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ID Date Author Type Category Subjectup
  3856   Wed Nov 3 19:14:00 2010 ranaUpdatePSLPMC mode matching update

I moved the lens just before the PMC to check the mode matching landscape. The PMC trans went up from ~6.5 to ~6.8. That's 5% with ~1 hour of work.

As per the micrometer, this took ~7-8 mm of travel. Since there's so much power left in the HOMs, we we we will have to do a proper mode scan and re-calculate the solution.

The measured transmission is now ~610 mW. The power reflected from the PMC with it unlocked is ~1400 mW.

  15139   Wed Jan 22 11:22:39 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC modulation depth measurement


I estimate the PMC servo modulation depth to be approximately 50 mrad. This is only 15% lower than what was measured in Jan 2018, and cannot explain the ~x50 reduction of optical gain measured earlier in this thread. Later in the day, I also confirmed that the LO input to the ZAD-6 mixer is +7 dBm. So the crystal is not to blame.


  1. PSL frequency is locked to the IMC length.
  2. Arm lengths are locked to the PSL frequency using POX/POY.
  3. EX green laser locked to the X arm length using end PDH servo. GTRX was ~0.4 in this measurement, which is the nominal value.
  4. The 20dB coupled port of the beat between the EX and PSL lasers was monitored using the AG4395A in "Spectrum" units.
  5. The beat was set at ~90 MHz, and a spectrum was taken for ~100 MHz span centered at the beat frequency.
  6. The modulation depth is estimated by considering the ratio of power at the beat frequency relative to that 35.5 MHz away. See Attachment #1.

Assuming a finesse of 700 for the PMC, we expect an optical gain of 2*Pin*J0(50e-3)*J1(50e-3)/fp  ~ 1.2e-7 W/Hz (=0.089 GW/m). I can't find a measurement of the PMC RFPD transimpedance to map this onto a V/Hz value. 

Attachment 1: modDepth.pdf
  9421   Thu Nov 21 16:32:20 2013 SteveUpdateIOOPMC needs a touch of love


 The PMC power degrading on this 3 days plot. MC2 -T = 14,200 counts. C1:IOO-MC_TRANS_SUM can not be ploted in dataviewer. The MEDM screen has a valid number.

Initial pointing is not so bad (what does "not so bad" mean ???)

C1iscey comes and goes again.


Attachment 1: PMCplus.png
  662   Sat Jul 12 23:28:31 2008 ranaUpdatePSLPMC needs help
As everyone has noticed recently, the PMC seems to have a PZT problem. It often zooms
of to one of its rails after locking as if the PZT range has decreased dramatically.

WE should check this on Monday by disabling the FSS and applying a slow triangle wave to
the NPRO frequency. The PMC will track this frequency change and this will allow us to
diagnose its problems.

If it has real problems, I have a spare in W. Bridge which we can swap in temporarily.

The attached plot shows 3 years of trend; looks like it went bad in summer of last year.

This also seems to be the cause of our ISS saturation problems: lowering the gain of the PMC
even slightly increased the intensity noise enough to cause saturation. Increasing the gain
even slightly increased the intensity noise enough to cause saturation due to PMC servo oscillation.
Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  4798   Thu Jun 9 10:38:30 2011 steveUpdatePSLPMC needs help

The PMC is losing power.

Attachment 1: pmcnothp.jpg
  8542   Tue May 7 18:42:20 2013 JamieUpdatePSLPMC not locking

I'm just now realizing that the PMC has also not been locked since noon today, and doesn't seem to be responding to anything right now.

wtf is going on here?

  3817   Fri Oct 29 04:24:34 2010 KojiUpdateIOOPMC output increased: need attention

[Kevin Koji]

- The PBS alignment increased the transmitted power

- The first faraday and the PMC EOM were realigned.

- The transmission of the PMC increased from ~5.4V to ~6.5V.

Thus we need to pay attention to the incident beam power on to the MC
so that it does not exceed the power of 20-40mW.

Kevin will give us the detail of the work.

  8077   Wed Feb 13 16:31:08 2013 JenneUpdatePSLPMC pitch input tuned, MC yaw input tuned

[Jenne, Yuta]

I looked at PMCR camera on the MC1 tv, and tweaked up the beam going into the PMC - it only needed a little bit of pitch.

Yuta and I measured the MC spots, determined (consistent with my measurements this morning) that they were only off in yaw.  We touched the 2nd steering mirror in the zigzag on the PSL table in yaw a small amount (top of knob away from me), realigned the MC, and things were good.  The plot is zoomed in to show only measurements taken today.  2 in the morning, before anything in the IFO room was touched.  1 this afternoon after tweaking PMC.  1st attempt at PSL beam tweaking was successful, 2nd measurement confirms it wasn't a fluke.


  116   Tue Nov 20 10:11:33 2007 JohnSummaryPSLPMC pole measurements
We measured the PMC pole in the following way.

1. Reduced laser power by rotating lambda/2 plate at laser output. Thermal effects in the PZT distort resonance peaks. Reducing power too much leads to problems with digitisation error.

2. Sweep NPRO PZT (C1: PSL-FSS_INOFFSET) using trianglewave. Record ramp, PMC transmission and reference cavity transmission ('C1: PSL-FSS_FAST','C1: PSL-ISS_INMONPD_F','C1: PSL-FSS_RCTRANSPD_F).

3. Since the PZT cannot sweep a full FSR in the PMC we looked at the sideband resonances within the reference cavity to calibrate the actuator.
Result: 7.35 +/- 0.22 MHz/V

4. Use #3 to calibrate the x axis of the PMC transmission.

5. Fit PMC resoances to an Airy function to get finesse. Take an average, weighted according to the resnorm. Calculate cavity pole frequency.
Result: 380kHz +/- 59kHz. This corresponds to a finesse of ~936. According to this plot the nominal pole is at 488kHz and the finesse is 732.

This is by no means a definitive measurement due to the misshapen resonance peaks recorded.
Attachment 1: FittedPMCPeak.jpg
  2155   Wed Oct 28 09:12:18 2009 steveUpdatePSLPMC power on the rise?

The PMC power is seems to be on the rise, ( MOPA_AMPMON is dropping ?) but I do not think it is real. We have Santa Anna wind condition, when the relative humidity drops and  ......

There is an other funky think. The room temp became rock solid. The PSL HEPAs running at 20% and IFO-room ACs are also in normal operational mode.

Attachment 1: pmcprising.jpg
  645   Tue Jul 8 08:16:56 2008 steveUpdatePSLPMC problem
The PMC is unhappy. PMC auto locker is not working.
DC output slider adjust has to be moved from rail to rail before it locks.

MZ is working great.
Attachment 1: pmc.jpg
  8545   Tue May 7 20:09:10 2013 Jamie, RanaUpdatePSLPMC problem was FSS slow actuator

Rana showed up and diagnosed the problem as a railed FSS SLOW output.  The SLOW Monitor about was showing ~6V, which is apparently a bad mode-hoppy place for the NPRO.  Reducing the SLOW output brought things back into a good range which allowed the PMC to lock again.

In attempting to diagnose the problem I noticed that there is -100 mV DC coming out of the PMC RFPD RF output.  This is not good, probably indicating a problem, and was what I thought was the PMC lock issue for a while.    Need to look at the PMC RFPD RF output.

  6995   Fri Jul 20 12:12:25 2012 ranaUpdatePSLPMC problems examined

Jenne, Den, Rana

The PMC transmission has been varying a lot and the MC seems unstable. Superstitious people might blame this on the El-nino or the alignment with Sagitarius, but we are ostensibly scientists.

WE found that the PMC EPICS values had not been toggled since the reboot and so the RF phase and Amplitude were totally wrong (we should replace this with a fixed oscillator box as we did with FSS).

Also, the NPRO SLOW slider was at -2 V which made the mode going into the PMC funny (although the mode was OK this morning before I started playing with the PMC sliders).

Before adjustment, there was a strong correlation between the seismic motions and the PMC reflection. This means that the PMC gain was low and it couldn't stay locked. Now, after fixing the RF and upping the gain slider it looks more stable. Let's watch it for a few days to see if there's an improvement in the trends.

The 10-minute trend of the lat 400 days shows that nothing has changed much this year; its been equally bad for a long while.

Attachment 1: Untitled.png
  6998   Sat Jul 21 14:05:21 2012 DenUpdatePSLPMC problems examined


WE found that the PMC EPICS values had not been toggled since the reboot and so the RF phase and Amplitude were totally wrong (we should replace this with a fixed oscillator box as we did with FSS).

Also, the NPRO SLOW slider was at -2 V which made the mode going into the PMC funny (although the mode was OK this morning before I started playing with the PMC sliders).

 PMC transmission is oscillating  in the range 0.5 - 0.85. PMC PZT voltage is 1-2 V.

FSS slow controls was -2.5 V. I adjusted it to 0 and PMC stabilized. PMC PZT voltage is 128, transmission is 0.845.

But most probably, slow control will drift again.


  9155   Tue Sep 24 10:55:45 2013 ranaUpdatePSLPMC re-aligned

After relocking the PMC at a good voltage, Steve and I re-aligned the beam into the PMC by walking the last two steering mirrors. After maximizing the power, we also aligned the reflected beam by maximizing the PMC_REFL_DC with the unlocked beam.

Transmission is back to 0.84 V. We need Valera mode matching maintenance to get higher I guess. Maybe we can get a little toaster to keep the PMC PZT more in the middle of its range?

Attachment 1: psl-trend.png
  15004   Thu Oct 31 10:44:40 2019 gautamUpdatePSLPMC re-locked

PMC got unlocked at ~4am. I re-locked it. Also tweaked the input pointing into the cavity. The misalignment was mostly in pitch.

There was also a loud buzzing in the control room due to the audio cable being improperly seated in the mixer. I re-seated it.

  15202   Mon Feb 10 10:07:20 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC re-locked

I found the PMC unlocked this morning. It was re-locked using the usual procedure. I feel like this has been happening more frequently in the last month than before. In the past, the cause seems to have been the PZT voltage drifting too close to one of the rails - however, in this case, it looks like an IMC unlock event is what triggered the PMC lockloss (admittedly the PZT voltage was somewhat close to the rail). It would be good if someone can re-connect the PMC Transmission photodiode, it was a useful diagnostic channel we had working fine before the ringdowns started.

I also tweaked the input pointing into the PMC and ran the WFS DC offset relief script.

Attachment 1: PMCunlock.png
  15662   Fri Nov 6 14:08:44 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC re-locked

The PMC servo railed and so I re-locked it at ~half range. I've been noticing that the diurnal drift of the PZT control voltage has been larger than usual - not sure if it's entirely correlated with temperature on the PSL table. Anyway the cavity is locked again so all is good.

  15570   Tue Sep 15 10:57:30 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC re-locked, RGA re-enabled

The PMC has been unlocked since September 11 sometime (summary pages are flaky again). I re-locked it just now. I didn't mess with the HEPA settings for now as I'm not using the IFO at the moment, so everything should be running in the configuration reported here. The particulate count numbers (both 0.3um and 0.5um) reported is ~x5-8 of what was reported on Thursday, September 10, after the HEPA filters were turned on. We don't have logging of this information in any automated way so it's hard to correlate things with the conditions in Pasadena. We also don't have a working gauge of the pressure of the vacuum envelope.

The RGA scanning was NOT enabled for whatever reason after the vacuum work. I re-enabled it, and opened VM1 to expose the RGA to the main volume. The unit may still be warming up but this initial scan doesn't look completely crazy compared to the reference trace which is supposedly from a normal time based on my elog scanning (the timestamp is inherited from the c0rga machine whose clock is a bit off).

Update 1500: I checked the particle count on the PSL table and it barely registers on the unit (between 0-20 between multiple trials) so I don't know if we need a better particle coutner or if there is negligible danger of damage to optics due to particulate matter.

Attachment 1: RGAscan.pdf
  9960   Fri May 16 00:25:53 2014 ranaUpdatePSLPMC realign

 Tonight I noticed that the drop in PMC transmission was ~1V, more than the usual of ~0.5V from the daily drift.

While re-aligning on the table, I noticed that the misalignment was not from either of the steering mirrors; i.e. I has to walk them both to get the alignment back. This implies that the misalignment is generated far upstream. Maybe the the laser itself is moving. We need some updates from Steve's laser misalignment tracker.

  6153   Tue Dec 27 23:03:56 2011 kiwamuUpdatePSLPMC realigned

I have realigned the steering mirrors for PMC because the transmitted light had been at ~ 0.741

After the alignment it went back to ~ 0.850.

  6350   Mon Mar 5 03:22:54 2012 kiwamuUpdatePSLPMC realigned

I realigned the steering mirrors for the PMC. The trans value went up from 0.79 to 0.83.

The misalignment was largely in the pitch direction.

  10885   Fri Jan 9 19:18:51 2015 JenneUpdatePSLPMC realigned

A few hours ago I tweaked up the alignment to the PMC.  It was really bad in pitch, and the transmission was down to about 0.711.

  10909   Thu Jan 15 19:01:30 2015 ericqUpdatePSLPMC realigned

PMC realigned again... The transmission was down to 0.70, and the MC was having a hard time trying to autolock.

  6217   Mon Jan 23 15:43:47 2012 JenneUpdateIOOPMC realignment


I realigned the incident beam to PMC at 23:30. The transmitted light went up from 0.78 to 0.83.

 Do we have PSL pos and ang QPD trends?  We should start watching them, because the PMC drifted back down to 0.76 transmission, ~3.5 days after Kiwamu realigned it (his elog is from last Thurs).  Not so awesome.

I walked through the control room just now and found both PMC and MC unlocked.  They're both locked now, but with PMC transmission 0.76, MC transmission ~24,500.

  6218   Mon Jan 23 23:12:00 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOPMC realignment

I have realigned the beam pointing to PMC. The transmitted light increased from 0.74 to 0.83.

The misalignment was mainly in pitch.

  15247   Wed Mar 4 11:16:37 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC realignment

I realigned the input pointing into the PMC this morning. Usually, the way I do this is to minimize any discernible mode structure in the PMC reflection CCD image. Today, I noticed that making the DC reflection go down also makes the DC transmission go down. Possibilities:

  • we are sampling slightly different spots inside the PMC cavity which change the buildup by ~2-3%.
  • we are misaligned on the transmission/reflection photodiode.
  • ??
Attachment 1: PMCrealignment.png
  6213   Thu Jan 19 23:34:52 2012 kiwamuUpdateIOOPMC realignment and HEPA

I realigned the incident beam to PMC at 23:30. The transmitted light went up from 0.78 to 0.83.

Also I decreased the HEPA level down to 20 % for the night time locking.

  9329   Fri Nov 1 19:09:01 2013 rana, evanConfigurationPSLPMC reflected beam nonsense

 While looking at the PMC REFL beam for the AOM diffracted beam, we noticed that although only one beam exists between the PMC and the first steering mirror, there are two afterwards and they both go to the PMC REFL  RFPD!!! This is madness. We only want one beam on our PDH diode.

The reason that we have two beams is that that first steering mirrors is actually a (W1-PW-1025-UV-1064-45P) non-wedged window with an AR coating on only one side. So two beams come out of it. There is a terrible and floppy and illegal anodized aluminum dump close to this beam which *someone* probably intended to use as a "scraper" to get rid of one of the beams.

Black anodized aluminum is a horrible beam dump material at 1064 - its about as grey as Steve's chair. And its so soft that it scatters light back into the PMC and makes more acoustic noise. And it is mounted so poorly (only one screw) that it can easily be bumped and twist and miss the beam. Punchline: only use anodized aluminum dumps for stray light around cameras or for HeNe for OL. Its NOT allowed anywhere where we care about interferometry of NIR beams.

It was also set to dump the dimmer beam. On Monday, we should order ~5 W1 and get them with a wedge of 1-2 deg. Then we use a black glass dump for the dim beam and orient the bright one to hit the REFL camera and the PMC REFL PD.

For the weekend, I have adjusted the crappy grey aluminum flapper to catch the bright beam so that the PMC REFL image no longer shows the interference fringe of two beams. Lets see how the PMC drifts over the next 3 days.

  9094   Mon Sep 2 15:22:57 2013 JenneUpdatePSLPMC relocked

 The PMC was locked on an LG 10 mode (or something like it), for at least the last 8 hours.  I relocked it on the regular 00 mode, and it's fine now.  

Also, in CDS news, I did an mxstream restart (the RCG upgrade is supposed to make this not an issue anymore...), and did a "diag reset" afterwards, and all of the IPC errors except for one in the LSC model have gone away (OAF is still not running....on my to-do list, but not super high priority).

  9907   Sun May 4 14:20:04 2014 ericqUpdateIOOPMC relocked

The PMC has been unlocked for ~23 hours. FSS slow was at ~-1.5 V. I zeroed it, and relocked the PMC, transmission is ~0.81V. MC with WFS came back fine.

  9986   Wed May 21 22:15:37 2014 ericqUpdatePSLPMC relocked

PMC has been unlocked for ~4hrs, not sure why. It's servo gain was down at -10dB...

Relocked with transmission of .76V, MC locks fine with WFS, transmission of 15.5k.

  9993   Mon May 26 20:10:14 2014 ericqUpdatePSLPMC relocked

I came in and PMC transmission was at 0.5V, and ETMX was swinging around a lot, (LSC mode was on). 

Turning off oplevs let ETMX calm down. I realigned the PMC to 0.82V. 

MC wouldn't relock, it looked misaligned in pitch and yaw on MC camera.

I've touched the alignment, and gotten the reflection below 0.5, but it unlocks periodically, spot positions aren't great, and turning on WFS throws it out of alignment. ughhhhh

  11127   Tue Mar 10 14:47:05 2015 manasaUpdatePSLPMC relocked

PMC was locked in a bad state. FSS slow actuator adjust was at ~ -0.7 and PZT voltage at ~45.

So I set these right by moving the appropriate sliders and relocked it. FSS slow actuator adjust brought back to zero and PZT voltage ~115. PMC trans after relock is 0.789.

  12032   Sat Mar 12 22:23:37 2016 ranaSummaryIOOPMC relocked

Found it locked on TEM01 mode.

Sweets in the fridge for non-PhD holders, courtesy of the highest levels of Caltech.

  688   Thu Jul 17 08:30:15 2008 steveUpdatePSLPMC relocked manually
The PMC pzt HV and the servo gain adj. are railing at max this morning

Why is it on the decreasing side of FSS_RTTEMP slope?
Attachment 1: pmc4d.jpg
  9944   Tue May 13 00:46:58 2014 ranaHowToPSLPMC relocking

The PMC runs out of range sometimes due to the daily temperature swing. The voltage swings up after sunset and then starts to swing down before sunrise. So when you relock the PMC at the beginning of the locking night, the mnemonic from the PMC is:

Sun Go Low, Lock Me Voltage Low.

  10800   Mon Dec 15 22:40:09 2014 ranaSummaryPSLPMC restored

 Found that the PMC gain has been set to 5.3 dB instead of 10 dB since 9 AM this morning, with no elog entry.


I also re-aligned the beam into the PMC to minimize the reflection. It was almost all in pitch.

  10140   Mon Jul 7 16:39:09 2014 manasaUpdatePSLPMC ringdown setup

I moved stuff on the PSL table to accommodate the PMC ringdown setup.

I used the beam that leaks from the steering mirror at the PMC transmission that was dumped to a razor blade dump. I installed a Y1 to steer the beam to the ringdown PD. Power in the beam 75mW.

Results are in here elog 

Attachment 1: PMC_ring.png
  10149   Mon Jul 7 23:19:55 2014 ranaUpdatePSLPMC ringdown setup


I moved stuff on the PSL table to accommodate the PMC ringdown setup.

I used the beam that leaks from the steering mirror at the PMC transmission that was dumped to a razor blade dump. I installed a Y1 to steer the beam to the ringdown PD. Power in the beam 75mW. 

 I am guessing that 75 mW will burn / destroy any Thorlabs PD. I hope that mW is supposed to be uW.

  10164   Wed Jul 9 16:33:05 2014 manasaUpdatePSLPMC ringdown setup



I moved stuff on the PSL table to accommodate the PMC ringdown setup.

I used the beam that leaks from the steering mirror at the PMC transmission that was dumped to a razor blade dump. I installed a Y1 to steer the beam to the ringdown PD. Power in the beam 75mW. 

 I am guessing that 75 mW will burn / destroy any Thorlabs PD. I hope that mW is supposed to be uW.

 It was ~7.5mW and measured ~2V at the PD output (given its range 0-5V ) on the oscilloscope . So PD is safe !

  767   Wed Jul 30 13:09:40 2008 josephb, EricConfigurationPSLPMC scan experiment
We turned the PSL power down by a factor of 4, blocked one half of the Mach Zehnder and scanned the PMC by applying a ramp signal to PMC PZT. Eric will adding plots later today of those results.

We returned the power to close to original level and removed the block on the Mach Zehnder, and then relocked the PMC.
  984   Tue Sep 23 11:17:59 2008 steveUpdatePSLPMC scattering spot
The PMC output side has a new madly scattering spot at chamfer 2 o'clock position
Attachment 1: rainbow.png
Attachment 2: pmcclip.png
  879   Mon Aug 25 14:18:36 2008 JenneUpdatePSLPMC servo board is fixed
The PMC servo board is back in place, all fixed up with a shiny new resistor. The PMC locks, and the MC locks (I'm not saying anything either way about how long the MC will stay locked, but it is locked for now). The resistor is connected to the connector using a short piece of wire, so this problem won't happen again, at least with this connector on this board.
  11780   Wed Nov 18 16:51:58 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC servo calibration


The PMC servo error (MIX OUT MON on the panel) and actuation (HV OUT MON) have been calibrated using the swept cavity.

Error signal slope in round-trip displacement: 2.93e9 +/- 0.05e9 [V/m]
HV OUT calibration (round-trip displacement): 5.36e-7 +/- 0.17e-7 [m/V]
PZT calibration (round-trip displacement): 10.8 +/- 0.3 [nm/V]
=> corresponds to ~2.5 fringes for 0~250V full range => not crazy

Measurement condition

The transmission level: 0.743V (on the PMC MEDM screen)
LO level: ~13dBm (after 3dB attenuation)
Phase setting: 5.7
PMC Servo gain: 7dB during the measurement (nominal 3dB)


- Chose PMC actuation "BLANK" to disable servo
- Connect DS345 function generator to EXT DC input on the panel
- Monitor "MIX OUT MON" and "HV OUT MON" with an oscilloscope
- Inject a triangular wave with ~1Vpp@1 or 2Hz with appropriate offset to see the cavity resonance at about the middle of the sweep.
  The frequency of the sweep was decided considering the LPF corner freq formed by the output impedance and the capacitance of the PZT. (i.e. 11.3Hz, see next entry)


- 4 sweep was taken (one 2Hz seep, three 1Hz sweep)
- The example of the sweep is shown in the attachment.
- The input triangular wave and the PDH slopes were fitted by linear lines.
- Spacing between the sideband zero crossing corresponds to twice of the modulation frequency (2x35.5MHz = 71MHz)
- The error signal slope was calibrated as V/MHz
- FSR of the PMC is given by google https://www.google.com/search?q=LIGO+pmc.m
  => Cavity round trip length is 0.4095m, FSR is 732.2MHz
- Convert frequency into round-trip displacement

- Convert HV OUT MON signal into displacement in the same way.
- The voltage applied to the PZT element is obtained considering the ratio of 49.6 between the actual HV and the HV OUT MON voltage.

Attachment 1: PMC_err_cal.pdf
  10169   Wed Jul 9 21:43:41 2014 JenneUpdateElectronicsPMC servo card modifications in DCC

[Rana, Jenne]

We have decided to keep better track (using new-fangled digital "computers") of our modifications to electronics boards. 

The idea will be to create a new DCC document for every electronics board (when we pull a board and modify it, it should receive this treatment) that we have, and that document will become a history of the board's life.  Version 1 will be a copy of the original drawing.  Version 2 should be a modified version of that drawing with the current situation.  All future versions should be modified from the most recent version, to reflect any changes.  Notes for each updated version should include an elog reference to the work, so that we know why we did things, and have a place to find photos of the actual modifications.  Elogs should also include a link to the DCC version.  DCC titles should include the phrase "40m Revisions" for ease of searching.

Patient Zero for this new system will be the PMC servo card.  The DCC number is D1400221.  As of this moment, this just has the V1 original drawing with no modifications.

This has been included in the 40m's DCC document tree that Jamie started back in November 2012.

  15156   Sun Jan 26 13:47:00 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC servo characterization


  1. I investigated the stage-by-stage transfer functions of the PMC servo up till the HV stage. See Attachment #1. There were no unexpected features.
  2. I replaced the AD602 used to implement the VGA capability. After the replacement, the gain of the VGA stage had the desired performance, see Attachment #2, Attachment #3.
  3. The servo board was re-installed and the OLTF of the PMC loop was measured. See Attachment #4.

​To avoid driving the PA85 without the HV rails connected, I removed R23. This was re-installed after my characterization.

Input stage:

Since we do the demodulation of the PMC PDH signal off this servo board, the I/F mixer output is connected to the "FP1test" front panel LEMO input.

  • A DG190 is used to enable/disable this path.
  • Initially I tried checking the enable/disable functionality by measuring the resistance across the IC's I/O pins. However, this method does not work - the resistance read off from a DMM varied from ~23 ohms in the "ON" state to ~123 ohms in the "OFF" state. While the former value is consistent with the spec, the latter is confusing.
  • But I confirmed that the switch does indeed isolate the input in the "OFF" state by injecting a signal with a function generator (100 Hz sine wave, 100mVpp) and monitoring the output on an oscilloscope.

Electronic TFs:

Using some Pomona mini-grabbers, I measured the electronic TFs between various points on the circuit. There were no unexpected features, the TFs all have the expected shape as per the annotations on the DCC schematic. I did not measure down to 0.1 Hz to confirm the low frequency pole implemented by U6, and I also didn't measure the RF low pass filter at the input stage (expected corner frequency is 1 MHz). 

VGA characterization:

After replacing the IC, I measured the transfer function between TP1 and TP2 for various values of the control voltage applied to pin 4A on the P1 connector, varying between +/- 5 V DC. 

  • Pin 9A on the P1 connector has to be grounded for the signal to be allowed to pass through the VGA. 
  • Note that there is an overall gain of -1/10 applied to the control voltage between pin 4A and pin #1 of the AD602, which is what actually sets the gain.
  • Furthermore, the input impedance of the AD602 is spec-ed to be 100 ohms. Because of the series resistance of 500 ohms from TP1 to the input of the AD602 (so that the upstream OP27 isn't overdrawn for current), the relation between the control voltage applied to Pin 4A and gain (measured between TP1 and TP2) is modified to G [dB] = 32*(-0.1 * V_pin4A) - 6. 
  • The gain behavior after the IC swap is as expected, both in terms of absolute gain, and the linearity w.r.t. the control voltage.
  • Note that in Attachment #2, each color corresponds to a different control voltage to the AD602, varying from -5V DC to +5V DC in 1V steps. 

PZT Capacitance measurement

I confirmed that the PZT capacitance is 225 nF. The measurement was made using an LCR meter connected to the BNC cable delivering the HV to the PZT, at the 1X1 rack end.

OLTF measurement

After re-soldering R23, I put the board back into its Eurocrate, and was able to lock the PMC. For subsequent measurements, the PSL shutter was closed.

  • I measured the OLTF using the usual IN1/IN2 prescription, implemented with the help of an SR560.
  • At the original PMC Servo gain of +12dB, I found that the feature at ~8kHz results in an OLTF with multiple unity gain crossings.
  • So I lowered it to +9dB. This yields an OLTF with ~60deg phase margin, ~2.3 kHz UGF. 
  • The feature that sets the gain margin is actually not any of the peaks fit by LISO, but is one of the high frequency features at ~40 kHz. At the new setting of +9dB gain, the gain margin is ~10 dB.
  • The measured TF (dots in Attachment #5) was fit with LISO (solid lines in Attachment #5) to allow inferring the out-of-loop servo noise by monitoring the in-loop noise (that plot to follow).
Attachment 1: elecTFs.pdf
Attachment 2: VGAchar_postFix.pdf
Attachment 3: VGAlinearity_postFix.pdf
Attachment 4: newOLTFs.pdf
  15135   Mon Jan 20 20:20:36 2020 gautamUpdatePSLPMC servo checkout


The PDH discriminant of the PMC servo was measured to be ~0.064 GV/m. This is ~50 times lower than what is reported here. Perhaps this is a signature of the infamous ERA decay, needs more investigation.


  • Calibration of the error and control points were done using 1 Hz triangle wave injection to the "EXT DC" input of the PMC servo. Two such sweeps are shown in Attachment #1 (measured data as points, fits as solid lines). For the control signal monitor, I've multiplied the signal obtained on the scope by 49.6, which is the voltage divider implemented for this monitor point.
  • The PDH discrimiannt was calibrated into physical units knowing the modulation frequency of the PMC, which is 35.5 MHz. The error in this technique due to the free-running NPRO frequency noise is expected to be small since the entire fringe is crossed in <30 ms, in which time the laser frequency is expected to change by < 5 kHz.
  • The drive to the PZT was calibrated into physical units using the same technique. This number is within a factor of 2 of the number reported here
  • Attachment #2 shows the loop OLTF measured using the usual IN1/IN2 prescription (with an SR560). In fact, the 8kHz feature makes the loop unstable. For convenience, I've overlaid the OLTF from March 2017, when things were running smoothly. It is not clear to me why even though the optical gain is now lower, a smaller servo gain results in a larger UGF.

The light level hasn't changed by a factor of 50, leading me to suspect the modulation depth. Recall that the demodulation of the PMC is now done off the servo board using a minicircuits mixer (hence, the "C1:PSL-PMC_LODET" channel isn't a reliable readback of the LO signal strength over time). Although there is a C1:PSL-PMC_MODET channel which looks like it comes from the crystal reference card, and so should still work - this, however, shows no degradation over 1 year.

Somebody had removed the BLP-1.9 that I installed at the I/F output of the mixer to remove the sum frequency component in the demodulated signal, I reinstalled this. I find that there are oscillations in the error signal if the PMC servo gain is increased above 14.5 on the MEDM slider.

Attachment 1: PMCsweep.pdf
Attachment 2: OLTFmeas.pdf
  11768   Mon Nov 16 19:05:59 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC servo circuit review, follow up measurements

PMC follow up measurements have been done. The servo circuit was reviewed.

Now the PMC, IMC, X/Y arms are locked and aligned waiting for the IFO work although I still think something is moving (ITMX?)
as the FPMI fringe is quite fast.

  11769   Mon Nov 16 21:32:49 2015 KojiSummaryPSLPMC servo circuit review, follow up measurements

The result of the precise inspection for the PMC servo board for the 40m was done.

The record, including the photo of the board, can be found at https://dcc.ligo.org/D1400221-v2

- I found some ceramic 1uF caps are used in the signal path. They have been replaced with film caps by WIMA.

- In later measurements with the openloop TF measurement, it was found that the notch frequency (14.6kHz) was off from the a sharp PZT resonance at 12.2kHz.
I replaced the combined caps of 1220pF to 1742pF. This resulted nice agreement of the notch freq with the PZT resonant freq.

Past related elogs:

SRA-3MH mixer installed in 2009: http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/1502

R20 increased for more LO Mon gain: http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/10172

ELOG V3.1.3-