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Entry  Mon Sep 7 23:49:14 2020, gautam, Update, BHD, A first look at RF44 scheme 
    Reply  Tue Sep 8 01:31:43 2020, Koji, Update, BHD, A first look at RF44 scheme 
    Reply  Wed Sep 9 00:05:18 2020, gautam, Update, BHD, More notes on the RF44 scheme IMG_3397.JPGphaseNoisePSD.pdfmagnitudeHist.pdfLOpowerDrift.png
       Reply  Tue Sep 15 22:11:52 2020, gautam, Update, BHD, More notes on the RF44 scheme RF44.pdf
Message ID: 15565     Entry time: Wed Sep 9 00:05:18 2020     In reply to: 15562     Reply to this: 15575
Author: gautam 
Type: Update 
Category: BHD 
Subject: More notes on the RF44 scheme 


  1. With the Michelson locked on a dark fringe, the f2-f1 signal at ~44 MHz does not seem to ever vanish, it seems to bottom out at ~2mV DC. Is this just an electronics offset? Not sure of the implications on using this as a locking signal for the homodyne phase yet.
  2. The inferred relative phase fluctuations between the LO and RF fields using this 44 MHz signal is consistent with that from previous tests.
  3. The laying out of the new, shorter, fiber patch cable seems to have helped to reduce the phase drift over minute time scales.
  4. So far, I have not had any success in using the 44 MHz signal to close a servo loop and keep the homodyne phase locked for more than a few seconds at a time, and even then, the loop shape is sub-optimal as the in-loop error signal is not clean. Maybe some systematic loop shaping will help, but I think the dynamic range requirement on the actuator is too high, and I'm not sure what to make of the fact that the error signal does not vanish.


Attachment #1 shows the optical setup currently being used to send the LO field with RF sidebands on it to the air BHD setup.

  • You can find a video of the large power fluctuations mentioned in my previous elog here. After tightening the collimator in the mount, the arrangement is still rather sensitive, but at least I was able to see some light on the DCPD on the AS table, at which point I could use this signal and tweak the alignment to maximize it.
  • It is well known that the input beam to the IMC drifts during the day, either due to temperature fluctuations / PMC PZT stroke L2A / some other reason (see Attachment #4 for the power drift over ~12 hours, it is not monotonic with temperature). The fact that our collimating setup is so sensitive to the input pointing isn't ideal, but I noticed the power had only degraded by ~5% today compare to yesterday, so maybe the occassional touch up is all that is required.

Attachment #2 shows spectra of the relative phase drift between LO and IFO output field (from the Dark Michelson). 

  • I still haven't overlaid a seismic model. There was some discussion about the TTs having a 1/f roll-off as opposed to 1/f^2, I don't know if there was any characterization at the time of installation, but this SURF report seems to suggest that it should in fact be 1/f^2 because the passive eddy current dampers are mounted to the main suspension cage on springs rather than being rigidly attached. 
  • The noise at ~100 Hz is ~x2 higher if the spectra is collected during the daytime, when the seismic activity is high. Although this shouldn't really matter at 100 Hz? 
  • There are also huge power-line harmonics - I suspect these are making it difficult to close a feedback loop, as I couldn't add a 60 Hz comb which doesn't affect the loop stability for a UGF of ~30-50 Hz. But if they aren't notched out, the control signal RMS is dominated by these frequencies.

Attachment #3 shows the signal magntiude of the signals used to make the spectra in Attachment #2, during the observation time (10 minutes) with which the spectra were computed. The dashed vertical lines denote the 1%, 50% and 99% quantiles.

  • Koji asked me about the 55 MHz signal and why it doesn't vanish - for the dark Michelson, where the ITMs don't apply any relative phase on reflection to the carrier and RF sideband fields, we expect that the upper and lower sidebands cancel, and so there should be no intensity modulation at 55 MHz (just like we don't expect any for a pure phase modulated light field incident on a photodiode).
  • However, from the I/Q demodulated data that is collected, it would appear that while the size of the signal does vary, it doesn't ever completely vanish. This implies some asymmetry in the sidebands (or at least, the transmission of the sidebands by the Michelson). I didn't estimate the effect of the Schnupp asymmetry, or if this asymmetry is coming from elsewhere, but the point is that for the conclusions drawn from Attachment #2 remain valid even though both the amplitude and phase of the 55 MHz signal is changing. 
  • I also plot the corresponding histogram for the 44 MHz signal. You can see that it never goes to 0 (once I fix the x-label ticks). I don't know if this is consistent with some electronics offset.

Attempts to close a feeddback loop to control the homodyne phase:

  • A digital PLL (a.k.a. Phase Tracker) servo was used to keep the demodulated 44 MHz signal in one (demodulated) quadrature, which can then be used as an error signal.
  • Unlike the ALS case, the quantity to be servoed to 0 is the magnitude of the 44 MHz signal, and not its phase, so that's how I've set up the RTCDS model.
  • I played around with the loop shape to try and achieve a stable lock by actuating on the PZT mounted mirror in the LO path - however, I've not yet had any success so far.
Attachment 1: IMG_3397.JPG  2.879 MB  Uploaded Wed Sep 9 01:12:25 2020  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 2: phaseNoisePSD.pdf  209 kB  Uploaded Wed Sep 9 01:17:55 2020  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 3: magnitudeHist.pdf  189 kB  Uploaded Wed Sep 9 01:25:43 2020  | Hide | Hide all
Attachment 4: LOpowerDrift.png  99 kB  Uploaded Wed Sep 9 13:46:53 2020  | Hide | Hide all
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