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ID Date Authorup Type Category Subject
  341   Tue Feb 26 20:24:04 2008 AndreySummaryTMISorrow
As for that plot of three-dimensional surface, I indeed was wrong with the axis "Q_ETMX-Q_ITMX" (I put there wrong string "Q_ITMX-Q_ETMX"). On Friday plot there were values 10^(-12) on the z-axis, and that should be really meters, but the point that as I realized on Monday, I have never calibrated experimental measurement results from counts to meters , that's why it is this difference between 10^(-6) and 10^(-12). I still did not find the way to compare experim. and theoretical plots, because even if I leave "counts" on both plots, so that I have scale 10^(-6) on both plots, then the change in theoretical plot is just 0.02*10^(-6) for the range of Q-factors change, while the change in experimental measurements is an order of magnitude more 0.4*10^(-6), so the surface for theretical plot would be almost flat in the same axes as experimental results.
  401   Tue Mar 25 13:21:25 2008 AndreyUpdateComputersc1susvme2 is not behaving itself again
  404   Wed Mar 26 13:41:53 2008 AndreyHowToSUSModification of ''C1DRIFT_MONITOR''
I learned how to modify the drift-monitor in MEDM so that values on it change colors from green to yellow to red depending how much is the fluctuatioin (deviation) of the value from its mean nominal value.

In order to do this, I used the following eight commands:

tdswrite CHANNEL_NAME.HIHI VALUE
tdswrite CHANNEL_NAME.HIGH VALUE
tdswrite CHANNEL_NAME.LOW VALUE
tdswrite CHANNEL_NAME.LOLO VALUE
tdswrite CHANNEL_NAME.HHSV 2
tdswrite CHANNEL_NAME HSV 1
tdswrite CHANNEL_NAME LSV 1
tdswrite CHANNEL_NAME LLSV 2

where CHANNEL_MAME is the name of the channel the value of which is indicated on the MEDM screen C1DRIFT_MONITOR, for example
C1:SUS-MC1_SUSPOS_INMON, and VALUE is numerical value that I assigned to the channel parameters.

By now I modified nine mode-cleaner channels (POS, PITCH and YAW channels for MC1, MC2 and MC3) and 6 channels for ITMX and ITMY.

Note that as we have problems this week with computer C1SUSVM, namely ''c1susvme2'' is not working, indicators for MC2 in the drift-monitor do not change colors today although they should.

In order to judge which values should be established as reasonable deviations from the average nominal values, I was looking into Dataviewer trends for the channels that are in the drift-monitor.


In the future indicators for channels ETMX and ETMY, BS, PRM, SRM should be modified in complete analogy with what I did already for MC and for ITM. So, I have modified 3*5 = 15 channels, and 3*5 = 15 channels are left for the future.

Note that (as far as I understand) instead of commands "tdswrite" it is absolutely legitimate to use commands "ezcawrite".
  410   Thu Apr 3 18:33:17 2008 AndreySummaryEnvironmentStatus of Weather Station

During the last two days some things related to weather station have been improved.

1) Startup file for the computer (processor) 'c1pem1' was changed so that now 'c1pem1' can be rebooted from "Linux1". Computer 'c1pem1' is responsible for communicating data between 'Weather Monitor' and control UNIX machines. Before April 1st it was impossible to reboot the computer 'c1pem1'. Now 'c1pem1' runs without difficulties.

2) It was determined that some ethernet cables of category "cat 5" were bad. I replaced one short cat 5 cable between 'c1pem1' and 'network-switch board' in the neighboring computer rack, and I still need to replace the internet ending of another long (~20 meters) cat 5 cable after Alex Ivanov will bring the tool for that.

3) 'Weather monitor' and 'WeatherLink' are temporarily moved away from their "nested" positions on the north wall, and they are now in the proximity of processor 'c1pem1'. Thus the signal about "Inside Temperature" goes into 'c1pem1' computer without any additional ethernet cables, and "inside temperature" is correctly displayed on the "Checklist" adl. MEDM screen on the control UNIX machines. The cable with a signal from the roof sensors (which might be dead due their 7-year age) is temporarily disconnected from the 'Weather Monitor'.

Result: 'Weather Monitor' and computer (processsor) 'c1pem1' are alive, they communicate reasonable "Inside Temperature" to the control UNIX-machines.

The fate of the outside sensors is currently unknown, I plan to go to the roof together with Mr. Steve Vass tomorrow and try to determine what should be done with them.

I am also writing (right now) a wiki-40 page which explains what is the "Weather Station" and what is its status.
  412   Thu Apr 3 18:46:04 2008 AndreyConfigurationComputers"Network switch board" and "c1pem1 crate" were touched

While working with the weather station, I did two things that potentially (with a very small probability) might influence the smooth work of other processors/computers.
I did the following on Wednesday, April 2nd, in times between 1PM and 3PM.

(1) I turned off for several seconds and returned into the initial position the switch-key on the rack with computer (processor) 'c1pem1' in order to reboot processor 'c1pem1'. The turning off/on of that key-switch was repeated several times.

(2) I pulled gently the whole "Network-Switch Board" towards me in order to replace an ethernet cat 5 cable going into the board form the processor 'c1pem1'. Some other connections of other ethernet cables might be flimsy, and then other people in 40-meter might have problems with computers other than 'c1pem1'. It should not happen, but in case of extraordinary behaviour of any other computer in our lab, people should check the connectors on the network-switch board. It is located near the middle of Y-arm. See picture.
Attachment 1: Computer_Rack.JPG
Computer_Rack.JPG
  413   Thu Apr 3 19:27:50 2008 AndreySummaryPhotosTour for prospective grad students
Last Friday (March 28), there was a tour of 40-meter lab for prospective graduate students.

Rana showed to the prospective students the interferometer. See pdf-attachment with pictures (two pictures of Rana with undergraduates (I took them) and two old pictures which I discovered on the memory card of Nikon d-40, it was not me who took those two last pictures).
Attachment 1: Rana_Lecturing.pdf
Rana_Lecturing.pdf Rana_Lecturing.pdf Rana_Lecturing.pdf Rana_Lecturing.pdf
  414   Fri Apr 4 16:54:06 2008 AndreySummaryEnvironmentWeather station is fully alive

After today's trip to the roof of our building the weather station seems to be completely resurrected!

We went to the roof together with Steve Vass, and we discovered that:

(1) Sensors of wind speed, wind direction and the bowl that measures the amount of precipitation do not have any visible defects, so there is no problem with all those sensors even after being outside for seven years.

(2) We discovered that there are cable junctions located on the roof, and those junctions were located close to the rim (edge) of the roof, before the cables go inside of 40-meter lab room. The taping in the place of the junction was not good due to the age, and the connections between the cables were disrupted (cable endings were out of the connectors). Therefore, no signal from the roof sensors could be transferred to the 'Weather Monitor'. It was not wise from the person who installed the weather station to leave the fragile cable connections outside, on the roof, because the length of the cables allowed to locate those three connectors inside of the building.

See the attached PDF-file with pictures.

(3) After the cables were plugged into the connectors, these cable junctions were gently pulled into the inside of the 40-meter interferometer room. These cable junctions should not be located outside of the building!

Immediately after all the above-mentioned steps, the reasonable indications of outside temperature, humidity, pressure, wind speed and direction appeared on the 'Weather Monitor'.

In order to see if there is any problem of communication between the 'Weather Monitor' and UNIX control computers through 'c1pem1', I rolled out two brand new black cat-5 ethernet cables on the floor of the interferometer room (they are on the floor temporarily, the ethernet cable will go from the floor into the ceiling cable tray eventually), connected the two cables together through freshly purchased from Caltech bookstore cable connectors, and thus connected the 'Weather Monitor' to the processor 'c1pem1'.

Result: Now we can see reasonable indications of outside temperature, pressure, amount of precipitation, wind speed and direction on the EPICS screen! Moreover, these indications are changing with time.

As a reminder for everyone: standard atmospheric pressure is about 101kPa, so the indications of pressure as 99900Pa is quite reasonable.

One thing is not clear for me yet: wind speed on the 'Weather Monitor' is fluctuating between 2 and 4 mph, while MEDM EPICS-screen values are fluctuation in the range between 0 and 3mph.

Many thanks to Steve Vass and Alexander Ivanov for their help.
Attachment 1: Work_on_the_Roof.pdf
Work_on_the_Roof.pdf Work_on_the_Roof.pdf Work_on_the_Roof.pdf Work_on_the_Roof.pdf
  420   Wed Apr 16 09:47:35 2008 AndreySummaryPEMWeather Station
The weather station is functional again.

The long ethernet Cat5 cable connecting 'WeatherLink' and processor 'c1pem1' was repaired yesterday, namely the RJ45 connector was replaced,
and information about weather conditions is now again continuously being transferred from the 'Weather Monitor' to the control UNIX computers. We can see this information in 'c0Checklist.adl' screen and in Dataviewer.

Below are the two sets of trends for the temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure and the amount of precipitation.

The upper set of trends ("Attachment 1") is "Full Data" in Dataviewer for the 3 hours from 6.30AM till 9.30AM this morning,
and the lower set of trends ("Attachment 2") is "Minute Trend" in Dataviewer for 15 hours from 6.30PM yesterday till 9.30AM this morning.

I also updated the wiki-40 page describing the Weather Station and added to there a description of the process of attaching the RJ45 connector to the end of ethernet Cat5 cable. To access the wiki-40 page about the "weather station" you should go from the main page to "PEM" section and click on "Weather Station".
Attachment 1: Weather-FullData_3hrs.png
Weather-FullData_3hrs.png
Attachment 2: Weather_Trend_15hrs.png
Weather_Trend_15hrs.png
  421   Wed Apr 16 10:20:01 2008 AndreyUpdateComputersRosalba and linux3

Quote:
There is a new computer in the control room -- its called Rosalba,
in keeping with our naming convention. Its a quad-core machine that
Dmass found for cheap somewhere; we've installed the CentOS on it
that Alex recommended.

Its a 64-bit Linux and so that may cause some problems. Alex has done this
before and so we have some confidence that we can get our regular tools (DTT, Dataviewer)
to run on it.

I have made a new apps tree for all of our future 64-bit Linux machines. So far, there is
a 64-bit firefox and a 64-bit matlab in there. As we start using this machine some more, we
will be forced to install more 64-bit Linux stuff.

We also didn't have enough network cables to run to both linux3 and rosalba. Andrey has decided that we
should not ditch linux3 and so he will run another cable for it tomorrow.


The ethernet cable for linux3 was installed on Wednesday morning. Now linux3 has Internet connection again.
  424   Thu Apr 17 20:17:37 2008 AndreyUpdatePEMTwo issues with our weather station

I encountered two difficulties working with the "Weather Station".

(1) It turns out that there is no indication for "outside humidity" on the "weather monitor" (a small black box located on the north wall of the interferometer). I realized that "outside humidity" is absent in our system when I tried to see the Dataviewer trend and real-time value from the channel "C1: PEM-weather-outsideHumid". It shows impossible number 128%.

It follows from the "Davis" technical documentation that the outside sensor can be of two types: either "External Temperature Sensor" or "External Temperature/Humidity Sensor". I suspect (I do not know for sure) that we have the first type of sensor "external temperature only" and therefore we in principle cannot have information about outside humidity. I propose to Steve to climb to the roof on Friday to resolve this uncertainty looking at the sensor.

(2) I wanted to change the units of pressure from "Pascal" (force/area) to other units, "mbar" for example. For this purpose I need to edit the file "Weather.st" in the directory /cvs/cds/caltech/target/c1pem1 (this file is run on the VME processor "c1pem1"). Unfortunately, when I try to open the file with emacs, I get the message that the file exists but protected from modifications. I do not know how to unblock the file "Weather.st". I need some help with that.

I thought that switching-off the processor "c1pem1" could resolve the issue, so I switched-off the whole crate where the processor "c1pem1" is installed for about 5 minutes, turning the metallic key. As it did not make any difference for the accessibility of the file "Weather.st", I switched-on the crate after 5 minutes. There are other processors besides "c1pem1", so they were turned-off for several minutes earlier today.

Also, I created a new MEDM screen which has information about weather only, a smaller version of the "C0Checklist.adl" MEDM screen. Both screens are now located under the most top-left button "Checklist" of the main MEDM screen.
  427   Fri Apr 18 16:48:13 2008 AndreyUpdatePEMRain collector of weather station

Today the rain collector of our weather station was cleaned. As a result, we checked that the rain indication on the weather monitor and on the MEDM screens is alive and working properly. I am adding some details about the roof sensors to the wiki-40 page about the weather station. See especially the link "More description of the roof sensors and their interaction with UNIX computers" from the main Weather Station page in wiki-40.

Pictures of the rain collector before (dirty, the opening is fully clogged with dust and dirt) and after (clean opening in the bottom of the bowl) the cleaning are attached.
Attachment 1: DSC_0520--before.JPG
DSC_0520--before.JPG
Attachment 2: DSC_0537--after.JPG
DSC_0537--after.JPG
  440   Wed Apr 23 22:39:54 2008 AndreyDAQComputer Scripts / ProgramsProblem with "get_data" and slow PEM channels

It turns out that I cannot read minute trends for the slow weather channels for more than 1000 seconds back (roughly more than 15 minutes ago) using "get_data" script.

For comparison, I tried MC1 slow channels, and similar problem did not arise there. Probably, something is wrong with the memory of slow weather channels. At the same time, I can see minute-trends in Dataviewer as long ago as I want.

In response to
>>get_data('C1: PEM-weather_outsideTemp', 'minute', gps('now') - 3690, 3600);
I get the error message:
"Warning: Missong C1: PEM-weather_outsideTemp M data at 893045156".
  444   Thu Apr 24 22:06:47 2008 AndreySummaryComputersEthernet Cables and Hubs
Today in the morning (between 8.30AM and noon) Joe and I were working on understanding which ethernet cables connect "processors controlling the work of equipment in the interferometer room" and "Internet hub in the computer room".

Firstly, we took off several times the blue ethernet cables from the router located near ETMX in the morning. We were trying to understand which port in the hub is responsible for the interaction with that processor.

Secondly, we were working on reviving the connection with the computer controlling vacuum in the interferometer.

Later in the middle of the day (around 2PM) Joe continued some work with ethernet cables without me. We plan on continuing the cable work on Friday morning. A better and more detailed elog will appear then.
  447   Fri Apr 25 11:33:40 2008 AndreyConfigurationComputersComputer controlling vaccum equipment

Old computer (located in the south-end end of the interferometer room) that was almost unable to fulfill his duties of controlling vacuum equipment has been replaced to "Linux-3". MEDM runs on "Linux-3".

We checked later that day together with Steve Vass that vacuum equipment (like vacuum valves) can be really controlled from the MEDM-screen 'VacControl.adl'.

Unused flat LCD monitor, keyboard and mouse (parts of the former LINUX-3 computer) were put on the second shelf of the computer rack in the computer room near the HP printer.
  448   Fri Apr 25 13:20:04 2008 AndreyUpdatePEMMicrophone test
In response to Rana's request, I tested the microphone (if it is alive or not) by clapping my hands and speaking aloud nearby.

The microphone is alive, see the attached "Full Data" for 5 minutes from Dataviewer.
Attachment 1: Microphone.png
Microphone.png
  452   Sat Apr 26 01:45:38 2008 AndreySummaryPEMWeather Station enhancement
Two more things concerning weather monitoring have been done during this week.

1) A Dataviewer template was created, so that it allows to see "real-time" information from weather channels immediately, without adding many channels "manually".

If one wants to use this template,
open Dataviewer -> "File" -> "Restore Settings", /cvs/cds/caltech/users/Templates/Dataviewer_Templates/Weather.xml.

2) I wrote a couple of Matlab scripts that allow to read data (minute trends) from the Dataviewer channels over some time in the past, save the received data in mat-files, and plot those minute-trends. Thus, one can get plots that are very much similar to what one can see in Dataviewer. These two Matlab files are located in the directory
"/cvs/cds/caltech/users/weather_station". File "WeatherReading.m" allows reading from the weather channels (paths to mDV directory must be configured before using my script), file "WeatherTrends.m" allows plotting of those minute trends.

Unfortunately, hardware problems arise very often if we want to read for a somewhat long time in the past, so until now I have not succeeded in getting trends for more than 20 minutes. As an example, see the attached png-file with the 20-minutes trends of data from Thursday evening.

3) So far I did not have success in learning how to recalculate pressure from Pascals to mbars in EPICS (although I tried google-search).

4) I am making every effort in recent weeks not to put any personal or non-scientific information into elog, but this message could be important for all of us, so I cannot resist:
a shark in the Pacific Ocean has killed a swimmer near San-Diego (I saw this in russian news and then made a quick google-search).
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2008/04/this-just-in-fa.html
Attachment 1: Matlab_Weather_Trends.png
Matlab_Weather_Trends.png
  458   Mon Apr 28 23:44:33 2008 AndreyUpdateComputer Scripts / ProgramsWeather.db

I was trying to figure out how to modify the file "Weather.db" so that the atm.pressure would be recalculated from Pa to bar before appearing in the EPICS screen, but so far I did not succeed. I restarted processor "c1pem1" several times. I will continue this tomorrow, and also I will modify the nmaes of the weather channels.
  460   Tue Apr 29 21:30:49 2008 AndreyUpdatePEMIn the process of renaming channels for Weather Station

I startted renaming channels for the weather station, and I will continue this tomorrow, on Wednesday.

I have restarted 'c1pem1' several times and reconfigured "C0DCU1" on the framebuilder MEDM screen.

Framebuilder now does not work.
  461   Wed Apr 30 20:48:58 2008 AndreySummaryPEMNew Weather Channels

I created the new channels for the weather station, all letters are capital ones. They are of the form "C1 : PEM-WS_PARAMETER" where "PARAMETER" is temperature, pressure, wind,... characteristics (names are self-obvious).

These new weather channels are indicated on the "Weather Checklist" MEDM screen. Also, units of pressure were changed from Pascal to torr and mbars.

The new weather channels are also visible in Dataviewer. I updated the template, and as an example of Dataviewer data I attach the following 5-hour trends of weather parameters from 3.30PM to 8.30PM on April 30th.
Attachment 1: April30-5hours.png
April30-5hours.png
  476   Wed May 14 13:14:19 2008 AndreySummaryComputersReflective Memory Network is restored

Reflective Memory Network is restored, all watchdogs and oplevs are returned to the "enabled" state.

In order to revive the computers, several things were done.

1) Following Mr. Adhikari's elog entry #353, I walked around the interferometer room, and switched off the power keys in all crates with computers whose names are contained in the MEDM Reflective Memory screen, including the rack with the framebuilder. By the way, it was nontrivial to find the switch in the 1Y4 crate that would shut off/on processors "c1susvme1" and "c1susvme2": the switch turned out to be located at the rear side of the crate, and it is not a key but it is a button.

2) I was trying to follow wiki-40 computer restart procedures, but every time that I was trying to run "startup.cmd" screen from the corresponding target subdirectory, I got the error message "Device or resource busy".
By the way, one more thing was learned: if you firstly open in terminal burtgooey, select the snap file, then reboot the processor, and then will try to burt-restore it, you will get the message "Status Not OK". In order to really burt-restore the processor which was recently rebooted, you need to close the terminal with burtgooey and open burtgooey in a new terminal window which should be opened after rebooting the processor.

Feeling that my activities according to wiki-40 procedures do not revive computers, I invited Alex Ivanov.

3) Alex tried to touch the memory card in "c1iovme" in rack 1Y2, because once before this card failed causing network problems, but this did not help.

4) We shutted off and restarted again (pressing the power-switching button) the black Linux machine "c1dcuepics" (located in the very bottom below the framebuilder). Alex says that this machine is responsible for all EPICS. It was not restarted for 182 days, and probably some process there went wrong.

After restarting this machine "c1dcuepics" we were able to follow wiki-40 procedures for restarting all other computers (whose names are on the MEDM RFM network). We ran correcponding "startup.cmd" files and burt-restored them without error messages.

Now all the computers work and communicate in a proper way.

Mr. Joseph Betzwiezer was helping me with all these activities (we decided that it is more important that cameras for now), thanks to him. But our joint skills turned out to be insufficient, so Alex Ivanov's contribution was the most important.
  477   Wed May 14 14:05:40 2008 AndreyUpdateComputersComputer Linux-2, MEDM screen "Watchdogs"

Computer "Linux-2", MEDM screen "C1SUS_Watchdogs.adl": there is no indication for ETMY watchdogs, everything is white. There is information on that screen "C1SUS_Watchdogs.adl" about all other systems (MC, ETMX,...), but something is wrong with indicators for ETMY on that particular control computer.
  483   Fri May 16 17:27:55 2008 AndreyOmnistructureGeneralToilets are broken, do not use them !!!

Both toilets in 40-meter were constantly flushing, the leaking water was on the floor inside of the restrooms, so

BOTH RESTROOMS ARE CLOSED TILL MONDAY


I have heard the constant loud sound of flushing water, opened the door, and was unpleasantly surprised because all the floor was under the layer of water and the toilets were constantly flushing. I called security at X5000, a plumber came in and told that a team of plumbers needs to repair the flushing system after the weekend. The plumber today just shut off the flushing water, wiped off the floor and told not to use the restrooms in the weekend. We should expect a team of plumbers on Monday.

Sinks are working, so you can wash your hands.
  512   Tue Jun 3 02:15:29 2008 AndreySummaryCamerasFitting results

There have been a lot of work going on related to the processing of images captured by the cameras GC-650 and GC-750 recently.

In the end of the week of May 30 Joseph and me (Andrey) installed the two cameras capturing the images of the pick-off of the main beam on the PSL optical table. The cameras are located after the picked-off beam going towards the "PSL position QPD", after the 33-66 beamsplitter (33% of reflection and 66% of transmission).

Initially (on May 30) the GC-650 camera was taking the images of reflected beam, while the camera GC-750 was taking images of transmitted beam. On Monday June 2 we switched the positions of the cameras, so GC-650 appeared to be on the path of the transmitted beam and GC-750 on the path of the reflected beam.

I (Andrey Rodionov) was able in the weekend to succeed in writing a Matlab program that performs the two-dimensional Gaussian fitting of the captured images, and I used that program to fit the images from the cameras.

The program fits the camera data by a two-dimensional Gaussian surface:

Z = A * exp[ - 2 * (X - X_Shift)^2 / (Waist_X)^2 ] * exp[ - 2 * (Y - Y_Shift)^2 / (Waist_Y)^2 ] + CONST_Shift,

where A, X_Shift, Waist_X, Y_Shift, Waist_Y, CONST_Shift are 6 parameters of the fit.

Attached are the pdf-files showing the results: images taken with our cameras, the 2-dimensional Gaussian fit for these images and the surfaces of residuals. Residuals are differences between the exact beam profile and the result of fitting. In normalized version of residual graph I normalize it by the first coefficient of fitting A, the factor in front of the exponents.
Attachment 1: May30-GC650.pdf
May30-GC650.pdf May30-GC650.pdf May30-GC650.pdf May30-GC650.pdf May30-GC650.pdf May30-GC650.pdf
Attachment 2: May30-GC750.pdf
May30-GC750.pdf May30-GC750.pdf May30-GC750.pdf May30-GC750.pdf May30-GC750.pdf May30-GC750.pdf
Attachment 3: June02-GC650.pdf
June02-GC650.pdf June02-GC650.pdf June02-GC650.pdf June02-GC650.pdf June02-GC650.pdf June02-GC650.pdf
Attachment 4: June02-GC750.pdf
June02-GC750.pdf June02-GC750.pdf June02-GC750.pdf June02-GC750.pdf June02-GC750.pdf June02-GC750.pdf
  515   Tue Jun 3 12:33:36 2008 AndreyUpdateCamerasAndrey, Josephb

Continuing our work with cameras,

1) we removed both cameras from their places on Monday afternoon, and were taking the beam-scans with a special equipment (see elog-entry 511) from Bridge bld.,

2) and on Tuesday morning we putted back the GC-750 camera into the transmitted beam path, camera GC-650 into the reflected beam path. We plan to compare the images from the "reflection camera" for several different angles of tilt of the camera.
  11   Wed Oct 24 01:43:32 2007 Andrey RodionovOtherGeneralPDF-file -> Will report about first results for XARM during Wednesday meeting

Here is the pdf-file with some graphs showing first results for XARM optimization.

We will discuss alltogether during our Wednesday meeting which starts at 2.40PM. Probably it would be necessary to project this pdf-file to the big screen,
so someone should bring laptop and probably connect it to the projector. I do not have a laptop.

See you on that meeting.
Attachment 1: Andrey_October_24.pdf
Andrey_October_24.pdf Andrey_October_24.pdf Andrey_October_24.pdf Andrey_October_24.pdf Andrey_October_24.pdf Andrey_October_24.pdf Andrey_October_24.pdf Andrey_October_24.pdf
  38   Wed Oct 31 10:31:23 2007 Andrey RodionovRoutineVACVenting is in progress

We (Steve, David, Andrey) started venting the vacuum system at 9.50AM Wednesday morning.
  41   Wed Oct 31 19:26:08 2007 Andrey RodionovRoutineGeneralPhotographs of "Mode-Cleaner Entrance"

Here are the pictures of "inside the chamber".
Attachment 1: MC-Pictures-1.pdf
MC-Pictures-1.pdf MC-Pictures-1.pdf MC-Pictures-1.pdf MC-Pictures-1.pdf
Attachment 2: MC-Pictures-2.pdf
MC-Pictures-2.pdf MC-Pictures-2.pdf MC-Pictures-2.pdf MC-Pictures-2.pdf
Attachment 3: MC-Pictures-3.pdf
MC-Pictures-3.pdf MC-Pictures-3.pdf MC-Pictures-3.pdf MC-Pictures-3.pdf
Attachment 4: MC-Pictures-4.pdf
MC-Pictures-4.pdf MC-Pictures-4.pdf MC-Pictures-4.pdf MC-Pictures-4.pdf
Attachment 5: MC-Pictures-5.pdf
MC-Pictures-5.pdf MC-Pictures-5.pdf MC-Pictures-5.pdf MC-Pictures-5.pdf
Attachment 6: MC-Pictures-6.pdf
MC-Pictures-6.pdf MC-Pictures-6.pdf MC-Pictures-6.pdf MC-Pictures-6.pdf
Attachment 7: MC-Pictures-7.pdf
MC-Pictures-7.pdf MC-Pictures-7.pdf MC-Pictures-7.pdf MC-Pictures-7.pdf
Attachment 8: MC-Pictures-8.pdf
MC-Pictures-8.pdf MC-Pictures-8.pdf MC-Pictures-8.pdf MC-Pictures-8.pdf
Attachment 9: MC-Pictures-9.pdf
MC-Pictures-9.pdf MC-Pictures-9.pdf
  46   Thu Nov 1 16:34:47 2007 Andrey RodionovSummaryComputersLimitation on attachment size of E-LOG

I discovered yesterday when I was attaching photos that it is NOT possible to attach files whose size is 10Mb or more. Therefore, 10Mb or something very close to that value is the limit.
  47   Thu Nov 1 16:42:48 2007 Andrey RodionovSummaryEnvironmentEnd of Daylight Saving Time this weekend
Useful information for everyone, as a friendly reminder:

According to the web-page

http://www.energy.ca.gov/daylightsaving.html,

this coming weekend there will be the end of Daylight Saving Time.

Clocks will be adjusted backward one hour.
  50   Thu Nov 1 19:53:02 2007 Andrey RodionovBureaucracyPhotosTobin's picture
Attachment 1: DSC_0053.JPG
DSC_0053.JPG
  51   Thu Nov 1 19:53:34 2007 Andrey RodionovBureaucracyPhotosRobert's photo
Attachment 1: DSC_0068.JPG
DSC_0068.JPG
  52   Thu Nov 1 19:54:22 2007 Andrey RodionovBureaucracyPhotosRana's photo
Attachment 1: DSC_0120.JPG
DSC_0120.JPG
  53   Thu Nov 1 19:55:03 2007 Andrey RodionovBureaucracyPhotosAndrey's photo
Attachment 1: DSC_0055.JPG
DSC_0055.JPG
  54   Thu Nov 1 19:55:59 2007 Andrey RodionovBureaucracyPhotosAndrey, Tobin, Robert - photo
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  55   Thu Nov 1 19:58:07 2007 Andrey RodionovBureaucracyPhotosSteve and Tobin's picture
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  56   Thu Nov 1 20:03:00 2007 Andrey RodionovSummaryPhotosProcedure "Drop and Drag" in pictures
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  489   Tue May 20 18:33:01 2008 Andrey, JohnConfigurationIOOMode Cleaner is locked again

It was noticed by Mr.Adhikari earlier today that the MC became unlocked at about 11AM.

There is no clear understanding what caused the problem.

Trying to restore the modecleaner locking, we noticed with John that the beam was not centered on the wavesensors (WFS1. WFS2 on the screen "C1IOO_LockMC.adl"). We decided to adjust the beam position moving slightly the bias sliders for pitch and yaw degrees of freedom for MC1.
This allowed to make the MC locked.

Old positions for the MC1 sliders: Pitch = 2.9934, Yaw = -0.6168;
New positions --------//---------: Pitch = 3.0604, Yaw = -0.7258.

At the same time, FSS for PSL is still showing the values in the range 0.720 - 0.750 which is lower than the usual values. The indicator for FSS value is yellow when it is below 0.750.
  64   Mon Nov 5 22:24:38 2007 Andrey, SteveOmnistructureVACPumping down goes smoothly

We (Steve and Andrey) started pumping down at 3.25PM today. At 9 PM we turned off the rotary pump, and turned on turbomolecular pumps.

By 10.10PM we reached the pressure 1 milliTorr, and the current status is "Vacuum Normal". We leave the turbopumps on for the night, and as it is pretty late for Steve, we are going home.

P.S. Steve was very displeased with the standard selection of "Type" of messages, he would like to extend that list.
  13686   Mon Mar 19 07:37:00 2018 Angelina PanSummary Proposed QPD Optical Arrangement

I am currently working on an optical arrangement consisting of a QPD that measures the fluctuations of an incoming HeNe laser beam that is reflected by a mirror. The goal is to add a second QPD to the optical arrangement to form a linear combination that effectively cancels out the (angular) fluctuations from the laser beam itself so that we can only focus on the fluctuations produced by the mirror.

In order to solve this problem, I have written a program for calculating the different contributions of the fluctuations of the HeNe laser and fluctuations from the mirror, for each QPD (program script attached). The goal of the program is to find the optimal combination of L0, L1, L2, and f2 that cancels the fluctuations from the laser beam (while retaining  solely the fluctuations from the mirror) when adding the fluctuations of QPD 1 and QPD 2 together. 

By running this program for different combinations of distances and focal lengths, I have found that the following values should work to cancel out the effects of the oscillations from the HeNe laser beam (assuming a focal length of 0.2 m for the lens in front of the original QPD):

  • L0 = 1.0000 m (distance from laser tube to mirror)
  • L1 = 0.8510 m (distance from mirror to lens in front of QPD 1)
  • L2 = 0.9319 m (distance from beamsplitter to lens in front of QPD 2)
  • f2 = 0.3011 m (focal length of lens in front of QPD 2)

Based on these calculations, I propose to try the following lens for QPD 2:

1’’ UV Fused Silica Plano-Convex Lens, AR-Coated: 350 - 700 nm (focal length 0.3011 m). https://www.thorlabs.com/newgrouppage9.cfm?objectgroup_id=6508

Attachment 1: angelinaCode.py.tar.bz2
  13699   Thu Mar 22 17:47:16 2018 Angelina PanSummary Proposed QPD Optical Arrangement
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IMG_0869.jpg
  14476   Fri Mar 8 08:40:26 2019 AnjaliConfiguration Frequency stabilization of 1 micron source

The schematic of the homodyne configuration is shown below.

Following are the list of components

Item Quantity Availability Part number  Remarks
Laser (NPRO) 1 Yes    
Couplers (50/50) 5 3 No's FOSC-2-64-50-L-1-H64F-2 Fiber type : Hi1060 Flex fiber
Delay fiber  two loops of 80 m Yes PM 980

 

One set of fiber is now kept along the arm of the interferometer

InGaAs PD (BW > 100 MHz) 4 Yes NF1611

Fiber coupled (3 No's)

Free space ( 2 No's)

SR560 3 Yes    
  • The fiber mismatch between the couplers and the delay fiber could affect the coupling efficiency
Attachment 1: Homodyne_setup.png
Homodyne_setup.png
  14479   Thu Mar 14 23:26:47 2019 AnjaliUpdateALSALS delay line electronics

Attachment #1 shows the schematic of the test setup. Signal generator (Marconi) was used to supply the RF input. We observed the IF output in the following three test conditions.

  1. Observed the spectrum with FM modulation (fcarrier of 40 MHz and fmod of 221 Hz )- a peak at 221 Hz was observed.
  2. Observed the noise spectrum without FM modulation.
  3. Observed the noise spectrum after disconnecting the delayed output of the delay line. 
  • It is observed that the broad band noise level is higher without FM modulation (2) compared to that we observed after disconnecting the delayed output of the delay line (3).
  • It is also observed that the noise level is increasing with increase in RF input power. 
  • We need to find the reason for increase in broad band noise .
Attachment 1: test_setup_ALS_delay_line_electronics.pdf
test_setup_ALS_delay_line_electronics.pdf
  14481   Sun Mar 17 13:35:39 2019 AnjaliUpdateALSPower splitter characterization

We characterized the power splitter ( Minicircuit- ZAPD-2-252-S+). The schematic of the measurement setup is shown in attachment #1. The network/spectrum/impedance analyzer (Agilent 4395A) was used in the network analyzer mode for the characterisation. The RF output is enabled in the network analyser mode. We used an other spliiter (Power splitter #1) to splitt the RF power such that one part goes to the network analzer and the other part goes to the power spliiter (Power splitter #2) . We are characterising power splitter #2 in this test. The characterisation results and comparison with the data sheet values are shown in Attachment # 2-4.

Attachment #2 : Comparison of total loss in port 1 and 2

Attachment #3 : Comparison of amplitude unbalance

Attachment #4 : Comparison of phase unbalance

  • From the data sheet: the splitter is wideband, 5 to 2500 MHz, useable from 0.5 to 3000 MHz. We performd the measurement from 1 MHz to 500 MHz (limited by the band width of the network analyzer).
  • It can be seen from attachment #2 and #4 that there is a sudden increase below ~11 MHz. The reason for this is not clear to me
  • The mesured total loss value for port 1 and port 2 are slightly higher than that specified in the data sheet.From the data sheet, the maximum loss in port 1 and port 2 in the range at 450 MHz are 3.51 dB and 3.49 dB respectively. The measured values are 3.61 dB and 3.59 dB respectively for port 1 and port 2, which is higher than the values mentioed in the data sheet. It can also be seen from attachment #1 (b) that the expected trend in total loss with frequency is that the loss is decreasing with increase in frequency and we are observing the opposite trend in the frequency range 11-500 MHz. 
  • From the data sheet, the maximum amplitude balance in the 5 MHz-500 MHz range is 0.02 dB and the measured maximum value is 0.03 dB
  • Similary for the phase unbalance, the maximum value specified by the data sheet in the 5 MHz- 500 MHz range is 0.12 degree and the measurement shows a phase unbalance upto 0.7 degree in this frequency range
  • So the observations shows that the measured values are slighty higher than that specified in the data sheet values.
Attachment 1: Measurement_setup.pdf
Measurement_setup.pdf
Attachment 2: Total_loss.pdf
Total_loss.pdf
Attachment 3: Amplitude_unbalance.pdf
Amplitude_unbalance.pdf
Attachment 4: Phase_unbalance.pdf
Phase_unbalance.pdf
  14482   Sun Mar 17 21:06:17 2019 AnjaliUpdateALSAmplifier characterisation

The goal was to characterise the new amplifier (AP1053). For a practice, I did the characterisation of the old amplifier.This test is similar to that reported in Elog ID 13602.

  • Attachment #1 shows the schematic of the setup for gain characterisation and Attachment #2 shows the results of gain characterisation. 
  • The gain measurement is comparable with the previous results. From the data sheet, 10 dB gain is guaranteed in the frequency range 10-450 MHz. From our observation, the gain is not flat pver this region. We have measured a maximum gain of 10.7 dB at 6 MHz and it has then decreased upto 8.5 dB at 500 MHz
  • Attachement #3 shows the schematic of the setup for the noise characterisation and Attachment # 4 shows the results of noise measurment. 
  • The noise measurement doesn't look fine. We probably have to repeat this measurement.
Attachment 1: Gain_measurement.pdf
Gain_measurement.pdf
Attachment 2: Amplifier_gain.pdf
Amplifier_gain.pdf
Attachment 3: noise_measurement.pdf
noise_measurement.pdf
Attachment 4: noise_characterisation.pdf
noise_characterisation.pdf
  14504   Sun Mar 31 18:39:45 2019 AnjaliUpdateAUXAUX laser fiber moved from AS table to PSL table
  • Attachment #1 shows the schematic of the experimental setup for the frequency noise measurement of 1 um laser source.

  • AUX laser will be used as the seed source and it is already coupled to a 60 m fiber (PM980). The other end of the fiber was at the AS table and we have now removed it and placed in the PSL table.

  • Attachment # 2 shows the photograph of the experimental setup. The orange line shows the beam that is coupled to the delayed arm of MZI and the red dotted line shows the undelayed path.

  • As mentioned, AUX is already coupled to the 60 m fiber and the other end of the fiber is now moved to the PSL table. This end needs to be collimated. We are planning to take the same collimator from AS table where it was coupled into before. The position where the collimator to be installed is shown in attachment #2. Also, we need to rotate the mirror (as indicated in attachment #2) to get the delayed beam along with the undelayed beam and then to combine them. As indicated in attachment #2, we can install one more photo diode to perform  balanced detection.

  • We need to decide on which photodetector to be used. It could be NF1801 or PDA255.

  • We also performed the power measurement at different locations in the beam path. The different locations at which power measurement is done is shown attachment #3

  • There is an AOM in the beam path that coupled to the delayed arm of MZI. The output beam after AOM was coupled to the zero-order port during this measurement. That is the input voltage to the AOM was at 0 V, which essentially says that the beam after the AOM is not deflected and it is coupled to the zero-order port. The power levels measured at different locations in this condition are as follows. A)282 mW B)276 mW C)274 mW D)274 mW E)273 mW F)278 mW G)278 mW H)261 mW I)263 mW J)260 mW K)131 mW L)128 mW M)127 mW N)130 mW

  • It can be seen that the power is halved from J to K. This because of a neutral density filter in the path of the beam

  • In this case, we measured a power of 55 mW at the output of the delayed fiber. We then adjusted the input voltage to the AOM driver to 1 V such that the output of AOM is coupled to the first order port. This reduced the power level in the zero-order port of AOM that is coupled to the delayed arm of the MZI. In this case we measured a power of 0.8 mW at the output of delayed fiber.

  •  We must be careful about the power level that is reaching the photodetector such that it should not exceed the damage threshold of the detector.

  • The power measured at the output of undelayed path is 0.8 mW.

  • We also must place the QWP and HWP in the beam path to align the polarisation.

Quote:

[anjali, gautam]

To facilitate the 1um MZ frequency stabilization project, I decided that the AUX laser was a better candidate than any of the other 3 active NPROs in the lab as (i) it is already coupled into a ~60m long fiber, (ii) the PSL table has the most room available to set up the readout optics for the delayed/non-delayed beams and (iii) this way I can keep working on the IR ALS system in parallel. So we moved the end of the fiber from the AS table to the SE corner of the PSL table. None of the optics mode-matching the AUX beam to the interferometer were touched, and we do not anticipate disturbing the input coupling into the fiber either, so it should be possible to recover the AUX beam injection into the IFO relatively easily.

Anjali is going to post detailed photos, beam layout, and her proposed layout/MM solutions later today. The plan is to use free space components for everything except the fiber delay line, as we have these available readily. It is not necessarily the most low-noise option, but for a first pass, maybe this is sufficient and we can start building up a noise budget and identify possible improvements.

The AUX laser remians in STANDBY mode for now. HEPA was turned up while working at the PSL table, and remains on high while Anjali works on the layout.

 

Attachment 1: Schematic_of_experimental_setup_for_frequency_stabilisation_of_1_micron_source.png
Schematic_of_experimental_setup_for_frequency_stabilisation_of_1_micron_source.png
Attachment 2: 1_micron_setup_for_frequency_noise_measurement.JPG
1_micron_setup_for_frequency_noise_measurement.JPG
Attachment 3: 1_micron_setup_for_frequency_noise_measurement_power_levels.png
1_micron_setup_for_frequency_noise_measurement_power_levels.png
  14518   Fri Apr 5 11:40:57 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source
  • Attachment #1 shows the present experimental setup. The photodiode is now replaced with PDA255. The farther end of the fiber (output of the delayed arm) is coupled through a collimator and aligned such that the beam from the delayed path fall on the detector along with the undelayed path of MZI. We tried to measure the frequency noise of the laser with this setup, but we didn’t get anything sensible.
  • One of the main draw backs of the measurement was the polarisation was not aligned properly in the setup. So, then the next step was to identify the polarisation at different locations in the beam path and to maximise the polarisation to either S or P component.

  • So, we introduced HWP at the input beam path after isolator as shown in attachment #1. Also, the polarisation was tested at positions P1, P2, P3, and P4 shown in attachment #1 by placing a polarisation beam splitter at these locations and then by observing the transmitted (P component) and reflected light (S component) using power meter.

  • The observations at different locations are as the follows

Position Input power (mW) P component (mW) S component (mW)
P1 279 145 123
P2 255 113 137
P3 129 67 58
P4 124 66 53

 

  • These observations show that the P and S components are almost equal, and this is not a good polarisation arrangement. At this point, we also had to check whether the incoming beam is linearly polarised or not.

  • To test the same, the PBS was placed at position P1 and the P and S components were observed with power meter as the HWP is rotated.Attachment # 2 shows the results of the same, that is the variation in P and S component as the HWP is rotated.

  • This result clearly shows that the input beam is linearly polarised. The HWP was then adjusted such that the P component is maximum and coupled to the MZI. With this orientation of HWP, the polarisation observed at different positions P1, P2, P3, and P4 are as follows.

Position Input (mW) P component (mW) S component (mW)
P1 283 276 5
P2 248 228 7
P3 126 121 2
P4 128 117 1
  • This shows that the polarisation is linearly polarised as well as it is oriented along the P direction (parallel to the optical table).

  • We have the polarisation maintaining fiber (PM 980) as the delay fiber. The polarisation of the light as it propagates through a PM fiber depends on how well the input beam is coupled to the axis (slow or fast) of the fiber. So, the next task was to couple the light to one of the axes of the fiber.

  • The alignment key on the fiber is a good indication of the axis of the fiber. In our case, the alignment key lines up with the slow axis of the fiber. We decided to couple the light to the fast axis of the fiber. Since the incoming beam is P polarised, the output fiber coupler was  aligned such that the fast axis is parallel to optical table as possible.

  • A PBS was then introduced after the fiber output collimator . There is a HWP (marked as HWP2 in attachment 1) in front of the input coupler of the fiber as well. This HWP was then rotated and observed the P and S component from the PBS that is now placed after the output coupler with a power meter.The idea was , when the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber, we will see the maximum at the P componet at the output

  • Attachment # 3 shows the observation. 

  • In this way I tried to find the orientation of the HWP2 such that the P component is maximum at the output. But I was not succeeded in this method and observed that the output was fluctuating when the fiber was disturbed. One  doubt we had was whether the fiber is PM or not . Thus we checked the fiber end with fiber microscope and confirmed that it is PM fiber. 

  • Thus, we modifed the setup as shown in attachement # 4.The photodetector (PDA55) was monitoring the S component and the output of the detector was observed on an oscilloscope. We rotated the HWP2 such that the S component is almost minimum. At the same time, we were disturbing the fiber and was observing whether the output is fluctuating. The HWP2 angle was tweaked around the minimum of S component and observed the output with disturbing the fiber. This way we found the orientation of HWP2  such that the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber and the output was not fluctuating while we disturb the fiber. We tested it  by heating the fiber with a heat gun as well and confirmed that the output is not fluctuating and thus the light is coupled to the fast axis of the fiber.

Attachment 1: Modified_experimental_setup.JPG
Modified_experimental_setup.JPG
Attachment 2: Checking_polarisation.pdf
Checking_polarisation.pdf
Attachment 3: Checking_the_polarisation_alignment_of_the_delay_fiber.pdf
Checking_the_polarisation_alignment_of_the_delay_fiber.pdf
Attachment 4: Setup_to_test_the_polarisation_alignment_of_delay_fiber.JPG
Setup_to_test_the_polarisation_alignment_of_delay_fiber.JPG
  14520   Sat Apr 6 02:07:40 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source
  • The alignment of the output beam from the delayed path of MZI to the photodetector was disturbed when we did the polarisation characterisation yesterday. So, today we tried to align the output beam from the delayed path of MZI to the detector .
  • We then observed the beat output from the detector on oscilloscope.We initialy observed a dc shift . We then applied a frequency modulation on the input laser and observed the output on oscilloscope. We expected to see variation in output frequency in accordance with variation of input frequency modulation. But we didnt observe this and we were not really getting the interference pattern. 
  • We tried to make the alignment better. With a better alignment, we could see the interference pattern. We also observed that the output frequency was varying in accordance with variation in the input frequency modulation. We would expect a better result with proper mode matching of the two beams on the photodetector.
  14529   Wed Apr 10 00:33:09 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source
  • Attachement #1 shows the input (ch4-green) modulation frequency and the photodiode output (ch1-yellow) when the modulation frequency is about 100 Hz
  • Attachement #2 shows the input (ch4-green) modulation frequency and the photodiode output (ch1-yellow) when the modulation frequency is about 30 Hz
  • The output frequency is varying in accordance with variation in modulation frequency. It is observed that, for a given modulation frequency also, the output frequency is fluctuating. There could be multiple reasons for this behaviour. One of the main reasons is the frequency noise of the laser itself. Also, there could be acoustic noise coupled to the system (eg, by change in length of the fiber).
  • The experimental setup is then modified as shown in attachment #3. The thick beam spliiter is replaced with a thinner one. The mount is also changed such that the transmitted beam can be now coupled to an other photodiode (earlier  the transmitted light was blocked by the mount). One more photodiode (PDA55) is introduced .So now the two photodiodes in the setup are PDA520 and PDA 55. 
  • We then applied frequency modulation on the input laser and observed the output of the two photodiodes. But we didn't get the results as we expected and observed earlier (shown in attachment #1 &2). Looks like, the problem is poor mode matching between the two beams. 
Quote:
  • The alignment of the output beam from the delayed path of MZI to the photodetector was disturbed when we did the polarisation characterisation yesterday. So, today we tried to align the output beam from the delayed path of MZI to the detector .
  • We then observed the beat output from the detector on oscilloscope.We initialy observed a dc shift . We then applied a frequency modulation on the input laser and observed the output on oscilloscope. We expected to see variation in output frequency in accordance with variation of input frequency modulation. But we didnt observe this and we were not really getting the interference pattern. 
  • We tried to make the alignment better. With a better alignment, we could see the interference pattern. We also observed that the output frequency was varying in accordance with variation in the input frequency modulation. We would expect a better result with proper mode matching of the two beams on the photodetector.
Attachment 1: Modulation_frequency_100Hz.jpg
Modulation_frequency_100Hz.jpg
Attachment 2: Modulation_frequency_30Hz.jpg
Modulation_frequency_30Hz.jpg
Attachment 3: Modified_setup.JPG
Modified_setup.JPG
  14534   Thu Apr 11 09:05:06 2019 AnjaliUpdateIOOSpooled fiber
  • Attchment #1,2,3 and 4 shows the results with frequency modulation of 32 Hz, 140 Hz , 300 Hz and without frequency modulation. I am trying to understand these results better.
  • A lot of fringing is there even when no modulation is applied. We hope to improve this by spooling the fiber and then encasing it in a box. 
  • As mentioned by Gautam, we have got a 50 m spooled fiber. Attachment #5 shows the photo of the same
Quote:

Steve had showed me some stock of long fibers a while back - they are from Oz Optics, and are 50m long, and are already spooled - so barring objections, we will try the MZ setup with the spooled fiber and see if there is any improvement in the fringing rate of the MZ. Then we can evaluate what additional stabilization of the fiber length is required. Anjali will upload a photo of the spooled fiber.

Attachment 1: Frequecy_modulation_32_Hz.pdf
Frequecy_modulation_32_Hz.pdf
Attachment 2: Frequecy_modulation_140_Hz.pdf
Frequecy_modulation_140_Hz.pdf
Attachment 3: Frequecy_modulation_300_Hz.pdf
Frequecy_modulation_300_Hz.pdf
Attachment 4: Without_modulation.pdf
Without_modulation.pdf
Attachment 5: New_fiber_spool.JPG
New_fiber_spool.JPG
  14540   Fri Apr 12 01:22:27 2019 AnjaliUpdateFrequency noise measurementFrequency noise measurement of 1 micron source

The alignement was disturbed after the replcement of the beam splitter. We tried to get the alignment back . But we are not succeeded yet in getting good interfernce pattern. This is mainly because of poor mode matching of two beams. We will also try with the spooled fiber.

Quote:

 

  • The experimental setup is then modified as shown in attachment #3. The thick beam spliiter is replaced with a thinner one. The mount is also changed such that the transmitted beam can be now coupled to an other photodiode (earlier  the transmitted light was blocked by the mount). One more photodiode (PDA55) is introduced .So now the two photodiodes in the setup are PDA520 and PDA 55. 
 
 
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