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ID Date Author Type Category Subject
  15241   Mon Mar 2 23:49:03 2020 JonSummaryBHDProjected IFO noise budget, post-BHD upgrade

Updated noise budget curves, now computed using the latest version of pygwinc. This resolves the inconsistency between the gwinc quantum noise curves and Gautam's analytic calculations. As before, the key configuration parameters are listed in the figure titles.

Attachment 1: Phase quadrature

Attachment 2: Amplitude quadrature

Attachment 3: Comparison to aLIGO design (phase quadrature)


The quantum noise curves here are not correct. c.f. amplitude quadrature noise budget.

Attachment 1: 40m_phase_quad.pdf
Attachment 2: 40m_ampl_quad.pdf
Attachment 3: 40m_aligo_comp.pdf
  15240   Mon Mar 2 19:32:41 2020 gautamUpdateCDSc1rfm errors

Had to reboot both end machines and the c1rfm model to get the TRX and TRY signals to the LSC models. Now both arms can be locked using POX/POY respectively.

Attachment 1: RFMerrors.png
  15239   Mon Mar 2 16:35:12 2020 gautamUpdateCDSc1psl test status

Channel list with test status
== Test Status ==

[done] Lock PMC and IMC
[done] IMC Servo board test
[done] IMC LO Det Mon channel check
[0th order] WFS quadrant DC mon
[none] WFS I/F monitors
[0th order] WFS attenuators
[none] IOO QPD channels
[done] FSS readbacks 
[done] PMC readbacks

Some more detailed elogs about the individual tests will follow.

Basically, I have characterized the IMC Servo board in detail. The summary finding is that the IN2 (=AO gain) slider needs to be investigated. 

All other channels need to be verified in a more thorough fashion than my basic checks which were just to guarantee the core interferometer functionality, which is important to me.

  15238   Mon Mar 2 16:29:40 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsc1psl VME crate removed, Acro-crate installed


  • The old c1psl VME crate, and all the ribbon cables connected to it were removed from 1X1. They are presently dumped in the office area - we will clear these in the next few days, once the c1iool0 crate also gets removed from the rack.
  • The Acromag crate was capped on the top and bottom, had ears bolted on, and was installed on support rails in the newly cleared up space.
  • The strange orientation of the crate (with the intended backside facing the front of the rack) is to facilitate easy access to the "spare" channels we have in this box, e.g. for a future ISS or laser amplifier.
  • Remaining connections to make are (these will be done tomorrow along with the extrication of the c1iool0 VME crate):
    • PMC trans PD
    • PSL shutter
    • 2W Mephisto diagnostic connector
    • 24 V DC from Sorensens via DIN connector (we are waiting on a new power cable to arrive).
Attachment 1: c1psl.pdf
  15237   Mon Mar 2 16:14:47 2020 gautamUpdateCDSsome target directory cleanup

$TARGET_DIR = /cvs/cds/caltech/target

  • $TARGET_DIR/c1psl and $TARGET_DIR/c1iool0 moved to $TARGET_DIR/preAcromag_oldVME/
  • $TARGET_DIR/c1psl1 moved to $TARGET_DIR/c1psl 
  • $TARGET_DIR/c1psl/*.service and $TARGET_DIR/C1_PSL.cmd modified - i executed :%s/c1psl1/c1psl/g in vim.
  • $TARGET_DIR/preAcromag_oldVME/c1psl/autoBurt.req and $TARGET_DIR/preAcromag_oldVME/c1iool0/autoBurt.req catenated into $TARGET_DIR/c1psl/autoBurt.req. The first snapshot at 16:19 has been verified.

It remains to (Jon is taking care of these)

  • add a line to modbusIOC.service on the new c1psl machine that restores the latest burt snapshot on startup (this necessitated installation of a debian jessie libXp6 package on our debian buster machine because our shared EPICS is soooooooooooooo oooooooold)
  • change the hostname from c1psl1 to c1psl
  • update martian.hosts
  15236   Fri Feb 28 19:37:18 2020 gautamUpdatePSLNew c1psl installed
  1. The new c1psl Acromag crate is now interfaced to the Eurocrate electronics in 1X1 (formerly VME c1psl) and 1X2 (formerly c1iool0).
  2. The PMC and IMC can be locked. We will investigate stability / duty cycle over the weekend.
  3. There were a few issues with the wiring - specifically, the worng kind of Acromag BIO unit (sourcing, whereas we want sinking) was used for the FSS board switches. Once Jordan fixed this issue, the IMC could be locked.
  4. I began to do the detailed tests of the IMC Servo card channels - there may be some issues with the boost stages, but I ran out of time yesterday, so tbc Monday.

On Monday, we will remove the old c1psl and c1iool0 machines from the electronics rack and install the Acromag crate in a more permanent way. We will also clean up some of the old cabling and cross connects, althoug the situation seems so complicated (some cross connects are also used by the rtcds c1ioo expansion chassis) that I am inclined not to remove any cables.

The area around 1X1/1X2 has a lot of dangling cables and general detritus. Be careful if you are walking around there. We will clean up on monday.

  15235   Fri Feb 28 10:04:41 2020 gautamUpdatePSLc1psl setup setup


There are several problems evident already.

  1. Several EPICS database entries were missing. WTF.
  2. After fixing the missing entries, the PMC could be locked. However, the IMC could not be locked.
  3. I think the FSS Interface card is not configured correctly.

For now, I've returned the old c1psl connections, the PMC and IMC are both locked. Need to do some debugging on the bench.

  15234   Fri Feb 28 08:05:22 2020 gautamUpdatePSLc1psl setup setup

And so it begins.


Barring objections, tomorrow (Friday 28 Feb 2020) morning I will commence the switch

  15233   Thu Feb 27 22:45:40 2020 gautamUpdateALSALS noise high

There was some UNELOGGED work at EX today. The DFD outputs were also hijacked for loss measurement. Unclear who the culprit was, but there is now a broad noise bump centered around ~180 Hz in the ALS X noise curve, which certainly wasn't there yesterday. Maybe let's keep the few working systems working, it is annoying to have to deal with these auxiliary issues every night. I'll push ahead with locking, hopefully the ALS noise is "good enough".

Attachment 1: ALSnoise.pdf
  15232   Thu Feb 27 17:59:02 2020 gautamUpdateLSCSome AO thoughts

While my checks of the AO signal path have thrown up some unanswered questions, I don't think there's any evidence in those measurements to suggest the AO crossover can't be realized. Thinking about it today though - I was wondering if it could be that the IN1 gain slider of the CM board is configured optimally. Looking back at some data, when the ALS CARM offset is zeroed, the CM_SLOW digitized data has a peak-to-peak range of ~200 cts. This is paltry. One possibility is that as I am upping the AO path gain, I'm simply injecting the electronics noise of the CM board into the IMC error point. I'd say it is safe to up the IN2 gain by 20dB to -12 dB, in which case the peak-to-peak would be ~2000 cts, still only 10% of the ADC range. It'll be straightforward to re-scale the CARM_B loop gain to account for this. Let's see if this helps.

I'd also like to measure the spectrum of the REFL11_I signal in a few different states. I think I should be able to do this using the OUT2 of the CM servo board. These are the things to try tonight:

  • Try CARM RF handoff with CM_SLOW gain starting at -12dB instead of -32dB.
  • Measure spectrum of REFL11_I when it is in the linear range.
  15231   Thu Feb 27 17:50:36 2020 gautamUpdatePSLc1psl setup setup

[many people]

in prep for the install tomorrow, we did the following:

  • Install the c1psl Supermicro in the 1X2 rack (Attachment 1). To make room we removed the anti-image filter and mounted it on the OMC rack.
  • Set up a local workstation (monitor+mouse+keyboard) for the Supermicro so we can do some local testing (Attachment 2).
  • Clear up the immediate area around the 1X1/1X2 rack, setup a cart for the Acromag.
  • Make sure there are sufficient adaptor boards cables (DB37, DB15, DB9, DB25, ethernet) etc available at the cart.
  • Label cables, connect on Acromag chassis end (Attachment 3).
  • Keep some large (A3) printouts of the channel mapping handy by the cart.
  • made sure we have open fuse-able DIN rail connectors for +/-15 V DC and +/-24 V DC for the Acromag box (we are waiting on some thinner gauge cabling for the 24V supply, once that arrives, we will power the box from the Sorensens. For now, they are powered by bench supplies on the cart).
  • made sure c1psl1 (still this name for the Supermicro) is ssh-able.

Barring objections, tomorrow (Friday 28 Feb 2020) morning I will commence the switch (I still want to work on the IFO tonight).

Attachment 1: 20200227_173535.jpg
Attachment 2: 20200227_173454_HDR.jpg
Attachment 3: 20200227_172659.jpg
  15230   Thu Feb 27 15:50:37 2020 gautamUpdateElectronicsFSS box power cable removed

In 1X1, there is a box labelled "FSS REF" below a KEPCO HV supply. This box had a power cable that wasn't actually connected to any power. I removed said cable.

  15229   Wed Feb 26 23:50:51 2020 gautamUpdateIOOIMC checks

In the style of the KA characterization of the CM board, the AO path gain EPICS slider (IN2) of the IMC servo board was stepped by 1 dB through the full available range of -32 dB to +31 dB. For each value of the requested gain, I measured the TF from the injected signal (to IN2) to TP1A on the IMC servo board. I used the BNC connector for this test, whereas we use the LEMO connector for the AO path. The source was tee-d off at the SR785 side, with one leg going to IN2 of the IMC servo board, and the other going to CH1A of the SR785. TP1A of the IMC board was connected to CH2A of the SR785. 

Attachment #1 - Measured gain vs requested gain.

  • When debugging the CM board, it was this kind of test that revealed the faulty latch ICs.
  • -12 dB to -11 dB gain step looks anomalous, but overall the trend seems linear.
  • I was confused by why there should be a discontinuity at this stage of the gain stepping - seems like the scanning script I use changes the SR785 excitation amplitude at this point (from 300mV to 100mV). But why should the size of the excitation signal change the magnitude of the transfer function? Is this indicative of some loading issue?
  • There is an overall offset between the requested gain and measured gain of ~2-3 dB. This seems large.
  • There is nothing in the schematic which would have me expect this - there is a 1/2 divider at the positive input of the differential receiving stage, but this just cancels out the non-inverting gain of x2.

Attachment #2 - Frequency dependent transfer functions

  • There seem to be two families of curves - they correspond to <-12 dB and >-12 dB.
  • The feature at 90 kHz is strange - need to look at the schematic to see what this could be.

The motivation here is to try and figure out why I cannot engage the AO path smoothly in the CARM handoff part of lock acquisiton. I plan to use this information to do some loop modeling and project laser frequency noise coupling in various stages of the lock acquisition process.

Attachment 1: sliderCal.pdf
Attachment 2: AO_inputTFs.pdf
  15228   Wed Feb 26 22:09:52 2020 gautamSummaryBHDProjected IFO noise budget, post-BHD upgrade

The quantum noise curves here are not correct. c.f. amplitude quadrature noise budget.

  15227   Wed Feb 26 22:05:06 2020 gautamUpdateIOOIMC checks

Today, I did the following tests (and so was touching electronics/cables at/around 1X2):

  • Measured the IMC OLTF.
  • Measured the TF from injection at IN2 to response at the IMC error point (T-eed the I out of the IMC demodulator as there is no longer a monitor point available).
  • Measured the IMC in loop error signal with 0.25 Hz resolution from DC-2kHz.
  • Confirmed that the IMC IN2 (a.k.a. AO path) gain slider performs as advertised. This is a useful test to run post Acromag switchover on Friday.

Results to follow.

After this work, I reverted the EPICS channels to the usual values. The IMC can be locked.

  15226   Wed Feb 26 21:43:48 2020 JonSummaryBHDProjected IFO noise budget, post-BHD upgrade

To supplement the material presented during the BHD review, I've put together a projected noise budget for the 40m. Note these are the expected interferometer noises (originating in the IFO itself), not BHD readout noises. The key parameters for each case are listed in the figure title. Also attached is a tarball (attachment 4) containing the ipython notebook, data files, and rolled-back version of pygwinc which were used to generate these figures.

Attachment 1: Phase quadrature readout.

Attachment 2: Comparison to aLIGO design sensitivity (phase quadrature).

Attachment 3: Amplitude quadrature readout.

Attachment 1: 40m_phase_quad.pdf
Attachment 2: 40m_aligo_comp.pdf
Attachment 3: 40m_ampl_quad.pdf
Attachment 4: noise_budget.tar
  15225   Wed Feb 26 17:17:17 2020 YehonathanUpdate Arms DC loss measurements

{Yehonathan, Gautam}

In order to measure the loss in the arm cavities in reflection, we use the DC method described in T1700117.

It was not trivial to find free channels on the LSC rack. The least intrusive way we found was to disconnect the ALS signals DSUB9 (Attachment 1) and connect a DSUB breakout board instead (Attachment 2).

The names of the channels are ALS_BEATY_FINE_I_IN1_DQ for AS reflection and ALS_BEATY_FINE_Q_IN1_DQ for MC transmission. Actually, the script that downloads the data uses these channels exactly...

We misalign the Y arm (both ITM ad ETM) and start a 30 rep measurement of the X arm loss cavity using /scripts/lossmap_scripts/armLoss/measureArmLoss.py and download the data using dlData.py.

We analyze the data. Raw data is shown in attachment 3. There is some drift in the measurement, probably due to drift of the spot on the mirror. We take the data starting from t=400s when the data seems stable (green vertical line). Attachment 5 shows the histogram of the measurement

X Arm cavity RT loss calculated to be 69.4ppm.

We repeat the same procedure for the Y Arm cavity the day after. Raw data is shown in attachment 5, the histogram in attachment 6.

Y Arm cavity RT loss calculated to be 44.8ppm. The previous measurement of Y Arm was ~ 100ppm...

Loss map measurement is in order.

Attachment 1: 20200226_171155.jpg
Attachment 2: 20200226_171539.jpg
Attachment 3: XArmLossMeasurement_RawData.pdf
Attachment 4: XArmLossMeasurement_Hist.pdf
Attachment 5: YArmLossMeasurement_RawData.pdf
Attachment 6: YArmLossMeasurement_Hist.pdf
  15224   Tue Feb 25 19:58:06 2020 HangUpdateIOOMC2 coil balancing

[Yehonathan, Hang]

We did some quick DC balancing of the MC2 coil drivers to reduce the l2a coupling. We updated the gains in the C1:SUS-MC2_UL/UR/LR/LLCOIL to be 1, -0.99, 0.937,-0.933, respectively. The previous values were 1, -1, 1, -1.

The procedures are the following:

Lock IMC.

Drive UL+LR and change the gain of LR to zero pitch.

Drive UR+LL and change the gain of LL to zero pitch.

Lastly, drive all 4 coils and change UR & LR together to zero yaw. 

We used C1:SUS-MC2_LOCKIN1_OSC to create the excitations at 33 Hz w/ 30,000 cts. The angular error signals were derived from IMC WFSs.

While this time we did things by hand, in the future it should be automated as the procedure is sufficiently straightforward. 

  15223   Tue Feb 25 16:17:57 2020 Gautam, HangUpdateCDS 

Seems that the GPS is out of sync on donatella. We could not get any data from diaggui...

  15222   Mon Feb 24 08:36:32 2020 ChubUpdateGeneralHVAC repair

The HVAC people replaced a valve and repaired the pneumatic plumbing on the roof air handler.  Temperature has been stable during the day since Thursday.  If anyone is in the control room during the evening, please make a note of the temperature.


  15221   Sun Feb 23 18:15:22 2020 ranaUpdateALSALS OOL noise and PDH

to make the comparisons meaningfully

one needs to correct for the feedback changes


  15220   Fri Feb 21 20:44:18 2020 shrutiUpdateALSALS OOL noise and PDH

[Meenakshi, Shruti]

In order to adjust the relative phase for PDH locking, we used the Siglent SDG 1032X function generator which has two outputs whose relative phase can be adjusted.

This Siglent function generator was borrowed from Yehonathan's setup near the PSL table and can be found at the X end disconnected from our setup after our use.

Initially, we used the Siglent at 231.250 kHz and 5 Vpp from each output with zero relative phase to lock the green arm cavity. By moving the phase at intervals of 5deg and looking at the PDH error signals when the cavity was unlocked we concluded that 0deg probably looked like it had the largest linear region (~1.9 V on the yaxis. Refer elog 15218 for more information) as expected.

Then we tried the same for 225.642 kHz, 5 Vpp, and found the optimal demod phase to be -55deg, with linear region of ~3 V (Ref. Attachment 2). A 'bad' frequency 180 kHz was optimized to 10deg and linear region of ~1.5 V.

The error signals at higher frequencies appeared to be quite low (not sure why at the moment) and tuning the phase did not seem to help this much.

For the noise measurement, the IFO arms were locked to IR and green, but even after optimizing the transmission with dither, we couldn't achieve best locking (green transmission was around ~0.2). Further, the IMC went out of lock during the experiment after which Koji helped us by adjusting the gains a locking point of the PMC servo. Attachment 1 contains some noise curves for the 3 frequencies with a reference from an earlier 'good' time.

Attachment 1: ALSNoise.pdf
Attachment 2: IMG_0086.jpg
  15219   Fri Feb 21 13:02:53 2020 KojiUpdateALSPDH error signals?

Check out this elog: ELOG 4354

If this summing box is still used as is, it is probably giving the demod phase adjustment.

  15218   Fri Feb 21 10:59:08 2020 shrutiUpdateALSPDH error signals?
Here are a few PDH error signals measured without changing the servo gain or phase from that optimized for 231.25 kHz. This was done by keeping the X arm cavity and laser unlocked but keeping the shutter for green open; so I did not force a frequency sweep but saw the unhindered motion of cavity wrt the laser using the PDH servo error monitor channel from the box (not sure if this is the best way to do it?).
Koji mentioned that there is a low pass filter with a cutoff frequency probably lower than 700 kHz which at the moment would hinder the efficacy of the locking at higher frequencies. The transfer function on the wiki suggests the same, although we are yet to investigate the circuit.
I measured the maximum range in the linear region of the signal, and here are the results:
  • Attachment 1: 231.25 kHz (current PDH sideband mod freq): 1.7 V
  • Attachment 2: 225.642 kHz: 1.2 V
  • Attachment 3: 100 kHz: 900 mV
  • Attachment 4: 763.673 kHz: 220 mV
Right now we have only inverted the phase to try locking at different frequencies (no finer adjustments were performed so elog 15216 cannot be an accurate representation of the true performance)
Ideas from the 40m meeting for adjusting the phase:
  1. Delay line for adding extra phase (would require over 40m of cable for 90 deg phase shift)
  2. Using two function generators for generating the sideband, clocked to each other, so that one can be sent to the PZT and the other to the mixer for demodulation.
  3. Use a different LPF (does not seem very useful for investigating multiple possible frequencies)

Once we adjust the phase we may be able to increase the servo gain for optimal locking. Unless it may be a good idea to increase the gain without optimizing the phase?

Attachment 1: IMG_0082.jpg
Attachment 2: IMG_0083.jpg
Attachment 3: IMG_0084.jpg
Attachment 4: IMG_0085.jpg
  15217   Wed Feb 19 22:20:22 2020 ranaUpdateALSALS OOL noise with arms locked

Could you please put physical units on the Y-axis and also put labels in the legend which give a physical description of what each trace is?

It would also be good to a separate plot which has the IR locking signal and the green locking signal along with this out of loop noise, all in the same units so that w can see what the ratio is.

  15216   Tue Feb 18 18:14:59 2020 shrutiUpdateALSALS OOL noise with arms locked

We proceeded with the trying to measure the ALS out-of-loop noise of the X arm when the X arm cavity is green-locked using different PDH sideband frequencies.

Before doing the experiment, Koji helped us with getting the arm cavities locked in IR using LSC (length) and ASC (angular).

With the arms locked in IR and green, we repeated the same measurements as before at different sideband frequencies (Refer Attachment 1 - label in Hz). We did not optimize the phase nor did we look at the PDH error signal today which is possibvly why we did not see an improvement in the noise. We will look into this possibly tomorrow.

Attachment 1: ALSNoise.pdf
  15215   Sat Feb 15 12:56:24 2020 YehonathanUpdateIOOIMC Transfer function measurement

{Yehonathan, Meenakshi}

We measure the IMC transfer function using SR785.

We hook up the AOM driver to the SOURCE OUT, Input PD to CHANNEL ONE and the IMC transmission PD to CHANNEL TWO.

We use the frequency response measurement feature in the SR785. A swept sine from 100KHz to 100Hz is excited with an amplitude of 10mV.

Attachment 1 shows the data with a fit to a low pass filter frequency response.

IMC pole frequency is measured to be 3.795KHz, while the ringdowns predict a pole frequency 3.638KHz, a 4% difference.

The closeness of the results discourages me from calibrating the PDs' transfer functions.

I tend to believe the pole frequency measurement a bit more since it coincides with a linewidth measurement done awhile ago Gautam was telling me about.


I think of trying to try another zero-order ringdown but with much smaller excitation than what used before (500mV) and than move on to the first-order beam.

Also, it seems like the reflection signal in zero-order ringdown (Attachment 2,  green trace) has only one time constant similar to the full extinction ringdown. The reason is that due to the fact the IMC is critically coupled there is no DC term in the electric field even when the extinction of light is partial. The intensity of light, therefore, has only one time constant.

Fitting this curve (Attachment 3) gives a time constant of 18us, a bit too small (gives a pole of 4.3KHz). I think a smaller extinction ringdown will give a cleaner result.

Attachment 1: IMCFrequencyResponse.pdf
Attachment 2: IMCRingdownNormalizedRawdata.pdf
Attachment 3: IMCREFLPDFits.pdf
  15214   Fri Feb 14 14:52:41 2020 gautamUpdateALSALS OOL noise with arms locked

Unlikely, the alignment was probably just not good. I restored the alignment and now the arms can be locked to IR frequency.


Even though we were not able to lock the the IR beat (by enabling LSC) during the day possibly because of increased seismic activity

  15213   Fri Feb 14 14:02:13 2020 shrutiUpdateALSALS OOL noise with arms locked

[Meenakshi, Shruti]

Even though we were not able to lock the the IR beat (by enabling LSC) during the day possibly because of increased seismic activity, we tried to the measure the ALS beat frequency noise by changing the PDH side-band frequency to different values.

I tried choosing values that corresponded to the peaks in the PM/AM as found in elog:15206 but for some reason unknown to us the cavity did not lock between 700-800 kHz.

The three attachments have data for different sideband frequencies:

Attachment 1: 819.472 kHz (peak in PM/AM, measured around noon)

Attachment 2: 225.642 kHz (peak in PM/AM, measured earlier in the morning)

Attachment 3: 693.500 kHz (not a peak in PM/AM)

We don't think these plots mean much and will do the measurement at some quieter time more systematically.


While doing the experiment, the ITMY pitch actuation was changed from -2.302 to -2.3172V because it locked better.

The ITMX, ETMX alignment was also tweaked to try to lock with different sideband frequencies and then restored to the values that were found earlier in the morning.

Attachment 1: 819472_10.pdf
Attachment 2: 225642_10.pdf
Attachment 3: 693500_10.pdf
  15212   Fri Feb 14 00:53:50 2020 gautamUpdateALSFast ALS - more setup

In the process of setting up some cabling at 1Y2, I must've bumped a cable to the c1lsc expansion chassis. Anyways, the c1lsc models crashed. I ran the reboot script around 530pm PDT. Usual locking behavior was recovered after this. The work at 1Y2 was:

  • Ran a cable from X Beat power splitter ("LO" leg of the analog delay line) to variable delay line. 
  • Ran cable from delay line to demodulator's LO input.
  • Set up the SR785 for some CM board TF measurements.

The IN2 to CM board was already connected to I single ended output of the ALS X demodulator. The ~100 Hz UGF digital locking using the CM_SLOW path is straightforward but I didn't have any success with the AO path tonight. I wonder how high BW this lock can be made without injecting a ton of noise into the IMC loop, given that the EX uPDH only has ~ 10 kHz UGF.

Attachment #1 shows the spectra of the ALS signal 

  • The two "CM Slow" traces are the digitized "SLOW" output of the common mode board, whose IN2 is connected to the demodulated I output of the analog delay line.
  • The delay in the LO line of the analog delay line is adjusted to zero the DC value of this signal to best effort.
  • These spectra are measured with the arm cavities POX/POY locked, and the EX laser locked to the arm cavity using the end PDH box.
  • I simultaneously monitor the output of the digital phase tracker servo, and scale the CM Slow signal such that the spectra line up. The scaling factor required was to multiply the CM_SLOW signal x10 (CM board IN2 gain was set to +6dB, to account for the x2 gain in going from single ended to differential inside the ALS demodulator box).
  • One puzzline feature is why switching on the ADC whitening makes the ALS spectrum noisier (even though it clearly changes the digitization noise floor). There is a peak that appears at ~ 8 kHz with the whitening on, and it may also be downconverted noise from some peak at higher frequencies I guess (if the AA isn't sharp enough). 

Attachment #2 is an OLTF measurement.

  • In the blue trace, the arm length is controlled by using the CM Slow signal as an error signal, applying feedback to IMC length via MC2.
  • In the red trace, I turned the digital MC2 violin notches off, and added upped the IMC IN2 gain to -12 dB (AO gain slider = 0dB).
  • This was as high as I could go before the PC drive RMS began to go crazy.
  • But still, there isn't any significant phase advance.
  • It is possible I need to tack on a low-pass filter to prevent noise injection at higher frequencies...
Attachment 1: CMSlow_ALSnoise.pdf
Attachment 2: OLTFmeas.pdf
  15211   Thu Feb 13 21:30:55 2020 shrutiUpdateALSALS OOL noise with arms locked

[Meenakshi, Gautam, Shruti]


- We initially aligned the arm cavities to get the green lasers locked to them. For the X arm cavity, we tweaked the ITMX and ETMX pitch and yaw and toggled the X green shutter until we saw something like a TEM00 mode on the monitor and a reasonable transmitted power.

- With the LSC servo enabled, the IR light also became resonant with the cavities.

- Then we measured the noise in different configurations. Attachment 1 shows the the ALS OOL (in the IR beat signal) noise with the arms locked inidividually via PDH.

The script for plotting the ALS beat frequency noise is:

Attachment 1: 20200213_ALS.pdf
  15210   Thu Feb 13 02:07:26 2020 gautamUpdateLSCAO path transfer function measurement


I measured the transfer function of the AO path, and think that there are some features indicative of a problem somewhere in the IMC locking loop.


Regardless of the locking scheme used, high bandwidth control of the laser frequency relies on the fact that the laser frequency is slaved to the IMC cavity length with nearly zero error below ~50 kHz (assuming the IMC loop has a UGF > 100 kHz). In my single arm experiments, I didn't know what to make of the ripples that became apparent in the measured OLTF as the AO gain was ramped up.

Tonight, I measured the TF of the "AO path", which modifies the error point of the IMC, thereby changing the laser frequency. 

  • An SR785 was used to make the measurement.
  • The signal was injected at the "EXC B" input on the CM board.
  • The CM_SLOW path was disabled, AO gain = 0dB, IMC IN2 gain = 0dB.
  • Between "EXC B" and the IMC error point (which I measured at TP1A on the IMC board), we expect that there are 2 poles at ~ 6 Hz, and one pole at ~ 11 Hz.

Attachment #1 shows the result of the measurement. 

  • This measurement should be the "Closed Loop Gain" [= 1/(1+L) where L is the open loop gain] of the IMC locking loop. For comparison, I've overlaid the inferred CLG from a measurement of the IMC OLG I made in Jun 2019. The magnitude lines up quite well, but the phase does not 🤔 
  • Above 10 kHz, the measurement is as I expect it to be.
  • However, between 1 kHz and 10 kHz, I see some periodic features every 1 kHz, which I don't understand. In the IMC OLTF, these would be sharp dips in the OLTF gain.
  • I was careful not to overdrive the servo, so I believe these features are not a measurement artefact.
  • Combing through past elogs, I couldn't really find any measurements of the IMC OLTF in the 1 kHz - 10 kHz band.
  • I decided to measure the spectrum of the IMC error point (with no excitation input), to see if that offered any additional insight. Attachment #2 shows the result - again, periodic features at ~ 1 kHz intervals.

I didn't use POX / POY as a sensor to confirm that this is real frequency noise, I will do so tomorrow. But it may be that realizing a stable crossover is difficult with so many features in the AO path.

Previous thread with a somewhat detailed characterization of the IMC loop electronics.

Attachment 1: AOpathTF.pdf
Attachment 2: IMCinLoop.pdf
  15209   Thu Feb 13 01:47:39 2020 gautamUpdateALSFast ALS - delay line prep

A few years ago, Koji and I setup a delay line phase shifter, which can be used to impart a (switchable) delay to a signal path. Since we talked about reviving the fast (= high bandwidth) ALS control scheme at the meeting, I reminded myself of the infrastructure available.

  • Schematic
  • Comprehensive note on theory of operation / performance.
  • Past elog threads - #11603 and #11604.
  • Attachment #1 - my modification to the ALS screen to add a slider that controls the channel C1:LSC-BO_1_0_SET. The label is a bit misleading for now - elog11604 tells you the conversion between this slider value and the actual delay in nanoseconds, but I couldn't get a soft channel set up that correctly FLNKed to this record. In the process of trying to do so, I edited the C1_ISC-AUX_ALS.db file, and also restarted the modbus and latch processes on c1iscaux a few times.
  • Attachment #2 - frequency dependent loss for some representative delays. At ~200 MHz, I find the measured loss to be > 8dB, which is ~2dB more than what the D. Sigg note tells me to expect. This is rather a lot of loss, but I guess it's okay. Measurement cable loss was calibrated out with the AG4395A.
  • Attachment #3 - confirmation of constantness of delay as a function of frequency, for some representative delays. The "undelayed" setting corresponds to a fixed delay of ~4 nsec, which is consistent with what the D. Sigg note tells me to expect. Once again, I calibrated out the delay of the measurement setup using the AG4395A.

For a beat note in the regime 10-100 MHz, we should have plenty of range in this module to add a delay such that we zero one quadrature of the ALS DFD output (for a linear error signal). 

I then proceeded to connect the single-ended front panel BNC corresponding to the ALS_X_I DFD channel to the IN2 input of the CM board (this would be what we use for high bandwidth ALS feedback). The conventional ALS system uses the differential output from a rear-panel D-sub, so in principle, both systems could run in parallel. I confirmed that I could see a signal when the IN2 path on the CM board was engaged (monitored using ndscope at the CM_Slow output), and that this signal stabilized when the green laser was locked to the X-arm length, which itself was slaved to the PSL frequency using the usual POX locking scheme. I have not yet routed the LO leg of the ALS_X beat through the delay line phase shifter - see next elog for details.

Update about the ALS MEDM screen slider: the trick was to change the OMSL field of the C1:LSC-BO_1_0 channel to "closed_loop" instead of "supervisory". Once this is done, the DOL value of the same channel can be set to the soft channel C1:ALS-DelayCalc, which sets the 16 bit binary string that controls the delay. Because arbitrary delays are not possible, I think it's more natural for the user to interact with this 16-bit binary string rather than the actual delay itself. So the MEDM screen has been slightly modified from what is shown in Attachment #1.

Attachment 1: delaySlider.png
Attachment 2: delayLineLosses.pdf
Attachment 3: delayLineCal.pdf
  15208   Wed Feb 12 12:13:37 2020 gautamUpdateLSCAO path attempts


  1. The PRFPMI can be controlled by a mix of ALS and RF signals and circualting arm powers > 100 can be maintained for several tens of minutes at a stretch.
  2. The complete RF handoff still cannot be realized - I need to study the AO path crossover more carefully to understand what exactly is wrong and what needs to be done to rectify the problem.


Over the last couple of days, I've been trying to see if I can measure the phase advance due to the AO path - however, I've been unable to do so for any combination of CM board IN1 gain and MC Servo board IN2 gain I've tried. Yesterday, I tried to understand the loop shapes I was measuring a little more, and already, I think I can't explain some features.

Attachment #1 shows the TF measured (using SR785, and the EXC_A bank of the CM board) when the CM Slow path has been engaged.

  • All CARM control in this state is digital.
  • For the CM Slow path, the digital filter includes a pole at 700 Hz, pole at 5 kHz and zero at 120 Hz (the latter two for coupled cavity pole compensation).
  • In this conditions, the arm powers are somewhat stable at ~150, but still there are fluctuations of the order of 50%.
  • The "buzzing" as the arms rapidly go in and out of resonance is no longer present though.
  • The UGF of the hybrid REFL11+ALS loop is ~200 Hz, with ~45 deg of phase margin.
  • Turning off the MC2 violin filters gives some phase back. But I don't really understand the flattening of the TF gain between ~250-500 Hz.

Attachment #2 shows error signal spectra for the in-loop PRFPMI DoFs, for a few different conditions.

  • Engaging the REFL11 digital path smooths out the excess noise in the ~30-50 Hz band, which is consistent with the fact that the arm powers stabilize somewhat.
  • However, there is some gain peaking around ~400 Hz.
  • This is in turn imprinted on the vertex DoFs, making the whole system's stability marginal.

I believe that a stable crossover is hopeless under these conditions.

Next steps:

  1. Account for the measured OLTF, understand where the flattening in the few hundred Hz region is coming from.
  2. Repeat the high BW POY experiments, but with the simulated coupled cavity pole - maybe this will be a closer simulation to the PRFPMI transition.
Attachment 1: CARM_OLTF.pdf
Attachment 2: PRFPMI_errSigs.pdf
  15207   Tue Feb 11 19:11:35 2020 shrutiUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsMATLAB on donatella

Tried to open MATLAB on Donatella and found the error:

MATLAB is selecting SOFTWARE OPENGL rendering.


License checkout failed.
License Manager Error -9
This error may occur when: 
-The hostid of this computer does not match the hostid in the license file. 
-A Designated Computer installation is in use by another user. 
If no other user is currently running MATLAB, you may need to activate.

Troubleshoot this issue by visiting: 

Diagnostic Information:
Feature: MATLAB 
License path: /home/controls/.matlab/R2015b_licenses/license_donatella_865865_R2015b.lic:/cvs/cds/caltech/apps/lin
Licensing error: -9,57.

So I used  my caltech credentials to get an activation key for the computer. I could not find the option for a campus license so I used the individual single machine license.

Now it can be run by going to the location:


and running


On opening MATLAB, there were a whole bunch of other errors including a low-level graphics error when we tried to plot something.

  15206   Tue Feb 11 16:39:00 2020 shrutiUpdateALSAM/PM

The results of the AM/PM measurements:

  • Attachment 1: Traces of 9 AM TFs overlaid on top of each other, calibrated by measuring the voltage at the ‘GREEN_REFL’ output where the TF was measured (described in elog 40m:15197). This was almost exactly 2 V.
  • Attachment 2: Traces of 9 PM TFs also overlaid measured using DLFD (as described in elog 40m:15180). Calibrated using the measured ~600 mV pk-pk voltage. The phase plots were unwrapped (shifted by 180 deg if needed) so that each started from roughly 0 deg.

Both the AM and PM TFs were scaled to make them have the same average value. Manually adjusting the delay line offset for each measurement using the oscilloscope was probably not accurate enough and therefore resulted in different scaling which this should somewhat compensate.

Attachment 3:

  • The orange and green lines are the averages of the PM and AM values of Attachments 1 and 2 respectively.
  • The solid red line is at 230 kHz, which was the previously chosen value for PDH locking. The peak seems to have shifted to the left from previous measurements (elog 40m:12077).
  • A horizontal black dashed line is drawn to show where the ratio is 10^5.
  • The red regions correspond to frequencies where PM/AM > 10^5 [only shown for frequencies greater than 200kHz], these are roughly (in kHz):
    • 211.4-213.9
    • 221.4-230.7 (peak at 225.642)
    • 240.8-257.9
    • ~748.3
    • 753.3-799.8, two largest peaks at 763.673 and 770.237
    • 809.6-829.3, peak at 819.472
    • 839.2-842.4
    • 881.8-891.7

Updated Calibration

Attachment 2 and 3 were miscalibrated due to an error in my understanding of the delay line, but the net result of the change in factors is qualitatively almost the same and the position of the major peaks remain predominantly unchanged.

The new plot is in Attachment 5.

The new calibration factor used: 5 MHz/V at the output of the mixer to obtain the frequency modulation and then division by the mod. freq. to obtain PM.

5 MHz/V because changing the PZT voltage by 0.01 V=> change in beat frequency by 0.1 MHz, which was seen as a 20 mV change in the delay line mixer output.

Again, the calibration is not very precise and I will probably repeat this experiment at some point more precisely.

Attachment 1: AM.pdf
Attachment 2: PM.pdf
Attachment 3: Ratio_all.pdf
Attachment 4: Ratios_FM_PM.pdf
Attachment 5: Ratio_all_new.pdf
  15205   Mon Feb 10 15:55:46 2020 JordanUpdatePSLPMCTRANSPD

[Gautam, Jordan]

Gautam showed me how the PMCTRANSPD signal was reading zero, and he suspected it might have to do with the acromag wiring. Disconnected the acromag box underneath the PSL table and checked the ADC wiring. Side note: When benchtesting the c1psl acromag chassis there was excess noise in the AI channels, and grounding the minus pin of the ADC channel eliminates the noise.

So I grounded the (-) pins on the ADC1 (, which PMCTRANSPD is connected to and that seemed to fix the problem. As of right now PMCTRANSPD is reading ~.75 V.

See attached pictures

gautam: While this fix seems to have worked, I wonder why this became necessary only in the last month. Note that the problem was a noisy readback on the PMC transmission PD, which also made the FSS_RMTEMP channel noisy, leading me to suspect some kind of ground loop issue.

Attachment 1: ADC1.jpg
  15204   Mon Feb 10 15:54:47 2020 JordanUpdatePSLCompleted Acromag Wiring

All spare channels on the PSL acromag chassis are connected with ~12in of spare wiring for future use.

  15203   Mon Feb 10 15:04:42 2020 JordanUpdateGeneralHDMI Routing for new tv

Ran HDMI to the new tv mounted on the north wall of control room.

  15202   Mon Feb 10 10:07:20 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC re-locked

I found the PMC unlocked this morning. It was re-locked using the usual procedure. I feel like this has been happening more frequently in the last month than before. In the past, the cause seems to have been the PZT voltage drifting too close to one of the rails - however, in this case, it looks like an IMC unlock event is what triggered the PMC lockloss (admittedly the PZT voltage was somewhat close to the rail). It would be good if someone can re-connect the PMC Transmission photodiode, it was a useful diagnostic channel we had working fine before the ringdowns started.

I also tweaked the input pointing into the PMC and ran the WFS DC offset relief script.

Attachment 1: PMCunlock.png
  15201   Mon Feb 10 09:40:54 2020 Larry WallaceSummaryGeneralSolidWorks Computer Upgrade and Printer repair

On February 5, 2020, the Dell engineering workstation located in the 40M lab, was replaced with a newer Engineering workstation, per a request from Koji . The new workstation should perform a good deal better over the older unit. It has more cores, more memory and a better video card. Since this unit is being used by the 40M group, the Comsol s/w pkg. was also installed on the unit.

During the computer swap, Koji had a problem with a print job and it was discovered the bottom tray of the HP5550 printer was broken. The broken tray was replaced from another unit that was being disposed of.

  15200   Fri Feb 7 19:39:10 2020 KojiUpdateLSCMore high BW POY experiments

This measurement tells you how the gain balance between the SLOW_CM and AO paths should be. Basically, what you need is to adjust the overall gain before the branch of the paths.

Except for the presence of the additional pole-zero in the optical gain because of the power recycling.

You have compensated this with a filter (z=120Hz, p=5kHz) for the CM path. However, AO path still don't know about it. Does this change the behavior of the cross over?

If the servo is not unconditionally stable when the AO gain is set low, can we just turn on the AO path at the nominal gain? This causes some glitch but if the servo is stable, you have a chance to recover the CARM control before everything explodes, maybe?

  15199   Fri Feb 7 15:00:16 2020 gautamUpdateLSCMore high BW POY experiments

To study the evilution of the AO path TFs a bit more, I've hooked up POY11_Q Mon to IN1 of the CM board. I will revert the usual setup later in the evening.

Update 1730: I've returned the cabling at 1Y2 to the nominal config, and also reverted all EPICS settings that I modified for this test. Y-arm POY locking works. Attachment #1 shows the summary of the results of this test - note that the AO gain was kept fixed at +5dB throughout the test. I have arbitrarily trimmed the length of the frequency vector for some of these traces so that the noisy measurement doesn't impede visual interpretation of the plots so much. At first glance, the performance is as advertised. I basically followed the settings I had here to get started, and then ramped up various gains to check if the measured OLTF evolved in the way that I expected it to. The phase lead due to the AO path is clearly visible.

Some important differences between this test and the REFL11 blending is (i) in the latter case, there will also be a parallel loop, CARM_A, which is effecting some control, and (ii) the optical gain of CARM-->REFL11_I is much higher than L_Y-->POY. So the initial gain settings will have to be different. But I hope to get some insight into what the correct settings should be from this test. I think IMC servo IN2 gain and AO gain slider on the CM board are degenerate in the effect they have, modulo subtle effects like saturation.

One possibility is that the gain allocation I used yesterday was wrong for the dynamic range of the CARM error signal. In some initial trials today, when I set the CM board IN1 gain to -32dB (as in the case of attempting the CARM RF handoff) and compensated for the reduced POY PDH fringe amplitude by increasing the digital gain for the CM_Slow path, I found that there was no phase advance visible even when I ramped up the IMC IN2 gain to +10dB. So, for the CARM handoff too, I might have to start with a higher CM board IN_1 gain, compensate by reducing the CM_Slow digital gain even more, and then try upping the IMC IN2 gain.

P.S. When the excitation input to the CM board was enabled in order to make TF measurements, I saw significant increase in the RMS of the error signal. Probably some kind of ground loop issue.

Attachment 1: AO_TFs.pdf
  15198   Fri Feb 7 12:58:25 2020 YehonathanUpdateGeneralMetal PMC parts

I took the metal PMC box and examined its content and find the following items:

Name Quantity Picture (Attachment #)
Metal PMC body (PMC1) 1 1-3
Metal PMC body with two mounted 41 deg mirrors (PMC2) 1 4-6
"Baked PZT Caps" 3 7
PZT Caps 2 8
Flat mirror mounts 2 9
Bar clamps 4 10
Clamp studs 8 10
PZTs 4 11
ORings INF 12
Ball bearings INF 13
6.8 deg AoI curved mirrors (r=-1000mm) 6 14
41 deg AoI flat mirrors, R=99% @ 1064nm (1 Damaged) 11 15

There seem to be enough parts to build 2 PMCs + spares.

I find several problems in the metal PMCs:

PMC1 has a broken screw in one of its flat mirror mounts (Attachment 16). We need to get it out in the machine shop.

PMC2 one of the flat mirrors has a scratch on the AR coating and its ORing is failing (Attachment 17). Mirror and ORing need to be replaced.

I measure the physical dimensions of the PMC with the help of https://dcc.ligo.org/LIGO-E1400332. The roundtrip is found to be 24cm which gives an FSR of 1.25GHz.

I use Evan Hall's Python script for calculating the mode spectrum as a function of the cavity length of the metal PMC and overlay the RF sidebands (Green dashed lines) on it (Attachment 18) to check for any HOM coincidence. The width of the lines is the mode splitting due to the cavity astigmatism.

It seems like the only issue might come from a 10th order modes (green ribbon) which are hopefully small enough in reality.

Attachment 1: PMC1Side.jpg
Attachment 2: PMC1Front.jpg
Attachment 3: PMC1Back.jpg
Attachment 4: PMC2Side.jpg
Attachment 5: PMC2Back.jpg
Attachment 6: PMC2Front.jpg
Attachment 7: 20200207_123118.jpg
Attachment 8: 20200207_123055.jpg
Attachment 9: 20200207_122448.jpg
Attachment 10: 20200207_122400.jpg
Attachment 11: 20200207_122040.jpg
Attachment 12: 20200207_122227.jpg
Attachment 13: 20200207_122149.jpg
Attachment 14: 20200207_123328.jpg
Attachment 15: 20200207_123405_HDR.jpg
Attachment 16: PMC1Screw.jpg
Attachment 17: PMC2BadMirror.jpg
Attachment 18: homVersusLength.pdf
  15197   Fri Feb 7 09:45:03 2020 shrutiUpdateGeneralAM at X end

I took a few AM TF measurements at the X end for which I:

  • Misaligned the ITMX (then re-aligned it)
  • Opened the X green shutter during the measurements and closed it at the end
  • Moved the Agilent from the PSL area to the X end, the delay line and mixer still remains near the PSL area (will move it soon)
  • Took a bunch of TFs

I will post the data soon.

  15196   Fri Feb 7 02:41:28 2020 KojiUpdateGeneraloffice area temperature

Not sure what's wrong, but the workstation desk is freezing cold again and the room temp is 18degC (64degF).

  15195   Fri Feb 7 02:24:24 2020 gautamUpdateLSCSome short notes

[koji, gautam] 

Plots + interpretation tomorrow.

  • CM_Slow path can be used to stabilize the arm powers somewhat but the AO crossover remains out of reach.
  • The REFL11 (=CARM_B) path offset has to be manually determined - we found that it can change by ~20% depending on the alignment, which maybe isn't surprising given that the mode shapes seen at POP, REFL and AS look like Rorschach inkblots.
  • We saw TRX/TRY regularly hit ~150, and at times even 200 (= recycling gain of ~10). Though any conclusive statement about the PRG can only be made once the lock is stabilized.
  • I was able to take a few CARM loop TFs with an SR785 hooked up at 1Y2. Despite ramping up the AO gain, we saw no effect at high frequencies in the TF shape (the phase bubble continued to roll off at ~100 Hz and there was no visible phase lead even as the AO gain was increased). It has to be estimated what the expected crossover gain is from the experiment with the high BW POY locking (taking into account the net difference in optical gain between POY for single arm and REFL for the full IFO).
  • The fact that I was able to hold the high BW POY lock makes me think that the IMC servo board's IN2 input (and indeed the rest of the IMC locking loop) is functioning as expected. But maybe this board will benefit from a detailed checkout like Koji did for the CM board.

Getting closer... To facilitate this work, I made some convenience scripts that can be run from the CM MEDM screen.

  15194   Thu Feb 6 21:54:13 2020 JonUpdatePSLc1psl bench testing complete

Today I engineered the last piece of the new c1psl system: the multi-bit binary output (mbbo) channels that control the MC servo board gains. These 6-bit channels have to be split across two 4-bit Acromag registers. To enforce synchronous switching, I adapted the latch.py script developed by Gautam to address this problem in c1iscaux. Analogously to the c1iscaux implementation, I scripted the code to automatically run as a systemd service which is launched by the main modbusIOC service. I tested this all using the DB37 LED test board and confirmed it to work.

This now completes the electronics bench testing.

There are still several DB37 connectors to be wired, which carry only spare channels for future use and are not interfaced with the EPICS IOC. Jordan and I discussed this today and he or Chub will complete it shortly. To allow time for the spare channel wiring to be completed (as well as for more locking progress before interruption), Gautam and I think Monday/Tuesday next week would be the earliest possible window to install the new system.

  15193   Thu Feb 6 16:14:44 2020 ranaUpdateGeneraloffice area temperature

I changed the office area thermostate near Steve's desk from 68F to 73F today. Please do not change it.

If anyone from facilities comes to adjust something, please put the details in the elog on the same day so that we can know to undo that change rather than chase down other drifts in the system.

  15192   Thu Feb 6 01:25:50 2020 gautamUpdateLSCLocking updates


I managed to partially stabilize the arm citculating powers - they stay in a region in which the REFL 11 signal is hopefully approximately linear and so I can now measure some loop TFs and tweak the transition appropriately. 


The main change I made tonight was to look at the REFL11 signal as I swept the ALS CARM offset through 0. I found that the maximum arm powers coincided with a non-zero REFL11 signal value (i.e. a small CARM offset was required at the input to the CARM_B filter bank). Not so long ago, I had measured the PM/AM ratio for 11 MHz to be ~10^5 - so it's not entirely clear to me where this offset is coming from. Then, I was able to turn on the integrator (z:p = 20:0) in the CARM_B filter bank while maintaining high POP_DC. At this point, I ramped up the IN2 gain on the IMC servo board (= AO path), and was able to further stabilize the power. 

Attachment #shows this sequence from earlier in the evening. Note that in this state, both ALS and IR control of CARM is in effect. The circulating power is fluctuating wildly - partly this is probably the noisy ALS control path, but there is also the issue of the (lack of) angular control - although looking at the transmon QPDs and the POP QPD signals, they seem pretty stable.

The next step will be to try and turn off the ALS control path. Eventually, I hope to transition DARM control to AS55 as well. But at this point, I can at least begin to make sense of some of the time series signals, and get some insight into how to improve the lock.


No systematic diagnosis scheme comes to mind.

Attachment 1: semiStableArms.png
Attachment 2: armAngStability.png
ELOG V3.1.3-