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Message ID: 7019     Entry time: Tue Jul 24 15:17:10 2012
Author: Masha 
Type: Update 
Category: PEM 
Subject: RMS Filters, PEM Sitemap 

RMS Filters

How Den, Rana, and I chose RMS filters:

- Because filter ring-down generates negative outputs, which then show up as NaN when the log is taken in StripTool, we decided to only use low-pass filters with real poles (using ZPK in Foton).

- The band-pass filters were chosen by looking at the dB drop from the cutoff frequencies to the next (usually aiming for 40 dB, or 99%), and checking that the BP_IN and BP_OUT had a coherence of 1 in the pass-band.

- The low-pass filters were chosen by finding the lowest filter order at which there was coherence of ~1 in the passband between the input signal to the filter and the filter output. The cutoff frequencies were chosen to be lower than the first passband frequency, in order to get rid of the cos(2*\omega*t)/2 terms that arise during the squaring of a signal of the form Asin(\omega*t) and to assure that only terms related to A^2/2 were kept. A plot of the 3-10 region is attached - in the Coherence plot, the coherence in ~1 in the 3 to 10 hZ region. Likewise,

PEM Sitemap

My previous post had digital zeros in two of the BLRMS channels. Jenne figured out that this was because the file Csqrt.c, which performs the square root operation in the root-mean square processing only accepted 5 inputs. I modified and committed the code so that it now accepts 7 inputs (for our 7 frequency bands) and returns 7 outputs. The new PEM sitemap seems to currently work.


I have modified the StripTool file in order to show our new 0.01 Hz - 0.03 Hz and 0.03 Hz - 0.1 Hz channels.

Attachment 1: GUR1Z0p3to1FilterCoherence.png  154 kB  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 2: GUR1Z3to10FilterCoherence.png  150 kB  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 3: GUR1Z3to10FilterSignal.png  198 kB  | Hide | Hide all
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