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Entry  Thu Aug 20 00:21:51 2020, gautam, Update, Electronics, First look at HV coil driver IMG_8724.JPGtimeDomain.pdfHVampNoise.pdf
    Reply  Sun Aug 23 23:36:58 2020, gautam, Update, Electronics, First look at HV coil driver IMG_5379.JPGstabilityCriterion.pdf
       Reply  Wed Aug 26 16:12:25 2020, gautam, Update, Electronics, Test mass coil current requirements coilCurrents.png
       Reply  Tue Sep 1 15:39:04 2020, gautam, Update, Electronics, HV coil driver oscillations fixed testSetup.pdfHVampNoise_driven.pdf
          Reply  Thu Oct 22 11:14:47 2020, gautam, Update, Electronics, HV coil driver packaged into 2U chassis HVampNoise_driven_chassis.pdfHVampNoise_dispUnits.pdfD1900163_measurementSetup.zip
             Reply  Thu Oct 22 13:04:42 2020, rana, Update, Electronics, HV coil driver packaged into 2U chassis 
                Reply  Thu Oct 22 22:01:53 2020, gautam, Update, Electronics, HV coil driver packaged into 2U chassis DACnoiseFilterGain.pdfDACnoiseFilterNoises.pdf
                   Reply  Fri Oct 23 09:03:43 2020, anchal, Update, Electronics, HV coil driver packaged into 2U chassis 
             Reply  Thu Nov 12 14:55:35 2020, gautam, Update, Electronics, More systematic noise characterization powerSupplyNoise.pdfcoherence.pdf
                Reply  Thu Nov 12 15:40:42 2020, Koji, Update, Electronics, More systematic noise characterization 
                   Reply  Mon Nov 16 00:02:34 2020, rana, Update, Electronics, More systematic noise characterization 
                      Reply  Wed Jan 20 10:13:06 2021, gautam, Update, Electronics, HV Power supply bypassing bypassCaps.pdfIMG_9079.jpgIMG_9078.jpgHVampNoise_driven_chassis.pdfprintCoilCurrents.pdf
                         Reply  Mon Feb 1 12:30:21 2021, gautam, Update, Electronics, More careful characterization HVPS.pdfHV_testckt.pdftotalNoise.pdf
                         Reply  Wed Feb 10 21:14:03 2021, gautam, Update, Electronics, Production version of the HV coil driver tested inputDiffRecTF.pdfLVnoises.pdftotalNoise.pdftimeDomainTests.pdf
                            Reply  Fri Feb 26 16:31:02 2021, gautam, Update, Electronics, Production version of the HV coil driver tested with KEPCO HV supplies totalNoise_KEPCO.pdf
                               Reply  Fri Feb 26 20:20:43 2021, Koji, Update, Electronics, Production version of the HV coil driver tested with KEPCO HV supplies 
                                  Reply  Sat Feb 27 17:25:42 2021, gautam, Update, Electronics, Production version of the HV coil driver tested with KEPCO HV supplies 
                                     Reply  Thu May 20 16:56:21 2021, Koji, Update, Electronics, Production version of the HV coil driver tested with KEPCO HV supplies P_20210520_154523_copy.jpg
Message ID: 15552     Entry time: Tue Sep 1 15:39:04 2020     In reply to: 15536     Reply to this: 15636
Author: gautam 
Type: Update 
Category: Electronics 
Subject: HV coil driver oscillations fixed 

Summary:

Increasing the compensation capacitance (470 pF now instead of 33 pF) seems to have fixed the oscillation issues associated with this circuit. However, the measured noise is in excess of the model at almost any frequency of relevance. I believe the problem is due to the way the measurement is done, and that we should re-do the measurement once the unit is packaged in a shielded environment.

Details:

Attachment #1 shows (schematically) the measurement setup. Main differences from the way I did the last round of testing are:

  1. A 20 ohm series resistor was connected between the high voltage output and ground to simulate the OSEM coil.
  2. The test was done under driven conditions (i.e. some non-zero input voltage) to better simulate conditions under which the circuit will be used.
  3. An Acromag XT1541 DAC was used to provide the input signal, to simulate more realistic operating conditions.
  4. A pomona box filter was used to block out the high voltage DC signal which would otherwise destroy the SR785.

Attachment #2 shows the measurement results:

  • Tests were done at a few different drive levels to check if there was any difference.
  • The difference between "Idrive=0mA" and "Input Grounded" traces is that in the former, the Acromag DAC was connected but putting out 0V, wheras in the latter, I shorted the input to the circuit ground.
  • Because the measurement was done at the output of the PA95, the Johnson noise of 25 kohms (~20 nV/rtHz) was manually summed in quadrature to all the measured traces.
  • The plotted spectra were collected in 3 spans, 0-200 Hz, 200Hz-1.8kHz, and 1.8kHz-14.6kHz. The input range was kept constant, so I'm not sure what to make of the discontinuity around 1.8 kHz. Maybe the comb of lines that were being picked up were distorting the spectra for lower frequencies?
  • The "Model" is only for the electronics noise of the circuit. The low-pass filtered noise of the Acromag should be totally negligible above 10 Hz, see here. The fact that there is little difference between the "Idrive=0mA" and "Input Grounded" traces further supports this claim.
  • The diodes in the Pomona box are also unlikely to be the culprit, because with this Pomona box connected to the SR785 and its input terminated with 50ohms, I don't see the comb of spectral lines.

I didn't capture the data, but viewing the high voltage output on an Oscilloscope threw up no red flags - the oscillations which were previously so evident were nowhere to be seen, so I think the capacitor switch did the trick as far as stability is concerned.

There is a large excess between measurement and model out to a few kHz, if this is really what ends up going to the suspension then this circuit is useless. However, I suspect at least part of the problem is due to close proximity to switching power supplies, judging by the comb of ~10 Hz spaced peaks. This is a frequent problem in coil driver noise measurements - previously, the culprit was a switching power supply to the Prologix GPIB box, but now a Linear AC-DC converter is used (besides, disconnecting it had no visible effect). The bench supplies providing power to the board, however, is a switching supply, maybe that is to blame? I think the KEPCO supplies providing +/-250 V are linear. I tried the usual voodoo of twisting the wires used to receive the signal, moving the SR785 away from the circuit board etc, but these measures had no visible effect either. 

Conclusions:

The real requirement of this circuit is that the current noise above 100 Hz be <1pA/rtHz. This measurement suggests a level that is 5x too high. But the problem is likely measurement related. I think we can only make a more informed conclusion after shielding the circuit better and conducting the test in a more electromagnetically quiet environment.

Attachment 1: testSetup.pdf  45 kB  Uploaded Tue Sep 1 16:53:27 2020  | Hide | Hide all
testSetup.pdf
Attachment 2: HVampNoise_driven.pdf  303 kB  Uploaded Tue Sep 1 16:53:54 2020  | Hide | Hide all
HVampNoise_driven.pdf
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