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ID Date Author Type Category Subjectup
  5491   Tue Sep 20 23:01:37 2011 KeikoUpdateIOOAM modulation mistery

Keiko, Suresh

AM modulations are still there ... the mechanical design for the stages, RF cables, and connections are not good and affecting the alignment.

I write the activity in the time series this time - Because we suspect the slight EOM misalignment to the beam produces the unwanted AM sidebands, we tried to align the EOM as much as possible. First I aligned the EOM tilt aligner so that the maximum power goes through. I found that about 5% power was dumped by EOM. After adjusting the alignment, the AM modulation seemed be much better and stable, however, it came up after about 20 mins. They grew up up to about -40dBm, while the noise floor is -60 dBm (when AM is minimised, with DC power of 8V by PDA225 photodetector).

We changed the EOM stage (below the tilt aligner) from a small plate to a large plate, so that the EOM base can be more stable. The EOM stands on the pile of several black plate. There was a gap below the tilt aligner because of a small plate.  So we swapped the small plate to large plate to eliminate the springly gap. However it didn't make any difference - it is the current status and there is still AM modulations right now.

During above activities, we leaned that the main cause of the EOM misalignment may be the RF cables and the resonator box connected to the EOM. They are connected to the EOM by an SMA adaptor, not any soft cables. It is very likely applying some  torc force to the EOM box. The resonator box is almost hunging from the EOM case and just your slight touch changes EOM alinment quite a bit and AM mod becomes large. 

I will replace the SMA connector between the resonator box and EOM to be a soft cable, so that the box doesn't hung from EOM tomorrow. Also, I will measure the AM mod depth so that we compare with the PM mod depth.

 

Quote:

 Keiko, Anamaria

We started to investigate the AM modulation mistery again. Checking just after the EOM, there are AM modulation about -45dBm. Even if we adjust the HWP just before the EOM, AM components grow up in 5 mins. This is the same situation as before. Only the difference from before is that we don't have PBS and HWP between the EOM and the monitor PD. So we have a simpler setup this time.

We will try to align the pockells cell alignment tomorrow daytime, as it may be a problem when the crystal and the beam are not well parallel. This adjustment has been done before and it didn't improve AM level at that time.

 

  5502   Wed Sep 21 16:44:18 2011 KeikoUpdateIOOAM modulation mistery

AM modulation depths are found to be 50 times smaller than PM modulation depths.

m(AM,f1) ~ m(AM, f2) = 0.003 while m(PM, f1)=0.17 and m(PM, f2)=0.19.

Measured values;

* DC power = 5.2V which is assumed to be 0.74mW according to the PDA255 manual.

*AM_f1 and AM_f2 power = -55.9 dBm = 2.5 * 10^(-9) W.

P92101381.jpg

AM f2 power is assumed to be the similar value of f1. I can't measure f2 (55MHz) level properly because the PD (PDA255) is 50MHz bandwidth. From the (P_SB/P_CR) = (m/2) ^2 relation where P_SB and P_CR are the sideband and carrier power, respectively, I estimated the rough the AM modulation depths. Although DC power include the AM SB powers, I assumed that SB powers are enough small and the DC power can be considered as the carrier power, P_CR. The resulting modulation depth is about 0.003.

On the other hand, from the OSA, today's PM mod depths are 0.17 and 0.19 for f1 and f2, respectively. Please note that these numbers contains (small) AM sidebands components too. Comparing with the PM and AM sideband depths, AM sidebands seems to be enough small.

Quote:

Keiko, Suresh

AM modulations are still there ... the mechanical design for the stages, RF cables, and connections are not good and affecting the alignment. 

 

Attachment 1: P9210138.JPG
P9210138.JPG
  5520   Thu Sep 22 17:29:42 2011 KeikoUpdateIOOAM modulation mistery

AM modulation will add offset on SRCL signal as well as PRCL signal. About 2% of the signal amplitude with the current AM level. MICH will not be affected very much.

From #5504, as for the AM modulation I checked the MICH and SRCL signals in addition to the last post for PRCL, to see the AM modulation effect on those signals. On the last post, PRCL (REFL11I) was found to have 0.002 while the maximum signal amplitude is 0.15 we use . Here, I did the same simulation for MICH and SRCL.

As a result, MICH signals are not affected very much. The AM modulation slightly changes signal slopes, but doesn't add offsets apparently. SRCL is affected more, for REFL signals. All the REFL channels get about 0.0015 offsets while the signal ampliture varies up to 0.002. AS55I (currently used for SRCL) has 1e-7 offset for 6e-6 amplitude signal (in the last figure) - which is the same offset ratio comparing with the amplitude in the PRCL case -

 

(1) MICH signals at AS port with AM m=0

AMmod0MICH.png

(2) MICH signals at AS port with AM m=0.003

AMmod1e-1MICH.png

(3) SRCL signals at AS/REFL port with AM m=0

AMmod0SRCL.png 

(3) SRCL signals at AS/REFL port with AM m=0.003

AMmod3e-3SRCL.png

AMmod3e-3SRCL-AS55I.png

 

Quote:

How about changing the x-axis of all these plots into meters or picometers and tell us how wide the PRC resonance is? (something similar to the arm cavity linewidth expression)

Also, there's the question of the relative AM/PM phase. I think you have to try out both I & Q in the sim. I think we expect Q to be the most effected by AM.

 

  5538   Sat Sep 24 09:55:42 2011 KeikoUpdateIOOAM modulation mistery

From the night day before yesterday (Sep 22nd, Thursday night. Sorry for my late update), there are more AM modulations than I measured in the previous post. It is changing a lot, indeed! Looking at the REFL11 I and Q signals on the dataviewer, the signal offset were huge, even after "LSCoffset" script. Probably the modulation index of AM was same order of PM at that time. The level of AM mod index is changing a lot depending on the EOM alingment which is not very stable, and also on the environment such as temperature .

To reduce AM modulations, here I note some suggestions you may want to try :

* Change the SAM connectors between RF resonator and EOM to be a soft but short connector, so that the resonator box doesn't hung from the EOM.

* Change the RF resonator base to be stable posts. Now several black plates are piled to make one base.

* Install a temperature shield

* Also probably you want to change the BNC connector on the RF resonator to be SMA.

* Be careful of the EOM yaw alignment. Pitch seemed to be less sensitive in producing AM than yaw alignment.

 

Quote:

AM modulation will add offset on SRCL signal as well as PRCL signal. About 2% of the signal amplitude with the current AM level. MICH will not be affected very much.

From #5504, as for the AM modulation I checked the MICH and SRCL signals in addition to the last post for PRCL, to see the AM modulation effect on those signals. On the last post, PRCL (REFL11I) was found to have 0.002 while the maximum signal amplitude is 0.15 we use . Here, I did the same simulation for MICH and SRCL.

As a result, MICH signals are not affected very much. The AM modulation slightly changes signal slopes, but doesn't add offsets apparently. SRCL is affected more, for REFL signals. All the REFL channels get about 0.0015 offsets while the signal ampliture varies up to 0.002. AS55I (currently used for SRCL) has 1e-7 offset for 6e-6 amplitude signal (in the last figure) - which is the same offset ratio comparing with the amplitude in the PRCL case -

 

  6018   Sat Nov 26 19:07:40 2011 kiwamuSummaryGreen LockingAM trnasfer function of the Y end laser with doublin crystal

Quote from #5980

 As a part of the ALS noise budgeting we took a look at the Y end PDH setup to see if we are limited by an effect from the RF Amplitude Modulation (AM).

The AM transfer function of the Y end laser has been measured again, but using the frequency-doubled laser this time.

Here is the latest plot of the AM transfer function. The Y-axis is calibrated to RIN (Relative Intensity Noise) / V.

IFBW (which corresponds to a frequency resolution) was set to 100 Hz and the data was averaged about 40 times in a frequency range of 100 kHz - 400 kHz.

Also the zipped data is attached.

AMTF_lightwave.png

It is obvious that out current modulation frequency of 179 kHz (178850 Hz) is not at any of the notches.

It could potentially introduce some amount of the offset to the PDH signal, which allows the audio frequency AM noise to couple into the PDH signal.

Currently I am measuring how much offset we have had because of the mismatched modulation frequency and how much the offset can be reduced by tuning the modulation frequency.

Attachment 2: AMTF_cailbrated.bod.zip
  15206   Tue Feb 11 16:39:00 2020 shrutiUpdateALSAM/PM

The results of the AM/PM measurements:

  • Attachment 1: Traces of 9 AM TFs overlaid on top of each other, calibrated by measuring the voltage at the ‘GREEN_REFL’ output where the TF was measured (described in elog 40m:15197). This was almost exactly 2 V.
  • Attachment 2: Traces of 9 PM TFs also overlaid measured using DLFD (as described in elog 40m:15180). Calibrated using the measured ~600 mV pk-pk voltage. The phase plots were unwrapped (shifted by 180 deg if needed) so that each started from roughly 0 deg.

Both the AM and PM TFs were scaled to make them have the same average value. Manually adjusting the delay line offset for each measurement using the oscilloscope was probably not accurate enough and therefore resulted in different scaling which this should somewhat compensate.

Attachment 3:

  • The orange and green lines are the averages of the PM and AM values of Attachments 1 and 2 respectively.
  • The solid red line is at 230 kHz, which was the previously chosen value for PDH locking. The peak seems to have shifted to the left from previous measurements (elog 40m:12077).
  • A horizontal black dashed line is drawn to show where the ratio is 10^5.
  • The red regions correspond to frequencies where PM/AM > 10^5 [only shown for frequencies greater than 200kHz], these are roughly (in kHz):
    • 211.4-213.9
    • 221.4-230.7 (peak at 225.642)
    • 240.8-257.9
    • ~748.3
    • 753.3-799.8, two largest peaks at 763.673 and 770.237
    • 809.6-829.3, peak at 819.472
    • 839.2-842.4
    • 881.8-891.7

Updated Calibration

Attachment 2 and 3 were miscalibrated due to an error in my understanding of the delay line, but the net result of the change in factors is qualitatively almost the same and the position of the major peaks remain predominantly unchanged.

The new plot is in Attachment 5.

The new calibration factor used: 5 MHz/V at the output of the mixer to obtain the frequency modulation and then division by the mod. freq. to obtain PM.

5 MHz/V because changing the PZT voltage by 0.01 V=> change in beat frequency by 0.1 MHz, which was seen as a 20 mV change in the delay line mixer output.

Again, the calibration is not very precise and I will probably repeat this experiment at some point more precisely.

Attachment 1: AM.pdf
AM.pdf
Attachment 2: PM.pdf
PM.pdf
Attachment 3: Ratio_all.pdf
Ratio_all.pdf
Attachment 4: Ratios_FM_PM.pdf
Ratios_FM_PM.pdf
Attachment 5: Ratio_all_new.pdf
Ratio_all_new.pdf
  11163   Tue Mar 24 05:05:09 2015 ericqUpdateLSCAO Path engaged

[J, Q]

Terse tonight, more verbose tomorrow. 

We have succesfully achieved multiple kHz bandwidth using the CARM AO path. The CM board super boosts are at too high of a frequency to use effectively, given the flattening of the AO TF. 


Jenne's totally, completely, and in all possible ways uncalibrated plot.  Calibration lines are in here (numbers in control room notebook).  I'm going to export and replot the data tomorrow, in real units.

CARM_DARM_AOengaged_23March2015.pdf

Attachment 1: CARM_DARM_AOengaged_23March2015.pdf
CARM_DARM_AOengaged_23March2015.pdf
Attachment 2: loops.png
loops.png
  11167   Tue Mar 24 18:22:11 2015 ericqUpdateLSCAO Path engaged

For increased flatness of the AO response, and thus less gain peaking in the CARM loop, I reccomend turning down the MC servo VCO gain to 22dB, -6dB of the current setting. 

From there, we should be able to up the overall CARM gain by another 10dB, and turn on a super boost. 


I measured the IN1/IN2 response of the IMC loop with the aglient analyzer providing the IN2 excitation, to see the transfer function of the AO acutation. The hump in the TF explains the flattening out of the CARM OLTF we saw last night. Turning down the gain by 6dB flattens this bump, and more importantly, has around 10dB less gain when the phase goes through -180, meaning more gain margin for the CARM loop. 

Oddly, when I back out the MC OLG from these measurements, the loop shape is different than what Koji and Rana measured in December (ELOG 10841). Specifically, there is some new flattening of the loop shape around 300-400kHz that lowers the frequency where the phase hits -180. What could have caused this???

The -6dB that I mentioned was determined by putting the MC UGF at about 100kHz, at the peak of the phase bubble. This should allow us to safely have a CARM UGF of 40kHz since the MC loop has around +10dB loop gain there, which Rana once quoted as a rule of thumb for these loops. At that UGF, at least one CM board super boost should be fine, based on the loop shapes measured last night. 

Lastly, I also checked out whether the 3 MC super boosts were limiting the AO shape; I did not observe any diffrence of the AO TF when turning off one super boost. It's likely totally fine. 

Attachment 1: IMC_ao_Mar242015.png
IMC_ao_Mar242015.png
Attachment 2: IMC_olgs_Mar242015.png
IMC_olgs_Mar242015.png
  11168   Tue Mar 24 18:47:10 2015 ericqUpdateLSCAO Path engaged

Jenne has more detailed notes about how things went down last night, but I figure I should write about how we got the AO path stably up. 

As the carm_cm_up script stood after Jenne and Den's work last week, the CARM loop looked like the gold trace in the loop shape plot I posted in the previous elog. The phase bubble was clearly enlarged by the AO path, but there was some bad crossover instability brewing at 400 Hz. This was evident as a large noise peak, and would lead to lock loss if we tried to increase the overall CARM gain.

Quote:

 

As with our single arm CM board locking adventures, it was useful to have a filter that made the digital loop shape steeper around the crossover region, so that the 1/f AO+cavity pole shape played nice with the digital slope. As in the single arm trials, this effectively meant undoing the cavity pole compensating zero with a corresponding pole, letting the physical cavity pole do the steepening. This is only possible once the AO path has bestowed some phase upon you. A zero at a somewhat higher frequency (500Hz) gives the digital loop back some phase, which is neccesary to stay locked when the loop has only a few hundred Hz UGF, and the digital phase still matters. This gives us the purple trace. 

This provided us with a loop shape that could smoothly be ramped up in overall gain towards UGFs of multiple kHz (red trace). At this point we could reliably turn on the first boost, which will help in transitioning the PRMI to 1f signals (green trace). We didn't want to ramp it up too much, as we saw that the phase bubble likely ended not much higher than 100kHz, and the OLG magnitude was flattening pretty clearly around 40kHz. While we could turn on a super boost, it didn't look too nice, as we would have to stay at low phase margin to avoid bad gain peaking (blue trace).

As could be seen in the noise spectra that Jenne showed, you can see the violin notches in the CARM noise. This means we are injecting the digital loop noise all over the place. We attempted rolling off the digital loop (by undoing the zero at 500Hz), but found this made the gain at ~200Hz crash down, almost becoming unstable. We likely haven't positioned the crossover frequency in the ideal place for doing this. 

We didn't really give the interferometer any time to see how the long term stability was, since we wanted to poke around and measure as much as we could. While not every attempt would get us all the way there, the current carm_cm_up's success rate at achieving multi-kHz CARM bandwidth was pretty good (probably more than 50%) and the whole thing is still pretty snappy. 

  10855   Mon Jan 5 23:36:47 2015 ericqUpdateIOOAO cable reconnected

Quote:

 I lost the connecting cable from the CM to the AO input (unlabeled). 

 This afternoon, I labelled both ends of this cable, and reconnected it to the MC servo board. 

  15903   Thu Mar 11 14:03:02 2021 gautamUpdateLSCAO path

There is some evidence of weird saturation but the gain balancing (0.8dB) and orthogonality (~89 deg) for the daughter board on the REFL11 demod board that generates the AO path error signal seem reasonable. This board would probably benefit from the AD797-->Op27 and thick-film-->thin film swap but i don't think this is to blame for being unable to execute the RF transition.

Attachment 1: IMG_9127.HEIC
  15208   Wed Feb 12 12:13:37 2020 gautamUpdateLSCAO path attempts

Summary:

  1. The PRFPMI can be controlled by a mix of ALS and RF signals and circualting arm powers > 100 can be maintained for several tens of minutes at a stretch.
  2. The complete RF handoff still cannot be realized - I need to study the AO path crossover more carefully to understand what exactly is wrong and what needs to be done to rectify the problem.

Measurements:

Over the last couple of days, I've been trying to see if I can measure the phase advance due to the AO path - however, I've been unable to do so for any combination of CM board IN1 gain and MC Servo board IN2 gain I've tried. Yesterday, I tried to understand the loop shapes I was measuring a little more, and already, I think I can't explain some features.

Attachment #1 shows the TF measured (using SR785, and the EXC_A bank of the CM board) when the CM Slow path has been engaged.

  • All CARM control in this state is digital.
  • For the CM Slow path, the digital filter includes a pole at 700 Hz, pole at 5 kHz and zero at 120 Hz (the latter two for coupled cavity pole compensation).
  • In this conditions, the arm powers are somewhat stable at ~150, but still there are fluctuations of the order of 50%.
  • The "buzzing" as the arms rapidly go in and out of resonance is no longer present though.
  • The UGF of the hybrid REFL11+ALS loop is ~200 Hz, with ~45 deg of phase margin.
  • Turning off the MC2 violin filters gives some phase back. But I don't really understand the flattening of the TF gain between ~250-500 Hz.

Attachment #2 shows error signal spectra for the in-loop PRFPMI DoFs, for a few different conditions.

  • Engaging the REFL11 digital path smooths out the excess noise in the ~30-50 Hz band, which is consistent with the fact that the arm powers stabilize somewhat.
  • However, there is some gain peaking around ~400 Hz.
  • This is in turn imprinted on the vertex DoFs, making the whole system's stability marginal.

I believe that a stable crossover is hopeless under these conditions.

Next steps:

  1. Account for the measured OLTF, understand where the flattening in the few hundred Hz region is coming from.
  2. Repeat the high BW POY experiments, but with the simulated coupled cavity pole - maybe this will be a closer simulation to the PRFPMI transition.
Attachment 1: CARM_OLTF.pdf
CARM_OLTF.pdf
Attachment 2: PRFPMI_errSigs.pdf
PRFPMI_errSigs.pdf
  9912   Tue May 6 02:48:50 2014 JenneUpdateLSCAO path engaged with AS55 as error signal for Yarm locking

[Rana, Jenne]

This evening, we were able to lock the Yarm through the common mode board, using AS55 as our error signal.  Our final UGF is about 5kHz, with 60 degrees of phase margin.

Before dinner, Rana switched the input of the CM board's REFL1 input to be AS55I rather than POY11Q, in the hopes that it would have better SNR.  Demod phase of AS55 was measured to be 14 deg for optimum Yarm->I-phase and has been set to 0 degrees.  Since the POY demod phase had been 90 degrees, which puts in a minus sign, and now we're using 0 deg which doesn't have a minus sign, we're using the plus (instead of minus) polarity of the CM board.

We re-allocated gains to help lower the overall noise by moving 15dB from the CM board AO gain slider to the MC IN2 gain slider, so we weren't attenuating signals.

We see, by taking loop measurements even before engaging the AO path (so, just the digital loop portion) that we've gained something like 20 degrees of phase margin!  We think that about 5 degrees is some LSC loop re-shaping of the boost filter.  We weren't sure why there was a hump of extra gain in the boost filter, so we've created a new (FM8) boost filter which is just a usual resonant gain:  resgain(16.5,7,50)

The cm_down and cm_step scripts in ..../scripts/PRFPMI/ were modified to reflect the settings below, and their current states are included in the tarball attached.

Also, throughout our endeavors this evening, the PC fast rms has stayed nice and low, so we don't suspect any EOM saturation issues.


Now our Yarm digital servo has a gain of -0.0013, with FMs 2, 4, 5, 7, 8 engaged (2, 7, 8 are triggered). 

Our final CM board settings are: 

REFL1 gain = +22dB

offset = -2.898V

Boost = enable

Super Boost = 0

option = disable

1.6k:79 coupled cavity compensator = enabled

polarity = plus

option = disable

AO gain = 15dB

limiter = enable

MC board:  IN1 gain = 18dB, IN2 gain = 0dB.


Here is a measurement of the Common Mode MCL/AO crossover.  The purple/orange trace here is after/before the boost was engaged.

out.pdf

We also have a measurement of the total loop gain, measured with the SR785.  The parameter file, as well as the python script to get the data, are in the tarball attached.  Noteably, the excitation amplitude was 500mV, whereas Q and Rana yesterday were using 5 or 8 mV.  We aren't sure why the big change was necessary to get a reasonable measurement out.  This measurement is with the boost enabled.

TF3_5May2014_BoostON_UGF5kHz.png

Finally, here is a measurement of the MC error point spectra, with the CM boost on, after we reallocated the gains.  There's a giant bump at several tens of kHz.  We need to actually go out with the fast analyzer and tune up the MC loop.

CM_TP2A_140506_boostON_realloc.png

Attachment 2: zipped.tgz
  10521   Fri Sep 19 13:12:07 2014 JenneUpdateLSCAO path glitches

Quote:

Discontinuities / glitches could be seen in the CM board fast output when MC board gains were changed, which isn't so nice. Incidentally, I notice now that each lock loss corresponded to a step of AO gain on the CM board.

Back in May I looked at all the glitches that happen when we change the AO gain slider on the CM board - see elog 9938.   I wonder if the MC IN2 gain slider has the same issues.  I think I'll look at this this afternoon. Maybe we can set the CM board gain someplace, and just use the MC IN2 slider (if it's not as glitchy) for the delicate part where we're just about to cross unity, and then later we can again use the CM board's AO gain.

EDIT:  Yes, the glitches on the CM board AO path are *much* bigger, and more frequent.  Interestingly, the biggest glitches were every 4 dB.  When I went from -29 to -28, again from -25 to -24, -21 to -20, etc.  I saw the largest glitches on the MC IN2 slider going -29 to -28 and -17 to -16, but if there were small glitches at other transitions, they didn't hit my trigger levels.  I think next time I try engaging the AO path I'll try to do the delicate stuff by upping the MC IN2 gain rather than the CM board AO gain.

  10516   Thu Sep 18 02:42:28 2014 JenneUpdateLSCAO path partly engaged

Tonight was a night of trying to engage the AO path.  The idea was to sit at arm powers of a few on sqrtInvTrans for CARM and ALS for DARM, and try to increase the gain for REFLDC->AO path.

No exciting nit-picky details in locking procedure.  Mostly it was just a night of trying many times. 

The biggest thing that Q and I found tonight was that the 2-pin lemo cable connecting the CM board's SERVO OUT to the MC board's IN2 is shitty.  The symptom that led to this investigation was that I could increase the AO path gain arbitrarily, and have no change in the measured analog CM loop transfer function. We checked that the CM board servo out spit out signals that were roughly what we expected based on our ~2kHz excitation.  However, if we look at digitized signals from the MC board, the noise level was very high, with loads of 60Hz lines, and a teensy-tiny signal peak.  We put a small drive directly into the MC board and could see that, so we determined that the cable is bad.  We have unplugged the white 2-pin lemo, and ran a long BNC cable between the 2 boards.  Tomorrow we need to make a new 2-pin lemo cable so that we can have the lower noise differential drive signal.

After putting in the temporary cable, we do see an excitation sent to the CM board showing up after the MC board.  For this monitoring, the MC_L cable to the ADC has been borrowed, so instead of being the OUT1, the regular length signal, MC_L is currently the OUT2 monitor right after the board inputs. 

At some point in the evening, around 1:15am, ETMX started exhibiting the annoying behavior of wandering off sometimes.  I went in and pushed on the SUS cables to the satellite box, and I think it has helped, although I still saw the drift at least once after the cable-squishing.

Other than that, it has just been many trials.

The best was one where I was holding the arm powers around 4, and got the CM board's AO gain to -8 dB and the MC board's IN2 AO gain to -4 dB. I lost lock trying to increase the CM board gain to -7 dB. 

I took several transfer functions, and used Q's nifty "SRmeasure" script to gather data, and Q made a plot to see the progress.

TF progress plots:

0020.pdf

Time series of that lockloss:

Zoom_TRXTRY4_EngagingAO_1095059162.png

I don't know yet if the polarity of the CM board should be plus or minus.  This series was taken with "minus".  But,  since the phase looked opposite of Q's single arm CM board checkout from several months ago, we did a few trials with the polarity switched to "plus".  I thought we weren't getting as high of AO path gains, so I switched back to "minus", but the last few trials didn't get even as far as the plus trials did.  So, I still don't know which sign we want.

  10520   Fri Sep 19 04:05:05 2014 ericqUpdateLSCAO path partly engaged

More AO efforts. No huge news. 

Came at AO from each side. For each sign, I lost lock just a few dB from the AO portion of the loop crossing unity gain. Both attempts were about arm powers of 1, which should correspond to ~300pm CARM offset, which I have simulated the crossover as possible with my current loop models (including latest MC loop). The gain steps were usually 6dB in between measurements. 

Positive polarity on CM board screen:

I made it to +5 dB of the last plot here, but the 6th broke it open. Gains on CM In2, CM AO, and MC In2 were -6, -4, -2 on that last, lock breaking, step. 

TFSR785_19-09-2014_020555.pdf

Negative polarity on CM board screen:

Lost it just 2dB above the last trace. Gains were -6, +1, -2 (So, overall 5dB higher than the other polarization)

TFSR785_19-09-2014_033920.pdf

Many things happened in between these two lock stretches, but I'm not sure what may or may not have affected things. They include:

  • Jenne mentioned PRMI being fussy earlier in the evening. I adjusted REFL33 and POP22 angles during a PRMI lock, while CARM was held away with ALS. My simulations suggest that there are small changes to the 3F sensing when the arms are totally absent, but doing it at a finite CARM offset is closer to where we want it, it seems. 
  • I tried using REFL165Q for MICH, since my simulations suggest a better MICH/PRCL angle, which would stave off cross couplings. Lined up excitations, etc., but no luck. 
  • I measured the PRMI loops
    • found PRCL to have ~200Hz UGF, 8dB gain peaking. Maybe a little high, but didn't seem terrible. 
    • MICH had UGF of around 20Hz, with the FM gain at 0.8. By the shape of the phase bubble, the loop seems designed for higher bandwidth. I raised the gain to 2.5 for a 70ishHz UGF, and called in FMs 7 and 9 for additional triggered boosts. Things seemed to stay locked pretty well. 
  • Lower excitation amplitude the second time around, measuring the AO loop. Looking at the CM output spectra, you can see the excitation wailing away; I wanted to avoid it.

The location of the CARM resonance peak lines up with my simulation, which is good, but there appears to be less phase than expected... I tried making sure that we don't have any whitening uncompensated for, but it looked ok. All my AO path loop model contains is the CM board TF (measured and fitted), the IMC seen as an actuator(measured and fitted), and the REFLDC optical TF (simulated in MIST). Maybe the DC path of whatever diode this is coming from needs to be included...

Discontinuities / glitches could be seen in the CM board fast output when MC board gains were changed, which isn't so nice. Incidentally, I notice now that each lock loss corresponded to a step of AO gain on the CM board.

  15210   Thu Feb 13 02:07:26 2020 gautamUpdateLSCAO path transfer function measurement

Summary:

I measured the transfer function of the AO path, and think that there are some features indicative of a problem somewhere in the IMC locking loop.

Details:

Regardless of the locking scheme used, high bandwidth control of the laser frequency relies on the fact that the laser frequency is slaved to the IMC cavity length with nearly zero error below ~50 kHz (assuming the IMC loop has a UGF > 100 kHz). In my single arm experiments, I didn't know what to make of the ripples that became apparent in the measured OLTF as the AO gain was ramped up.

Tonight, I measured the TF of the "AO path", which modifies the error point of the IMC, thereby changing the laser frequency. 

  • An SR785 was used to make the measurement.
  • The signal was injected at the "EXC B" input on the CM board.
  • The CM_SLOW path was disabled, AO gain = 0dB, IMC IN2 gain = 0dB.
  • Between "EXC B" and the IMC error point (which I measured at TP1A on the IMC board), we expect that there are 2 poles at ~ 6 Hz, and one pole at ~ 11 Hz.

Attachment #1 shows the result of the measurement. 

  • This measurement should be the "Closed Loop Gain" [= 1/(1+L) where L is the open loop gain] of the IMC locking loop. For comparison, I've overlaid the inferred CLG from a measurement of the IMC OLG I made in Jun 2019. The magnitude lines up quite well, but the phase does not 🤔 
  • Above 10 kHz, the measurement is as I expect it to be.
  • However, between 1 kHz and 10 kHz, I see some periodic features every 1 kHz, which I don't understand. In the IMC OLTF, these would be sharp dips in the OLTF gain.
  • I was careful not to overdrive the servo, so I believe these features are not a measurement artefact.
  • Combing through past elogs, I couldn't really find any measurements of the IMC OLTF in the 1 kHz - 10 kHz band.
  • I decided to measure the spectrum of the IMC error point (with no excitation input), to see if that offered any additional insight. Attachment #2 shows the result - again, periodic features at ~ 1 kHz intervals.

I didn't use POX / POY as a sensor to confirm that this is real frequency noise, I will do so tomorrow. But it may be that realizing a stable crossover is difficult with so many features in the AO path.

Previous thread with a somewhat detailed characterization of the IMC loop electronics.

Attachment 1: AOpathTF.pdf
AOpathTF.pdf
Attachment 2: IMCinLoop.pdf
IMCinLoop.pdf
  1401   Fri Mar 13 20:23:37 2009 YoichiUpdateLSCAO path transfer function with X-arm locked
I measured the AO path transfer function while the X-arm is locked with the POX PDH signal.
The POX-I signal was already connected to the input 1 of the CM board. So I injected a signal from the EXC-B channel of the board and measured the transfer function from TP2B to TP1A. To open the loop, I disabled the switch befor the EXC-B.
The attached plot shows the measured transfer function.
There is a bump around 2kHz, which can also be seen in the AO path TF posted in elog:1399, but not the large structure at around 3.8kHz.
The 3.8kHz structure is probably created by the feedback.
Attachment 1: AOPath-Xarm.png
AOPath-Xarm.png
  10219   Wed Jul 16 19:38:37 2014 manasaSummaryPSLAOM alignment issues and removed from beam path

AOM removed from the beampath and PMC relocked. 

AOM alignment:

1. Measured the initial power after PMC as 1.30W and reduced it down to 130mW.
2. Checked the power in the AOM zero order transmission before touching it. For 0-1V modulation input, the power dropped from 125uW to 98.3uW.
3. Steered the mirror right before the AOM to increase AOM zero order transmission and then carefully moved the AOM around to obtain maximum power attenuation. I repeated this a few times and the maximum attenuation that I could obtain was 125uW to 89.2uW (~30% attenuation).
Although this is not the right way to align the AOM, we do not have much options with the current setup as there is not enough separation between the zero order and first order beams and the AOM is on a fixed rigid mount.
4. I tried to dump the first order beam from the AOM and it wasn't satisfactory as well. There is barely any separation between the zero order and first order beams.

PMC relocking:

1. SInce the alignment to the PMC was disturbed by moving the AOM and the steering mirror in front of it, the PMC alignment was lost.
2. I could not relock the PMC at low power or high power. Rana had to come to rescue and fixed the alignment so that we could see flashes of PMC on the trans camera (This was done by aligning refl beam to the PMC REFL PD while giving a triangular ramp to the PMC PZT voltage).
Also I should not have tried to lock the PMC at high power as I could have been steering the beam at high power to the edges of the PMC mirrors that way and burning stuff easily.
3. Before fine tuning the alignment, I decided to remove the AOM from the beam path as there needs some work done on it to make it useful.
4. I removed the AOM from the beam path and relocked the PMC. 
5. PMC is relocked with 0.79 counts in TRANS and I measured the power after PMC 1.30W

Attachment: picture showing AOM removed from the beampath.

Attachment 1: AOMremoved.jpg
AOMremoved.jpg
  10168   Wed Jul 9 21:05:31 2014 manasaUpdateGeneralAOM and PSL Ringdown

After the fits, here are the numbers!

Component Measured Expected
AOM 85.1 ns 200 ns (spec sheet) 
PMC 164.6 ns  Finesse/(2*pi*FSR)  = 163.4 ns

* We have a huge difference to the AOM switching time that was measured. The spec sheet mentions acoustic velocity in the material to be 4.2 mm/us and the well matched diameter in the AOM to be 1100 um. This would give a switching time ~ 200 ns. We could probably be having a much smaller beam size in the AOM for the measured switching time.

* The PMC  parameters that I had been referring to from the wiki were actually wrong and which was the reason for the mismatch that I was finding. I modified the wiki according to the found references to the actual measurement here: PMC parameters The measured values now and then match pretty well.

* Since the AOM does not change the power of the output beam by very much, what we see is actually a step response. Also, we have a lot of noise in the data obtained at the PD. 

RXA: some more comments...

  1. The fact that the AOM can only modulate the power by a tiny bit means that it is very mis-aligned or that the driver is broken.
  2. You need to take into account the AOM step time in the calculation of the PMC step time. Its not a step response if the input step is not a step, but a exponential.
  3. I wouldn't trust that old John Miller entry for the PMC Finesse. As you can see from his elog, even he didn't trust it.
  4. As we were discussing before, making a little step is not the same as a full ringdown. cf. G000413 and T900007

 

Attachment 1: data_code.zip
Attachment 2: PSL_ringFit.pdf
PSL_ringFit.pdf
Attachment 3: AOMringFit.pdf
AOMringFit.pdf
  10171   Thu Jul 10 00:38:20 2014 manasaUpdateGeneralAOM and PSL Ringdown

Quote:

RXA: some more comments...

  1. The fact that the AOM can only modulate the power by a tiny bit means that it is very mis-aligned or that the driver is broken.
  2. You need to take into account the AOM step time in the calculation of the PMC step time. Its not a step response if the input step is not a step, but a exponential.
  3. I wouldn't trust that old John Miller entry for the PMC Finesse. As you can see from his elog, even he didn't trust it.
  4. As we were discussing before, making a little step is not the same as a full ringdown. cf. G000413 and T900007

 

I think we should revisit the AOM alignment because the last time it was aligned, PMC trans dropped from 0.84 to 0.15 (a little more than 80%) for 0-1V modulation input to the AOM driver [elog]. The drop in power right now is ~10-15% only.

I could not find any elogs of AOM alignment touchups after Oct 2012.
But can the ISS team throw some light on the status of AOM when they were installing the ISS servo before we decide on touching the AOM alignment? [elog

  9328   Fri Nov 1 18:59:41 2013 EvanConfigurationISSAOM cabling

[Rana, Nic, Evan]

We did some work today on getting the AOM back up and running so that we can implement an SR560-based ISS.

We've removed the 18 AWG wire that was previously used to power the driver and have replaced it with a 12 AWG twisted pair (black and white, enclosed in a single gray cladding). This pair runs into the PSL rack's 24 V terminal block with a 2 A fuse. We've also replaced the cable connecting the AOM to the driver; it's now RG405.

Also disconnected the power to the old Kalmus FSS crystal driver box and turned it off. It was powered illegally. Also disconnected the power connection between the Sorensen and the old ISS AA chassis since it was wired directly without any fuse (which is a code violation). It will stay off until someone uses a proper fuse and wiring to hook it back up.

Attachment 1: aom.jpg
aom.jpg
Attachment 2: aom_driver.jpg
aom_driver.jpg
Attachment 3: aom_driver_power.jpg
aom_driver_power.jpg
Attachment 4: 20131101_170120.jpg
20131101_170120.jpg
  15087   Mon Dec 9 19:19:04 2019 YehonathanUpdatePSLAOM first order beam alignment

{Yehonathan, Rana}

In order to setup a ringdown measurement with perfect extinction we need to align the first order beam from the AOM to the PMC instead of the zeroth order.

We connected a signal generator to the AOM driver and applied some offset voltage. We spot the first order mode and align it to the PMC. The achieved transmitted power is roughly as it was before this procedure.

Along the way few changes has been made in the PSL table:

1. Some dangling BNCs were removed.

2. Laser on the south east side of the PSL table was turned off.

3. DC power supplies were removed (Attachment 1 & 2). The rubber legs on the first one are sticky and leave black residue.

4. The beam block that orginally blocked the AOM high order modes was raised to block the zeroth order mode (Attachment 3).

5. The unterminated BNC T junction (Attachment 4 - before picture). from the PMC mixer to the PMC servo was removed.

However, we are currently unable to lock the PMC on high gain. When the gain is too high the PZT voltage goes straight to max and the lock is lost.

Attachment 1: 20191209_193112.jpg
20191209_193112.jpg
Attachment 2: 20191209_193203_HDR.jpg
20191209_193203_HDR.jpg
Attachment 3: imageedit_2_7551928142.gif
imageedit_2_7551928142.gif
Attachment 4: imageedit_3_5863650538.gif
imageedit_3_5863650538.gif
  15089   Tue Dec 10 01:24:17 2019 YehonathanUpdatePSLAOM first order beam alignment

 

However, we are currently unable to lock the PMC on high gain. When the gain is too high the PZT voltage goes straight to max and the lock is lost.

Just realized that the diffracted beam is frequency shifted by 80MHz. It would shift the PZT position in the PMC lock acquisition, wouldn't it?

  15090   Tue Dec 10 13:26:46 2019 YehonathanUpdatePSLAOM first order beam alignment

nvm the PZT can scan over many GHz.

Quote:

 

However, we are currently unable to lock the PMC on high gain. When the gain is too high the PZT voltage goes straight to max and the lock is lost.

Just realized that the diffracted beam is frequency shifted by 80MHz. It would shift the PZT position in the PMC lock acquisition, wouldn't it?

 

  15131   Fri Jan 17 21:56:22 2020 YehonathanUpdatePSLAOM first order beam alignment

Today I noticed that the beam reflected from the PMC into the RFPD has a ghost (attachment) due to reflection from the back of the high transmission beam splitter that stirs the beam into the RFPD.

The two beams are focused into the RFPD.

In the past, the ghost beam was probably blocked by the BS mirror mount.

I put an iris to block the ghost beam.

Attachment 1: 20200117_174841.jpg
20200117_174841.jpg
  11343   Tue Jun 2 21:22:07 2015 rana, kojiConfigurationIOOAOM inserted in beam and aligned

We spent an hour today to put the AOM back in the beam before the PMC and verified that the diffraction is working.

  1. The fuse holder was missing from the rack. We inserted a 5A fuse. We expect that the quiesscent draw is < 0.5 A. The power is from the +24V Sorensen supply.
  2. The alignment was tricky, but we optimized it as well as we could in translation and the RZ direction. Its a fixed mount still.
  3. We noticed that according to the datasheet, the polarization is wrong! It wants S-Pol light and we're giving it P-Pol. How come no one noticed this? We expect that the efficiency is reduced because of this. We (Steve) need to brainstorm what kind of mount we can use there to mount it at 90 deg to the plane of the table.
  4. The lens after the AOM has f = +400 mm. The distance from the AOM to the lens is ~800-900 mm so its not so terrible. However, if someone were to put the AOM halfway between the turning mirrors there, the beam diffraction would be canceled.
  5. The AOM input impedance seems to be 50 Ohm as advertised. The previous Koji entry claim of 25 Ohm is mysterious. We checked the Ohmage by sending a signal into the AM input of the AOM using the DS345 which as a 50 Ohm output. 1 Vpp from the DS345 made 1 Vpp on the input of the AM input as measured by Oscope connected by T with high impedance setting.
  6. With 0.5 V offset and a 1 Vpp signal, we get ~20-25% modulation of the power.sad
  7. We have left it running with a 4444.4 Hz modulation and a small amplitude. This is to see if we can use this to measure the cavity poles of the MC and the arms.
  8. We noticed some hash on the Teed input monitor. It was backstreaming of the RF drive. Whoever uses this thing in an ISS feedback ought to make sure to put an RF choke between the servo and this AOM driver.

We also removed a 50/50 pickoff mirror which was used to take one of the NPRO -> EOM polarizer reject beams and send it across the table into a floppy dump. Its now hitting a closer floppy dump. Let's stop using these crappy anodized aluminum flappers anywhere, Steve.

We also noticed that the PMC REFL path uses a W1 from CVI to send the PMC reflection to the REFL RFPD. The dim beam from the AR coated surface is being used rather than the bright beam from the uncoated surface. Ooops. Steve, can you please order another W1 for 1064 from CVI, but get it with a 2-3 deg wedge angle? This one has a wedge which is too small.

  7403   Tue Sep 18 20:32:42 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

 {Jan, Manasa}

We tried towards calibrating the RF driver of the AOM. We decided to use the normal power supply for both the driver control voltage and the ALC voltage.  But we could not figure out the type of the ALC port to find a compatible mating connector...it did not match with SMA, SMB or SMP. Finally I wrote to the company and got to know it is a filtered feed through. Now that we know how to control the ALC voltage, we will try looking at the signal for varying ALC voltage and see how that goes. 

But when we tried to see the 2W RF signal through the RF scope, with ALC open, we found that the RF signal was distorted and did not measure 80MHz.  It was lame that we did not get a snapshot 

P.S. The AOM has been left disconnected from the RF driver. 

  7409   Wed Sep 19 11:39:37 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Quote:

 {Jan, Manasa}

We tried towards calibrating the RF driver of the AOM. We decided to use the normal power supply for both the driver control voltage and the ALC voltage.  But we could not figure out the type of the ALC port to find a compatible mating connector...it did not match with SMA, SMB or SMP. Finally I wrote to the company and got to know it is a filtered feed through. Now that we know how to control the ALC voltage, we will try looking at the signal for varying ALC voltage and see how that goes. 

But when we tried to see the 2W RF signal through the RF scope, with ALC open, we found that the RF signal was distorted and did not measure 80MHz.  It was lame that we did not get a snapshot 

P.S. The AOM has been left disconnected from the RF driver. 

 {Jan, Manasa}

We started again to calibrate the RF driver. We connected the ALC to the power supply and observed the output RF power on the scope. The RF power did change with ALC voltage, but the RF signal still seems not to be operating at 80MHz 

There is some kind of additional disturbance to the waveform at 80MHz (the frequency of just the waveform with tall peaks or small peaks alone). We made sure we get a snapshot this time!! I am not sure if it will be safe to feed this RF signal to the AOM as such

ALC_25.png

  7411   Wed Sep 19 15:41:27 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

 

 AOM driver has been removed from the PSL table for testing. However the AOM is still inside; so there should be no problems with the alignment. 

  7414   Wed Sep 19 23:17:25 2012 ranaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Mannasa and Unni and I looked at the RF driver for the AOM. It was fine.

With the ALC input left unconnected, with the power supply set to +28V, it was drawing 0.56 A.

By adjusting the modulation input we were able to get 1.1 Vrms into the scope (terminated at 50 Ohms) after going through 2 10dB attenuators. 11 Vrms into 50 Ohms is 33.8 dBm ~ 2W.

The RF power trimpot on the front of the driver is now adjusted so that -0.31 to 0.69 V takes the driver output from off to 2W output at 80 MHz.

 

The previous distorted signal that Jan and Manasa saw was at a level of ~100 mVrms, which is ~0.5 mW of power. At this tiny drive level, the internal amplifier is not linear and is mostly putting out a signal at ~160 MHz.

 

We checked by putting a square wave into the modulation input that the RF power from the driver would indeed shut off with a time scale of ~20 ns. Manasa will add a picture to this entry. We are ready now to calibrate the transmitted power of the AOM v. the modulation input voltage and then to measure the step time of the AOM.

Remember: do NOT believe the spec sheet of whatever PD you are using. All commercial PDs are slower than they advertise. In order to measure a <1 us step time you must use a PD with a >50 MHz 'bandwidth'.

  7416   Thu Sep 20 01:29:04 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Quote:

Mannasa and Unni and I looked at the RF driver for the AOM. It was fine.

With the ALC input left unconnected, with the power supply set to +28V, it was drawing 0.56 A.

By adjusting the modulation input we were able to get 1.1 Vrms into the scope (terminated at 50 Ohms) after going through 2 10dB attenuators. 11 Vrms into 50 Ohms is 33.8 dBm ~ 2W.

The RF power trimpot on the front of the driver is now adjusted so that -0.31 to 0.69 V takes the driver output from off to 2W output at 80 MHz.

 

The previous distorted signal that Jan and Manasa saw was at a level of ~100 mVrms, which is ~0.5 mW of power. At this tiny drive level, the internal amplifier is not linear and is mostly putting out a signal at ~160 MHz.

 

We checked by putting a square wave into the modulation input that the RF power from the driver would indeed shut off with a time scale of ~20 ns. Manasa will add a picture to this entry. We are ready now to calibrate the transmitted power of the AOM v. the modulation input voltage and then to measure the step time of the AOM.

Remember: do NOT believe the spec sheet of whatever PD you are using. All commercial PDs are slower than they advertise. In order to measure a <1 us step time you must use a PD with a >50 MHz 'bandwidth'.

Attachment 1: TEK00000.PNG
TEK00000.PNG
  7425   Fri Sep 21 12:12:56 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

    {Jan, Manasa}

We installed the AOM driver back on the PSL table this morning. To calibrate the AOM RF output we connected a 1V dc to the modulation input of the driver and we are convinced with the setup.

Before we direct the rf signal to the AOM, in order to check its diffraction efficiency, we would like to setup an rf PD at the AOM output. We think we have place for a filter and PD after the AOM (replacing a beam dump) and would like to confirm the position before we actually install them. The layout is the picture below showing sweet spots for the new pd to sit. If you think it may disturb the system in any way, let us know!

PSL.png

  7464   Tue Oct 2 16:15:22 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Quote:

    {Jan, Manasa}

We installed the AOM driver back on the PSL table this morning. To calibrate the AOM RF output we connected a 1V dc to the modulation input of the driver and we are convinced with the setup.

Before we direct the rf signal to the AOM, in order to check its diffraction efficiency, we would like to setup an rf PD at the AOM output. We think we have place for a filter and PD after the AOM (replacing a beam dump) and would like to confirm the position before we actually install them. The layout is the picture below showing sweet spots for the new pd to sit. If you think it may disturb the system in any way, let us know!

 

The rf PD and filter have been installed at the earlier proposed spot on the PSL table.  

psl_aom.png

  7471   Wed Oct 3 16:52:16 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

{Jan, Manasa}

We set start to check the performance of the AOM on the PSL table. The AOM driver spits out ~1.5W rf at 80MHz for 1V DC at its modulation input. In order to align the AOM, we reduced the input power to the AOM to ~10% using the QWP between the PBS and the laser. We touched the steering mirror before the AOM...but did not succeed in getting any appreciable first order deflection. We then released the AOM mount and moved it a few microns in and out until we obtained a significant change in power along the zero-order beam from 400mV to 100mV when the rf power was changed from 0 to ~1.5W (by changing modulation input from 0 to 1V).  The AOM was clamped at this alignment and the QWP was rotated to give maximum input power. 

During the course of aligning the AOM, the PMC unlocked and was restored after the alignment. 

All went well without having to make any emergency calls to anyone

We will now have to think about switching the AOM on and off for ringdown measurements. This could be done by either using a high-power rf switch or by switching the modulation DC input between 0 and 1V; whichever will be more comfortable to take many many ringdown measurements.

 

  7474   Wed Oct 3 23:36:54 2012 KojiConfigurationPSLAOM installation

After the AOM work the beam wasn't well aligned to the PMC. The PMC REFL CCD shows large misalignment in yaw.

Attachment 1: PMCTRANS.png
PMCTRANS.png
  7479   Thu Oct 4 17:54:59 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Quote:

After the AOM work the beam wasn't well aligned to the PMC. The PMC REFL CCD shows large misalignment in yaw.

 {Jan, Manasa, Den}

We wanted to align the PMC and followed Koji's procedure detailed to us by mail. We touched the 2 steering mirrors in front of the PMC for alignment.

- Stand in front of the PMC.
- Find an oscillosocpe on the shelf in the PSL enclosure.
- This has two signals connected. One is the PMC refl dc.
  The other is the PMC trans dc.
- Minimize the refl. Maximize the trans.
- You have the CRT monitor on the MC chamber.
- Project the image of the PMC refl CCD.
  This should show some what symmetric image like an LG mode.
- Use the dataviewer to see how C1:PSL-PMC_PMCTRANSPD is recovered.

We were able to obtain 0.7 at PMC trans; but the PMC was never really stable dropped from 0.7 to 0 abruptly from time to time.

Jenne and Jamie also find that the PMC is behaving very weird 

Summary: Problem unresolved 

 

  7480   Thu Oct 4 18:48:04 2012 janoschConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Quote:

Jenne and Jamie also find that the PMC is behaving very weird 

 Can someone detail what "weird" means? Is it singing old songs from Guns & Roses?

  7481   Thu Oct 4 20:57:43 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Quote:

Quote:

Jenne and Jamie also find that the PMC is behaving very weird 

 Can someone detail what "weird" means? Is it singing old songs from Guns & Roses?

 It isn't singing Jan..it's dancing between 0.7 to 0 and we are not able to figure out whose the DJ ; there seems to be something else that is controlling the PMC as there is no coordination between what we do (tweaking the mirrors) and what we observe (the PD signals).

  7482   Thu Oct 4 22:16:28 2012 KojiConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Do more investigation to understand what is causing the power reduction.

Is the alignment inadequate? Check the in-lock ccd image.

Is the incident power reduced? (by what?) Use dataviewer.

Is the AOM doing something? Is it active? Then how much power is it eating?

BY THE WAY, how the deflected beam is dumped?
If you don't have anything for blocking the 1st order beam, you have to expect Steve coming to you.

  7494   Fri Oct 5 18:08:17 2012 ManasaConfigurationPSLAOM installation

Quote:

Do more investigation to understand what is causing the power reduction.

Is the alignment inadequate? Check the in-lock ccd image.

Is the incident power reduced? (by what?) Use dataviewer.

Is the AOM doing something? Is it active? Then how much power is it eating?

BY THE WAY, how the deflected beam is dumped?
If you don't have anything for blocking the 1st order beam, you have to expect Steve coming to you.

The PMC has been aligned and is all happy happy 

I have installed an  iris to dump the higher order beams deflected by the AOM. After installing the iris, I found that the PMC trans dropped to 0.58V and the PMC misaligned in pitch. So I've touched the 2 steering mirrors before the PMC. Now it is satisfactorily locked with PMC trans at 0.84.

I have also checked the alignment with AOM switched on. PMC trans drops to 0.15 with AOM on and comes back to 0.84 when AOM is switched off without losing lock .

  12196   Fri Jun 17 22:36:11 2016 JohannesUpdatePSLAOM installation

Subham and I have placed the AOM back into the setup right in front of the PMC.

Steps undertaken:

  1. The HEPA filters were turned off for some reason. They were turned back on, running at 100% while the enclosure was open.
  2. Before the installation, after initial realignment, the PMC TRANSPD read out 748 mV.
  3. The laser injection current was dialed down to 0.8 A (just above the threshold, judging by PMC cameras.
  4. AOM was attached to the new mount while staying connected to its driver. Put in place, a clamp prevents the cable from moving anywhere near the main beam.
  5. Aligned AOM to beam, centering the beam (by eye) on front and back apertures.
  6. We then applied an offset to the AOM driver input, eventually increasing it to 0.5 V. A secondary beam became clearly visible below the primary beam.
  7. In order to place the razor blade dump (stemming from a box, labeled "cleaned for atm use") before the PMC, where the beam separation was about 3 mm, to make sure we can hit the edged area, we had to place the dump at an angle, facing up.
  8. Keeping the 0.5V offset on the driver input, with the lights off, we increased the laser diode current in steps of ~200 mA to its original value of 2.1A, while checking for any IR light scattered from the beam dump. Not a trace.
  9. At original current setting, we realigned the beam into the PMC, and obtained 743 mV on the TRANSPD in the locked state.
  10. Closed off PSL table, dialed HEPAs down to 50%

              

 

Attachment 1: aom_new_mount.jpg
aom_new_mount.jpg
  12198   Mon Jun 20 08:26:56 2016 SteveUpdatePSLAOM pictures

Good job Johannes and Subham.

 

Attachment 1: AOMinplace.jpg
AOMinplace.jpg
Attachment 2: inplaceAOM.jpg
inplaceAOM.jpg
Attachment 3: AOMin.png
AOMin.png
  15053   Wed Nov 27 16:10:29 2019 gautamUpdateLSCAOM reconnected

i reconnected the AOM driver to the AOM in the main beam path (it was hijacked for the AOM in the AUX laser path for Anjali's MZ experiment). I also temporarily hooked up the AOM to a CDS channel to facilitate some swept-sine measurements. This was later disconnected. The swept sine will need some hardware to convert the bipolar drive signal from the CDS system to the unipolar input that the AOM driver wants (DTT swept sine wont let me set an offset for the excitation, although awggui can do this).

Quote:

if the RP don't fit

u must acquit

sweep the laser amplitude

to divine the couplin w certitude

  10115   Mon Jun 30 22:40:21 2014 ManasaUpdatePSLAOM ringdown

Quote:

Quote:

I would like to measure the switching time of the AOM. So I have disconnected the modulation input to the AOM that comes from the ISS. I have also turned OFF the SR560's and the AWG that belong to ISS. 

Pics and cable connections of the state in which the ISS setup was left at, will be updated soon.

I installed a fast PDA10CF along the path of a leaking beam from one of the steering mirrors that direct the main beam to the PMC. This beam was dumped to a razor blade. I removed the razor blade and installed a Y1 to steer this beam through a lens on the PD.

Pics of the layout post-installation will be updated.

Also, I tested the AOM by giving it 0-1V modulation input from the AWG. This has been disconnected after the test. So everything should be as it was pre-testing.

Edit/manasa/ Data has not been fit correctly in here. A proper fit will follow this elog.

Proper fits and numbers are here :elog

Earlier last week I had tried to measure the AOM ringdown and concluded I could not make one.

I was proved wrong and I was able to make a measurement. I am still not sure why I was not able to make the measurement earlier with the very same settings and configuration.

What I did:

I gave the AOM a 0-1V modulation input using the signal generator (50 ohm feedthrough bnc was used to impedance match the AOM driver's modulation input). For the measurement here I used a 1Hz square wave. I used a 300MHz oscilloscope to look at the falling edge of the ringdown PD output installed.

I recorded a few ringdown samples. To get a quick number, I fit one such sample to find the AOM switching time as 1.48us (Plot attached). 

Attachment 1: AOM_ringSample1.pdf
AOM_ringSample1.pdf
  11576   Fri Sep 4 10:25:19 2015 SteveConfigurationIOOAOM stage is ready

New stage can hold the correct polarization.

DRAWING CORRECTION:  Post block height was lowered to be 1.88" from 2.0"

Attachment 1: stage_AOM-EOM.jpg
stage_AOM-EOM.jpg
Attachment 2: A-EOMholder.pdf
A-EOMholder.pdf A-EOMholder.pdf A-EOMholder.pdf A-EOMholder.pdf
  11581   Mon Sep 7 18:25:16 2015 ranaConfigurationIOOAOM stage is ready

The new stage missed the right height by ~2 mm. sad

Even if I completely bottom out the (New Focus 9071) 4-axis stage, its not short enough. So I removed the AOM from the beam and re-aligned into the PMC.

Steve, please get the aluminum piece remachined to go down by 2.5 mm so we can have some height adjustment room.

Quote:

New stage can cheeky hold the correct polarization.

Also, the turning mirror mount just after the EOM and before the AOM is a U-100 and we want it to be a Suprema for stability - let's not forget to swap that after Steve gets the mount fixed.

  1446   Mon Mar 30 17:02:46 2009 YoichiConfigurationGeneralAP OSA aligned
I aligned the AP OSA, which had been mis-aligned for a while.
  4919   Thu Jun 30 07:42:48 2011 SureshUpdateIOOAP Table Power levels

I measured the power in various beams on the AP table to check and see if any beam is having too much power. 

I am uploading two pics one is in the "high power state" and the other is the "low power state".   High power in the MC REFL PD occurs when the MC is unlocked.  In addition the WFS also will see this  hike in power. We wish to make sure that in either state the power levels do not exceed the max power that the PDs can tolerate.

 

 

Low Power state: MC locked, PRM not aligned.                                                   High Power state: MC unlocked,  PRM aligned.

 

AS-lowP_state.pdf             AS-highP_state.pdf

  13767   Thu Apr 19 09:57:03 2018 gautamUpdateWikiAP and ETMX tables uploaded to wiki

The most up to date pictures of the AP table and ETMX table that Steve took have been uploaded to the relevant page on the wiki. It seems like the wiki doesn't display previews of jpg images - by using png, I was able to get the thumbnail of the attachment to show up. It would be nice to add beam paths to these two images. The older versions of these photos were moved to the archive section on the same page.

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