40m QIL Cryo_Lab CTN SUS_Lab TCS_Lab OMC_Lab CRIME_Lab FEA ENG_Labs OptContFac Mariner WBEEShop
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ID Date Author Type Category Subject
6326   Mon Feb 27 18:35:45 2012 JenneUpdateGreen LockingX Beat Search

Meh.  I've searched in steps of 20 counts in C1:GCX-SLOW_SERVO2_OFFSET units (16 bit +\- 10V DAC, and 1GHz/V coeffecient for the Xgreen aux laser means this is ~0.6MHz per 20 count step).  I went from -400cts to +800 cts and haven't found the beatnote yet.  Meh.

Both PSL green and Xgreen beams are going to the Xgreen BBPD.  Both beams are easily visible, so while I didn't actually measure the power, it should be sufficient.  The arm is being re-locked in green for each step, but it's not locked in IR, but that doesn't matter for just finding the beatnote.

I've got the output of the BBPD directly connected to the 50 ohm input of the HP8591E spectrum analyzer, with the freq span from 10MHz to 120MHz.  The BBPD is supposed to be good up to ~100MHz, so I should catch any beatnote that's there.  I have to head out, so I guess I'll continue the search tomorrow.

One of Kiwamu's suggestions was that, since no one is using the Ygreen concurrent with my fiddling, I rotate the waveplate after the PSL doubling oven so that max power goes to the Xgreen path, thus giving myself a bigger signal.  I'll try that tomorrow.  Today, I didn't ever touch the waveplate.

13366   Fri Oct 6 17:08:09 2017 SteveUpdateALSX End table beam traps corrected

There are no more double sided tape on this table.

Attachment 1: c1.jpg
Attachment 2: c2.jpg
Attachment 3: c3.jpg
Attachment 4: c4.jpg
13326   Thu Sep 21 01:55:16 2017 ranaUpdateALSX End table of Shame

Image #1: No - we do not use magnetic mounts for beam dumps. Use a real clamp. It has to be rigid. "its not going anywhere" is a nonsense statement; this is about vibration amplitude of nanometers.

Image #2: No - we do not use sticky tape to put black glass beam dumps in place ever, anywhere. Rigid dumps only.

Image #3: Please do not ruin our nice black glass with double sticky tape. We want to keep the surfaces clean. This one and a few of the other Mickey Mouse black glass dumps on this table were dirty with fingerprints and so very useless.

Image #4: This one was worst of all: a piece of black glass was sticky taped to the wall. Shameful.

Please do not do any work on this table without elogging. Please never again do any of these type of beam dumping - they are all illegal. Better to not dump beams than to do this kind of thing.

All dumps have to be rigidly mounted. There is no finger contacting black glass or razor dumps - if you do, you might as well throw it in the garbage.

Attachment 1: 20170921_003143.jpg
Attachment 2: 20170921_002430.jpg
Attachment 3: 20170921_002243.jpg
Attachment 4: 20170921_001906.jpg
14125   Thu Aug 2 20:47:29 2018 gautamSummaryElectronicsX Green "Mystery" solved

I walked down to the X end and found that the entire AUX laser electronics rack isn't getting any power. There was no elog about this.

I couldn't find any free points in the power strip where I think all this stuff was plugged in so I'm going to hold off on resurrecting this until tomorrow when I'll work with Steve.

 Quote: The X arm green does not stay locked to the cavity - the alignment looks fine, and the green flashes are strong, but the lock does not hold. This shouldn't be directly connected to anything we did today since the Green PDH servo is entirely analog.
14127   Thu Aug 2 23:09:25 2018 ranaSummaryComputersX Green "Mystery" solved

I'm going to guess that this was me: I was disconnecting some octopus power strip nonsense down there (in particular illuminators and cameras), so I might have turned off the AUX rack by mistake.

Quote:

I walked down to the X end and found that the entire AUX laser electronics rack isn't getting any power. There was no elog about this.

I couldn't find any free points in the power strip where I think all this stuff was plugged in so I'm going to hold off on resurrecting this until tomorrow when I'll work with Steve.

 Quote: The X arm green does not stay locked to the cavity - the alignment looks fine, and the green flashes are strong, but the lock does not hold. This shouldn't be directly connected to anything we did today since the Green PDH servo is entirely analog.
13573   Wed Jan 24 00:58:59 2018 gautamUpdateALSX Green PDH modulation depth

On Friday, while Udit and I were doing some characterization of the EX+PSL IR beat at the LSC rack, I noticed that there were sidebands around the main beat peak at 20dBm lower level. These were offset from the main peak by ~200kHz - I didn't do a careful characterization but because of the symmetric nature of these sidebands and the fact that they appeared with the same offset from the main peak for various values of the central beat frequency, I hypothesize that these are from the modulation sidebands we use for PDH locking the EX laser to the arm cavity. So we can estimate the modulation depth from the relative powers of the main beat peak and the ~200kHz offset sidebands.

Since the IR light is used for the beat and we directly couple it to the fiber to make the beat, there is no green or IR cavity pole involved here. 20dBm in power means $\frac{\beta^2}{4} \approx 10^{\frac{-20}{10}} \approx 0.01$. And so the modulation depth, $\beta \approx 0.2 \mathrm{rad}$. I will do a more careful meaurement of this, but this method of measuring the modulation depth can give us a precise estimate - for what it's worth, this number is in the same ballpark as the measurement I quote in elog12105.

What is the implication of having these sidebands on our ALS noise? I need to think about this, effectively the phase noise of the SR function generators we use to do the phase modulation of the EX laser is getting imprinted on the ALS noise? Is this hurting us in any frequency range that matters?

11191   Wed Apr 1 23:56:36 2015 ericqUpdateLSCX Green Power drifting

Something funky is happening with the green light locked to the X arm. The green transmitted power is drifiting around. Maybe something weird is happening with the doubler? The digital thermal feedback loop is not on.

The green has been locked on a TM00 mode this whole time. The step in power is me closing the PSL green shutter, but I'm not doing anything during the smooth changes in power. IR power is steady, so the alignment should be ok. I can't recover full power with the end PZT alignement either.

Attachment 1: Xgreen_drifting.png
11192   Thu Apr 2 01:28:34 2015 JenneUpdateLSCX Green Power drifting

Have you tried a different set of laser temperatures?  I don't remember the value for the Xgreen, but whatever the value that matches PSL of 0.62ish and above seems to put the Xgreen laser at a bad temperature.  I think this is the mode-hopping region, and we sometimes lock to the wrong mode.

So, FSS values of above 0.5ish are good, but they should be below 0.61ish.

11193   Thu Apr 2 01:45:44 2015 JenneUpdateLSCX Green Power drifting
 Quote: Have you tried a different set of laser temperatures?

Yep, that is how I got back to stable powers.

10951   Wed Jan 28 17:39:17 2015 KojiConfigurationIOOX Trans Table less crazy but not enough yet

The X-end IR Trans path was cleaned up.

I have been investigating the Xarm ASS issue. The Xarm ASS sensors behaved not so straight forward.
I went to the X-end table and found some suspect of clipping and large misalignmnet in the IR trans path.
Facing with the usual chaos of the end table, I decided to clean-up the IR trans path.

The optical layout is now slightly better. But the table is, in general, still dirty with bunch of stray optics,
loose cables and fibers. We need more effort to make the table maintained in a professional manner.

- Removed unnecessary snaking optical path. Now the beam from the 1064/532 separator is divided by a 50-50 BS before the QPD without
any other steering mirrors. This means the spot size on the QPD was changed as well as the alignment. The spot on the QPD was aligned
with the arm aligned with the current (=not modified) ASS. This should be the right procedure as the spot must be centered on the end mirror
with the current ASS.

- After the 50-50 BS there is an HR steering mirror for the Thorlab PD.

- A VIS rejection filter was placed before the 50-50 BS. The reflection from the filter is blocked with a razor blade dump.

Important note to everyone including Steve:
The transmission of the VIS rejection filter at 1064nm is SUPER angular sensitive.
A slight tilt causes significant reduction of 1064nm light. Be careful.

- As we don't need double VIS filter, I removed the filter on the QPD.

- X-End QPD was inspected. There seemed large (+/-10%) gain difference between the segments.
They were corrected so that the values are matched when the beam is only on one segment.
The corrections were applied at C1:SUS-ETMX_QPDx_GAIN (x=1, 2, 3, or 4).

I decided to put "-20dB" filters on C1:SUS-ETMi_QPD_SUM and C1:SUS-ETMi_TRY (i = X or Y)
in order to make their gain to be reasonable (like 0.123 instead 0.000123 which is unreadable).
Jenne's normalization script reads relative values and the current gains instead of the absolute values.
Therefore the script is not affected.

Attachment 1: IMG_1808.JPG
10958   Thu Jan 29 17:20:58 2015 manasaConfigurationIOOX Trans Table less crazy but not enough yet

[Koji, Manasa]

We cleared up some optics and optomechanics at the X end table that are not being used and moved them to the SP table. [Ed by KA: They seemed to be leftover of the other projects. I blame them]

2226   Tue Nov 10 13:02:36 2009 AlbertoUpdateLSCX and Y Arm Cavity Poles Measurement

From fitting the arm cavity transfer functions I got the following values for the cavity pole frequencies.

X ARM: fp_x = (1720 +/- 70) Hz

Y ARM: fp_y = (1650 +/- 70) Hz

Attached are the plots from the fitting.

Attachment 1: SummaryOfFits.pdf
Attachment 2: CodeAndData.tar
4795   Wed Jun 8 16:41:48 2011 valeraUpdateASSX and Y arm dither alignment status

The current status of the dither alignment system:

- Both Xarm and Yarm alignment are working. The scripts are: scripts/autoDither/alignX(Y). Each script sets up the respective arm, turns on the dither lines and servos for 66 sec, offloads the control signals to TM alignment biases and PZT sliders in case of  Yarm, and to TM and BS alignment biases in case of Xarm, and finally turns off and clears the servo filters and turns off the dither lines.

- Jammie witnessed the final tests of both scripts - both X and Y arm power went up from 0.6-0.7 to close to 1 and the AS beam became symmetric. Also Jammie wanted me to leave the ETMY oplev in its current non-nominal but more stable state i.e. the oplev signals go to the ADC from the D010033 card not the D020432 one. The scripts can now run from the CONFIGURE medm screen.

- Both arms use signals derived from modulating ITM and ETM in pitch and yaw dofs and demodulating the arm power (TRX or TRY) and the cavity length signal (AS55I). The Yarm actuation has 8 dofs - pitch and yaw of the ITM, ETM, and two input beam PZTs so all the sensed dofs are controlled. The Xarm actuation has only 6 dofs - pitch and yaw of the ITM, ETM, and BS. The Xarm servo is set up to servo the beam position on the ETMX and the relative alignment of the cavity and the input beam. The ITMX spot position is unconstrained and provides the null test. The residual displacement on the ITMX is 0.2-0.3 mm in yaw and 0.9-1.0 mm in pitch. The I phases of the beam centering lockins, which are also the error points of corresponding DOF filters, are calibrated in mm by unbalancing the TM coils by known amount. The attached snap shot of the medm screen now has both X and Y arm calibrated beam spot positions and uncalibrated input beam indicators. The input beam angle and position signals can/should be calibrated by tapping the signals digitally and applying the proper matrix transformation - this will require the model change.

- Currently there is no lock loss catching in the model. We should add a trigger on arm power (or an equivalent mechanism) to turn off the inputs to prevent the spurious inputs.

Attachment 1: BeamPositionIndicators.png
9621   Mon Feb 10 22:21:55 2014 manasaUpdateGreen LockingX and Y arm green tuned

Y arm green: Nothing much was disturbed. I touched the steering mirrors and brought GTRY from 0.2 to 0.9.

X arm green: The PDH lock was not very stable mostly because of the low power in green. I changed the oven temperature for the doubler to 36.4 corresponding to maximum green power. GTRX increased from 0.1 to 0.9

Both the X and Y arm green alignment were tuned on the PSL table to their respective beat PDs.

The PSL green shutter was not responding to the medm buttons. I found the PSL green shutter set to 'local' and 'N.O' (these are switches in the shutter controller). I do not see any elog and not sure as to why the controller was even touched in the first place. I set the shutter controls to 'remote' and 'N.C'.

9633   Thu Feb 13 16:48:33 2014 SteveUpdateGreen LockingX and Y arm green tuned details

 Quote: Y arm green: Nothing much was disturbed. I touched the steering mirrors and brought GTRY from 0.2 to 0.9. X arm green: The PDH lock was not very stable mostly because of the low power in green. I changed the oven temperature for the doubler to 36.4 corresponding to maximum green power. GTRX increased from 0.1 to 0.9 Both the X and Y arm green alignment were tuned on the PSL table to their respective beat PDs. The PSL green shutter was not responding to the medm buttons. I found the PSL green shutter set to 'local' and 'N.O' (these are switches in the shutter controller). I do not see any elog and not sure as to why the controller was even touched in the first place. I set the shutter controls to 'remote' and 'N.C'.

ETMX green power at shutter 3.6 mW at 36.35 C doubler crystal temp.   [ Innolight IR settings 2.0 A,  40.83 C,  500 mW before Faraday 1/2 plate ]

ETMY green power at shutter 0.75 mW  at 35.8 C  doubler crytal temp.  [ NPRO IR settings 1.82A,  231 mW_ display,  DT 21 C, DTEC +1V, LT 40 C, LTEC 0.1V, T +41.041 ]

9176   Mon Sep 30 17:55:45 2013 manasaUpdateGreen LockingX and Y arm transmission needs to be decoupled

[Masayuki, Manasa]

Problem
We wanted to lock both the arms using ALS and get IR to resonate while arms are held using ALS. The X arm was locked using ALS and offsetter2 was used to scan the arm and find IR resonance. The Y arm was locked using ALS. But as the Y arm was brought closer to IR resonance, the X arm ALS loses lock. (attachment 1)

Discussion
We believe that this comes from the X and Y transmission not being well separated at the PSL table. The PBS is not sufficient to decouple them (A strong beatnote ~35dB between the X and the Y arm green lasers can be seen on the spectrum analyzer).

Solution
Decouple the X and Y arm transmitted beams at the PSL table. I am trying to find a wedged mirror/window that can separate the 2 beams at the PSL table before the beat PD (sadly the laseroptik HR532nm optics have no wedge)

Attachment 1: scan2.png
87   Fri Nov 9 00:23:12 2007 pkpUpdateOMCX and Z resonances
I got a couple of resonance plots going for now. I am still having trouble getting the Y measurement going for some reason. I will investigate that tommorow. But for tonight and tommorow morning, here is some food for thought. I have attached the X and Z transfer functions below. I compared them to Norna's plots - so just writing out what I was thinking -

Keep in mind that these arent high res scans and have been inconviniently stopped at 0.5 Hz .

Z case --

I see two small resonances and two large ones - the large ones are at 5.5 Hz and 0.55 Hz and the small ones at 9 Hz and 2 Hz respectively. In Norna's resonances, these features arent present. Secondly, the two large peaks in Norna's measurement are at 4.5 Hz and just above 1 Hz. Which was kind of expected, since we shortened the wires a bit, so one of the resonances moved up and I suppose that the other one moved down for the same reason.

X case --

Only one broad peak at about 3 Hz is seen here, whereas in Norna's measurement, there were two large peaks and one dip at 0.75 Hz and 2.5 Hz. I suspect that the lower peak has shifted lower than what I scanned to here and a high res scan going upto 0.2 Hz is taking place overnight. So we will have to wait and watch.

Pitch Roll and Yaw can wait for the morning.
Attachment 1: Xtransferfunc.pdf
Attachment 2: Ztransferfunc.pdf
12909   Mon Mar 27 16:01:55 2017 SteveUpdatePEMX arm AC set to 68F

The X arm air conditioner was not regulating properly. The arm temp was warmer than usual. I requested thermistor calibration.

The mechanic reset the thermostate to 68F last week.  It was 70-71F before.

The ETMX oplev laser now running 4 C lower at 30 C inside the enclousure.

The ETMX optical table top is 5 C cooler  at 21 C

The ETMX concrete wall temp 20 C at 9am with flow bench on.

ETMY conrete wall  temp 23 C at 9am

8703   Thu Jun 13 22:31:12 2013 ManasaSummaryGreen LockingX arm ALS

Stabilized ALS and beat frequency sweep realized.

Procedure:

1. Enable appropriate filter modules and set appropriate servo gains.

 Servo module Filters Gain C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_I FM2 FM3 1.0 C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_Q FM2 FM3 1.0 C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_PHASE FM1 300.0 C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_OFFSET - 1.0 C1:ALS-XARM FM4 FM5 -0.25 C1:ALS-ETMX - 1.0

2. Clear history of C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_PHASE

3. Enable the servo loop. I had set limits on the servo loop and ramp time for gain switching so that I don't kick the ETMY hard.
Gains were decided such that the error signal C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_PHASE_OUT was minimized.

4. Beat frequency sweep is realized by stepping up on C1:ALS-BEATX_FINE_OFFSET_OFFSET (from 0 to 2100 in this case).

Video1 shows the difference that can be seen at the RF spectrum analyzer when ALS is enabled.

Video2 shows the beat frequency sweep as seen on the spectrum analyzer.

I could not get 'getdata' to work as I wanted. So I have attached the error signal trend before and after the ALS servo loop is enabled.

Thank you Jenne for helping retrieve more sensible data!

The beat note is very strong and we can clearly see its harmonics as well. Attached is the picture showing the several harmonics.
________________________________
Peak frequency(MHz)    Power(dBm)
________________________________
47                                    -2.77
93.5                                -27.56
139                                 -32.75
185.4                              -45.64
231.9                              -57.10
278.4                              -59.42
________________________________

To do:
1. Obtain IR resonance.
2. Check the digital anti-whitening filter after the beatbox.
3. The effect of the harmonics should be figured out.
4. Write scripts to enable ALS and findIRresonance.

Attachment 1: IMG_0659.JPG
Attachment 2: ALS_stabilized_13June2013.png
8708   Fri Jun 14 07:06:19 2013 KojiSummaryGreen LockingX arm ALS

It's nice that we are now able to scan the cavity again. We got close to PRMI+one arm one step further.
The calibration of the scan frequency and the evaluation of the in-loop/out-of-loop error signal in terms of (Hz/rtHz) would be necessary.

The beat amplitude looks actually huge aIthough I don't know where you are monitoring.
Talk to Jamie to figure out how much the signal should be at the monitoring point.
If it is more than we are supposed to have, put an attenuator somewhere.

8824   Thu Jul 11 00:30:27 2013 manasaUpdateGreen LockingX arm ALS post-beatbox makeover

I ran a series of diagnostics on the X arm ALS to look at how the beatbox behaves after the makeover.

Diagnostic tests run:
1. X arm ALS in-loop spectrum
2. X arm ALS out-of loop spectrum
3. X ALS scan of the X arm cavity

The noise suppression looks better after the makeover at the lower frequencies. To suppress the noise at high frequencies, we would have to add more whitening filters.

Attachment 1: XALS_inloop.pdf
Attachment 2: XALS_scan.pdf
Attachment 3: ALS_outloop.pdf
14132   Fri Aug 3 19:02:11 2018 gautamUpdateASSX arm ASS recovery

[koji, gautam]

After I effected the series resistance change for ETMX, the X arm ASS didn't work (i.e. IR transmission would degrade if the servo was run). Today, we succeeded in recovering a functional ASS servo .

So both arms have working dither alignment servos now. But remember that the Y arm ASS gains have been set for locking the Y arm with MC2 as the actuator, not ETMY.

Details:

• Koji pointed out that the demodulated signals from the ETM dither are only used to center the spot on the ETM, and that we should first run the servo with existing settings with the ETM pitch and yaw spot centering loops disabled.
• This improved TRX level from ~0.8 to 1.1
• Next, we tried increasing the LO amplitudes by x5 to account for the reduced actuation of the dither on ETMX
• We then re-enabled the two loops that were earlier disabled.
• This resulted in TRX degrading very quickly.
• So we decided to try going back to the nominal LO gains, and reducing the gain of the two ETM spot centering loops.
• This did the trick, TRX went from 1.1 --> ~1.23, which is the nominal maximum pre-vent value.
• The snap file used to recover the correct settings to run the dither alignment servos have been updated, the old one has been backed up with today's datestamp.

We then tried to maximize GTRX using the PZT mirrors, but were only successful in reaching a maximum of 0.41. The value I remember from before the vent was 0.5, and indeed, with the IR alignment not quite optimized before we began this work, I saw GTRX of 0.48. But the IR dither servo signals indicate that the cavity axis may have shifted (spot position on the ITM, which is uncontrolled, seems to have drifred significantly, the Pitch signal doesn't stay on the StripTool scale anymore). So we may have to double check that the transmitted beam isn't falling off the GTRX DC PD.

14161   Tue Aug 14 00:50:32 2018 gautamUpdateASSX arm ASS still not quite right?

While working on the single arm alignment, I noticed that today, i was able to get the X arm transmission back to ~1.22, and the GTRX to 0.52. These are closer to the values I remember from prior to the vent. Running the dither alignment promptly degrades both the green and IR transmissions. Since the pianosa SL7 upgrade, I can't use the sensoray to capture images, but to me, the spot looks a little off-center in Yaw on ETMX in this configuration, I've tried to show this in the phone grab (Atm #2). Maybe indicative of clipping somewhere upstream of ITMX?

Anyways, I'm pushing onwards for now, something to check out in the daytime.

 Quote: [koji, gautam] After I effected the series resistance change for ETMX, the X arm ASS didn't work (i.e. IR transmission would degrade if the servo was run). Today, we succeeded in recovering a functional ASS servo . We then tried to maximize GTRX using the PZT mirrors, but were only successful in reaching a maximum of 0.41. The value I remember from before the vent was 0.5, and indeed, with the IR alignment not quite optimized before we began this work, I saw GTRX of 0.48. But the IR dither servo signals indicate that the cavity axis may have shifted (spot position on the ITM, which is uncontrolled, seems to have drifred significantly, the Pitch signal doesn't stay on the StripTool scale anymore). So we may have to double check that the transmitted beam isn't falling off the GTRX DC PD.
Attachment 1: POXPOY.png
Attachment 2: IMG_7108.JPG
10865   Wed Jan 7 11:20:22 2015 SteveUpdateLSCX arm T-QPD gets SM1 thread adapter

C1:SUS-ETMX_QPD is removed and internal SM1 thread adapter epoxied into position as it is at the Y end

This adapter will take FL1064-10 line filter holder

Line filter is attached and qpd needs alignment.

9594   Tue Feb 4 00:42:18 2014 KojiUpdateGeneralX arm aligned for IR/GR

The X arm was also aligned for the IR by hand and ASS. Also the X end green PZT was aligned to make the TEM00 mode reasonably locked.

What I did:

- Looked at the ITMXF camera. It seemed that the green beam was hitting the mirror.

- Went to the end. Looked at the X end green REFL. Tuned coarse alignment of the ETMX so that the beam was (retro-)reflected to the Faraday and the REFL PD.

- Looked at the ETMX face from the view port. Tried to locate the spot from the ITMX by shaking the ITMX alignment with 0.1 and then 0.01 increments.

- After some struggle with the ETMX and ITMX alignment, resonant fringes were found on the ETMY face while I still looked at the ETMX.

- Once the ITMX/ETMX were aligned, the BS needed to be aligned. But of course there was no IR fringe.

- Returned to the original alignment of the ITMX to find the ITMX spot on the AS camera.
Then gradually moved the ITMX to the aligned value for the green while tracking the michelson alignment with the BS.
This made the AS spots at the upper left edge of the AS video image.

- This was enough to find the IR spikes at TRX. Then the ETMX was touched to maximize the transmission.

- Lock the cavity. Use the ASS to optimize the alignement.

- Once the arm mirrors were aligned, the Xend PZT was also adjusted to have TEM00 for the green beam.

Now I leave the IFO with ITMX/Y, ETMX/Y and BS aligned. As I wrote above, the AS spot is very high at the AS camera.
We need to revisit the AS steering (SR TTs?) to ensure the AS beam unclipped.

6849   Thu Jun 21 15:36:51 2012 yutaUpdateLockingX arm alignment

I aligned X arm so that the beam spot comes roughly on the center.

1. Use ITMX and ETMX (mainly ITMX) to make beam spot come on center of the optic using eyeball.

2. Use ETMX and BS to maximize TRX power (reached ~ 0.85)

3. Aligned green optics on X end. Transmission of X green measured at PSL table is now 255 uW and TEM00 has the most power.

It was not easy to increase X green transmission more because beam spot on green transmission PD is wiggly when X end table is opened. When closed, wiggliness is about the same for Y green and X green.
Turning off HEPA on the X end didin't helped, but there must be something bad in the X end table. If we couldn't figure out why, let's wait for PZTs to come for end tables.

Considering the laser power is different(X end 1 W, Y end 700 mW), X green transmission should reach ~400 uW. But I think we should go on to X beat search.

I placed green shutter for X end back for convenience. I put some spacers to adjust its height and avoid beam clipping.

[Steve, Yuta]

What causing wiggly X green transmission was the air flow from the air conditioner. When we turned it off, beam spot motion became quiet. Air flow from HEPA was not effecting much.

4278   Sun Feb 13 15:02:23 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingX arm beam offcentering has been measured

The amounts of the X arm's beam off-centering have been measured by the A2L technique.

So now we are able to start aligning the IR beam axis in a quantitative way.

(motivation)

Since we saw big residual motions at 1 Hz, 16 Hz on both the green beat note signal and the IR PDH signal (see #4268 and #4211),

we are suspecting that these noise come from an angle to length coupling.

In order to minimize the angle to length coupling, one thing we can do is to bring the beam spots to the center of ITMX and ETMX more precisely.

To do it, we have to quantitatively know how well the beam spots are on the center of the optics. Therefore I started measuring the amount of the beam off-centering.

(method)

The A2L technique was used to measure the off-centering with the real-time lockin system, which has been recently embedded in the real-time code by Joe (see #4265).

The idea is the same as Yuta did before (see #3863).

But this time the excitation signal from the real-time oscillator was injected directly to the coil matrix on either ITMX or ETMX, at 18.13 Hz with the amplitude of about 400 cnt.

When the IR laser stays locked to the X arm, the LSC feedback signal is demodulated with the oscillator signal.

This demodulated signal gives the amount of the off-centering.

For this purpose I modified Yuta's A2L script such that we can use it also for the X arm.

(results)

I obtained the following values:

- ETMX

PIT  = -1.61 mm

YAW =  -0.918 mm

- ITMX

PIT = -3.76 mm

YAW = -2.24 mm

I used the same calibration factor as that of Koji calculated (see #3020) for MC, in order to convert the results from the coil gain to the off-centering.

These values are consistent with the spots appearing on the CCD monitors.

8820   Wed Jul 10 11:27:02 2013 manasaUpdateGreen LockingX arm beatnote found

I found the beat note for X arm. I did not change anything this morning (to the best of my knowledge). Hooking up the spectrum analyzer, I could find the beatnote signal at the PD RF output, after the amplifier and also at the MON port of the beatbox. I still don't know what changed from the last night set of trials

8296   Thu Mar 14 17:31:57 2013 ManasaUpdateGreen LockingX arm green locked in TEM00

 Quote: Manasa has done some work to get the Xgreen aligned, so I'll switch to trying to find that beatnote for now.

[Jenne, Manasa]

Aligned X-arm green in TEM00.

It was difficult to get the X-arm to lock in TEM00 earlier. Even when it locked, it was just a TEM00 flash. The green was mainly bad in pitch.

I started aligning with the arms flashing in IR and it was still not possible to lock. The second trial was with the arms locked in IR; I lost the green lock when the arms were aligned for IR. I aligned by overlapping the ingoing green with the reflected green visible on the steering mirror. This got the green to lock in TEM00; but still it would only stay that way for 30 sec. Jenne pointed me to Yuta's suggestion of increasing the green refl PD gain. Once I increased the PD gain, the mode stabilized.

I went ahead and centered ALS TRX on the PD and GTRX camera (on the PSL table). ALS_TRX reads 2000+ counts.

EDIT by Jenne:  This corresponds to a power of 550uW on the PSL table, measured before the first out-of-vac steering mirror.

8298   Fri Mar 15 01:57:02 2013 JenneUpdateGreen LockingX arm green locked in TEM00

This work earlier today had required moving the harmonic separator back closer to its original position, so that the green could get through without clipping.  I locked the Xarm (overriding the trigger) and realigned TRX to the PD and camera.

9233   Fri Oct 11 00:37:23 2013 manasaUpdateGreen LockingX arm green locking modes

[Masayuki, Manasa]

We have stabilized the ALS for Y arm and concluded that although the PDH servo could be stabilized, it drifts and loses stability over a span of few hours. (See masayuki's elog today)

We wanted to follow the same systematic procedure like in the previous elog to look at the condition of the X arm as well.
In order to stabilize the green PDH servo, we held the arm using the IR PDH and aligned the end-green to the X arm.

We see 2 TEM00-like modes and one oblong TEM00+TEM01 mode that can lock to the cavity. It is not clear to me as yet as to how to differentiate between these 2 TEM-00 like modes and how we should decide between them.

One of the TEM00-like mode is strongly matched to the arm cavity. Normalized GTRX measures 0.6 counts. The other TEM00-like mode is weakly matched to the cavity. Normalized GTRX measures 0.12 counts. This might be the reason why Jenne and Masayuki were seeing a lower beat amplitude. Camera images are shown below.

On another note, we found that an oblong mode (looks like a TEM00+TEM10 mode) also locks to the cavity. The mode looks weird in that, only one half of the mode is seen moving due to seismic noise and the other part does not. I am not sure how I can describe this...so here is a 10 second video of how this mode looks like.

12478   Thu Sep 8 22:12:36 2016 gautamUpdateSUSX arm in place, locked to green, IR flashes visible

Detailed elog to follow but summary of todays activities:

• ITMX and ETMX are back in their respective positions
• F.C was peeled, OSEMs were inserted after releasing EQ stops
• X arm was aligned to green
• IMC was locked, BS was used to adjust IR input pointing till beam was cleanly passing through irides (slid on to the tower)
• After best efforts for today - we see flashes as judged from TRX signal and also POX11_I. Unfortunately these are really weak and we can't lock, let alone see anything on the screens. Tomorrow we can try some more fine alignment
11111   Fri Mar 6 14:51:59 2015 ericqUpdateGeneralX arm linewidth, loss

The fit FWHM is 10.444kHz +-55Hz.

If we take the FSR from ELOG 9804, this implies an Xarm fineese of 380 +- 2.

Assuming an ITMX transmission of 1.4%, this means an Xarm loss of 240 +- 90ppm.

This is substatially lower than the ~500ppm I had measured via the unlocked/locked ASDC power method, but still pretty high.

Since we were able to get continuous frequency counter values into the digital system, I decided to give it a quick spin with a calibrated single arm ALS scan. This should be repeated when amplifiers are in place, because the Y IR beatnote is wandering around in a way I don't trust and I'm not sure if the frequency counters have good absolute calibration...

Neverthess, I did a 5 minute scan through the Xarm, and fit it nicely to a lorentzian peak.

4191   Mon Jan 24 02:58:46 2011 kiwamuUpdateGreen LockingX arm locked !

I succeeded in green-locking the X arm by feeding back the beat signal to ETMX.

Here are some quick reports. Some more details will be posted tomorrow.

The below shows a time series data of the PLL feedback signal when the servo was acquiring the lock.

At t = -2 sec. I started feeding back the signal to ETMX with the gain 50 times smaller than its nominal.

Then at t = 0 sec.I switched on a low frequency boost (pole 0.1Hz and zero 1Hz) to make it more robust.

At t = 3 sec. I increased the gain to the nominal.

Finally the UGF became ~ 60 Hz according to my open loop measurement by diaggui.

However I couldn't make the UGF higher than 60Hz because the more gain caused a instability for some reasons.

Here is a diagram for the green locking.

I used the same VCO box as we setup on the last Friday (see #4189).

4192   Mon Jan 24 09:33:08 2011 ranaUpdateGreen LockingX arm locked !

Very cool.

But the PLL seems very fishy to me. The ZP-3MH needs 13 dBm to operate correctly. You should change the MODLEVEL input of the VCO so as to make the LO input of the mixer go up to 13 dBm. Then the input from the PD should be ~0 dBm.

Also, the PLL diagram seems to show that you have a 1/f^2 loop: 1/f from the SR560 and 1/f from the Hz->rad conversion ??

4193   Mon Jan 24 10:19:21 2011 KojiUpdateGreen LockingX arm locked !

Well... The ALS loop is engaged and the error was suppressed.
So, how is the IR error signal stabilized when the IR is brought in to the resonance?

I can see the linear trend of 0.1V/s from 5s to 10s.  This corresponds to 100kHz/s and 13nm
for the residual beat drift and the arm length motion, respectively. That sounds huge. The DC gain must be increased.

4153   Fri Jan 14 01:55:26 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCX arm locked with C1LSC digital control

[Koji, Kiwamu]

We succeeded in locking the X arm with the C1LSC digital control.

As we did on the day before yesterday, the feedback signal goes to MCL (#4141), but this time the signal is transfered from C1LSC through the RFM.

(key points)

- checking the state of the analog whitening filters at C1LSC rack.

We took the transfer function of them and found that they were always on regardless of the clicking any buttons on medm.

To cancel the filter shape of the whitening, we put an unWhitening filter so that these transfer functions becomes flat in total.

The whitening filter approximately has : pole:150Hz, pole:150Hz, zero:15Hz, zero:15Hz (although these numbers came from by our eye ball fitting)

We performed the same measurement as that of Suresh and Koji did yesterday (#4143) to adjust the phase of the PDH demodulation.

By changing the cable length we roughly adjusted the I-phase to eventually ~10 deg, which is close enough to 0 deg.

(probably some more efforts should be made as a part of daytime tasks)

Note that we are currently using the REFL33 demodulation board for this purpose (#4144). The LO power we put is about 16dBm.

The angle between I and Q at 11MHz is actually almost 90 deg.

This fact has been confirmed by putting a sinusoidal signal with a slightly different frequency (~100Hz) from that of the LO onto the RF input.

- attenuation of RF signal

Since the PDH signal taken by C1LSC's ADC had been saturated somewhat, we introduced a ND filter of 10 on the photo diode to attenuate the RF signal.

As a result the amplitude of the PDH signal on dataviewer became more reasonable. No more saturations.

(some notes)

unWhitening filter           pole:15Hz. pole:15Hz, zero:150Hz, zero:150Hz

C1LSC_MC_FM1   pole:1kHz, zero:10Hz

Gain in digital control       G ~ -1

measured UGF  ~  200-300 Hz

measured RFM delay ~ 125 usec

4156   Fri Jan 14 12:34:08 2011 KojiUpdateLSCX arm locked with C1LSC digital control

My feeling was that the saturation was caused by the LSC whitening filter which was always on.
Once the LSC whitening filter is controlled from C1LSC, we would be able to remove the attenuator.

 Quote: - attenuation of RF signal   Since the PDH signal taken by C1LSC's ADC had been saturated somewhat, we introduced a ND filter of 10 on the photo diode to attenuate the RF signal. As a result the amplitude of the PDH signal on dataviewer became more reasonable. No more saturations.

5360   Wed Sep 7 17:28:41 2011 kiwamuUpdateLSCX arm loss measurement : not good

The measurement itself wasn't good.

I looked at the full 2 kHz data which was taken during the time when I was running the arm loss script on the X arm.

The plot below shows the raw data. The X arm was locked and unlocked sequentially several times.

The ASDC power didn't show a significant difference between the state where it is locked and unlocked.

I am not sure why, but It could be because of a misalginment or some kind of mode-mismatching, which can decrease the coupling efficiency of light going into the cavity.

(some notes)

The raw data were analyzed.

I split the ASDC data into two data, (1) low power state, when the cavity is locked (2) high power state, when the cavity is unlocked.

Then each state was averaged to estimate the averaged ASDC power in each case.

The number I obtained are :

ASDC when X arm was locked = 54.77755 cnts

ASDC when X arm was unlocked = 55.45830 cnts

Those numbers correspond to a round trip loss of  78.780778 ppm, which sounds too small for me.

 Quote from #5359 To see what was going on I will look at the trend data.

14552   Thu Apr 18 23:10:12 2019 gautamUpdateLoss MeasurementX arm misaligned

Yehonathan wanted to take some measurements for loss determination. I misaligned the X arm completely and we installed a PD on the AS table so there is no light reaching the AS55 and AS110 PDs. Yehonathan will post the detailed elog.

6859   Sat Jun 23 02:29:18 2012 yutaUpdateGreen LockingX arm mode scan results

X arm finesse is 416 +/- 6, mode-matching ratio is 91.2 +/- 0.3%

I did mode scan for X arm just like we did for Y arm (see elog #6832)

Servo design:
Servo filters are as same as Y arm.
UGF and phase margin of X arm ALS are 100 Hz and 14 deg.
For phase tracking loop, they are 1.5 kHz and 56 deg.

Raw data from the mode scan:

Fitted peaks and finesse:

By taking the average,

F = 416 +/- 6 (error in 1 sigma)
(For Y arm, it was 421 +/- 6. See elog #6832)

Mode matching ratio:
From X arm 8FSR measurement using phase tracker, peak heights are

TEM00 0.834, 0.851, 0.854, 0.852, 0.876, 0.850, 0.855, 0.878
TEM01 0.031, 0.031, 0.017, 0.017, 0.009, 0.014, 0.009, 0.011
TEM02 0.053, 0.052, 0.057, 0.058, 0.061, 0.060, 0.061, 0.059
TEM03 0.011, 0.010, 0.010, 0.007, 0.006, 0.005, 0.006, 0.005

So, the mode-matching ratio is

MMR = 89.7%, 90.1%, 91.0%, 91.2%, 92.0%, 91.4%, 91.8%, 92.1%

By taking the average,

MMR =  91.2 +/- 0.3 (error in 1 sigma)
(for Y arm, it was 86.7 +/- 0.3 %. See elog #6828)

Discussion:
- Mode matching ratio for both X and Y arm is ~90%, which is not so great, but OK. It seems like there's no huge clipping or mode-mismatch from MC to ITMs. I think we should go next for PRMI investigation.

- Measured finesse seems too low compared with the design value 450. If we believe power transmission of ITM and ETM are 0.0138 and 1.37e-5, the measured finesse tells you that there's ~0.1% loss(F = 2*pi/(T_{ITM}+T_{ETM}+T_{loss})). We need some evaluation for the linearity of the sweep, before concluding that there's 0.1% loss for each arm. Using FINE_I/Q signal for calibration, or installing frequency divider for monitoring actual beat frequency would help.

Things to do for the beat setup:

- Amplifiers after beat PDs shouldn't be on the PSL table. Move them near the beatbox.
- Install DC PD (and camera?) at un-used port of the beat BS for monitoring green transmission power.
- Make nice MEDM screens for our new phase tracking ALS.
- Make a script to sweep arm length with ALS and find IR resonance.
- Look into X end table. Beam spot of the X green transmission is wiggly when X end table is opened and there's air flow.

10680   Thu Nov 6 12:53:09 2014 diegoUpdateASCX arm restored

[Diego, Koji]

X arm has been restored, after modifying the two parameters mentioned in http://nodus.ligo.caltech.edu:8080/40m/10676 (C1SUS_ITMX:  LSC/DAMP and LSC/BIAS); after that, a manual re-alignment of ETMX was necessary due to heavy PIT misalignment. I will check the ALS lock once work on the Y arm is done.

12474   Tue Sep 6 20:45:14 2016 gautamUpdateSUSX arm test masses back in chamber

[Teng, Johannes, Lydia, gautam]

• The goal was to peel F.C. off both the X arm test masses and start work on aligning the arm
• However the F.C. peeling wasn't successful - Johannes spotted spme residual junk close to the center of the optic on ITMX and I saw a whole bunch of specks in and around the center of the ETM (see Attachment #1)
• Moreover, the PRM LR OSEM issue meant that we decided to re-paint the X arm optics and only take it off after debugging this OSEM PD issue
• Attachment #2 and #3 show the AR and HR face of the ITM respectively after F.C painting
• Attachment #4 shows the ETM HR face after HR painting
• Both towers have been moved, so any pre-emptive levelling has probably gone out the window, just something to be aware of when we put the towers back in place....
• There looks to be some filaments of F.C towards the edge of both the ITM and the ETM. These have been successfully removed with isopropanol + optical tissue, we should take care to do so before peeling the F.C....
Attachment 1: IMG_3137.JPG
Attachment 2: IMG_3143.JPG
Attachment 3: IMG_3142.JPG
Attachment 4: IMG_3148.JPG
10702   Wed Nov 12 15:14:09 2014 manasaUpdateGeneralX end AUX laser fiber setup

I looked at the endtable for possible space to setup optics in order to couple the X end laser into a PM fiber.

Attached is the layout of where the setup will go and what are the existing stuff that will be moved.

10831   Mon Dec 22 17:06:14 2014 manasaUpdateGeneralX end AUX laser fiber setup

 Quote: I looked at the endtable for possible space to setup optics in order to couple the X end laser into a PM fiber. Attached is the layout of where the setup will go and what are the existing stuff that will be moved.

Since we will not be doing any major locking, I am taking this chance to move things on the X end table and install the fiber coupler.

The first steering mirror shown in the earlier elog will be a Y1 (HR mirror) and the second one will be a beam sampler (similar to the one installed at the Y endtable for the fiber setup).

Configuration:

Doubler --> Y1 ---> Lens (f=12.5cm) ---> Beam sampler --->Fiber coupler

The fiber coupler mount will be installed in the green region to the right of the TRX camera.

This work will involve moving around the TRX camera and the optic that brings the trans image on it.

Let me know if this work should not be done tomorrow morning for any reason.

10834   Tue Dec 23 13:18:37 2014 manasaUpdateGeneralX end AUX laser fiber setup

 Quote: Since we will not be doing any major locking, I am taking this chance to move things on the X end table and install the fiber coupler. The first steering mirror shown in the earlier elog will be a Y1 (HR mirror) and the second one will be a beam sampler (similar to the one installed at the Y endtable for the fiber setup).  Configuration: Doubler --> Y1 ---> Lens (f=12.5cm) ---> Beam sampler --->Fiber coupler The fiber coupler mount will be installed in the green region to the right of the TRX camera.  This work will involve moving around the TRX camera and the optic that brings the trans image on it. Let me know if this work should not be done tomorrow morning for any reason.

I was working around the X endtable and PSL table today.

1. Y1 mirror, beam sampler and the fiber coupler have been installed.

2. Removed TRX camera temporarily. The camera will be put back on the table once we have the filter for 532nm that can go with it.

3. Removed an old fiber mount that was not being used from the table.

4. Lowered the current for X end NPRO while working and put it back up at 2A before closing.

5. The fibers running from the X end to the PSL table are connected at an FC/APC connector on the PSL table.

6. Found the HEPA left on high (probably from yesterday's work around the PSL table). I have brought it back down and left it that way.

I have not installed the coupling lens as yet owing to the space restrictions - not enough space for footprint of the lens. I have to revisit the telescope design again.

12526   Fri Sep 30 19:53:07 2016 gautamUpdateendtable upgradeX end IR pickoff fiber coupled

[johannes, gautam]

Today we re-installed the fiber coupler on the X-endtable to couple some of the PSL light into a fiber that runs to the PSL table, where it is combined with a similar PSL pickoff to make an IR beat between the EX AUX laser and the PSL. The main motivation behind this was to make the process of finding the green beatnote easier. We used JAMMT (just another mode matching tool) to calculate a two lens solution to couple the light into the collimator - we use a +200mm and -200mm lens, I will upload a more detailed mode matching calculation + plot + picture soon. We wanted to have a beam waist of 350um at the collimator, a number calculated using the following formula from the Thorlabs website:

$d =4\lambda (\frac{f}{\pi*MFD})$

where d is the diameter of the output beam from the collimator, f is the collimating lens focal length and MFD is 6.6um for the fiber we use.

There is ~26mW of IR light coming through the BS after the EX AUX - after playing around with the 6 axis stage that the coupler is mounted on, Johannes got the IR transmission to the PSL table up to ~11.7mW. The mode matching efficiency of 45% is certainly not stellar, but we were more curious to find a beat and possibly measure the X arm loss so we decided to accept this for now - we could probably improve this by moving the lenses around. We then attenuated the input beam to the fiber by means of an ND filter such that the light incident on the coupler is now ~1.3mW, and the light arriving at the PSL table from the EX laser is ~550uW. Along with the PSL light, after the various couplers, we have ~500uW of light going to the IR beat PD - well below its 2mW threshold.

The IR beat was easily found with the frequency counter setup. However, there was no evidence of a green beat. So we went to the PSL table and did the near-field-far-field alignment onto the beat PD. After doing this, we were able to see a beat - but the amplitude was puny (~-60dBm, we are more used to seeing ~-20dBm on the network analyzer in the control room). Perhaps this can be improved by tweaking the alignment onto the PD while monitoring the RF output with an oscilloscope.

Moreover, the green PDH problems with the X end persist - even though the arm readily locks to a TEM00 mode, it frequently spontaneously drops lock. I twiddled around with the gain on the uPDH box while looking at the error signal while locked on a oscilloscope, but was unable to mitigate the situation. Perhaps the loop shape needs to be measured and that should tell us if the gain is too low or high. But ALS is getting closer to the nominal state...

Johannes is running his loss measurement script on the X arm - but this should be done by ~10pm tonight.

9455   Thu Dec 12 00:21:04 2013 KojiUpdateGreen LockingX end PDH box oscillation issue solved (Re: screwed up the end PDH box)

What a such long pain we suffered.

After more than three years from Kiwamu's discovery, the PDH box 50kHz oscillation issue was finally solved.

This "weird peak at 50kHz" was caused by the oscillation of the voltage regulator (ON's MC7912).
As it imposed common noise almost everywhere, it screwed up transfer function measurements
like EricQ saw recently.

The negative voltage regulator (79XX) tends to get unstable than the positive counter parts (78XX).

The oscillation was removed by adding 22uF electrolytic capacitor between the output pin (pin3) and the ground pin (pin1) of MC7912.
This is indeed more than 20 times of the specification you can find in the data sheet.

4297   Tue Feb 15 06:59:57 2011 Suresh, JenneOmnistructureGeneralX end enclosure left open

[Jenne, Suresh]

Jenne found the X-end table enclosure had been left open.  She replaced the lid on it.

10730   Fri Nov 21 11:41:24 2014 manasaUpdateGeneralX end fiber insulated and on cable tray

Quote:

 Quote: [Steve, Diego, Manasa] Since the beatnotes have disappeared, I am taking this as a chance to put the FOL setup together hoping it might help us find them. Two 70m long fibers now run along the length of the Y arm and reach the PSL table. The fibers are running through armaflex insulating tubes on the cable racks. The excess length ~6m sits in its spool on the top of the PSL table enclosure. Both the fibers were tested OK using the fiber fault locator. We had to remove the coupled end of the fiber from the mount and put it back in the process. So there is only 8mW of end laser power at the PSL table after this activity as opposed to ~13mW.  This will be recovered with some alignment tweaking. After the activity I found that the ETMY wouldn't damp. I traced the problem to the ETMY SUS model not running in c1iscey. Restarting the models in c1iscey solved the problem.

AP Armaflex  tube 7/8" ID X 1" wall insulation for the long fiber in wall mounted cable trays installed yesterday.

The 6 ft long sections are not glued. Cable tied into the tray pressed against one an other, so they are air tight. This will allow us adding more fibers later.

Atm2: Fiber PSL ends  protection added on Friday.

[Steve, Manasa]

Two 70m long fibers are now running through armaflex insulating tubes along the X arm on the cable racks. The excess length of the fiber sits in its spool on top of the PSL enclosure.

Fibers were checked after this with the fiber fault locator (red laser) and found OK.

ELOG V3.1.3-