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ID Date Author Type Category Subject
15162   Tue Jan 28 08:26:53 2020 ranaFrogsPEMshaking

https://breakthrough.caltech.edu/magazine/2019-aug/#article-Listening-with-Light

15161   Mon Jan 27 21:48:49 2020 gautamUpdatePSLRingdown measurements

It's fine to block the WFS while doing ringdowns but please return the config to normal so I don't have to spend time every night recovering the interferometer before doing the locking. As I mention in that post, it is possible to do this in a non-invasive way without having to run any extra cables / permanently block any beams. If there is some issue with the data quality, then we can consider a new setup. But I see no reason to re-invent the wheel.

The IMC was also massively misaligned. I had to re-align both MC1 and MC2 to recover the lock. I took this opportunity to reset the WFS offsets. Please do not disturb the alignment of the existing optical layout unless you verify that everything is working as it should be after your changes.

And for whatever reason, ITMX was misaligned. If you do something with the interferometer, no matter how minor it seems, please leave a note on the ELOG. It will save many painful debugging hours.

As I fix these, the seismic activity has gone up . I'll wait around for an hour, but not an encouraging restart to the locking 😢

 Quote: Zeroth order IMC ringdown Following Gautam's IMC ringdown setup, I took the the REFL PD form the PMC ringdown experiment and installed it in the IMC REFL path blocking WFS2 (Attachment 1).
Attachment 1: elevatedSeis.pdf
15160   Mon Jan 27 21:35:06 2020 YehonathanUpdatePSLRingdown measurements

Zeroth order IMC ringdown setup

Following Gautam's IMC ringdown setup, I took the REFL PD form the PMC ringdown experiment and installed it in the IMC REFL path blocking WFS2 (Attachment 1).

I also ran a BNC cable from the transmission PD that Gautam installed on the IMC table to the vertex where the signals are measured on the scope.

I offloaded the WFS servo output values onto the MC alignment (using the WFS servo relief script) so that its dc values would be correct when the servo is off.

Unfortunately, it seems like the script severely misaligned the MC mirrors at some point when the MC got unlocked. We should fix the script such that it stops when the offloading is complete.

We got the MC realigned but left it in a state where it is not locking easily.

Attachment 1: IMC_REFL_Beam_Path.jpg
15159   Mon Jan 27 18:16:30 2020 gautamConfigurationComputersSluggish megatron?

I've also been noticing that the IMC Autolocker scripts are running rather sluggishly on Megatron recently. Some evidence - on Feb 11 2019, the time between the mcup script starting and finishing is ~10 seconds (I don't post the raw log output here to keep the elog short). However, post upgrade, the mean time is more like ~45-50 seconds. Rana mentioned he didn't install any of the modern LIGO software tools post upgrade, so maybe we are using some ancient EPICS binaries. I suspect the cron job for the burt snapshot is also just timing out due to the high latency in channel access. Rana is doing the software install on the new rossa, and once he verifies things are working, we will try implementing the same solution on megatron. The machine is an old Sun Microsystems one, but the system diagnostics don't signal any CPU timeouts or memory overflows, so I'm thinking the problem is software related...

 Quote: The burt snapshotting is still not so reliable - for whatever reason, the number of snapshot files that actually get written looks random. For example, the 14:19 backup today got all the snaps, but 15:19 did not. There are no obvious red flags in either the cron job logs or the autoburt log files. I also don't see any clues when I run the script in a shell. It'll be good if someone can take a look at this.
15158   Mon Jan 27 14:01:01 2020 JordanConfigurationGeneralRepurposed Sorenson Power Supply

The 24 V Sorenson (2nd from bottom) in the small rack west of 1x2 was repurposed to 12V 600 mA, and was run to a terminal block on the north side of 1X1. Cables were routed underneath 1X1 and 1X2 to the terminal blocks. 12V was then routed to the PSL table and banana clip terminals were added.

15157   Sun Jan 26 14:40:55 2020 gautamUpdateALSALS OOL noise

In preparation for resuming IFO locking activities, I measured the ALS noise with the arm lengths locked to IR, AUX laser frequencies locked to the arm lengths. Looks promising (y-axis units are Hz/rtHz).

Attachment 1: ALSnoise_20200126.pdf
15156   Sun Jan 26 13:47:00 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC servo characterization

Summary:

1. I investigated the stage-by-stage transfer functions of the PMC servo up till the HV stage. See Attachment #1. There were no unexpected features.
2. I replaced the AD602 used to implement the VGA capability. After the replacement, the gain of the VGA stage had the desired performance, see Attachment #2, Attachment #3.
3. The servo board was re-installed and the OLTF of the PMC loop was measured. See Attachment #4.

​To avoid driving the PA85 without the HV rails connected, I removed R23. This was re-installed after my characterization.

Input stage:

Since we do the demodulation of the PMC PDH signal off this servo board, the I/F mixer output is connected to the "FP1test" front panel LEMO input.

• A DG190 is used to enable/disable this path.
• Initially I tried checking the enable/disable functionality by measuring the resistance across the IC's I/O pins. However, this method does not work - the resistance read off from a DMM varied from ~23 ohms in the "ON" state to ~123 ohms in the "OFF" state. While the former value is consistent with the spec, the latter is confusing.
• But I confirmed that the switch does indeed isolate the input in the "OFF" state by injecting a signal with a function generator (100 Hz sine wave, 100mVpp) and monitoring the output on an oscilloscope.

Electronic TFs:

Using some Pomona mini-grabbers, I measured the electronic TFs between various points on the circuit. There were no unexpected features, the TFs all have the expected shape as per the annotations on the DCC schematic. I did not measure down to 0.1 Hz to confirm the low frequency pole implemented by U6, and I also didn't measure the RF low pass filter at the input stage (expected corner frequency is 1 MHz).

VGA characterization:

After replacing the IC, I measured the transfer function between TP1 and TP2 for various values of the control voltage applied to pin 4A on the P1 connector, varying between +/- 5 V DC.

• Pin 9A on the P1 connector has to be grounded for the signal to be allowed to pass through the VGA.
• Note that there is an overall gain of -1/10 applied to the control voltage between pin 4A and pin #1 of the AD602, which is what actually sets the gain.
• Furthermore, the input impedance of the AD602 is spec-ed to be 100 ohms. Because of the series resistance of 500 ohms from TP1 to the input of the AD602 (so that the upstream OP27 isn't overdrawn for current), the relation between the control voltage applied to Pin 4A and gain (measured between TP1 and TP2) is modified to G [dB] = 32*(-0.1 * V_pin4A) - 6.
• The gain behavior after the IC swap is as expected, both in terms of absolute gain, and the linearity w.r.t. the control voltage.
• Note that in Attachment #2, each color corresponds to a different control voltage to the AD602, varying from -5V DC to +5V DC in 1V steps.

PZT Capacitance measurement

I confirmed that the PZT capacitance is 225 nF. The measurement was made using an LCR meter connected to the BNC cable delivering the HV to the PZT, at the 1X1 rack end.

OLTF measurement

After re-soldering R23, I put the board back into its Eurocrate, and was able to lock the PMC. For subsequent measurements, the PSL shutter was closed.

• I measured the OLTF using the usual IN1/IN2 prescription, implemented with the help of an SR560.
• At the original PMC Servo gain of +12dB, I found that the feature at ~8kHz results in an OLTF with multiple unity gain crossings.
• So I lowered it to +9dB. This yields an OLTF with ~60deg phase margin, ~2.3 kHz UGF.
• The feature that sets the gain margin is actually not any of the peaks fit by LISO, but is one of the high frequency features at ~40 kHz. At the new setting of +9dB gain, the gain margin is ~10 dB.
• The measured TF (dots in Attachment #5) was fit with LISO (solid lines in Attachment #5) to allow inferring the out-of-loop servo noise by monitoring the in-loop noise (that plot to follow).
Attachment 1: elecTFs.pdf
Attachment 2: VGAchar_postFix.pdf
Attachment 3: VGAlinearity_postFix.pdf
Attachment 4: newOLTFs.pdf
15155   Sun Jan 26 13:30:19 2020 gautamUpdateSUSAll watchdogs tripped, now restored

Looks like a M=4.6 earthquate in Barstow,CA tripped all the suspensions. ITMX got stuck. I restored the local damping on all the suspensions just now, and freed ITMX. Looks like all the suspensions damp okay, so I think we didn't suffer any lasting damage. IMC was re-aligned and is now locked.

Attachment 1: EQ_Jan25.pdf
15154   Sat Jan 25 11:54:42 2020 YehonathanUpdatePSLRingdown measurements

Zero order beam PMC ringdown

On Wednesday I installed 3 PDs (see attached photos) measuring:

1. The input light to the PMC. Flip-mirror was installed (sorry Shruti) on the beam path to the fiber coupler.

2. Reflected light from the PMC.

3. PMC transmitted light.

I connected the three PDs to the oscilloscope and the AOM driver to a function generator. I drive the AOM with a square wave going from 1V to 0V.

I slowly increased the square wave frequency. The PMC servo doesn't seem to care. I reach 100KHz - it seems excessive but still works. In any case, I get the same results doing a single shut-down from a DC level.

I download the traces. I normalize the traces but I don't rescale them (Attachment 4) so that the small extinction can be investigated.

I notice now that the PDs show the same extinction. It probably means I should have taken dark currents data for the PDs.

Also, I forgot to take the reflected data when the PMC is out of resonance with the laser which could have helped us determine the PMC transmission.

Again, the shutdown is not as sharp as I want. There is a noticeable smoothening in the transition around t = 0 which makes the fit to an exponential difficult. I suspect that the function generator is the limiting device now. I hooked up the function generator to the oscilloscope which showed similar distortion (didn't save the trace)

I try to fit the transmission PD trace to a double exponential and to Zucker model (Attachment 5).

The two exponentials model, being much less restrictive, gives a better fit but the best fit gives two identical time constants of 92ns.

The Zucker model gives a time constant of 88ns. Both of these results are consistent with more or less with the linewidth measurement but this measurement is still ridden with systematics which hopefully will become minimized IMC ringdowns.

Attachment 1: Input_beam_path.jpg
Attachment 2: Reflected_Beam_Path.jpg
Attachment 3: Transmitted_Beam_Path.jpg
Attachment 4: PMCRingdownNormalizedRawdata.pdf
Attachment 5: TransPDFits.pdf
15153   Fri Jan 24 17:14:01 2020 gautamUpdateALSGain blocks installed

Jordan will write up the detailed elog but in summary,

1. Former +24V Sorensen in the AUX OMC power rack (south of 1X2) has been reconfigured to +12V DC.
2. The voltage was routed to a bank of fusable terminal blocks on the NW corner of 1X1.
3. An unused cable running to the PSL table was hijacked for this purpose.
4. The ZHL-1010+ were installed on the upper shelf of the PSL table, the two gain blocks draw a total of ~600mA of current when powered.
 Quote: I will install these at the next opportunity, so that we can get rid of the many attenuators in this path (the main difficulty will be sourcing the required +12V DC for operation, we only have +15V available near the PSL table).
15152   Fri Jan 24 15:42:08 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC servo restored

The PMC servo was re-installed at ~345pm. HV supplies were re-energized to their nominal values. I will update the results of the investigation shortly. The new nominal PMC servo gain is +9dB.

Quote:

While I have the board out, I'll try and do a thorough investigation of TFs and noise of the various stages. There is no light into the IFO until this is done.

 I pulled the board out at 345pm after dialling down all the HV supplies in 1X1. I will reinstall it after running some tests.
15151   Fri Jan 24 13:56:21 2020 JonUpdateBHDBHD optics specifications

I've started a spreadsheet for the BHD optics specifications and populated it with my best initial guesses. There are a few open questions we still need to resolve, mostly related to mode-matching:

• PR2 replacement: What transmission do we need for a ~100 mW pickoff? Also, do we want to keep the current curvature of -700 m?
• LO mode-matching telescope: What are the curvatures of the two mirrors?
• Lenses: We have six of them in the current layout. What FLs do we need?

The spreadsheet is editable by anyone. If you can contribute any information, please do!

15150   Thu Jan 23 23:07:04 2020 JonConfigurationPSLc1psl breakout board wiring

To facilitate wiring the c1psl chassis and scripting loopback tests, I've compiled a distilled spreadsheet with the Acromag-to-breakout board wiring, broken down by connector. This information is extractable from the master spreadsheet, but not easily. There were also a few apparent typos which are fixed here.

The wiring assignments at the time of writing are attached below. Here is the link to the latest spreadsheet.

Attachment 1: c1psl_feedthrough_wiring.pdf
15149   Thu Jan 23 22:10:01 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC servo pulled out

While I have the board out, I'll try and do a thorough investigation of TFs and noise of the various stages. There is no light into the IFO until this is done.

 I pulled the board out at 345pm after dialling down all the HV supplies in 1X1. I will reinstall it after running some tests.
15148   Thu Jan 23 20:08:49 2020 shrutiUpdateGeneralPLL / PM measurement of Xend NPRO PZT

### Setup Update:

- No more SR 560, upgraded to LB1005 P-I controller.  Because: Elog 14687. Schematic of new setup shown in Attachment 1.

- For this, the Marconi was moved to the other (east) side of the PSL table and a power supply was also placed in the enclosure.

I think that the RF power at the mixer in this new configuration is 0 dBm (since the spectrum analyzer read ~ -20 dBm)

### Progress Today:

- Turned up the HEPA to 100%, closed the PSL shutter, misaligned the ITMX, connected the LB1005 to the PZT. [The PZT has been reconnected to the X arm PDH servo, HEPA back to 20-30%]

- Tried to look for the PSL+X beat, but it was not there. Gautam identified the flipmount in the path which sorted it out (eventually), but there was no elog about it.

- After much trial, the loop seemed to lock with PI corner 1 kHz, gain ~2.9 (as read on knob), LFGL set to 90 dB. The beat note looked quite stable on the oscilloscope, but the error signal had an rms of ~100 mV (Rana pointed out that it could be the laser noise) and the lock lasted for ~1 min each time.

The parameters were similar to that in elog 14687. Why do we require such a high PI corner frequency and LFGL?

Attachment 1: Image-1.jpg
15147   Thu Jan 23 18:52:31 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC RFPD characterization

Summary:

The RF transimpedance of the PMC PDH RFPD was measured, and found to be 1.03 kV/A

Details:

With the new fiber coupled PDFR system, it was very easy to measure the response of this PD in-situ 🎉 . The usual transfer function measurement scheme was used, with the AG4395 RF out modulating the pump current of the diode laser, and the measured transfer function being the ratio of the response of the test PD to the reference PD.

I assume that the amount of light incident on the reference NF1611 photodiode and the test photodiode were equal - I don't know what the DC transimpedance of the PMC REFL photodiode is (can't find a schematic), but the DC voltage at the DC monitor point was 16.4 mV (c.f. -2.04 V for the NF1611). The assumption shouldn't be too crazy because assuming the reference PD has an RF transimpedance of 700 V/A (flat in the frequency range scanned), we get a reasonable shape for the PMC REFL photodiode's transimpedance.

The fitted parameters are overlaid in Attachment #1. The 2f notch is slightly mistuned it would appear, the ratio of transimpedance at f1/2*f1 is only ~10. The source files have been uploaded to the wiki.

Knowing this, the measured PDH discriminant of 0.064 GV/m is quite reasonable:

• expected optical gain from modulation depth assuming a critically coupled cavity is 0.089 GW/m.
• Assume 0.7 A/W responsivity for InGaAs.
• Account for the fact that only 0.8 % of the reflected light reaches the PMC photodiode because of the pickoff window.
• Account for a conversion loss of 4.5 dB in the mixer.
• Account for the voltage division by a factor of 2 at the output of the BLP-1.9 filter due to the parallel 50 ohm termination.
• Then, the expected PDH discriminant is 0.089e9 W/m * 0.7 A/W * 0.8e-2 * 1.03kV/A * 10^(-4.5/20) * 0.5 ~ 0.15 GV/m. This is now within a factor of ~2 of the measured value, and I assume the total errors in all the above assumed parameters (plus the cable transmission loss from the photodiode to the 1X1 rack) can easily add up to this.

So why is this value so different from what Koji measured in 2015? Because the monitor point is different. I am monitoring the discriminant immediately after the mixer, whereas Koji was using the front panel monitor. The latter already amplifies the signal by a factor of x101 (see U2 in schematic).

Conclusion:

I still haven't found anything that is obviously wrong in this system (apart from the slight nonlinearity in the VGA stage gain steps), which would explain why the PMC servo gain has to be lower now than 2018 in order to realize the same loop UGF.

 So the next step is to characterize the RF transimpedance of the PMC RFPD.
Attachment 1: PDresp.pdf
15146   Thu Jan 23 16:37:14 2020 ranaUpdatePSLPMC VGA chip damaged?

doesn't seem so anomolous to me; we're getting ~25 dB of gain range and the ideal range would be 40 dB. My guess is that even thought this is not perfect, the real problem is elsewhere.

15145   Thu Jan 23 15:32:42 2020 gautamConfigurationComputersMegatron: starts up grade

The burt snapshotting is still not so reliable - for whatever reason, the number of snapshot files that actually get written looks random. For example, the 14:19 backup today got all the snaps, but 15:19 did not. There are no obvious red flags in either the cron job logs or the autoburt log files. I also don't see any clues when I run the script in a shell. It'll be good if someone can take a look at this.

15144   Thu Jan 23 14:37:05 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC VGA chip damaged?

[jordan, gautam]

Summary:

The AD602 chip which implements the overall servo gain for the PMC seems to be damaged. We should switch this out at the next opportunity.

Details:

1. According to the PSL cross connect wiring diagram, the VME DAC that provides the control voltage to the VGA stage goes to pins 7/8 of cross connect J16.
• Jordan and I verified that the voltage at this point [Vout], is related to the PMC_GAIN EPICS slider [dB] value according to the following relationship: $V_{\mathrm{out}} = (10-\mathrm{dB})/2$.
2. On the PMC servo board, this voltage is scaled by a factor of -1/10.
• This was confirmed by peeking at this voltage using a DMM (I clipped onto R31) while the gain slider was varied.
• This corresponds to +/- 1000 mV reaching the AD602.
• However, the AD602 is rated to work with a control voltage varying between +/- 625 mV.
• What this means is that the EPICS slider value is not the gain of the AD602 stage. The latter is given by the relation $G [\mathrm{dB}] = 32 \times V_{\mathrm{G}} + 10$.
• @team PSL upgrade: this should be fixed in the database file for the new c1psl machine.
3. Using TP1 and TP2 connected to the SR785, I measured the transfer function of the AD602 for various values of the EPICS slider.
• Result is shown in Attachment #1.
• I did this measurement with the PMC locked, so I'm using the in-loop error signal to infer the gain of the VGA stage.
• As expected, the absolute value of the gain does not match that of the EPICS slider (note that the AD602 has an input impedance of 100 ohms. So the 499 ohm series resistor between TP1 and the input of AD602 makes a 1/5 voltage divider, so the gain seen between TP1 and TP2 has this factor folded in).
• Moreover, the relative scaling of the gain for various slider values also doesn't appear to be liner.
• For the highest gain setting of +15 dB, the servo began oscillating, so I think the apparent non-flatness of the gain as a function of frequency is an artefact of the measurement.
• Nevertheless, my conclusion is that the IC should be changed.

I will pull the board and effect the change later today.

I pulled the board out at 345pm after dialling down all the HV supplies in 1X1. I will reinstall it after running some tests.

Attachment 1: VGAchar.pdf
15143   Wed Jan 22 20:12:36 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC demodulator electrical characterization

Summary:

The mixer + LPF combo used to demodulate the PMC PDH error signal seems to work as advertised.

Details:

Measurement setup --- Attachment #1. The IF signal was monitored using the scope in High-Z mode.

Results --- Attachment #2.

So the next step is to characterize the RF transimpedance of the PMC RFPD.

Attachment 1: demodChar.pdf
Attachment 2: mixerChar.pdf
15142   Wed Jan 22 19:17:20 2020 gautamConfigurationComputersMegatron: starts up grade

cronjob testing wasn't one by one 😢

burt snapshots were gone

i brought them back home 🏠

 Quote: Megatron is now running Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
15141   Wed Jan 22 16:38:01 2020 ranaUpdateComputersrossa revival

wiped and install Debian 10 on rossa today

still to be done: config it as CDS workstation

please don't try to "fix" it in the meantime

15140   Wed Jan 22 16:19:47 2020 JonUpdateVACTP3 controller errors

Gautam and I debugged a communications problem with TP3 that was causing its python service to fail. We traced the problem back to the querying of the pump controller for its operational parameters (speed, voltage, temp). Some small percentage of the time (~5%, indeterministically), the pump controller is returning an invalid response which causes the service to shut itself down and signal a NO COMM error.

As a temporary fix, I wrapped the failing query in an exception handler to continue past this particular error. However, we suspect the microprocessor in the TP3 controller may be beginning to fail. There is a spare controller sitting right next to it in the vacuum rack. We will ask Chub to install the replacement in the near future.

gautam: this pump is responsible for pumping the annular volume under normal operations. while this problem is being resolved, the annular volume is valved off (as it has been since July 2019 anyway which is when this problem first manifested).

15139   Wed Jan 22 11:22:39 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC modulation depth measurement

Summary:

I estimate the PMC servo modulation depth to be approximately 50 mrad. This is only 15% lower than what was measured in Jan 2018, and cannot explain the ~x50 reduction of optical gain measured earlier in this thread. Later in the day, I also confirmed that the LO input to the ZAD-6 mixer is +7 dBm. So the crystal is not to blame.

Details:

1. PSL frequency is locked to the IMC length.
2. Arm lengths are locked to the PSL frequency using POX/POY.
3. EX green laser locked to the X arm length using end PDH servo. GTRX was ~0.4 in this measurement, which is the nominal value.
4. The 20dB coupled port of the beat between the EX and PSL lasers was monitored using the AG4395A in "Spectrum" units.
5. The beat was set at ~90 MHz, and a spectrum was taken for ~100 MHz span centered at the beat frequency.
6. The modulation depth is estimated by considering the ratio of power at the beat frequency relative to that 35.5 MHz away. See Attachment #1.

Assuming a finesse of 700 for the PMC, we expect an optical gain of 2*Pin*J0(50e-3)*J1(50e-3)/fp  ~ 1.2e-7 W/Hz (=0.089 GW/m). I can't find a measurement of the PMC RFPD transimpedance to map this onto a V/Hz value.

Attachment 1: modDepth.pdf
15138   Wed Jan 22 11:00:21 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC REFL ghost beam

I looked into this a little more today.

1. The steering optic used to route PMC REFL to the RFPD is in fact a window (labelled W1-PW-1025-UV-1064-45P), not a High-T beamsplitter.
2. With the PMC unlocked, I measured ~10.70 mW in the stronger of the two beams, 5.39 mW in the weaker one.
• The window spec is Tp > 97%. Since we have ~1.3 W incident on the PMC, the primary reflection corresponds to T=99.2%, which is consistent with the spec.
• There is no spec given for the coating on the back side of this window. But from the measured values, it seems to be R = 100* 5.39e-3 / (1.3*T^2) ~ 0.4%. Seems reasonable.

Currently, the iris is set up such that the stronger beam makes it to the PMC RFPD, while the weaker one is blocked by the iris. As usual, this isn't a new issue - was noted last in 2014, but who knows whether the new window was intalled...

 Quote: Today I noticed that the beam reflected from the PMC into the RFPD has a ghost (attachment) due to reflection from the back of the high transmission beam splitter that stirs the beam into the RFPD.
15135   Mon Jan 20 20:20:36 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC servo checkout

Summary:

The PDH discriminant of the PMC servo was measured to be ~0.064 GV/m. This is ~50 times lower than what is reported here. Perhaps this is a signature of the infamous ERA decay, needs more investigation.

Details:

• Calibration of the error and control points were done using 1 Hz triangle wave injection to the "EXT DC" input of the PMC servo. Two such sweeps are shown in Attachment #1 (measured data as points, fits as solid lines). For the control signal monitor, I've multiplied the signal obtained on the scope by 49.6, which is the voltage divider implemented for this monitor point.
• The PDH discrimiannt was calibrated into physical units knowing the modulation frequency of the PMC, which is 35.5 MHz. The error in this technique due to the free-running NPRO frequency noise is expected to be small since the entire fringe is crossed in <30 ms, in which time the laser frequency is expected to change by < 5 kHz.
• The drive to the PZT was calibrated into physical units using the same technique. This number is within a factor of 2 of the number reported here
• Attachment #2 shows the loop OLTF measured using the usual IN1/IN2 prescription (with an SR560). In fact, the 8kHz feature makes the loop unstable. For convenience, I've overlaid the OLTF from March 2017, when things were running smoothly. It is not clear to me why even though the optical gain is now lower, a smaller servo gain results in a larger UGF.

The light level hasn't changed by a factor of 50, leading me to suspect the modulation depth. Recall that the demodulation of the PMC is now done off the servo board using a minicircuits mixer (hence, the "C1:PSL-PMC_LODET" channel isn't a reliable readback of the LO signal strength over time). Although there is a C1:PSL-PMC_MODET channel which looks like it comes from the crystal reference card, and so should still work - this, however, shows no degradation over 1 year.

Somebody had removed the BLP-1.9 that I installed at the I/F output of the mixer to remove the sum frequency component in the demodulated signal, I reinstalled this. I find that there are oscillations in the error signal if the PMC servo gain is increased above 14.5 on the MEDM slider.

Attachment 1: PMCsweep.pdf
Attachment 2: OLTFmeas.pdf
15134   Mon Jan 20 15:11:20 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMCT photodiode grounding issue

For a few days, I've noticed that the PSL overview StripTool panel shows PMC transmission and FSS RMTEMP channels with variation that is too large to be believable. Looking at these signals on an oscilloscope, there was no such fuzziness in the waveform. I ruled out flaky connections, and while these are the only two channels currently being acquired by the temporary Acromag setup underneath the PSL enclosure, the Acromags themselves are not to blame, because once I connected a function generator to the Acromag instead of the PMC transmission photodiode, both channels are well behaved. So the problem seems to be with the PMC transmission photodiode, perhaps a grouding issue? Someone please fix this.

Attachment 1: PMCT_anomaly.pdf
15133   Mon Jan 20 12:16:50 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC input reverted to AOM zeroth order beam

Summary:

1. The input beam to the PMC cavity was changed back to the zeroth order beam from the AOM.
2. The PMC was locked and nominal transmission levels were recovered.
3. The AOM driver voltage was set to 0V DC.
4. A razor beam dump was placed to catch the first (and higher order) beams from the AOM (see Attachment #1), but allow the zeroth order beam to reach the PMC cavity.
5. Some dangling cabling was cleared from the PSL enclosure.

Details

• HEPA turned to 100% while work was going on in the PSL enclosure.
• Input power to the PMC cut from ~1.3 W to ~20 mW using the first available HWP downstream of the laser head, before any realignment work was done.
• Next, the beam dump blocking the undeflected zeroth order beam was removed.
• Triangle wave was applied to the PZT servo board "EXT DC" input to sweep the cavity length to make the alignment easier.
• After some patient alignment, I could see a weak transmitted beam locked to some high order mode, at which point I increased the input power to 200mW, and did the fine alignment by looking at the mode shape of the transmitted beam.
• Once I could lock to a TEM00 mode, I bumped the power back up to the nominal 1.3W, I fine tuned the alignment further by minimizing PMC REFL's DC level.
• Dialled the power back down (using HWP) for installation of the beam block to catch the AOM's first (and higher order) beams.
• Checked that the reflected beam from the PMC cavity is well centered on the PMC REFL PDH photodiode. The ghost from the AR coating of the high-T beamsplitter is blocked by the iris installed by yehonathan on Friday.
• The beam was a little low on the PMC REFL CCD camera - I raised the camera by ~1cm.
• With the beam axis well matched to the PMC, I measured 1.33 mW going into the cavity, and 1.1 W transmitted, so $T_{\mathrm{PMC}} \approx 83 \, \%$. Whatever loss numbers we extract should be consistent with this fact.
• HEPA turned back down to 30% shortly after noon.

Note that for all the alignment work, only the two steering mirrors immediately upstream of the PMC cavity were touched.

Attachment 1: IMG_8362.JPG
15132   Fri Jan 17 22:11:19 2020 YehonathanUpdatePSLRingdown measurements

I prepare for the ringdown measurement of the PMC according to Gautam's previous experiments.

1. I assembled the needed PDs and power supplies, lenses, beamsplitters and optomechanics needed for the measurement.

2. I surveyed the laser power with an Ophir power meter in the different parts of the experiment. All the measurements were done with the AOM driver excited with 1V DC.

For the PMC reflection, we chose to split off the beam that goes into the reflection camera. The power in that beam is ~ 0.11mW when the PMC is locked and 2.1mW otherwise.

For the PMC transmission, we chose to split the beam that is transmitted through the second steering mirror after the PMC. The power in that beam is 2mW.

For the peak off before the PMC, we chose to split the beam that goes into the fiber coupler. That path contains also the other AOM diffraction orders: 2.26mW in the 0th order beam, 6.5mW in the 1st order beam, 0.14mW in the 2nd order beam.

3. I placed a 10% beam splitter in the peak-off path such that 90% still goes into the fiber coupler (Attachment 1). I place a lens and PDA255 to measure the peak-off (Attachment 2).

It's getting late, I'll continue with the PD placements on Tuesday.

Attachment 1: 20200117_192455.jpg
Attachment 2: 20200117_192448.jpg
15131   Fri Jan 17 21:56:22 2020 YehonathanUpdatePSLAOM first order beam alignment

Today I noticed that the beam reflected from the PMC into the RFPD has a ghost (attachment) due to reflection from the back of the high transmission beam splitter that stirs the beam into the RFPD.

The two beams are focused into the RFPD.

In the past, the ghost beam was probably blocked by the BS mirror mount.

I put an iris to block the ghost beam.

Attachment 1: 20200117_174841.jpg
15130   Fri Jan 17 18:02:21 2020 gautamUpdateALSGain blocks packaged and characterized

Summary:

1. The ZHL-1010+ gain blocks acquired from MiniCircuits arrived sometime ago.
2. I packaged them in a box prepared  (Attachment #1).
3. Their performance was characterized by me (Attachment #2 and #3).

The measurements are consistent with the specifications, and there is no evidence of compression at any of the power levels we expect to supply to this box (<0dBm).

Details:

These "gain blocks" were acquired for the purpose of amplifying the IR ALS beat signals before transmission to the LSC rack for demodulation. The existing ZHL-3A amplifiers have a little too much gain, since our revamp to use IR light to generate the ALS beat.

Attachment #4: Setups used to measure transfer functions and noise.

For the transfer function measurement, I chose to send the output of the amplifier to a coupler, and measured the coupled port (output port of the coupler was terminated with 50 ohms). This was to avoid saturating the input of the AG4395. The "THRU" calibration feature of the AG4395 was used to remove the effect of cabling, coupler etc, so that the measurement is a true reflection of the transfer function of OUT/IN of this box. Yet, there are some periodic ripples present in the measured gain, though the size of these ripples is smaller than the spec-ed gain flatness of <0.6dB.

For the noise measurement, the plots I've presented in Attachment #3 are scaled by a factor of sqrt(2) since the noise of the ZFL-500-HLN+ and the ZHL-1010+ are nearly identical according to the specification. Note that the output noise measured was divided by the (measured) gain of the ZFL-500-HLN+ and the ZFL-1010+ to get the input referred noise. The trace labelled "Measurement noise floor" was measured with the input to the ZFL-500-HLN+ terminated with 50ohms, while for the other two traces, the inputs of the ZHL-1010+ were terminated with 50ohms.

Raw data in Attachment #5.

I will install these at the next opportunity, so that we can get rid of the many attenuators in this path (the main difficulty will be sourcing the required +12V DC for operation, we only have +15V available near the PSL table).

Attachment 1: photos.pdf
Attachment 2: gain.pdf
Attachment 3: noise.pdf
Attachment 4: measSchem.pdf
Attachment 5: zhl1010Data.zip
15129   Thu Jan 16 19:32:23 2020 shrutiUpdateGeneralPLL / PM measurement of Xend NPRO PZT

With Gautam's help today the PLL managed to be be locked for a few brief moments. Turns out the signal power of the beat was an issue.

What was changed prior to/ during the experiment:

1. The PSL shutter was closed so not light goes into the input mode cleaner.

2. HEPA turned up (will be turned back down to ~30%)

3. AOM driver offset voltage decreased from 1V to ~100 mV (this will be reverted to 1V by the end of today). This increases the beat signal by deflecting the zeroth order beam to create the beat.

4. Output of servo SR 560 sent to the PZT of the X NPRO laser (the cable was disconnected from the pomona box at the X end)

5. The SR560, mixer, LPF and cables required for connections were moved into the PSL enclosure.

6. The error and control signals were hooked up to the oscilloscope where the beat outputs were visible (the setup has been reverted back to the original).

Elog 14687 has a detailed description of the conditions that provide a stable lock. I was told that the PI controller (LB1005) may be a better servo than the SR560, but today it was not used.

1) Parameters during the more successful attempts:

LPF: 5 MHz, Mixer: ZP-3+

Gain set at SR560: varied, but generally 200

Filter at SR560: 1 Hz low pass (single pole? at least by the label)

2) The LO had to be very close (<2 MHz) to the beat frequency in order to achieve a lock for ~30s

gautam edits:

• the error signal for the PLL was being sourced from the 20dB coupled port on the BeatMouth.
• additionally, most of the power in the PSL beam coupled into the fiber was being deflected into the first order beam by team ringdown.
• The Vpp of the mixer output (when using the coupled beat and low PSL beam power) was a paltry 5-10 mVpp .
• I suggested using the direct NF1611 output for this measurement instead of the coupled output (alternatively, use an amp). it's probably also better to use the LB1005 for locking the PLL, long term, this can be set up to be controlled remotely, and a slow PID servo can be used to extend the duration of the lock by servoing either the marconi carrier freq or the EX temp ctrl.
Quote:

## 1. Some calculations

For a Unity Gain Frequency (UGF) of 1 kHz, assumed PZT response $K_{VCO}$ of 1 MHz/V, Mixer response $K_{M}$ of 25 mV/$\pi$ rad, the required gain of the amplifier is

$G = 2 \pi \times \text{UGF}/ (K_{VCO} K_M)$

G ~ 0.8

## 2. Progress

- Measured the mixer response

### Measuring mixer response:

- PSL laser temperature was adjusted so that beat frequency was roughly 25 MHz and the amplitude was found to be roughly -30dBm.

- At the RF port instead of the beat signal, a signal of 25 MHz + few kHz at -30 dBm was inputted. The LO was a 25 MHz signal was sent from the Marconi at 7 dBm.

- The mixer output was measured, with setup as in Attachment 1  Figure (A), on an oscilloscope. The slope near the small angle region of the sine curve would be the gain (in V/rad) and was found to be: $K_M \approx 25 \text{ mV}/ \pi$ rad

- Since from the above calculations it seemed like an amplifer gain of 1 should work for the PLL, I rearranged the set up as in Figure (B) of Attachment 1 to actuate the X end NPRO PZT, I adjusted the PSL temperature (slow control) to try and match the frequency to 25 MHz, but couldn't lock the loop. I was monitoring the error signal after amplification (50 ohm output of the SR 560) which showed oscillations when the beat frequency was near 25 MHz and nothing significant otherwise.

- I used a 20 dB attenuator at the amplifier output and saw the beat note oscillate for longer, but maybe because it was a 50 ohm component in a high impedance channel it did not work either (?). I tried other attenuator combinations with no better luck.

- Is there a better location to add the attenuator? Should I pursue amplifying the beat signal instead?

- Also, it seemed like the beat note drift was higher than earlier. Could it be because the PMC was unlocke

15128   Wed Jan 15 16:54:51 2020 gautamUpdateGeneralPDA10CF removed from AS table

Per Yehonathan's request, I removed one PDA10CF from a pickoff of REFL on the AS table (it was being used for the mode spectroscopy project). I placed a razor beam dump where the PD used to be, so that when the PRM is aligned, this pickoff is dumped. This is so that team ringdowns can use a fast PD.

15127   Wed Jan 15 16:08:40 2020 not gautamUpdatePSLAssembly underway for c1psl upgrade

You're right. We had the right idea before but we got confused about this issue. I changed all the XT1121s to XT1111 and vice versa. We already know which channels are sourcing and which not. Updated the wiring spreadsheet. The chassis seems to work. It's time to pass it over to Chub.

Quote:

I don't think this is an accurate statement. XT1111 modules have sinking digital outputs, while XT1121 modules have sourcing digital outputs. Depending on the requirement, the appropriate units should be used. I believe the XT1111 is the appropriate choice for most of our circuits.

 For digital outputs, one should XT1121. XT1111 should be used for digital inputs.
15126   Wed Jan 15 15:04:31 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC Linewidth measurement

For the ringdowns, I suggest you replicate the setup I had - infrastructurally, this was quite robust, and the main problem I had was that I couldn't extinguish the beam completely. Now that we have the 1st order beam, it should be easy.

15125   Wed Jan 15 14:10:28 2020 JonConfigurationPSLNew EPICS database for C1PSL + C1IOO

### Summary

I have completed the new EPICS channel database for the c1psl and c1ioo channels (now combined into the new c1psl Acromag machine). I've tested a small subset of channels on the electronics bench to confirm that the addressing and analog channel calibrations are correct in a general sense. At this point, we are handing the chassis off to Chub to complete the wiring of the Acromag terminals to Dsub feedthroughs. At the 40m meeting today, we identified Feb. 17-22 as a potential window for installation in the interferometer (Gautam is out of town then). Below are some implementaton details for future reference.

### Analog channel calibration for Acromag

For analog input (ai) channels, the Acromag outputs raw values ranging from +/-30,000 counts, but the EPICS IOC interprets the data type as ranging from +/-2^15 = 32,768. Similarly, for analog output (ao) channels, the Acromag expects a drive signal in the range +/-30,000 counts. To achieve proper scaling, Johannes had previously changed the EGUF and EGUL fields from +/-10 V to +/-10.923 V. However, changing the engineering fields makes it much harder for a human to read off the real physical I/O range of the channel.

A better way to achieve the correct scaling is to simply set the field  ASLO=1.09225 (65,536 / 60,001) in addition to the normal EGUF and EGUL field values (+/-10 V). Setting this field forces a rescaling of the number of raw counts that works as so (assuming a 16-bit bipolar ADC or DAC, as are the Acromags):

OVAL = (RVAL * ASLO + AOFF + 2^15) * (EGUF - EGUL) / 2^16 + EGUL

In the above mapping, OVAL is the value of the channel in engineering units (e.g., V) and RVAL is its raw value in counts. It is not the case that either the ASLO/AOFF or EGUF/EGUL fields are used, but not both. The ASLO/AOFF parameters are always applied (but their default values are ASLO=1 and AOFF=0, so have no effect unless changed). The EGUF and EGUL parameters are then additionally applied if the field LINR="LINEAR" is set.

This conversion allows the engineering fields to remain unchanged from the real physical range. The ASLO value is the same for both analog input and output channels. I have implemented this on all the new c1psl and c1ioo channels and confirmed it to work using a calibrated input voltage source.

15124   Wed Jan 15 10:12:46 2020 gautamUpdatePSLAssembly underway for c1psl upgrade

I don't think this is an accurate statement. XT1111 modules have sinking digital outputs, while XT1121 modules have sourcing digital outputs. Depending on the requirement, the appropriate units should be used. I believe the XT1111 is the appropriate choice for most of our circuits.

 For digital outputs, one should XT1121. XT1111 should be used for digital inputs.
15123   Wed Jan 15 10:04:19 2020 gautamSummaryGeneralPOX / POY locking restored

Single arm locking using POX and POY has been restored. After running the dither alignment servos, the TRX/TRY levels are ~0.7. This is consistent with the IMC transmission being ~11000 counts with the AOM 1st order diffracted beam (c.f. 15000 counts with the undiffracted beam).

 Quote: Tomorrow, I'll check the single-arm locking and the ALS system.
Attachment 1: singleArms.png
15122   Wed Jan 15 08:55:14 2020 gautamUpdateCDSYearly DAQD fix

Summary:

Every new year (on Dec 31 or Jan 1), all of the realtime models will report a "0x4000" error. This happens due to an offset to the GPStime driver not being updated. Here is how this can be fixed (slightly modified version of what was done at LASTI).

Steps to fix the DC errors:

1. ssh into FB machine.
2. Edit the file /opt/rtcds/rtscore/release/src/include/drv/spectracomGPS.c:
• Look for the code block with a text string that reads something like
/* 2019 had 365 days and no leap seconds */
pHardware->gpsOffset += 31536000;
• Copy and paste the above string for the appropriate number of years of offset you are adding, and edit the comment string appropriately!.
3. Navigate to /opt/rtcds/rtscore/release/src/drv/symmetricom. Run the following commands:
sudo make
sudo make install
4. Stop all the daqd processes and reload symmetricom:
sudo systemctl daqd_* stop
sudo modprobe -r symmetricom
sudo modprobe symmetricom
5. Re-start the daqd processes:
sudo service daqd_* start

Independent of this, there is a 1 second offset between the gpstimes reported by /proc/gps and gpstime. However, this doesn't seem to drift. We had effected a static offset to correct for this in the daqd config files, and it looks like these do not need to be updated on a yearly basis. All the daqd indicators are now green, see Attachment #1.

Attachment 1: DCerrors_fixed.png
15121   Tue Jan 14 20:17:09 2020 gautamSummaryGeneralIFO recovery

Summary:

There was no light entering the IFO. I worked on a few things to bring the interferometer to a somewhat usable state. The goal is to get back to PRFPMI locking ASAP.

Details:

Problem: All fast models report a "0x4000" DC error. See Attachment #1.

Solution: I think this is a "known" issue that happened last new year too. The fix was to add a hard-coded 1 second offset to the daqd config files. However, incrementing/decreasing this offset by +/- 1 second did not fix the errors for me today. I'll reach out to JH for more troubleshooting tips.

Update 15 Jan 2020 830am: The problem is now fixed. See here.

Problem: c1susaux and c1auxey were unresponsive.

Solution: Keyed c1auxey. Rebooted c1susaux and as usual, manually started the eth0/eth1 subnets. The Acromag crate did not have to be power-cycled. ITMY got stuck in this process - I released it using the usual bias jiggling. Why did c1susaux fail? When did it fail? Was there some un-elogged cable jiggling in that part of the lab?

Problem: IMC autolocker and FSS slow processes aren't running on megatron after the upgrade.

Solution: Since no one bothered to do this, I setup systemd infrastructure for doing this on megatron. To run these, you do:

sudo systemctl start MCautolocker.service
sudo systemctl start FSSSlow.service

and to check their status, use:

sudo systemctl status MCautolocker.service
sudo systemctl status FSSSlow.service

The systemd setup is currently done in a naive way (using the bash executable to run a series of commands rather than using the systemd infrastructure itself to setup variables etc) but it works. I confirmed that the autolocker can re-acquire IMC lock, and that the FSS loop only runs when the IMC is locked. I also removed the obsolete messages printed to megatron's console (by editing /etc/motd) on ssh-login, advising the usage of initctl - the updated message reflects the above instructions.

In order to do the IMC locking, I changed the DC voltage to the AOM to +1V DC (it was +0.8 V DC). In this setting, the IMC refl level is ~3.6 V DC. When using the undiffracted AOM beam, we had more like +5.6 V DC (so now we have ~65% of the nominal level) from the IMC REFL PD when the IMC was unlocked. IIRC, the diffraction efficiency of the AOM should be somewhat better, at ~85%. Needs investigation, or better yet, let's just go back to the old configuration of using the undiffracted beam.

There was also an UN-ELOGGED change of the nominal value of the PMC servo gain to 12.8, and no transfer function measurement. There needs to be a proper characterization of this loop done to decide what the new nominal value should be.

I'm going to leave the PSL shutter open and let the IMC stay locked for stability investigations. Tomorrow, I'll check the single-arm locking and the ALS system.

Attachment 1: DCerrors.png
15120   Tue Jan 14 17:16:43 2020 yehonathanUpdatePSLAssembly underway for c1psl upgrade

{Yehonathan, Jon}

I isolated a BIO Acromag completely from the chassis and powered it up. The inverted behavior persisted.

Turns out this is normal behavior for the XT1111 model.

For digital outputs, one should XT1121. XT1111 should be used for digital inputs.

Slow machines Wiki page was updated along with other pieces of information.

I replaced the XT1111 Acromags with XT1121 and did some rewiring since the XT1121 cannot get the excitation voltage from the DIN rail.

I added an XT1111 Acromag for the single digital input we have in this system.

15119   Mon Jan 13 23:30:53 2020 YehonathanSummaryPSLChanges made since Gautam left

As per Gautam's request, I list the changes that were made since he left:

1. The AOM driver was connected to a signal generator.

2. The first order beam from the AOM was coupled into the PMC while the zero-order beam is blocked. We might want to keep this configuration if the pointing stability is adequate.

3. c1psl got Burt restored to Dec 1st.

4. Megatron got updated.

Currently, c1susaux seems unresponsive and needs to be rebooted.

15118   Mon Jan 13 16:05:18 2020 yehonathanUpdatePSLAssembly underway for c1psl upgrade

{Yehonathan, Jon}

I configured the Acromag channels according to the Slow Controls Wiki page.

We started testing the channels. Almost at the beginning we notice that the BIO channels are inverted. High voltage when 0. 0 Voltage when 1. We checked several things:

1. We checked the configuration of the BIOs in the windows machine but nothing pointed to the problem.

2. We isolated one of the BIOs from the DIN rail but the behavior persisted.

3. We checked that the voltages that go into the Acromags are correct.

The next step is to power up an isolated Acromag directly from the power supply. This will tell us if the problem is in the chassis or the EPICs DB.

15117   Mon Jan 13 15:47:37 2020 shrutiConfigurationComputer Scripts / Programsc1psl burt restore

[Yehonathan, Jon, Shruti]

Since the PMC would not lock, we initially burt-restored the c1psl machine to the last available shapshot (Dec 10th 2019), but it still would not lock.

Then, it was burt-restored to midnight of Dec 1st, 2019, after which it could be locked.

15116   Fri Jan 10 19:48:46 2020 yehonathanUpdatePSLAssembly underway for c1psl upgrade

{Yehonathan, Jon}

I finished pre-wiring the PSL chassis. I mounted the Acromags on the DIN rails and labeled them. I checked that they are powered up with the right voltage +24V and that the LEDs behave as expected.

Attachment 1: 20200110_194429.jpg
Attachment 2: 20200110_194516_HDR.jpg
15115   Fri Jan 10 14:21:19 2020 YehonathanUpdatePSLc1psl reboot

PSL controls on the sitemap went blank. Rebooted c1psl. PSL screens seem normal again.

15114   Tue Jan 7 18:51:51 2020 JonUpdatePSLNew c1psl server assembled

I've assembled a new SuperMicro rackmount machine to replace c1psl. It is currently set up on the electronics bench.

• OS: Debian 10.2
• Hostname: c1psl1 (will become c1psl after installation)
• IP: 192.168.113.54 (registered in the martian DNS)
• Network drive mount point set up (/cvs/cds), which provides all the EPICS executables.
15113   Mon Jan 6 19:05:09 2020 not gautamUpdatePSLAssembly underway for c1psl upgrade

I found them, thanks. After c1psl, there are 4 2GB DIMM cards and 1 SSD left. I moved them into the storage bins with all the other Acromag parts.

Quote:

RTFE. Where did the spares go?

 Quote: I began setting up the host server, but immediately hit a problem: We seem to have no more memory cards or solid-state drives, despite having two more SuperMicro servers. I ordered enough RAM cards and drives to finish both machines. They will hopefully arrive tomorrow.
15112   Mon Jan 6 16:07:12 2020 gautamUpdatePSLAssembly underway for c1psl upgrade

RTFE. Where did the spares go?

 Quote: I began setting up the host server, but immediately hit a problem: We seem to have no more memory cards or solid-state drives, despite having two more SuperMicro servers. I ordered enough RAM cards and drives to finish both machines. They will hopefully arrive tomorrow.
15111   Mon Jan 6 15:36:55 2020 JonUpdatePSLAssembly underway for c1psl upgrade

[Jon, Yehonathan]

We've begun assembling the new c1psl Acromag chassis based on Yehonathan's final pin assignments. So far, parts have been gathered and the chassis itself has been assembled.

Yehonathan is currently wiring up the chassis power and Ethernet feedthroughs, following my wiring diagram from previous assemblies. Once the Acromag units are powered, I will help configure them, assign IPs, etc. We will then turn the wiring over to Chub to complete the Acromag to breakout board wiring.

I began setting up the host server, but immediately hit a problem: We seem to have no more memory cards or solid-state drives, despite having two more SuperMicro servers. I ordered enough RAM cards and drives to finish both machines. They will hopefully arrive tomorrow.

ELOG V3.1.3-