOS assembly

I glued another batch of 6 magnet+dumbell assemblies. I will take a look at them under the microscope once they are cured.

I also hanged a weight of ~150g from a sample dumbell made in the previous batch (attachments) to test the magnet+dumbell bonding strength.

Attachment 1: 20210629_135736.jpg
20210629_135736.jpg
Attachment 2: 20210629_135746.jpg
20210629_135746.jpg
  16228   Tue Jun 29 17:42:06 2021 Anchal, Paco, GautamSummaryLSCMICH locking tutorial with Gautam

Today we went through LSC locking mechanics with Gautam and as a "Hello World" example, worked on locking michelson cavity.


MICH settings changed:

  • Gautam at some point added 9 dB attenuation filters in MICH filter module in LSC to match the 9 dB pre-amplifier before digitization.
  • This required changing teh trigger thresholds, C1:LSC-MICH_TRIG_THRESH_ON and C1:LSC-MICH_TRIG_THRESH_OFF.
  • We looked at C1:LSC-AS55_Q_ERR_DQ and C1:LSC-ASDC_OUT_DQ on ndscope.
  • The zero crossings in AS55_Q correspond to ASDC going to zero. We found the threshold values of ASDC by finding the linear region in zero crossing of AS55_Q.
  • We changed the thresold values to UP: -0.3mW and DOWN -0.05mW. The thresholds were also changed in C1LSC_FM_TRIG.
  • We also set FM2,3,6 and 8 to be triggered on threshold.

We characterized the loop OLTF, found the UGF to be 90 Hz and measured the noise at error and control points.

gautam: one aim of this work was to demonstrate that the "Lock Michelson (dark)" script call from the IFOconfigure screen worked - it did, reliably, after the setting changes mentioned above.

  16227   Mon Jun 28 12:35:19 2021 YehonathanUpdateBHDSOS assembly

On Thursday, I glued another set of 6 dumbells+magnets using the same method as before. I made sure that dumbells are pressed onto the magnets.

I came in today to check the gluing situation. The situation looks much better than before. It seems like the glue is stable against small forces (magnetic etc.). I checked the assemblies under a microscope.

It seems like I used excessive amounts of glue (attachment 1,2). The surfaces of the dumbells were also contaminated (attachment 3). I cleaned the dumbells' surfaces using acetone and IPO (attachment 4) and scratched some of the glue residues from the sides of the assemblies.

Next time, I will make a shallow bath of glue to obtain precise amounts using a needle.

I glued a sample assembly on a metal bracket using epoxy. Once it cures I will hang a weight on the dumbell to test the gluing strength.

Attachment 1: toomuchglue1.png
toomuchglue1.png
Attachment 2: toomuchglue2.png
toomuchglue2.png
Attachment 3: dirtydumbell.png
dirtydumbell.png
Attachment 4: cleandumbell.png
cleandumbell.png
Attachment 5: assembly_on_metalbracket.png
assembly_on_metalbracket.png
  16226   Fri Jun 25 19:14:45 2021 JonUpdateEquipment loanZurich Instruments analyzer

I returned the Zurich Instruments analyzer I borrowed some time ago to test out at home. It is sitting on first table across from Steve's old desk.

Attachment 1: ZI.JPG
ZI.JPG
  16225   Fri Jun 25 14:06:10 2021 JonUpdateCDSFront-End Assembly and Testing

Summary

Here is the final summary (from me) of where things stand with the new front-end systems. With Anchal and Ian's recent scripted loopback testing [16224], all the testing that can be performed in isolation with the hardware on hand has been completed. We currently have no indication of any problem with the new hardware. However, the high-frequency signal integrity and noise testing remains to be done.

I detail those tests and link some DTT templates for performing them below. We have not yet received the Myricom 10G network card being sent from LHO, which is required to complete the standalone DAQ network. Thus we do not have a working NDS server in the test stand, so cannot yet run any of the usual CDS tools such as Diaggui. Another option would be to just connect the new front-ends to the 40m Martian/DAQ networks and test them there.

Final Hardware Configuration

Due to the unavailablity of the 18-bit DACs that were expected from the sites, we elected to convert all the new 18-bit AO channels to 16-bit. I was able to locate four unused 16-bit DACs around the 40m [16185], with three of the four found to be working. I was also able to obtain three spare 16-bit DAC adapter boards from Todd Etzel. With the addition of the three working DACs, we ended up with just enough hardware to complete both systems.

The final configuration of each I/O chassis is as follows. The full setup is pictured in Attachment 1.

  C1BHD C1SUS2
Component Qty Installed Qty Installed
16-bit ADC 1 2
16-bit ADC adapter 1 2
16-bit DAC 1 3
16-bit DAC adapter 1 3
16-channel BIO 1 1
32-channel BO 0 6

This hardware provides the following breakdown of channels available to user models:

  C1BHD C1SUS2
Channel Type Channel Count Channel Count
16-bit AI* 31 63
16-bit AO 16 48
BO 0 192

*The last channel of the first ADC is reserved for timing diagnostics.

The chassis have been closed up and their permanent signal cabling installed. They do not need to be reopened, unless future testing finds a problem.

RCG Model Configuration

An IOP model has been created for each system reflecting its final hardware configuration. The IOP models are permanent and system-specific. When ready to install the new systems, the IOP models should be copied to the 40m network drive and installed following the RCG-compilation procedure in [15979]. Each system also has one temporary user model which was set up for testing purposes. These user models will be replaced with the actual SUS, OMC, and BHD models when the new systems are installed.

The current RCG models and the action to take with each one are listed below:

Model Name Host CPU DCUID Path (all paths local to chiara clone machine) Action
c1x06 c1bhd 1 23 /opt/rtcds/userapps/release/cds/c1/models/c1x06.mdl Copy to same location on 40m network drive; compile and install
c1x07 c1sus2 1 24 /opt/rtcds/userapps/release/cds/c1/models/c1x07.mdl Copy to same location on 40m network drive; compile and install
c1bhd c1bhd 2 25 /opt/rtcds/userapps/release/isc/c1/models/c1bhd.mdl Do not copy; replace with permanent OMC/BHD model(s)
c1su2 c1su2 2 26 /opt/rtcds/userapps/release/sus/c1/models/c1su2.mdl Do not copy; replace with permanent SUS model(s)

Each front-end can support up to four user models.

Future Signal-Integrity Testing

Recently, the CDS group has released a well-documented procedure for testing General Standards ADC and DACs: T2000188. They've also automated the tests using a related set of shell scripts (T2000203). Unfortnately I don't believe these scripts will work at the 40m, as they require the latest v4.x RCG.

However, there is an accompanying set of DTT templates that could be very useful for accelerating the testing. They are available from the LIGO SVN (log in with username: "first.last@LIGO.ORG"). I believe these can be used almost directly, with only minor updates to channel names, etc. There are two classes of DTT-templated tests:

  1. DAC -> ADC loopback transfer functions
  2. Voltage noise floor PSD measurements of individual cards

The T2000188 document contains images of normal/passing DTT measurements, as well as known abnormalities and failure modes. More sophisticated tests could also be configured, using these templates as a guiding example.

Hardware Reordering

Due to the unexpected change from 18- to 16-bit AO, we are now short on several pieces of hardware:

  • 16-bit AI chassis. We originally ordered five of these chassis, and all are obligated as replacements within the existing system. Four of them are now (temporarily) in use in the front-end test stand. Thus four of the new 18-bit AI chassis will need to be retrofitted with 16-bit hardware.
  • 16-bit DACs. We currently have exactly enough DACs. I have requested a quote from General Standards for two additional units to have as spares.
  • 16-bit DAC adapters. I have asked Todd Etzel for two additional adapter boards to also have as spares. If no more are available, a few more should be fabricated.
Attachment 1: test_stand.JPG
test_stand.JPG
  16224   Thu Jun 24 17:32:52 2021 Ian MacMillanUpdateCDSFront-End Assembly and Testing

Anchal and I ran tests on the two systems (C1-SUS2 and C1-BHD). Attached are the results and the code and data to recreate them.

We connected one DAC channel to one ADC channel and thus all of the results represent a DAC/ADC pair. We then set the offset to different values from -3000 to 3000 and recorded the measured signal. I then plotted the response curve of every DAC/ADC pair so each was tested at least once.

There are two types of plots included in the attachments

1) a summary plot found on the last pages of the pdf files. This is a quick and dirty way to see if all of the channels are working. It is NOT a replacement for the other plots. It shows all the data quickly but sacrifices precision.

2) In an in-depth look at an ADC/DAC pair. Here I show the measured value for a defined DC offset. The Gain of the system should be 0.5 (put in an offset of 100 and measure 50). I included a line to show where this should be. I also plotted the difference between the 0.5 gain line and the measured data. 

As seen in the provided plots the channels get saturated after about the -2000 to 2000 mark, which is why the difference graph is only concentrated on -2000 to 2000 range. 

Summary: all the channels look to be working they all report very little deviation off of the theoretical gain. 

Note: ADC channel 31 is the timing signal so it is the only channel that is wildly off. It is not a measurement channel and we just measured it by mistake.

Attachment 1: C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf
C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-SU2_Channel_Responses.pdf
Attachment 2: C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf
C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf C1-BHD_Channel_Responses.pdf
Attachment 3: CDS_Channel_Test.zip
  16223   Thu Jun 24 16:40:37 2021 KojiUpdateSUSMC lock acquired back again

[Koji, Anchal]

The issue of the PD output was that the PD whitened outputs of the sat amp (D080276) are differential, while the successive circuit (D000210 PD whitening unit) has the single-ended inputs. This means that the neg outputs (D080276 U2) have always been shorted to GND with no output R. This forced AD8672 to work hard at the output current limit. Maybe there was a heat problem due to this current saturation as Anchal reported that the unit came back sane after some power-cycling or opening the lid. But the heat issue and the forced differential voltage to the input stage of the chip eventually cause it to fail, I believe.

Anchal came up with the brilliant idea to bypass this issue. The sat amp box has the PD mon channels which are single-ended. We simply shifted the output cables to the mon connectors. The MC1 sus was nicely damped and the IMC was locked as usual. Anchal will keep checking if the circuit will keep working for a few days.

Attachment 1: P_20210624_163641_1.jpg
P_20210624_163641_1.jpg
  16222   Wed Jun 23 09:05:02 2021 AnchalUpdateSUSMC lock acquired back again

MC was unable to acquire lock because the WFS offsets were cleared to zero at some point and because of that MC was very misaligned to be able to catch back lock. In such cases, one wants the WFS to start accumulating offsets as soon as minimal lock is attained so that the mode cleaner can be automatically aligned. So I did following that worked:

  • Made the C1:IOO-WFS_TRIG_WAIT_TIME (delay in WFS trigger) from 3s to 0s.
  • Reduced C1:IOO-WFS_TRIGGER_THRESH_ON (Switchin on threshold) from 5000 to 1000.
  • Then as soon as a TEM00 was locked with poor efficiency, the WFS loops started aligning the optics to bring it back to lock.
  • After robust lock has been acquired, I restored the two settings I changed above.
Quote:

 


At the end, since MC has trouble catching lock after opening PSL shutter, I tried running burt restore the ioo to 2021/Jun/17/06:19/c1iooepics.snap but the problem persists

 

  16221   Tue Jun 22 17:05:26 2021 YehonathanUpdateBHDSOS assembly

According to the schematics, the distance between the original EQ tap holes is 0.5". Given that the original tap holes' diameter is 0.13" there is enough room for a 1/4" drill.

Quote:

Then, can we replace the four small EQ stops at the bottom (barrel surface) with two 1/4-20 EQ stops? This will require drilling the bottom EQ stop holders (two per SOS).

 

 

  16220   Tue Jun 22 16:53:01 2021 Ian MacMillanUpdateCDSFront-End Assembly and Testing

The channels on both the C1BHD and C1SUS2 seem to be frozen: they arent updating and are holding one value. To fix this Anchal and I tried:

  • restarting the computers 
    • restarting basically everything including the models
  • Changing the matrix values
  • adding filters
  • messing with the offset 
  • restarting the network ports (Paco suggested this apparently it worked for him at some point)
  • Checking to make sure everything was still connected inside the case (DAC, ADC, etc..)

I wonder if Jon has any ideas. 

  16219   Tue Jun 22 16:52:28 2021 PacoUpdateSUSADC/Slow channels issues

After sliding the alignment bias around and browsing through elog while searching for "stuck" we concluded the ITMX osems needed to be freed. To do this, the procedure is to slide the alignment bias back and forth ("shaking") and then as the OSEMs start to vary, enable the damping. We did just this, and then restored the alignment bias sliders slowly into their original positions. Attachment 1 shows the ITMX OSEM sensor input monitors throughout this procedure.


At the end, since MC has trouble catching lock after opening PSL shutter, I tried running burt restore the ioo to 2021/Jun/17/06:19/c1iooepics.snap but the problem persists

Attachment 1: shake_and_damp.png
shake_and_damp.png
  16218   Tue Jun 22 11:56:16 2021 Anchal, PacoUpdateSUSADC/Slow channels issues

We checked back in time to see how the BS and PRM OSEM slow channels are zero. It was clear that they became zero when we worked on this issue on June 17th, Thursday. So we simply went back and power cycled the c1susaux acromag chassis. After that, we had to log in to c1susaux computer and run

sudo /sbin/ifdown eth1
sudo /sbin/ifup eth1

This restarted the ethernet port acromag chassis is connected to. This solved this issue and we were able to see all the slow channels in BS and PRM.

But then, we noticed that the OPLEV of ITMX is unable to read the position of the beam on the QPD at all. No light was reaching the QPD. We went in, opened the ITMX table cover and confirmed that the return OPLEV beam is way off and is not even hitting one of the steering mirrors that brings it to the QPD. We switched off the OPLEV contribution to the damping.

We did burt restore to 16th June morning using
burtwb -f /opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/burt/autoburt/snapshots/2021/Jun/16/06:19/c1susaux.snap -l /tmp/controls_1210622_095432_0.write.log -o /tmp/controls_1210622_095432_0.nowrite.snap -v

This did not solve the issue.

Then we noticed that the OSEM signals from ITMX were saturated in opposite directions for Left and Right OSEMs. The Left OSEM fast channels are saturated to 1.918 um for UL and 1.399 um for LL, while both right OSEM channels are bottomed to 0 um. On the other hand, the acromag slow PD monitors are showing 0 on the right channels but 1097 cts on UL PDMon and 802 cts in LL PD Mon. We actually went in and checked the DC voltages from the PD input monitor LEMO ports on the ITMX dewhitening board D000210-A1 and measured non-zero voltages across all the channels. Following is a summary:

ITMX OSEM readouts
  C1-SUS-ITMX_XXSEN_OUT
(Fast ADC Channels) (um)
C1-SUS-ITMX_xxPDMon
(Slow Acromag Monitors) (cts)
Multimeter measurements at input to Dewhitening Boards
(V)
UL 1.918 1097 0.901
LL 1.399 802 0.998
UR 0 0 0.856
LR 0 0 0.792
SD 0.035 20 0.883

We even took out the 4-pin LEMO outputs from the dewhitening boards that go to the anti-aliasing chassis and checked the voltages. They are same as the input voltages as expected. So the dewhitening board is doing its job fine and the OSEMs are doing their jobs fine.

It is weird that both the ADC and the acromags are reading these values wrong. We believe this is causing a big yaw offset in the ITMX control signal causing the ITMX to turn enough make OPLEV go out of range. We checked the CDS FE status (attachment 1). Other than c1rfm showing a yellow bar (bit 2 = GE FANUC RFM card 0) in RT Net Status, nothing else seems wrong in c1sus computer. c1sus FE model is running fine. c1x02 (the lower level model) does show a red bar in TIM which suggests some timing issue. This is present in c1x04 too.


Bottomline:

Currently, the ITMX coil outputs are disabled as we can't trust the OSEM channels. We're investigating more why any of this is happening. Any input is welcome.

 

 

 

Attachment 1: CDS_FE_Status.png
CDS_FE_Status.png
  16217   Mon Jun 21 17:15:49 2021 Ian MacMillanUpdateCDSCDS Upgrade

Anchal and I wrote a script (Attachment 1) that will test the ADC and DAC connections with inputs on the INMON from -3000 to 3000. We could not run it because some of the channels seemed to be frozen. 

Attachment 1: DAC2ADC_Test.py
´╗┐import os
import time
import numpy as np
import subprocess
from traceback import print_exc
import argparse


def grabInputArgs():
    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
... 75 more lines ...
  16216   Fri Jun 18 23:53:08 2021 KojiUpdateBHDSOS assembly

Then, can we replace the four small EQ stops at the bottom (barrel surface) with two 1/4-20 EQ stops? This will require drilling the bottom EQ stop holders (two per SOS).

 

  16215   Fri Jun 18 19:02:00 2021 YehonathanUpdateBHDSOS assembly

Today I glued some magnets to dumbells.

First, I took 6 magnets (the maximum I can glue in one go) and divided them into 3 north and 3 south. Each triplet on a different razor (attachment 1).

I put the gluing fixture I found on top of these magnets so that each of the magnets sits in a hole in the fixture. I close the fixture but not all the way so that the dumbells get in easily (attachment 2).

I prepared EP-30 glue according to this dcc. I tested the mixture by putting some of it in the small toaster oven in the cleanroom for 15min at 200 degrees F.

The first two batches came out sticky and soft. I discarded the glue cartridge and opened a new one. The oven test results with the new cartridge were much better: smooth and hard surface. I picked up some glue with a needle and applied it to the surface of 6 dumbells I prepared in advance. I dropped the dumbells with the glue facing down into the magnet holes in the fixtures (attachment 3). I tightened the fixture and put some weight on it. I let it cure over the weekend.

I also pushed cut Viton tips that Jordan cleaned into the vented screws. While screwing small EQ stops into the lower clamps I found some problems. 4 of the lower clamps need rethreading. This is quite urgent because without those 4 clamps we don't have enough SOS towers. Moreover, I found that the screws that we bought from UC components to hold the lower clamps on the SOS towers were silver plated. This is a mistake in the SOS schematics (part 23) - they should be SS.

Attachment 1: 20210618_115017.jpg
20210618_115017.jpg
Attachment 2: Untitled_2.png
Untitled_2.png
Attachment 3: 20210618_160041_HDR.jpg
20210618_160041_HDR.jpg
  16214   Fri Jun 18 14:53:37 2021 AnchalSummaryPEMTemperature sensor network proposal

I propose we set up a temperature sensor network as described in attachment 1.

Here there are two types of units:

  • BASE-GATEWAY
    • Holds the processor to talk to the network through Modbus TCP/IP protocol.
    • This unit itself has a temperature sensor in it. It is powered by a power adaptor or PoE from the switch.
    • Each base unit can have at max 2 extended temperature probes ENV-TEMP.
  • ENV-TEMP
    • This is just a temperature probe with no other capabilities.
    • It is powered via PoE from the BASE-GATEWAY unit.

Proposal is

  • to put 2 ENV-TEMP sensors (#1 and #2) along the Y-arm at the end and midway. These are powered and read through a BASE-GATEWAY (#A) at the vertex. The BASE-GATEWAY (#A) will serve as temperature sensor for the vertex.
  • We put one ENV-TEMP(#3) at the X-end powered and read through by another BASE-GATEWAY (#B) at the midpoint of X-arm.
  • Both BASE-GATEWAY are connected by ethernet cables to the network switch. That's it.

These sensors can be configured over network by going to their assigned IP addresses. I'm not sure at the moment how to configure the dB files to get them to write on slow EPICS channels.

We will have an unused port on the BASE-GATEWAY (#B) which can be used to run another temperature sensor, maybe at an important rack, PSL table or somewhere else.

In future, if more sensors are required, there are expansion (network switch like) options for BASE-GATEWAY or daisy-chain options for the probes.



Edit Fri Jun 18 16:28:13 2021 :

See this [wiki page](https://wiki-40m.ligo.caltech.edu/Physical_Environment_Monitoring/Thermometers) for updated plan and final quote.

Attachment 1: 40mTempSensors.pdf
40mTempSensors.pdf
  16213   Fri Jun 18 10:07:23 2021 Anchal, PacoSummaryAUXXend Green Laser PDH OLTF with coherence

We did the measurement of OLTF for Xend green laser PDH loop with excitation added at control point using a SR560 as shown in attachment 1 of 16202. We also measured coherence in our measurement, see attachment 1.


Measurement details:

  • We took the \beta/\gamma measurement as per 16202.
  • We did measurement in two pieces. First in High frequency region, from 1 kHz to 100 kHz.
    • In this setup, the excitation amplitude was kept constant to 5 mV.
    • In this region, the OLTF is small enough that signal to noise ratio is maintained in \gamma (SR560 sum output, measured on CH1). The coherence can be seen to be constant 1 throughout for CH1 in this region.
    • But for \beta (PZT Mon, measured on CH2), the low OLTF actually starts damping both signal and noise and to elevate it above SR785 noise floor, we had a high pass (z:0Hz, p:100kHz, k:1000) SR560 amplifying \beta before measurement (see attachment 2). This amplification has been corrected in Attachment 1. This allowed us to improve the coherence on CH2 to above 0.5 mostly.
  • Second region is from 3 Hz to 1 kHz.
    • In this setup, the excitation was shaped with a low pass (p: 1Hz, k:5) SR560 filter with SR785 source amplitude as 1V.
    • We took 40 averaging cycles in this measurement to improve the coherence further.
    • In this freqeuency region, \beta is mostly coherent as we shaped the excitation as 1/f and due to constant cycle number averaging, the integrated noise goes as 1/\sqrt{f}(see 16202 for math).
    • We still lost coherence in \gamma (CH1) for frequencyes below 100 Hz. the reason is that the excitation is suppressed by OLTF while the noise is not for this channel. So the 1/f shaping of excitation only helps fight against the suppression of OLTF somewhat and not against the noise.
      \gamma = \left( \frac{\eta}{A(s)} - \frac{\nu_e}{G_{OL}(s)} + \frac{\chi}{A(s) C(s)} \right)\frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1-G_{OL}(s)}
    • We need 1/f^2 shaping for this purpose but we were loosing lock with that shaping so we shifted back to 1/f shaping and captured whatever we could.
    • It is clear that the noise takes over below 100 Hz and coherence in CH1 is lost there.

Inferences:

  • Yes, the OLTF does not look how it should look but:
  • The green region in attachment 1 shows the data points where coherence on both CH1 and CH2 was higher than 0.75.  So the saturation measured below 1 kHz, particularly in 100 Hz to 500 Hz (where coherence on both channels is almost 1) is real.
  • This brings the question, what is saturating. As has been suggested before, our excitation signal is probably saturating some internal stage in the uPDH box. We need to investigate this next.
    • It is however very non-intuitive to why this saturation is so non-uniform (zig-zaggy) in both magnitude and phase.
    • In past experiences, whenever I saw somehting saturating, it would cause a flat top response in transfer function.
  • Another interesting thing to note is the reduced UGF in this measurement.
  • UGF is about 40-45 kHz. This we believe is due to reduced mode matching of the green light to the XARM when temperature of the end increases too much. We took the measurement at 6 pm and Koji posted the Xend's temperature to be 30 C at 7 pm in 16206. It certainly becomes harder to lock at hot temperatures, probably due to reduced phase margin and loop gain.
Attachment 1: XEND_PDH_OLTF_with_Coherence.pdf
XEND_PDH_OLTF_with_Coherence.pdf
Attachment 2: Beta_Amp.pdf
Beta_Amp.pdf
  16212   Thu Jun 17 22:25:38 2021 KojiUpdateSUSNew electronics: Sat Amp / Coil Drivers

It is a belated report: We received 5 more sat amps on June 4th. (I said 7 more but it was 6 more) So we still have one more sat amp coming from Todd.

- 1 already delivered long ago
- 8 received from Todd -> DeLeone -> Chub. They are in the lab.
- 11 units on May 21st
- 5 units on Jun 4th
Total 1+8+11+5 = 25
1 more unit is coming

 

Quote:

11 new Satellite Amps were picked up from Downs. 7 more are coming from there. I have one spare unit I made. 1 sat amp has already been used at MC1.

We had 8 HAM-A coil drivers delivered from the assembling company. We also have two coil drivers delivered from Downs (Anchal tested)

 

Attachment 1: P_20210604_231028.jpeg
P_20210604_231028.jpeg
  16211   Thu Jun 17 22:19:12 2021 KojiUpdateElectronics25 HAM-A coil driver units delivered

25 HAM-A coil driver units were fabricated by Todd and I've transported them to the 40m.
 2 units we already have received earlier.
The last (1) unit has been completed, but Luis wants to use it for some A+ testing. So 1 more unit is coming.

Attachment 1: P_20210617_195811.jpg
P_20210617_195811.jpg
  16210   Thu Jun 17 16:37:23 2021 Anchal, PacoUpdateSUSc1susaux computer rebooted

Jon suggested to reboot the acromag chassis, then the computer, and we did this without success. Then, Koji suggested we try running ifup eth0, so we ran `sudo /sbin/ifup eth0` and it worked to put c1susaux back in the martian network, but the modbus service was still down. We switched off the chassis and rebooted the computer and we had to do sudo /sbin/ifup eth0` again (why do we need to do this manually everytime?). Switched on the chassis but still no channels. `sudo systemctl status modbusioc.service' gave us inactive (dead) status. So  we ran sudo systemctl restart modbusioc.service'.

The status became:


● modbusIOC.service - ModbusIOC Service via procServ
   Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/modbusIOC.service; enabled)
   Active: inactive (dead)
           start condition failed at Thu 2021-06-17 16:10:42 PDT; 12min ago
           ConditionPathExists=/opt/rtcds/caltech/c1/burt/autoburt/latest/c1susaux.snap was not met`

After another iteration we finally got a modbusIOC.service OK status, and we then repeated Jon's reboot procedure. This time, the acromags were on but reading 0.0, so we just needed to run `sudo /sbin/ifup eth1`and finally some sweet slow channels were read. As a final step we burt restored to 05:19 AM today c1susaux.snap file and managed to relock the IMC >> will keep an eye on it.... Finally, in the process of damping all the suspended optics, we noticed some OSEM channels on BS and PRM are reading 0.0 (they are red as we browse them)... We succeeded in locking both arms, but this remains an unknown for us.

  16209   Thu Jun 17 11:45:42 2021 Anchal, PacoUpdateSUSMC1 Gave trouble again

TL;DR

MC1 LL Sensor showed signs of fluctuating large offsets. We tried to find the issue in the box but couldn't find any. On power cycling, the sensor got back to normal. But in putting back the box, we bumped something and c1susaux slow channels froze. We tried to reboot it, but it didn't work and the channels do not exist anymore.


Today morning we came to find that IMC struggled to lock all night (See attachment 1). We kind of had an indication yesterday evening that MC1 LL Sensor PD had a higher variance than usual and Paco had to reset WFS offsets because they had integrated the noise from this sensor. Something similar happened last night, that a false offset and its fluctuation overwhelmed WFS and MC1 got misaligned making it impossible for IMC to get lock.

In the morning, Paco again reset the WFS offsets but not we were sure that the PD variance from MC1 LL osem was very high. See attachment 2 to see how only 1 OSEM is showing higher noise in comparison to the other 4 OSEMs. This behavior is similar to what we saw earlier in 16138 but for UL sensor. Koji and I fixed it in 16139 and we tested all other channels too.

So, Paco and I, went ahead and took out the MC1 satellite amplifier box S2100029 D1002812, opened the top, and checked all the PD channel testpoints with no input current. We didn't find anything odd. Next we checked the LED dirver circuit testpoints with LED OUT and GND shorted. We got 4.997V on all LED MON testpoints which indicate normal functioning.

We just hooked back everything on the MC1 satellit box and checked the sensor channels again on medm screens. To our surprise, it started functioning normally. So maybe, just a power cycling was required but we still don't know what caused this issue.

BUT when I (Anchal) was plugging back the power cables and D25 connectors on the back side in 1X4 after moving the box back into the rack, we found that the slow channels stopped updating. They just froze!

We got worried for some time as the negative power supply indicator LEDs on the acromag chassis (which is just below the MC1 satellite box) were not ON. We checked the power cables and had to open the side panel of the 1X4 rack to check how the power cables are connected. We found that there is no third wire in the power cables and the acromag chassis only takes in single rail supply. We confirmed this by looking at another acromag chassis on Xend. We pasted a note on the acromag chassis for future reference that it uses only positive rails and negative LED monitors are not usually ON.

Back to solving the frozen acromag issue, we conjectured that maybe the ethernet connection is broken. The DB25 cables for the satellite box are bit short and pull around other cables with it when connected. We checked all the ethernet cabling, it looked fine. On c1susaux computer, we saw that the monitor LED for ethernet port 2 which is connected to acromag chassis is solid ON while the other one (which is probably connection to the switch) is blinking.

We tried doing telnet to the computer, it didn't work. The host refused connection from pianosa workstation. We tried pinging the c1susaux computer, and that worked. So we concluded that most probably, the epics modbus server hosting the slow channels on c1susaux is unable to communicate with acromag chassis and hence the solid LED light on that ethernet port instead of a blinking one. We checked computer restart procedure page for SLOW computers on wiki and found that it said if telnet is not working, we can hard reboot the computer.

We hard reboot the computer by long pressing the power button and then presssing it back on. We did this process 3 times with the same result. The ethernet port 2 LED (Acromag chassis) would blink but the ethernet port 1 LED (connected to switch) would not turn ON. We now can not even ping the machine now, let alone telnet into it. All SUS slow monitor channels are not present now ofcourse. We also tried once pressing the reset button (which the manual said would reboot the machine), but we got the same outcome.

Now, we decided to stop poking around until someone with more experience can help us on this.


Bottomline: We don't know what caused the LL sensor issue and hence it has not been fixed. It can happen again. We lost all C1SUSAUX slow channels which are the OSEM and COIL slow monitor channels for PRM, BS, ITMX, ITMY, MC1, MC2 and MC3.

Attachment 1: SummaryScreenShot.png
SummaryScreenShot.png
Attachment 2: MC1_LL_SENSOR_DEAD.png
MC1_LL_SENSOR_DEAD.png
  16208   Thu Jun 17 11:19:37 2021 Ian MacMillanUpdateCDSCDS Upgrade

Jon and I tested the ADC and DAC cards in both of the systems on the test stand. We had to swap out an 18-bit DAC for a 16-bit one that worked but now both machines have at least one working ADC and DAC.

[Still working on this post. I need to look at what is in the machines to say everything ]

  16207   Wed Jun 16 20:32:39 2021 YehonathanUpdateCDSOpto-isolator for c1auxey

I installed 2 additional isolators in the Acromag chassis. I set all the input channels to PNP. I ran the digital inputs (EnableMon channels) through these isolators according to the previous post.

I tested the digital inputs in the following way:

I connected an 18V voltage source to the signal wire under test through a 1Kohm resistor. I connected the GND of the voltage source to the RTN wire of the feedthrough. When the voltage source was connected, the LED on the isolator turned on and the EPICs channel under test was Enabled. When I disconnected the voltage source or shorted the signal wire to GND the LED on the isolator turned off and the EPICs channel showed a Disabled state.

  16206   Wed Jun 16 19:34:18 2021 KojiUpdateGeneralHVAC

I made a flow sensor with a stick and tissue paper to check the airflow.

- The HVAC indicator was not lit, but it was just the blub problem. The replacement bulb is inside the gray box.

- I went to the south arm. There are two big vent ducts for the outlets and intakes. Both are not flowing the air.
  The current temp at 7pm was ~30degC. Max and min were 31degC and 18degC.

- Then I went to the vertex and the east arm. The outlets and intakes are flowing.

Attachment 1: HVAC_Power.jpeg
HVAC_Power.jpeg
Attachment 2: South_Arm.jpeg
South_Arm.jpeg
Attachment 3: South_End_Tenperature.jpeg
South_End_Tenperature.jpeg
Attachment 4: Vertex.jpeg
Vertex.jpeg
Attachment 5: East_Arm.jpeg
East_Arm.jpeg
  16205   Wed Jun 16 17:24:29 2021 YehonathanUpdateCDSOpto-isolator for c1auxey

I updated the wiring diagram according to Koji's suggestion. According to the isolator manual, this configuration requires that the isolator input be configured as PNP.

Additionally, when the switch in the coil driver is open the LED in the isolator is signaling an on-state. Therefore, we might need to configure the Acromag to invert the input.

There are the Run/Aquire channels that we might need to add to the wiring diagram. If we do need to read them using slow channels, we will have to pull them up like the EnableMon channels to use them like in the wiring diagram.

Attachment 1: Optical_isolator_Wiring.pdf
Optical_isolator_Wiring.pdf
  16204   Wed Jun 16 13:20:19 2021 Anchal, PacoSummaryCamerasMon 7 in Control Room Replaced

We replaced the Mon 7 with an LCD monitor from back bench. It is fed the analog signal from BNC converted into VGS with a converter box that Paco bought. We can replace this monitor with another monitor if it is required on the back bench. For now, we definitely need a monitor to show IMC camera's up there.

Attachment 1: IMG_20210616_083810.jpg
IMG_20210616_083810.jpg
  16203   Tue Jun 15 21:48:55 2021 KojiUpdateCDSOpto-isolator for c1auxey

If my understanding is correct, the (photo receiving) NPN transistor of the optocoupler is energized through the acromag. The LED side should be driven by the coil driver circuit. It is properly done for the "enable mon" through 750Ohm and +V. However, "Run/Acquire" is a relay switch and there is no one to drive the line. I propose to add the pull-up network to the run/acquire outputs. This way all 8 outputs become identical and symmetric.

We should test the configuration if this works properly. This can be done with just a manual switch, R=750Ohm, and a +V supply  (+18V I guess).

Attachment 1: Acromag_RTS_BI_config.jpg
Acromag_RTS_BI_config.jpg
  16202   Tue Jun 15 15:26:43 2021 Anchal, PacoSummaryAUXXend Green Laser PDH OLTF measurement loop algebra, excitation at control point

Attachment 1 shows the case when excitation is sent at control point i.e. the PZT output. As before, free running laser noise \eta in units of Hz/rtHz is added after the actuator and I've also shown shot noise being added just before the detector.

Again, we have a access to three output points for measurement. \alpha right at the output of mixer (the PDH error signal), \beta the feedback signal to be applied by uPDH box (PZT Mon) and \gamma the output of the summing box SR560.

Doing loop algebra as before, we get:

\large \alpha = \frac{\eta}{K(s) A(s)} \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} + \frac{\chi}{C(s) K(s) A(s)} \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} - \frac{\nu_e}{K(s) } \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)}

\large \beta = \frac{\eta}{A(s)} \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} + \frac{\chi}{C(s) A(s)} \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} - \nu_e \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)}

\large \gamma= \frac{\eta}{A(s)} \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} + \frac{\chi}{C(s) A(s)} \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} - \nu_e \frac{1}{1 - G_{OL}(s)}

So measurement of \large G_{OL}(s) can be done by

\large G_{OL}(s) \approx \frac{\beta}{\gamma}

  • For frequencies, where \large G_{OL}(s) is large enough, to have an SNR of 100, we need that ratio of \large \nu_e to integrated noise is 100.
  • Assuming you are averaging for 'm' number of cycles in your swept sine measurement, time of integration for the noise signal would be \large \frac{m}{f}where f is the frequency point of the seeping sine wave.
    • This means, the amplitude of integrated laser frequency noise at either \large \beta or \large \gamma would be \large \sqrt{\left(\frac{\eta(f)}{A(f)}\right)^2\frac{f}{m}} = \frac{\eta(f) \sqrt{f}}{A(f)\sqrt{m}}
    • Therefore, signal to laser free running noise ratio at f would be \large S = \frac{\nu_eA(f)\sqrt{m}}{\eta(f) \sqrt{f}}.
    • This means to keep a constant SNR of S, we need to shape the excitation amplitude as \large \nu_e \sim S \frac{\eta(f) \sqrt{f}}{A(f)\sqrt{m}}
    • Putting in numbers for X end Green PDH loop, laser free-running frequency noise ASD is 1e4/f Hz/rtHz, laser PZT actuation is 1MHz/V, then for 10 integration cycles and SNR of 100, we get: \large \nu_e \sim 100 \times \frac{10^4 \sqrt{f}}{f \times10^6 \sqrt{10}} = \frac{30\, mV}{\sqrt{f}}
  • Assuming you are averaging for a constant time \large \tau in swept sine measurement, then the amplitude of integrated laser free noise would be \large \sqrt{\left(\frac{\eta(f)}{A(f)}\right)^2 \frac{1}{\tau}} = \frac{\eta(f) }{A(f)\sqrt{\tau}}
    • In this case, signal to laser free-running noise ratio at f would be \large S = \frac{\nu_eA(f)\sqrt{\tau}}{\eta(f)}
    • This means to keep a constant SNR of S, we need to shape the excitation amplitude as \large \nu_e \sim S\frac{\eta(f)}{A(f)\sqrt{\tau}}
    • Again putting in numbers as above and integration time of 1s, we need an excitation amplitude shape \large \nu_e \sim 100 \times \frac{10^4 }{f \times10^6 \sqrt{1}} = \frac{1\, V}{f}

This means at 100 Hz, with 10 integration cycles, we should have needed only 3 mV of excitation signal to get an SNR of 100. However, we have been unable to get good measurements with even 25 mV of excitation. We tried increasing the cycles, that did not work either.

This post is to summarize this analysis. We need more tests to get any conclusions.

Attachment 1: AuxPDHloop.pdf
AuxPDHloop.pdf
  16201   Tue Jun 15 11:46:40 2021 Ian MacMillanUpdateCDSSUS simPlant model

I have added more degrees of freedom. The model includes x, y, z, pitch, yaw, roll and is controlled by a matrix of transfer functions (See Attachment 2). I have added 5 control filters to individually control UL, UR, LL, LR, and side. Eventually, this should become a matrix too but for the moment this is fine.

Note the Unit delay blocks in the control in Attachment 1. The model will not compile without these blocks.

Attachment 1: x1sup_isolated-6-15-v1.pdf
x1sup_isolated-6-15-v1.pdf
Attachment 2: C1_SUS_SINGLE_PLANT-6-15-v1.pdf
C1_SUS_SINGLE_PLANT-6-15-v1.pdf
  16200   Mon Jun 14 18:57:49 2021 AnchalUpdateAUXXend is unbearably hot. Green laser is loosing lock in 10's of seconds

Working in Xend with mask on has become unbearable. It is very hot there and I would really like if we fix this issue.


Today, the Xend Green laser was just unable to hold lock for longer than 10's of seconds. The longest I could see it hold lock was for about 2 minutes. I couldn't find anything obviously wrong with it. Attached are noise spectrums of error and control points. The control point spectrum shows good matching with typical free running laser noise.

Are the few peaks above 10 kHz in error point spectrum worrysome? I need to think more about it in a cooler place to make sure.

I wanted to take a high frequency spectrum of error point to make sure that higher harmonics of 250 kHz modulation frequency are not leaking into the PDH box after demodulation. However, the lock could not be maintained long enough to take this final measurement. I'll try again tomorrow morning. It is generally cooler in the mornings.


This post is just an update on what's happening. I need to work more to get some meaningful inferences about this loop.

Attachment 1: XAUX_PDH_Err_In_ASD.pdf
XAUX_PDH_Err_In_ASD.pdf
Attachment 2: XAUX_PZT_Out_Mon_ASD.pdf
XAUX_PZT_Out_Mon_ASD.pdf
  16199   Mon Jun 14 15:31:30 2021 YehonathanUpdateCDSOpto-isolator for c1auxey

I checked the BI situation on the HAM-A coil driver. It seems like these are sinking BIs and indeed need to be isolated from the Acromag unit GND to avoid contamination.

The BIs will have to be isolated on a different isolator. Now, the wires coming from the field (red) are connected to the second isolator's input and the outputs are connected to the Acromag BI module and the Acromag's RTN.

I updated the wiring diagram (attached) and the wiring spreadsheet.

In the diagram, you can notice that the BI isolator (the right one) is powered by the Acromag's +15V and switched when the coil driver's GND is supplied. I am not sure if it makes sense or not. In this configuration, there is a path between the coil driver's GND and the Acromag's GND but its resistance is at least 10KOhm. The extra careful option is to power the isolator by the coil driver's +V but there is no +V on any of the connectors going out of the coil driver.

I installed an additional isolator on the DIN rail and wired the remaining BOs (C1:SUS-ETMY_SD_ENABLE, C1:SUS-ETMY_LR_ENABLE) through it to the DB9F-4 feedthrough. I also added DB9F-3 for incoming wires from the RTS and made the required connection from it to DB9F-4.

I tested the new isolated BOs using the Windows machine (after stopping Modbus). As before, I measure the resistance between pin 5 (coil driver GND) and the channel under test. When I turn on the BO I see the resistance drops from inf to 166ohm and back to inf when I turn it off. Both channels passed the test.

 

Attachment 1: Optical_isolator_Wiring.pdf
Optical_isolator_Wiring.pdf
  16198   Fri Jun 11 20:19:50 2021 KojiSummaryBHDBHD OMC invacuum wiring

Stephen and I discussed the in-vacuum OMC wiring.

- One of the OMCs has already been completed. (Blue)
- The other OMC is still being built. It means that these cables need to be built. (Pink)
- However, the cables for the former OMC should also be replaced because the cable harness needs to be replaced from the metal one to the PEEK one.
- The replacement of the harness can be done by releasing the Glenair Mighty Mouse connectors from the harness. (This probably requires a special tool)
- The link to the harness photo is here: https://photos.app.goo.gl/3XsUKaDePbxbmWdY7

- We want to combine the signals for the two OMCs into three DB25s. (Green)
- These cables are custom and need to be designed.

- The three standard aLIGO-style cables are going to be used. (Yellow)

- The cable stand here should be the aLIGO style.

Attachment 1: 40mBHD_OMC_wiring.pdf
40mBHD_OMC_wiring.pdf
  16197   Thu Jun 10 14:01:36 2021 AnchalSummaryAUXXend Green Laser PDH OLTF measurement loop algebra

Attachment 1 shows the closed loop of Xend Green laser Arm PDH lock loop. Free running laser noise gets injected at laser head after the PZT actuation as \eta. The PDH error signal at output of miser is fed to a gain 1 SR560 used as summing junction here. Used in 'A-B mode', the B port is used for sending in excitation \nu_e e^{st} where s = i\omega.

We have access to three ports for measurement, marked \alpha at output of mixer, \beta at output of SR560, and \gamma at PZT out monitor port in uPDH box. From loop algebra, we get following:

\large \left[ (\alpha - \nu_e) K(s)A(s) + \eta \right ]C(s)D(s) = \alpha

\large \Rightarrow (\alpha - \nu_e) G_{OL}(s) + \eta C(s)D(s) = \alpha, where \large G_{OL}(s) = C(s) D(s) K(s) A(s) is the open loop transfer function of the loop.

\large \Rightarrow \alpha = \eta \frac{C(s) D(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} \quad -\quad \nu_e\frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)}

\large \Rightarrow \beta = \eta \frac{C(s) D(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} \quad -\quad \nu_e\frac{1}{1 - G_{OL}(s)}

\large \Rightarrow \gamma = \eta \frac{1}{K(s)} \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)} \quad -\quad \nu_e\frac{K(s)}{1 - G_{OL}(s)}

So measurement of \large G_{OL}(s) can be done in following two ways (not a complete set):

  1. \large G_{OL}(s) \approx \frac{\alpha}{\beta} = \frac{G_{OL}(s) - \frac{\eta C(s)D(s)}{\nu_e}}{1 - \frac{\eta C(s)D(s)}{\nu_e}}, if excitation amplitude is large enough such that \large \frac{\eta C(s)D(s)}{\nu_e} \ll 1over all frequencies.
    • In this method however, note that SR785 would be taking ratio of unsuppresed excitation at \large \alpha with suppressed excitation at \large \beta.
    • If the closed loop gain (suppression) \large 1/(1 - G_{OL}(s))is too much, the excitation signal might drop below noise floor of SR785 while measuring \large \beta.
    • This would then appear as a flat response in the transfer function.
    • This happened with us when we tried to measure this transfer function using this method. Below few hundered Hz, the measurement will become flat at around 40 dB.
    • Increasing the excitation amplitude where suppression is large should ideally work. We even tried to use Auto level reference option in SR785.
    • But the PDH loop gets unlocked as soon as we put exciation above 35 mV at this point in this loop.
  2. \large \frac{G_{OL}(s)}{K(s)} \approx \frac{\alpha}{\gamma} = \frac{G_{OL}(s) - \frac{\eta C(s)D(s)}{\nu_e}}{K(s)\left(1 - \frac{\eta C(s)D(s)}{\nu_e}\right )}, if excitation amplitude is large enough such that \large \frac{\eta C(s)D(s)}{\nu_e} \ll 1over all frequencies.
    • In this method, channel 1 (denominator) on SR785 would remain high in amplitude throughout the measurement avoiding the above issue of suppression below noise floor.
    • We can easily measure the feedback transfer funciton \large K(s) with the loop open. Then multiplying the two measurements should give us estimate of open loop transfer function.
    • This is waht we did in 16194. But we still could not increase the excitation amplitude beyond 35 mV at injection point and got a noisy measurement.
    • We checked yesterday coherence of excitation signal with the three measurment points \large \alpha, \beta, \gamma and it was 1 throughout the frequency region of measurement for excitation amplitudes above 20 mV.
    • So as of now, we are not sure why our signal to noise was so poor in lower frequency measurement.
Attachment 1: AUX_PDH_LOOP.pdf
AUX_PDH_LOOP.pdf
  16196   Wed Jun 9 18:29:13 2021 Anchal, PacoSummaryALSCheck for saturation in ITMX SOS Driver

We did a quick check to make sure there is no saturation in the C1:SUS-ITMX_LSC_EXC analog path. For this, we looked at the SOS driver output monitors from the 1X4 chassis near MC2 on a scope. We found that even with 600 x 10 = 6000 counts of our 619 Hz excitation these outputs in particular are not saturating (highest mon signal was UL coil with 5.2 Vpp). In comparison, the calibration trials we have done before had 600 counts of amplitude, so we can safely increase our oscillator strength by that much yes


Things that remain to be investigated -->

  • What is the actual saturation level?
  • Two-tone intermodulation?
  16195   Wed Jun 9 13:50:48 2021 Ian MacMillanUpdateCDSSUS simPlant model

I have attached an updated transfer function graph with the residual easier to see. I thought here I would include a better explanation of what this transfer function was measuring.

This transfer function was mainly about learning how to use DTT and Foton to make and measure transfer functions. Therefore it is just measuring across a single CDS filter block. X1SUP_ISOLATED_C1_SUS_SINGLE_PLANT_Plant_POS_Mod block to be specific. This measurement shows that the block is doing what I programmed it to do with Foton. The residual is probably just because the measured TF had fewer points than the calculated one.

The next step is to take a closed-loop TF of the system and the control module.

After that, I want to add more degrees of freedom to the model. both in the plant and in the controls.

Attachment 1: SingleSusPlantTF.pdf
SingleSusPlantTF.pdf
  16194   Wed Jun 9 11:46:01 2021 Anchal, PacoSummaryAUXXend Green Laser PDH OLTF measurement

We measured the Xend green laser PDH Open loop transfer function by following method:

  • We first measured the feedback transfer function 'K' directly.
    • See attachment 2 for this measurement. We measured Out2/exc here.
  • Then, we closed the loop as shown in attachment 1with SR560 as a summing juntion at error point.
    • We injected excitation through B channel in SR560 and measured transfer function Out1/Out2.
    • This measurement should give us G_{OL} / K by loop alegbra.
  • Then we multiplied the two transfer function measurements to get open loop transfer function.

Result:

  • Our measurement gives the same UGF of 10kHz and phase margin of 53.5 degrees as reported in 13238.
  • The shape of measurement also follows 1/f above 10 Hz atleast.
  • Our measurement might not be correct below 10 Hz but we did not see any saturation or loss of lock in 1Hz to 10 Hz measurement.
  • This OLTF is different from the modelled OLTF here even though the UGF matches.
  • The feedback gain is supposed to roll-off faster than 1/f in 30Hz to 1kHz region but it does not seem to in our measurement.
  • This suggests that the actual uPDH box is shaping the loop different from what schematic suggests. This might mean that the gain is much lower in the low frequency region than we would like it to be.
  • We will investigate the reason of difference between model and measurement unless someone has a better explaination for the descripancy.
Attachment 1: image-6f2923a3-01ce-4d04-bc53-d8db0238e195.jpg
image-6f2923a3-01ce-4d04-bc53-d8db0238e195.jpg
Attachment 2: image-72223f4b-3b74-4574-a7ad-de6628a2c5e9.jpg
image-72223f4b-3b74-4574-a7ad-de6628a2c5e9.jpg
Attachment 3: X_Green_ARM_PDH_OLTF.pdf
X_Green_ARM_PDH_OLTF.pdf
  16193   Tue Jun 8 11:54:39 2021 YehonathanUpdateCDSBI channels on c1auxey

I tested the digital inputs the following way: I connected a DB9 breakout to DB9M-5 and DB9M-6 where digital inputs are hosted. I shorted the channel under test to GND to turn it on.

I observed the channels turn from Disabled to Enabled using caget when I shorted the channel to GND and from Enabled to Disabled when I disconnected them.

I did this for all the digital inputs and they all passed the test.

I am still waiting for the other isolator to wire the rest of the digital outputs.

Next, I believe we should take some noise spectra of the Y end before we do the installation.

Quote:

Tomorrow I will test the BIs using EPICs.

 

  16192   Tue Jun 8 11:40:53 2021 Anchal, PacoSummaryALSSingle Arm Actuation Calibration with IR ALS Beat

We attempted to simulate "oscillator based realtime calibration noise monitoring" in offline analysis with python. This helped us in finding about a factor of sqrt(2) that we were missing earlier in 16171. we measured C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_PHASE_OUT_HZ_DQ when X-ARM was locked to main laser and Xend green laser was locked to XARM. An excitation signal of amplitude 600 was setn at 619 hz at C1:ITMX_LSC_EXC.

Signal analysis flow:

  • The C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_PHASE_OUT_HZ_DQ is calibrated to give value of beatntoe frequency in Hz. But we are interested in the fluctuations of this value at the excitation frequency. So the beatnote signal is first high passed with 50 hz cut-off. This value can be reduced a lot more in realtime system. We only took 60s of data and had to remove first 2 seconds for removing transients so we didn't reduce this cut-off further.
  • The I and Q demodulated beatntoe signal is combined to get a complex beatnote signal amplitude at excitation frequency.
  • This signal is divided by cts amplitude of excitation and multiplied by square of excitation frequency to get calibration factor for ITMX in units of nm/cts/Hz^2.
  • The noise spectrum of absolute value of  the calibration factor is plotted in attachment 1, along with its RMS. The calibration factor was detrended linearly so the the DC value was removed before taking the spectrum.
  • So Attachment 1 is the spectrum of noise in calibration factor when measured with this method. The shaded region is 15.865% - 84.135% percentile region around the solid median curves.

We got a value of \frac{7.3 \pm 3.9}{f^2}\, \frac{nm}{cts}.  The calibration factor in use is from \frac{7.32}{f^2} nm/cts from 13984.

Next steps could be to budget this noise while we setup some way of having this calibration factor generated in realitime using oscillators on a FE model. Calibrating actuation of a single optic in a single arm is easy, so this is a good test setup for getting a noise budget of this calibration method.

Attachment 1: ITMX_Cal_Noise_Spectrum_1307143423.pdf
ITMX_Cal_Noise_Spectrum_1307143423.pdf
  16191   Mon Jun 7 17:49:19 2021 Ian MacMillanUpdateCDSSUS simPlant model

Added difference to the graph. I included the code so that others could see what it looks like and use it for easy use.

Attachment 1: SingleSusPlantTF.pdf
SingleSusPlantTF.pdf
Attachment 2: TF_Graph_Code.zip
  16190   Mon Jun 7 15:37:01 2021 Anchal, Paco, YehonathanSummaryCamerasMon 7 in Control Room Died

We found Mon7 in control room dead today afternoon. It's front power on green light is not lighting up. All other monitors are working as normal.

This monitor was used for looking at IMC camera analog feed. It is one of the most important monitors for us, so we should replace it with a different monitor.

Yehonathan and Paco disconnected the monitor and brought it down. We put it under the back table if anyone wants to fix it. Paco has ordered a BNC to VGA/HDMI converter to put in any normal monitor up there. It will happen this Wednesday. Meanwhile, I have changed the MON4 assignment from POP to Quad2 to be used for IMC.

  16189   Mon Jun 7 13:14:20 2021 YehonathanUpdateCDSBI channels on c1auxey

I added a new XT1111 Acromag module to the c1auxey chassis. I sanitized and configured it according to the slow machines wiki instructions.

Since all the spare BIOs fit one DB37 connector I didn't add another feedthrough and combined them all on one and the same DB37 connector. This was possible because all the RTNs of the BIOs are tied to the chassis ground and therefore need only one connection. I changed the wiring spreadsheet accordingly.

I did a lot of rewirings and also cut short several long wires that were protruding from the chassis. I tested all the wires from the feedthroughs to the Acromag channels and fixed some wiring mistakes.

Tomorrow I will test the BIs using EPICs.

  16188   Sun Jun 6 16:33:47 2021 JonUpdateCDSBI channels on c1auxey

There is still an open issue with the BI channels not read by EPICS. They can still be read by the Windows machine though.

I looked into the issue that Yehonathan reported with the BI channels. I found the problem was with the .cmd file which sets up the Modbus interfacing of the Acromags to EPICS (/cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1auxey1/ETMYaux.cmd).

The problem is that all the channels on the XT1111 unit are being configured in Modbus as output channels. While it is possible to break up the address space of a single unit, so that some subset of channels are configured as inputs and another as outputs, I think this is likely to lead to mass confusion if the setup ever has to be modified. A simpler solution (and the convention we adopted for previous systems) is just to use separate Acromag units for BI and BO signals.

Accordingly, I updated the wiring plan to include the following changes:

  • The five EnableMon BI channels are moved to a new Acromag XT1111 unit (BIO01), whose channels are configured in Modbus as inputs.
  • One new DB37M connector is added for the 11 spare BI channels on BIO01.
  • The five channels freed up on the existing XT1111 (BIO00) are wired to the existing connector for spare BO channels.

So, one more Acromag XT1111 needs to be added to the c1auxey chassis, with the wiring changes as noted above. I have already updated the .cmd and EPICS database files in /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1auxey1 to reflect these changes.

  16187   Sun Jun 6 15:59:51 2021 YehonathanUpdateCDSOpto-isolator for c1auxey

According to the BO interface circuit board https://dcc.ligo.org/D1001266, PCIN wires are connected to the coil driver and they are not pulled either way.

That means that they're either grounded or floating. I updated the drawing.

Quote:

This RTS also use the BO interface with an opto isolator. https://dcc.ligo.org/LIGO-D1002593

Could you also include the pull up/pull down situations?

 

Attachment 1: Optical_isolator_Wiring.pdf
Optical_isolator_Wiring.pdf
  16186   Sun Jun 6 12:15:16 2021 JonUpdateCDSOpto-isolator for c1auxey

Since this Ocean Controls optoisolator has been shown to be compatible, I've gone ahead and ordered 10 more:

  • (1) to complete c1auxey
  • (2) for the upgrade of c1auxex
  • (7) for the upgrade of c1susaux

They are expected to arrive by Wednesday.

ELOG V3.1.3-